Alcohol In The Drugs And Behavior Context Writing Sample

Introduction

It is no secret that alcohol and human health are incompatible things. The most significant influence of alcohol falls on the cerebral cortex. The higher nervous system suffers from this. A drunk person thinks hard and makes decisions difficult. The body of a person who drinks alcoholic beverages wears out several times faster than the body of a healthy, non-drinker. Alcoholic beverages affect all systems and organs without exception, weaken the immune system, and lead to frequent diseases. Alcohol is a toxic substance that causes both physical ailments and mood control problems.

Influence of Alcohol

In fact, alcohol can temporarily reduce the stress associated with uncertainty, health, finances, and relationships with family and friends. Still, the consequences of drinking even one glass of wine are incredibly significant. For instance, according to Akins (2019), alcohol slows the immune system, prevents the formation of new bones, suppresses hormone production, causes heart problems, and prevents the intestines from controlling bacteria and absorbing nutrients. Furthermore, alcohol can lead to loss of emotional control and unpredictable mood swings, increasing anxiety, increasing aggression, reducing restraint, or causing a sense of futility (Hardy, 2020). However, the consequences of chronic alcohol use are expressed in the development of serious problems such as high blood pressure, stroke, heart and liver disease, and cancer.

If a person drinks too much, they may have symptoms of overdose such as convulsions, vomiting, confusion, difficulty breathing, blunted reactions, low body temperature, slowing heart rate, and more. In addition, alcohol consumption during pregnancy can harm the fetus in terms of the development of the brain and other vital organs, physiological systems, and structures, determining the risk of congenital disabilities and developmental abnormalities in a baby (Hart & Ksir, 2018). Therefore, it can be noted that a strong drink is capable of causing severe damage to the entire body.

Conclusion

Summing up, it is necessary to conclude that alcohol is a poisonous narcotic substance that harms health both physically and mentally. A person may have problems with the heart, intestines, liver, bones, and endocrine system, as well as not controlling their feelings and emotions while in a particular state. Prolonged alcohol consumption can lead to severe chronic diseases. Moreover, alcohol consumption is strictly prohibited for pregnant women. Otherwise, there is a small probability of damage to the brain and essential organs of the fetus.

References

Akins, B. (2019). 7 things drinking alcohol does to your body. Cone Health. Web.

Hart, C. L. & Ksir, C. J. (2018). Drugs, society and human behavior (17th ed.). McGraw-Hill.

Hardy, C. (2020). Alcohol: how it affects your brain and mood. Alcohol Rehab Guide. Web.

Terrorism: Sources Of Inspiration

Terrorism involves acts of violence deliberately perpetuated against civilian non-combatants by terrorists aiming to further ideological, spiritual, or political agendas. Such occurrences are highly detrimental to citizens worldwide because they result in unwarranted fear and other severe consequences, which may lead to the death of innocent individuals. The nature of violence displayed through terrorism can be explained by considering the motivation and intentions of the actors. The main points in the book Psychology of terrorism include the explanation that perceived injustice, attention for a sense of belonging, and the need to find one’s identity are typical inspirations by potential terrorists.

Individuals who feel that they have been subjected to extreme injustice are likely to exhibit violent behavior in an attempt to avenge. Perceived injustice is a central aspect of comprehending violence propagated by terrorists. Remediable inequality is a primary inspiration for terrorism as it may be linked to the goal of forcing others to stop bias (Borum, 2007). Identity is sought in different ways, including joining other groups to explore their actions, beliefs, values, and attitudes. The need and search for identity can lead an individual into terrorist groups if the decision is made without clearly considering the related consequences. In this case, a person merges their identity with that of a group, leading to a loss of individuality (Borum, 2007). Many individuals find the identity of a terrorist group to be necessary, especially if theirs is flawed. Individuals join terrorist groups to experience a sense of belonging, connectedness, appreciation, recognition, and affiliation. The togetherness and freedom in terrorist associations are essential motivations to join a friendly team and engage in arranged violent actions.

In conclusion, different individuals are influenced by various factors to engage in terrorism and perpetuate violent actions against others. For example, if people feel threatened by poor association with their family, friends, and the community, it can be appealing to experience oneness and association with a terrorist group. Additionally, searching for identity and the need for revenge for unjustified, unfair treatment is typical of joining a terrorist group.

Reference

Borum, R. (2007). Psychology of terrorism. University of South Florida Tampa dept of mental health law and policy.

Health Care Reform Article By Shue Et Al.

The Objective of the Study

The main objective of the research work was the study of Healthcare Reform and public attitudes and the influence of various information sources on it. The importance of this process is due to the fact that “perceptions about the act could potentially affect the implementation of the law to the fullest extent” (Shue et al., 2014, p. 1). Thus, the source analyzed attitudes regarding legislative innovation and what sources of information were consumed by people.

Selection of Research Participants

The next important aspect of the study is the choice of participants. For this research, participants were selected using a random sample. The main criteria were the age of majority and residence in the state of Indiana. For a further selection of individuals, surveys were conducted via cell phone and landline, and the systematic response selection technique was applied (Shue et al., 2014).

Random Digit Dialing

Random digit dial samples were used in the process of recruiting participants for the study. Research stated that “a type of probability sampling in which phone numbers are randomly generated using a software system and used to create the sample for a research project” (Elliott, 2020, para. 1). The main advantage of this method is to reduce the financial costs of finding participants and saving the time resource of the study.

Findings from Tables

  • In Table 1, there is a too small representation of ethics, which is limited to Hispanic and non-Hispanic populations.
  • In Table 2, interest was aroused by the data that women and Democrats most supported the opinion about the importance of affordability of healthcare.
  • Table 3 shows that medical specialists are most often visited by women, the elderly, and Democrats.
  • It was interesting that in Table 4, 68% of respondents receive information from national television, not Internet sources.
  • Table 5 shows that the opinion of family members and the environment do not have a strong influence when forming an opinion on health care reform.

Findings from Figures

  • The fact that in Figure 1, 48% (2010), 51% (2011), and 42% (2012) of Indiana residents viewed the proposed healthcare reform negatively (Shue et al., 2014).
  • Figure 2 showed that “insured Indiana residents were more likely to use physician services compared to uninsured Indiana residents” (Shue et al., 2014, p. 4).

Limitations from the Study

The first limitation is the inconstancy of opinions regarding the act of health care. The second limitation may be the lack of education of the population in the field of how some elements of the Affordable Care Act are correlated with the current situation in the health sector.

References

Elliott, R. (2020). What is random digit dialing?. GeoPoll. Web.

Shue, C. K., McGeary, K. A., Reid, I., Khubchandani, J., & Fan, M. (2014). Health care reform: Understanding individuals’ attitudes and information sources. BioMed Research International, 2014.

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