Analysis Of “Fahrenheit 451” By Bradbury Writing Sample

The relationship between Faber and Montag in the novel Fahrenheit 451 by Ray Bradbury has a special role for this work. It should be noted that these relationships are mentoring in nature, because Faber is one of the mentors of Montag. Moreover, Faber exerts a certain influence on Montag, encouraging him to lead the life of an intellectual person. The role of these characters and their relationships are especially important for the third part of the book, as they develop a plan to stop the destruction of the books. As their plan comes to fruition, Faber also gives some important advice to Montag. In this vein, the central idea is the personal growth of Montag in the novel and his development as an intellectual individual.

One of the most important life lessons that Faber gives to Montag is that it is not the books that are important; it is what they say. Faber states; “It’s not the books you need, it’s some of the things that once were in books” (Bradbury, 1953). To convey this basic idea not only to Montag, but also to readers, Bradbury resorts to such a literary element as symbolism. Fire, which plays a central role in the novel, represents destruction. However, in the third part of the book, Faber himself becomes a symbol. Faber and his philosophy symbolize freedom of thought, because this character is opposed to the established regime. Among other things, Faber is an intellectual, but the freedom of his thoughts is significantly limited. In this vein, the Faber portrait contains the fate of all people whose activities are limited due to certain circumstances. Montag, who does not possess the same outstanding intellectual abilities, also desires to find freedom from the regime. Both of these characters strive for a so-called full life, where their every action is not controlled by the state, and books are not destroyed.

Reference

Bradbury, R. (1953). Fahrenheit 451: A Novel. Simon and Schuster.

Oncology: Caregiving Burden, Stress, And Health Effects

The illness selected for this paper is cancer, which is a serious disease that sometimes can also be chronic. Caring for cancer patients is more difficult than giving care to older adults (Bevans & Sternberg, 2012). The care needed for cancer patients includes assisting with daily living activities, preparing meals, administering medications, managing finances, providing transportation, giving emotional support, and advocating for health care (Bevans & Sternberg, 2012). Performing all these activities is labor-intensive and may take a great part of the caregiver’s time. As a consequence, the burden of care affects many aspects of caregivers’ life, including biological, economic, psychological, and social ones (Fu et al., 2017). For example, the high cost of cancer treatment results in an economic burden for caregivers. The fact that care may take up to 40 hours per week means that caregivers have difficulty remaining in employment (Bevans & Sternberg, 2012). Finally, caregivers feel much distress during most phases of illness, including prediagnosis, diagnosis, treatment, recurrence, and end-of-life stages (Northhouse et al., 2012). Thus, caring for cancer patients negatively affects many aspects of caregivers’ well-being.

There are several illness-related factors that may contribute to the cancer caregiver burden. First of all, disease complexity requires caregivers to devote much of their time to caring for the ill person and entails high economic costs. Moreover, the patient’s exposure to unfamiliar treatments causes distress for both the patient and the caregiver. Caregivers worry whether their care receivers will be able to tolerate the treatment, whether the treatment will be effective, and whether the side effects will be manageable (Northhouse et al., 2012). The potential outcomes of the illness are another factor contributing to caregiver burden. According to Northhouse et al. (2012), cancer caregivers experience uncertainty and hopelessness, which are greater in those caring for recurrent cancer patients than newly diagnosed. Caregivers caring for patients with advanced cancer often have depressive symptoms equal to or exceeding the threshold for clinical depression (Northhouse et al., 2012). Thus, the complexity of the illness and uncertain or fatal outcomes aggravate the cancer caregiver burden.

Medical social workers can implement a range of interventions to relieve the caregivers’ burden. First, caregivers should be recommended to maintain healthy lifestyles because they often neglect their own health when caring for their ill relatives (Given et al., 2011). Second, caregivers should be provided with assistance regarding how to communicate with their care receivers. It is not correct to think that having close relationships with the patients means that caregivers will automatically know how to support them (Northhouse et al., 2012). Therefore, caregivers should be provided with education sessions to receive information about cancer management and useful communication strategies (Given et al., 2011). Evidence shows that interventions focused on communication and education improved caregivers’ quality of life (Fu et al., 2017). Finally, caregivers’ psychological needs should be met. Caregivers should receive an evaluation, meaning that they should be able to talk openly about their concerns and problems and be listened to carefully, which reduces their stress (Fu et al., 2017). Therefore, medical social workers should pay attention to caregivers’ needs and give them an opportunity to express their worries.

Caregivers in New Jersey have access to a range of resources that can help them cope with their burden. For example, Hunterdon Healthcare (n.d.) offers many support groups and classes to caregivers, which helps address the psychological and social needs of caregivers. Hunterdon Healthcare (n.d.) also relieves caregiver burden by helping them maintain a healthy weight, address sleep disorders, and manage nutrition. Caregivers of New Jersey (n.d.) address caregiver burden by facilitating information dissemination, providing social support to caregivers, raising awareness, and advocating for caregivers. Finally, Rahway Regional Cancer Center (n.d.) allows cancer caregivers to schedule an appointment with professionals who help them cope with the feelings of being overwhelmed, depressed, or confused. Other resources include the American Cancer Society, AARP, and Cancer Support Community, which help caregivers with transportation, managing finances, and emotional support. Medical social workers can refer caregivers to these resources to help them alleviate their burden.

References

Bevans, M., & Sternberg, E. M. (2012). Caregiving burden, stress, and health effects among family caregivers of adult cancer patients. Journal of the American Medical Association, 307(4), 398–403.

Caregivers of New Jersey. (n.d.). About us. Web.

Fu, F., Zhao, H., Tong, F., & Chi, I. (2017). A systematic review of psychosocial interventions to cancer caregivers. Frontiers in Psychology, 8(834), 1-12.

Given, B. A., Sherwood, P., & Given, C. W. (2011). Support for caregivers of cancer patients: Transition after active treatment. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention, 20(10), 2015–2021.

Hunterdon Healthcare. (n.d.). Resources for caregivers. Web.

Northhouse, L. L., Katapodi, M. C., Schafenacker, A. M., & Weiss, D. (2012). The impact of caregiving on the psychological well-being of family caregivers and cancer patients. Seminars in Oncology Nursing, 28(4), 236–245.

Rahway Regional Cancer Center. (n.d.). Resources for caregivers. Web.

Wiki Entry: Ethics And Social Media

Introduction

The global community is becoming more connected and integrated than ever before. Modern technologies and handheld devices are revolutionizing the way individuals exchange their ideas and concepts. The nature of these emerging tools of communication is affecting the true foundation of ethical and moral principles. Some of the concepts that define human interactions are being challenged, such as utilitarianism, virtue ethics, and deontology. Human beings need to consider these ethical principles and learn how they can apply them when using social media networks.

Applying Ethics in Social Media

Human beings live in societies governed by social contracts and ethical values. Such rules dictate the way people communicate with each other, share ideas, and solve their common problems. Communities find practical measures to punish those who do wrong (Abbas et al. 1685). With the average social media user spending over 5 years of his or her lifetime on various platforms (see Fig 1), the global community should be aware of these etiquette and ethical rules and follow them accordingly.

Social media time for the average user
Fig 1. Social media time for the average user

Moral and ethical principles dictate what ought to be wrong, right, acceptable, ad bad. Users of social media need to be aware of such attributes and leverage such resources in a proper manner. By focusing on the ethical behaviors and codes of conduct in their respective societies, such individuals will be required to replicate their actions and thoughts when engaging others (Baier 3). Those who take these issues seriously will promote trust, honesty, conduct, and ethics (see Fig. 1).

Pillars of social media ethics
Fig 1. Pillars of social media ethics

Individuals who pursue such attributes seriously will communicate and send messages in an honest manner. They will show the highest level of respect and be willing to learn from each other. Etiquette encourages individuals to showcase their identities and avoid any form of deceit (Abbas et al. 1688). They will remain truthful and transparent. People who consider these principles will find it possible to utilize social media more effectively and realize their group or personal goals.

Key Benefits

Applying utilitarianism means does what could maximize happiness for other online users. These individuals will not harm or interfere with the affairs of others. They will not assault, abuse, or use vulgar language against others. Deontological ethics goes further to encourage people to follow a maxim or do good in such a way that it could become a universal law (Baier 5). The same message emerges from virtue ethics since it focuses on promoting good character. These gains mean that cyber-bullying, identity theft, and stalking will become things of the past (see Fig. 2).

Ethical challenges arising from social media
Fig 2. Ethical challenges arising from social media

The consideration of these principles means that all users will utilize social media in a manner that is beneficial. All users will find new ways to benefit from their friends and other unknown social friends (Abbas et al. 1691). Those who find themselves in such a community will share ideas with others and eventually trigger mutual benefits. Consequently, more people will be willing to follow such ethical principles, help each other, ad focus on the best outcomes and experiences. These attributes mean that more people will communicate and exchange ideas or information in accordance with the social exchange theory (Baier 7). They will also find it easier to pursue their educational, social, marketing, or business objectives more efficiently.

Conclusion

Users of social media intend to pass their messages across depending on their respective goals. The above analysis explains why there is a need for people to apply the outlined ethical principles and ideas. Those who embrace this message will become trustable and attractive to their online friends or business colleagues. In conclusion, they will connect with others much faster and eventually benefit from long-term partnerships with other users.

Works Cited

Abbas, Jaffar, et al. “The Impact of Social Media on Learning Behavior for Sustainable Education: Evidence of Students from Selected Universities in Pakistan.” Sustainability, vol. 11, no. 6, 2019, pp. 1683-1705.

Baier, Allison. “The Ethical Implications of Social Media: Issues and Recommendations for Clinical Practice.” Ethics & Behavior, vol. 29, no. 11, 2018, pp. 1-11.

Gomez, Stephanie. “Social Media Distractions.” Dental Post, 2017, Web.

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