Alcohol Addiction: Alcoholics Anonymous Program Free Sample

Alcohol addiction is a condition that has a tremendous impact on one’s quality of life. Its importance is defined by the emergence of such issues like disability, premature mortality as well as the costs related to the loss of productivity and the need for additional healthcare services (Kelly et al., 2020). Therefore, numerous programs are intended to treat it, and one of the most efficient initiatives is a 12-step program allowing people with alcohol addiction to return to normal life.

An addicted person is trapped in this state and cannot deal with it without outside assistance. The primary reason is the costs of such treatment, which one is unlikely to be able to afford without a proper job, and employment is impossible in this condition (Kelly et al., 2020). It is complicated by the fact that only a complex treatment will have a long-term result for alcoholics. Such treatment should include measures to ensure that a person will stay sober afterward, and drinking-related consequences will be eliminated (Kelly et al., 2020). To address all of these issues, the 12-step program was developed.

The program allowing alcoholics to overcome their addiction is also often referred to as Alcoholics Anonymous because the initial intention of its creators was to address the issues resulting from excessive alcohol consumption. It provides for the necessity to follow a set of rules aimed at overcoming the addiction, such as attending meetings, participating in the program, and working with healthcare specialists (Archibald, 2017). The practical implementation of these measures is reflected in the twelve steps comprising the program. They include the collaboration of patients and medical staff and lead to faster and better results in treatment.

The steps one has to follow describe the whole process of the treatment and represent a well-thought sequence of actions. A patient starts with admitting that problems can be solved and develops an understanding that he or she is stronger than the addiction. For this, specialists sometimes use religious beliefs, which are intended to substitute alcoholics’ conviction in the hopelessness of their situation (Archibald, 2017). Once people believe that they will get the help they need in the group, they start attending the meetings and actively participate in them.

However, the implementation of such a program as Alcoholics Anonymous is complicated due to the existence of severe constraints. They primarily relate to the perceptions of medical personnel regarding their effectiveness (Archibald, 2017). They doubt the positive outcome of the treatment and claim that it does not contribute to the creation of the right mood among patients and hindes the treatment of people with alcohol addiction. Moreover, such a lack of confidence leads to the absence of referrals from health practitioners and the consequent disbelief in one’s ability to overcome the issue (Kelly et al., 2020). Therefore, to make the system work properly, it is vital to educate medical personnel about its benefits.

The use of the 12-step program intended to treat alcoholism is an efficient method. However, to fully benefit from it, some work on participants’ perceptions should be done. Its future spread throughout the country would allow both alcoholics and health practitioners to benefit from the program facilitating the process of treatment and ensuring long-term results. Overall, Alcoholics Anonymous would increase the quality of life of addicted people and, therefore, the population as a whole.

References

Archibald, L. J. (2017). Twelve-step programs. In J. D. Avery & J. W. Barnhill (Eds.), Co-occurring mental illness and substance use disorders: A guide to diagnosis and treatment (pp. 141-150). American Psychiatric Association Publishing.

Kelly, J. F., Humphreys, K., & Ferri, M. (2020). Alcoholics Anonymous and other 12‐step programs for alcohol use disorder. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 3, CD012880. Web.

The Theory Of Capitalism: Hayek’s Arguments

The Authors’ Arguments

Friedrich Hayek strove to defend traditional concepts of morality in economics and fought the progressive representatives of the new era who sought to destroy the classical canons. In his book, he compares rationalizers to Christians who tolerate human sinfulness but do their best to prevent it (Hayek 1960). In this regard, the approaches of the Austrian philosopher to the formation of market relations were largely based on rational concepts with a favorable background for the largest number of interested parties. Based on this position, he argues that “wage-fixing (whether by unions or by authority) will make wages higher” (Hayek 1960, 389). This idea justified Hayek’s condemnation against minimum wage laws that impeded economic progress and were obstacles to the development of free-market relations.

Rand spoke negatively of libertarianism as a greater threat to freedom and capitalism than modern liberalism and conservatism. The American author focused on objectivism and condemned manifestations of publicity in the economy. She viewed objectivism as an integral philosophical system and doctrine. Libertarianism, in her opinion, conversely, is a purely political philosophy that “is only to establish the nature of the principle and to demonstrate that it is practicable” (Rand 1964, 84). The similarity of Rand’s ideas to those of Hayek is that they both advocated free markets and economic freedoms. However, the American philosopher believed that her ideas of objectivity did not leave open loopholes for corruption schemes. Regarding the condemnation of minimum wage laws, such a concept implied rather the violation of human rights than formal economic ideologies.

By taking into account both philosophers’ practical experiences, one can assume that Hayek and Rand did not hold identical views on the same aspects of the formation of economic relationships. The analysis of their books suggests that they approached their arguments from different directions by putting forward individual theories. Therefore, Hayek’s and Rand’s standpoints may be considered similar in the final analysis but distinctive from the perspective of premises and drivers.

The Sources of the Authors’ Ideas

The analysis of Hayek’s and Rand’s approaches allows highlighting their unique ideas and hypotheses regarding the freedom of economic relations and providing examples of sources to which both philosophers referred. Thus, many of Hayek’s economic works were based on the ideas of Ludwig von Mises, the American economist who was also a supporter of liberalism but had more radical views on the principles of free-market relations. Mises’s academic work helped Hayek to come to the conclusion that traditions needed protection, and leftist doctrines were a threat to capitalism as a progressive movement. Due to Mises, the Austrian philosopher reinforced his beliefs about the need to maintain market relations as a guarantor of economic dynamics, and the works of both authors are often compared.

Rand was also inspired by the work of some of her predecessors, whose ideas she thought were objective and fair. One of the greatest influences on her activities was the personality of Lenin, the leader of the Russian Revolution and the communist who promoted the doctrine of equality and brotherhood. Due to Lenin’s postulates, Rand created her movement of objectivism in which she denounced the shortcomings of society and recommended ways to correct them based on the hypothesis of justice. Thus, both Hayek and Rand can be characterized not only as outstanding specialists in their field but also as those who refined and expanded the ideas of their predecessors in optimal directions.

References

Hayek, Friedrich August. 1960. The Constitution of Liberty. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Rand, Ayn. 1964. The Virtue of Selfishness. New York: Penguin Press.

Wedding Plan Project Overview

Jane Jones and John Smith are excited about their wedding day. Wedding is one of the most celebrated events in this world. The moment that Jane and John inform their loved ones about their upcoming nuptials, a stream of parties and get-togethers have taken place. Most of John’s and Jane’s friends are excited for their big day, and have enjoyed the celebrations that have led them up to this great event. This was an exciting experience for Jane and John. They will both enjoy all the excitement happening around them during this time and remember these wonderful celebrations will become fond memories in the years to come. After the fun is over, the time to plan the event is essential.

Planning a wedding is one of the most exciting things that can ever happen to any couple. As Jane and John get ready for their wedding, they realize they are embarking on a life-altering event. They want their wedding to become a fantastic event so they took into account any tip to arrange the wedding of their dream and the wedding that would delight their guests. This is the first marriage for both of them. As they go on developing their lists of items to accomplish, they realize that to accomplish a successful wedding, one or both of them will have to commit several hours to wedding plan preparations. Most important, both Jane and John are high-level managers within the companies they work for and can not make the necessary time commitment to their wedding plans.

In order to sustain their goal for a one-of-a-kind wedding, Jane and John decided to use the services of a professional wedding planner to plan and manage their wedding.

The wedding consultant can be hired to make sure everything happens on schedule, handle any emergencies and, most importantly, be there for advice and support he or she is in need. The organization of a wedding is not an easy task. It is essential to compare several locations, to see several caterers, DJs etc in order to choose the best, o the most suitable. You have to select the dress, the groom’s outfit, the rings, the flowers…

More than 35 various professionals can be involved in a wedding. The aim of a wedding planner is to make the bride and groom avoid stress of arranging and to make them enjoy their special day with total peace of mind, knowing that everything will be done according to their expectations (Organzamariage, 2009). Jane and John review lots of wedding consultants and decided to use Team B largely as they feel comfortable with them.

Team B is a professional wedding consultant who uses aspects of project management in their approach to planning wedding. The aspect of project management that Team B uses most is the Project Plan, the Critical Path (CP), and the Critical Path Analysis (CPA). The project plan is a formal, approved document used to guide both project execution and project control. The primary uses of the project plan are to document planning assumptions and decisions, facilitate communication among stakeholders, and document approved scope, cost, and schedule baselines. The CP is used to keep the project on track while avoiding big problems.

The CP is critical because it ensures that every single activity on the path must be completed on time in order for the project to come in on time. With regard to a wedding, the wedding plan is created using the steps outlined in creating a project plan and the CP ensures that each wedding activity on the path must be completed on time for the wedding to be successfully completed the way the bride and groom requested.

Wedding Checklist (Project Plan)

Project Title

Jane Jones and John Smith Wedding Plan

Project Summary

Team B wedding planners will serve as wedding planner and coordinator for the couple that will organize and arrange all the requirements for the wedding ceremonies and reception that will be held on February 14th , 2010 at 6p.m.

A wedding coordination consultancy company operates on the basis of a strong, solid and viable relationship with suppliers and/or vendors of additional services. Because of this arrangement the major part of the project sometimes deals with a lot of networking and association established with vendors and this should be done in a very meticulous manner.

Project Opportunity

The wedding planning service will enable the couple to be relieved from the tedious process in putting together the requirements for the event. “Weddings involve emotionally laden decisions and external pressures. A wedding consultant brings logic to the process” (Daniels & Loveless, 2007)

Project Budget

For an expected guest list of 250, the total budget for Bride and Groom X is allocated at $45,000. This is the prime information in this project management plan shown in our attached Gantt chart. The budget for this project will be the major focus because all of the planning will revolve around the amount of money being spent on the wedding.

Project Stakeholders

Both the parents of the bride and groom, together with the couple, are the stakeholders in this project that must have the privilege of a most memorable wedding event.

Project Scope (see detailed scope below)

Exclusion

The wedding coordination and planning for Bride and Groom X will exclude travel and accommodation arrangements for their honeymoon. The service will also not cover getting the necessary licenses. Any plan for a bridal shower will also not be assisted within this project. The services range neither includes the search of beauty consultant along with the necessary beauty regimen.

Inclusion

Team B wedding coordinators will manage this project to provide full assistance in selecting, preparing, distributing and managing invitations and RSVP; preparing guest

list; the choice of wedding ensemble for the bride and groom; the choice of ceremony and reception venues; the menu; organizing the flowers and the musicians.

In Scope Out of scope
Wedding ceremony (location rental, officiant, decorations, musicians, flowers) Purchase /Selection of rings
Reception (rental of hall, musician(s), decorations, caterers, favors, wedding cake, flowers) Honeymoon selection
Videographer and photographer Wedding party selection
Invitations, announcements, thanks you notes, RSVP’s Licenses
Transportation Hotel accommodations
Wedding coordinator on site day of event Engagement parties, rehearsal dinner, parties.

Project Assumptions

At a high level to make sure this wedding is a success Team B coordinators will have to make sure that all the deliverables from the vendor contracts will be in accordance to the agreed quality and quantity. It will also be an assumption that barring any natural deterrence, the wedding day will be as remarkable, memorable and heartwarming as it should be.

Project Risk

Weddings themselves bring with them special risks. The major risk is the possibility of the wedding requirements, preparation and coordination might go over the designated budget. There is also the possibility of any members of the entourage will have an uncontrollable circumstance like illness.

Project Risks Impact to project
Wedding cancelled Cancellation of project and forfeiture of client’s deposit.
Wedding date changed Impacts project schedule
Officiant has to cancel May result in additional cost if have to get someone else at the last minute
Music /Entertainment below quality Bride and groom dissatisfied probably will request refund and would not recommend for future projects.
Catering below quality Bride and groom dissatisfied probably will request refund and would not recommend for future projects.
Photography and Videography Bride and groom dissatisfied probably will request refund and would not recommend for future projects.

Wedding Checklist (Critical Path Analysis)

A review of the Gantt chart documenting the wedding plans reveal 38 critical tasks ranging from buying the wedding rings to final wedding payments due. In order to properly measure each activity for performance, a letter has been designated for each activity. The activities were given letter designators for the purpose of creating a network diagram to ensure that the wedding activities are performed in priority order to ensure that the most important activities were completed first. The reasoning for using the critical path is to ensure that the every single activity on the path finishes on time in order for the wedding project to be completed successfully. Any delay on any one of the critical path activities will cause the entire project to be delayed.

The critical path for the wedding naturally begins with the purchase of the engagement rings. After the engagement rings have been purchased and exchanged, the wedding plans can begin. This is a breakdown of the activities of, their duration and a Network Diagram showing the critical paths to success.

Activities and Duration

  • Buy wedding rings – 3 days
  • B Pre-ceremony preparation – 57 days
  • C. Ceremony Preparation-6 days
  • Select reception hall-19 days
  • Transportation and accommodation-31 days
  • Attire – 23 days
  • Final Arrangements – 5 days
  • Wedding – 1 day (Greene, Stellman, 2009)

Network Diagram

Network Diagram

The network diagram shows the following critical paths:

  1. A-B-C=66 Days
  2. D-E-F= 73 Days
  3. G-H= 6 Days

The diagram shows a total of three different paths to approach wedding completion.

The path with the highest number is the most critical path to follow. Therefore, path number two is the most critical path to follow with ensuring a successful wedding. (Greene, Stellman, 2009)

Project Selection Criteria

Project selection involves the evaluation of the opportunities that the project offers the stakeholders. The pros and cons, advantages and disadvantage, as well as the scheduling and financial aspects need to be considered in the project selection criteria. Team B has chosen the planning of a wedding reception as their project, based on project management experience and business knowhow. The wedding project shall encompass all necessary managerial and planning activities required to coordinate a wedding reception. These shall include the managing and communication of project information, delegating individual responsibilities, and project monitoring are all areas of management responsibilities that will ensure a successful completion of the project within time and budget.

The wedding reception project selection was based on the following criteria:

  • Project information and monitoring system. Team B will develop a project management information system to control the wedding plans by tracking progress compared to planned progress. Team B will hold regular meetings to evaluate planned progress versus actual accomplishments.
  • Project task management. Team B shall delegate individual responsibilities based on prior project experience and project related qualifications. Tasks are to be grouped into three areas of responsibility;

    • wedding couple related activities, i.e. engagement and wedding ring selection, bridal, groom, bridesmaid and best man attire, and guest list requirements;
    • ceremony and reception preparation, i.e. faith based activities, hall locations, and scheduling; and
    • support activities, i.e. entertainment, decorations, photography/video arrangements, and transportation services.

The methodology used by the project team to select a wedding project was based on the strategic and operation fit of this project to the overall objective and goal of Team B. Each member brings to the organization core competencies and performance compatibilities that will contribute to their mutual goal of a successful course completion. Request for topic approval was submitted and permission to proceed was granted by the delegating authorities.

Project Charter

Project manager(s): Team B

Project Information

With over 20 years of experience as corporate project managers and now as event planner, Team B brings immeasurable talent in planning and coordinating extraordinary weddings, parties and business functions.

Weddings are always a major project for the families of the prospective bride and groom. There are usually several tasks that need to be completed before the “big day”, so it’s sometimes important to delegate some of the wedding responsibilities to someone who can perform them effectively such as a wedding planner.

This project charter aims at providing details on how a successful wedding for Bride and Groom X will be planned, coordinated and executed by the Team B wedding planners/project managers. This plan is developed for a guest list of approximately 200 people.

Project Charter

Project Name:

Wedding of Bride and Groom X

Project Number: Team B – 02-14-2010
Date: February 13th, 2009 Project Contacts:Richard Fritz, Charmaine Jackson or Lindsey Williams

Project Request

The wedding couple has indicated their desire to be married on February 14th, 2010.

The major objective for the Team B wedding planners is to coordinate the overall wedding and reception in order to ensure that the wedding is a success and that there are no disruptions. Another objective is to ensure that the process adapts to any changes in the program, or unforeseen events, such that it is a smooth process. It will be the responsibility of the project team to ensure that the food, entertainment and music results in high satisfaction to the groom, bride and guests.

Objectives and Deliverables

The project team will have several deliverables in this project. These deliverables will include:

  1. Co-ordination of wedding and reception by Team B project managers as defined by bride and groom X.
  2. Customized wedding invitation cards for all invited guests.
  3. There will be 200 wedding programs and a similar number of personalized places cards/layered menu.
  4. Photography company will be selected by photographer’s proofs; both in form of photographs, DVDs and CDs, and the chosen photography company will be required to develop those with a similar quality during the wedding. There will be several photography companies to select from to compensate for any eventualities.
  5. Other deliverables include beverages and food, servers, flowers, decorations, party favors, music, equipment rental and site rental. The wedding cake will include 200 individual boxed cakes engraved with initials of the groom and bride.

The couple agrees to utilize Team project managers for all services as indicated in the scope of the project and in addition the couple agrees the Team B is not responsible for services not provided by the team or covered by this contract.

If the couple has to change the wedding date for whatever reason, Team B will make every reasonable effort to change reservations of all subcontractors, reception hall, etc. All expenses related to this change will be the responsibility of the couple.

If the event of a cancellation all payments made to date will be non-refundable and outstanding balances for subcontractors may still be due depending on contract arrangements with said contractors.

This agreement shall be governed by the laws of Phoenix, AZ.

Scope Definition

The project will include:

Onsite project/wedding team for ceremony and reception

For wedding ceremony we will take care of location, officiates, pianist, flowers, and programs.

For wedding reception we will take care of banquet hall, decorations, servers, food, beverage, wedding cake, favors.

Photography and videographer for wedding ceremony and reception.

In addition we will take care of wedding transportation.

The project will not include:

Project team B will not be responsible for

  1. Hotel accommodations for the bride and groom on the wedding night.
  2. Marriage license
  3. Rehearsal Dinner

Project Milestones

  • 2/14/2009- Review and sign necessary contracts
  • 4/1/2010- Prepare and print invitations
  • 6/25/2010- Select reception hall, caterer/menu
  • June –July 2010- Select entertainment
  • June- July 2010- Select decorations/florist
  • September 2010- Determine audio-visual, photography, video needs
  • September 2010- Secure Transportation
  • 1/01/2010 – Confirm attendees
  • 11/14/2010- Final payments due
  • 2/14/2010 – Enjoy the event!!

Budget

As agreed with the parents of the bride, the budget for this project is between $45K- $55K.

It is requested that the project comes in within or under budget.

Project Authorization

Signature below indicates that this document represents that an agreement has been made to proceed with planning and coordination of wedding of Bride and Groom X.

Approved by: Bride X: Date
Approved by: Groom X: Date
Approved by: Parents of Bride: Date
Approved by: Richard Fritz

Team B – Lead Project Wedding Planner

Date

Tools and Techniques

The process of project monitoring is the most important part of the assigned plan. It is stated, that software monitoring tools are the most universal. Any project management and control is effective is it is based on using software tools. Originally, collecting data for thorough project monitoring is a difficult assignment; nevertheless, software for project control and monitoring is designed to simplify this task.

Another technique is the creation of “residential network”. This technique requires special appointments of persons, responsible for controlling every particular stage of project development. This technique was invented by military intelligence agency in 1950s, and now it is widely used in business sphere. All the residents are controlled by chief executive, and report directly to him. Ideally, if wedding agency will not notice “residents”.

The strategies that should be used by project performer may be the strategy of quality strategic control. It entails remote monitoring plans: the organization history and reputation should be thoroughly studied. Thus, all positive and negative customers’ responses may be compared. This would help to create a plan of controlling the company, including the complaints of previous customers.

Organizational performance control is another technique that may be used for the control. The development of the process may be held by the means of everyday reports sent by an agent, or with the use of control technique which requires everyday personal control and attendance of the wedding hall.

References

Organzamariage. (2009) Why use a wedding planner? Web.

Greene, J, PMP, Stellman, A, PMP. (2009). Head First PMP. Critical Path Drill O’Reilly Media, Inc. Web.

Warner, Diane. “How to Have a Big Wedding on a Small Budget”. 2002 North Light Books.

Daniels, Margaret J. & Loveless, Carrie. “Wedding Planning and Management” 2007 Butterworth-Heinemann.

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