A Jury Of Her Peers Essay Sample Essay

Even though Susan Glaspell’s “A Jury of Her Peers” is a brief piece of literature, it is tightly packed with meaning from start to finish. Symbols are utilized throughout the story to convey a range of different concepts. One of the story’s recurring themes is the idea of losing one’s childhood innocence (Glaspell, 5). This central topic runs through everything that happens in the book, from the plot twists to the characters’ motivations. Martha Hale withholds facts that might prove to be a contributing reason to Minnie Wright’s murder of her husband John in Susan Glaspell’s novel “A Jury of Her Peers”. Men in the story attack the housekeepers of Mrs. Wright’s house once they arrive, and Mrs. Hale defends herself. Mrs. Hale feels sorry for Mrs. Wright since she has met her and her husband and knows how Mr. Wright was while he was alive. Mrs. Hale, who hasn’t visited in over a year and thinks she should have done more, is overcome with emotion as she tells the story. When Mrs. Hale learned that the bird symbolized their marriage, she felt a deep sense of responsibility to protect and support Mr. and Mrs. Wright’s daughter (Glaspell, 7). It tackles the battle for equality among women, men’s assumption that males are somehow superior to women, and the force of a connection established by women who are weary of being subordinate to men in A Jury of Her Peers

As a literary device, the loss of innocence may be used to explain a character’s past or explain a character’s motivation. Using “A Jury of Her Peers” as an example, it is used for both. This is a recurring topic in the work, and it is shown through a number of significant symbols. The first time Minnie wears her favorite gowns is when the two ladies go shopping for them. When Mrs. Hale saw Wright, she gasped, bringing up a worn black skirt that had undergone a remarkable transformation. “To me, it explains why she was so private at first. When you’re not feeling well, it’s difficult to have fun, so maybe she didn’t want to be bothered (Glaspell, 15). When she was Minnie Foster, one of the town ladies in the chorus, she loved dressing up and having a good time. However, it was more than twenty years ago.” It is stated that Minnie’s loss of innocence, as well as the loss of her previous personality, is represented by the attire. Eventually, the two women come upon the bird cage again later in the book and bring up the matter once again. Immediately after Minnie’s declaration that she was “kind of like a bird,” Mrs. Hale and the children set out to find out what had become of the bird. Even though it is moving in timid, fluttered manners, the bird is delicate and beautiful. ‘Could you perhaps explain to me how she has progressed?’” Minnie’s seclusion from the outside world, which started with her birth, is symbolized by the cage she is kept in.

They must first locate this sign in order to go to the most important symbol in this story: the dragon. The bird’s cage, to which Mrs. Hale compares Minnie at one point in the novel, serves as a metaphor for Minnie’s innocence and the ultimate obstacle standing between her and happiness at another time in the story. When taken into consideration, the ladies’ discovery of the bird’s ringed neck provides a clear explanation for the whole situation. At this stage, a critical indicator has been developed, and it is a bird. Minnie’s long journey of losing her innocence comes to an end with the death of the bird, and the tale comes to a close (happiness). It also represents a watershed moment. Minnie, in reaction to the death of the bird, murdered her husband (most likely in self-defense) in an act of retaliation (Glaspell, 1). The bird represents both the reason for Minnie’s (reported) murder of her husband John and the method by which she (supposedly) did it. They were eventually able to comprehend what had occurred that night: “killing a person while they were sleeping sliding something around their neck and choking them to death,” they said. It is suggested that Mr. Wright’s death by hanging is analogous to the stress-induced bird’s neck shown in the book. It is Minnie who uses the phrase “innocence (bird)” as a metaphor for the suffering she wishes her husband to experience. The literary depth of this narrative would be much diminished if the bird were not included.

A multiplicity of symbols are used in Susan Glaspell’s “A Jury of Her Peers” to represent the many issues that it discusses, the most significant of which is the loss of innocence, in order to depict the various themes. It is the choice of this subject that emphasizes the gravity of what transpired in Minnie Foster’s house. A lack of this would make it impossible for the reader to discern the genuine meaning of what has been written.

Work cited

Glaspell, Susan. “A jury of her peers.” Images of Women in Literature (1917): 370-85.

A Kind Of Revolution Sample Paper

Zinn Howard’s book A People’s History of the United States has, over time, become a sensation to historians. Over the years, history has mainly focused on the role of the founding fathers and the colonial elites in the American Revolution war. For instance, it has overlooked the contribution of minority groups, including women, freed slaves, and foreign workers to the attainment of independence and democracy for America and their social welfare post-independence. Zinn, in his novel, captures detailed historical events of the aftermaths of the revolutionary war in an entire chapter. Historically, revolutionary war is one of the greatest things to ever happen to America. Zinn names chapter five A kind of revolution because he believes the true revolution is that which is achieved by the revolt of the masses against injustices and oppression.

In chapter five, Zinn provides a detailed discussion of the American Revolution and how the formation of the American government was actualized. He uses the chapter to show the importance of their participation in the war. Many working-class whites and minority groups joined the American militia hoping that they will be fortunate. This, however, did not come to pass. Colonial elites were tasked with the burden of making decisions about the land left by the defeated Loyalists post-Revolutionary war. They largely claimed most of this land for themselves and gave a part of it to middle-class farmers who also participated in the war. Women freed slaves and foreign workers were not considered in sharing of the property (Zinn, 2012). The revolution did not benefit the poor in better social welfare and in fact, oppressed them even more.

Class conflict came in, and the poor resented the rich. This conflict came in due to the non-improvement of welfare among the poor despite their contribution to the war. In retaliation, they went on uprisings against the elites and staged mutinies all over America (Zinn, 2012). Through these forces of protest and rebellions, constitutional changes came about as a result of people’s push.

In the interview on bill Moyers’s journals, Zinn Howard uses the platform to give more insight and emphasize the importance of individual participation in the push for social change. In the interview, Zinn uses “the people speak,” which is an adaptation from his book, through actors, singers, and speakers bringing to live voices of protests from America’s past that shaped the present liberties and democracy. The title “A Kind Of Revolution” is referenced in the interview through what Zinn quotes as ” Change that leaders themselves are not likely to initiate” he links changes that leaders and government have made to the social movements by individuals and activists (Moyer, nd).

The connection of Zinn’s title “A Kind Of Revolution” in the George Plaza interview is brought when George states that the Latin community was a neglected lot in terms of the development of welfare and social amenities. This was despite the Latin community being well represented in both the upper and lower house. Powershift connects the improvement of welfare for the Latinos through activism. George gives examples like the “immigration movement” and demonstrates the importance of activists calling for the government to pay attention to Latino issues and eventually how their revolts shifted power back to the people. This is similar to Howard Zinn’s “A Kind Of Revolution” idea that the true revolution is the one that challenges the status quo by the people pushing for change (Brown, 2021).

The title “A Kind of Revolution” for this chapter was, therefore, Zinn Howard’s way of demonstrating that regardless of how history tells on the American Revolution as a war won by the founding fathers for the independence of America, the actual revolution is one that is orchestrated by the masses pushing for their rights against injustices and oppression by the elite in the thrive to look out for their welfare at the expenses of the low-class citizens. It is the push by the masses that bring on political changes that Howard calls “Change that leaders themselves are not likely to initiate.”


“Questioning Brown Power .” Youtube, Buelna News, 18 Sept. 2021, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yaWrFCHbRt8.

The Bill Moyer interview: https://vimeo.com/33239792

Zinn, H. (2012). A People’s History of the United States: teaching edition. eBookIt. com.

A Literary Analysis Of The Works Of Francis Scott Fitzgerald Sample College Essay


Despite the tumultuous nature of his life experiences and a life filled with the unexpected, Francis Scott Fitzgerald rose above all to become one of the greatest ever authors ever in English literature due to his unique style and techniques that attracted people towards his writings and endeared them to him. He redefined and laid a foundation for a new writing style. Most of his writings had been a crucial reflection of his actual true-life encounters and experiences. He presented them with an allegorical quality that made them pleasing and accurate. His novels and stories often portrayed aspects of mental illnesses, marital problems, materialism, and alcoholism that are minor plots portrayed clearly. He often relayed his message through similes, rhetoric, diction, and also syntax. Fitzgerald’s ability to present and portray character traits while also using literacy devices effectively made his work unique. This study examines the style and literacy depiction of Fitzgerald and portrays doer the rest of his life and the narratives written by him.


The beloved nature of the work of Fitzgerald also originates from the high intellect that he portrayed in his works. He had once remarked that ” the test of a first rate intelligence is the ability to hold two opposed ideas in mind at the same time, and still retain the ability to function.” (Antolin, 112). This effect was portrayed in his works, including The Great GatsbyTender is the Night, and also the unfinished novel The Last Tycoon. The double vision intellect perspective portrays itself in most of Fitzgerald’s work and makes it stand out. He had a way of enabling the reader to be emotionally attached in a sensual ecstasy yet still retain the ability to stand back and objectively criticize it on an intellectual level. Throughout his career and writings, Fitzgerald is also known to have expressed and grown this polarity increasing, developing it over subsequent books, and by the time of his last novel, there was a great difference between it and the first novel.


The major themes in the works of Fitzgerald portrayed quest for resolving conflicts or tensions where the ideas or character embodied in on the major character ( the protagonist) overshadowed the other characters and wins. This is seen throughout as in the side of Paradise, Amory Blaine is portrayed as a youthful hero with good looks and intelligence on a quest. In The Beautiful and Damned, Anthony Patch has blessed whit a beautiful wife, a multimillionaire grandfather, and is youthful. Lastly, in the Great Gatsby, Jay Gatsby possesses power had attained new heights of wealth, and has good looks. Fitzgerald had a knack for portraying some specific traits in his works. These were “good looks, physical beauty, youthfulness, wealth and also romance” (Antolin, 114). These were all opposed to age, ugliness, lost potential, and also poverty. These conflicts play a significant role in the development of his plots and how his fictional narratives play out.

Fitzgerald’s writings also differed extensively in content and popularity. This is as evidenced from his writings in the novels to his articles in the Saturday Evening Post. This was way below his status as a writer and made him ashamed to write for. One of his downfalls was marked by his collection I’d Die for you portrays a fascinating narrative with multiple stabbings at the same story. It was written at a time when Fitzgerald was at his lowest times, near the end of his life with “his wife institutionalized and the flashy lifestyle he had, having caught up to his drying up pocket.” (Breitwieser, 363) The stories had differed from what he had been initially known for as they felt “hasty and flawed.” This was against the wants of the readers during the depression that wanted cheerful tales. The earlier tales he had written had been filled with satire that had clearly depicted his talent. His earliest story I.O.U had even been run on multiple platforms, including the New Yorker and even Yale University, and he paid quite handsomely for it.

Fitzgerald’s later years were in shambles, and his writing lost the standard he had initially raised himself to. Also, many of his fictional tales featured strong young, and resourced female characters that were a rising popular figure in the 20th century. This included nurses who played subservient roles as flirtatious women who were in pursuit of eligible men. As seen in his “Offside play.” “Fitzgerald captures a young woman who is attracted to a young football star at Yale after being let down by her fiancée.” (Breitwieser, 370) Despite the hugely entertaining storyline and appeal to audiences, it was not the standard that appealed to the Saturday Evening Post. Many of his others stories and narratives would depict narrations marred with painful endings. Consequently, his journey to Hollywood too did not materialize as his attempts to incorporate action-packed scenes into his style only backfired. The struggles that Fitzgerald went through in support of his affluent lifestyle represent a struggling writer in his later years, a sharp contrast to his earlier years when his works sold off shelves in record-breaking numbers. This would also replicate after he died.

Many authors have clearly seen a divide between the early literary style that Fitzgerald portrayed and that of his later works. According to O’Toole (n.p.), the art and career-defining work of Fitzgerald is divided into two specific extremes. This is evident in the Great Gatsby, where he brought the two extremes together to light up the literature universe with one of the greatest novels of all time. The intellectual honesty that Fitzgerald portrays in Gatsby points out a core aspect that he has all along pushed against. He prompts and insists that money has its limitations. The initial view of money being a means of perfection was a perspective that he learned to later on dismiss. He had for a long time been an author that appealed to the masses by separating the power of money from the destructive power it had on the personalities of people. It was as if the moneyed autocracy he craved in his real-life had spilled over to his literary works.

Even his work, Tender Is the Night, where he was supposedly expected to reflect on the uncertainty and instability of the rich, who for him were the elite class, he still adorned them, attributing courage, honor, and inner security to them. The alluring force of money had forced him into shifting his definition of the aristocracy to the extent that it became to him a moral rather than a material state. O’Toole (n.p.) insists that his earlier novels might have had a little of this effect, but it is in his later works that the moral corruption got out of his and. His works later showed that he was a writer who had been gifted with a satiric eye but could not sustain it. His later works are filled with the display of flaws that are simply described as “carelessness and illiteracies” despite his unfailing ear for language that best makes fiction worthwhile. Fitzgerald’s works would have been itself entirely a pacesetter in American fiction had he maintained the consistency of the force he had initially.

The Great Gatsby

It would not be appropriate to analyze Fitzgerald’s literature style and work without analyzing The Great Gatsby and the influence it has on literature. Fitzgerald’s work is firmly cemented in his greatest work, The Great Gatsby. The novel was the most legendary of his works, and even before its completion, his publisher had known that it would be one of the greatest novels in shaping literature. The novel explores a war between the old rich and the new self-made riches that was the definition of the American dream. It explores an angle of the American dream that only a few have the courage to explore (Fitzgerald). However, this was marred by the rumors of precarious activities, including the possibility of illegal activities. It is an aspect that the old resistance used to justify the illegitimacy of the new rich. There is a Great War between the desire to attain change versus resistance to change. Fitzgerald is able to present them both in a manner that makes them both appealing, and the audience wants to side with both. Other great themes that are seen throughout the book include the myths of social class mobility, societal gender expectations, excess riches, and also reckless youth.

The novel’s greatest achievement was Fitzgerald’s ability to consummate and incorporate all the aspects that were the major topics of the century, including sex, cars, alcohol, the stock market, the flappers, and gangsters (Tredell). It ignores the poetic form of narration, and it adopts a prose form, a form that shapes and dictates how writing would later change to adopt from the old poetic style. This form is nonetheless capable of capturing the reader, luring them in, and not even a single line is deemed as inappropriate or not containing a proper construct. It all shapes the novels into one of the finest ever written prose forms. The events and the storytelling also reflect on a timeless aspect. It reflects on a still culture and conventional practices that are still evident today, reflecting how timeless The Great Gatsby is and will continue to be almost a century later.


Overly, the works of Fitzgerald had a significant influence over writing, and the authors of this age are greatly influenced by him. His unique style led to writers seeking to try and adapt to it as to appeal to the masses. History still recognizes his work as one of the greatest ever novels. He brought out a unique combination of fiction, narration, language, and style to develop one of the greatest ever styles that for years will continue been and serve as his greatest achievements. However, little research has been conducted over the years to establish his contributions to literature and the impact that he has had. More research would help understand and comprehend what made his style unique and what improvement can be done to revive the genre of fictional narration that has become almost phased out over the years.

Works Cited

Antolin, Pascale. “Has F. Scott Fitzgerald become a literary icon?.” Revue francaise detudes americaines 4 (2003): 111-115.

Breitwieser, Mitchell. “Jazz Fractures: F. Scott Fitzgerald and Epochal Representation.” American Literary History 12.3 (2000): 359-381.

Fitzgerald, Francis Scott.  The Great Gatsby (1925). na, 1991.

O’Toole, Mary Dolorosa. An analysis of the works of F. Scott Fitzgerald. Diss. Memorial University of Newfoundland, 1960.

Tredell, Nicolas.  F. Scott Fitzgerald: The Great Gatsby/Tender is the Night. Bloomsbury Academic, 2011.