Aerial Master Plan Schedule (AMPS) Sample Assignment


Businesses require schedule plans to execute their development plans to maximize profits effectively. The master production schedule is a business financial projection or plan on specific assets or commodities produced over a particular period. The period is usually daily, weekly, or hourly. Examples of processes in a schedule plan include production activities, staffing mechanisms, stock or inventory systems, and cash schedules are often linked to manufacturing management. Manufacturing is creating a utility from a resource to meet designated human necessities. MPS plans or schedules indicate the number of products demanded compared to the projected demand in the market. In manufacturing, production schedules are vital tools for development planning. For example, a manufacturing company producing clothes usually maintains a spreadsheet containing a production schedule or plan containing the list of sales orders in a given period and the quantity made over the specified duration within three to twelve months.

When producing materials for a company, the master production schedule (MPS) is the crucial driver of the raw materials requirements schedule (MRS). Together with bills of the raw materials, the master production schedule determines the necessities of a production schedule to be effective. In manufacturing, the master production schedule is a priority. When mapping a particular master production schedule on a business, there are a few steps to implement the process; map the companies demand market share and generate a demanding schedule ., and evaluate the inputs ( raw materials) needed to get the companies supply and distribution chain in line with production and planning mechanisms.

A master production schedule (MPS) is vital in all business activities. Customers’ requests for services are met by delivering products quickly and cost-effectively. Through scheduling, MPS develops specific schedules for developing sections and components consumed as inputs to raw materials required in planning. A master production schedule can be used for further planning and scheduling throughout a company’s strategic planning. MPS is the business’s core unit that structures and defines the set of assets to be manufactured, outlining the amount to be produced and the time to be delivered. The details of a master production schedule do not define specific components of the assets created but give the quantities manufactured. The MPS usually acts as a mediator between supply and demand by outlining the amount produced and the demand schedule of the market.

MPS Schedule evaluation and simulation

Production and manufacturing business schemes drive the demand market value of the assets produced in most market environments. Therefore, forecasting is essential for planning purposes in most business activities. The master production schedule is often the critical determinant of production and manufacturing activities. The MPS requires a high accuracy level for maximum profitability in such scenarios. In make-to-order business environments and combined production and manufacturing services for companies making standard products, the master production schedule determines the stock required for optimal production.

Standard master production plans are long-term schedules made for specific assets. This is done during the planning horizon ( usually three to two years) over one week’s minimum time frame (bucket). In the process of developing the businesses master production schedule, the steps below were used;

  • Opening stock. These are the units available during week twenty-four of the business. Week twenty-four is week one of our master production schedule.
  • These are the projected outputs over the operations schedule of the business. Foresting helps a company understand the market’s future demand and develop possible mechanisms to meet the demand quantity.
  • Order portfolio. These are the quantity value needed to be compared to the forecasted value. In our business manufacturing, cash account, raw materials, and inventory maintenance, week twenty-five ( week one of operations of the new business owners) is frozen. It is assumed to have a high demand exceeding the forecasted values and costs in the market.
  • Project hand inventory. This is generally the required quantity of inventory assets available to a business entity or electronic commerce website, ready for selling to prospective customers.
  • MPS quantity. These are the total units produced over the scheduled plan to balance supply and demand.

The raw materials inventory of the business outlines the number of inputs required to produce various units of output. Production scheduling is an essential process in determining the production of a company. (Magdalena and Suli 2019). The opening stock of the business in week thirteen was 13,000 units. The demand for products varies with time; week one is often frozen, and the units ordered by customers exceed the forecasted units to be produced. Aerial product materials produced per given order are given at 8000 units, and the items available in 5000 units. The simulated forecasted units between week twenty-five and week twenty-nine are 2,000. Units. The simulated order for week twenty-five exceeds the predicted value but is less than the available. The demand for week twenty-five ( week one of operations of the new business owners) is 2,600 units. The project on-hand stock is the difference between the units at hand and the units ordered by customers in week one.

The difference between the project on hand and the forecasted stock of week two is less than the customer’s orders in week two. Therefore the business can meet production volumes with the available raw materials. In week three, the orders placed by customers exceeded the units available. The simulated customer order of 1,000 units is more than 400 units available from week two. If we produce a given number of units, the raw materials will yield 8,000 units. Therefore, the project at hand inventory is the difference between the maximum number of units produced and the projected customer’s orders. From week thirty to week thirty-five, the projected value of inputs is doubled. The business does receive any orders within the given period.

The distribution of products is directly proportional to the number of goods produced. Therefore, the level of inputs determines a company’s output level (Left et al., 2020). Thus, the new business deliveries are frozen in week one, and no deliveries are made from week twenty-nine. The table below shows the simulated units of raw materials required for production within the given horizon.

Table 1.0 The master schedule plan of raw materials inventory ( week 25 to week 35)

ITEM Aerials
Quantity on hand:          5,000.00 order policy: 8000 units
week 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35
forecast          2,000.00          2,000.00          2,000.00          2,000.00          2,000.00          4,000.00           4,000.00          4,000.00          4,000.00          4,000.00          4,000.00
customer orders          2,600.00          1,400.00          1,000.00              500.00              100.00                           –                            –                           –                           –                           –                           –
project hand inventory          2,400.00              400.00          6,000.00          4,000.00          2,000.00          6,000.00           2,000.00          6,000.00          2,000.00          6,000.00          2,000.00
MPS Quantity                            –                           –          8,000.00                           –                           –          8,000.00                            –          8,000.00                           –          8,000.00                           –
Available to promise          1,000.00          6,400.00          8,000.00          8,000.00          8,000.00

Businesses have financial management plans or schedules, and Proper financial management is significant to economic growth. Business entities have set goals and objectives for financial management. The new business owners have to increase capital. Everyone must retain reserve cash accounts to bail the business into financial constraints. The aerial company has an opening capital of 48,0000. The required starting cash balance is Week one is frozen, and the cash spent exceeds the amount projected. From week twenty-nine to week thirty-five, the spending habits of the new business increase with corresponding zero customer orders. The cost of customer orders remains constant from week thirteen to week fourteen. In week fifteen, the expenses are simulated to retain the same trend.

The income from sales also increases drastically over the given horizon. Increased revenue from sales is simulated to increase over the window period. Increased sales reduce production costs as the realized profits are used to offset the excess costs. The book balance retained by the new business has a profit balance compared to the financial account of the old company, which contained a negative balance. The cash balances are not frozen between week one and week eleven of the new business (week twenty-nine to week thirty-five).

The finished stock is the value of assets ready for consumption. Finished inventory constitutes the sold products. The closing stock ( produced goods that have not been sold) to construct a master plan schedule for the new business. The value of closing stock varies on the horizon. Closing inventory reduces over time, indicating that the new company has a positive return on investment as most of its products are consumed. As the volume of sales increases, a new business has to develop marketing strategies favorable to customers. Advertising increases customers’ awareness about products a particular company sells, thus increasing sales volume. Increased sales improve the profitability of the business.

Manufacturing involves transforming raw materials into more valuable products. The volume of goods manufactured correlates to market demand and manufacturing cost. Labor, overhead costs, and duration have a significant impact on manufacturing. For instance, workers worldwide often have five working days weekly, and the corresponding output level is lower over the weekend. Also, some products have high demand during various times of the week. For example, liquor companies have maximum sales over the weekend when most people are idle. Therefore, manufacturing is affected by many factors that limit a company’s productivity. The new business manufacturing capacity is expected to increase from week twenty-five to week thirty-five. Therefore, the variability of actual production also increases over time. High manufacturing volumes require more labor to meet the increased demand (Girsang & Purwanto, 2017). Therefore, the labor cost is simulated to be hired in the new business than in the old industry.

The new business needs to implement new control and planning schedules that determine the market demands and reconcile possible measures to fill the requests. Planning and monitoring are the essential tools used in the implementation.

The new business owners have many advantages on the new master plan schedule. The previous business had a higher risk of loss due to increased manufacturing overhead costs. High production costs strain the business’s financial base. Stabilized production is essential for manufacturing operations for effective deliveries and enhanced efficiency. Analyzing the market forces enables a company to locate areas where potential bottlenecks or other restrictions are contained. Doing so empowers a business to optimize resources and allows timely deliveries.

For a business to overcome challenges, various techniques are available. For example, SWOT analysis helps one create a strong business strategy by ensuring all the business strengths and weaknesses are accounted for. The weaknesses of a business can be eliminated by; advancing the weakness level. For example, if the company relies on one advertising method, it has to sensitize using other panels. The business can also maximize one weakness to optimize on other loose ends and merge with other business entities with higher financial capability. Capacity management is essential for a business to maximize its potential activities and production output at all times, under all conditions. A business’s capacity evaluates a company’s ability to achieve, produce, or sell within a given period. The new business should evaluate its potential to produce within specified limits and also the capability of meeting its customer demand with the available raw materials. The ability of a business to produce quality goods and services within predefined ranges dictates the business’s ability to meet the market demand without merging with other larger firms. In order to ensure proper capacity management techniques, the new business should observe the following guidelines; recognize the capacity challenges in the new business, if any, incorporate capacity issues into the management process of the new business, establish incentive blocking capacity mitigation measures as well as incentive adjusting capacity correction techniques and strengthening the new strategic capacity management process (McNair & Vangermeersch, 2020).

Inventory management involves ordering, storing, using, and selling new business stock. It involves the process of controlling and managing raw materials. Efficient management of raw materials leads to optimal production in the new business, while poor stock management is bound to deteriorate the production capacity of the new business. Proper raw materials management can be ensured by reducing wastage and recycling raw materials whenever necessary. Stock management is often categorized into four sections, raw materials management, works-in-process management, maintenance, repairs, and operations management. The new business is bound to observe the whole process of stock management to sustain its operation in the market beyond week 35 of the business operations. The new business should keep a weekly close look at the stock turnover, average days for sale, the return on investment, and the stock carrying costs (Wild, 2017).

Lastly, the new business should ensure strict adherence to schedules. Scheduling involves the process of determining where and when operations are necessary to manufacture products is to carry out. Concrete should be established by the new business for the proper structuring of complex projects necessary for the success of the new business. Scheduling tools are essential for daily tasks in a business, such as scheduling work shifts, ordering large projects for reorganizing functional departments or building new facilities in a business setup. Scheduling is a vital tool for business success, and it has been used in planning activities for optimal goal achievement and realization of priorities (Kerzner, 2017). When done effectively, it aids in understanding what can be realistically achieved within a specified period and provides sufficient time for essential tasks.


The master plan schedule (MPS) is essential before a business starts its operations. Through planning, companies set objectives to be achieved within specific periods. Forecasting is a fundamental tool in the production and manufacturing sectors of the business. Deliveries depend entirely on customer orders. New business owners will have a higher financial base than old businesses.


Girsang, A.S. and Purwanto, A., 2017. Controlling system for stock raw materials for production planning and inventory control in a pharmacy company. Int. Rev. Mech. Eng11(11), pp.855-861.

McNair, C. J., & Vangermeersch, R. (2020). Total capacity management: Optimizing at the operational, tactical, and strategic levels. CRC Press.

Wild, T. (2017). Best practice in inventory management. Routledge.

Kerzner, H. (2017). Project management: a systems approach to planning, scheduling, and controlling. John Wiley & Sons.

Magdalena, R. and Suli, T., 2019, May. Forecasting Methods and Implementation of DRP (Distribution Requirement Planning) Methods in Determining the Master Production Schedule. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 528, No. 1, p. 012049). IOP Publishing.

Left, F., Gozali, L. and Marie, I.A., 2020, July. Comparison Study Among Production Planning Research in Some Papers and Industries in Indonesia. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 852, No. 1, p. 012096). IOP Publishing.

Alcohol Use Disorder Free Writing Sample

Alcohol use disorder, the inability to moderate one’s drinking due to a physical and mental tolerance for alcohol, is a hallmark of alcoholism. Alcoholism is characterized by compulsive drinking despite harmful consequences to health and law enforcement. An alcoholic may start each day with a drink, worry about their drinking habits, and wish they drank less. As a general rule, alcoholics exhibit this behavior pattern.

I have experienced my uncle with alcohol use almost messed him up. He was using drugs all his life to forget his problems. The shock of learning my family member was abusing drugs is something I will never forget. Seeing someone who seems sick and suffering so much on the inside that they want to drink their sorrows away, cut themselves, or even take needles and pills as a means of escape can be very upsetting. After he recently experienced heartbreak, he thought it would be amusing to party with a small group of friends by simply spending time with each other. He had no idea at the time that he was about to start drinking heavily or develop an addiction. He drank to forget the pain he was feeling inside because he had issues with his fiancée.

Inevitably, as his drinking progressed, he became aware of a growing sense of instability. He did not believe that he had allowed a simple beverage to control his every move. He attempted to cease, but it was quite challenging. As he spewed, he cried to God and pleaded for forgiveness. Would this help anyone feel better, or would it lead to our demise? No food or sleep entered his system for three consecutive days. Alcohol abuse had reached new heights for him. He liked how it felt when drunk because he no longer had anything to worry about and felt entirely at ease. It is a mystery to many people what causes certain people to develop a drug addiction and how that happens. Many assume that drug addicts lack the moral fiber to overcome their addiction, even if they consciously decide. When he started, he used to spend nearly $50 per week and was not even sleeping at home.

One day he was upset and took metronidazole to ease the pain in his stomach after suffering some discomfort one day. Considering his drunken state, it seems reasonable that he has missed the warning label against combining beer and metronidazole. The combination of metronidazole and alcohol can produce symptoms similar to disulfiram. To some extent, it is like what happens when someone drinks while on the drug disulfiram (Antabuse). Disulfiram is commonly provided to patients with alcohol use disorder to produce adverse effects following alcohol consumption. He felt like he was about to pass out, and his heart raced after taking the medication. He was sweating bullets from nervousness, and as a result, he stopped drinking. He went to a medical and psychiatric center after suffering from alcohol withdrawal symptoms. With the help of the professionals there, he could get better altogether.

Impacts of alcoholism

Alcoholism has profound and far-reaching consequences for a person’s health and physical well-being. Between 2015 and 2019, excessive alcohol use in the United States was the direct cause of more than 140,000 annual deaths and the premature loss of 3.6 million years of life (CDC). Moreover, between the ages of 20 and 49, one of every five deaths can be attributed to excessive alcohol consumption. In 2010, excessive drinking cost the economy $249 billion, or $2.05 per drink, according to CDC.

Abnormal behavior and injuries are more likely to occur when people consume too much alcohol. Alcohol poisoning, a life-threatening condition caused by a toxic level of alcohol in the bloodstream, is one possible outcome of this. Consumers who drink alcohol are more likely to engage in sexually risky conduct, such as sex without protection or with multiple partners conditions caused by a toxic level of alcohol in the bloodstream are one possible outcome of this (CDC). Consumers who drink alcohol are more likely to engage in sexually risky conduct, such as sex without protection or with multiple partners. These actions can lead to unwanted pregnancies and the spread of sexually transmitted illnesses like HIV.

Long-term alcohol use is linked to an increased risk of hypertension, cardiovascular disease, stroke, liver disease, and some cancers. It can also weaken the immune system, making it more likely that the individual will fall ill. Also, Consistent alcohol use leads to memory and learning problems, such as dementia and underperformance in school. It can cause mental health and social issues, including troubles at home, at work, and even in the job market.

Alcohol cessation and impact on the brain, body, and mental health

There is a risk of mental and physical problems when someone who has been drinking heavily for weeks, months, or even years suddenly cuts back drastically or quits drinking altogether. If someone only drinks on rare occasions, they will not likely experience withdrawal after they stop drinking. Alcohol consumption changes how the body works. The brain’s activity slows, disrupting the nerves’ communication ability (Abrahao et al. 1227.). Over time, alcohol causes the brain and nervous system to become used to its presence. The body’s combined efforts keep the mind sharper and the nervous system talking to one another. Even after the blood alcohol concentration drops significantly, the brain stays hyperactive. That is why so many people are leaving.

Withdrawal symptoms become severe when one continues drinking heavily for a more extended period. As early as 6 hours after the cessation of drinking, one may begin to experience some odd sensations. Milder symptoms include anxiety, sweating, trouble sleeping, and spitting up (DiLonardo). When someone abstains from alcohol for 12–24 hours, they will notice some improvements, but the real problems start soon after. Symptoms like convulsions and hallucinations are common at this time. Most people with delirium tremens experience nausea and vomiting within 48 to 72 hours of quitting alcohol. About 5% of those experiencing alcohol withdrawal report experiencing these signs and symptoms. Additional impacts of alcohol cessation on the body include dehydration, an electrolyte imbalance, and withdrawal symptoms (DiLonardo). Headaches, weariness, and dizziness are all symptoms that can be brought on by dehydration, while an electrolyte imbalance can bring on an irregular heartbeat, muscle cramps, and seizures. Anxiety, restlessness, and tremors are all examples of symptoms that can occur during withdrawal.

Management of Alcohol Use Disorder and Withdrawal Symptoms

Several techniques effectively manage alcohol use disorder, one of which is behavioral. People can change their behavior and learn new skills with the help of behavioral therapy to help them better manage their alcohol use disorder. These treatments can assist individuals in maintaining their participation in treatment, preventing relapses, and better managing their symptoms (Flanagan 183). In treating alcohol consumption disorder, behavioral therapies can teach patients how to deal with stressful situations without turning to alcohol, steer clear of situations that put them at increased risk for drinking, and adhere to their treatment plan. In addition to this, it encourages alcoholics to make adjustments in their lifestyle that are beneficial to their health, to cultivate a network of family and friends who can provide support, to regulate their emotions positively, and to learn to cope with the triggers that cause them to want to drink. Both individual and group settings are appropriate for the delivery of behavioral therapy. They could occur in a hospital, an outpatient setting, or a facility for recovering addicts and alcoholics.

Because it allows patients to discuss their experiences and emotions with others going through challenges comparable to theirs, group therapy is another effective treatment modality for alcohol consumption disorder. The group members can freely share the difficulties they are encountering within an atmosphere that is both secure and encouraging, where they may also receive feedback and motivation from their peer’s alcohol consumption disorder. The group members can freely share the difficulties they are encountering within an atmosphere that is both secure and encouraging, where they may also receive feedback and motivation from their peers. Through group therapy, group members can acquire new coping and problem-solving skills, grow in self-awareness, and gain insight into the thoughts and behaviors that lead to their alcohol use. In addition, persons who participate in group therapy may be better able to establish a network of peers who can provide continual encouragement and inspiration as they work through the recovery process.

Pharmaceuticals are the most effective treatment method for people who have withdrawal symptoms after quitting smoking. Sedatives and anticonvulsants are used to treat patients who suffer from tremors and seizures (Kosten et al. 57). Those who acquire psychotic symptoms should be treated with antipsychotics because that is the recommended therapy. In addition, taking a vitamin B supplement is essential to make up for the malabsorption of vitamin B that occurs directly from alcohol consumption.

From what I experienced with my uncle and what I have read about, I learned that alcoholism is a disease that can be very difficult to overcome. I also learned that it is essential to seek professional help to recover from alcoholism. It is possible to live a sober life after overcoming alcoholism. I learned that people need to be honest with themself about their alcoholism and their reasons for wanting to stop for it to be easy for them. They must be willing to ask for help and support and be open to change.

Works Cited

Abrahao, Karina P et al. “Alcohol and the Brain: Neuronal Molecular Targets, Synapses, and Circuits.” Neuron vol. 96,6 (2017): 1223-1238. doi:10.1016/j.neuron.2017.10.032

CDC, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. “Drinking Too Much Alcohol Can Harm Your Health. Learn the Facts.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 14 Apr. 2022,,liverdiseaseanddigestiveproblems.&text=Cancerofthebreastmouth,livercolonandrectum.

DiLonardo, Mary Jo. “Alcohol Withdrawal: Symptoms, Treatment and Alcohol Detox Duration.” WebMD, WebMD, 26 Nov. 2021,

Flanagan, Julianne C et al. “Behavioral Treatments for Alcohol Use Disorder and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.” Alcohol research: current reviews vol. 39,2 (2018): 181–192.

Kosten, Thomas R, and Louis E Baxter. “Review article: Effective management of opioid withdrawal symptoms: A gateway to opioid dependence treatment.” The American journal on addictions vol. 28,2, 2019: 55-62. doi:10.1111/ajad.12862

Amazon Organizational Management Essay Example


Jeff Bezos established Amazon in 1994, a company that sells goods via the internet and is based in the United States (Sandeep & Pohutezhini, 2019). With its headquarters headquartered in Seattle, Washington, the company has grown to become one of the most successful and significant examples of an internet business model anywhere in the world. Amazon has more than 310 million active consumers coming from different countries and regions all over the world, making it the largest and most successful online marketplace. Amazon provides its customers with a diverse selection of goods, some of which include books, electronics, fashion, home and garden items, music, movies, and even more. Amazon Prime, Amazon Web Services, Amazon Music, Amazon Video, and Amazon Fresh are just some of the corporation’s additional products and services.

Amazon was initially just a modest online bookstore, but it swiftly expanded to become one of the largest and most profitable corporations in the entire world. Early on in its existence, Amazon established a strong reputation among consumers thanks to the competitiveness of its prices and the quality of its support for end users, which enabled the company to capture a significant portion of the market. By 2001, Amazon had already established itself as the most successful online retailer in the United States. In the years that followed, it went on to become the most successful online retailer in the entire globe (Sadq et al.,2018). Amazon sells billions of things, including consumer electronics, fashion, furniture, books, music, and movies, among many more categories.

Amazon is in a class by itself regarding how it has revolutionized the way people shop because of the managerial principles it employs. The company is responsible for developing various ground-breaking technologies and services that make going shopping less complicated and more convenient. For instance, the Amazon Prime subscription service grants users access to Amazon’s Prime Video and Prime Music streaming services and provide free shipping that is expedited to the customer’s doorstep in only two business days. Additionally, clients in some regions can take advantage of Amazon’s same-day delivery service and even arrange to have their items delivered to their houses at no additional cost. Amazon additionally provides additional services such as Amazon Fresh, a grocery delivery service, and Amazon Web Services, a cloud computing platform.

Amazon is in the business of selling products in a variety of different markets in addition to its core competency in online retail sales. Amazon is the parent company of a number of businesses, including Audible, Twitch, Goodreads, and IMDb, amongst others (Kashyap, & Dwesar, 2021). Zappos is an online company that sells shoes and clothing, while Whole Foods Market is a chain of organic grocery stores. Both of these businesses are owned by Amazon. Amazon also runs a variety of other businesses, such as Amazon Studios, a film and television Production Company, and Amazon Web Services, a cloud computing platform. Both of these businesses are owned and operated by Amazon.

In large part, Amazon’s success may be attributed to the company’s emphasis on providing excellent customer service, its propensity for innovation, and its capacity to respond effectively to the ever-evolving requirements of its clientele. The organization has made significant investments in many forms of technology, and the web platform that it uses is consistently undergoing development. Amazon’s meteoric rise to the top of the e-commerce world can be attributed, in large part, to the company’s unwavering commitment to delivering the very best shopping experience for its customers. Amazon is well-known for both the quality of its customer care as well as the company’s dedication to delivering the very best shopping experience to every one of its clients.

Amazon has become one of the most successful corporations in the world, and a major part of its success can be attributed to the fact that the company emphasizes both technological advancement and excellent customer service. The company’s business model is constantly adapting to meet the ever-evolving requirements of its patrons, which has resulted in the company’s successful revolutionization of how individuals do their shopping activities online. Amazon has grown into one of the world’s most successful and inventive businesses thanks to its emphasis on providing excellent customer service, its commitment to innovation, and its capacity to respond effectively to the ever-evolving demands of its clientele.

The company is known for its innovative approach to business, which has been instrumental in its success. The management practices of Amazon are reflective of a variety of different management theories, including classical and scientific management, the human relations theory, the systems approach, and the contingency method of management (Reyes et al., 2018). The human relations theory, the systems approach to management, and the contingency approach to management will be the primary focuses of this paper. The paper will also discuss how Amazon has utilized these management concepts and ideologies to achieve success.

Human Relation Theory

The human relations theory of management can also be seen reflected in Amazon’s management methods. Elton Mayo and his coworkers at the Hawthorne Works in Illinois, United States of America, came up with the Human Relations Idea of Management in the 1930s. This theory is also known as the Hawthorne Effect. This theory proposes that workers’ performance is impacted by the social environment in which they execute their jobs and that workers’ motivation stems from factors other than monetary compensation alone. The Human Relations Theory emphasizes the significance of social needs, such as the need for recognition, the desire to be valued and accepted by one’s contemporaries, and the need for job fulfillment (Ali & Anwar, 2021). It implies that managers should make an effort to form stronger relationships with their staff and create an environment that encourages collaboration and open communication. The idea also highlights how important it is to examine the workplace’s psychological and social components, such as workplace morale and how satisfied an employee is with their employment.

The Human Relations Theory of Management has had a significant impact on a number of contemporary management practices. It has been utilized to explain why particular management strategies, such as job enrichment, employee involvement, and participative management, have been beneficial in enhancing employee engagement and satisfaction. In addition, it highlights how important it is to pay attention to the requirements of employees and to understand how those needs might be satisfied to establish a productive and good working environment.

One organization that is a good example of putting the Human Relations Theory of Management into practice is Amazon is a corporation that places a high value on its employees and strives to create an atmosphere that fosters open dialogue, promotes teamwork, and inspires creativity (Hermawan & Hindrawati, 2021). Amazon has fostered a culture that values its employees and their contributions by providing them with professional development, advancement, and achievement opportunities. Amazon fosters a culture of innovation throughout the company, which encourages people to think creatively and take calculated risks. In addition, Amazon offers its employees a variety of benefits and bonuses, such as health and wellness programs, flexible working hours, and alternatives for child care.

In addition, Amazon has put in place a variety of management policies and procedures that are consistent with the Human Relations Theory of Management (HRTM). For instance, Amazon has adopted a participative management style in which employees are actively encouraged to contribute input and discuss ideas with one another (Edmondson, & Besieux, 2021). Additionally, Amazon allows its workers to participate in group projects and actively promotes communication and cooperation among its staff members. Within the organization, this helps establish relationships and trust among employees. In conclusion, Amazon has introduced various programs and initiatives, such as recognition awards, bonuses, and promotions, to recognize and reward people for their excellence in their jobs.

The Human Relations Theory of Management has been successfully applied at Amazon, resulting in a more productive and upbeat atmosphere for employees. Amazon has succeeded in fostering an environment at work that is conducive to teamwork and open communication by fostering a culture that values innovation and respects its employees. Amazon has developed a culture that values and appreciates its employees by ensuring they are given the opportunity to learn, grow, and succeed in their careers. Last but not least, Amazon has shown that it is serious about recognizing and appreciating its employees for the contributions they make to the company through the management practices and programs it has implemented.

Systems Approach Management

The systems approach is one that Amazon has included in its management practices. The systems approach to management is a holistic method that primarily emphasizes gaining an in-depth comprehension of the multifaceted nature of the environment in which a company operates (Daniel et al., 2022). It blends several management ideas into a single coherent whole and sees companies not as closed systems but as open systems that are constantly changing in response to their surroundings. In recent years, the systems approach has seen a rise in popularity due to its emphasis on the benefits of collaboration and the necessity for companies to be sensitive to changes in their environment.

At its most fundamental level, the systems approach emphasizes gaining knowledge of the relationships between the many components of an organization and the influence that external forces have on the organization as a whole. It acknowledges that the success or failure of an organization cannot be pinned down to a solitary issue but is rather the product of interactions between the numerous components that make up the system as a whole. As a result, the systems approach is geared toward locating and analyzing the myriad of components that make up the system and the connections between those components to pinpoint places in which there may be room for enhancement.

The systems approach emphasizes the significance of coordination and open lines of communication across the various departments and functions that make up an organization. It is commonly believed that if organizations make it easier for their employees to collaborate and communicate with one another, they will be better able to adapt to changes in their surrounding environment and develop strategies that will be more successful in helping them achieve their objectives. In addition to this, the systems approach places emphasis on the necessity for businesses to be proactive and flexible in response to changes in their surrounding environment. This helps to ensure that businesses are able to swiftly and effectively adjust their operations in response to shifting market conditions, which is essential for maintaining a competitive advantage.

The systems method has been effectively used by a wide variety of various kinds of companies, one of which is Amazon. Amazon is a great illustration of how the systems approach may help a company succeed, and it’s worth noting that it uses this strategy. Amazon’s success can be attributed, at least in part, to the company’s capacity to adjust rapidly to shifting conditions in its operating environment, such as shifts in the preferences of individual customers or advancements in technological capabilities. Amazon has also effectively harnessed technology and data to identify customer wants and develop new products and services. This has been a successful strategy for Amazon.

Amazon’s use of data to drive business decisions is another illustration of how the company applies the systems approach in its operations. Amazon has established a sophisticated data collection and processing system, which enables the company to recognize consistent patterns and trends in the behavior of its customers (Dash et al., 2019). After collecting this information, the next step is to use it to design marketing tactics and product offerings that are more effective. This strategy, powered by data, enables Amazon to understand its customers’ requirements better and react more swiftly to shifts in its operating environment.

Last but not least, in order to develop a supply chain that is both efficient and effective, Amazon has effectively utilized the systems approach. Amazon has been successful in locating and cultivating partnerships with suppliers who are able to supply the items and services that customers require (Payne et al., 2020). Amazon has also established a vast network of warehouses and distribution facilities worldwide, enabling the company to deliver products to clients in a prompt and organized manner. Amazon’s ability to continue to compete and fulfill its customers’ needs is largely thanks to the company’s supply chain.

The systems approach to management is a useful tool for businesses and other organizations that want to maintain their competitive edge while also being able to respond effectively to shifting conditions in their environment. Amazon is a great illustration of a company that has successfully leveraged the systems approach to develop data-driven decision-making, create an efficient and effective supply chain, and react swiftly to shifting conditions in its environment. Amazon is one of the most well-known examples of this type of organization. The systems approach is a powerful instrument that can assist firms in maintaining their competitive edge and achieving success in a business environment that is constantly shifting and evolving.

Contingency Approach

The contingency management strategy is reflected in Amazon’s business practices as a management philosophy. The contingency approach is a method of management that emphasizes the significance of adapting managerial and organizational procedures to shifting situations in the surrounding environment (Chaib et al., 2020). Organizations can improve their efficacy and productivity by learning to adjust to the shifting conditions of their environments. This strategy is predicated on the concept that determining the course of action that is most suitable in light of the existing conditions is the most effective method for managing a given issue. It is a flexible strategy that places emphasis on the requirement to be ready for every possibility that may arise. This strategy is especially vital in today’s fast-shifting business climate, in which companies must react quickly and efficiently to changes in their surroundings to maintain their competitive edge.

The premise behind the Contingency Approach, the foundation of the approach’s name, is that the most effective method for managing a situation is to figure out which reaction is the most appropriate given the current circumstances. This strategy is predicated on the concept that there is no universal method for managing organizational processes and activities and that the most effective way to handle a situation is to choose which course of action is most suitable given the specifics of the scenario. The strategy is predicated on the concept that the environment in which the organization operates is in a state of perpetual change and that the organization, in order to maintain its position as a competitive force in the market, must be able to adapt to new circumstances and respond appropriately.

A wide variety of companies, including Amazon, amongst others, utilize the Contingency Approach. This strategy is utilized by Amazon in order to manage the organization’s operations and activities in a manner that is responsive to the ever-evolving requirements of customers, the conditions of the market, and the breakthroughs in technology (Bonnet & Westerman, 2021). Amazon’s business model is continuously evolving to accommodate its customers and the industry’s ever-shifting requirements, and this is accomplished through the company’s commitment to continuous process improvement. For instance, Amazon has recently launched a new personal assistant called Alexa that can be used to make purchases, check the weather, and play music. This is an illustration of how Amazon utilizes the Contingency Approach in order to adapt to the ever-shifting requirements and preferences of its customers.

Amazon additionally implements the Contingency Approach in order to adapt to the ever-shifting conditions of the market. For instance, Amazon has just launched a new customer loyalty program called Amazon Prime to fulfill customers’ requirements better and maintain its position as a competitive player. In order for the business to maintain its position as a competitive player in the market and to fulfill the ever-evolving requirements of its clientele, the operations and activities of the company are being continuously modified and adapted.

Amazon employs another strategy known as the Contingency Approach in order to maintain its position of leadership in the industry. The organization prioritizes staying on the cutting edge of emerging technology and business strategies that could provide it with a competitive advantage in the market. For instance, Amazon recently purchased the Whole Foods grocery chain to strengthen its position in the grocery market and improve its ability to compete with other supermarkets and food retailers (Livingstone & Knezevic, 2020). This is an illustration of how Amazon makes use of the Contingency Approach in order to keep one step ahead of the competition and to adapt to shifting conditions in the market.

The Contingency Approach is a valuable management strategy that can assist businesses in achieving success in today’s dynamic and unpredictable business climate. Organizations have the potential to improve their efficacy and productivity by placing a greater emphasis on their ability to modify their operations in response to shifting environmental conditions. Amazon is a fantastic illustration of a firm that has effectively adopted the Contingency Approach to keep its competitive edge in the market and adapt to its clientele’s shifting requirements.


In general, Amazon’s management techniques are reflective of a range of management theories, such as the human relations theory, the systems approach, and the contingency approach to management. The organization has put in place various methods and procedures to guarantee that its operations are functioning as effectively and efficiently as possible. In addition, the organization has made measures to guarantee that its managers are provided with the essential skills and expertise to lead effectively and to adapt their management styles to match the company’s evolving requirements.


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