Advanced Nursing Practitioner’s Roles And Goals Essay Example

Advanced Practice Nursing Role

South University provides consistent training to prepare high-quality nursing specialists. The university offers a wide range of study areas including educational programs for Nursing Practitioners. The role of this specialist is critical for medical practice. Thus, an Advanced Nursing Practitioner is a nurse that provides primary care to patients. This general task comprises a large scope of responsibilities: handling medical histories, performing physical examinations, treating and evaluating acute illnesses. Also, an Advanced Nursing Practitioner is in charge of prescribing medications and providing relevant prevention services. Therefore, a patient’s condition depends on the proficiency of this specialist. Finally, Advanced Nursing Practitioners are expected to be able to assess adequately a patient’s condition and decide whether there is a need for a referral for any specialized care. As a result, the role of an Advanced Nursing Practitioner is highly significant as this specialist determines largely the course of the entire treatment process.

Safety Promotion

The role of an Advanced Nursing Practitioner can be defined as non-clinical, and it is very important in terms of safety promotion. Thus, according to National Patient Safety Goals (NPSGs), this type of specialist can contribute to promoting patients’ safety in a series of ways.

First and foremost, an Advanced Nursing Practitioner should improve patient identification. NPSGs suggest that this can be achieved through the implementation of the minimum of two patient identifiers in the course of treatment and services provided. Secondly, an Advanced Nursing Practitioner can contribute to the promotion of medication safety by reducing the risks of harm related to anticoagulant therapy. Moreover, in the framework of medication safety, this specialist is also supposed to maintain the accuracy of any medical information associated with a patient’s condition. Thirdly, an Advanced Nursing Practitioner is expected to participate in reducing the likeliness of infections. Hence, NPSGs advise these specialists to comply with any of the officially established hygiene guidelines and use only evidence-based practices. Furthermore, Advanced Nursing Practitioners should focus on fall prevention to promote patient safety. Finally, NPSGs points out another critical function that these specialists are expected to perform – the timely assessment of the risks for pressure ulcers’ development (National Patient Safety Goals, 2016).

Research Articles

There is a large scope of studies aimed at examining the role of an Advanced Nursing Practitioner. Hence, for example, a group of researchers from the University of Central Lancashire has recently published a study aimed at investigating “the role of a ward-based Advanced Nurse Practitioners” (Williamson, Twelvetree, Thompson, & Beaver, 2012, p.1580). According to British researchers, there are currently few studies that would clearly define the role of an Advanced Nursing Practitioner, so they assumed it rational to fill in the existing gap. The researchers employed an ethnographic approach to complete the set target; the principal methods that they used were observations and interviews. Basing on the obtained results, the researchers concluded that the role of these specialists is more important than it is typically considered to be. Thus, Advanced Nursing Specialists facilitate not only patient care but the general medical practice as well. In their conclusion, Williamson et al. define this role as “pivotal” (1587).

Another research, which also studies the role of an Advanced Nursing Practitioner, focuses on a more specific question – the importance of this specialist in the framework of promoting evidence-based practices. The researchers suggest that this role is highly significant as Advanced Nursing Practitioners might serve to be the only delivers of evidence-based practices for clinical nurses (Gerrish, McDonnell, Nolan, Guillaume, Kirshbaum, & Tod, 2011). They also employ observations and interviews to collect targeted data. Their research shows that Advanced Nursing Practitioners perform the role of the so-called “knowledge brokers” (Gerrish et al., 2011, p.2011). In other words, these specialists employ different methods, such as role modeling and clinical problem-solving, to manage clinical nurses’ knowledge. Both studies provide evidence for the significance of the Advanced Nursing Practitioner’s role.

Expert Opinion Article

Even though numerous studies have been carried out to define the role of an Advanced Nursing Practitioner, some experts believe that the current definition still lacks clarity. Hence, in 2012, a group of Australian experts from Monash University published an article aimed at drawing the attention of the medical community to the need for a precise evaluation of the role of an Advanced Nursing Practitioner. In their article, Lowe, Plummer, O’Brien, and Boyd (2012) point out the key problem that requires solution: the improvement of “international standards of nursing titles and scopes of practice” (678). They believe that until these standards are not improved, the value of the role of an Advanced Nursing Practitioner will be underestimated. Although the authors admit the fact that a large scope of work has already been done in this domain, they still insist on the implementation of the common international standard that would clearly describe the role of these specialists and the practices that they are expected to carry out (Lowe et al., 2012).

Reference List

Gerrish, K., McDonnell, A., Nolan, M., Guillaume, L., Kirshbaum, M., & Tod, A. (2011). The role of advanced practice nurses in knowledge brokering as a means of promoting evidence-based practice among clinical nurses. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 67(9), 2004-2014.

Lowe, G., Plummer, V., O’Brien, A.P., & Boyd, L. (2012). Time to clarify – the value of advanced practice nursing roles in health care. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 68(3), 677-685.

National Patient Safety Goals. (2016). Web.

Williamson, S., Twelvetree, T., Thompson, J., & Beaver, K. (2012). An ethnographic study exploring the role of ward-based Advanced Nurse Practitioners in an acute medical setting. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 68(7), 1579-1588.

Human Progress In Renaissance And Modern Society

Introduction

The Renaissance is one of the turning points in the history of the development of the world. This era changed the direction and pace of human progress. Such processes significantly affected European countries. Life of regular people, as well as of aristocracy, became different and more resembling the life of modern people. However, there are still some differences. The main goal of this paper is to argue that modern society is very similar to European society in the early Renaissance, and the main differences are associated with a higher pace of world development.

Discussion

The Renaissance is a period between the fourteenth and sixteenth centuries. In French, this word means rebirth. This period is characterized by significant changes in European society (Burke, 2014). The Renaissance is associated with rapid development. Many new cities were established. The quality of life of the middle class considerably improved. People could earn and spend much more money than before. This age is mostly famous for its great scientists, painters, and writers.

Although renaissance usually evokes positive connotations, it started with a horrifying epidemic, the plague. It affected all European societies. The plague killed approximately half of the population (Burke, 2014). The disease disseminated very fast in large cities. It resulted in severe economic decline as vendors could not find customers to sell their products.

However, after the epidemic, the population rapidly increased. It began to form a new middle class that included merchants and bankers. The growing population developed a new market for such services (Agnew & Duncan, 2014). European society became more and more prosperous. People built large houses, bought expensive attire, and became much more interested in art. Also, the middle class had more spare time. People used it to study sciences and humanities. The most noticeable changes occurred in Italian cities. The country turned into the center of trade and education (Burke, 2014). Such cities as Venice, Genoa, and Florence become very famous and rich. Also, sailing had an enormous impact on European society during this period. Sailors began to use more effective tools. Ships became bigger and could endure longer trips. It enhances trade as sailors could bring new products such as ivory, silk, and spices.

Therefore, the main distinguishing characteristics of early Renaissance society were financial development, urbanization, artistic energies, and commercial revival. However, these are also the attributes of modern society, but these processes develop on a larger scale. Nowadays, trade, political interactions, art, and other activities have become industries. There are many multinational corporations. Regular people can freely travel around the world and dedicate their lives to a variety of things. As the development of sailing accelerated the development of society in the early Renaissance, the Internet speeds up the growth of modern communities the same way. However, the main difference is that contemporary society is more cosmopolitan. The boundaries between different cultures are becoming less and less noticeable. English has become an international language, which also has improved communication and collaboration among nations around the globe. However, people in modern society have less free time due to very busy schedules. The pace of the development of the world is much higher than at any time before. Therefore, it is the main factor that determines the priorities of modern people.

Conclusion

In conclusion, the main difference between the modern and Renaissance societies is development speed. Due to modern technologies, people can communicate at an enormous pace. Business and trade have experienced unprecedented growth. However, it has certain drawbacks as well. People have busier schedules and cannot dedicate their time to things of their interests. However, it is a logical continuation of the processes that started in the early Renaissance.

References

Agnew, J. A., & Duncan, J. S. (Eds.). (2014). The power of place (RLE Social & Cultural Geography): Bringing together geographical and sociological imaginations. New York, NY: Routledge.

Burke, P. (2014). The Italian Renaissance: culture and society in Italy. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Alternative Transportation Use For Public Health

Topic

HP2020 Topic: Environmental Health;

HP2020 Objectives: EH-2 Increase the use of alternative modes of transportation for work.

Transportation is an important determinant of public health. At the same time, the issue receives modest attention on the institutional level, which necessitates promotion at the community level (Litman, 2013). The project is expected to address the issue by communicating the health benefits of the practice to a segment of a target audience.

Target Audience

The target audience of the health promotion project is comprised of working adults who rely on transportation to get to work. Thus, the audience includes both male and female participants. The age range of the audience is estimated between 15 and 64 years, which is a typical demographic characteristic of the general population segment in question.

The topic of means of transportation used in trips to work is important for the audience due to its health implications. A growing body of evidence points to a direct relationship between the type of transportation used for trips to work and the state of health within the population segment. According to a recent systematic review by Kelly et al. (2014), walking and cycling are associated with a reduction in risk of all-cause mortality. The effect is observable after adjustment for other physical activities (Kelly et al., 2014). Considering the regular recurrence of trips and their relatively low difficulty, it is reasonable to expect it to be relevant to the audience.

Goal

The goal of the project is to increase the percentage of trips made to work using alternative means of transportation, with an emphasis on walking and bicycling as preferred methods. The outcome is expected to be observed in the long term, with the desired effect observed within a year after the project completion.

Objectives

  1. After participating in the project (condition), the audience (who) will be able to identify (performance) the main benefits of walking and cycling on their health (criterion).
  2. After familiarizing themselves with the available community resources (performance), the participants of the event (who) will be able to locate (performance) the community organizations that provide support for individuals interested in physical activity and alternative means of transportation (criterion).
  3. After the project’s termination (condition), the employees of the organization (who) will be ready to display (performance) commitment to the idea of switching to healthier means of transportation (criterion).
  4. After participating in the project (condition), the staff of the SoundFun Karaoke company (who) will be able to list (performance) the components and techniques used to integrate walking and bicycling into the company’s business practices (criterion).
  5. After familiarizing themselves with the positive effects of bicycling and walking on health (condition), the participants (who) will display a consistent interest in maintaining a healthy lifestyle (criterion).

Learning Domains

The majority of the objectives identified in the project are consistent with the classification of the cognitive learning domain. Specifically, the first objective involves the ability of the audience to memorize and recall certain information related to the health effects of the practice in question. Similarly, objective 2 requires the participants to demonstrate comprehension of the role of different community organizations in the development of a healthy habit and apply this knowledge in specific real-life situations. Finally, objective 4 requires the participants to synthesize the information by organizing the information received from the project’s staff and arriving at meaningful conclusions. Despite considerable coverage both in specialized and popular sources, the benefits of a healthy lifestyle remain unacknowledged by the majority of the population. Thus, communicating the positive outcomes in an accessible and clear manner is expected to contribute to population involvement.

Two remaining objectives can be classified as pertinent to the affective domain. For instance, objective 3 expects the participants to be responsive to the ideas communicated by the educators, facilitating the feeling of joy as a result of engaging with the experience. Similarly, objective 5 aims at the participants’ increased capacity for recognizing the value associated with the discussed practice and display commitment to proactively increase the value through involvement. Some types of transportation can be perceived as undesirable due to their socio-economic and cultural implications. It is thus important to address the perceived barriers associated with the practice to increase the readiness of the audience to adopt the practice.

Location

The community project is to be implemented in the community in South Florida. The planned participants are the employees of the SoundFun Karaoke company. The main reason behind the choice is the suitability of the company’s scale to the objectives of the project. The size of SoundFun Karaoke permits incorporating the received knowledge into their HR policies relatively easily, which makes it a good starting point for testing the institutional effects of the educational intervention.

Date and Time Frame

The project is tentatively planned for execution at (date and month). The presentation is broken down in two days to allow the participants to try the proposed approach and report on their experience. The time frame intended for the presentation is 50 minutes, currently scheduled at (time), with permission obtained from the manager.

Facility Contact Person

The informed consent was obtained from Rodrigo Da Cunha (position) (phone number). The signed copy of the consent form is included below.

Marketing Plan

The event is scheduled and organized in collaboration with the company management, who will also inform them of the attendance specifics. Thus, attendance is not expected to be an issue. The event can be marketed as promoting an affordable, entertaining, and effective method of maintaining good health.

References

Kelly, P., Kahlmeier, S., Götschi, T., Orsini, N., Richards, J., Roberts, N.,… Foster, C. (2014). Systematic review and meta-analysis of reduction in all-cause mortality from walking and cycling and shape of dose response relationship. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 11(132), 1-15.

Litman, T. (2013). Transportation and public health. Annual Review of Public Health, 34, 217-233.

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