A Comparison Of Roman – Aeneid And Greece – Odyssey Poems Free Essay

The best epic poems from Greece and Rome are The Odyssey by Homer and The Aeneid by Virgil. Several works produced in the ancient world helped the contemporary and ancient worlds get off to a good start. Some of the most exceptional literary works that provide light on ancient life are The Odyssey and The Aeneid. Virgil and Homer wrote these outstanding poems, and scholars have utilized them for ages. There are significant parallels and distinctions between Homer’s Odyssey and Virgil’s Aeneid. Poems from these writers have persisted for many years. The writers of these epic poems are aware of how the beliefs of that specific civilization and the ancient culture were impacted.

According to legend, Homer wrote the Odyssey and the Iliad while blind. Since Homer has no bibliography, it is a reality that little is known about him. Homer is said to have been born in the 12th century B.C. and passed away in the 8th. Even though virtually little is known about the actual Homer, his poetry significantly impacted Western society. While some academics maintain that Homer was a single individual, others contend that the poets collectively recognized by that name composed these writings (Currie). The claim that storytelling was an oral tradition and that Homer collected and remembered these tales via recitation is used to refute the group concept. Whatever the case, Homer was an important figure in ancient history, and the Odyssey is an epic poem that researchers in the future will cite.

The Odyssey is divided into twenty-four books and was written by Homer in the fifth century B.C. It tells the story of the Trojan Battle’s aftermath and the war hero Odysseus’ return home. The word “Odyssey” alludes to a protracted and adventurous voyage that serves to illustrate the actual Odyssey. What, exactly, did Odysseus accomplish that caused Homer to record his journey in writing? Ithica stayed behind with several powerful men and twelve ships as Odysseus headed out to battle in Troy. Odysseus began the arduous voyage home after defeating Troy, which proved to be an arduous journey. Both the gods and the goddesses often used divine intervention. Odysseus had enraged several gods ever since he devised a strategy to utilize the Trojan horse, which resulted in Troy’s triumph (Wilson). The powerful storms, the tough decisions that Odysseus has to make while travelling, and the encounter with enticing sirens serve as the narration for the epic poem Odyssey. On his journey back home, Odysseus had to make several stops, and at each one, he encountered a unique set of issues (Perkell). But the goddess Athena was always there to provide him with much-needed defence until he got to his house. Athena disguised Odysseus as a beggar upon his return home and assisted in reuniting him with his lover Telemachus. Odysseys joined the competition to string a bow while it was still hidden by shooting it through a tiny hoop. Odysseus was the one who was able to draw the bow and kill all other suitors. He disclosed his identity after winning, got married, and went on to have a happy life together. Odyssey is an epic poem that is ageless and inextricably entwined with history; this much is certain. It keeps telling stories from antiquity.

Publius Maro Vergilius, most often referred to as Virgil in English, was born in a northern Italian town close to Mantua around 70 B.C. Known for his epic poetry, The Aeneid, he had popularity during the reign of Augustus Cesar. Greek and Roman poets were studied by Virgil when he was a student at schools in Cremona, Milan, and Rome. When Augustus Cesar became the emperor in 31 B.C., the civil conflicts he grew up in concluded. He experienced a level of horror from these civil conflicts that most people don’t, and in that fear, poetry flourished. In 49 B.C., Virgil had to leave his home due to the civil war, and he journeyed to Naples to start his literary career (Perkell). His contributions gained him notoriety, and he rose to prominence in the Roman Empire. His writings continue to influence poets and authors throughout the globe today, and they will continue to do so in the years to come. Virgil wanted the unfinished Aeneid to be burned when he passed away in 19 B.C. We learn about ancient Rome’s history due to Cesar Augustus’ intervention.

There are several striking parallels between the Aneid and the Odyssey. The first step is to divide this epic poetry into distinct volumes. The challenges that military heroes face as they travel and conquer obstacles brought on by the gods and goddesses are also described in these writings. When Odysseus gouged Polyphemus, the father of Poseidon, in the eye with a pointed plank in the Odyssey, Poseidon took offence (Maclennan). Throughout his trip, Athena supports Odysseus and helps him endure its horrors. The goddess Juno, who despises the Trojans for Venus being chosen over Minerva in a beauty contest, is also shown to resent Aeneas in the Aeneid. Like Athena did for Odysseus, Aeneas’ mother, Venus, supports him on his trip. Another connection between the two works is that both Odysseus and Aeneas are members of royalty, with Odysseus ruling Ithaca and Aeneas ruling Troy (Perkell). The striking similarity between the two epic poems’ structures demonstrates the ability of two poets from disparate locations to convey what they know to the world.

The Odyssey and the Aeneid have many parallels, yet they also vary significantly in a number of ways. These epic poems vary from other poetry in many ways, including the conclusion. There is a pleasant conclusion in the Odyssey. Odysseus arrives at his house and reclaims it from the would-be suitors who had attempted to seize his wife and estate. In the Aeneid, Aeneas endured torturous battles and lost his loved ones. Another significant distinction between the two works is that whereas Aeneas was predestined to carry the voyage, Odysseus freely decided to do it. We learn that the gods have various names after reading each epic poem. You can see that the gods are the same, but when Virgil wrote the Aeneid, he wanted to give it his unique style, and altering the gods’ names was a simple way to do so. Finally, the tones of the tales vary from one another. The optimism that permeates each of the books of The Odyssey makes it a lighter, brighter poetry (Currie). The Aeneid has a considerably darker tone regarding the miseries of battle. As one can see, there are numerous distinctions between Homer’s Odyssey and Virgil’s Aeneid, and each contributes to illuminating the various civilizations in which each work was produced.

Works Cited

Currie, Bruno. “The Iliad, the Odyssey, and narratological intertextuality.” Symbolae Osloenses 93.1 (2019): 157-188.

Maclennan, Keith. Virgil: Aeneid VI. Bloomsbury Publishing, 2016.

Perkell, Christine. “A COMMENTARY ON VERGIL, AENEID 3. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017. Pp. xii+ 327, maps. isbn 9780198727811 (bound); 9780198727828 (paper).£ 80.00 (bound);£ 22.95.” The Journal of Roman Studies 109 (2019): 405-407.

Wilson, Emilly. Homer. The Odyssey, 2018.

A Gap In Equity Related To Mental Health Access For Veterans Essay Example

Gap In The Healthcare Delivery

Despite having a workforce of doctors who are highly trained and specialized, the United States nevertheless has care gaps throughout the country. One of the most frequently mentioned shortages in primary care and mental health. At the same time, there are severe shortages across many other fields, especially in rural locations (Gaps in Equity Related to Mental Health Access for Veterans | Healthcare Essay Example, n.d.). Due to the extreme intensity of the labor that veterans have performed and the variety of adverse effects, ensuring improved outcomes in the mental health field is among the most critical healthcare priorities (Cheney et al., 2018). The particular gap that health specialists need to explore has to do with how little the healthcare industry is doing to meet the mental health needs of veterans. American veterans have comparatively high rates of emotional stress and mental diseases, particularly those who took part in the most recent wars, such as Afghanistan and Iraq. Therefore, reducing the obstacles that prevent people from receiving mental health care is crucial to eradicating disadvantages that worsen the situation for a group of people who are already at a disadvantage.


Insufficient emphasis on the mental health requirements of the military is a result of counselors’ inadequate comprehension of what battle entails. Since the end of World War II, the demand for services in mental health that could lessen the trauma they endured during combat has grown. Nevertheless, veterans also had to deal with reconstructing their families and overcoming socioeconomic obstacles. The target demographic has faced the repercussions of posttraumatic stress disorder in veterans of Afghanistan and Iraq (Gaps in Equity Related to Mental Health Access for Veterans | Healthcare Essay Example, n.d.). Lack of employment and inadequate support in education are the leading issues of significant priority compared to enhancing mental health wellness. As a result of slowing the development of psychological well-being due to other difficulties, the problem of disparities in mental health care for veterans has historically arisen. Since few veterans seek assistance as they struggle with other life concerns, the lack of focus on the issue has been evident for decades.

Socioeconomic Background

Despite the notion that military services are meant to help overcome adversity in those who serve their countries, mental health problems are prevalent. People join the military for various reasons, including their desire to uphold their country, monetary support, educational advantages, and family traditions. Additionally, many candidates are recent high school graduates with “low career prospects who chose military duty as a means of finding employment and gaining some skills for future occupations. However, many people do not realize that war is a multifaceted experience that entails physical and emotional stress (Gaps in Equity Related to Mental Health Access for Veterans | Healthcare Essay Example, n.d.). Modern military turns to suicide and injure themselves with an explosive device as a solution. Many veterans experience social isolation after leaving the military and face uncertain employment prospects, which reduces their quality of life and possibilities. These results demonstrate the importance of paying close attention to veterans’ mental health because ignoring their needs will only worsen the issue.

Healthcare Affected by the Gap

The target population is negatively affected by the destructive psychological disorders that arise due to the gaps in access to mental health care. They identified 11–20 out of every 100 former soldiers (11–20%) who took part in Operations Iraqi Freedom (OIF) and Enduring Freedom (OEF). Additionally, according to the survey, 12% of veterans experienced the illness due to their participation in a war. However, according to the U.S. Department of V.A., “around 30% of Vietnam veterans have PTDS” at some point in their lives (Gaps in Equity Related to Mental Health Access for Veterans | Healthcare Essay Example, n.d.). According to statistics, military personnel encounter conditions in warfare that lead to serious mental problems. These mental illnesses are major contributors to diabetes as well as hypertension. Veterans’ declining physical and mental health underscores the critical need for appropriate policies to balance the supply and demand for services. Additionally, it is crucial to keep track of how the demand is changing and, if it increases rapidly, to inform the appropriate authorities of the necessity for service expansion.


The veteran community needs a high quality of life and considerable growth and development prospects for effective mental health and general well-being management. Veterans’ ability to be effective at work and school get hampered if the mental healthcare gap is not closed. Veterans who receive insufficient attention for their mental health requirements may also acquire post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). PTSD may drastically reduce veterans’ capacity to handle their healthcare requirements and seek medical attention (Gaps in Equity Related to Mental Health Access for Veterans | Healthcare Essay Example, n.d.). Additionally, homeless people are more likely to be veterans. Limited employment and educational options combined with PTSD lead to a problematic socioeconomic situation.

Existing Initiatives – Alpha Healthcare and Goal Initiatives

The goal of the current initiatives, like the APHA-initiated program, is to give medical advantages to people who have been dismissed and freed from service on the honor system. The program addresses several policy stances, including suicide prevention, mental health as an integral component of healthcare, integrity in healthcare and social services, and non-discriminatory cover of all mental therapy for veterans. The VA program aims to change the level of healthcare services criteria to increase coverage (Gaps in Equity Related to Mental Health Access for Veterans | Healthcare Essay Example, n.d.). Veterans still face restrictions regarding their eligibility for VA-related programs. For example, veterans with “50% and more of disability, and those who are jobless due to their condition, are given top consideration. Another objective of the effort is to increase the retention of V.A. health professionals by lowering their levels of fatigue and burnout, which hinder their ability to provide competent care to disadvantaged populations. The chance of guaranteeing the veterans’ mental health results increases with staff effectiveness.

Circumstances For Development

The effort was created in response to the comparatively high incidence of mental illness and trauma among U.S. veterans, with the most recent wars affecting those in Iraq and Afghanistan. The department of veteran affairs, together with the U.S. Congress, came up with a unified policy to reemphasize on the policies address the growing issue of mental health among veterans, as previously there have been no mental health rules to discourse veteran services (Gaps in Equity Related to Mental Health Access for Veterans | Healthcare Essay Example, n.d.). Because policymakers have not prioritized the problem of veterans’ mental health, the target demographic continues to have access gaps to resources.

Resources Required

Due to the problems brought on by the alarming prevalence of staff turnover, veterans have encountered gaps in their access to mental health care. The purpose of APHA and other programs is to assist veterans in bettering their mental health and expanding service coverage. However, there are scarce resources needed to accomplish initiatives objectives. Personnel is the first classification of resources necessary to accomplish the initiative objective (Gaps in Equity Related to Mental Health Access for Veterans | Healthcare Essay Example, n.d.). It is also essential to lower burnout and fatigue among the medical professionals in charge of the sensitive population. Therefore, a systematic lack of non-human and human resources that could assist in the delivery of prevention strategies is to blame for disparities in access to mental healthcare—the second classification of resources necessary in finance. The rationale behind the statement is that when the population undergoes economic tension, in the population results in mental illnesses, substance abuse, and deaths.


Veterans need to raise their out-of-pocket expenditure on services to make the necessary progress (Gaps in Equity Related to Mental Health Access for Veterans | Healthcare Essay Example, n.d.). There is a need to improve APHA initiatives since it cannot provide free coverage for all veterans (Gaps in Equity Related to Mental Health Access for Veterans | Healthcare Essay Example, n.d.). Since a lack of staff constraints on the project and high turnover rates brought on by compassion fatigue, many American veterans suffering from mental health difficulties cannot acquire insurance coverage or pay for services independently.

Current Regulations

The claimed ineffectiveness of the current approaches to closing entry gaps for mental health care necessitates regulating the issue. Health technologies are now part of overcoming mental illnesses, specifically PSTD (Cheney et al., 2018). This solution’s significance may be related to the fact that it eliminates the communication gap between veterans and service providers by utilizing low-tech tools that will improve interactions, provide new resources, and raise awareness. E-Health value of the assets from one-on-one calls for patients and healthcare professionals to online chat rooms for treatment support. Using the technologies can provide direction for managing symptoms, which is essential for the continuous treatment of mental illness problems. Due to their broad applicability in various situations, programs that utilize technologies are crucial for developing a broader coverage of mental health support for veterans.


Veterans now do not get the best mental health care possible. The ability of the ACA and V.A. to treat the core psychological issues veterans experience due to exposure to traumatic and dangerous experiences is restricted. Veterans are subject to various barriers when trying to get the mental health care they need, from high employee turnover rates brought on by compassion fatigue to restrictions on treatment eligibility under the ACA. As a result of the changes from the insurance company that has resulted in reduced funding towards the veterans, it calls for special attention.


Cheney, A. M., Koenig, C. J., Miller, C. J., Zamora, K., Wright, P., Stanley, R., … & Pyne, J. M. (2018). Veteran-centered barriers to V.A. mental healthcare services use. BMC health services research, 18(1), 1–14.

Gaps in Equity Related to Mental Health Access for Veterans | Healthcare Essay Example. (n.d.). Assignology. Retrieved November 28, 2021, from https://assignology.com/gaps-in-equity-related-to-mental-health-access-for-veterans/

The U.S. Constitution Essay Example For College

The Constitution was a revolutionary document that limited the people’s power. It was created to restrain the newly formed democracy in America. Patrick Henry feared that the Constitution would be a conservative document restraining the “democracy” unleashed by the Revolution. This is not what happened, however. Instead, it was a revolutionary document that placed limits on the power of the people. The Framers of the Constitution were not conservatives; they were revolutionaries who wanted to change things. They were trying to create something better than what they had before: an actual democracy with power vested in citizens instead of kings and aristocrats. In its time, the Constitution was quite radical. It established a new form of government that opposed the old monarchy and aristocracy system. The Constitution also created a national regime with authority to regulate commerce and tax, which had never been seen before in America; this was a direct challenge to state sovereignty.

The Constitution was revolutionary because it sought to restrain democracy. The framers of the Constitution wanted to ensure that popular democracy did not get out of hand, so they created a system of checks and balances that would limit the power and prevent one branch from having too much control over another. The framers also created a system of representation in which each state had an equal number of representatives in Congress, which meant that even if a state had more people than another, they could not vote more than once. It established a new system of government and, in doing so, created a strong central power that would be able to regulate trade and commerce. Before the Constitution was ratified, there was no national government with this sort of power; each state had its system of law and trade regulations that differed from state to state.

The Constitution also established a system of checks and balances between the three distinct departments of government: the judicial branch, the executive branch (represented by the President), and the legislative branch (represented by Congress) (Supreme Court). Each branch has certain powers that are exclusive to it (Bodenhamer, p.30-41). The President may veto laws approved by Congress; Congress may override vetoes with a two-thirds majority of votes; Supreme Court justices can declare laws unconstitutional—but they also share some powers: each branch can impeach members of the branch must approve appointments made by another branch. This structure ensures that no individual or organization can exercise excessive influence over others without first getting approval from a different branch of government.

Moreover, it can be argued that this was also a conservative document. It limited the powers of Congress and other branches of government so that no one could become too powerful and abuse their power. Moreover, it preserved some of the existing structure from state governments under the Articles of Confederation. This included incorporating ideas from state constitutions into federal ones (such as Jefferson’s notion that “all men are created equal”(Collier, p.19-28). It gave many powers to institutions other than Congress and gave citizens only a few rights. For instance, under the Constitution’s Article I, Section 8, Congress has only thirty-one powers listed, while states have seventeen powers listed. In addition, Article VI Section 2 states, “no religious Test shall ever be required as a Qualification to any Office or public Trust under the United States.” This implies that there cannot be any religious restrictions on running for office in America. Even though there were no religious requirements for holding office at this time, religion still played an essential role in politics.

In summary, some Founders may have thought it restrained democracy; others who were more familiar with history knew better. The Constitution was designed to maintain American freedom while defending our rights from abuse by those in positions of authority. The Constitution was a compromise between these two groups: it provided for both democratic elections and limited government power. Additionally, it is safeguarded against domestic and foreign authorities violating a person’s freedom of expression and religion.

Works Cited

Bodenhamer, David J. The US Constitution: a concise introduction. Vol. 566. Oxford University Press, 2018.

Collier, Jarvis L. A Perfect Union. Page Publishing Inc, 2022.