Alienation And Fetishism Of Commodities In Mardi Gras Made In China Essay Example For College


The celebration of the joy of life and the connectivity of all people is exemplified by the Mardi gras holiday. It is a time for rejoicing, getting dressed up, and throwing parties, yet these activities frequently come at the expense of those who are absent, particularly those responsible for producing the tangible things that make it possible for them the celebrations to take place. In this article, the Documentary titled Mardi Gras Made in China will be analyzed, and Karl Marx’s theories regarding alienation and the fetishism of commodities will be investigated and discussed (Redmon & Sabin, 2005). With the help of this movie as proof, I claim that alienation and the fetishism of goods are both very much alive and well in today’s worldwide market.

Marx’s Theory of Alienation

Marx’s theory of alienation is predicated on the idea that labor is an essential component of the human experience and that when this labor is alienated from the laborer, it can lead to a sense of alienation from oneself and other people(Cranston, 2019). This idea is based on the observation that humans have always engaged in some form of labor. Marx maintained that alienation was a product of the capitalist system, which generates an unequal power dynamic between employees and those who own the means of production. As a result, Marx believed that alienation was a product of capitalism (Cranston, 2019). A person’s species-being can be alienated on four different levels, according to Marx: on the level of alienation from the result of labor, on the level of alienation from the process of labor, on the level of alienation from fellow workers, and the level of alienation from one’s humanity.

A sense of estrangement from the fruit of one’s labor constitutes the first component of Karl Marx’s theory of alienation. This occurs when an employee does not have ownership of the result of their labor and is, therefore, unable to enjoy the fruits of their labor. This prevents the laborer from being able to take pleasure in the product of their effort. This is especially true regarding the production of Mardi Gras beads, made in factories in China by people working for low wages and then transported to the United States, where they are resold at a higher price. The factory workers do not influence the end destination of the beads, nor do they have any say over the prices of the beads. Neither of these factors is under their control. They are cut off from the result of their labor because they cannot enjoy the fruits of their labor and are therefore alienated from the product of their labor.

A second facet of alienation is disconnection from the activities that comprise the labor process. This occurs when laborers cannot use their skills and knowledge to create a product because they are relegated to performing monotonous tasks that do not require creativity or skill. For example, if laborers cannot use their skills and knowledge to create a product, this is known as skill stagnation. This may be seen in the factories in China, where the workers do the same activities repeatedly, with very little to almost no change in the jobs they are completing. Because of this, the workers experience alienation because they cannot use their expertise to create anything significant.

Alienation from one’s fellow workers is the third facet of alienation. This happens when workers are set against each other in a struggle for resources and wages rather than working together to develop a product. This prevents them from working together to generate a product. This may be seen in the factories of China, where workers compete with one another for the lowest salary and the smallest amount of resources. Because of this, the workers feel alienated because they cannot collaborate on producing anything important because they are instead focused on meeting their specific requirements.

A person can feel alienated from their humanity, the fourth and ultimate stage of alienation. This occurs when workers cannot perceive their humanity because, rather than being seen as an end in themselves, they are seen as a means to an end. This is made abundantly clear in the factories of China, where the workforce is seen as nothing more than a supply of low-cost labor. Because of this, workers are unable to perceive their worth and potential, which results in a sense of alienation in the workforce.

Fetishism of Commodities

Marx discusses both the phenomenon of alienation and the fetishism of commodities in his writings. This refers to the notion that certain items, such as Mardi Gras beads, are perceived to have a value higher than the amount of money they have (Cranston, 2019). This phenomenon is depicted in the movie Mardi Gras Made in China, in which the revelers in New Orleans are shown to have a craving for the Mardi Gras beads. The participants place a high value on the beads because they are thought to be a representation of one’s wealth and prestige. Because the beads are given a value higher than what they are worth, this behavior can be classified as fetishism.

In addition, the Documentary sheds light on how much the fetishism of commodities costs. The low wages and long hours Chinese workers put in to make the revelers in New Orleans rarely acknowledge Mardi Gras beads. These workers generate the beads that are used in the celebration. The workers are regarded as little more than a source of low-priced labor, and the actual human cost of making the beads is frequently ignored in this process. This demonstrates the true cost of the fetishism of commodities, as it shows that the laborers are compelled to undergo difficult working circumstances to produce a product that the revelers highly desire.

How Alienated Am I?

I was shocked by the overwhelming degree of alienation and fetishism in the global market after viewing the Documentary titled “Mardi Gras Manufactured in China.” In today’s globalized market, it is abundantly clear that alienation and the fetishism of commodities are both alive and well. This is evident from the workers in China who are alienated from their product, the labor process, their fellow workers, and their humanity to the revelers in New Orleans participating in the fetishism of commodities. It is also evident that the fetishism of commodities is alive and well.

I would place myself at a degree of estrangement equivalent to a six out of ten on the scale. Even though I do not feel the same degree of estrangement from the product of my effort as the workers in the Chinese factories, I am familiar with the sensation of being estranged from the result of my labor. I go to work every day doing something I am deeply interested in, yet I frequently have the impression that the results of my efforts are not directly affecting me. Because we frequently compete with one another for resources and recognition, I also feel a certain amount of estrangement from my colleagues. Lastly, I get the recurring impression that my contributions are not valued or appreciated, which gives me the feeling of being estranged from my humanity.


The truth of alienation and the fetishism of commodities in today’s globalized market is exposed in the documentary “Mardi Gras Made in China,” which can be seen on Netflix. According to Karl Marx’s thesis of alienation, a worker can become alienated from the result of their labor, the process of their labor, other workers, and even their own humanity. In addition, the fetishism of commodities may be seen in the shape of the Mardi Gras beads, which are accorded a value that is more than what they are worth. As a result of watching the Documentary, I realized that alienation and the fetishism of commodities are alive and well in today’s globalized market. Furthermore, I’ve realized that I experience a certain level of alienation from the product of my labor, fellow workers, and humanity. This is something that I’ve experienced personally.


Cranston, R. (2019). Marx’s Theory of Alienation. In Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Redmon, D. & Sabin, A. (2005). Mardi Gras Made in China. [Documentary]. Kanopy.

An Opinion Paper On Torts Sample Assignment


Torts are a type of civil law that compensates individuals who have been unfairly victimized as a result of another person’s or entity’s carelessness or misbehavior. The tort system of personal injury litigation exists largely to offer redress for people who have been wrongly hurt and to avoid additional harm by holding those who are at blame responsible for their conduct. This discussion will explore the many forms of torts, including negligence, deliberate torts, strict responsibility, vicarious liability, and the components of a tort case. It will also go through the many damages that may be imposed in a tort case and the function of liability insurance in mitigating tort claims. Consequently, it will discuss compensation culture and its influence on tort litigation in the United States.

Background Information

Accidents frequently cause torts. In a personal injury case, the individual damaged by another person’s carelessness or willful wrongdoing may seek compensation for medical bills, lost earnings, and discomfort resulting from the incident. Punitive damages could additionally be sought in some circumstances to deter future similar behavior. To obtain damages, the sufferer must demonstrate that the harm was brought about by another’s carelessness or willful misbehavior. In most circumstances, the plaintiff must demonstrate that the defendant owed the plaintiff a duty of care, that this obligation was broken, and that the violation was the real cause of harm. This discussion will go through these components in further detail and present instances of torts involving accidents.

Negligence Theory

The tort system is founded on the negligence theory. Negligence is defined as a failure to take reasonable care and is a key term in tort law. Most personal injury lawsuits are based on negligence, and if a person or corporation is determined to have behaved carelessly, they may be held accountable for damages (Cooper-Stephenson, 1993, p. 45). the most prevalent sort of tort is negligence. To prove a negligence claim, a plaintiff must show that the defendant broke a duty of care, that the breach of obligation was the direct cause of the plaintiff’s harm, and that the injury caused damages. Negligence may be classified as follows: ordinary negligence and excessive negligence. The failure to exercise a fair degree of care is referred to as ordinary negligence, but the neglect to exert a high degree of care is referred to as gross negligence. A driver who declines to stop at a red light as well as causes an accident is an example of ordinary carelessness; a driver who drives through a red light and causes an accident is an example of gross negligence.

Torts, in addition to negligence, include deliberate torts, strict responsibility torts, and product liability torts. Intentional torts are those in which a person intentionally causes injury to another person, such as battery or assault. Strict liability torts refer to situations where an individual or organization is held accountable for injury produced even though they were not negligent in their actions. Product liability torts refer to situations where a maker or seller is held responsible for a faulty or hazardous product. To prove an intentional tort claim, the plaintiff must show that the defendant acted with intent, that the defendant’s conduct injured the plaintiff, and that the injury culminated in damages.

Intentional Torts

Intentional torts are a significant contributor to automotive accidents in the U.S. In these sorts of instances, the plaintiffs of an accident may prosecute the motorist who inflicted their injuries. These cases are usually brought because of negligent conduct or omissions (Cane, 2006, p. 3, p. 32). Assault and violence, defamation, deliberate infliction of emotional trauma, and breach of privacy are all examples of intentional torts. Intentional torts develop when one individual injures another in a manner that is not a direct consequence of carelessness. These cases involve the willful violation of another’s contractual or legal rights. To establish an intentional tort claim, the plaintiff must show that the defendant was conscious that his or her acts would likely cause damage (Institute & State, 1988, p. 47). In addition to claims alleging carelessness, most personal injury cases emerge when someone is wounded as a result of the deliberate behavior of another person or business. Intentional torts are a significant contributor to automotive accidents in the U.S. In these sorts of circumstances, accident victims may sue the motorist who inflicted their injuries. These cases are usually brought because of negligent conduct or omissions.

Strict responsibility is a legal theory in which a person or entity is held accountable for damages produced by their conduct, regardless of fault or carelessness (Daller, 2019, p. 10). A manufacturer being held accountable for damages caused by a faulty product is an example of strict responsibility. To prove a strict responsibility claim, the plaintiff must show that the defendant’s activities caused the plaintiff’s injury and that the injury resulted in damages. Strict responsibility is often enforced when a person or corporation commits a specific conduct that puts others in danger. In many circumstances, determining whether the defendant was negligent is often problematic since the defendant had a duty of care even if they were operating reasonably and prudently. When strict responsibility applies, the defendant is held responsible even though he or she was not negligent. When strict liability is applied to occupational health and safety requirements (also known as worker’s compensation), this can be demonstrated. Strict liability is commonly regarded in cases of food poisoning (when a contaminated product proves to be detrimental to someone who eats it), poisoning (when the defendant’s products prove to be detrimental to someone), products that lead to birth defects, products that induce other sorts of injury, and faulty products in the United States (Hare, 2019, p.76). It is also acknowledged in circumstances of irresponsible behavior that causes harm to others. It is not, however, recognized in negligence since being negligent entails behaving carelessly or failing to take due care.

Other than product responsibility, the notion of strict liability can emerge in a variety of situations. In tort law, strict liability may emerge when a person or corporation fails to exercise reasonable caution, even though they are not behaving carelessly when they cause injury to another. A doctor, for example, is frequently held accountable for failing to identify a patient’s disease or harm. It may be difficult to show whether the doctor was careless or not in such circumstances, but courts have decided that doctors can be held accountable even if they did not behave carelessly. Absolute liability ought not to be confused with strict liability. Although both phrases refer to holding someone accountable even if they were not careless and if damages came from the harm caused by their acts, strict responsibility might emerge in circumstances involving carelessness and omissions. Absolute responsibility is a sort of strict liability whereby the defendant is held accountable for all damages produced by his or her conduct, regardless of negligence.

Product responsibility is a legal concept that makes manufacturers, designers, and dealers liable for product-related harms. According to Geistfeld (2021), product liability claims, unlike other types of torts, do not need negligence. Vendors in the United States may be held accountable for putting unsafe or faulty items on the market. It is not essential for the victim to show that the seller acted recklessly or failed to take reasonable care in supplying a safe product to customers in these circumstances. This can be demonstrated in situations involving recognized dangerous items, such as those containing peanuts (When makers or sellers may be held accountable for damages caused by their products even if they were unaware that the peanut content was harmful).

Defective designs are one of the most prevalent kinds of product liability. One sort of product liability occurs when someone is hurt as a result of a flaw in a product that was intended to be safe. To establish a claim of faulty design, the sufferer must show that the maker was unaware of the product’s flaws. The sufferer must additionally demonstrate that the product’s design led to his or her harm. Apart from flawed design arguments, certain items may be harmful without being judged defective. Certain knives, for example, may be regarded as hazardous despite being meant to be safe. In certain circumstances, makers and retailers may be held accountable for selling a harmful product. Failure to warn is the legal term for this form of product liability. Failure to warn can occur in the United States when a manufacturer fails to sufficiently warn customers about the hazards involved with using its items or when it fails to provide guidance on how to use the items safely. (This can happen when a product is meant to be safe but people are unaware of how to use it securely.) In such circumstances, a victim may submit a claim if he or she was hurt while using the product in a legitimate and predictable manner.

Vicarious Responsibility

Vicarious responsibility is a legal notion that makes an employer accountable for an employee’s behavior (Gray, 2018, p. 37). To prove vicarious responsibility, the plaintiff must show that the employee’s activities were within the range of his or her job, that the employee’s conduct caused the plaintiff’s injury, and that the injury resulted in damages. Vicarious responsibility is often assessed in circumstances where an employee’s damage was caused in the duration and breadth of his or her job. The goal of putting vicarious responsibility on an employer is to guarantee that an employee cannot avoid culpability for harm caused by him or her.

In some circumstances, vicarious responsibility might occur when an employee acts outside of the scope of his or her work. Yet, the employee’s activities will only result in vicarious responsibility if the employer can show that the employee’s actions were predictable. The enterprise responsibility theory holds an entity liable for the behavior of its workers or other agents. A person who is hurt by an employee working within the limits of his or her job may prosecute both the employer and the employee under this legal theory. Although the theory is not accepted in every state, courts have used it when the defendant is a business or other form of organization. To prove a claim for business responsibility, the plaintiff must demonstrate that his or her damage was caused by an employee’s activities while on the job. The plaintiff should also show that the parties had a principal-agent relationship and that the employer was aware of its employee’s behavior.

Respondeat Superior

Respondeat superior is a legal principle that holds an employer liable for the actions of its workers. The theory of respondeat superior is akin to but not identical to the idea of vicarious culpability (Nahmod et al., 2015, p. 76). Because vicarious responsibility is based mainly on whether an employee’s acts occurred within the scope and course of his or her work, it might be challenging for plaintiffs to prove vicarious liability claims when employees behaved outside of their workplace. Hence, even if a plaintiff could not demonstrate that the employee behaved within the limits of his or her job, a plaintiff might nonetheless establish a respondeat superior claim. Respondeat superior arose in circumstances where a worker was held liable for his or her activities when they caused injury to third parties. In these situations, the employer was found liable even if the activities were not authorized by the employer. The idea of respondeat superior was built around the idea that an employer has authority over its employees and is fully responsible for any injury produced by them.

Employees are often held liable for their acts in places where respondeat superior does not apply if it can be demonstrated that they acted in the course of their employment. This implies that staff members will be held liable (within limits) if they cause damage while acting outside the scope of their job. Yet, in countries that do not adopt respondeat superior, there is significant debate over whether the victim must establish that the employee behaved maliciously in order to collect from his or her employer.

In a tort lawsuit, compensatory damages, which are designed to pay the plaintiff for the losses experienced, and punitive damages, which are meant to penalize the defendant for his or her improper conduct, might be awarded. In addition, prosecutor’s fees and court costs, along with all costs involved with the action, might be included in damages. According to Eades (2023), in tort situations, compensatory damages might include medical expenditures, lost earnings, and suffering and pain. In some circumstances, such as a medical negligence claim or a breach of contract lawsuit, the plaintiff can obtain damages based on the restoration of any fair value that passed to the defendant. Victims may be entitled to nominal damages in supplement to compensatory damages in circumstances where contract violations or other torts such as carelessness resulted in monetary losses. In certain circumstances, the court restricts the amount of damages to a specified financial number in order to encourage the parties to settle their disagreement. Even if the plaintiff cannot establish monetary losses, he or she could still be entitled to obtain nominal damages as long as the claim is not abandoned.

Punitive damages are utilized in civil and criminal law disputes to punish offenders and discourage future wrongdoers. In circumstances where a victim’s right to reasonable compensation is breached, punitive damages may also be granted. According to (Birnbaum et al., 2019, p. 56) Punitive damages may be granted in some situations if the defendant’s acts were extremely wicked or flagrant. Punitive damages are granted in addition to compensatory damages. Plaintiffs were not needed to establish damages in order to prevail in a tort claim under common law. Yet, in order to recover compensatory and punitive damages, most countries now require plaintiffs to present evidence of their losses. The “damages element” is the name given to this criterion.

Personal injury litigation in tort can be complicated and costly. It is, nonetheless, a crucial aspect of the legal system since it allows victims of harm to seek recompense for their losses (Eades, 2023, p. 20). Liability insurance is intended to safeguard individuals and businesses from being held accountable for the consequences of their conduct. Individuals can use liability insurance to protect themselves from personal injury lawsuits such as medical malpractice or slip-and-fall accidents. Liability insurance can protect a business against accusations of professional negligence or product liability. Furthermore, the tort system aims to prevent future negligent or purposeful wrongdoing by requiring those who cause the damage to pay for the consequences of their acts.

The tort system has been chastised for fostering a “compensation culture,” in which individuals are more prone to suit for minor injuries. Compensation culture refers to the rising trend of individuals demanding monetary recompense for perceived wrongs they have suffered. As a result, the number of tort lawsuits filed has increased, as have insurance premiums and expenditures involved with litigating against tort claims. As a result, the accessibility of liability insurance has decreased, reducing the number of enterprises prepared to take on risk, like medical providers and manufacturers. Yet, the tort system continues to be an essential tool for protecting persons from injury and should be preserved.


To recapitulate, torts are a type of civil law that compensates those who have been unlawfully damaged as a result of the carelessness or wrongdoing of another individual or organization. The tort system of personal injury litigation exists largely to offer redress for people who have been wrongly hurt and to avoid additional harm by holding those who are at blame responsible for their conduct. The tort system is backed by groups such as the American Bar Association and the American Bar Association’s Tort Trial and Insurance Practice Section. It is also supported by research from organizations like the RAND Institute and many others (Eades, 2023, p. 84). Nonetheless, there are some worries over growing expenses, which have led to a rise in liability insurance rates, a drop in affordable insurance coverage, and a decrease in business prospects due to an increased risk of litigation. Also, there is considerable worry about compensation culture, that can contribute to bogus claims and higher insurance costs. Notwithstanding these issues, the tort system continues to be an essential feature of our legal system because it allows victims of damage to seek recompense for their losses.

The tort system has been chastised for fostering a “compensation culture,” in which individuals are more prone to suit for minor injuries. Personally, I believe that the tort system is a fair approach to compensate those who have suffered significant losses as a result of the negligence of others, as well as to discourage future wrongdoing by making those who are at blame accountable for their acts. Tort cases are also an important aspect of the legal system in my opinion. As a result, I believe tort cases should not be eliminated or substituted by any other system, such as arbitration or mediation. Alternatively, I believe that tort cases should be preserved, but with an extra layer of restriction (e.g., caps on damages). Also, the focus on paying compensation for devastating injuries is bad since it might result in a spike in bogus claims, resulting in high insurance rates. As a result, I believe that tort litigation is a vital means to protect all individuals from injury and that it should be preserved.


Birnbaum, E. L., Grasso, C. T., & Belen, A. E. (2019). New York Trial Notebook. LexisNexis.

Cane, P. (2006). Atiyah’s Accidents, Compensation and the Law. Cambridge University Press.

Cooper-Stephenson, K. D. (1993). Tort theory. Captus Press.

Daller, D. (2019). Product Liability Desk Reference: A Fifty-State Compendium, 2020 Edition (IL). Wolters Kluwer.

Eades, R. W. (2023). Jury Instructions on Damages in Tort Actions 5th Edition. LexisNexis.

Geistfeld, M. (2021). Products Liability Law. Aspen Publishing.

Gray, A. (2018). Vicarious Liability. Bloomsbury Publishing.

Hare, B. (2019). Product Liability Case Digest, 2020 Edition (IL). Wolters Kluwer.

Institute, M., & State, M. (1988). Intentional torts. Micpel.

Nahmod, S. H., Wells, M. L., Marion, Eaton, T. A., J. Alton Hosch, & Smith, F. (2015). Constitutional Torts, Fourth Edition, 2015. LexisNexis.

Annotated Bibliography – Time Management And College Students Essay Example For College

Crispin, L. M., & Nikolaou, D. (2019). Balancing college and kids: estimating time allocation differences for college students with and without children. Monthly Labor Review, 1–11.

According to one source, this article highlights that students with dependent children, sometimes known as student parents, comprise a growing percentage of college students. Still, diminutive is acknowledged about in what way they manage the strains of both school and motherhood. Family. This paper examines parental time management choices and contrasts them with those of conventional college peers using statistics from ‘the American Time Use Survey.’ Instead, the parent is not the student. Starting with examining evocative figures, it becomes clear that paternities devote fewer period than parents on enlightening pursuits but additional on remunerated exertion. They are not their parents, the pupils. The paper regression study demonstrates that being a parent is connected with fewer than 24 minutes of homework time, less sleep, and a five percentage point reduction in the chance of getting paid employment. They compared pupils who are unrelated to you by 15 minutes daily. It is crucial to recognize the need for student parents’ time to develop programs and regulations that are appropriate for them because they make up a sizable and expanding component of the college population. This piece is the primary to study the demographic traits of parents of students and discuss how parents manage their time for various beneficial activities throughout the day using the extensive dataset, the American Time Use Survey. It was found via the analysis of time log data that parents spend more time on school activities than on school activities. Devote extra stretch to a paid job than students who are not parents. Although becoming a parent is not highly connected with most time-use preferences, our regression results suggest that it is inversely correlated with the amount of time spent on schoolwork and sleep.

Wolters, C. A., & Brady, A. C. (2021). College Students’ Time Management: a Self-Regulated Learning Perspective. Educational Psychology Review, 33(4), 1319–1351.

This article reviews the fact that despite its acknowledged significance for academic success, much time management research has been done without considering a thorough theoretical model to explain its relationship with engagement. Involvement, learning, or success of the students. Its foremost prerogative is that autonomous erudition suggestions the comprehensive abstract agenda compulsory to comprehend student time management and directs research on how it relates to academic success. In four primary stages, we move closer to our more significant objective. It starts by describing investigate representing the value of time administration in a post-secondary setting. The subject of scant empirical research is the link between time management and the tactical and motivating processes that are thought to be essential to self-regulatory learning. The conceptual connections between time management and attention processes are then evaluated for the planning, execution, and post-performance stages of automated learning. Lastly, ‘time management and self-regulated learning have comparable antecedents and environmental factors’. Each of these sections points to future lines of inquiry that may further our knowledge of time management and its integration into a framework for self-regulatory learning. ‘Combined, these initiatives show that time management is a crucial self-regulating mechanism’ that students use to actively control their time and the amount of time they spend on tasks essential to their academic success.

Douma, M. (2017). How to Transition from College to Grad School. Intercollegiate Review, 1–3.

According to Douma, M. (2017), The rhetoric of several academic subjects is similar. John Lukacs, a historian, describes how many individuals in his discipline, history, prefer historians to research and write about the past. Curious individuals become scholars by venturing out for themselves to discover new things. Maria Montessori, a pioneer in educational reform, preached that self-reliant behavior fosters trust. She emphasizes teaching kids to walk and move about independently without constant adult monitoring. All of us are born uneducated, but we all have a tremendous ability to learn. The same is valid with experts. All experts first spent time and effort teaching before becoming experts. You can be sure of information if you have independent experience. You leave the classroom or university lecture hall and come back with arguments based on your business. A scholar is interested, knowledgeable, assured, and creative. Graduate school is not for students; it’s for developing academics. Nobody will worry about your grades during or after graduation as long as you pass. The same is true for your final test and thesis defense; nobody is concerned as long as you pass. Others will be curious whether you can establish a scholarship.

LAZAROS, E., & FLOWERS, J. (2014). KEYS TO SUCCEEDING IN A master’s PROGRAM. Technology & Engineering Teacher, 73(5), 34–39.

This paper asserts that many aspiring graduates desire the opportunity to speak with graduate advisers from different colleges that provide master’s degrees in the topic they are interested in. They may share their expertise to assist prospective students in determining whether now is the ideal moment for them to begin graduate school. They can help future students in selecting institutions and programs. They can assist with graduate school applications and guidance on succeeding after graduation. The authors contacted graduate advisors at several universities for this work and posed some questions to them. The professors of any program under consideration should be contacted directly by anyone considering graduate school. They employed a self-selected sample in a survey. A list of professors associated with technology education master’s degrees or closely related subjects at US academic institutions has received applications.

Oreopoulos, P., Patterson, R. W., Petronijevic, U., & Pope, N. G. (2022). Low-Touch Attempts to Improve Time Management among Traditional and Online College Students. Journal of Human Resources, 57, 1–44.

This paper assessed two free college assistance programs meant to address poor time management, a problem many college students face. The journal noted that the products were being tested at three different institutions, where over 9,000 students were randomly assigned to create a weekly plan in the online scheduling module and get text message reminders for their studies or coaching recommendations. Evaluation of the precise nullification properties on recognition accrual, progression scores, and student preservation at individually location for the entire taster and specific subsections, even though students were treated at two locations, marginally increasing study time. Further research and data indicate that low-contact programs that offer planning support, inspiration, and learning aides-mémoires lack the scale required to impression theoretical attainment practices.

Edwards, D. J., Ngcobo, H. S. B., & Edwards, S. D. (2014). Resilience and coping experiences among master’s professional psychology students in South Africa. Journal of Psychology in Africa, 24(2), 173–178.

This article reviews research carried out on 47 Master of Professional Psychology students who were the subjects of a 5-year longitudinal research that used a qualitative and phenomenological method to examine their resilience and coping experiences during the first year of their studies. South Africa is where they are. There were 12 men and 31 women, ranging in age from 21 to 51, with a mean age of 26. The research uncovered four important patterns in personal recovery, management experience, and struggle experience. Life and learning experiences and eight overlapping coping strategies include time management, technical study, personal skills, fitness, sports, and entertainment, individual rehabilitation, otherworldly and sacred pursuits, and lessening. The results’ relevance and validity are discussed in light of comparative national and international investigations.

Kuang-Tsan, C., & Fu-Yuan, H. (2017). Study on Relationship Among University Students’ Life Stress, Smart Mobile Phone Addiction, and Life Satisfaction. Journal of Adult Development, 24(2), 109–118.

This study intended to examine how Taiwanese university students’ life happiness and various forms of stress related to their use of mobile devices. The participants were 332 university students from northern Taiwan, with a male-gender ratio of 64.8% to 35.2%. The study instruments were the College Student Life Satisfaction Scale, the Mobile Smartphone Addiction Scale, and the College Student Daily Stress Measure. Multiple regression analysis, product time correlation analysis, and expressive numbers were used to scrutinize the statistics. The findings indicate that; university students’ love stress and academic stress have a positive impact on mobile smartphone addiction, and their stress from interpersonal relationships, pressure from their careers, anxiety from their families, stress from time management, and other issues have a significant impact on their satisfaction in life. Finally, suggestions for instructors, college students, and further study are provided in light of the findings.