Analysis Of Violence In “King Headley II” Book Sample Paper


The problem of racial disparities, discrimination, and the resulting rise in the vulnerability of the African American population has been the source of continuous concerns and discussions within a broader sociopolitical and sociocultural context; however, few results have been achieved so far. Although the phenomenon of segregation is no longer practiced on an institutional level, there has been a clear divide within American society, which is rendered accurately and vividly in August Wilson’s King Headley II. Although Wilson does not hesitate to paint the protagonist as a deeply flawed person, the writer captures the hostility and coldness of the environment in which the lead character has to survive. Therefore, while being an undeniably complicated character, King leads the life that represents the effects of violence against African American people, specifically the violence fueled by racism and ingrained deeply into American society due to institutionalized prejudices.


To convey the atmosphere of threat and fear in which African Americans were living on the described time slot, Wilson uses one of the main plot tools as the essential element that contributes to the somber nature of the violently racist reality that King is facing. Specifically, although King’s aunt does not die of physical violence, her death becomes the gloomy reminder of the fragility of human life and the vulnerability that characterizes the African American community due to the presence of racism-induced violence within it. Specifically, the line “They won’t give back the body, the coroner trying’ to figure out what made her live so long” lingers between the realm of naïve humor and bitter sarcasm (Wilson 91). The idea that living to reach a comparatively old age is considered unusual for a Black woman indicates that the extent of violence experienced by Africa Americans is exceptionally high.

However, the novel also portrays the violence that African American people face due to their race and people’s biased attitude toward it in a very clear and even visceral way, depicting the scenes of physical aggression with great detail. For example, in the scene that sparks a significant amount of controversy due to the portrayal of uninhibited bling rage and the violence that ensues, Pigeon, Elmore, and Mister discuss their recent murders with the air of nonchalance and the col attitude that indicates their complete lack of remorse or, at the very least, any sense of moral reprehensibility for their action. Quite the contrary, King mentions in a very matter-of-fact way that “Life without pain ain’t worth living,” which suggests that he has internalized the idea of violence to the point where it seems normal and even inevitable to him (Wilson 77). Namely, the continuous experience of brutality, as well as being forced into exerting it onto others, has desensitized King, leaving deep scars in his psyche and contributing to the profound experience of the legacy of trauma and suffering that the history of his community carries.

Wilson expands his analysis of the violence that African American people face to consider how they internalize it and direct I against each other. For instance, the relationships between the main characters, particularly, King, the leading one, and Mister, as well as Elmore, are quite strenuous and filled with inherent tension, which is finally released in a major conflict: “There now… you a dead man twice” (Wilson 108). On the surface, the specified strain in the interactions between the characters arises due to the illegal nature of King’s activities and the involvement of the rest of the characters in a similar business. However, on closer assessment of the novel and its meaning, one will recognize the inherent biases that the characters have toward to each other, having internalized hatred to themselves, each other, and virtually everyone who comes their way.

Finally, the portrayal of violence in the novel reaches its peak when King accuses Elmore of playing an unfair game with his dice, which leads to a raw, quickly transitions to a fight, and ends in the tragic death of the protagonist. The fight is described in accurate detail, allowing the reader to visualize its raw brutality. However, Wilson makes the specified stylistic decision not for a cheap shock value, but to encompass the brutality and the violent nature of the oppression and prejudice that African American people must encounter every day of their lives. In a sense, the scene in question serves as a metaphor for King’s entire life, him attempting at dodging the punishment for his illegal business.

Therefore, the problem of violence becomes a ubiquitous theme in the novel, with every part of it being drenched in the idea of brutality being in some way utilized to portray the problem of power imbalance. For example, the phantasmagorical scene at the end of the novel contributes to the impression of surrealism that the excessively violent setting creates. Specifically, the following line: “Stool Pigeon suddenly recognizes that the sacrifice has been made. There is blood on the cat’s grave! He is joyous!” is drenched with metaphorical descent into the primal state of uncontrollable rage (Wilson 109). Thus, the author warns that once violence is fully internalized, it will set the humankind centuries back in progress, specifically, in the opportunities for creating a healthier and happier community.

Therefore, the brutality that King Hedley II, as well as other characters in the novel, have to oppose every single day of their life is visualized in the novel clearly to convey the explicit message of the harm that prejudices and institutionalised racism have done to African American people. Having deprived them of equal opportunity and the chance for a fulfilling life, society exposed African America people to ostracism and societal contempt, making them particularly likely targets for violence and brutality. Moreover, the described setting filled to the brim with hostility and contempt has made a number of members of the African American community, such as King, emotionally numb, having contributed to the community trauma, Although the exposure to violence and brutality has made King more resilient to an extent, it has also maimed his life, causing him to experience injustice and pain.


Although as a protagonist, King is deeply flawed and struggling with his shortcomings, his life and character development across the plot exemplify how horrendously normalized violence against Africa American people has become in American society due to institutionalized racism and persistence of racial bias. Thus, the novel remains exclusively somber as the character must undergo significant suffering merely to live his life. Therefore, Wilson’s portrayal of violence against African American people, be it physical or emotional, has tremendous power and evokes the sense of dread for vulnerable African Americans.


Wilson, August. King Hedley II. E-book, The Indiana University Catalog, 2007.

Urban Planning Software: Network Analysis Toolbox

Urban Planning Software be useful to mitigate the challenges one might face as an area planner, city manager, politician, home owner or business owner

Network Analysis Toolbox is a software that was created to model the traffic of bicycles and pedestrian routes in the cities by modelling them. For different people this software can be useful in different ways. For example, business owners can analyze the most popular pedestrian routes and to open their shops at the most popular locations. Besides, they can analyze the overall market in a certain location and estimate its saturation by looking at the data concerning people’s interactions.

City managers can discover some problems with traffic jams, not very optimal routes, overcrowded locations, and other. Home owners can estimate the optimal routes and closest businesses that could be useful for them. Politicians can analyze the population in the areas and the interests of the people living in particular districts. It can help them to optimize their campaign and to correct them based on the people’s demands.

Benefits of maximizing interactions of people while minimizing friction

There are social, environmental, and economic advantages of maximizing people’s interaction while minimizing frictions. People interact each other in order to meet new friends, to buy some goods, to use services. City life is based on the interaction of people, so the more they communicate with each other, the better it is for the city economy (City Form Lab, 2012). While interacting with each other, people get new ideas about what to do, where to go, what to buy, thus becoming better consumers. The production of goods, their distribution is also based on logistics.

Importance of the clarity of data and the shaping of our lives

A large amount of data occurs in the city: information about people’s routes, key roads, the number of interactions people have, places they visit, and so on. First of all, this data can become a good basis for solving logistic problems. It can help to understand whether it is necessary to built a bigger road in a particular place, whether traffic lights and pedestrian crosses are needed. Besides, it can help the large companies to better organize their logistic systems.

For example, they can understand where it would be better to build a warehouse and where to put the distribution points. The data analyzed by Network Analysis Toolbox also can help the city architects to find the most successful places for building a subway. From environmental point of view, it also can be helpful, as reduction of unnecessary routes and optimizing the traffic can reduce the time that people spend in traffic jams. Thus, it can help reduce the carbon emissions.

Importance of the issue that MIT is providing software free of charge

It is very important that MIT is providing the Network Analysis Toolbox free of charge. It allows to spread this software among many people and thus to maximize its use for the city. If the software was expensive, then it would be not so helpful for the city environment as it could be, as some people cannot afford to spend money on such type of software or do not want to acquire some tool which functions are nor clear. When they download this software free of charge, they can better discover its functions and to use it for their purposes.


City Form Lab (2012). Urban network analysis. Vimeo. Web.

Cici’s Pizza’s Business Approach, Leadership Style, And Competitive Vulnerabilities

Leadership Structure and Adoption

Cici’s Pizza’s business approach and leadership style set it apart from its food service competitors. Restaurants may only offer their best meals during lunch or on certain days. But Cici has a distinct market strategy. A $6 breakfast buffet is available every day at Cici’s. Salads, desserts, and non-pizza options (such as mac & cheese).

Non-pizza options are available à la carte. There are other non-pizza choices (such as mac & cheese, occasionally). The buffet is open daily from 11 a.m. until 9 p.m. Cici’s Pizza values low prices, ease of use, and quick delivery above product quality and flavor. Cici’s Pizza has been a community favorite since 1985. (Tran et al., 2019, p. 100932). Cici’s Pizza is noted for producing mediocre Pizza that is cheap, easy to cook, and uncomplicated for people on a budget. The public has gained trust, credibility, and interest by seeing it seven days a week, all day.

Due to the current coronavirus epidemic, diners may be less hungry than expected during peak eating season. To keep the firm lucrative, consumers and Cici will need to think beyond the box (Elsayed et al., 2021, p. 142). Cici’s Pizza employees gave CEO William Mitchell and company management a “D-” in a CNN survey, placing Cici’s Pizza in the worst ten percent of firms nationally. CEOs received 64 points, managers 51 points, and the Executive Team 53 points out of 100 in Mercer’s poll. It is, therefore, possible to replicate the leadership style, although it is not recommended.

Cici Growth and Decline

When Cici’s Pizza initially opened its doors, it swiftly won customer trust due to its simple idea, low operating costs, and proven dependability. Since its inception, Cici’s Pizza has maintained its high degree of popularity (Parnell, 2017, Strategic Management: Theory and Practice). It was when the company started to grow and prosper and when it began to bloom. In five years, the number of corporate-owned outlets grew from eleven to thirty-six. Between 2011 and 2015, this grew. According to the corporation’s annual report, franchised stores declined from 579 in 2010 to 407 in 2011. Following this trend, buyers prioritized quality above money (Gerhardt, 2018, p. 101). They also grew more health concerned, which I think helped down pricing. After the 2008 financial crisis, the US employment market recovered, allowing Americans to spend more money on better-tasting food. Also, the firm has consistently adapted to change and remained competitive, which is impressive. Aside from that, I’ve learned through sports that not constantly pushing ahead is a sign of regressing. Liberman, a Liberian-American politician, is the President of the National Congress of Liberia (LNC). Liberman is a Liberian-American politician and Vice President of the United States (Diep et al., 2017, p.281)


The most significant and problematic issue confronting Cici’s Pizza right now is the possibility of having to close the buffet due to COVID-19. Since the COVID virus epidemic was revealed in 2014, people have been more cautious about using utensils that have come into contact with others (Lee et al., 2021, p. 398). Several restaurants and other businesses have been forced to close due to safety regulations, and they may not be allowed to return until the COVID-19 issue is resolved (Nguyen, 2020). In early May, the buffet firm “Souplantation and Sweet Tomatoes” declared bankruptcy and said it would not be returning to the market, shocking many. Since its start, CiCi’s Pizza has depended on its low-cost $5 menu to attract consumers owing to the industry’s high level of competition. In the end, though, diminishing customer faith in the product led sales to stagnate. Cici’s Pizza enlisted the expertise of advertising firm AMP to announce significant changes and usher in a new era for the company. The Cici case study revealed various parameters that impact the company’s longevity and growth.


In conclusion, due to the high level of competition in the quick-service restaurant (QSR) industry, CiCi’s Pizza has relied on its inexpensive $5 menu pricing to keep customers coming through the door since its inception. The Cici case study gave information on several metrics that affect the company’s existence and progression at large. In the end, however, eroding consumer trust in the product caused sales of the specific product in question to reach an impasse (Parnell, 2017, Strategic Management: Theory and Practice). Cici’s Pizza should seek the aid of advertising agencies to help the business enhance several changes and herald a new era for the company during its transition. Therefore, it is recommended that Cici employ an approach that allows for a well-framed and structured comprehensive plan to allow for the modernization and adoption of today’s industry activities and technologies to enhance its competitiveness in the food market.


Diep, C. S., Leung, R., Thompson, D. I., Gor, B. J., & Baranowski, T. (2017). Culture and diet among Chinese American children aged 9–13 years: A qualitative study. Journal of nutrition education and behavior, 49(4), 275-284. Web.

Elsayed, Y., Hefny, M., Khan, M., Marghany, M., Radwan, A., & Elmohandes, N. (2021). Investigating Chain and Independent Restaurants’ Facebook Presence: A Step Forward Towards Measuring their Online Image. Journal of Association of Arab Universities for Tourism and Hospitality, 20(3), 130-147. Web.

Gerhardt, S., Joiner, S., & Dittfurth, E. (2018). AN ANALYSIS OF EXPECTED POTENTIAL RETURNS FROM SELECTED PIZZA FRANCHISES. Journal of Business and Educational Leadership, 101. Web.

Lee, C. C., Enzler, C. J., Garland, B. H., Zimmerman, C. J., Raphael, J. L., Hergenroeder, A. C., & Wiemann, C. M. (2021). The Development of Health Self-Management Among Adolescents With Chronic Conditions: An Application of Self-Determination Theory. Journal of Adolescent Health, 68(2), 394-402. Web.

Parnell, A. (2017). Strategic Management: Theory and Practice, 5th Edition. (Solon. OH, Academic Media Solutions).

Tran, A., Moran, A., & Bleich, S. N. (2019). Calorie changes among food items sold in US convenience stores and pizza restaurant chains from 2013 to 2017. Preventive medicine reports, 15, 100932. Web.

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