Abortion: A Womans Choice Or An Act Of Murder Essay Example

Is abortion a choice or is it murder? Abortion is one of the most controversial subjects of this generation. A surgical procedure to end a pregnancy by removing the fetus and placentas from the uterus is another way to describe this act. This procedure is usually preformed between six or twelve weeks into a pregnancy. However, some are done later into a pregnancy. Should a fetus be considered a life while still inside the womb? Some people think that life begins at birth; but, life starts long before-life begins at conception. At eight weeks, the fetus is already very active.

Using an ultrasonic stethoscope, the heart beat can be heard. At ten weeks, hands and feet are perfectly formed. The fetus swims around and can suck its’ thumb. At fourteen weeks, the fetus is six inches long and weighs about half a pound. Eyelashes and even fine hair is growing. The fetus can hear noises outside the womb. The mother can now feel the fetus moving around and kicking. The mother is now deciding if the fetus should be aborted. Abortion is legal in this country until the day of birth.

Many people do not realize this. If people were told, they would refuse to believe this. Yet, the fact remains that a woman can legally about her baby at any time during her pregnancy. The only thing that changes their mind is the method and the cost. Since abortion has been legalized, approximately 1,500,000 babies have been aborted each year. Abortion is called a “choice.” If this is true, women should know what they are choosing.

Abortion is a very controversial subject that has been continually argued over for the past few years and probably many years to come. The main controversy is should abortion be legalized? First before we get into the many sides of abortion we must first define abortion. Abortion is the destruction of the fetus or unborn child while the child is still in the mother’s womb. This can be done by almost anyone from the mother herself to back alley abortions and even to abortions by clinics set up especially for this purpose. There are two sides to this abortion topic the PRO-LIFE which is those who are against abortion altogether and the PRO- CHOICE or those who believe it is the woman’s right to choose if she wants to have an abortion.

These two groups offer different solutions to problem. The pro-life solution is to have the child and basically live with it. They believe abortion is not an answer. The pro-choice solution is abortion because of reasons they feel are appropriate. Although abortion is morally and ethically wrong should it be legal for victims of rape or incest who have no other alternative? There is no real answer to this controversy, there are two sides to it though which have been arguing for many years over the subject.

The first is the pro-life group. This group does not believe in the abortion factor. To understand where the pro-life stands we must first understand its beliefs and reasons for its beliefs. Then we can discuss what their solution to the abortion topic is. Pro-life believes that and incest are very emotional topics. “They often elicit throughout the population feelings of revulsion; people draw back from the issue of rape and incest. People don’t know how to handle a person who is in that much pain. There is no quick fix. That is why it is difficult for even pro-life people to come to grips with the argument over abortion in cases of rape and incest.

Much of the issue of abortion has been over the debate about the morality of this procedure. The two factions involved in this controversy are often those who oppose abortion and those who are for it. A person who is Pro-life (right to life) believes that a fetus’s right to live is indisputable. A person who is Pro-choice contends that a women’s right to abortion is absolute. Both viewpoints have shaped the way abortion has been dealt with today in society. It also makes up the viewpoints of organizations, the Church, the law of the land and society itself. Research has shown that it is an issue that existed centuries ago and will continue to exist today.

For those who would like to ban abortion altogether, abortion boils down to a matter of life and death. With an abortion, the fetus dies. Without an abortion, the fetus may continue to live. Pro- choicers’ reject the fact that abortion is about killing. They believe that the issue is about a pregnant woman’s right to control her body. They argue that a fetus is a collection of cells, nothing more than a potential life. The arguments, to them, are about choice. A pregnant woman must have the ability to terminate her pregnancy if she so chooses. People consider abortion as baby killing and other’s talk about how legal abortion safeguards women’s rights. Some believe life begins at conception and others hold that the early fetus is very far from being a human. Many use poverty, fragile mental health, or concerns about deformities to justify a woman in having an abortion.

Reasons Why Abortion Should Be Legal In Our Society In America

Currently, abortion is one of the most controversial issues in our society. The 1973 supreme court ruling of Roe v. Wade allowed for women to legally obtain abortions throughout their entire pregnancy, however, conditions were put into place that allowed for states to regulate abortions during the second and third trimesters of pregnancy. As a result, the right to have an abortion is protected under the constitution’s 14th amendment, which protects the basic rights of citizens. Consequently, this ruling has left our country divided in half by those who are for and against abortion. In other words, those who oppose Roe v. Wade are referred to as pro-life and those in agreement are pro-choice.

For instance, those in favor of pro-life are against abortions and believe the fetus has the right to live in view of the fact that they believe abortion constitutes murder. Pro-life advocates correlate with strong religious beliefs and a conservative political outlook. In contrast, those whom are pro-choice don’t necessarily believe that abortion ensues to be morally correct, yet they deem people to be entitled to decide what is best for themselves. Pro- choice advocates’ political views are oftentimes liberal.. Although numerous Americans believe the supreme court ruling of Roe v. Wade should be overturned, abortion should remain legal because is a safe procedure when it is performed in the first trimester, it serves to be beneficial to our society, and women should have the right to their bodies.

Abortion is a safe procedure when it is performed within the first trimester. By law, women can only receive an abortion within the first twelve weeks of their pregnancy. This is because the risk of complications increases significantly after the first trimester. A woman can decide between a medication and aspiration abortion. A medication abortion is performed by taking a pill called Mifepristone. According to the FDA, “Mifepristone, when used together with another medicine called misoprostol, is used to end an early pregnancy (49 days or less since your last menstrual period began.” (“Aspiration Abortion”).

This medicine makes the body biological family, or are in foster care are often abused and abandoned, leaving prevalent emotional imbalances. “Children whose conception was unintentional are also at greater risk than children who were conceived intentionally of experiencing negative physical- and mental-health outcomes and are more likely to drop out of high school and to engage in delinquent behavior during their teenage years”(Monea). Women who have unwanted children, do not give them the proper care and guidance they require to become self-sufficient functioning members of society.

Additionally, abortion serves as a form of crime control. “The largest group of criminals is, between ages 18 and 24. The sharp decline in crime began 18 years after abortion became legal and the number of abortions shot up from under 750,000 in 1973 to 1.6 million by 1980” (Wanderer). Since abortion was made legal by Roe V. Wade in 1973, the amount of abortions performed increased significantly correlating with the decrease of crime eighteen years later, the age criminal behavior is the most prevalent. Abortion, in short, helps regulate our population and prevents future crime, therefore, making it advantageous to society.

Women should hold the control over their bodies and not be forced to carry an unwanted pregnancy to term due to the effects it will have on their and their child’s well-being. Controversially, many women who opt for abortion are unstable and have no means to raise a child. Incidentally, the vast majority of unstable mothers happen to be teenage mothers. According to the CDC, “the U.S. teen pregnancy rate is substantially higher than in other western industrialized nations.”

Since the United States has the highest-ranking percentage of teenage mothers, their welfare is questionable considering that they have not yet completed mentally or emotionally maturing. Above all, a mother who lacks self-sufficiency, should not have the responsibility to care for another life. In a like manner, mothers of undesired children are further likely to face bouts of depression, moreover, manufacturing them into unsuitable candidates to properly parent. “A dominant theoretical explanation for maternal depression’s negative effects on child development is that mothers who are depressed cannot provide the reciprocal and effectively appropriate responses that infants need to develop self-regulatory skills” (Lewin). Children of unstable mothers are incapable of learning imperative skills that permit them to function properly throughout their lives.

Unstable mothers disinhibit their children from developing the ability to inhibit a satisfactory and reliable emotional well-being leaving them with the inability to properly function in life. Mothers of unwanted children have an inflated chance of living below the poverty line.”The teen-agers likeliest to become pregnant are those who can least afford an unwanted child: those who are poor, those who live with one parent, those who have poor grades in school and those whose parents did not finish high school” (“About Teen Pregnancy”). They do not have the financial capacity or proper environment to properly raise a child. For instance, a child or mother without proper resources is not able to strive furthermore, creating a cycle of poverty. Not to mention, another reason a woman might elect to abort a fetus is if they were raped, resulting in a pregnancy.

According to the Rape Crisis Center, “Survivors of sexual assault are: 3 times more likely to suffer from depression, 6 times more likely to suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder, 13 times more likely to abuse alcohol, 26 times more likely to abuse drugs, 4 times more likely to contemplate suicide”(Get the Facts). Rape victims have high chances of facing severe emotional problems and mental illness. If a rape results in a pregnancy, the chances of the mother contracting emotional or mental distress increases in view of the fact that, their fetus is a constant reminder of the wrong that was inflicted upon them. Thus, if a female determines that she does not desire to bear a pregnancy to term, it remains her prerogative seeing that the decision will have an immense impact in her life.

The topic of abortion is a highly controversial one, that people must not take lightly on the circumstance that it is largely impactful. Ergo, Roe v. Wade should not be nullified considering that abortion is a safe procedure when performed legally, it has had multiple societal benefits since it was legalized, and it no longer oppresses women from the ability to determine what is best for themselves. In the matter of the legality of abortion, those who believe abortion should be outlawed because they believe it’s wrong, however, they are not considerate of the fact that not everyone shares their views on the matter. Those who are in favor of abortion remaining legal do not necessarily believe in abortion, but believe that everyone should be entitled to make their own decisions. It is unjust to deny someone a right on the conviction that you do not agree with their choices.

The Goal And Purpose Of The Restorative Justice Program, Community Service

Restorative justice program is a very special focus on the issues within the society involving crime. It provides a very different perspective under which offenders can be engaged to provide a better understanding on improving the overall environment under which the society can be well engaged.

Restorative justice programs that are put in place do not focus on punishment but are based on significant understanding on healing and rehabilitation where offenders can be well engaged in ensuring that they are effectively re integrated into the society. They provide a clear understanding under which elements need to be considered in improving the overall environment under which the society can understand the changes that have taken place in an individual who was considered as a threat to the wellbeing of the society. The restorative justice program that will form the basis under which this paper will be discussed will be community service (Crocker, 2016).

Community service a as form of restorative justice program has been highly engaged across all the states and form one of the major rehabilitation process that are implemented within the criminal justice system. Successful community service programs requires close relation between the criminal justice system and the community in order to provide better focus on important considerations that need to be put into focus in creating a crucial understanding between the offender who is being enrolled under community and the community environment under which they are engaged.

Community service has certain goals with form the basis under which individuals within community service are engaged. It helps in holding offenders accountable for the harm that they have caused the society. It is considered as a second chance where an individual can be able to be accepted back into the society when there is an understanding that they are changed and focus on creating a better environment where they can be positively engaged and help improve the overall wellbeing of the society (Van Ness, & Strong, 2015).

Another goal for community service is to provide communities with human resource who can help in certain capacities within the community as allocated. Improving the quality of life within a given community requires such programs where these individuals can help in making the environment clean. It also allows offenders to learn new skills, which can help in creating a better environment under which they can be effectively engaged and help streamline their lives based on the skills learned. Allow victim a voice to show clearly that an offender is indeed a changed person who can help play a crucial role in improving the wellbeing of members of the community.

Restorative justice programs are well engaged in various societies providing a very important chance to offender to improve on their position where they can be well integrated into the society. Restorative justice programs focus significantly on the rehabilitation aspect where they are able to engage in finding a solution to a given issue that is being addressed. Repairing harm that is caused by offenders is a key aspect that is being considered under the restorative justice programs since they aim to restore better relationships between offenders and their communities. Offenders are mainly incarcerated because they were found guilty of having committed a given crime or caused harm to another person. Restorative justice programs therefore seek to build the broken relationship where an offender and the victim can peacefully coexist.

The victims even though they may have found justice in the due process, it does not mean that they have forgotten about how they were affected by the criminal act of the offenders. There is need to ensure that there is development of positive relations between an offender and the victim through restorative justice programs that are in place. This helps in ensuring that the society is developed on positive elements, which define the overall environment under which offenders are engaged (Tsui, 2014).

These programs would positive engage juveniles considering the fact that they focus on rehabilitation. Juveniles require rehabilitation regarding the long life, which means that they will be positively engaged when they adopt restorative justice programs. Juveniles are easy to change and when they are engaged successfully they are able to change their ways and adopt positive development skills where they can be able to improve on their lives (González & Gonzales, 2012).

Social control involves focus on specific elements within a given social environment. It focuses on behavior, attitude and actions of individuals within a given social environment. Restorative justice thus seeks to maintain some level of balance within the community by ensuring that the society is based on positive aspects, which can help in defining the overall characteristics of the community. Therefore social control in important aspects in restorative justice since it helps outline the community elements, which need to be considered to have a well-engaged environment(González & Gonzales, 2012).

Offender’s community can be crucial in correcting than the formal system. This is mainly because the community based focus aims at understanding the underlying factors, which influence the lives of its members and thus can effectively help in streamlining the behavior and general engagement of its members. The formal system deals with many individuals whose backgrounds are not known hence the level of correcting is not specific and the chances of successful engagement are very low because they do not focus on the underlying issues.

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