African, Latino, And Asian Heritage Assessment Essay Sample For College

Introduction

The effect of heritage on people’s well-being is often underrated, yet it affects one’s understanding of health and, therefore, its management approach to an extensive degree. Thus, by performing a heritage analysis, one will be able to locate general trends regarding health management, its promotion, protection, and restoration, healthy habits development, and the risks of developing certain diseases and disorders. To identify the effects of the heritage assessment tool, three families were chosen.

The first one is represented by a 43-year-old African American man, the second is studied by performing an evaluation of a 23-year-old Latino man, and the third one is explored by analyzing the test results of a 21-year-old Asian woman. Although the test results were strikingly different in each case, common tendencies were identified in the process of assessment, the significance of family connections and the importance of family beliefs being the key ones.

Therefore, to administer appropriate treatment to the members of specified communities, one will have to ensure that family members support patients strongly in their decision to recover, and that family members are willing to cooperate with healthcare practitioners.

The test outcomes showed that each of the participants had strong ties with their families and was aware of their family’s history. The importance of religion in the lives of respondents also turned out to be very high. Furthermore, religious practices were actively supported by all family members, therefore, serving as the means of cementing the unity between family members. In addition, the significance of communication for each of the respondents stretches beyond their families and implies the consistent dialogue with the members of their communities.

However, it should be noted that there were certain differences in the results of the test among the participants. For example, the African American respondent mentioned that his family did not have any specific ethnic food, which was not the case with the Asian and Latino respondents. In addition, only the Latino respondent indicated that English was not his native language, whereas the Japanese and the African American participants referred to the English language as their native tongue. Nevertheless, most of the answers provided by the participants of the test were quite similar. The people taking the test showed a very strong connection to not only their families but also their community members.

Common Health Traditions

The similarity in the health traditions of the test participants is rather impressive. However, there are certain differences regarding how these traditions are represented in each case. For example, the emphasis on family unity is very powerful in the responses provided by the African American man, the Asian woman, and the Latino man. However, in the case of the Asian respondent, a certain dependence on the family could be noticed in the answers provided to the test.

In contrast to the situation that could be observed in the family environment of the African American and Latino participant, the Asian one seemed to be controlled by her family and discouraged from developing independent behaviors. The specified phenomenon may have detrimental effects on the management of the participant’s health-related needs, i.e., health management, promotion, protection, and restoration. For example, in case the family perspective of health management and treatment of specific diseases or disorders does not align with the one provided by a healthcare practitioner, the process of treatment may be hampered significantly (Perrino et al., 2016).

Therefore, it is crucial to focus on the active promotion of health literacy in the identified scenario. Particularly, in the case of the Asian woman, it will be imperative to encourage not only her but also her family members to educate themselves about contemporary health issues, major concerns, and the methods of addressing them, respectively. Otherwise, the threat of developing the scenario in which the process of health protection or restoration becomes impossible due to the objections on the side of family members becomes increasingly high.

The emphasis on religion, which was evident in the responses given by the African American and Latino men taking part in the test, can also be viewed as the factor that will have a massive impact on health promotion and management. For instance, the focus on religion can be used as a tool for introducing patients to the principles of religious coping (Holt, Clark, Debnam, Roth, 2014). The specified concept implies addressing serious health issues with an attitude that is based on faith and, thus, prevents a patient from developing depression and be affected by stress (Brewer, Robinson, Sumra, Tatsi, & Gire, 2015).

Nonetheless, the concept of religious coping may also have deleterious effects on a patient’s health if used as the means of shielding oneself from a problem instead of facing it, e.g., using religious coping with managing substance abuse issues (Holt et al., 2014). To promote health by using the participants’ religious beliefs, one will have to ensure that religion and faith are used solely as the platform for developing a positive attitude toward health problems.

It is remarkable that there was a significant difference in the responses about cooking and consuming ethnic food. While the Latino and Japanese respondents admitted that they enjoyed their ethnic food and consumed it quite often, the African American participant did not indicate a major propensity toward ethnic food consumption. The specified phenomenon has unique implications for each test respondent. For instance, seeing that the Asian meals can be described as comparatively healthy, consisting primarily of vegetables and seafood, the diet of the Asian woman can be regarded as rather healthy (Liu et al., 2017).

The fact that the Latino man was also enthusiastic about eating his traditional meals, however, leads to the assumption that the participant’s diet may consist of a significant amount of butter, sugar, cheese, and other types of fats and carbohydrates that can affect the participant’s health negatively (Perrino et al., 2016). Therefore, the introduction of moderation principles that will allow the participant to control his dieting habits and focus on consuming food that is rich in protein and vitamins should be regarded as important.

Conclusion

Although the respondents belong to different cultures, the similarities in their test answers suggest that common therapeutic measures can be used to encourage health promotion, protection, management, and restoration. Specifically, one must consider improving communication between health practitioners and patients’ families to ensure cooperation and support by patients’ families. If disregarded, the specified issue may affect the successful management of patients’ needs.

Furthermore, patients’ religious practices can be used to guide them through, especially difficult treatment processes. Finally, one must ensure that culture-specific tradition in the choice of food should not affect patients’ health. An elaborate diet that incorporates the elements of patients’ traditional cuisine is recommended.

References

Assari, S., Dejman, M., & Neighbors, H. W. (2016). Ethnic differences in separate and additive effects of anxiety and depression on self-rated mental health among Blacks. Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities, 3(3), 423-430. Web.

Brewer, G., Robinson, S., Sumra, A., Tatsi, E., & Gire, N. (2015). The influence of religious coping and religious social support on health behavior, health status, and health attitudes in a British Christian sample. Journal of Religion and Health, 54(6), 2225-2234. Web.

Holt, C. L., Clark, E. M., Debnam, K. J., & Roth, D. L. (2014). Religion and health in African Americans: The role of religious coping. American Journal of Health Behavior, 38(2), 190-199. Web.

Liu, Y., Buchanan, S., Anderson, H. A., Xiao, Z., Persky, V., & Turyk, M. E. (2018). Association of methylmercury intake from seafood consumption and blood mercury level among the Asian and Non-Asian populations in the United States. Environmental Research, 160, 212-222. Web.

Perrino, T., Pantin, H., Huang, S., Brincks, A., Brown, C. H., & Prado, G. (2016). Reducing the risk of internalizing symptoms among high‐risk Hispanic youth through a family intervention: A randomized controlled trial. Family Process, 55(1), 91-106. Web.

Informatics In The Clinical Setting

The modern period of social development is characterized by a strong influence of computer technologies that penetrate into all the spheres of human activity and ensure the dissemination of information flows. Medicine is one of those areas where the introduction of appropriate equipment today is an essential and integral component of effective care. Informatics in the clinical setting helps to significantly alleviate tasks for both doctors and junior medical personnel.

In order to analyze the impact of computer technologies on the quality of care, the activity of a specialist in monitoring an electronic database of patients will be considered. Based on the interview with the employee, such topics will be considered as the impact of activities on the quality of care, the difficulties that arise during work, as well as the skills that are required. The implementation of informatics in the clinical setting in accordance with the adopted reforms in the field of medicine allows achieving successful delivery of medical care and contributes to the simplification of all functions performed by personnel.

Role Description and Education Level

The main task of the specialist in the control of patients’ electronic database is to monitor the storage of information entered and the systematization of all sections. Also, in case of the program malfunction or failure, the employee needs to timely remove all the defects so that they could not negatively affect the medical personnel’s work and the quality of care. In order to use this database and have access to its management, it is required to complete a special training course based on the study of the program features and the peculiarities of its work. Theoretically, any employee can learn to operate in the electronic program after the full period of training.

Impact of the Role on Patient Safety and Care

The influence of the interviewee’s work on patient safety and the quality of care is obvious. Doctors and nurses have much faster access to information about each necessary patient if relevant data are in the electronic register and are not stored in paper documents. Moreover, according to Singh and Sittig (2016), the use of such an information system reduces the number of potential nursing errors, which is essential in the clinical setting.

Information cannot be lost because it is located on external storage resources. Significant benefits are also noted for medical personnel since, at any moment, every physician of a particular clinic can look at any patient’s medical history where procedures, medications, consultations, and other important information will be displayed. Therefore, monitoring the operation of the entire system is an important task.

Human Factors and Other Challenges

In the process of working with an electronic database, some challenges may arise. Thus, for instance, human factors can negatively affect the functioning of the system – incorrect data recording, an error in indicating the storage location, and mistakes errors caused by inattention. Also, the unpreparedness of employees can cause failures in the system. If the staff does not have any skills to work with specific software, it can significantly slow down the speed of work and, as a consequence, negatively affect the quality of care. Meeks et al. (2014) claim that in the process of working with electronic systems in the clinical setting, unforeseen difficulties can arise with the security of data stored in the program. The work of the control specialist means tracking possible failures and their timely elimination.

Gained Insights

When evaluating the conducted interview concerning the content of the respondent’s answers, it is possible to note the high level of specialist training not only in the sphere under consideration but also in healthcare issues. According to the survey results, the interviewee underwent special training courses to be prepared for working in the electronic patient data storage system. Before these courses, the specialist worked as a nurse in the clinic.

The existing experience is important since in the process of using the software, not only technical nuances can be taken into account but also some issues related to healthcare. Thus, for example, in case of inaccurate or erroneous data input in the register, the respondent can notice it and point out a mistake to the colleague. Thus, versatile skills allow the interviewee to successfully cope with specific tasks and at the same time have a good reputation as a responsible and qualified employee.

Impact of Governing Agencies on Patient Care

In order for work to comply with the modern standards of the quality of medical care, some governing agencies serve as supervisory boards. One of them is the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), which is engaged in evaluating patient safety indicators. As Guise et al. (2014) note, AHRQ examines complex cases of medical interventions and monitors the activities of all healthcare employees, including junior medical personnel.

Another agency is the Joint Commission Patient Safety Goals that also monitors the quality of direct patient care and controls compliance with the provisions of physician and nursing codes. The impact of these organs is significant since they are endowed with substantial full powers and can impose severe sanctions on those clinical settings where violations are detected.

Utilized Informatics Reform

The constant development of the healthcare sector is largely due to relevant legislative changes. One of such changes is the Technology Informatics Guiding Education Reform (TIGER). As O’Connor, Hubner, Shaw, Blake, and Ball (2017) remark, TIGER “was established in 2006 in the United States to develop key areas of informatics in nursing” (p. 78). The provisions of this reform determine the constant updating of existing software to improve the quality of patient care and access to modern healthcare technologies.

Regarding the electronic database under consideration, TIGER’s activity allows the successful implementation of this system in a specific clinical setting. This approach makes it possible to significantly improve the level of opportunities for medical workers and simplify the tasks for nurses who constantly work with patients and are forced to remember much information. TIGER helps to make care more modern and safe, which is important in the conditions of requirements to the level of medical aid.

Conclusion

The introduction of an up-to-date and valuable electronic patient information storage system in the clinical setting makes it possible to significantly simplify the task for medical personnel and provide patient safety. The role of the interviewee is essential since monitoring the program requires professionalism and the availability of relevant skills. A number of challenges can arise in the process of work, which can be caused by human factors and other circumstances. Certain management agencies control the implementation of modern technologies in the healthcare system and act as supervisory boards that are responsible for equipping clinical settings with the necessary equipment.

References

Guise, J. M., Chang, C., Viswanathan, M., Glick, S., Treadwell, J., Umscheid, C. A.,… Anderson, J. (2014). Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Evidence-based Practice Center methods for systematically reviewing complex multicomponent health care interventions. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 67(11), 1181-1191.

Meeks, D. W., Smith, M. W., Taylor, L., Sittig, D. F., Scott, J. M., & Singh, H. (2014). An analysis of electronic health record-related patient safety concerns. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, 21(6), 1053-1059.

O’Connor, S., Hubner, U., Shaw, T., Blake, R., & Ball, M. (2017). Time for TIGER to ROAR! Technology Informatics Guiding Education Reform. Nurse Education Today, 58, 78-81.

Singh, H., & Sittig, D. F. (2016). Measuring and improving patient safety through health information technology: The Health IT Safety Framework. BMJ Quality & Safety, 25(4), 226-232.

Linear Programming Models Review

Summary

In business, linear programming models have the potential to be used in profit optimization. As evidenced in the article by Maurya, Misra, Anderson, and Shukla (2015), linear programming can be used to facilitate the integration of effective quantitative techniques to predict the need for profit optimization. Using the example of an Ethiopian chemical company, the researchers found that the use of the method could be helpful in determining the limitations in the capabilities of organizations. In order to use the model in business, for example, the e-commerce industry, it is essential to identify its needs and unique factors.

The need of the industry is capturing as many potential customers as possible and ensuring that they buy a certain product that a company offers. A unique factor of the industry is the fact that sales take place online. The linear model can be used for profit optimization of an e-commerce company through identifying the number of products in stock and the frequency of their purchasing as combined with marketing efforts to get a maximum daily profit. The linear model addresses the challenge of forecasting the capacity of an e-commerce company to sell the maximum number of units possible.

Managers of organizations are encouraged to use linear programming methods to find the most beneficial arrangement of finance, determine the most appropriate times for starting and ending projects, as well as choose those tasks that would minimize the costs and increase profits (Anderson et al., 2016). Linear programming thus is intended for optimizing a “dependent variable subject to independent variables in a linear relationship” (Maurya et al., 2016, p. 52).

In financial contexts, dependent variables are predominantly set as objective functions for such economic concepts as sales, cost, income, production, and others. Independent variables in these contexts are variables of unknown value, which means that decision-makers should calculate their value through solving a problem. Thus, the linear modeling tool is important to consider because it offers a degree of objectivity and accuracy that other methods lack. Unfortunately, few companies use the method and rely predominantly on intuition and ‘trial and error’ solutions.

Reaction

In the exploration of linear modeling, it is important to mention the study by Maurya et al. (2015) that studied profit optimization with the use of linear programming by providing an example of an Ethiopian chemical company. The authors focused on underlining the need for companies to begin using quantitative techniques more frequently in order to be more effective in their forecasting methods. Still, the use of such programming tools has their peculiarities, which is why it is essential to use quantitative techniques to determine obstacles as well as become more profitable in the long-run.

The research is significant for understanding the most effective ways to make strategic decisions with the help of quantitative models. The study was intended to provide an in-depth understanding and insight into the application of methods of linear programming within industries as well as how they could be applied in real-life contexts. Important recommendations developed by the researchers were related to encouraging companies to use linear programming methods in order to determine their process limitations and solve them accordingly. More studies on the topic are needed because the information available at this time is limited to a few industries and problems that are relevant in those contexts.

References

Anderson, D. R., Sweeney, D. J., Williams, T. A., Camm, J. D., Cochran, J. L., Fry, M. J., & Ohlmann, J. W. (2016). Quantitative methods for business with CengageNOW (13th ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.

Maurya, V., Misra, R., Anderson, P., & Shukla, K. (2016). Profit optimization using linear programming model: A case study of Ethiopian chemical company. American Journal of Biological and Environmental Statistics, 1(2), 51-57.

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