An Analysis Of ” Sonny’s Blues” Free Sample

An Analysis of “Sonny’s Blues” According to the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary, imagery is defined as the use of pictures or words to create images, especially to create an impression or a mood (dictionary. cambridge. org). In literary works of art, it is customary for authors to employ the use of imagery as a means of adding depth to their writing. It has a way of encompassing the senses as opposed to simply permitting the reader to construct a mental image. James Baldwin utilizes this convention in “Sonny’s Blues” to relay an accurate account of the period that he lived in.

In his essay “Autobiographical Notes” Baldwin states, “One writes out of only one thing – one’s own experience”. The darkness that befalls the streets of Harlem in “Sonny’s Blues” was the first-hand portrayal of what life was like in Baldwin’s hometown (238; 243; 244; 245; 255). Poverty and drug infestation was rampant in the streets and often became a trap for many of the residents. “Those who got out (of Harlem) always left something of themselves behind, as some animals amputate a leg and leave it in the trap” (243) was a line in which Baldwin used imagery to illustrate the perils of the streets that he grew up on.

Simile and metaphor are frequent modes that Baldwin exercised to present imagery. “For a moment nobody’s talking, but every face looks darkening, like the sky outside” (Baldwin 244) is an example of simile in which the word “like” is used to compare two different ideas, drawing the reader into the story through a mental picture. The author also applied the use of simile to liken a boy whistling a tune to a songbird (239). In the second paragraph of “Sonny Blue’s”, Baldwin uses metaphor to reflect the pain that the narrator feels when he describes the block of ice in his stomach (238).

These images allow the reader to feel a direct connection to the characters in this tale. In the article by Flibbert, he proclaims that images of darkness in this vignette are indicative of the character’s feelings and exemplifies this by stating, “The streets on which Sonny grew up seem to darken as he passes through them”. The darkness is akin to the suffering that all of the characters experience throughout their lives and the young men in “Sonny’s Blues” try to escape the darkness of their lives (reality) by retreating to the darkness of the movies (fantasy) (238). The darkness outside is what the old folks have been talking about. It’s what they’ve come from. It’s what they endure” (Baldwin 245).

The darkness and suffering is inescapable for all of the characters despite their attempts to overcome it and this one of the only understandings that Sonny and his brother share. There are also brief images of light in the narrative and the contrast between the two signals the distinction between the two brothers. …All that light in his face gone out, in the condition that I’d already seen so many others” (Baldwin 238) is how the narrator described Sonny’s descent to darkness. The light is representative of the narrator’s ability to escape the pitfalls of the streets while the darkness is symbolic of Sonny’s struggles with drug addiction. Additionally, the darkness and light in the story that showed on the faces of the children denote a loss of innocence as the children grow away from the light at home toward the darkness outside (Baldwin 244).

The use of imagery is instrumental to conveying a semblance of what the author is feeling to the reader. At the time of publication, “Sonny’s Blues” was Baldwin’s way to reflect on the racial identity problems that he and all African Americans faced. Furthermore, Sonny’s character used a creative outlet (Blues) to escape the darkness just as Baldwin used his writing. In an essence, Baldwin and Sonny are one and the same.

Works Cited

Baldwin, James. “Sonny’s Blues” Going to Meet the Man. New York: The Dial Press, 1965. Web. 10 September 2012 Flibbert, Joseph. “Sonny’s Blues: Overview short story 1957”. Reference Guide to Short Fiction. Ed. Noelle Watson. Detroit: St. James Press, 1994. Literature Resource Center. Web. 10 September 2012 “Imagery”. Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary. Cambridge University Press. Web. 7 October 2012 “James Baldwin”. Gay & Lesbian Biography. Ed. Michael Tyrkus and Michael Bronski. Detroit: St. James Press, 1997. Literature Resource Center. Web. 10 September 2012

Federalists V Anti-Federalists

The Federalists and Anti-Federalists were different as they had opposing views, but they were also similar in some ways. The main argument between them was the ratification of the Constitution. They differed on how to solve the problems of the Constitution, but they both wanted to form a government that could run the country and do what is best for the people. The Federalists and Anti-Federalists differed in many ways for example the Federalists completely backed the Constitution; they favored a strong central government, a two-house legislature and were generally wealthy people who owned slaves.

They disagreed with the idea of a Bill of Rights and the idea of a stronger state government; they felt as though a strong central would function better. Federalists also thought that wealthy and educated people would best run government, and the others were to be governed. They also allied British, and were against French. The Anti-Federalists favored a strong state government and a weak central government; they opposed ratification of the Constitution.

Anti-Federalists were mostly poor, uneducated farmers who did not own land and viewed the “elites” as corrupt, they believed in decency on the “common man” and sought greater protection of individual rights. Instead of a two-house legislature, they wanted a unicameral legislature, frequent elections, to provide greater class and occupational representation. The Anti-Federalist strongly favored and believed in having a Bill of Rights added to the Constitution to further protect individuals’ rights and liberties.

They allied French, and were against British. The Federalists and Anti-Federalists were although similar in some ways, they both wanted to find a government to best run the country and both sides wrote papers to express the opinions and views named the “Federalist papers” and “Anti-Federalists papers. ” In Conclusion, the Federalists and Anti-Federalists disagreed on many things and were similar in few areas

Stylistic Analysis-Two Thanksgiving Gentleman By O. Henry

O. Henry is one of the most famous American short story writers. O. Henry’s real name was William Sydney Porter and he was born in Greensboro, North Carolina on September 11, 1862. O. Henry’s short stories are famous for their surprise endings and humor. O. Henry’s wrote such classic short stories as The Ransom of Red Chief, “The Gift of the Magi” and “The Furnished Room”. His stories often have characters from opposite society levels: the wealthy and the poor, a policeman and a thief, a shop girl and a millionaire.

Many of these stories end with a surprising twist that reveals an unsuspected trait from one or both characters. The short story “Two Thanksgiving Gentlemen” shows us the importance of traditions. It takes place in America on a Thanksgiving Day. The main characters of the story are Stuffy Pete, a homeless man, and the Old Gentlemen, a rich philanthropist. Stuffy Pete is a homeless man. Every Thanksgiving for the last nine years, he has been summoned from his bench in New York City’s Union Square by an old gentleman who takes him to a restaurant, orders up a sumptuous dinner, and sits idly by as Stuffy eats it.

This year, however, as Stuffy is making his way to his park bench, “two old ladies of ancient family” stop him, invite him into their home, and serve him a meal even more sumptuous than his traditional fare. By the time he reaches his old familiar bench and the old gentleman shows up, he is already stuffed to the gills. But nevertheless Stuffy accepts his invitation and “fought bravely to maintain tradition”. As the result of this nourishing dinner Stuffy is brought at the hospital. An hour later the ambulance brought the Old Gentlemen.

But his case is quite different – starvation, as “he hadn’t eaten a thing in three days”. The main tone of the story is ironical, sometimes even sarcastic (Stuffy Pete was a hero who fought bravely to maintain tradition). The language is expressive as there are many stylistic devices and expressive means: Antonomasia: The Old Gentleman Stuffy Simile: Stuffy Pete wheezed and shuddered like some woman’s over-fat pug when a street dog bristles up at him. Metaphor: Thanksgiving Day come and find Stuffy Pete on the bench, these words had been music in Stuffy’s ears.

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