Analysis Of Story “Rape Fantasies” By Margaret Atwood Essay Sample For College

Rape Fantasies The author of the short story Rape Fantasies is Margaret Atwood-She is a renowned Canadian writer of poetry and fiction, she is best known for her novel The Handmaids Tail. The short story that I chose Rape Fantasies comes from Atwood’s first collection of short stories called Dancing girls and Other Stories.

“Remember no one can make you feel inferior without your consent”Eleanor RooseveltThe story Rape Fantasies is about a bunch of females who are sitting around the lunch room during their lunch hour talking about fantasies that they consider to be called “Rape Fantasies”. The story came about because society has made rape a big issue and is being viewed everywhere, like the movies, radio, T.V., and magazines. in this story the narrator that is called Estelle in the story claims that the ideas that the other women in at their table are considering rape fantasies isn’t rape at all, but a fantasy that they have about having sex with a complete stranger. She continues to prove them wrong and decides to tell them her stories, rape fantasies that she has had.

The basis of the story is rape. Rape, as defined in the Gale Encyclopedia of Psychology, is an act of power and dominance; although 15% to40% of American women are victims of rape or attempted rape, there is also the chance that a man is assaulted also. It is said that women are more than likely going to get raped by someone they know. More than half of the nation’s rape assaults have been placed in the victim’s home. Many rape assaults are continued or completed because the victim didn’t use verbal or physical force as resistance. For more than 3 decades and now till this day, feminist organizations have been fighting successfully to change the publics’ attitude toward rape as well as how society treats rape victims.

The themes of this story are the quotes that are displayed through the paper and the definition of rape, why it’s taking lightly and how is the issue getting solved.

The story brings out the inner feeling of the characters on how they feel about the subject of rape and how they look at it.

The reader is placed in an office lunchroom with a group of adult women, playing bridge, reading magazines and talking about each other. One of the women named Chrissy, whose reading a magazine comes across an article about rape and it becomes the discussion for the week.

In the story the women reveal to the readers more about themselves than the narrator, Estelle, tells us.

We begin with Greta, a blonde with an attitude. She wants all of her peers to admire her. She believes that she is one of the best people at their job. Her fantasy begins in a place where most rape assaults happen, in the victim’s home. Out of reality and back to fantasy she sees a man dressed as a burglar climb onto her balcony on the 18th floor, coming into her apartment and stealing her body. Like most rape cases she did use force of resistance so she allowed him to finish the act of trying to overpower someone. This gives me the assumption that rape to her takes place in a comfortable environment. Were you’re helpless and feel that there is no importance to resisting. The thing that sticks out about rape to her is how the person gets to you. In the story she gave more details about that than the rape its self.

In this case her rapist was swinging from balcony to balcony raping the females in her building.

Then you have the other overly confident blonde. Her name is Chrissy. Through the story you will find that most people go by the facts of places were rape occurs because just like Greta, Chrissie’s rape fantasy takes place in her home. Chrissy starts of in a particular room in the house , a room that you would think a person would have to really be looking for you to rape in order to go their , the bathroom. In her fantasy she sees herself getting raped in the bathtub. Not knowing how the person got into the house she didn’t scream for help. She believes that there was no way for her to avoid the problem. That’s why she cooperates with her rapist. Chrissy believes that where the rape takes place is important and that being a non-resistant victim is the best way not to get hurt. I don’t think that Chrissy realizes that being raped you are getting hurt. When analyzing these two characters you don’t have to think hard about their outlook on rape. Like some people would say, they claim it’s just a fantasy, but they probably would do that in a crisis. I feel that the two characters Greta and Chrissy are full of it. No one is going to be that willing to get raped and if it’s so than it’s not really rape. Chrissy was silent as her rapist assaulted her. I believe that if she was really getting raped in her bathroom she would have made a noise whether she screamed for help or for the rapist to stop. Greta watched her rapist enter and leave the apartment without protest. Greta had time enough after getting raped to hold a conversation with him.

I believe that most people find it hard to believe that they are being raped so they make good out of the situation. They say thing like “I was quirt because he told that it wouldn’t be that bad if I keep my mouth shut”, or “Afterward he explained to me why he does it, I understand now and I don’t blame him”. Last one “he was nice to me after he finished”.

Estelle, the narrator of the story, shares her fantasies with the girls. She believes that Greta and Chrisy’s idea of a rape fantasy is just a vivid, wet dream about having sex, a “one night stand” with a complete stranger and never seeing them again.

“You can do one of two things, just shut up; which is something I don’t find easy to do or learn on awful lot very fast, which is what I tried to do.”-untitledEstelle’s stories were altogether different. All of her fantasies had happy endings and not once did she ever get raped. All of her stories had an unexpected turn. Her first fantasy like most of her fantasies start in a dark street at night.

In her first fantasy she uses a weird since of self defense. When she realized the preps motives she reaches in her bag to get the plastic lemon -something just like mace- realizing that she cant find it she asked the prep to hold her bag while she looks for it. She finds it and then sprays him with the plastic lemon.

Her next story begins the same way as the first. This time she describes the rapist. She makes you believe that all rapists are lonely depressed guys who feel that their last resort in getting “some” is to rape a female. So being the kind hearted victim that she is she advised him that he got a makeover he wouldn’t have to go around raping everyone. All of Estelle’s stories end with her helping out the rapist or getting out of being raped. To me that is what a rape fantasy should be. It starts off as a unpleasant scenario but plays out to be a good ending. Fantasies are desires and wants no one wants to be raped and in a fantasy. In a rape fantasy the out come is that you don’t get raped.

I liked the story because it made you think about whether you believe in what a fantasy is and whether a fantasy like rape fantasies can have bad endings. I related more to Estelle in the story because I am an optimist and I believe that you shouldn’t dwell on the bad the bad things of a situation.

Humanism During The Renaissance

During the Renaissance, there was a renewed interest in the arts and a questioning of traditional societal views. People began to explore the power of the human mind, often referred to as humanism. Humanism emphasizes the individual’s creative, reasoning, and aesthetic abilities. However, opinions about humanism varied during this time period. Renaissance writers and philosophers expressed their beliefs about human nature and humanity’s role in the universe through their writings.

Pico della Mirandola celebrated humanity and praised our ability to reason in his “Oration on the dignity of man”. His viewpoint contrasts with Shakespeare’s Hamlet and Montaigne’s essay titled “Man’s presumption and Littleness”. Both Shakespeare and Montaigne suggest that humans are not superior to other creations of God in the universal order of things.

In his essay, Pico begins by asserting where humans stand in the divine order according to his understanding. He believes that humans were created last by God because he desired someone who would appreciate the wonders and beauty of his world. The Craftsman wanted someone who would ponder over his great work, leading to the creation of mankind (Mirandola 224). Pico argues that at their creation, humans possess both divine and earthly qualities. They have the ability to determine their own nature and shape themselves according to their preferences.Pico argues that humans possess a wide range of celestial status within the divine hierarchy, from nearly celestial beings to those no better than animals. This vast diversity in human nature only serves to highlight their unique and significant position among all other creatures created by God. However, Montaigne and Shakespeare present more pessimistic views on human greatness and power, contrasting with Pico’s optimistic perspective.

Montaigne’s essay “Man’s presumption and Littleness” diminishes the greatness of man to the point where he is reduced to being just another animal among animals, possibly even beneath some of God’s other creatures. Montaigne finds it unimaginable why man considers himself so grand: Is it possible to conceive anything as absurd as this pitiable and insignificant creature, who doesn’t even control himself, claiming to be the master and ruler of the universe, of which he can neither comprehend nor control even its smallest part? (Montaigne 1808) Through this statement, Montaigne not only expresses his disbelief in man’s greatness, but also his uncertainty in man’s ability to grasp any understanding of the world around him.

Montaigne extensively discusses the flaws and inadequacies of human beings, contrasting Pico’s efforts to emphasize the greatness of mankind. Montaigne similarly highlights man’s insignificance by asserting that “Presumption is our natural and original malady.” (Montaigne 1810) When discussing animals and humans, he argues that our inability to communicate with them is just as much our fault as it is theirs. We do not comprehend them any better than they comprehend us. Consequently, they may regard us as beasts, just as we regard them, indicating the equality between us. (Montaigne 1811) In his writing, Montaigne not only implies our resemblance to other creatures but also suggests their superiority over us.

According to Montaigne’s essay, animals have a clear advantage over humans because Nature supports and guides them, while leaving us to rely on chance and fortune. This lack of innate resourcefulness in humans allows the animals’ brute stupidity to surpass even our divine intelligence. Montaigne concludes his essay by reflecting on the divine order and contemplating humanity’s role within it. (Montaigne 1813)

Montaigne (1817) argues that humans have a distinct capacity to imagine and think independently, enabling them to differentiate between reality and fiction and understand their own desires. Nevertheless, this freedom has its drawbacks as it is responsible for various afflictions experienced by humanity, including sin, illness, indecisiveness, confusion, and despair. Montaigne proposes that instead of being beneficial, these abilities of imagination and reasoning actually impede human existence by giving rise to these specific problems.

Like Montaigne, Shakespeare expresses doubt about the greatness of humanity. In his play Hamlet, the tragic hero ponders the purpose of humanity in the universe and suggests that we are simply part of an ongoing cycle where we are born and return to the earth, no different from any other creature. He describes the earth as nothing more than a repulsive and disgusting gathering of vapors. Shakespeare presents man as possessing admirable qualities with his statement “what a piece of work is man!” He acknowledges that man is noble in reason, possesses limitless abilities, behaves like an angel, and understands like a god. However, Hamlet concludes by saying “and yet, to me, what is this quintessence of dust? Man does not bring me joy.” Although it may seem that initially Hamlet praises human qualities, his final words indicate a different perspective. He questions the significance of these qualities and wonders why they should be considered great. To him, the world does not benefit from them. Hamlet further expresses his views on the cyclical nature of existence when he discusses how Alexander was buried and returned to dust. He contemplates whether human beings are truly important when they are part of the earth just like all other animals.Shakespeare uses Hamlet’s words to raise the same question as Montaigne: Are humans truly as significant as Pico and others asserted?

Both Montaigne and Shakespeare express the fragility of humans and highlight their minor position in nature. They contrast with writers like Pico, who celebrated humanity and praised its unique attributes. These thinkers may have been influenced by scientific advancements and newfound knowledge about the universe more than their contemporaries. The suggestion of a heliocentric model and questioning of the church’s authority allowed for further scientific exploration. If we were mistaken about our planet’s nature and our understanding of God, could we also be mistaken about our significance in the universe? If the sun is at the center, if the pope’s importance decreases, do we truly understand our own significance? It is possible that we overestimate ourselves. While it may be difficult to comprehend why Montaigne and Shakespeare devalued humanity, it is easier to understand why Pico felt compelled to prove mankind’s exceptional qualities. Everyone desires to feel special and view their role in the universe as significant. During the Renaissance, there was a strong belief in human nature’s virtues and humans’ important place within the divine hierarchy of the universe. The discoveries made during that time seemed to confirm the power of human thinking and reasoning.Consequently, there are philosophers who argue that our ability to reason can elevate us to a higher state of divine being. However, as an atheist in the 1990s, I personally question this perspective. I acknowledge the uniqueness of humans and their capacity for reasoning but remain skeptical about these qualities placing us higher in the universe’s order or granting us greater divine knowledge. In practical terms, we utilize logic, reasoning, and determination to achieve progress in life: acquiring a better job, a nicer home, more leisure time, and an improved quality of life. While logic and reasoning are valuable for personal growth and enhancing our lives, I believe they rarely lead us to a higher or divine state.

I believe that humankind is not superior or inferior to any other kind. If I were to describe human kind, I would say that it simply exists without a specific purpose or significance. Are we connected to the Earth? Yes, we are. Are we presumptuous? Not all of us, although some individuals might be. It wouldn’t be fair to make such a broad statement. Humans are born and die while the world continues its course. I agree with certain ideas expressed by the aforementioned authors – like Shakespeare in Hamlet, I believe in the cycle of life on Earth where people perish and become the means for others’ survival. In alignment with Montaigne’s essay, I also believe that animals are somewhat superior to humans and they may even perceive us as beasts. Lastly, similar to Pico, I believe that human beings have the freedom to choose their life path whether they make significant contributions or waste their years.

Pico della Mirandola, Shakespeare, and Montaigne held strong beliefs about human nature and our role in the universe. Pico advocated for the greatness of humanity, while Shakespeare and Montaigne argued for our insignificance in the bigger picture. Today, many people still struggle with the question that sparked controversy during the Renaissance: “where do we belong in the universe?” Although opinions may vary, it is an important question to contemplate, utilizing the rational and logical abilities that were highly prized during that era.

Works Cited

Mirandola, Pico della. “Oration on the Dignity of Man.” The Renaissance Philosophy of Man. Ed. Cassirer, Kristeller, & Randall. 1948. 223-35

Montaigne, Michel de. “Man’s Presumption and Littleness.” The Norton Anthology of World Masterpieces. Ed. Maynard Mack. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1992. 1808-16

Shakespeare, William. “Hamlet.” The Norton Anthology of World Masterpieces. Ed. Maynard Mack. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1992. 2046-97

Delaware: The First State And The Diamond State

DelawareDelaware is a really cool state. I say that because there is not a whole-lot of crime there and for country folks its great because there is a lot of cows and pigs, but there are also a lot of cars there too.

It was some rivers and creeks land definition and tons of history, but there isnt very many people there compared to California. Delaware has gained 2 nicknames over the years, The First State and The Diamond State. It got the nickname The First State because it was the first state to ratify the constitution. It got the nickname the Diamond State because they are the world leaders in diamond mining. Delaware was some really neat geography because they have swamps, rivers, lakes, but they really dont really have a lot mountains. They have the biggest natural cypress swamp in the world and Pocomoke Swamp the northern most swamp in the United States.

They have a couple rivers the Christina and Brandywine Creek. As for lakes the have Chesapeake Bay and Delaware Bay. Delaware has a lot of economic activity. More than 80% of Delawares farm income is from the production of broiler chickens and a variety of other things including soybeans, greenhouse products and corn. Milk is also produced considering that Delaware was more cows than they know what to do with.

Fishing is declining but crabs, shad, cod, oysters and clams are caught. Delaware has many useful industries. Delaware industries major in food processing, primary metals, machinery, leather goods, fabricated metals, printing and publishing. They also make a whole- lot of textiles like linoleum. They also make a lot of chemicals and cars.

They are one of the most popular car states in the United States. Delawares climate is on the cold side with the average temperature in January is 32 and 72 in July. Delaware is also on the storm track of the Gulf of Mexico. Delawares average rainfall is about 44 inches. Delaware has common natural resources. Kaolin is the most significant natural resource followed by granite, gravel, and clay (used to make brick and tiles).

Hydroelectric power hasnt been developed yet. The Coastal Zone act was passed in 1971. Communications in Delaware are simple. Delaware has 2 daily newspaper and several weeklies.

Public Television is very popular in Delaware. Of course they also have phones and faxes and stuff like that. As a megalopolitain state, Delaware is heavily populated. Most of Delawares residents are classified as Urban.

Delawares 12% growth rate (1980-1990) was slightly above the United States average. In 1990 the population was about 80% white and 17% black. The major religious groups are the Methodists, Presbyterians, Roman Catholics, and Episcopalians. Education in Delaware was established mostly through the efforts of Willard Hall in 1829, but funding and teaching were uneven and the blacks were excluded.

In 1978 court- ordered busing was expected to mix all white suburban schools with Wilmington, which was 85% black. Cultural Institutions in Delaware are primarily museums and located in the north and are the legacy of wealthy hobbyists. Other cultural centers include the Delaware museum of art, Delaware museum of natural history and a state history museum, which are all in the Capitol, Dover. Historical sites and Recreation of Delaware are far and few but really cool. One of the sites is New Castle, with a historic district containing many 17th and 18th century buildings. Old Swedes church in Wilmington.

Fort Delaware (Completed in 1860) on pea patch island. Dickinson House (built in 1740) near Dover, and State House (Built in 1792) in Dover. Rehoboth Beach is a well-known resort. Facts about Delaware- Land- Area 2498 square miles-Rank 49th Capital-Dover Population 27,630 People- Population 666,168 Rank 46th Education-Public Enrollment Elementary 72,606 Secondary 27,052 Higher 34,252 State Symbols- Statehood December 7th; the First State, The Diamond State, Bird Blue Hen, Flower Peach Blossom, Tree American Holly, Motto Liberty and Independence, Song Our Delaware

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