Amnesia In Lemonick’s “The Perpetual Now” University Essay Example


Amnesia refers to memory loss, including experiences, basic information, and facts. The press and digital media have to a great extent, fabricated amnesia. Various movies and YouTube videos have played a significant role in raising awareness of the disorder. However, these platforms have made people believe that one gets amnesia by simply bumping their head, but this is fictitious in most cases. Amnesia can be caused by brain infection or injury, stroke, electroconvulsive therapy, or brain surgery. Amnesia can also result from abuse of drugs, physical trauma, or insufficient blood flow into the brain. The principal symptom of amnesia is the incapacity to preserve new information. This essay reviews the book ‘The Perpetual Now’ describing the characterization of amnesia.

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‘The Perpetual Now’ by Michael Lemonick is an exciting piece of work that takes one deep into the most peculiar entanglement nature of the human brain. The book explains the brain’s functioning, such as creating and storing memories, and how the capacity to create and remember various memories affect an individual’s daily life (Banich & Compton, 2018). Lemonick writes succinct and informative while still amusing, which is challenging to attain in science journalism. The writer delivers a captivating lesson that enhances appreciation for having memories. In the story, Lemonick introduces Lonni Sue Johnson and his family. Lonni Sue is an artist, an amateur pilot, and musician diagnosed with acute amnesia and cannot recall or form memories.

The character in the story, Lonni Sue Johnson, is a celebrated artist who consistently produced covers on behalf of The New Yorker. However, in 2007, the artist contracted viral encephalitis, an inflammation of the brain caused by infection (Lemonick, 2018). Active brain tissues of a person with encephalitis begin to swell, causing confusion, neck stiffness, seizure, headache, and sensitivity to light (Banich & Compton, 2018). The memory loss left Lonni Johnson severely amnestic, and therefore she lives in a present that never exceeds fifteen minutes.

‘The Perpetual Now’ describes the importance of memory in identity. The character in the story captivates neuroscientists how she still lives a joyful life despite having lost her memory. The characterization of Lonni Sue Johnson is correct because encephalitis is indeed a severe infection of the brain, as told in ‘The Perpetual Now’ (Lemonick, 2018). People diagnosed with the disease have a high probability of neurological impairments later in their lives, precisely what happened to the character (Banich & Compton, 2018). In this case, the virus attacked the part of the brain responsible for memory formation.

At some point, the character remembered her mother and sister, as well as her profession. However, the character was astonished at the memory of significant events 20 years earlier, such as her father’s death (Lemonick, 2018). The character could no longer create new memories and could not recognize her next-door neighbors.


As seen above, amnesia refers to memory loss, including experiences, basic information, and facts. The essay has reviewed ‘The Perpetual Now,’ describing the characterization of amnesia. In the book, the character, Lonni Sue, lost nearly all her memories and could no longer create new ones. This story has turned to be a basis of the broad scientific narrative, currently questioning traditional wisdom concerning how the brain stores memory and awareness. Therefore, the story enhances human comprehension of the brain and the appreciation of human resilience.


Banich, M., & Compton, R. (2018). Cognitive Neuroscience (4th ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Web.

Lemonick, M. D. (2018). The perpetual now: A story of amnesia, memory, and love. Anchor.

Schools’ Access To Students’ Social Media

The wide use of digital technologies nowadays has raised concerns about individuals’ privacy. Many people think that personal information contained in digital sources should not be available to a third party. In particular, there is an opinion that schools should not monitor students’ social media because it would breach students’ privacy. Indeed, it seems that social media is beyond the school area of responsibility, and students can do whatever they want there. However, schools are accountable for ensuring children’s safety, and social media can reveal specific threats to students’ security. Therefore, this paper argues that schools should have access to students’ social media, but only to the information that can be publicly available. It means that schools should be able to check students’ posts, photos, videos, and comments but not their private messages. The first reason for this is that tracking students’ social media publications may reveal cases of cyberbullying and hate speech. Second, observing students’ photos and videos can disclose deviant behaviors, such as smoking or alcohol abuse. Third, particular posts can signify that a student has depression or other psychological problems and needs help.

Greenwald (n.d.) argues that privacy has always been a social norm, and it has been important because people’s behavior without surveillance is extremely different from that under supervision. He states that being watched makes people be more conformist and obedient (Greenwald, n.d.). While this argument supports the need for privacy, it also justifies the necessity of school monitoring of students’ social media. Under observation, students are supposed to restrain from engaging in such behaviors as cyberbullying and hate speech. Further, although photos and videos can be considered personal information, schools can use them to track whether students abuse alcohol or other substances and take measures to address this problem. Finally, schools can check whether students’ posts contain suicidal thoughts or threats to take action to prevent teen suicide or school shootings. In conclusion, the right to privacy is important in social media, but when the matter concerns students, schools should be able to have access to publicly available information in students’ social media accounts. In this case, schools will be able to address possible security threats.


Greenwald, G. (n.d.). Why privacy matters. Web.

The Future Of Coal Plants Regarding Climate Change

The use of coal plants to provide energy has been at the center of the growth of many economies of the world. In the US alone, coal powers 25% of all electricity used domestically and industrially (Society for Mining, Metallurgy and Exploration, 2022). On the other hand, studies associate coal with the emission of greenhouse gasses, which is a threat to global climate and temperatures. As far as mitigation of climate is concerned, the continued use of coal is counterproductive. Most recently, several countries of the world have committed to abandoning the use of coal to provide electricity for their economies (Malpass & Birol, 2022). Such measures, along with the contribution of coal to climate change, mean that the future of coal as a source of electricity is doubtful. Investing in coal power plants or continued use of the energy source may therefore be detrimental to an organization’s reputation.

The National Society of Professional Engineers (NSPE) code of ethics for engineers requires that engineers performing their duties should ensure the health, safety and wellness of the community. Coal power plants do the opposite by causing pollution and endangering life. Working in these plants would therefore violate the ethical codes that govern engineering practice while also endangering life. Secondly, green energy continues to gain appeal among the general public in place of energy sources such as coal. In line with the aforementioned code of ethics, engineers involved in energy production are likely to align themselves with clean, healthy and safer forms of energy plants. It is highly likely that this would mean little or no development in coal power plants in favor of plants that produce cleaner energy.


Malpass, D. & Birol, F. (2021). It’s critical to tackle coal emissions.

National Society of Professional Engineers. (2022). NSPE code of ethics for engineers.

Society for Mining, Metallurgy and Exploration. (2022). Coal’s importance to the world.

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