Aging And Ageism Social Problem Free Writing Sample

A social problem exists due to aging and ageism, which affect people in society regarding their physical and mental health (M Libraries Publishing, 2015, p. 233-236). The social theory chosen to explain the existence of the social problem is structural-functionalism which posits that people’s relationships, norms, and roles regulate how a society serves its existence. Aging and ageism a problem since many aged people have to live in nursing homes due to lack of time by their family members to take care of them, lack of financial security and employment, and workplace ageism, which causes aged persons to appear as not fit to work (M Libraries Publishing, 2015, p. 233-236). There is a strong need to analyze the social problem to facilitate productive change management of health, safety, and resource distribution for the aging population.

Structural functionalism explains that social change is an adaptive response to an existing tension within a social system (Spacey, 2020). Aging and ageism thus qualify as a problem since their connection to structural functionalism reveals that tension exists in society when people advance to an age where they need support from the government, community health organizations, and their relatives. Cultural changes are the main factors affecting social development factors among the aging community members based on the need to implement significant focus for all persons. Society can form a culture of identifying aging people as having limited benefits to their external environment, thus causing them social isolation (M Libraries Publishing, 2015). Social work should focus on creating change among all communities to reduce cases of unfairness.

Structural functionalism can explain why the problem of aging and ageism exists since it states that adaptive changes are inevitable when different groups in society receive change. In local communities, aging is considered a common occurrence, yet not the majority of the population ages peacefully due to marginalization issues, limited health care access, racism, extrajudicial killings, and poverty. The aging population receives deplorable living conditions due to health and racial inequalities that increase in occurrence when no intervention occurs. Seniors can age without sufficient savings, experience elder abuse, declining health, and limited focus from community development bodies or their families (M Libraries Publishing, 2015, p. 238).

The occurrence of chronic conditions like dementia, hypertension, and diabetes are common for the aging population, which affects their mental well-being (Menkin et al., 2017). All the issues become worse in the community since aging is an inevitable fact that requires economic empowerment to sustain different people’s lives. Structural functionalism theory advocates for systematic change through insight into accepting social change as a natural process, and both experienced slowly and rapidly. As a result, societies tend to borrow some historic behaviors despite the high rate of evolution. Disengagement of the older population from their previous roles is imperative when they reach ages where it is hard for them to operate properly by themselves. Since structural functionalism considers social perception as a method of adhering to rules and norms that change, life must progress to a complex form that is developed by the rapid events that occur in societal groups.

Structural functionalism can inform possible solutions to aging and ageism by influencing family members to realize that the changing dynamics of aging people create tension in terms of economic, social, and political aspects; thus, acceptance is highly imperative. Acceptance is required to regulate the fact that aging people can progress in their previous roles in life, like careers, as long as they still function with high-quality standards. Therefore, as society evolves, people also need to evolve because as the community goes to a higher level, so does the civilization that deals with aging people’s roles and discrimination against them. There can be an improvement of positive change sometimes to facilitate good quality of social participation, especially when life expectancy increases.

As social changes get experienced in organizations and society, aging people’s activities are affected by them. Structural functionalism maintains social changes by stabilizing society since tensions can inevitably occur. Although the community uses some strains that will help stop conflict in aging person’s roles, having an equal opportunity for the aged population to contribute to society as they can perform political duties, for instance (M Libraries Publishing, 2015, p. 238). When issues come up, they should be taken care of before they escalate. The theory thus regulates family, community, and government operations since their participation is to maintain society’s functions. Institutions are continuously created depending on the evolvement of social needs. When a part of society goes through a breakdown, almost all the other parts are affected, thus promoting social change. Management of the aging population thus influences societies to work towards stabilization.


M Libraries Publishing. (2015). Social Problems: Continuity and Change. Pp. 227-259.

Spacey, J. (2020). 11 Examples of Structural Functionalism. Retrieved 5 May 2023 from

An Analysis Of The Supply Chain Network Of Walmart Companies Sample Assignment

As an American-based and multinational retail corporation, Walmart has been known for its efficient supply chain management system that integrates well with appropriate methods and theories. It stated that Walmart’s supply chain strategy utilizes models like a financial model, network model, material logistics management model, and bottlenecks model to focus on direct long-term relationships with distributors, manufacturers, and omnichannel enterprises (Sheehan, 2019). All the mentioned models are combined with technology in their supply chain, which helps in automation, inventory tracking, and seamlessly restocking inventory (Fu, 2018). This has enabled Walmart to effectively serve over 50 countries with its widely spread 10,000-plus stores around the globe (Elder, 2019). According to Rickerby (2020), the success of Walmart’s supply chains has dramatically been associated with the small distribution system, defined inventory types, and streamlined supply chain operation. This effectiveness of their supply chain has resulted in a positive impact on the firm itself, as Volpe and Boland (2022) explain in terms of asset growth and low food price in the country they operate. However, the associated negative impact of its supply chain has been empirically proven to have a subtle effect on local employment, an increase in small business deletion, and a need for more dietary impact on the food they supply. Therefore, in this comprehensive evaluation, we are going to discuss the supply chain network of Walmart and its component using the existing data, and then based on its effectiveness, this analysis will present a swot analysis of the supply chain base on its strength, weakness, opportunity, and threats.


The supply chain of Walmart

As a company with over 2 million associated workers worldwide, Walmart’s supply chain is one of the retail industry’s most significant operational and logistical triumphs. Berthold (2019) states that acknowledgment of the supply chain as an essential aspect of daily Walmart’s operation enabled low pricing and customer satisfaction. Also, the company knows that low pricing and customer satisfaction are associated with the appropriate integration of theories within their model for an efficient supply chain (Sheehan, 2019). For instance, logistics and procurement operation integrated models like a financial, network, and bottleneck model while purchasing, delivery, distribution, and return apply financial and network models within Walmart’s supply chain. Nonetheless, Walmart’s supply chain is shaped by tactics like cost modifications, price incentives, and the substitution of products to entice the purchasing power of the customers (Fu,2018).

Logistics and its models

Logistics play a vital role as a component of Walmart’s supply chain. This is true, especially with the integration of the financial model and network model in its supply chain. Although logistics helps in information integration, packaging, and distribution, the two mentioned models help integrate theories like transaction cost analysis (TCA), channel coordination, material management and planning, total quality management, and theory of constraints and network perspective. For instance, through the financial model, the logistics play its role through theories like a) TCA, as shown below, helps determine the better price that will allow cheap pricing of its goods.

Transaction cost analysis chart adopted from Sheehan, 2019

Transaction cost analysis chart adopted from Sheehan, 2019

b) channel coordination allows the supply chain to be manageable in every stage of its operations (that includes supplier, transportation, manufacturer, to retailers). Through the financial and network model, Walmart reduces overall cost and time.

Channel coordination chart adopted from Sheehan, 2019

Channel coordination chart adopted from Sheehan, 2019

Lastly, material management and planning as a theory cover the procedure from the raw material, supplier, and production to the customer. See the figure below. According to Sheehan (2019), this theory ensures that Walmart’s supply chain is steady and constant.

Channel coordination chart adopted from Sheehan, 2019

Channel coordination chart adopted from Sheehan, 2019

It is clear that Walmart’s logistics channels are effective due to the integration of financial and network models, which intern applies theories on TCA, channel coordination and material management, and planning to curb the logistics challenges that they had encountered in their initial expansion of lack of transportation that impacted the delivery of products and services at a discounted pricing. In the process, Walmart reduces per unit cost, and efficiency gains cost-effective distribution. This is because the logistics system becomes efficient and robust in its purpose, thus strengthening the logistics system.

Additionally, Berthold (2019) attributes the success of Walmart’s logistic system to prioritizing the cross-docking that enables the company to keep the inventory in motion. Through this innovative system, Walmart could transfer the products from the distribution center to the stores through complete packaging with less burden of the inventory system. Also, the company had strong ties with the suppliers who facilitated the packaging, standardization, and product labeling, which made the identification and distribution much more accessible.

Procurement operations.

Just like Logistics operation, procurement relies on theories like TCA, material management, planning, and channel condition. This is why it is true that the financial and network models are also applied in this component of Walmart’s supply chain. Walmart’s raw materials are collected from all parts of the world (Chiles & Dau, 2005); thus, its supply chain must rely on the Sheehan (2019) theories for its effectiveness. Additionally, the bottleneck model through the constraint theory allows the supply chain to be in continuous flow. This is due to the looping effect that the theory mandates. Sheehan contends that TQM theory enables Walmart’s supply chain to be streamlined from start to finish. The procurement results in a supply chain that emphasizes alignment, managing risk value-adding, and metrics. See the figure below.

Supply chain road chart adopted from Sheehan, 2019

Supply chain road chart adopted from Sheehan, 2019

As a result, Walmart’s procurement process utilizes negotiation on favorable terms with local and regional vendors and suppliers, allowing them to provide discounted or cheap products to their customers. The negotiators are guided by “your customer deserves the best price that you can get, don’t ever feel sorry for a vendor for he always knows what he can sell, and we want his bottom price” At the same the company spent a significant amount of time in meeting vendors and understanding their cost structure which allows them to make a transparent process and with the assurance that the manufacturers are giving their best on the cost-cutting. With each successful deal, Walmart establishes a long-term relationship with the vendor.

Distribution and return

Walmart’s distribution system relies on financial, network, and bottleneck models for its effectiveness, responsiveness, and flexibility in delivering goods from the docks to the stores. Also, through theories like channel coordination, the drivers are education for professionalism and continuous supply chain flow through proper inventory management that allows a smooth distribution flow and reduces the return of goods (Fu, 2018). However, according to Volpe and Boland (2022), the distribution system of Walmart is an innovation take that relies upon reducing lead time and paperwork, using bar codes for recoding inventory levels, and accessing the stock levels to serve as valuable data for the management which are then validated through TCA theory. Lastly, the sharing of point-of-sale information and cross-docking has been proven to have a vital role in the facilitation of the distribution system of Walmart (Negi & Anand, 2014). For instance, Walmart shares its point-of-sale information with Pampers, which helps predict the demand, thus allowing product distribution to be done in the early stages, thus improving the efficiency of the supply chain. However, in the scenario, Walmart identifies a problem in the distribution component, they seek a partnership with another organization. For instance, Fu (2018) explains that Walmart partnered with Gurobi optimization to fix the problem in its model as the classic mixed integer programming problem.

The return in Walmart’s supply chain can be based on the customer’s back to the company or the supplier. However, through total quality management theories, return in the supply chain is considered through reverse logistics. See the figure below.

TQM chart adopted from Sheehan, 2019

TQM chart adopted from Sheehan, 2019

Being a typical case in the retail industry (Fu, 2018), Walmart has applied TQM to ensure that the above aspects have been considered, thus managing the return within the supply chain. On the supplier side, Walmart utilized its procurement procedure in selecting a suitable supplier who provides not only cheap raw materials but also quality for quality products.

Purchasing and Delivery.

Purchasing and delivery in Walmart have been adopting a financial model and bottlenecks model to integrate TCA and TQM theories to effectively invested in communication systems and IT for tracking merchandised inventories and sales and making purchasing more efficient across their stores, especially with their vast distribution of stores around the globe (Volpe & Boland, 2022). One of the ways a customer can purchase Walmart merchandise is through online channels that are always active and involved around the clock or by visiting the nearest store. Sheehan (2019) attributes the success of this purchasing channel to the financial model and bottlenecks model that allows proper inventory management that accelerates the delivery system, inventory keeping, and information cooperation among stores. Also, Volpe and Boland (2022) add that through the IT capability, inventories are made available to every store, thus reducing the overall inventory level while the suppliers are connected to a network of computers, thus ensuring product accessibility the shortest time in case of a purchase placed.

Further, through customer relationship management (CRM) theory, Walmart utilizes its number of stores widely spread across the globe for delivery (Sheehan, 2019). Through CRM theory, the firm can ensure loyalty retention, and maintain the storefront, just as shown in the figure below.

customer relationship management chart adopted from Sheehan, 2019

customer relationship management chart adopted from Sheehan, 2019

This ensures that the supply chain is maintained and running smoothly as the purchased product is distributed to the nearest location where the customer can collect it. Second, according to Rickerby (2020), the fleet of the tract has educated drivers on how to ensure and adhere to the inventory record keeping that ensures that the product is delivered to their respective store for the customer to pick at their continent time. Lastly, the point of sale sharing of information with the inventory management plays a vital role in ensuring that merchandise is delivered within the minimum time possible. End-of-sale information sharing allows the production of the future specific product demand where Walmart makes earlier distribution that makes the product available to be within the customer’s vicinity. Inventory management utilizes IT capabilities to maintain purchase orders, thus ensuring that everything is in order (Volpe & Boland, 2022).

Swot analysis

He et al. (2021) state that Walmart’s supply chain’s internal and external forces are never constant. However, the growth and the impact greatly depend on the steady ability to exploit the strength or opportunities in the industry to maintain the leading role in retaining the sector. Parker (2019) added that Walmart’s supply chain could be improved through the threat and weakness analysis, especially while venturing into the new market through omnichannel marketing. Therefore, understanding the swot analysis of Walmart’s supply chain is vital for revealing its competitive advantage, leading to successful growth and dominance in the retail industry.


The success of Walmart’s supply chain has been attributed to four main strengths that ensure its retail dominance. To begin, Walmart has a rich market experience that utilizes its organizational size, which allows efficiency in the high-volume production of a standardized product. Second, a sound customer and dealer network inventory system enables a mature demand-supply chain (He et al., 2021). This also helps provide excellent customer experience and proper record keeping that ensure continuous flow and effectiveness of purchases. Third is a good relationship with another enterprise that encourages market expansion through joint ventures and product distribution, thus allowing door-to-door delivery services (Parker, 2019). lastly, technology adoption helps improve the inventory management system and product purchase to make the general activity an involving experience.


Walmart has a supply chain weakness that significantly impacts its operation. He et al. (2021) explains that the HRM practices of Walmarthaves some weakness in dealing with labor relation conflicts as the HRM utilizes policies that do not favor the employees. For instance, the company has been experiencing employee strikes in the US market due to these unfavorable policies. Also, the importation procedure of Chinese products into the US market negatively impacts Walmart’s gross margin performance or operational competence (Parker, 2019). Additionally, Jurevicius (2021) states that the company’s supply chain model can easily be copied, which can bring about a competitive difference, and that the online channel that the customer used in purchasing poor quality service. This is due to the claim that Walmart apps are not accessible in all areas around the globe, thus technically impacting customer-firm relationships.


Despite its extensive network, Walmart’s supply chain still has existing opportunities. According to Jurevicius (2021), comprehensive e-commerce applications and product diversification can be vital in the company’s supply chain system. This is because customer behavior is evolving as they seek faster and more reliable sources of their products. Also, with technological advancement, everything is becoming digitized. Product diversification presents an opportunity, especially during the covid-19 era when the grocery demand was high due to restriction of movement that could have benefited the firm with huge profits when integrating such services into their operation (Parker, 2019).


Walmart, as an international retailer, encounters several threats due to constant changing in the economy and threats in operations involved Walmart. These threats include the high cost of operation, growing competition, and local policy. Parker (2019) explains that the regional approach in China, like the preference of the Chinese government for the small and medium-sized retail industry in improving investment, posits a threat to Walmart’s operation. This encourages more and more competitors, primarily through online channels with various products and advanced logistics systems, than that Walmart. Thus, to maintain its place in the retail industry, Walmart incurs high costs in the general supply chain that make products at a high price.


In conclusion, Walmart’s efficient supply chain management system integrates well with appropriate models and theories. For instance, the financial, network, material logistics management, and bottlenecks models have been discussed on how they are integrated within Walmart’s supply chain. This enables the supply chain to utilize theories like transaction cost analysis (TCA), channel coordination, material management and planning, total quality management, and theory of constraints and network perspective for determining a better price that will allow cheap pricing of its goods and managing of every stage with the supply chain operations and maintaining steady operation for effectiveness, responsiveness, and flexibility. Lastly, the swot analysis presents that the supply chain of Walmart has rich market experience, a sound inventory system on customer and dealer networks, good relationships with other enterprises, and technology adoption as strengths. At the same time, the weakness includes unfavorable employee policies, importation procedures between China and US, and an easily copied supply chain model (He et al., 2021). This is accompanied by threats like the high cost of operation, growing competition, and local policy (Parker, 2019). However, the identified opportunities included e-commerce application and product diversification, which, when incorporated into their supply chain, could help maintain their retailing competence (Jurevicius, 2021).


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Assume That You Are The Newly Appointed Police Commissioner Of The NYPD. Sample Essay


Law enforcement is a critical element in the wellness and success of any country, and more so when it comes to the safety of the citizens and the enhancement of law adherence. Therefore, the different institutions associated with law enforcement face a high degree of expectations from the public, especially when there tends to be a case of an increase in negative outcomes of possibly poor law enforcement operations or ineffective operations. In such cases, law enforcement institutions may be vulnerable and are expected to be answerable to the public and, more so, those who fall victim to unlawfulness. Therefore, even as the policy and any other law enforcement institution work towards enhancing the adherence to the law by everyone within their jurisdiction, they strive to see that (Spadaro et al., 2020, p. 15 & 16). One of the police institutions in the United States is the New York Police Department (NYPD). It stands as the largest among other municipal police forces across the United States. It has about 35,000 police officers who are uniformed and about 14,000 who are ununiformed; all these officers operate as full-time employees. However, this police department experiences a number of issues. As a newly appointed police commissioner of the NYPD, among the issues that one may expect to experience include uniformed overtime, an increase in criminal cases, and the reform of the police coupled with the Gun Violence Action Plan (DiNapoli & Jain, 2023). This paper discusses these issues and the possible strategies and policies that may aid in tackling these issues.

Major issues facing NYPD

Uniformed overtime spending

The uniformed overtime spending for the NYPD seems to be high in recent times, and this tends to have an effect on its budget allocation. This spending was, however, not as much as it is currently during the period of the pandemic since there were minimal or sometimes no events at all where people came together. Currently, the NYPD is experiencing overruns in its overtime spending, and this has increased by more than half as compared to the previous decade. The city seems to have no clue about this increase, and its budget has remained nearly the same. In 2013, it experienced overspending of 40%, and in 2022, the overspending was about 93%, as reported by the New York City Comptroller. By February this year, the NYPD had already exhausted the budgetary allocation for its financial year by 98 million United States dollars. The Comptroller estimates that by the end of the year, the department will have spent 740 million United States dollars in overtime. More overspending is expected in the coming years (Lander, 2023, p. 1). The seemingly uncontrolled spending in overtime activities by the NYPD is caused by come planned as well as unplanned events. However, it remains a major issue that the city goes ahead in underbudgeting for the overtime expenses by the department.


The NYPD is currently facing the issue of an increase in the rate of crime in the city. In the previous couple of years and more so in the past decade, between 2013 and 2020, the city experienced a reduction in the rate of crimes. However, since 2021, the city has experienced a reversal in the trend, with shooting incidents being among the main crime events. Putting it into perspective, the number of shooting cases set the record highest since 2006 by exceeding 1,562 cases (DiNapoli & Jain, 2023). According to Sarasa-Cabezuelo (2023, p. 1), New York City started experiencing a rise in crime that involved shooting in 2019, and the difference was experienced between 2019 and 2020. In 2020, there were 776 shooting cases, and this figure rose to 779 in 2020. However, the increase in shooting incidents rose by 38%, and the rate of increase between 2022 and 2023 was 32% (Sarasa-Cabezuelo, 2023, p. 1). These shooting incidents were a cause of injuries and also deaths. Further, crime rise in New York City involved other types of crime such as robbery, grand larceny, and rapes; these cases experienced 54%, 56%, and 22% increases, respectively, for the three crime categories, and these crimes combined insinuated that the city experienced a 41% rise in major crimes between 2021 and 2022 (Tucker & Morales, 2022, Para 2). In other words, New York City has experienced a surge in the cases of crime, and this is an issue of major concern for the NYPD.

Reforms and Gun Violence Action Plan

The NYPD has a lot on its table when it comes to policies and reforms that it is expected to tackle as a way of taking care of the safety of New York City residents and enhancing its law enforcement efforts. The NYPD made a commitment to implementing 132 reforms that were included in the Police Reform and Reinvention Collaborative as well as the Blueprint to End Gun Violence. The problem that comes with the presence of these policies and reforms is the lack of adequate budgetary allocations to cater to their implementations. According to DiNapoli & Jain (2023), it remains unclear what the budgetary allocations meant for the implementation of these policies and reforms. Additionally, the NYPD seems not confident with the implementation of the Blueprint to End Gun Violence and does not see it as the ultimate solution to gun violence in the city. The city mayor stated that there is a need to add the “dangerousness” clause to the blueprint and also pointed out a number of sections in the document that he considers as less helpful and not guided by the interests of the safety of the New York City citizens (Kaishian, 2022, Para 1-4). Additionally, the Police Reform and Reinvention Collaborative policy reform has been experiencing opposition and negative criticism from the public, claiming that it is characterized by a lot of discriminatory elements. According to the Center for Constitutional Rights (2021), the contains policing practices that are argued to have been made without the engagement of the communities that tend to be highly impacted by them, such as the Latinx and people of color.

Leadership/management strategies

Among the leadership strategies that I might apply as the newly appointed police commissioner for the NYPD is communication and organization, allowing democratic policing and community involvement in policy-making processes, and leading in research and innovation. Being communicative and organized in me as a leader may work well, especially in lobbying for finances from the city council for the department, especially now that it has shown to be facing challenges with spending beyond the allocated budget. As a leader, I realize that I may be the individual that the entire department depends on when to representing their financial needs to the city council leadership. Therefore, I may require to be good at communicating its needs and making the financing body realize that the NYPD is facing a lack of funds for overtime expenditure. In this case, my communication skills will require to be characterized with convincing evidence that the department truly needs the financing to be considered for an addition. Here, I may require to have been organized with all the needed documentation of the overtime policing plans and the breakdown of activities that the department budgets for. In other words, I intend to communicate through data of previous and ongoing department finance-needy operations and future plans, including how the department intends to make efficient use of finances; according to (Mykkänen & Ikonen (2019, p. 34), the communication is aimed at characterized by the lobbyists focusing on the major issue at hand, presentation of facts as well as appeals. In my case, as a leader, I take the role of the lobbyist, and therefore, I require to have all the information that contains facts and appeals that focus on the financial issue in an organized manner.

Additionally, as a leader who has knowledge that I am leading a department that is facing an increase in crime that may make it lose the trust of the community it serves, I may require to welcome different views from different affected stakeholders. In this case, I may invite different enforcement officers who have experience with interacting with the community and have dealt with different crime cases to offer their input into the loopholes that they view as requiring special attention or the creation of policies to help tackle them. The law enforcement department is made up of different stakeholders, and it is crucial to consider their views when it comes to making decisions and implementing them. Leading this department while involving all stakeholders, including victims, and to some extent simulating the thoughts of the perpetrators will make the department make decisions while targeting specific crime elements. As Elliot et al. (2019, p. 2) state, “a police leader is required to balance demands for crime enforcement, crime prevention and deterrence, reducing antisocial behavior and fear of crime, and improving community safety.” The strife to achieve the balance and consideration of all the above elements required the involvement of all stakeholders involved in each of them.

Further, I can lead the organization in researching and implementing innovative ideas regarding how to deal with different law enforcement and crime problems facing New York City. As a leader, I can lead different teams in the processes of identification of research areas that, if studied, may help in tackling the problems involving crime as well as the creation of policies and reforms in the department. In this case, I may need to be open to different ideas of problems that the stakeholders identify as needful for research and policy-making. Leading successful research operations may be the basis of preventing opposition to the policies and reforms, as has been the case for Blueprint to End Gun Violence and Police Reform and Reinvention Collaborative. Arguably, research in law enforcement or any other institution that is of public interest is aimed at strategy development. In such a situation where there is a need to carry out research, a leader serves as the determinant of the direction of the strategy (Elliot et al., 2019, p. 2). Therefore, as a leader, I will be determined to show direction in researching and implementing innovative ideas, more so when it comes to the selection of possible crime-reduction strategies and the involvement of different stakeholders.

Recruitment, training, and enforcement

In my leadership, I may lead in making some changes in the recruitment policies and, more so, the identification of the potential recruits to get the best of recruits to serve in the department. Currently, the NYPD engages in a recruitment process that involves calling on the individual who feels that they have what it takes to serve in the police department. Information about the hiring process is out to the public and contains the qualifying age, education, residency requirement, and health requirements (Hiring Process, 2023). I understand that there are individuals who may have this information and not get interested, yet they possess other qualities and characteristics that showcase their abilities to enforce law and order. Therefore, to be in a position to get hold of the individuals who possess unique qualities associated with law enforcement and order, I may encourage the officers to be actively involved in noting individuals who fit the role of police officers and help in recruiting them into the department. The officers who interact with the public come across different individuals who possess diverse characteristics that can be considered heroic or of service to the public.

When it comes to the training, I may lead in adjusting the policies and allow consideration of needs and wishes that the police coordinators and instructors may want to be included. The consideration of the need and wishes of the instructors and coordinators may involve making adjustments to the police training curricula. Arguably, the department may be facing some challenges in the training of the police officers that make it difficult for the process to produce officers who are able to handle the problems that are specific to New York or, rather, their area of jurisdiction. Notably, the design of the law enforcement training may be in a way such that it assumes that one size fits all situations that the police face. Therefore, it is in favor of matter improvement of police training and working experience, adjusting their curricula to align with what they feel is key in their diverse situations that are specific to New York City.

On matters of enforcement of the law, I would make changes that would make improvements in creating public awareness regarding their safety and matters of security surveys. When making changes in the public awareness about public awareness, I may make use of the current technological advancement, such as the social medic platform, since such will help to reach a larger audience. The enhancement of the information distribution regarding how the public can safeguard themselves against attacks through the social media platform, the public may be closely connected to the police and help in raising alarms when there is a need. In other words, I would work my best to ensure that as many people as possible have access to crucial and helpful information that would aid them in playing their part in self-security even as the policy engage in their law enforcement activities.


Among the policies that I may lead in creating will be geared towards improving the overtime budgeting outcomes, reduction of crimes, and enhancement of the policies and reforms creation processes. When it comes to the improvement of overtime budgeting, I will lead the department in creating a policy that will guide it in improving clarity and the level of cooperation between the department and the city council. The city council is responsible for the allocation of finances to the NYPD, and there is a need for there to be an agreement between its leadership and the NYPD leadership on how it will ensure that it meets the budgetary requirements of the NYPD’s overtime operations. In this policy, both parties will have to agree about the major elements they seek to consider in the budget, any cost-reduction strategies, and how the city council intends to increase its allocation to respond to any increase in the department’s needs as it has been witnessed in the past. If the city council cooperates in the creation of the budgetary allocation policy and implements it, then there might be some improvements in the department’s overtime operations.

When it comes to crime reduction policies, I will lead the department in creating policies that will enhance the cooperation between the police officers, the intelligence, and the community. The policy, in this case, will be created with representatives from the three parties who will offer insights into what they feel works well for the interests of crime reduction in New York City. The cooperation between police officers and intelligence will work well in thwarting crime (Gradoń, 2020). On the other hand, the cooperation between the community and the police will communicate the areas of crime interest that the police require putting some more effort into (Prysmakova & Vandenabeele, 2020). Therefore, bringing together the three parties together will help tackle a myriad of issues associated with the process of preventing and mitigating crime.

Further, I will lead the department in creating a policy that facilitates the inclusion of all the stakeholders who are affected by the policy that is about to be made. In this case, the department will help in ensuring that the views of different stakeholders are heard and considered in every reform or policy. Such a policy will help in preventing the opposition that comes with some individuals feeling the security reforms and policies do not align with their needs. I feel that it is highly crucial to ensure that one involves all people and groups that are of interest, and, therefore, everyone feels compelled to put in their efforts towards their well-being and that of the entire community.


Conclusively, the NYPD is a crucial department in New York City security and law enforcement. However, the department is currently experiencing the challenges associated with overbudgeting in its overtime expenditure, the increase in crime rates, and the ineffectiveness of the policy and reform implementation. As a leader in this department, I look forward to implementing leadership strategies, including communication, inclusion of different stakeholders, and creation of awareness to the community and everyone else who is affected by the security issues facing the city. I am a leader who feels compelled to ensure that I include different stakeholders who are affected by the change in policies and reforms and an increase in crime and shooting cases. The consideration of these stakeholders and the use of leadership skills will touch on recruitment, enforcement activities, and training. I look forward to having a good experience in NYPD leadership and making a change that will reduce crime, help moderate the overtime budget and create policies and reforms that are acceptable.



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