A Closer Look At Genetically Engineered Foods Benefits  Sample College Essay

Nowadays we live in a world that is constantly changing and advancing due to countless beneficial inventions of technological advancements. Scientists always discover and implement new ways to help society and our future generation through enhanced food products. Genetically engineered food which also called genetically modified organisms has become an immensely controversial topic throughout the world. Numerous people do not even know what GMOs are. According to the World Health Organization(2014), GMOs are foods derived from organisms, plants or animals, whose DNA has been converted by genetic engineering. Although a number of people never consume GM crops, I believe that they will eat them after knowing their benefits which are high nutrition, environmental benefits, and more vaccines.

First of all, high nutrition contents are the major pros of GMO. Daniel Norero(2018) indicated that several people suffer from vitamin A deficiency which caused symptoms ranging from blindness to xerophthalmia. Therefore, vitamin A deficiency leads totally to 5000 cases of permanent blindness, nearly millions of cases of xerophthalmia, and over 2 million death annually (Norero,2018). As a result of these death numbers, Ingo Potrykus, a professor at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, and Peter Beyer, a professor at the University of Freiburg, collaborated and created golden rice to address the problem of vitamin A deficiency ( Baranski,2013). The International Rice Research Institute proclaimed that golden rice has been genetically modified to contain beta-carotene, provitemin A in order to save people’s lives. U.S president Bill Clinton stated that “If we could get more of this golden rice, which is a genetically modified strain of rice, especially rich in vitamin A, out to the developing world, it could save 40000 lives a day, people that are malnourished and dying “.

Second, GM crops can lead to environmental benefits such as less usage of pesticides or viruses resistance. The foods we eat daily are sprayed regularly with pesticide before landing on our table, and we never consider the side effects of them on our lives. The WHO estimated’ three million cases of pesticide poisoning occur every year, resulting in as excess of 250000 death’. Thankfully, GMOs reduce the usage of pesticide during farming and this is a great movement for the betterment of the food supply. Moreover, USDA(2019) indicated that insect resistant crops contain a gene from the dirt bacterium, Bacillus Thuringiensis, which creates a protein toxic to explicit bugs, securing insects’ life. Therefore, virus resistance makes plants less susceptible to diseases caused by viruses. A good example of virus resistance is papaya. In 1940, papaya fields had been suffering from the papaya ringspot virus in Hawaii, and it reached almost all the papayas’ field (Held,2016). Consequently, Elizabeth Held (2016) said’ the production fell 50 percent between 1993 and 2006”. Dennis Gonsalves, a scientist at Cornell University, with his colleagues improved the rainbow papaya which is aimed to be immune to the effects of the virus ( Yoon,1999).

Last but not least, genetically engineered foods are beneficial for producing some vaccines. People may soon be getting vaccinated for disease like hepatitis B and cholera by simply taking a bit of banana. Specialists have effectively built a few plants including banana, potato, lettuce, carrot, tobacco to create HBV immunization. However, they found the banana is the most ideal product for hepatitis B and cholera.(Hemming,2007). Charles Arntzen, a plant biotechnologist at Arizona State University, produced an edible vaccine by engineering a banana to make a protein from the bacterium that causes cholera. After the banana is gathered and made into chips, it would be conveyed to creating nations who do not have get access to the advanced immunizations (Mestel,2010). Additionally, the WHO (2019) declared that nearly 800000 individuals died in 2015 worldwide owing to hepatitis B, an infectious virus that afflicts the liver. Fortunately, when people eat a bite of GM banana, which is full of virus proteins, their immune systems build up antibodies to fight these diseases.

To conclude, high nutrition, environmental benefits, and more vaccines are the most widely recognized benefits of genetically engineered food. I believe that consumers will change their minds after learning about these benefits, and they will start consuming GM crops without hesitation. Frankly, there is not any evidence showing the harm effects of GMOs on our health. Thus, they are completely safe to consume (Haspel,2016). In my point of view, the production of GM crops will continue rising in the next few years and will be set on the shelves of our markets.

Hope Despite Darkness Essay

In America’s time of despair, families, friends and acquaintances drowned among the onslaught on dreams, hope and companionship resulting from The Great Depression. Man’s ability to hope and dream in times of adversity is their ability to survive and having “hope is being able to see that there is light despite all of the darkness” (Desmond Tutu). Ron Howards award winning film, Cinderella Man and John Steinbeck’s novella, Of Mice and Men explores the themes of ability to hope in times of adversity and loneliness. In Depth both texts explore friendship, hope and dreams ability to encourage even the most ordinary of people to keep moving forward and continue with their lives. “Its about how hard you can get hit and keep moving forward, how much you can take and keep moving forward. That’s how winning is done!” (Rocky Balboa – Film)

Award winning film, Ron Howards Cinderella Man is a text that explores similar themes of loneliness and ability to hope as, The Great Depression wreaks havoc on society. It is an altered fictional story based upon the life of the “Pride of New Jersey” James J. Braddock (Russe, Crowe). A heavy weight boxing superstar affected greatly by the stock market crash in 1929, as shown by a panning shot from a dressing table decorated with a wad of cash: $850 cash in winnings from his bought, various pieces of jewellery, perfumes and silver photo frames. Fading to black then panning back over the table now stripped bare of its bling showing the transition to poverty. But one important thing remains, photos of his family. This is used to show how Braddock values the importance of family and support in tough times.

Ron Howard uses the emotional power of lighting to signify the change in times. When James was fighting in Madison Square Garden at the top of his game the colours around him were vibrant with non-diegetic music in the background signifying these are happy times. However, when the stock market crashed, and the Great Depression hit Braddock continues to box to survive and support his family barely making $30 a bout. Colour is still present here but is dull. This soon taken away as his fighting licence is suspended on the pretence of fighting with a broken hand, the film colour palette goes to dark greys, whites and blacks to signify the struggle, sadness and the death of hope. Even in depressing times with the sudden news of no job or income, Braddock is supported by his wife, Mae (Renee Zellweger) and kids bringing a smile to his face. He has gone from super star to nobody, yet with support he fights on in hopes of his situation getting better.

Threatened with moving his children to wealthier relatives Braddock goes the docks in search of work, himself and other men looking for jobs are seen through the bared gates of the docks in a dull high angle shot to show their vulnerability as prisoners to poverty. He manages to find work at the docks where we meet Mike Wilson (Pad Considine), the two men of opposing political views but none the less good friends. As the amount of positions available on the dock decreases and the children get sick Mae, James’s wife sends the kids to her relatives creating conflict between the two which highlights the subservient role of women in the society. To get his children back he humiliates and emasculates himself when he goes cap in hand to fighting committee and to the relief office to beg for money to pay the utility bills, sacrificing his pride for his children.

Through support of his friend and ex-fighting manager, Joe Gould (Paul Giamatti) finds him a last-minute position in a well-paying fight, a sign of hope, a shining light despite darkness. Hope is resurrected. He thanks him and is grateful as he understands “not many people get a second chance”. As the underdog James is unlikely to win but scores a surprising knock out. From this his friend supports Braddock and persuades the promoter to allow him to fight as the publicity from the underdog will be extensive. Described as Cinderella man for James Braddock’s comeback of fairy-tale nature, he became emblematic and the sign of hope for all the impoverished and jobless community. With the colour gradually returning to the fill it is used to signify the return of hope to New York’s poor community. James having the support of the entirety of New York, his family and close friends. With this support he goes on to win the heavy weight title, pay back the relief office and buy a house, where he raised the kids and live with his wife Mae Happily ever after.

A text exploring similar values, Of Mice and Men is a novella carefully constructed around the two evident underlying themes: a fear of loneliness and dream of acceptance, security and love in an otherwise merciless and bleak era, The Great Depression. Loneliness is emphasised and explored upon with Steinbeck’s novel through the nomadic lifestyle that Main character George and Lennie are a part of. The theme of loneliness is first introduced whilst the duo spends their last night of freedom by the edge of pool described in colourful detail to signify the happiness in the moment. The last night of freedom. It is introduced through vernacular dialogue between the two characters “Guys like us, that work on ranches, are the loneliest guys in the world. They got no family. They don’t belong no place.” (Episode 1, pg. 15) to bring to light the lifestyle that they are a part of, not by choice but a run of bad luck. There is no sense of belonging as they move from ranch to ranch across country in search of seasonal work, never settling down. But they have each other “(George) With us it ain’t like that. We got a future. We got somebody to talk to that gives a damn about us …

… (Lennie) because I got you to look after me, and you got me to look after you.” (Episode 1, pg. 15). As George and Lennie are introduced to the ranches bunkhouse the farm is described in dull dark colours, signifying the entrapment George and Lennie are feeling, the loss of freedom. The two friends seek comfort in each other’s presence, their friendship forming a boundary keeping loneliness out. It’s a relationship that baffles their fellow ranch hands as it goes against the norms of their culture “Ain’t many guys travel around together… I don’t know why. Maybe ever’body in the whole damn world is scared of each other” (Episode 2, pg.36). As readers learn of the ‘hot water’ Lennie got the duo into and how George protected him by going on the run with Lennie, Steinbeck has beautifully used their second chance, desolate situation and their loyalty to one another to show the power of friendship in such difficult times.

The hope of owning a bit of land is used as inspiration for main character Lennie and George, a light at the end of the tunnel. A place of acceptance and belonging. This dream that is commonly shared between Lennie and George, two friends against the world, is used to keep their imagination and spirits alive. Readers see the power of a dream when it brings a smile and joyful laughter to the face of Lennie. George, a man, “quick … with restless eyes and sharp strong features” (Episode 1, pg. 4) uses the dream to control Lennie’s physical power and childlike mentality. The friendship cleverly shown as a father and son relationship by George’s superiority and control over the impulsive, slow and childlike Lennie shown by his tendency to stroke soft things like mice and accidentally kill them with his superior strength.

We see the power of dreams. As George and Lennie’s aspirations to acquire their own land are brought to the attention of the two loneliest guys of the ranch: the black stable buck, Crooks and the old kitchen swamper, Candy. As the four men plan to chip in for the cost and the money is available it is in this moment the devastated economy is brought to the reader’s attention as George finds excitement in the possibility of being able to purchase the land in the near future “That’d be four fifty. I bet we could swing her for that … Jesus Christ! I Bet we could swing her” (Episode 3, pg. 60).

In this moment characters are overjoyed as the seemingly eluding dream is within grasp. However, the dream is destroyed by the cyclic nature of Lennie’s actions, perhaps caused by his childlike intellect and lower level of understanding as he “done a bad thing”. The novel of cyclic nature begins where it ends, the climax was used to show the friendship between then pair as Lennie who has killed Curley’s wife is offered a merciful way out as George humanly kills him at the edge of the pool they first stumbled upon in episode one. He does this a display of mercy and true friendship saving him from a painful death as Curley had described. George sends him off with a smile on his face as they reminisce the thought of the farm, George hangs his head in sad acceptance of the deed as the hope dies with Lennie. George will go on to work on the ranch for years to come, Lennie achieved the dream, reaching the light at the end of the tunnel.

Without hope humanity is lost, the world becomes a cruel and twisted place. But mans ability to hope and fight loneliness in times of despair is their ability to survive. Like George and Lennie Hope is ruined as Lennie hurts Curley’s wife and their situation never improves, Lennie is dead, and hopeless George is left lonely with a heavy conscience. Comparing the two texts from the great depression audiences see that unlike the duo from the country, city boy Braddock maintains hope and has support from loved ones which is the light that saves him from darkness.

The Hope America Provides For All

America is the most immigrated country in the world, taking in over a million immigrants each year. The history of the United States and the monumental figures that fill the government shoes have formed hope for the future. People like Abe Lincoln for example and his hopeful speeches in some dark times in our country, like the Gettysburg Address and the Emancipation Proclamation. The Civil War was a huge hope provider with the North seeing what was wrong in our country and fighting for it. The South was in the wrong in wanting to keep slavery but the North fought for abolishing it. We have things in place like the Bill of Rights and the Constitution to protect and preserve our rights. America is the epitome of a country that provides hope, and will continue to provide hope in the future.

Immigrants are the perfect explanation to how America provides hope. People pour into America in such significant numbers that they come here for a reason. All of these people see a future here in America that lures them here to seek a better life. They come from struggles like tyrannical governments and scarce food supplies to seek better education and job opportunities here in the United States. A german immigrant stated, “he can already read pretty well, and I hope he’ll take a shine to learning so he won’t have to do any heavy work.” (Immigrants). America provides hope by giving those who come here a better life, education, and opportunity to be successful.

Ellis Island was a major immigration entry point from 1892 to 1954 in the United States. This is a significant hope provider because people funneled into America through that one point. Ellis Island provides hope because it was a place where people came into America to start a new life. Once those people reached Ellis Island they were starting a whole new life. It may have been a struggle to get there and a struggle from where they came from but those struggles were overcame to start a new life for their family. “Ellis Island was the major U.S. point of entry for immigrants coming to America across the Atlantic Ocean.” (Benson). Ellis Island provided hope for tons of people in America and set a final gate for people coming into America to cross.

The Civil War was one of the most monumental wars in the World. The North wanted to abolish slavery and the South wanted to keep it. Their differences of opinions caused a war between the split halves of America. This war was very significant for America because slavery was wrong and inhumane and the North noticed that and fought and won. America noticed what was wrong and and against our common moral values and fixed it for the better of the people. The North noticed and said, “would recognize slavery as an evil that should be discouraged and eventually abolished.” (Stauffer). When slaves were in distress and in pain, the North noticed that and provided hope for those people who had no hope before.

America had many monumental figures that changed the United States for the better. Abe Lincoln for example was one of America’s greatest figures. The Emancipation Proclamation given by President Lincoln was during one of America’s toughest times. Lincoln gave this speech in hopes to strive towards ending slavery and the Civil War. This was significant in ending one of America’s biggest nationwide issue and creating peace between the two sides. Lincoln provided hope for everyone in the United States as well as the former slaves who now gained some freedom. “the proclamation marked an important step in his eventual support of complete emancipation.” (Phelps). This huge issue in the United States was able to be resolved with Lincoln’s character and leadership. Lincoln is the epitome of an American leader who created hope for all.

Along with the Emancipation Proclamation was the Gettysburg Address. Like the Emancipation Proclamation, the Gettysburg Address was presented by Abe Lincoln. The Gettysburg Address was given after a bloody battle during the Civil War. After many deaths President Lincoln made this speech to provide hope to America. This was so important to the morale of Americans. They felt empowered after feeling defeated with this war Americans vs Americans. America was struggling with all these deaths and lost lives of Americans but Lincoln by giving the Gettysburg Address ended all of this and provided hope to Americans by stopping them from killing each other. “Lincoln’s brief Gettysburg address became a cornerstone of American expression of the nation’s ideals, mission, and patriotism.” (Simon). Lincoln throughout his speeches defined America, and created a role model for people for years to follow.

Many people argue that America needs Anti-Immigration laws. People think that because we have traumatic events in our country like Pearl Harbor and 9/11 that those groups of people need to be banned from coming to America. These people believe that, “Such laws usually contain provisions that have the effect of discouraging or prohibiting certain classes of persons from immigrating.” (Anti-Immigration). Just because a few individuals harm America doesn’t mean that we should ban the whole group of the ethnicity from coming to the United States. This reason is why we have thorough background checks and red flags. People get checked for years to see their background and stuff before they come here. America was built by immigrants, including the nationwide most known building, the white house, so why try to ban who built the country we now know today.

America is the world’s symbol of hope. People from all over the globe wait years to come to America. This all started back at Ellis Island where these people started to funnel into America for the opportunities provided. These opportunities and freedoms came from these significant role models and leaders America had like Abe Lincoln. Throughout his work like the Gettysburg Address and the Emancipation Proclamation he provided hope in some of America’s hardest times like the Civil War. The Civil War was hard for America mainly because it was fought in this country and Americans were killing Americans. However this struggle was overcome and the slaves were freed. America overcomes and adapts to fit the needs of the people in and coming to America and that is the ideal hope provider.

America was built by immigrants as was the nation’s capital of Washington D.C and the White House. There are always jobs available for anyone in or coming into the country. With new inventions people were able to travel, expand, and have new opportunities. Also the Homestead Act helped anyone who expanded westward to get free land and start a new life. Westward expansion and Industrialization provided hope for immigrants which helped them attain the American Dream.

Jobs were always available in the United States for immigrants. Irish were escaping potato famine and came here and got jobs, although they weren’t the easiest jobs the irish were still able to escape the potato famine and work here in America (Hanagan). Chinese immigrants fled to the United States for the market in the West and opportunities working on the railroad (‘Immigration, History and Effects of.’ ). Immigrants from Eastern and Southern Europe also came to America for the job opportunities during Industrialization even doing back breaking work because they believe America provides more hope than where they came from as they escaped problems from their previous countries (“Industrialization.”). Hope was provided to immigrants with the job opportunities available for everyone.

With more and more new inventions it began to get easier to travel and be successful helping immigrants when they come into America. Transportation inventions like the steam engine that helped power transportation systems helped goods get around the country faster and with less work rather than using horse and wagon (“Industrial Revolution.”). The Telegraph gets invented which helps messages to be sent to other people quicker and more efficiently helping people communicate for better job opportunities (“Industrial Revolution Timeline.”). The Spinning Jenny helps de seed cotton faster and helped machinery to expand and cotton to be produced at a faster rate (‘Key Inventions…’). The new inventions in America helped create a more efficient work rate and created better transportation and job opportunities.

The Homestead Act helped anyone who expanded westward to get free land and start a new life here in America. The Homestead Act helped people with financial trouble to move out west and get land for free where they don’t need money (“Homestead Act of 1862.”). The Homestead Act also helped people working in hard laboring jobs to move out west and work off of your own land for yourself (Grow). If an immigrant had nothing they could still move out west and claim land where they can start a whole new life (“Homestead Act of 1862 Westward expansion.”). The homestead act helped immigrants who had nothing or were working hard jobs move out west and live off their land for free (“Homestead Act of 1862.”). The Homestead Act helped immigrants who had nothing or were working hard jobs move out west and live off their land for free.

Some may argue that America doesn’t provide hope for all. The opposition might say that the jobs provided by America are laboring and hard to do. I disagree with the opposition because these immigrants are escaping famine and are starving to come here where they get food and have opportunities to get money instead of starving (“Industrialization.”).Also some might argue that the new inventions didn’t help anyone in America. The opposition is incorrect because transportation allowed people to go all over the country and sell their goods to anyone and the telegraph helped people to communicate easier which helped businesses (“US Immigration…”). Also the opposition argues that the homestead act didn’t help anyone because they had to work off the land. They had to work off the land and got to keep their own crops which is better than being poor and having nothing, you’re getting free land as long as you just move out there and claim the land (‘Homestead Act of 1862.’). With job opportunities, new inventions helping people to advance in their business and transportation advancing, and free land for anyone who moves out west, there’s no disputing the hope immigrants in America have.

Any immigrant moving into America have limitless hope and opportunities. The job opportunity whether it’s laboring or not helps people to earn money. Transportation and technology advances helping both individuals and businesses grow and prosper. Anyone in time of struggle could move out west for a new life. Anyone leaving their country for whatever reason can come to America for a new life with the hope America offers.

From the homestead act to the immigration in today’s society, hope is always provided. The monumental figures like Abe Lincoln helped form this great hopeful nation for all.

Works Cited

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