Adam Smith And Capitalism In America Free Essay

He said that by accumulating profits, capitalists can buy machinery and assimilate technology to increase production. But he pointed out that there is complication too in buying machinery. More machinery would mean more workers to operate those machines. More workers would mean higher and higher wages until the profits would become nil. To counter balance this complication, Smith said the law of population would work. Just as when supply exceeds demand for any product, its price goes down, labor is subject to the law of supply and demand too.

Smith said that eventually the supply of workers would exceed their demand and wages would go down inevitably. Thus the profits will start rising again for the capitalist and the accumulation loud continue. Smith said that this invisible balancing force that drives up profits is known as “the invisible hand” (Hellbender). In The Worldly Philosophers, Hellbender explains the two main components of the Invisible Hand that Adam Smith invented and wrote in The Wealth of Nations. The first component he says is self-interest or the profit motive.

Self- interest motivates people to perform society necessary tasks for which society is willing to pay. And in this matter the society benefits as a whole. In other words, “the free market guides its participants to pursue the good of he consumers by following their own self-interest” (Adam Smith Laissez Fairer – Invisible Hand). Cleverly, Smith puts forward a question which must have been bubbled up in the reader’s mind that how can greed and selfishness not come in the way of the invisible hand? What stops greed from overpowering the society? And Smith answers his own question – competition.

Competition is the second component of the invisible hand that does not let businesses get out of moral lines in terms of prices and wages both. For example, if a business overcharges for a product, competitors immediately offer more reasonable rises resulting in the downfall of the business that overcharged. Similarly, if an organization pays small wages to workers, there will always be other organizations waiting to pay more to those workers for their services. Thus the Invisible hand is essentially a natural phenomenon that guides free markets and capitalism through competition.

Smith said that a free market not only determines price, but also the quantity of goods produced. (Hellbender). However, Smith also said that in order for the free market to work, the concept Of “laissez fairer” should be adopted by the market and the overspent. By laissez fairer he meant no or limited government intervention in the affairs of the market. Smith said that the market is “its own guardian” and therefore it can self-regulate itself without the intervention of government, unnecessary regulations and also without the advent of monopolies.

He believed that the role of the government should only be restricted in matters of national defense and security, administering justice and providing some amount of infrastructure. (Adam Smith Contributions to Economics). To understand an overall concept of how Adam Smith brought revolution in he economic world, lees discuss the three stages of capitalism. The earliest capitalism before Adam Smith’s writing of The Wealth of Nations was known as mercantilism and later it was given the title Commercial Capitalism. It lasted one hundred and fifty years from 1613 – 1767.

The main motive of this kind of capitalism was trade and government regulation of prices and interest rates. The source of profit and wealth was in the buying and selling of products and in the accumulation of gold; not in production (Rise of Mercantilism Commercial Capitalism). The second stage of capitalism was the Industrial Capitalism which began developing during the time of Adam Smith. Adam Smith made people realize that the value of a commodity is in the means of production and manufacture and not in the accumulation of gold. It lasted for the first three quarters of the nineteenth century.

The last and the final and current stage of capitalism is F-uncial Capitalism. It began from the last quarter of the nineteenth century and is still ongoing until today. Financial capitalism emerged as a result of high requirement of corporate finance needed to power the expansion of businesses that had developed ruing the industrial revolution. In order to cover the cost and funding of creating huge corporate financing operations for building factories, importing of new technology and the merging of industries, the development of stock markets, banks and other financial institutions came into place and is still flourishing today.

In Aria Of “Romeo And Juliet” A Play

In Aria of “Romeo and Juliet” a play, by William Shakespeare, Juliet is still a girl lacking experience looks to adults to guide her decisions. The nurse wants to live long enough to see Juliet getting might live to see thee married once, I have my wish. ” The nurse wants to live long enough to see Juliet getting married but she knows it’s not goanna happen soon because Juliet is a really immature.

Lady Caplet said that Juliet should get married because all the girls of her age or younger and all the girls in Verona are already married, so because everyone does it:”Well think of marriage now, here in Verona ladies of esteem are made already mothers. ” (l,iii, 73) It shows hat she’s immature because she let’s her mother make important decisions about her life. Juliet tells her mom she will Mary Paris if he’s handsome and if she tells her look,to like,if looking like move; but no more deep will I endear mine eye than your consent gives straight to make it fly. (l,iii, 101 )let shows her immaturity because she’s only going to Mary Paris if he’s handsome and if her mom tells her too, she can’t make her own decisions and base some of them on superficial things. In Ill,ii of “Romeo and Juliet” Juliet is becoming an independent woman and is ore mature. Ad the scene opens Juliet is imagining that Romeo comes to her house during the night so that they can be intimate and make love:”Spread thy close curtain in love performing night. Wows that she’s more mature because she’s thinking about being intimate with Romeo, she’s now thinking about being married and intimate when only two acts before she didn’t wan get married. When the nurse calls to sham to come to Romeo, Juliet contradicts her on telling her to shut up and being quiet:”Ah,poor my lord, what tongue shall smooth thy name, when fly three hours’ wife have angled 05)let shows that she’s mature because she’s giving her opinion about what she thinks, and standup for herself.

Juliet won’t speak ill of “him who killed her cousin ” because he’s her husband:”Shall I speak ill of him that is my 02) It shows that she’s mature she’s defending her husband, when she never even thought about getting married. According to Juliet she shouldn’t be crying because Tablet would have killed Romeo:”My husband lives, Tablet would have killed… On my 1-112)let shows that she’s more mature because she’s learning to control her motions. In Ill,v of “Romeo and Juliet”, Juliet is an independent woman.

Juliet respond to her father when he tells her that he will drag her to SST. Peters church if she refuse to go on her own by telling him that she’s begging him on her knees,to be patient and to listen to one thing she has to father, beseech you on my knees, hear me with patience but to speak a shows that she’s mature because she’s asking her parents to be patient and to listen to one thing she has to say and she’s also being patient which is a proof of maturity.

Through out Gullet’s argument with her parents she tries to get them to delay the marriage or she’ll kill herself:”O sweet by mother, cart me not away! Delay this marriage for a month or week ; or if you do not,make the bridal bed in that dim monument where Tablet lies. Shows that she’s mature because she’s being smart about how she argues with her parents. At the end of the scene Juliet decide to break her ties with the think it is better for you if you marry the It shows that she’s mature because she’s standing up to the nurse and telling her what she really hints.

Through out the play, Juliet is becoming more and more mature mostly because she falls in love with Romeo the love of her life, and with different choices that she makes she’s learning how to deal with the consequences and becoming more responsible. True love is what they are going through and it shows that it will make you do and accomplish things that that you and the people around you have never thought would happen. It was a matter of time before Juliet learned how to be mature and it only happened because she was completely in love with Romeo.

Histrionic Personality Disorder

According to Shakespeare, love is blind and those who are in love cannot see each other’s faults. This simple concept has two meanings – love can be blinding and can make people do amazing things for each other.

But to what extent are these women willing to go? Could it be mere infatuation? At what point does love cross into sinfulness? These are the troubling questions that occupy the minds of two vulnerable women, featured in timeless romance novels albeit with a touch of melancholy. Both Myrtle Wilson from The Great Gatsby and Curlers Wife from Of Mice and Men exhibit traits and behaviors throughout their respective stories, classifying them as individuals with Histrionic personality disorder.

The diagnosis of Histrionic personality disorder involves explaining the condition, which is defined by emotional instability and exaggerated behavior to gain attention (Blabs, Chi. 39). The exact cause remains unknown but experts speculate genetics and childhood experiences may play a role. Moreover, this disorder is more commonly found in women and tends to emerge during late adolescence or early adulthood.

This condition, like other personality disorders, can be easily missed and includes all the traits of extreme self-centeredness. According to the A.D.M. Medical Encyclopedia (Blabs, Chi. 39), individuals with this disorder often do well in social and professional situations. This makes it challenging to identify and handle. Therefore, a thorough list of symptoms and specific behaviors has been created for precise diagnosis and successful treatment.

Healthcare Providers diagnose Histrionic personality disorder through various psychological evaluations. These evaluations involve observing certain behaviors such as acting or appearing seductive, being easily influenced by others, being excessively preoccupied with one’s appearance, displaying dramatic or emotional tendencies, harboring an excessive sensitivity towards criticism or disapproval, maintaining exaggerated beliefs about the intimacy of relationships, attributing personal dissatisfaction or failures to external sources, demonstrating low tolerance for delay or frustration, exhibiting extreme self-centeredness, and displaying emotional volatility, which may create the perception of being shallow to others.

The diagnosis is made based on behavior, personal history, overall appearance, and psychological evaluation. If left untreated, the disorder can disrupt a person’s relationships, both socially and romantically (Blabs, Chi. 39). Individuals may struggle to confront and cope with losses or failures, as they are unable to accept their own faults. The more severe forms of the condition can lead to frequent job changes, driven by apathy and an inability to handle work-related frustrations.

Patients desire novelty and possessions, which can ultimately put them in dangerous situations (Bliss, Chi. 39). The most obvious and immediate consequence of this behavior is oppression, particularly evident in the characters of Myrtle and Curler’s Wife. Known as the “tart,” “purity,” or simply as “trouble,” Curler’s Wife is nameless in the novella, which is significant. She represents lust and targets the men on the ranch, dressing accordingly for the occasion.

Like Myrtle, she also uses her body to attract the opposite sex in order to manipulate and achieve her desires. During a conversation about the woman with Candy, Lennie, and George, Candy shares some local ranch gossip, stating “Well, I tell ya what – Curley says he’s keeping that hand soft for his wife” (Steinbeck, 14). This crude remark not only introduces a person in a derogatory manner but also reflects how little respect they have for Curley’s wife and her husband.

Furthermore, it demonstrates that she is solely recognized through her husband’s actions or linked to inappropriate things. She “swings” into the men’s rooms pretending to search for her spouse, which serves as a tactic for engaging with other men without her husband’s knowledge. These actions, indicating both a tendency for lustful behavior and willingness to place herself in precarious situations (such as flirting with other men despite her already inadequate husband), clearly highlight the presence of Histrionic personality disorder.

In the novella, the protagonist demonstrates a readiness to involve herself in risky circumstances, particularly one that leads to her own demise and Lien’s death. Despite being aware of being chased, she willingly isolates herself with another man. While Leonie tends to the injured puppy, Curlers Wife joins him and expresses her ambitions of pursuing an acting career. She reveals that an older woman impeded her dreams by deeming her too young.

This incident illustrates two signs of Histrionic personality disorder. Firstly, the woman consistently puts herself in dangerous situations and secondly, she habitually blames others for the failures in her life. Unfortunately, this would be her final moment as she seductively requests Leonie to stroke her silky hair. Unaware of Lien’s history with women and his tendency to touch excessively, he refuses to release her and ultimately snaps her neck with the intention of getting retribution from George. In addition, she expresses her loneliness by saying “I never get to talk to anybody. I get incredibly lonely” (Steinbeck, 43). Similar to her name, she lacks an identity, purpose, and friends.

The character of Curlers Wife is a nobody who has always dreamed of being a somebody. She is a woman desperate for attention and engages in lustful and sinful behavior to get what she wants. Despite her desperation, she is not allowed or capable of proper human contact. She willingly thrusts herself into risky situations without reason, making her an epitome of sinful behavior (Hagen, Chi. 10). In comparison, Myrtle Wilson from the novel The Great Gatsby exhibits similar traits. She also engages in sinful behavior by having an affair with the wealthy and imposing Tom Buchanan, abandoning her husband who is described as a hollow shell of a man.

Myrtle is fully aware of her actions and desires the attention of a man who can indulge her with the “gifts” she desires. She is completely captivated by possessing such an item for herself. The complete contrast to sophisticated Daisy, Myrtle confidently showcases her curves with tight-fitting clothes. Myrtle expresses, “I thought he knew something… But he was not worthy enough to even touch my shoe.” (Fitzgerald, 39). She shows little remorse for once being in love with her actual husband and callously betraying him.

Myrtle, like Curlers Wife when pursuing Leonie’s attention, tragically ends her life by physically jumping in front of Tom’s car, even though he was not even inside it at the time. She perceives herself as superior to the impoverished home she is supposedly trapped in due to an unwelcome marriage. Myrtle states, “He was dressed in a fancy suit and shiny shoes, and I couldn’t help but stare at him” (Fitzgerald, 40). Her excessive focus on material possessions undermines any attempt to prove otherwise.

She is only interested in Tom because she wants something from him, as evidenced by her calling him during his dinner with Daisy, hoping he would be caught (Assume, 17). With little to no regard for Tom as a person, except for his ability to fulfill her desire for a luxurious lifestyle and escape her own reality, Myrtle’s death ultimately confirms this outcome. Thus, when she dies, her blood “mingles” with the ash, symbolizing her failure to ever truly escape and the futility of her actions behind her husband’s back.

The character of Myrtle Wilson is presented as someone who consistently puts herself in risky situations and assigns blame to her husband for the robberies in her life. Her provocative behavior towards Tom demonstrates her willingness to manipulate others for personal gain. Throughout the novel, she exhibits extreme volatility and self-hatred without displaying any remorse. In both Myrtle and Tom, love never translates into genuine relationships. Instead, they exploit their loved ones to advance their own interests, seducing others without any sense of guilt.

Love, for them, functions as a weapon, serving as self-defense to maintain their fabricated sense of pride and avoid any potential complications that may result from their actions. Rather than feeling compelled to take proactive measures and exhibit creativity, they find solace in risky circumstances and self-centered thoughts and behaviors. Both Myrtle Wilson and Curler’s Wife suffer from Histrionic personality disorder, and their attempts to protect themselves only lead them astray and into a realm of increased intricacy. They remain unable to break free or enhance their situations; these women act as their greatest vulnerabilities, ultimately causing their own downfall.

They showed sinful actions and a seductive demeanor, displaying a lack of care for their loved ones and a lack of self-value. They failed to realize that to improve oneself, one must take action independently rather than exploiting others. This is when love becomes sinful, leading to harm or even death. Myrtle Wilson and Curlers Wife were unable to achieve their dreams because they held themselves back. This exemplifies Histrionic personality disorder, when a person behaves contrary to their own well-being, mistakenly believing they are improving themselves while actually worsening their situation.

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