An Outbreak Of Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome Free Sample

According to the history of the global world, it is asserted that until something takes its position a change is endorsed. Although when the efforts to the improvements are going on in the process it is not actually to the point that until a certain crisis occurs when people will accept change to find a solution to the problem. An instance of the year 1993 when regulators and researchers got it significantly and impactful after the outbreak of foodborne diseases called jack in the box chain illness. However, the illness was first reported in Washington where a cluster of toddlers was seriously suffering from a hemolytic uremic syndrome which was caused by a bacterial pathogen. Despite the outbreak, there were some events and errors that agitated the outbreak.

Consequently, the outbreak of the organism was contributed by various errors. Under the occurrence of the errors, there was so many loss of lives despite governmental supervision. One of the errors that contributed to the outbreak is that the implementation of the critical points was moving to the raw side on a slower basis, in the early 1990s meat inspection evolved slowly which was away from the visual system which was at risk. Secondly, another error was that in the year 1992 the United States failed to implement a good standardized system that is used for hazard analysis(Birlutiu & Birlutiu, 2018)n. Above all the errors gave rise to the increment of the outbreak since the government at Large was not ready to cooperate and foresee the outbreak and have possible solutions.

Besides the errors that triggered the outbreak of the bacterium, some events contributed much to the illness. For example, the prequel of 1992 under the supervision of the Russell who was the administrator of the food safety program had admirable plans for this particular sector of FSIS where he started to move away against the organoleptic system of inspection which is based on the sight and scent risk approaches. However, the occurrence of the event contributed to the outbreak where the moves of elimination were against meat inspection programs and from activists(Birlutiu & Birlutiu, 2018). Russell’s plan was also prioritizing food and public health through the protection of the economy y, and restructuring of the FSIS inured to address the food safety program. After the constitution of the plan, the war on the pathogens was available for presidential approval, but due to the election defeat, led to the failure of the plans. Furthermore, the event contributed to the outbreak since the required and desired plans were not in the state.

Other than the jack-in-the-box restaurant chain outbreak, other entities contributed to the spread of the illness. The first outbreak before the jack-in-the-box disaster came about under the infection of the Escherichia coli 015:H7 little be called a pathogen bacterium. Whereby investigations were done fully which led to the loss f lives because of ignorance. However, the investigation carried out indicates that the affected individuals acquired the illness because of consuming undercooked hamburgers (Piercefield et al., 2019). Besides the infection, researchers also display that HUS is caused by covid 19 infections where it affects the kidneys which leads to thrombotic microangiopathy. Moreover, there are other diseases In the human lifestyle that triggers the outbreak of HUS in our daily lives.

Statistics worldwide indicate that there is no known specific medical treatment for HUS. Individuals or parties who are affected and infected by the particular illness are advised to greatly have the reduction in the great risk of the outbreak. Due to the main cause of E.coli which is the bacterium of infection the rate of its transmission ought to be prevented to avoid a constant outbreak since the diseases can be prevented fully. There are various ways of preventing the outbreak of the disease by the parries involved in the tragedy: one of the preventions is to avoid eating raw meat, when one is served an undercooked hamburger, or a beef send or return it for cooking to consume the required meal staff. Keeping food that is to be taken raw like vegetables and fruits away from contact with animal products since they carry a higher percentage of bacteria (Karpman et al., 2017). Contact to contact leads to the contamination of the food to be consumed later. Consequently, all coked animal products should be raised to a temperature of at least 155 until a point when the juices run out clearly.

Parties involved in the outbreak of Hus must be very careful when handling persons. Particularly, this group of people should wash their hands with soap and more water before consuming and after fixing certain food like raw meat. Also, the parties ought to clean their hands after being in the toilet to avoid the occurrence of the outbreak at large(Harkins et al., 2020). other than this also one is advised to wash hands when caring for a person having diarrhea and aiding the person to use the toilet, soiled clothes, and soiled sheets. While handling people with diarrhea one is advised not to fix food or serve other individuals while suffering from the illness. All precautions should be put in place by those suffering from the outbreak of HUS.

Another prevention to this outbreak for the parties is that they should drink k only pressurized milk or any other juice. Through this act, it will help them to consume liquids or fluids free from any bacterium especially milk purpose. Consumption of the required meals will automatically prevent the individuals from undergoing undersides treatment for the outbreak (Harkins et al., 2020). Other the meal sector of consideration one is advised to avoid frequent sexual practices that permit the transmission of oral face, also protection should be used to avoid the spread of pathogenic E. coli which is the core course of hemolytic uremic syndrome.t therefore the person involved ought to have more safeguard to avoid transmissions of the outbreak to uninfected people.

Parties or individuals involved in the pandemic ought to have some roles. significantly, the roles played by the individuals affected help the entire group who have not succumbed to the outbreak. Various ways or roles are played by the affected persons to provide the safety of food to the consumers. First, the parties engaged should aware of the other people in the outbreak and display various measures to prevent the spread of the infection (Trachtman et al., 2018). Through this, it helps people to be cautious while handling foodstuffs and cleanliness in their surroundings. Another role is to give the importance of food safety to the society at large whereby it is important for business and protection from foodborne illness.

In conclusion, food poisoning is harmful to human health. Whereby it results from consuming either animal or plant with toxins, it occurs immediately after ingesting species with poisonous substances. Food poisoning has common symptoms like nausea, diarrhea, and seizures which make one be not uncomfortable and affects the body generally. Biologically, scientists show that poisoning is caused by infections that consist of parasites and microbes also viruses that engulf the red blood cells which in turn the white blood cells have failed to perform their task of preventing the body against diseases. Foodborne illness should have immediate measures lie the hemolytic uremic syndrome which tends to kill several people.

References

Birlutiu, V., & Birlutiu, R. M. (2018). Haemolytic-uremic syndrome due to infection with adenovirus. Medicine97(7), e9895. https://doi.org/10.1097/md.0000000000009895

Harkins, V. J., McAllister, D. A., & Reynolds, B. C. (2020). Shiga-Toxin E. coli Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome: Review of Management and Long-term Outcome. Current Pediatrics Reports8(1), 16–25. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40124-020-00208-7

Karpman, D., Loos, S., Tati, R., & Arvidsson, I. (2017). Haemolytic uraemic syndrome. Journal of Internal Medicine281(2), 123–148. https://doi.org/10.1111/joim.12546

Piercefield, E. W., Bradley, K. K., Coffman, R. L., & Mallonee, S. M. (2019). Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome After an Escherichia coli O111 Outbreak. Archives of Internal Medicine170(18). https://doi.org/10.1001/archinternmed.2010.346

Trachtman, H., Austin, C., Lewinski, M., & Stahl, R. A. K. (2018). Renal and neurological involvement in typical Shiga toxin-associated HUS. Nature Reviews Nephrology8(11), 658–669. https://doi.org/10.1038/nrneph.2012.196

Analysis Of David Walker’s Appeal Essay Example

Introduction

David Walker’s Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World is a document that aimed to instill a sense of pride and dignity in the people of color and give them courage and hope even in the face of oppression they faced from the dominant community. Walker derived inspiration to write the appeal from observations and refutations from Racists like Thomas Jefferson. Biblical teachings also inspired him to campaign against oppression and equal treatment of the free and enslaved black community.

Thesis

Slavery abolishment and campaigns to end the oppression of the black community are some of the earliest forms of social reform movements that called for equal treatment of the minority population in the United States of America. In the face of oppression and slavery, violence is better than peaceful demonstrations in the quest for freedom.

Christian Doctrines

Walker, in his appeal, calls on the enslaved black people to act to free themselves from the inferiority mindset that made them subject to slavery. He uses religious doctrines to challenge further the proposed reforms that aimed to deny the black population further their freedom.[1]. Having been brought up in a community in Charleston, where churches were anti-slavery, Walker was inspired by the Christian teachings to pass the message of liberation to the dominant society and the enslaved black population.[2]. Walker condemns the dominant society of being hypocrites. He claims that the Bible advises on the equality of all men and would punish those who oppressed their fellow human beings on Earth, ‘I will not speak of the destructions the Lord brought upon Egypt due to the oppression and groans of the oppressed.’[3] Walker argues that God would punish the dominant community who supported slavery as he did to the Egyptians for oppressing the Israelites.

Walker also argues that those who believe in the Word of God can lay down prejudice against the black community. He further asserts that the followers of Christ do not see their counterparts as less of human beings and believe in God’s message that he alone is to be served, ‘God made man serve him alone.’[4] Walker campaigns against slaveholders who thought the enslaved black people could not speak for themselves and proclaims that their behavior is against the Word of God. He notes that servitude should only be left to God as he is the master of all creation, ‘Almighty is the sole proprietor of the human family.’[5] Walker also preaches to the dominant society in the United States of America that God would pass his judgment on them for their hypocrisy and bending the Biblical teachings to enslave the black people.

Observations

Walker being a great adventurer, also derives his inspiration to fight for the liberation of the enslaved population in America from his observations during his travels. He claims that during these travels, he has made observations all over the nation that the people of color are the most oppressed.[6] Walker asserts that he had a full and shaken conviction on the pathetic states of the black people’s conditions in the country. Moreover, he would not wish a similar fate for any other generation in the country, ‘I pray that none like us ever may live again until time shall pass no more.’[7] He compares the situation of his people to that of the Helots in Sparta and the Israelites in Egypt. His observations depict that the dominant society alludes to the Bible and Great History books to promote the suffering and oppression of the enslaved community.

The dominant society, especially the slaveholders, seem to justify their actions on past narrations that saw the minority groups being subjected to slavery and oppression. These groups were the Roman enslaved people and the Helots in Sparta. Walker condemned these actions and proposed that the United States of America can do better than the historical happenings. They are a self-proclaimed Christian nation founded on liberty, ‘Respecting our miseries and wretchedness in this Republican land of liberty.’ He confronts the enforcers of the status quo not to ship the free people of color back to Africa and asserts that America is their home. He condemns the government’s actions in places like Ohio and describes how his people had been beaten and driven from the country. Through his observations, Walker inspires courage in the black community and encourages them to hold on till the end as they face their adversaries who want to chase them from their homes, ‘Let no man of us budge one step.’

Refutations of Racists

Thomas Jefferson’s racist remarks on white supremacy angered Walker. Jefferson had earlier claimed that the black race was inferior to the white race in all aspects of life. He argued that for the white community to preserve their dignity and beauty, they had to view the other races as inferior as nature dictated.[8]. Moreover, in his speech, Jefferson pointed out that whites should not join the black race in liberation movements as their color stood as the obstacle to their emancipation.[9] Walker condemns the latter racist speech by using the declaration of IndependenceIndependence to challenge the hypocrisy of the nation’s leaders. For instance, the dominant society confronts their lack of understanding of their declaration that stated that every country was created equally by God, ‘Do you understand your own language?’

Walker believed that the declaration of Independence promoted happiness and peaceful coexistence between the people of color and the white community. The latter was contrary to the remarks of the President. Walker himself, born by a free mother and an enslaved father, understood both sides of the world. He condemns the ills of the slaveholders on the enslaved community. Walker further compares the situation of the people of color to that of America under Great Britain.[10]. David Walker is against the remarks of racists like Thomas Jefferson as they seemed to have not learned from history. However cruel and unjust were the British, their cruelty could not surpass what the enslaved black community was subjected to by the slaveholders. The remarks on equality by Jefferson made Walker allude to Satanic persuasions that made the White community not be humble as Christianity expects, ‘Ought they not be humble as I? Do you think they can measure arms with Jehovah?’[11]

Relationship Between the Inspirations

Walker’s sources of inspiration like doctrines from Christianity, refutations from racists, and observations are similar in that they are all inclined towards the nature of cruelty and oppression that the people of color went through in the hands of the dominant society slaveholders. The inspirations connect both historical and current situations and connect them to oppression and racism in America. For instance, Walker challenges Jefferson’s remarks using historical observations such as how the British rule was cruel on the Americans and calls for a change based on the idea that Americans ought to learn from history. Moreover, he challenges the remarks on black’s inferiority by using biblical arguments that God created everyone equal. The inspirations are also related as their all point out the need of all Americans to promote effective coexistence. The motivations call on the need to stop slavery and oppression in the United States of America.

What Intellectual Tradition Influenced Walker Most?

David Walker’s appeal was influenced mainly by religious (Christian) doctrines. He compares the oppression of the people of color under the rulership of the dominant community to biblical stories like the Israelites who were under Egyptian rulership. Moreover, he calls on enslaved people to have faith as God will deliver them from oppression as he did to the Israelites. Walker uses Biblical narrations to counter any ills on the enslaved community. For example, he calls on Christians to stop slavery and asserts that God would punish the slaveholders who dared raise arms on Jehovah. He derives his Christian doctrines from his parents, having been raised the Christian way.

Conclusion

David Walker, in his appeal, campaigned for the liberation of the enslaved black people and just treatment of the black community. He derives his inspiration to fight for his people from Christianity and observations during his travels across the nation. Moreover, racists’ remarks from people like Thomas Jefferson inspired him to challenge the hypocrisy in America as far as equal treatment of all citizens was concerned. The inspirations were related in that they act as channels through which Walker aims to pass his anti-slavery messages to the citizens of America. Christianity influenced David Walker the most in his attempts to guide the dominant society to end slavery.

Bibliography

Garnet, Henry Highland. Walker’s Appeal. BoD–Books on Demand, 2020.

Jones, Brandon, and Alvin Curette. “A Christian Critique of David Walker’s Appeal.” (2018).

Thompson, Peter. “David Walker’s Nationalism—and Thomas Jefferson’s.” Journal of the Early Republic 37, no. 1 (2017): 47-80.

[1] Jones, Brandon, and Alvin Curette. “A Christian Critique of David Walker’s Appeal.” (2018).

[2] Jones, Brandon, and Alvin Curette. “A Christian Critique of David Walker’s Appeal.” (2018).

[3] Garnet, Henry Highland. Walker’s Appeal. BoD–Books on Demand, 2020.

[4] Garnet, Henry Highland. Walker’s Appeal. BoD–Books on Demand, 2020.

[5] Garnet, Henry Highland. Walker’s Appeal. BoD–Books on Demand, 2020.

[6] Garnet, Henry Highland. Walker’s Appeal. BoD–Books on Demand, 2020.

[7] Jones, Brandon, and Alvin Curette. “A Christian Critique of David Walker’s Appeal.” (2018).

[8] Thompson, Peter. “David Walker’s Nationalism—and Thomas Jefferson’s.” Journal of the Early Republic 37, no. 1 (2017): 47-80.

[9] Thompson, Peter. “David Walker’s Nationalism—and Thomas Jefferson’s.” Journal of the Early Republic 37, no. 1 (2017): 47-80.

[10] Garnet, Henry Highland. Walker’s Appeal. BoD–Books on Demand, 2020.

[11] Jones, Brandon, and Alvin Curette. “A Christian Critique of David Walker’s Appeal.” (2018).

Analysis Of Henry A. Wallace, Speech On The Truman Doctrine (1947) Essay Example

This paper will examine the effects of presidential opinions. Following the conclusion of World War II, communists and monarchists vied for control of postwar Greece’s government. The Soviet Union supported the communists, while the United Kingdom and the United States of America supported the monarchists. Considering that it shares a border with Turkey in the Middle East and with many European nations, Greece was an essential ally in the United States’ efforts to stem the rise of communism and the ensuing cold war. Analyzing the geopolitical consequences of Truman’s letter to Congress, this article examines the relevance, context, structure, evidence, and inconsistencies to show how it has shaped history across the globe.[1]

After the speech, the Cold War began. When President Harry Truman spoke to a joint session of Congress on March 12, 1947, on Greece and Turkey, he was making a veiled assault on the country. The president’s goal was to draw the country’s and Congress’ attention to the communist influence spreading throughout Europe and Asia. Hitler committed suicide only one month after the inauguration of Truman. The situation in Japan was getting worse due to the mounting toll of casualties and the looming land invasion by the Japanese. A new era of nuclear competition began in 1945 when President Truman ordered the first atomized bomb to destroy Hiroshima.

There was no confrontation with the Soviet Union after World War II. Disputes had already erupted during World War II about who would be in charge of establishing the postwar international order, even before it was over. Poland was the site of the most intense fighting during the war. The Soviet Union would support eastern Europe’s democratically elected governments at a summit at Yalta held in February 1945. It defied this commitment by orchestrating the creation of a puppet communist government in Poland. This was a watershed moment in the history of Eastern Europe.[2]

Truman had hoped that the Soviet Union would do its share when it came to maintaining good ties. In the end, the president understood that he could not avoid hostilities in Eastern Europe. To make matters worse for Truman, there were worries that countries in Western Europe might elect communist administrations, resulting in a shift in political, economic, and military ties with the Soviet Union. To the Soviets, he was sending a message that the United States was serious about negotiating and would not back down.

They could not agree on several topics, including the future of post-Hitler Germany and Poland’s borders and the nature of wartime reparations. An argument was brewing and just ready to blow out because of these reasons. To maintain their grip on Eastern Europe and gain control of Turkey, the Soviet Union became engaged in the communist-led rebellion in Greece at this time. In light of these events, Truman was concerned. Secretary of State Byrnes heard him say, “I am weary of babying the Soviets” in January 1946.

U.S. ambassador to Moscow, who argued that the Soviet Union set on expansion, issued a telegram to Washington in February 1946. During this pivotal time, Truman wrote this letter. For Greece and Turkey’s free governments and “free peoples who oppose attempted enslavement by armed minority or by foreign influences,” the letter was an affirmation of support for both countries’ independence.

Afterward, international ties with the rest of the globe would undergo a fundamental shift. The United States during the Cold War used carrots to influence governments and separate them from the Soviet Union. Since then, geopolitics has operated in one of two ways: either favoring Communist influence or being governed by Western capitalism. A presidential pleading for funds to influence foreign politics was the first time this had was done. There are references to the president’s call for financial help to regulate the political climate throughout his speech. This was a defining moment in American foreign policy for years to come. A civil war broke out in Greece at the same time as Turkey got urged to give up part of its sovereignty over the Dardanelles. In light of Britain’s inability to assist these nations, the United States got enlisted to step in. [3]

At the start of his speech, the president referred to Greece’s economic struggles after World War II. After the German invasion, Greece’s infrastructure got damaged, and inflation surged, wiping away the nation’s savings. Reconstruction in the nation was made possible because of Britain’s financial and technical assistance, a wartime ally. With its issues, the British government could not help its friends throughout the world. The government in Greece was unable to maintain authority over the nation. The purpose of the financial assistance was to enable the United States to gain more political control over its interests. In the 21st century and into the future, economic assistance to support governments, restore governments and even form friendly governments to the country’s interests will grow.[4]

The organization of the text is such that the focus of the debate is on Greece and Turkey’s financial assistance programs. The president also highlights that the financial and military help must get restrained in this request. Forces, “totalitarian regimes pushed on people,” and such phrases obscure most of the allusions to the Soviet Union. The president, on the other hand, often refers to “democracies,” “democracies,” and “democracies free from coercion” in order to defend the United States’ support for Greece and Turkey.

That transformation from neutral to active participant in global events get best shown in this letter. The president ultimately agreed to a lengthy and drawn-out war for worldwide supremacy. A new era in American foreign policy started when a $400 million grant was approved. The government seemed to be uninterested in events beyond its boundaries prior to this action. During the Cold War, President Eisenhower was alarmed by the spread of Soviet communist hegemony into countries like China, Eastern Europe, Africa, and the Middle East. He took action. George Kennan, a U.S. diplomat, proposed containment measures to fight this expanding power. President Truman’s foreign policy was based mainly on containment. To keep the Soviet Union in check after the request for funding for containment efforts in Greece and Turkey was denied, President Truman took drastic measures like the Marshall Plan, which provided financial assistance to Europe, and the formation of NATO, a military alliance between Europe and the United States. It was a significant shift in the course of the Soviet-American confrontation when the top-secret NSC-68 document was drafted, which envisioned a military buildup in preparation for fighting the Soviets. This aggressive strategy to deal with international crises, such as the Syrian crisis, continues to this day, despite the Soviet Union’s demise.[5]

The president spends much time talking about democracy in Greece, governance, and the democratic system. The letter, by extension, was a signal that the United States would continue to fight for the preservation of democratic procedures in its foreign policy. In nations like Libya and Kuwait, this was the situation. With the acceptance of this letter, the president attempted to draw the nation into the world’s wars. If the United States provides financial aid to Greece and Turkey, the president is aware of the “wide ramifications” involved. Containment methods got used to restrain the growing influence of the Soviet Union and those who supported and sympathized with it. As a result of the containment doctrine, the United States got drawn into the Korean and Vietnam wars. It had been a long time since the Second World War, and he was wary of jumping into any fight for the sake of “containment.”

This letter paved the way for the Cold War armaments competition, which lasted for decades. The president requested that personnel and financial assistance be provided to the governments of Greece and Turkey. This backing would infuriate the Soviet Union, resulting in a confrontation that would spread weapons in preparation for war. In addition to requesting assistance financing for Greece and Turkey, the president’s letter marked a turning point in American foreign policy. The theory sparked a weapons race of epic proportions, which led to one of the most destructive conflicts in history. Many parts of the globe saw a dramatic shift in the geopolitical landscape once this decision got made, even though it had been years in the making. A more aggressive attitude in dealing with foreign policy led to an all-out cold war between the U.S. and the USSR. Only the fall of the Soviet Union brought an end to the fighting.[6]

He was concerned about the Soviet Union’s long-term impact on the United States when he sent this letter to Greece and Turkey in 1947. Democracy without compulsion is the goal of the letter. As a part of their attempts to promote democracy without compulsion, Truman highlights the founding of the United Nations. The real issue is whether the United States has imposed its will on other democratic democracies without their knowledge or permission. The letter’s backing of the Guatemalan coup in 1957 contrasts the viewpoint it was trying to convey.

References

Evered, Kyle. “The Truman Doctrine in Greece and Turkey: America’s Cold War Fusion of Development and Security.” The Arab World Geographer 13, no. 1 (February 24, 2011): 50–66. https://doi.org/10.5555/arwg.13.1.d21725470tp75466.

“From the Truman Doctrine to the Second Superpower Detente: The Rise and Fall of the Cold War – Michael Cox, 1990.” Accessed March 15, 2022. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0022343390027001004.

John Lewis Graddis. “Was the Truman Doctrine a Real Turning Point?” Council on Foreign Relations 52, no. 2 (2022): 18.

Kernell, Samuel. “The Truman Doctrine Speech: A Case Study of the Dynamics of Presidential Opinion Leadership,” 2022, 26.

“The Truman Doctrine: Containing Communism and Modernity – MERRILL – 2006 – Presidential Studies Quarterly – Wiley Online Library.” Accessed March 15, 2022. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1741-5705.2006.00284.x.

[1] Samuel Kernell, “The Truman Doctrine Speech: A Case Study of the Dynamics of Presidential Opinion Leadership,” 2022, 26.

[2] Kyle Evered, “The Truman Doctrine in Greece and Turkey: America’s Cold War Fusion of Development and Security,” The Arab World Geographer 13, no. 1 (February 24, 2011): 50–66, https://doi.org/10.5555/arwg.13.1.d21725470tp75466.

[3] John Lewis Graddis, “Was the Truman Doctrine a Real Turning Point?,” Council on Foreign Relations 52, no. 2 (2022): 18.

[4] “From the Truman Doctrine to the Second Superpower Detente: The Rise and Fall of the Cold War – Michael Cox, 1990,” accessed March 15, 2022, https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0022343390027001004.

[5] “The Truman Doctrine: Containing Communism and Modernity – MERRILL – 2006 – Presidential Studies Quarterly – Wiley Online Library,” accessed March 15, 2022, https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1741-5705.2006.00284.x.

[6] Kernell, “The Truman Doctrine Speech: A Case Study of the Dynamics of Presidential Opinion Leadership.”

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