Advocacy Interview And Summary Essay Example

One chooses to work in the helping professional because of a passion that one has. Helping others is not also an easy task. At times one is advocating for one stance or many. The best role to play when advocating is the neutral role. However, conflicts can arise when advocating. Determining what is the best outcome for the client and the other party involved is using conflict resolution.

To obtain a better understanding an interview with Julie Pickering, who works with NIS (Networking Interpreting Services) and does ASL (American Sign Language). Summarized thoughts are drawn from the interview that was taken. Toishauna An advocate’s work is never done, and I too would love to be an advocate to help those individuals that cannot help themselves or just need that extra voice heard to get the job done. As Julie showed in the interview as it takes dedication, termination, discipline, and the list goes on and on.

Making sure one learns all about his or her job, and do it to the very best of their ability is extremely important. Knowing that what is important as well as what is the best interest of the client or agency, are all important to follow. Signing a very good job, and believe it would be a very rewarding job. Toishauna would want to make sure that people can get all the help they can receive. Veronica Interviewing Julie provided a better understanding of her job and the position that she plays as an interpreter and an advocate. When advocating for the deaf one has to learn patience.

Signing takes time an interpreter. Doctors, especially in the hospital setting, need to have more knowledge of working with the hearing impaired. Advocating for more education for the Doctor on his or her continuing education classes would teach them to work collaborating more with patients with disabilities. When time is not rushed the interpreter, the client, and the hearing is all less frustrated. One did not choose to have a disability, but help advocating for a better communication is essential. Playing a neutral or alliance role is important advocating for one’s with disabilities.

Keyona Keyona was touched to learn about Julie and the advocacy role and for the hearing impaired. Keyona has taken a couple college classes of sign language and believes it is just as hard as learning a foreign language. Keyona has encountered in her job where she sees how much patience is involved through the phone relay (TTY). Through the phone relay how important the ‘voice’ was heard. Keyona believes that being an advocate has so many rewards to come with the territory also equally think that it is a very heavy role.

Advocating sort of relates to being something like a lawyer, whereas you are standing with this person or this agency side defending him or her at all costs. As the advocate you are defending based on what you are being told by that person or agency and based. No matter if gut instinct tells you otherwise you must either defend to the best of your abilities or prosecute to the best of your abilities. That is the only “hiccup” I was regarding the advocate role. Kristie Julie’s job as a sign language interpreter is an important and rewarding job.

She has to make sure that people understand what the deaf individual is saying. Julie job is to ensure that the deaf community she is working with have their needs met in their daily lives. Julie describes the hearing person in the conversations can sometimes be difficult to work with because they can become frustrated that his or her words need to be interpreted on a not so quick process. Julie wishes that the person who can hear would have more patience throughout the process. It is nice that Julie can withdraw or decline any case that goes against her beliefs and values.

Advocating for the deaf would be difficult. Not only would it take extensive knowledge and studying (something that surprised Julie as well), but it takes a great deal of patience and understanding when learning. Hearing about an advocate’s experience provided a glimpse of how difficult it may be. There will not always be full cooperation. However, on can find comfort in realizing there is no force to take on something that displays potential discomfort. In helping one advocate, one can easily get stressed or burned out.

Advocacy – “influencing decisions affecting the welfare or interests of another individual or group, a person partial to one party, to summons one help” (Barsky, 2007). All of these definitions were displayed by Julie and her role in the human services world. Ensuring that the client needs are met and not compromised is the number one role of the advocate position. As a team the conclusion is drawn that while being a tough pair of shoes to fill, there is a greater reward at the end of the tunnel for fulfilling this position.

To What Extent Does Bias Exist In The U. K. Media?

The tremendous growth in the mass media, during the post war years, has meant that people are able to get many different view points on the news and with all these opinions thrown at the audience, to create their own opinion. Or does it? In the 1800’s when the first newspapers arrived on the scene, only the rich could afford them but even on a small scale bias did exist. As the small-scale media had little impact on the way people thought, public opinion was formed by talking to work colleagues, religious influence, peers, friends and family.

However, nowadays, the ubiquity of the media has become perhaps the greatest influence.More people are able to buy a newspaper and can afford television sets therefore bias is greater affecting more people. From the “Broadcaster” magazine statistics show that the average person watches 25-30 hours a week of television and that almost 60% of people in Britain read a daily newspaper. This is a vast amount of buyers.

The U. K. has the largest percentage of newspaper customers in the world. There are three different ways of looking at the media.

1. Does it give both sides of events in the news. 2. It could be seen as a pure, unbiased disseminator of news 3.

Is the media just there to keep the consensus of society? Bias, which is so often seen in the media, can be put under two headings, intentional and unintentional. Also, bias can occur when the order of stories are presented. Usually the most important most tragic stories are shown first, the “headline” stories. Sometimes on television news the stories, which have the best visual image, best archive, are shown first.

This can be portrayed as being bias. This is usually caused by the “gatekeepers” in the media, which filter the stories into good news and bad, things which will interest the audience and things which will not.Theoretically there are three models or views on why bias creeps into the media. – The Traditional Marxist view/ or manipulative model says that the owners of the media are of a very small number.

The owners control the media and they directly influence the content of the media. They introduce bias intentionally as they want to brainwash the mass public, the proletariats, to keep them under control in order to keep capitalism going. The media is therefore used as a tool to keep the proletariats distracted from the real exploitation inflicted on them by the bourgeoisie. The neo Marxist/ Hegemonic view states that the managers of a media company have control of the day to day running of the media.

The owners may be powerful but do not have direct control. According to the neo-Marxists, the media provide the audience with an ideology that reflects that of the managers, white, middle class, male. Alternative views may be represented but they are often ridiculed. Neo-Marxists reckon that it does not matter which newspaper you buy or which television programmes you watch because they all produce the same ideology.

The media provide the public with an agenda, topics to discuss to stop them talking about how badly treated they are at work. This prevents them from talking about revolution and instead they talk about soap operas and soap stars. – The third main view is the pluralist perspective. The Pluralists, like the neo-Marxists believe that the owners may be powerful but do not have direct control over media output.

However pluralists believe that the real power is in the hands of the general public because if they do not like or do not want what the media is presenting to them, then they will not watch or but it.If this happens then the medium will go out of business. The issue of commercial media backs up this theory. Studies by the Glasgow University Media Group, who focus on media bias in industry and politics, show how the media influence the audience and represent their articles or programmes in a bias way.

Their conclusions of their studies show different methods that the media use to create bias may it be intentional or unintentional. Their basic argument is that the fundamental reason for bias in the media is the particular worldview that journalists have. This represents the interests and attitudes of the dominant class in society.The journalists therefore take opinions of “important” people.

For example, if there was a strike in an industry, the middle class owner would only be interviewed not the exploited worker. This would therefore give a bias opinion. Words in the news would be used against the striker such as “trouble”, “pointless strike” and the worker always “demand”, it is never the owners “exploit”. The G.

U. M. G. ‘s view on this topic is strongly based on the hegemonic model of bias.

They believe that the media manipulate the audience and give them ready-made ideas so that people think that running against the norm i. . striking, so that the working class will keep to their place to keep capitalism strong. A man who is publicly opposed to the G.

U. M. G. ‘s studies is Martin Harrison.

Harrison’s basic argument is that there are certain pressures on the media and that competition in the media leads to bias, rather than the media owners deliberately controlling the bias. He says, “Television is more productively considered not as essentially one-dimensional but as conveying a range of contradictory contentions and explanations i. e. he site of ideological conflict, rather than fostering a ‘climate of conformity’”.

This means that Television shows a wide range of different views to an argument producing an open debate for the audience, rather than conforming to the normal types of bias viewpoints the audience wants to hear. Harrison therefore believes that the media try to cater for all types of people and the news gives us a consistent unbiased analysis so that the audience can come to a conclusion themselves. Some newspapers have said, historically, to be hand in hand with certain parties.For example ‘The Daily Herald’ used to be a newspaper associated with the Labour party; Daily news and Daily Chronicle, with the Liberals and the Conservative Daily Exprss.

More recently a Lordship was given to Lord Black the proprietor of the conservative ‘Daily Telegraph’ from the Labour government in order to stay ‘on-side’ with him. This shows that the Historical groups do not matter any more as the Labour government would do anything to get a newspaper on their side. Giving this Lordship would have sweetened The Telegraph’s views on the Labour Government.The media is a very powerful tool to whip up support for a certain Party and persuade people from voting for another.

In the previous General election slogans such as the conservative, “New Labour, New Danger” were used. Moving away from the political aspect of the media, newspapers can Exaggerate stories or falsify events inorder to sell more papers. For example a headlined story by ‘The Sun’ newspaper. The true story is about a five-year-old boy who is mentally disabled as he had suffered brain damage as a baby.

This meant that he could not tell right from wrong and could not communicate properly. The Sun’ horrifically amplified this story in order to make a more dramatic story “WORST BRAT IN BRITAIN”. This was in order to sell more newspapers as people love hear sensational stories.They said that the boy was very badly misbehaved and gave his more hell and that he should be stopped.

The Sun missed out the important details of why he was like that. ‘The Sun’ even took photos of the boy to use them to his disadvantage. On photo was taken of him with his fists up in the air while he was so innocently singing a nursery rhyme. ‘The Sun’ used this with the caption “would you want this boy? making him look like a ferocious little boy.

The story made life dreadful for the mother of this boy. She received threatening letters and phone calls telling her what they would do with this boy if he was their own. All of this just so ‘The Sun’ could sell a few more papers. The Sweden versus England football game when so-called British hooliganism occurred is another example of when the media got it completely wrong.

This gave the chance for newspapers and news programmes to make a thumping story about atrocious British behaviour abroad. The news gained the headline of “PROUD TO BE BRITISH? .Television news focused on the supposed hooliganism because many had good archive footage from previous acts of the British football supporters behaving badly. The story from the tabloids understood that there had been around one hundred Englishmen arrested and that rioting hooligans vandalised streets in Sweden.

They wrote that all the abuse was caused by the England supporters. In reality this was not the case. A relatively small amount of arrests were made in fact they weren’t even real arrests, they were what the Swedish call ‘cooling off periods’.This entails the person to calm down in a police cell for a few hours then they’re released.

According to Swedish papers most of the hooliganism was caused and provoked by the Swedish football fans. When the press found out that the British trouble makers had been let out after only a few hours they earned themselves the tabloid slogan of “oft Swedes” The bias in this story was unintentional. This was because the British journalists had little time to write and send the story into the editor’s room. Due to the extra pressure put upon them they had to rely on police reports, which were unreliable.

As you can be seen from the examples in this essay, bias in the media is vast. Not only can it give the audience a completely different opinion, but it can swing elections and change peoples lives for ever. The Media is ever more powerful it is even more powerful than any person or political party. Governments around the world rely upon the media to gain themselves support.

However, it can be argued that the media is just there to keep the consensus of society and preserve the ‘status quo’ which is why newspapers like “The Worker’s Union” and “The Socialist” have been wiped out or marginalized.

The Land Scalping Project Numbers

Garden Supplies is that nursery sales and garden supplies because they have competition from Bunting’s Store about two kilometers away. Sometimes they have sale to attract to the customer sale on the item or discount on the item what we want and that are helpful to us. Sometimes they have helpful staff to the customer. We have to check the internal records financial and sales records. Nursery sales have dropped by 5% in the last areas. These sales of these products currently contribute 41% to over all prophets. Their garden supplies sales have also dropped by 5% although the last year.

Their land scalping project numbers have been flat, however the size and profit on each project has grown slightly. Cafe trade has been steadily increasing for the last three years and as result profits from this have been growing at a rate of 2-3% per annum currently contributing 15% to the overall profit of the business. 2. Report According for our first task review, I prepare a report which includes three sections A preliminary project scope for D. A Garden supplies. Data gathering approaches. A final revision of the draft objectives. (a) Preliminary Project Scope A Project scope is a document that outlines the plans for the project and is used to record approval. The project scope is added to after initial approval and comes the project plans. A Preliminary Project Scope for D. A. Garden supplies that through consultation with relevant personnel: 2. 1 Human, financial and physical resources Human resources refer to the actual people that will be required, and are available to undertake the tasks associated with the project. Care needs to be taken hare to ensure that you do not underestimate the requirements in this area by not adequately.

David a labor manages a nursery and garden supply while Alison does the administration and book keeping of the business. There are two full time gardeners, a part time land scalping consultant and two part mime cashiers. In the cafe© there are two full time employees and a part time staff who works on lunch hours and on weekend. Another manager is needed to look over the garden as David can manage either the garden on nursery with full concentration but if he manages the garden and as well as the nursery as his concentration will be divides which WI lead to lesser efficiency.

In the cafe© two full time and one part time employee should be hired so they customer can be dealt quickly. To expand the business more Capital will be needed. They are spending on staff approximately seven thousand and three hundred. Physical Resources – They need computers, papers and pens and some other things related business. Mechanical equipment such as trailers delivery trucks, fronted loaders and office equipment such as computers, fax machines, photocopies, phones etc. And also the records including financial statements, profit And loss, sales and company files.. Would try to ensure that my budget adequately plans are proper for: Staff cost Equipment Location cost External expenditure My physical resources including Electronics equipment’s and soft wear Research tools and instruments Products samples Location or premises to run the research project. . 2 EXTERNAL MARKET RESEARCH ASSISTANCE External assistance may be required for your project and costs may be associated with their use. The use of external assistance may also mean that additional allowances may be needed in your timeline to cater for factor outside of your control.

A team for market research should be hired so G. A Gardens get the idea about the demand of the customers and about their competitors. Our researcher tells us that D. A Garden gets the idea about the demand of customers but they like and dislike. We do for this for our Client interviews analysis their attitude behavior patterns. The types of external assistance may include: The use of a specialist market research organization to assist in collecting and analyzing primary data. The purchased of secondary data. Use of external labor, such as contract or temporary staff.

External market research assistance needed from us such as budget plan, staff cost ,equipment cost ,location Their budget for the advertisement, media promotion employee’s bonus, and customer loyalty plans and the other resources as well like: Suppliers can give information about market trends, competitor’s activities, popular ales products, price negotiations and supply quantities. Contractors can give feedback on client attitude. They can tell you what type of gardening are popular in these days. Networks will inform of industry activities, innovation, new products and services techniques and new markets.

Satisfaction levels for customer’s services product quality, availability, advice, response, time and pricing. 2. 3 Possible Research location According to the case study D. A garden is located in main road, opposite a small shopping centre that’s include a supermarket, departments store, cafe and 12 epically shops. Large Bunging store is also located in 2 kilometers down the road. We have to analysis of opportunities area and trying to improve that area, and also find the weakness from the previous data and overcame that for the future. 2. 4 Planned research methodologies.

Exploratory research aimed at gaining a better understanding of a problem or factors surrounding the problem. Exploratory research often concludes that a perceived problem does not actually exist.. The Internet allows for research methods that are more interactive in nature. Exploratory research often relies n secondary research such as reviewing available literature and/or data, or qualitative approaches such as informal discussions with consumers, employees, management or competitors, and more formal approaches through in-depth interviews, focus groups, projective methods, case studies or pilot studies.

It should draw definitive conclusions only with extreme caution. Descriptive research obtains information and data in the form of facts and figures related to a specific topic or problem. Descriptive research is replanted and provides definitive data that can used to draw conclusions. Descriptive research cannot be used to create a causal relationship, where one variable affects another. In other words, descriptive research can be said to have a low requirement for internal validity. The description is used for frequencies, averages and other statistical calculations.

Often the best approach, prior to writing descriptive research, is to conduct a survey investigation. Descriptive research may include observation and survey. Although the data description is factual, accurate and systematic, the research cannot describe what caused a situation. Causal research involves combination of exploratory and descriptive research. This research is aimed at identifying cause and effect relationships between actions and reactions. Casual research might include searching for something on the Internet or giving data of any organization.

It differs from scientific research that is considerably more formal and rigorous in nature and causal research that investigates the effect of one thing on another, the data or information we got from the customers, suppliers and other sources from that information we have to change the market strategy of D. A gardening for profit minimization. . 5 The sample size and nature of your sample They are getting 200 to 300 hundred customers in day they are trying to do best in a future and they want 400 hundred customers in a day You can come here and enjoy our products.

Weekly Monthly Daily Questioners could be given to customers who visit the cafe© so their demand could be known or customers in the shopping centre or in the cafe© could be observed to know which type of food is most demanded by the customer. Nature of sample they have 1400 hundred regular customers in a weak and they want to be around 2000 customer in a weak. 2. The time required and available The time constraints at the project scoping stage refer to the conflict the sometimes occurs between the estimated time that the research will take, and the available time that the client is willing to allow.

This time should refer to how quickly they are expecting results. (B) Data Gathering Approach Quantitative because figures are needed for better research to be done 3. 1 Types of Data required Primary research data means seeking data that does not already exist. It is getting original data that is not available anywhere else and can only be obtained y communication with people or making observation about people and situations . Primary data is usually the most expensive form of data gathering. It is also most valuable, as the data gathered for a specific organization.

Three basic means of obtaining primary data are observation, surveys, and experiments. The choice will be influenced by the nature of the problem and by the availability of time and money. In D. A. Gardening the survey method is useful then other two. Secondary research data is always easier and cheaper to obtain than primary data but it should always be critically evaluated prior to use. Secondary research means seeking data that already exists, such as facts and figures. Common sources of secondary data for social science include censuses, organizational records and data collected through qualitative methodologies or qualitative research.

Primary data, by contrast, are collected by the investigator conducting the research Sources of data Internal data Customer database Past marketing data and/or reports Competitor information gathered by staff. External data Information from publications, such as those available through a literature search Data and information collected by industry experts ,trade associations, or repressions associations Information and data from government sources such as the Australian bureau of statistics.

error: Content is protected !!