Abuse And Neglect: Orientation Project Free Sample


Child abuse and neglect is serious issue as children are highly vulnerable and do not have means for self-defense or sufficient independence to avoid abusers (CDC, 2012). The prevalence of the problem is rather high (Nies & McEwen, 2013). The United States federal Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act defines abuse and neglect as “any recent act or failure to act on the part of a parent or caretaker which results in death, serious physical or emotional harm, sexual abuse or exploitation” (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2016, p. 7). In Florida abuse is defined as “any willful act or threatened act that results in any physical, mental, or sexual abuse, injury, or harm that causes or is likely to cause the child’s physical, mental, or emotional health to be significantly impaired” (“Proceedings relating to children,” n.d., par. 2). Neglect, according to the Florida statutes, “occurs when a child is deprived of or is allowed to be deprived of, necessary food, clothing, shelter, or medical treatment or a child is permitted to live in an environment when such deprivation or environment causes the child’s physical, mental, or emotional health to be significantly impaired or to be in danger of being significantly impaired” (“Proceedings relating to children,” n.d., par. 45).



Among measures of primary prevention, one can name public encouragement of positive parenting. In addition, state or federal agencies for child protection can sponsor educational programs for parents. Above that, public awareness campaigns may be launched to increase abuse and neglect report rates. Nurses could also give away brochures for healthy child upbringing practices. Also, they are legally obliged to report cases of potential abuse.


Secondary prevention measures may include working with high-risk groups such as teen parents, substance abuse treatment group participants. The organization of resource centers for high-risk families could also have a positive influence. Nurses may pay home visits to such families inquiring about the health and wellbeing of children and providing consultations to parents.


Tertiary prevention includes measures to address issues in families that had a history of child abuse and neglect. To amend this problem, mental health counselors could monitor parent-child relationships with high frequency. Above that, home-care nurses can offer help to children with evident mental issues related to child abuse.

Risk Factors for Abuse

Among the main risk factors are long working hours in parents, history of alcohol or drug abuse, domestic violence. Unwanted pregnancy may also be a factor influencing the likelihood of abuse or neglect. Poverty can also become the reason a child is deprived of food, water, shelter, etc.


Emotional Symptoms

Among emotional issues indicating child abuse or neglect are sleeping problems. Imaginary or real physical condition complaints can also be a symptom. Poor self-esteem or obsessive behavior may as well tell doctors that family may practice abuse or neglect.

Behavioral Symptoms

Fear or unwillingness to cooperate with one of the parents is a sign of child abuse. Another one is social withdrawal, lack of desire to communicate. Unexplained and frequent emotional outbursts can also signify abuse or neglect.

Physical Symptoms

Unexplained bruising, cuts, or other physical injuries are vivid signs of child abuse. Physical signs of neglect may include unhealthy skin complexion or symptoms of underfeeding. Uncared appearance may also be a sign of neglect. Unusual bleeding or bruising in the genital area may indicate sexual abuse.

Intervention, Treatment, and Reporting

Every person may report abuse or neglect of a child while retaining anonymity via a hotline. According to Chapters 39 and 415, F.S, no personal details can be disclosed to third parties. Nurses, other healthcare professionals, school personnel and other professionals working with children are legally bonded to report potential cases of abuse in Florida. The data is reported to Abuse Hotline Counselor.

Among resources to help abused or neglected children and families with a history of abuse, there is the Family Resource Center of South Florida that provides interdisciplinary counseling and mental help to the victims and their responsible persons. A family in need of assistance could also request a home-based instruction program for parents from Family Central. Children’s Home Society of Florida provides its collaborative services to a variety of children and families.


Reporting requirements are the same for state and federal levels as the same professional reports are listed in the legal documents. Types of sexual and emotional abuse are detected differently with priority given either to physical or emotional signs. Treatment may either target parents, children, or both. Resources available in Miami, Florida for different abuse types include counseling, medical assistance, physiological guidance, and other services. Signs and symptoms may change with age by developing into obsessive-compulsive disorders or chronic physical issues. The role of the nurse may change depending on the level of prevention. On the first level nurse is not professionally involved but acts rather as a citizen. On further levels, a nurse can participate professionally by offering guidance and performing the assessment. Types of abuse may require nurses to provide either physical treatment or refer patients to a trained family psychologist.


Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2012). Child maltreatment. Web.

Nies, M. A., & McEwen, M. (2013). Community/Public Health Nursing – E-Book: Promoting the Health of Populations. New York, NY: Elsevier Health Sciences.

Proceedings relating to children. (n.d.). Web.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2016). The child abuse prevention and treatment act. Web.

Creating An Advertising Website For A Jewelry Company

Executive Summary

Webster’s Jewellers is a jewelry company founded in Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario. Its reputation and economic success allowed opening a store in the northern part of the city, in addition to the downtown location. At the same time, in order to promote the new Webster’s North, it would be effective to turn to e-commerce and create a company’s website. The problem that the company faces is how exactly this website should be used as an advertising tool.

The key recommendation for the company would be to use the website as a platform for both advertising and selling merchandise since the majority of Internet users who purchase online belong to the target audience. Corresponding to the atmosphere of Webster’s North, the website is recommended to be designed in a traditional style. Educational articles and tools for designing jewelry could be placed on the website in addition to advertisements and the catalog of merchandise. Due to the effectiveness of banner and e-mail advertising, it would be more appropriate to use these methods to promote the website. Finally, due to a significant number of conservative customers buying offline, the store’s hours of operation are recommended to remain unchanged.

Step-by-step implementation of the plan presented above will bring the most effective results. Firstly, a web designer and an IT specialist should be hired to create a modern website in a traditional style to reflect the company’s history. Secondly, the company should create versatile content to attract customers’ attention. In order to maintain the image of the store, it is possible to include educational articles about gemstones. Since the target audience of the company are males, including young people, they are expected to spend much time online and be active online shoppers, according to a recent survey. Therefore, the company may also need a detailed catalog of merchandise and a tool for designing jewelry. Then, placing banner ads on various websites, especially those targeting a male audience, would be the most effective way since such advertisements are usually noticeable and are commonly used. Finally, in order to communicate with customers and inform them about the website, the company can send e-mails directly to the audience because this marketing strategy tends to produce significant results.

In order to control the effectiveness of the campaign, it is necessary to measure customers’ involvement. Measurements can be conducted once a month to see if there is an increase in the number of customers visiting Webster’s website. The statistics of visits, as well as the number of online purchases, can demonstrate if the website is attractive to the audience and if customers find it useful. Moreover, it is important to measure the general performance of Webster’s in its northern store. Since the website aims at increasing its exposure and sales in the first place, insignificant or negative changes may show that spending finance on IT staff and website service is not reasonable. On the other hand, a positive tendency will prove the effectiveness of the whole plan.

Finally, if the website does not produce desired results, it would be better to cease the promotion of the website and turn to different, more effective marketing strategies. For example, the methods that were used earlier, such as infomercials, were rather successful. Moreover, the company may continue sending e-mails to the audience, focusing on advertising Webster’s North. In this case, Webster’s would be able to save money on running a website and use these financial resources for more effective ways of advertising.


The promotion of the new location of Webster’s Jewellery is needed to positively influence the company’s growth. Since the use of the Internet for shopping is common nowadays, running a website would be an appropriate solution for advertising the company and its northern location. Moreover, the website could be used for selling merchandise as well, since the recent statistics demonstrate the growing popularity of online shopping among Webster’s target audience.

  • Step 1: hire IT specialists and design a website in a traditional style, which would reflect the company’s image as one of the oldest and most successful jewelry businesses in the city.
  • Step 2: to develop the content of the website, which would attract and engage customers. The content may include the catalog of merchandise, educational articles related to gemology, a tool for designing jewelry, and advertising articles about the company and its history.
  • Step 3: place banner advertisements on websites targeting the male audience and start e-mail advertising. These strategies are considered some of the most effective and are likely to produce the most significant results.

In order to evaluate the effectiveness of the website, Webster’s may use statistical methods to count website visits. The percentage of online purchases can also demonstrate if Internet selling benefits the company. Finally, measuring the overall performance of Webster’s North would allow seeing if the website attracts the audience’s attention and increases sales.

In case the plan does not produce significant results, the company should stop financing the website. On the contrary, it may continue e-mail advertising and switch to more reliable and effective methods, such as infomercials.

Environment And Tourism In The Caribbean

The Environment and Tourism in the Caribbean

Mainly, Caribbean ecological resources are basic and natural, including sand, sun, and the sea. Apart from the sun, the resources are subject to damage and depletion, as threats can arise from both within and outside the region. Typically, the magnitude of damage caused by minor to severe threats hurts the entire endowed resources (Price et al., 2020). For instance, waste disposal and directing untreated water into the sea affect living organisms in the Islands that attract tourists. Caribbean Island relies on sea-sand and sun tourism, making a mon-product area. Furthermore, these supporting endowments are subject to exhaustion.

The Importance of Tourism Economy in the Caribbean

In the Caribbean, tourism is a vital element of the economy, especially where services count for more than 80% of the GDP. Impacts transmitted by tourism to the local economy are enormous, starting with wages paid for labor, sales of local goods and services, and taxes. The tourist industry has a high propensity to import commodities that are consumed through the activities involved. Consequently, the country’s economy is supported through foreign exchange (Cannonier & Burke, 2019). Business investing in tourism gives the local government opportunity to make income through taxes.

For many years, the Caribbean economy has relied on agriculture to support itself and generate income for the nation. Unfortunately, the recent decline in agriculture performance in certain crops such as sugar, bananas, or vanilla has caused a significant impact. Owing to tourism Caribbean economy overcomes the problem through money earned from tourist services (Price et al., 2020) Tourism has brought enlightenment to the economy, especially in addressing environmental issues. The Caribbean has fallen victim to some tragedies over the past decades, such as earthquakes or hurricanes. During such time, travelers have helped the region adjust through tourism money.

Why Does the Physical Geography of the Caribbean Attract Tourists?

The Caribbean’s physical geography makes the region a prime location for tourists. Features such as warm coastal waters and climate, mountains, volcanoes, and many islands draw people from everywhere to the region. Typically, the Caribbean has over 7000 islands that are tiny rocky pieces of land, and others are full of corals (Cannonier & Burke, 2019). The largest Islands are Jamaica, Cuba, Puerto Rico, and Hispaniola. In most islands, mountains and volcanoes are common features that attract people.

Most features in the Caribbean geography attract visitors for tourism and sporting activities. On the beaches, tourists enjoy the view of the sea while others prefer rainforests where they can hike, practice canopy rides, or zip-lining (Cannonier & Burke, 2019). Certain sides of the Jamaican and Virgin Islands have greenery of the forest, while underneath the waters, the Caribbean is full of coral reefs rich in marine life.

Environmental Issues impacting the Caribbean’s Viability of Tourism Economy

In the coastal regions, climate change influences water volume such that rising sea levels make beaches submerge. Travelers who enjoy such sites get discouraged while the cost of protecting and maintaining waterfronts goes high (Sheller 2020). Surge storms are a risk to tourism facilities and hinder activities such as surfing. Due to precipitation, water shortage creates competition between tourism and other sectors, while desertification triggers wildfires threatening infrastructures. Sometimes flooding is common due to heavy precipitation, pausing the risk of damage to tourism facilities such as historic assets.

Surface temperatures cause an increased coral bleaching and degradation of marine resources. Thus, tourist activities in affected places are limited. Climate change affects the loss of natural attractions or available species and possibly causes outbreaks of diseases (Sheller, 2020). It discourages tourism activity in Caribbean areas. Sometimes soil changes moisture levels due to higher temperatures, leading to the loss of archeologic assets or natural resources that attract tourists.

Negative Impacts of Tourism Economy on the Caribbean Environment

Attractive landscape sites such as lakes, mountains, or slopes are transitional areas. A typical impact of tourism is the disruption of the ecosystem where living organisms mutually interact. Tourism causes severe pollution in terms of air, noise, land, and water. Solid waste is common and in large concentrations. Sewages pollute the sea or ocean, an acute threat to coral reefs (Price et al., 2020). Land degradation in the Caribbean is common due to the need to construct tourism facilities of infrastructure. Forests suffer negative impacts as well.


Cannonier, C., & Burke, M. G. (2019). The economic growth impact of tourism in Small Island Developing States—evidence from the Caribbean. Tourism Economics, 25(1), 85-108. Web.

Price, M., Rowntree, L., Lewis, M., & Wyckoff, W. (2020). Globalization and Diversity: Geography of a Changing World (6th ed.). Pearson.

Sheller, M. (2020). Reconstructing tourism in the Caribbean: Connecting pandemic recovery, climate resilience and sustainable tourism through mobility justice. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 1-14. Web.

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