Analysis Of Therapeutic Self Free Writing Sample

I was born and raised in Ethiopia, which is in East Africa. My cultural background has played a major role in whom I have become today. I would consider myself as a low-key person with a reserved emotional character. In my culture, adjusting and conforming to people is considered desirable than influencing them. For this purpose, a serious tone with low emotional demeanor is preferable when compared to being energetic and/or enthusiastic. Having a reserved or quiet personality tends to be valued more than being expressive, open or outgoing. My professors and classmates have suggested that I speak louder so that clients are able to listen to me, especially if I plan to work in Geriatrics in the future. Not Long Ago I had to take an occupational profile from a client who was wearing a hearing aid and the client was not able to hear me even though I was trying to speak loudly. I ended up writing down my questions on a piece of paper for her to read. She might not have been able to hear me even if I shouted because of her hearing problem but it made me realize this will be an everyday occurrence depending on the setting I ended up working in.

One thing all my friends including myself will agree upon is the fact that I am a good listener. I also give good feedback and try not to judge and push my own principles on people. I learned that sometimes when we reflect and give advice, we tend to push our own agendas and beliefs on to the other person and that will have its own consequences. Most of the time People feel free and open towards me to share their troubles and worries. A lot of people I have come across on a personal or professional level also find me to be genuine and respectful. As much as I can, I try to be helpful and understanding of their point of view without passing judgment and being phony. Even though being a good listener is a good quality, sometimes I have to remind myself to be careful in the professional world not to cross some boundaries. Six years ago, I used to work as an interpreter, even though it wasn’t allowed to bond with the clients outside of working hours or environment, one client kept on sharing his worries about his son’s condition with me. I did not know how to say, “No Sir, you and I cannot have this conversation outside of work environment”.

So, it kept happening and after a month or so the client called me and asked if he can move in with me because he had a fight with his wife. I was dumbfounded and did not know how to answer him. That was a big lesson for me; I learned that even though it is great that people trust and open up to me, I also need to set some boundaries when it comes to the professional world. I am an abstract thinker. I try to look at and understand things from various perspectives. I feel like I became more understanding of people’s different outlooks and ideas as I grow older. The fact that I have lived in two different continents has helped me be an analytical person who is understanding of different beliefs and ideals that are different from mine. Being able to see things from different perspectives has also helped me develop smooth and conflict-free professional and personal relationships. I am not a confident person and even when I pretend to be one, people can usually tell I am not a confident person. I have been questioned in many instances in the past, by people who are close to me, “why are you not confident in your abilities even though you have; the smarts? what it takes? and etc.….”. One of the things I am not confident about is my accent when I speak in English. I did my fieldwork during my junior year at Booker T Washington Center.

The children there would snicker and laugh at my accent openly and I remember one day one of the Kids asked me where I am from and when I told him I am from Africa, he then started to speak with a different accent and wrong grammar, while beating his chest like a gorilla. That day, I said to myself, these children barely listen to what I say because of my different accent, and now this kid is talking to me like I do not know how to speak the English language. I already have doubts about my abilities to communicate well with clients and this incident confirmed my fear that my communication skills are not good enough. When I started to believe my own fear, I began to stutter and lose my words after that incident, especially when I am stressed. Confidence is something that I must work on because I know it starts from within. I tend to avoid confrontation if I can help it. When I am thinking about confronting someone; my heart rate increase, my hands shake, my whole-body shivers and I cannot focus on my occupation or whatever it is I am supposed to be doing at that moment. If I must confront anyone, I prefer it to be with someone, whom I believe can handle differences well and not take things personally. I understand that sometimes I should be able to confront someone, to ensure the safety of a client, even if they might not be able to take it well or positively. I used to work for a nongovernmental organization (NGO) back in Ethiopia which distributed antiretroviral medication to patients and followed their progress. Some days I would find myself crying with the patients because they do not have the money or resources to buy enough food to withstand the side effects of the medication.

That emotion of pain and sadness would linger with me for days. One incident that stuck with me is when I had to do a house visit to a patient’s house who was enrolled for care in the NGO. The patient invited us to her house because she was grateful for what the NGO has done for her so far. My colleague and I went to her house which was a one-room house built from mud and there were cooking items and a mattress in the room. The patient’s husband left her by herself to raise three children when she told him she tested positive for HIV. The week before our visit her eldest child lost her one eye because a kid from the neighborhood accidentally injured her eye when he threw a rock at her while playing. Her youngest child has contracted HIV during delivery because the mother wasn’t receiving antenatal care during her pregnancy. Here was this lady going through all these misfortunes and still found a place in her heart to see hope and be grateful. I cried like a baby that day the whole day and I still tear up when I think about it to this day. I did not know how to feel, I was so moved by the anguish in her eyes. At the same time, I was amazed by her resolve and strength which was apparent in a way she was taking care of her children and herself. As I gained experience as a professional, I realized that I cannot be crying and reacting to patients’ hardships or emotions because it wouldn’t help them in any way. I understood I am there as a professional to lend an ear or find an answer whenever possible. As I grow older, I learned to contain my emotion and started focusing on finding a solution when possible to help tackle the cause of the negative emotion. I am not usually a funny or amusing person, but I use humor with my family and friends from time to time. I also use humor sometimes to help defuse a tense situation. If I see two people having a heated discourse and if it seems the argument is escalating, I would interfere and try to use humor to make light of the situation.

Qualities such as; confidence, knowing how to confront people in a positive manner and having a high arousal level energy come in handy when assuming the role of a leader. I struggle with being confident and confrontational: that is why it is difficult for me to take the role of a leader. I usually take the role of a follower. I work well under the guidance of a leader with a facilitative leadership style. I had to take the role of a leader when I was working in Ethiopia and was successful at it even though it took a while for me to get comfortable with the position. There were times that I had to confront colleagues who worked under me and ended up firing them because they weren’t performing as expected and weren’t improving despite verbal and written warnings. Even to this day, I find myself wondering if my decision was right in firing them from their job and if there was anything, I could have done for them to help them keep their job. I rely heavily on nonverbal communication to know what people are thinking. I find nonverbal communication usually reliable than verbal communication because most people, including me, cannot usually control our body language when we are feeling a certain type of way. Sometimes when I tell jokes in English my friends at Gannon University think it is sarcasm or an insult because I use the same tone that I use when I tell jokes in Amharic, my native language.

I must remind myself to watch my tone and be aware of peoples’ culture when I communicate. I like it when things go according to plan but I do not have the need to control every little detail and how it should be done. I do not work well in a chaotic environment, but I have learned how to adjust and work around it. During group projects, I like to prepare ahead of time and have a plan on how the project should be done. But other people have their own way of doing things and schedules so sometimes nothing will be done till the last minute and the group project will still end up being the best. After going through these kinds of group projects and assignments for more than a year now I have learned to let go and work in a chaotic environment. I still prefer to know when things can be done and how ahead of time, but I have also learned that is not the reality, things cannot and will not always go as planned. I do not feel comfortable asking strangers and my friends’ personal questions, but I am comfortable probing into the personal lives of my family and close friends. I do not believe it is either professional or ethical to probe into things that do not concern me except in situations where probing might benefit the other person. Sometimes people will not openly tell you things verbally, but you can read their body language and assume things are not what they appear to be on the surface. In those situations, I usually probe unless they tell me to back off. Most of the time my assumption will be right, and they end up feeling better after they talk about it.

In my culture it is normal; to hug and touch people even those you are not close to when you are talking to them, and to hold hands with your same-sex friend when you are walking down the street. I am the same way, I used to unconsciously hug my friends here at Gannon University. I have gotten better at not doing that because I know it makes them uncomfortable. I know I invade people’s space sometimes when I talk standing close to them, and that is how we naturally communicate in Ethiopia. I have realized that is not the norm here and I must take precautions not to do that especially in a professional environment. Living in the USA for almost nine years has changed me a lot too, I went for a visit to Ethiopia in 2018, and I felt uneasy when people spoke to me while standing or sitting at close range. I use short sentences and simple words to communicate in English. When I try to use long sentences, I think it is hard for people here to understand me. Using short sentences is not ideal sometimes because it is difficult to get the point across just using few words. I found out my vocabulary is limited in English when I joined Gannon to study Occupational Therapy (OT). I was taught in English starting from high school and during my undergraduate study. I have worked in Ethiopia and in the USA and the working language was English. From my experience so far, the field of OT uses more vocabulary than any other field I have worked in before. During my 40 hours of volunteering, I did not realize culture and societal norm played a huge role in OT. When professors mention a name of a game or puzzle as a form of intervention in class, or when my classmates mention games from their childhood as an activity to do in a group project: most of the time I find myself asking or googling to find out what it is and how the game is played. I did not know most of the childhood games or puzzles my classmates were mentioning because I did not grow up playing those games.

I realize if I want to become a good OT I need to assimilate into the American culture. Lack of confidence, being passive, having a limited vocabulary, my accent and low emotional arousal level are my weakest qualities. If I am not confident and assertive and look like I don’t know what I am talking about, how can I expect a client to trust me and perform what I tell them to do? If I am talking in such a low voice in a dull manner how can I expect to motivate a bedridden client to perform activities or occupations which are physically and mentally tasking to them? It would be hard to build a therapeutic relationship if clients cannot understand what I am saying due to my accent or for not using the proper vocabulary or grammar when communicating with them. The first thing I would like to improve is my English fluency and accent. My lack of confidence mostly comes from my inability to communicate well with my professors and classmates and I have this gnawing feeling I will have the same difficulty during my fieldwork. I have already told my Ethiopian friends not to talk to me in Amharic for a while in order to improve my English flow and accent. The problem with going back and forth between two languages is that you tend to think with the language you commonly use. When I speak English, in my mind I am thinking in Amharic, and then I translate it into English which kind of takes a while. Sometimes when I speak faster and continuously, it might not come out the way I wanted it to because you think differently in the two languages. I plan on speaking slowly so that people can understand me better. I also plan on recording myself and reading out loud when I am studying to improve my accent. I will also like to work on my confidence which I think should start with recognizing my self-worth and realizing I have what it takes to help clients and earn their trust. I asked a psychiatrist who is also a friend of mine how I can work on developing self-worth and confidence.

He told me it begins with faking it and then working hard till you make it. What he suggested made sense to me; if I study hard, improve my accent and develop good clinical reasoning skills, then I will be able to build my self-confidence up and be able to establish a good therapeutic relationship with the client. I would say having empathy, being a good listener, my cognitive style and ability to read and understand people’s body language are my strong qualities. All these are important to build a good therapeutic relationship with a client. My ability to interpret body language will help me analyze the kind of mood my client is in before and during therapy, and that will aid me in adjusting my approach towards the client accordingly. If a client feels like a therapist identifies with her or his situation, motives, and feelings then it would be easy to establish a good personal connection with the client and lay a foundation for a therapeutic relationship. I have a long way to go before I become a competent OT. The environment at Gannon provides me with the right challenge to face my fears and insecurities at the same time build my positive traits so that I become one amazing OT.

Conceptual Understanding And Self-Analysis

Introduction

Now at the end of it all, the quarter coming to a close, I’m a little sad that the topics we’ve touched on in these past few weeks are over so quickly. Things certianly got deeper and more serious as we stepped into issues that we continue to face even today, with new added grievances and attrocities being added to the lineup of human injustice, gender and sex inequality, war, and the ever-present strive for peace. I personally enjoyed reading what my classmates had to say about these very important topics and, in the future, hope that I can continue to learn from those outside of my circle, further expanding my perspective and understanding of it all from a global point of view. Moreover, I intend on carrying what I have personally learned and discovered within myself and my own opinions, taking these experiences with me as I continue to study the world in my journey through linguistic anthropology.

Important Definitions

Pathogen: “A disease-causing organism, such as a bacteria, virus, parasite, or fungus” (Campbell, MacKinnon & Stevens, p. 188).

Cisgender: “Of, relating to, or being a person whose gender identity corresponds with the sex the person had or was identified as having at birth” (Merriam-Webster).

Convergence: “Describes the blurring of boundaries between, or the coming together of, media, information technology, and telecommunications sectors” (Campbell, MacKinnon & Stevens, p. 253).

Information Literacy: “The ability to define an information need and to effectively and efficiently find, evaluate, and use information ethically and responsibly” (Campbell, MacKinnon & Stevens, p. 257).

To what extent is disease a socially produced condition caused by human beings through our dynamic interactions with each other, the ecosystems we live and work in, and our local and global economic activity?

While, of course, disease as a general concept is not specifically manmade, human influence is still greatly involved in not only the spread and success of diseases but also in the evolution of diseases we previously thought to have been destroyed. At the heart of the issue is vast colonialism, globalization, and the constant interaction of one group with another, often spreading and unknowingly trading diseases. Meanwhile industrialization brought cramped quarters, often poor and otherwise unsuspecting humans in close proximity to breeding grounds for disease, and the immediate spread of illness from one home to the next in rapid fire. These urbanized areas “proved to be major breeding grounds for pathogens [and] made epidemics and pandemics possible” (Keiffer-Lewis, 2019). “Warfare also created new paths along which infection could travel” (Campbell, MacKinnon & Stevens, p. 194) further exasperating the issue at hand, ultimately putting stressors on safety, food supply, and the ability to grapple with whatever new or drastic health issues were thrown their way. This continues to be an issue as “human population continues to grow at an astounding, exponential rate, doubling in the last half century to more than six billion people” (Campbell, MacKinnon & Stevens, p. 201) and each person requiring their own base amount of resources, each moving about and further interacting with others on a more immediately global scale. The demand combined with pollution now added to the aforementioned issues has created “conditions for infectious diseases to thrive and spread” (Campbell, MacKinnon & Stevens, p. 201).

What are some of the major challenges in the global fight against infectious disease?

The number one primary reason, I feel, is that unfortunately disease, or rather the pathogens to blame for disease, continue to adapt and evolve, refusing to be eradicated for good. We, as human beings, don’t help our cause much either as we continue to abuse products—such as “[f]actory farming has also led to increased use of antibiotics, which contributes to greater microbial resistance to these drugs” (Campbell, MacKinnon & Stevens, p. 203)—and drugs that when used in small increments can help combat potential illness but instead destroy any potential competition for pathogens that might have outnumbered otherwise resistant pathogens. With this continued cycle “it is likely only a matter of time before the virus evolves to allow for efficient and sustained human-to-human transmission” (Campbell, MacKinnon & Stevens, p. 201).

What is gender and how does it differ from sex?

By definition sex is “a biological distinction that is determined by anatomical characteristics and genetic material”(Campbell, MacKinnon & Stevens, p. 215) indicating a more scientific perspective to the topic versus gender which “refers to the socially learned behavior and expectations that distinguish between masculinity and femininity” (Campbell, MacKinnon & Stevens, p. 215). As such, gender is a social and cultural construct used to define notions of femininity, masculinity or (in some cases) genders that may fall in between or outside of the two. Gender continues to establish a person’s role within their society and what responsibilities, restrictions, or purpose they may be expected to fulfil. Within the Western world, gender and sex are treated as interchangeable, with those born to one sex being automatically assigned the corresponding gender, but other cultures think differently and, moreover, this approach is more demonstrative and oppressive than necessary given that the individual may not find their assigned gender to be true to their identity.

How do gender roles and other assumptions about gender impact policy creation and policy implementation?

In looking at much of the world, which is largely male-dominated, there is an obvious divide between who truly benefits from policies and who suffers with cisgender men all too frequently being awarded the most. It’s important to recognize this discrepancy to understand the role all other genders have within the global context. For example, in Our Century’s Greatest Injustice Sheryl Wu Dunn clearly showcased not only the importance of education to a girl’s sense of self and empowerment, but also in how it could just the same provide value to the family and community as a whole. Here she introduced girls and women who were afforded the same opportunities as men and, in their success, could turn around to provide not only for themselves and their families but help bring up their communities as well.

What are some of the ways that gender intersects with human rights concerns?

All too frequently cisgender women and transgender individuals are victims of gender-based assaults, attacked simply for who they are or how they choose to present themselves within societies that may otherwise be opposed to their presence or genderal sense of power. For example “[t]ransgender people in Malaysia face criminal prosecution […] and discrimination in accessing employment, health care, and education” (Human Rights Watch, 2014) which, despite efforts within communities to dehumanize and other them, directly infringes on the basic human rights presented as belonging to everyone. If we are to attack human rights issues as a whole it is vital to include everyone, not just cherry pick here and there according to archaic and arbitrary gender-based guidelines.

What kinds of information skills are needed to be personally, professionally, and academically successful in the Information Age?

With varieties of media and communication platforms being offered online and “mobile phones in particular [being] increasingly emblematic of convergence” (Campbell, MacKinnon & Stevens, p. 254) it is, above all else, important for people to be information literate (and confident) so that they can “learn new skills in order to retrieve and use information effectively and efficiently” (Campbell, MacKinnon & Stevens, p. 257). Technology continues to grow, adapt, and change—seemingly new products considered obsolete and outdated in the blink of an eye—so being able to keep up with these changes and continue to learn without error is paramount to the success during this Information Age.

What are some of the potentially positive and potentially negative consequences of the globalization of media?

On the one hand, there are a lot of opportunities to share, to grow, to learn and more importantly to support people who you otherwise would know nothing about with media providing a globalized platform. Globalization of media allows for issues and major points of interest, that otherwise would have remained unknown to so much of the world, to be brought forward and shared with a greater audience. Potentially even hitting the right audience that could inspire movements and change. It’s also hugely influential on our local economies and how we can use that to better not only ourselves but our communities. And, of course, on a more selfish note globalization allows for someone like me to be introduced to new ideas, cultures, and languages and to explore my interests and passions.

However, media globalization is often pushed according to the agenda of singular powers who operate with their own intentions in mind and with little to no care of what damages they cause on the world around them. There’s still a huge issue of ethnocentrism that hinders our global ability to participate in globalization from a purely positive and beneficial or supportive perspective and until this is solved globalization will continue to be negative issue. It further pushes one culture, ideas, or values as being supreme and can further oppress smaller or less supported cultures. It can also be used as a platform to bury racism, sexism, or other forms of generalized hatred and structured violence deep into the minds of societies that previously had no such opinions.

What factors cause or contribute to war?

The three primary forces behind war can be broken down into: resources, power, and civil unrest. Though history certainly paints power as being the number one cause of war, researchers have actually found that it is actually “competition over resources and the struggle for reproduction [that] are the root causes of conflict” (Campbell, MacKinnon & Stevens, p. 310). Which, of course, makes sense when considering the immediate need to survive and prosper, our ancestors certainly would have been willing to fight to keep themselves and their families or communities ahead of the curve in a historically unfair world. This continues even today as we see “resource conflicts (either in whole or in part), fought over access to things like water, land, food, oil, minerals, etc”(Campbell, MacKinnon & Stevens, p. 310) and it is only after resources, as a number two cause, that power comes into play. The third then being civil unrest, which is more frequently seen in poorer countries who cannot financially accommodate minorities in accordance with their needs or desires, as religions, political, or other groups rise up against majorities for injustices they feel they have endured.

Are we, as a species, genetically predisposed to engage in war?

While I personally don’t believe that we, as a species, are predisposed to war, science and continued studies outright tramples my hopes and dreams and instead “indicates that humans have an innate, evolution-shaped potential for violence and aggression” (Campbell, MacKinnon & Stevens, p. 309). Of course, “these behaviors are best viewed as options rather than as irresistible, hard-wired commands” (Campbell, MacKinnon & Stevens, p. 310) but it does indicate that, despite popular notions of a historical identity of peacefulness, there is a deeply rooted tendency towards the more sinister that ought to be addressed and recognized before we can tackle any possible notion of changing the issue.

In addition to human casualties, what are some of the other major costs of war?

Environmental devastation is surely a top issue as war continues to wreak havoc on our planet, digging into resources and leaving permanent scars that cannot be repaired. Chemical warfare in particular proving to be have disastrous and lasting effects on the world, stretching far past initial hit-site and bleeding into the soil, infecting natural resources and harming the health of humans and animals alike. This only further adds to the issues of disease, man-made tragedies now mutating and providing fuel to the illness fire.

What is the relationship between war and peace?

They are opposites, drastically different outcomes stemming from the same situation but nurtured by opposing views, emotions, and perspectives. War is the aggressive and violent response, whereas peace is not so much about lack of action or emotion but more about the steadfast desire to uphold an entirely different set of values that includes the well being of all.

Is peace more than simply the absence of war? If so, then how do we define it?

Peace requires more than only the absence of war. Laws and justice systems are key components, but I would add that constant open and empathetic communication is equally as important. Peace as a general whole is greatly dependent on the participation and willingness of others, without interaction and willing cohabitation keeping peace becomes extremely difficult.

What forms of violence beyond armed conflict pose the biggest threats to peace in the global context?

Slavery, starvation, sex crimes, gender and sex inequality, structured violence bred from historical and/or cultural injustices, and lack of access to basic rights greatly impose on the success of global peace. As mentioned above, as well, without fully addressing the issues everyone is facing all across the globe we cannot expect to actually tackle the issues at hand. It cannot be a matter of cherry picking who we do or do not help but rather an all encompassing effort to ensure that as many people as possible are allowed the same opportunities to enjoy the basic human rights they are owed. Moreover, as we continue to ignore the plight of one community or another, there are issues of potential uprisings or calls to war as people grow restless and tired of being pushed aside and disregarded.

What conditions foster peace?

Conversation, willingness to participate and work together, as well as the support of important figures and/or large numbers to combat against the impatience or violence of others.

Might nonviolent resistance be a successful strategy for overcoming violent injustice?

I don’t think that nonviolent resistance alone can be successful, but it is a key component to pushing towards challenging injustices. But, unfortunately, the nonviolent resistance still requires backing, attention, perseverance and patience to understand that results are not immediate. Particularly if others respond with violence or try to drown out the message of nonviolence.

Conclusion

Though it may seem rather (detrimentally) optimistic of me, I had previously assumed that humans were not genetically predisposition towards violence, so I was a little disappointed to find that in our readings. Of course the textbook did mention that this does not mean much in terms of immediate action or actual tendency for the violent in general day-to-day, it is still worrying to consider that in a global context, with so many people living today, we are each potentially just as capable of violence as the next person. I had always assumed that it was selfishness, desperation, or something reminiscent of hive-mind mentality that pushed towards the greater scale conflicts, but now knowing the opposite I feel that my perspective on both the past and the future has changed. Not so much for the worse, I will happily continue to hope for the best, but rather it has allowed me a broader sense of how I can approach issues, how I might interpret interactions or grievances, and (more to my own personal interests) how the need to survive and succeed in bringing about violence may have influenced how we communicate with one another.

References

  1. Campbell, P., MacKinnon, A., & Stevens, C. (2010). An Introduction to Global Studies. Chichester, West Sussex, U.K.: Wiley-Blackwell.
  2. Human Rights Watch. (2014). Malaysia: Transgender People Under Threat. [Online] Available at: https://www.hrw.org/news/2014/09/24/malaysia-transgender-people-under-threat.
  3. Keiffer-Lewis, Veronica. (2019). Chapter 7 PowerPoint [PowerPoint]. Retrieved from https://deanza.instructure.com/courses/10222/files/1894815/download?wrap=1.
  4. Merriam-Webster. Definition of CISGENDER. [Online] Available at: https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/cisgender.
  5. WuDunn, S. (2010). Our Century’s Greatest Injustice. [Video] Available at:

The Self: Many Views, No Clear Answer

Throughout many fields not one field has defined self. They have offered a range of viewpoints and have struggled to identify the essence of the self. The concepts of self are self as a soul, an unfolding of innate potentials, an organizing activity, a cognitive structure, a process of shared symbolic activity or a flow of experience (Hutchison, 2015). Some professionals think there is an independent self that comes out of these perspectives. Many cultures all over the world see the self is interdependent which means that self cannot be removed from the framework of human relationships. The three concepts of self that I decided to analysis throughout this paper is: self as organizing activity, self as a cognitive structure, and self of flow experience.

The first concept of self I chose to define, and research is the self as organizing activity. This concept of self includes the thoughts of action, initiative, and organization. Everyone can experience the sense of being capable of initiating an action, and the sense of organization that develops within our lives through experiences and events. Two theories that agree with some of the same ideas of this self is Psychoanalytic theory and ego psychology. They focus on the ego which is where peoples drive is organized and the center where conflicts are at wither they be internal or external. A person’s ego is known to have cognitive and emotional elements and is responsible for who you are. Ego is the one part of your personality that is accountable for a person needs of daily life are and where negotiating for internal needs. While unconscious mental progressions influence conscious thinking, at same time cognition occurs. The ego puts a person drive and make a response for external issues on a person’s happiness and is responsible for defensive mechanisms, judgment, normal thinking and awareness of the surrounding reality (Hutchison, 2015).

Next, the concept I focused on is self as cognitive structure. In many different concepts of self, self as cognitive structure is accepted in a majority of them. People are more willing to accept their conscious thinking process which everyone is in touch with to see their thinking be represented as our core. Included in this self is to represent yourself, which develops overtime within yourself. This self state that through our thoughts action and emotions are created. There are no expectations that push us to behave in certain ways which come from drives or motivation is seen in cognitive theory. In this self, when we learn new information we acquire habits, behavior changes and patterns of certain thinking. There is some necessary bias in the way we view the world which is based from earlier life experiences. With this self, we see human construction as a view of reality. As we participate in our daily lives, our sense of self will grow and develop.

Finally, the last self I chose, is the self as a flow of experience. Within this concept, is the continuing process of experience with the philosophy and practice of theory of existentialism.

Within this self we are defined by the process of becoming there is never anything at a single moment in our life, this process is where there is no endpoint. Everyone’s essence is described as their need to discover or create meaning for themselves, and the freedom to make their own choices in their life. Throughout our life, as we make obligations to ideas outside ourselves this is when our true self is unfolding. A relatively new approach for social work practices would be a self as flow of experience because it has many similarities to narrative theory.

As we develop our own self concept, we filter in or out our new experiences depending whether they are constant with our current life story.

Taking in all this information about these different concepts of self, makes you think about your own sense of self. When thinking about my sense of self compared to the concept of self as organizing activity, I feel this is within my life. The organization throughout my life has increased and improved throughout my life experiences. I also think that my initiative has grown and increased through all the experiences I have had. It is obvious that having organization with your life is almost essential. In my life, I feel a great need to be organized and know what I must do for future experiences and current ones. My organization has improved and increased as I have grown and increased due to other life experiences. I could say this for about everyone’s life. Just growing up and learning new things as a child, you don’t realize the organization to your life until when you are older.

Next when thinking about my sense of self as cognitive structure, I think it is part of my self. I agree that I see myself as a thinker and that implies that my actions and emotions develop within my thought. I agree that I have made patterns of thinking and behaviors making habits. I’ve had seen this through my school years, experiences with my teams, and now in my working experience. For myself, I can see this concept has changed and improved my sense of self. I feel that this concept has made me more responsible and driven me to make better decisions that will impact my life in the future.

Lastly thinking about my self in the concept of self as a flow of experience. When I first read about this self, I realized I wanted to have more of this self incorporated into my life. The idea of that your self is an ongoing process of experiences, to me is true, that every day our self can be changed or influenced. For myself, I feel this concept could help strengthen and influence my future actions and behaviors. I feel this concept will help you to not stress too much on every decision you make, to just trust that every day there is a chance that your self will be influenced to change and make yourself better.

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