Argument Against The Great Wall Of America University Essay Example

The building of a wall between Mexico and the United States was meant primarily to prevent illegal immigration. Over the years, the government of the United States has grappled with problems arising from the porous southern border. Eventually, the government resolved to build a wall and entrench this development into the country’s laws through the Secure Fence Act of 2006. The debate has been rife concerning the building of the Great Wall of America.

There are those people who feel that the wall is necessary for the war against illegal immigration and drug trafficking. Others consider the wall a mere hoodwink against the serious issues surrounding illegal immigration.

The effects of the wall on the environment and the ecosystem are also referenced in the argument against the Great Wall of America. The debate on the border wall also attracts a lot of uninformed claims and arguments. This essay provides an informed argument against the erection of the wall between Mexico and the United States.

First, the resources that were employed in building the border fence could have been redirected towards other security measures. Records indicate that the cost of complying with the Secure Border Act was in excess of four billion dollars. Previously, the entire budget of the United States Border Patrol was under three and a half billion dollars (Ganster and Lorey 32). It is hinted that the government halted the expansion of the wall in 2010 due to cost concerns.

Instead of enacting the expensive wall, the government should have invested in other border security additions such as hiring more personnel and buying high-tech sensor systems. While walls might be appropriate in stopping illegal crossings in some areas, they are not the ultimate solution to illegal immigration.

If the four billion dollars used to erect the wall were invested in border personnel and upgrade of technology, it would have achieved good results. However, this strategy would also have alleviated the social and environmental concerns arising from the wall.

Prior to the wall, there were already other functional measures against drug trafficking and illegal immigration. The National Guard could have easily defended the southern border as it is already well equipped to perform this task.

Furthermore, the costs that would be incurred by the National Guard are significantly lower than the cost of building and maintaining the wall. The National Guard is well trained to defend the American borders against all forms of intrusion. In addition, this unit required no improvements before having been deployed to the southern border.

The effects of the wall on human welfare are appalling. After the wall was enacted, would-be illegal immigrants were forced to turn their attention to other inhospitable crossing points. Therefore, the institution of the wall ends up being a threat to human welfare, just like drug or human trafficking.

The residents and landowners of the border region have expressed their dissatisfaction with the erection of the fence. For instance, landowners along the Hidalgo border point in Texas refused to give up their land voluntarily for fence-building purposes in 2007 (Fox 15). Their actions were a protest against the inhumane nature of the fence. The residents also noted that the government ignored other pertinent human-related problems when erecting the fence.

The Great Wall of America largely ignores the mutual dependency between America and Mexico. Building the wall gives the impression that the two countries have no need for each other. In addition, the cultural connections between Americans and Mexicans are ignored largely by the world. The southern border point is a hub of cultural and political exchange. For instance, some cultural experts have argued that “to know Los Angeles one has to have an understanding of Mexico first” (Andreas and Snyder 59).

Furthermore, it is important to note that most of the border residents consider parts of both countries their home as they have personal connections with both sides of the border. Sociologists have fronted the argument that borders act more as membranes as opposed to being demarcation lines. Therefore, the wall has severed this membrane and stopped the cultural flow that had existed before. The only thing the foundation of the wall has achieved is to disfranchise lives and scar landscapes within the border.

The wall has negative impacts on the environment and the ecosystems of both Mexico and the United States. The strongest evidence against the wall’s environmental destruction is the fact that the Department of Homeland Security evidently overlooked more than thirty environmental-laws when building the wall.

The authorities cited the various environmental restrictions as some of the factors that were delaying the completion of the wall (Dear 79). However, all these environmental and cultural laws had been put in place to prevent degradation. The wall has also received a lot of criticism for upsetting the ecosystem of Rio Grande as well as contributing towards the extinction of endangered species.

There are very few justifications for building the wall as compared to the various detrimental effects of its erection. The wall has negatively affected the cultural exchange between the two countries. Furthermore, the economic and environmental costs of building the wall cannot be recouped.

Works Cited

Andreas, P., and Timothy S. The Wall Around The West: State Borders And Immigration Controls in North America and Europe, New York, NY: Rowman & Littlefield, 2007. Print.

Dear, M. Why Walls Won’t Work: Repairing the US-Mexico Divide, Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press, 2013. Print.

Fox, C. F. The fence and the river: Culture and politics at the US-Mexico border, New York, NY: Routlege, 2009. Print.

Ganster, P., and David L. Borders And Border Politics In A Globalizing World, New York, NY: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2006. Print.

The Art Of Writing And Storytelling

Introduction

Composition writing is an integral part of learning the art of writing and storytelling in different aspects.

Also, apart from enabling students to move from one academic level to another, composition writing is important for students because it allows them to learn how to present ideas and real-life events in logical and well-organized short stories.

Therefore, students should be well prepared and be able to demonstrate the highest standards of the organization during composition writing.

This article reviews the essay, ‘The Test’ in the context of its significance to composition writing, and its role in showing the importance of being well prepared during composition writing.

The Theme of the Story/Essay

‘The Test’ is a short essay that is essentially an analysis of the composition, ‘An Unforgettable Event’ written by one student who attempts to present her real-life experience in academic composition.

In this essay, the author manages to present the reader with the essentials of composition writing at the college level.

Also, the author deviates from analyzing the student’s composition to telling the readers about the historical event, which happened in 1969 to a young girl who is coincidentally the owner of the composition being analyzed.

Conversely, the theme of the story/essay presented by the author of ‘The Test’ could be that the author intends to show the readers the significance of being well prepared before deciding on a topic to write about in a composition test.

Alternatively, the author intends to show the importance of making smart decisions in composition tests.

As a result, the author portrays the composition writer as a person who understands the basic outline of composition at the college level in that the composition should be organized into an introduction, thesis statement, developmental paragraphs, and the conclusive paragraphs.

However, the author is quick to note the student’s weakness in terms of using the correct sentence structure, sentence coordination, and thus the flow of paragraphs.

Here, the author depicts the student as a person who lacks the skills of coordinating sentences, subordinating sentences, and creating sentence variety in a composition write-up.

Therefore, this particular essay is important to college students because it presents them with the opportunity of identifying the commonly made mistakes in college-level composition tests.

Here, the author intends to show the students that apart from using the basic composition outline, one should learn to use a variety of skills in grammar to bring out a story/essay, which captures the attention of readers through the accurate, precise, grammatical, and logical flow of different ideas.

On the other hand, the essay shows the advantage of using real-life events to develop interesting stories in composition tests. Here, the author notes that when students use such real-life events in composition writing, they stand a chance of presenting interesting and logical pieces of art.

However, there is the need for students to be aware of misplaced sentences and ideas because they make the whole composition to look disorganized in addition to showing that the student lacks an in-depth understanding of different competencies in storytelling and composition writing.

Conclusion

This article reviews the essay, ‘The Test’ in the context of its significance in composition writing and the role that the student plays in terms of being well prepared and presenting different ideas in a logical manner during composition writing.

In this article, it is notable that the author intends to present readers with the essentials of composition writing in terms of choosing topics, organizing the work into a simple outline, constructing coherent sentences, and achieving the flow of paragraphs.

As a result, the essay is important to college students because it enables them to re-assess their preparedness and competencies in composition writing before embarking on presenting any form of essay or composition write-up.

The Nuclear Power Usage In The UAE

Abstract

At present nearly 20% of the U.A.E’s entire oil production goes immediately towards supplying its various power plants into order to meet the energy requirements of its populace. The inherent problem with this lies with the fact that the oil reserves in the U.A.E are a finite resource and eventually with the increased demand for energy this resource will be consumed that much faster.

Not only that, the continued expansion of its energy infrastructure through the creation of more fossil fuel based power plants increase the possibility of environmental pollution affecting the area. Based on this dilemma this paper tackles the facts behind the current energy consumption of U.A.E and how nuclear power would be a viable means of providing the Emirate with sufficient power for continued growth in the future.

Introduction

As the population of the U.A.E continues to swell so too does its use of utilities such as electricity continue to grow along with the increase in its population. Various, studies have shown that among all other countries it is the oil exporting states within the U.A.E and Saudi Arabia that have the greatest per person consumption of electricity on the planet.

The inherent problem with such a situation is that the continued growth of the region does not match the energy production capabilities of the various fossil fuel power plants with expansions needed on their energy capacity every year. Not only that, oil within the Emirate is a finite resource that can and will disappear within a few decades at the current rate of consumption.

It has been stated that “the main reason behind the recent growth of nuclear power plants is due to the possibility of impending exhaustion and the possible disruption of the supply of petroleum” (Anonymous 2011, 56). As such what is required in the case of the U.A.E. is to invest in an alternative form of energy to ensure that the region does not suffer from either a future energy crisis due to a lack of fuel or a polluted atmosphere as a result of unmitigated emissions from various power plants.

Energy Consumption within the U.A.E

One feature of the current energy consumption system currently being utilized by the U.A.E. is that the consumption of electricity within the Emirate is heavily subsidized by the government with most if not all energy production coming from fossil fuel burning power plants that utilize the same oil that the various countries within the Emirate export.

The main contributor to energy consumption within the U.A.E is its harsh climate; the fact is the U.A.E is located in a hot and arid desert with little rainfall whose primary export is oil and petroleum-based products (Wood N.I., 1). It was the oil industry that started the rapid industrialization of the region in an area that is one of the hottest and harshest places on the planet to live.

Such an environment places certain unique strains on the energy production capabilities of the region not apparent in other areas. For example, during summer months the outside temperature can reach up to 50 degrees Celsius which necessitates the need for constant and continuous energy use by the vast amount of air conditioning systems within the various countries within the Emirate (Alotaibi 2011, 637).

Environmental Issues

Environmental considerations must also be taken into account since the continued expansion of fossil fuel power plants within the various countries in the Emirate may very likely cause various negative environmental reactions associated with pollution and climate change. The inherent problem in utilizing fossil fuel burning power plants in the resulting carbon dioxide waste that gets expelled into the atmosphere (Vaillancourt et al., 2008, 2301)

It must be noted that increased amounts of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere especially in areas where there are few natural ways for the resulting gases to be absorbed results in a significant accumulation in the air for quite some time which has the potential to cause various respiratory diseases(Vaillancourt et al., 2008, 2301).

China which possesses one of the world’s most extensive power grids which utilizes dozens of fossil fuel burning power plants has seen a rise in respiratory diseases as the amount of smog in the air continues to accumulate.

The problem within Utilizing Renewable Energy Resources

While utilizing renewable energy resources presents itself as a viable method of clean energy production the only inherent problem though with utilizing resources such as solar and wind power is that they are not as reliable compared to fossil fuel burning plants.

Solar energy is dependent on the sun, while Kuwait has more than enough free space to establish a solar array the fact remains that energy production cannot be done when there is no sunlight, as such solar power has a distinct limitation in that it cannot provide electricity 24 hours a day (Anonymous 2011, 56).

On the other hand wind power is not on a set schedule compared to solar power and can run at any time of day or night however wind power as a source of electricity is subject to a certain degree of unpredictability since there is no definite assurance that air currents will blow in a certain spot on a constant basis.

Nuclear Power as a Viable Energy Source

One alternative power source that is reliable and is not dependent on external factors such as the sun or the wind is the use of nuclear power. Nuclear power reactors are a proven technology utilized in the U.S., Japan as well as several 1st world countries. One of its advantages is that it can function at a fraction of the cost of fossil fuel plants, can produce more electricity and utilizes a fuel source that is not expended easily.

On average a single fossil fuel power plant can go through several thousand barrels of oil in a single day, NPP (Nuclear Power Plants) on the other hand use nuclear fuel rods which can last several years and are relatively inexpensive when compared to costs of oil.

While there are concerns regarding the possibility of meltdowns and radiation poisoning most NPPs have several backup systems to prevent this and so far in the history of the technology only 3 incidences of a nuclear meltdown have occurred and in all cases it was usually due to human error and not a failure of the technology itself (Kessides 2010, 3848).

Daily operations at an NPP (Nuclear Power Plant) are not as polluting compared to the emissions of fossil fuel burning power plants. The steam seen being emitted by various NPPs is merely evaporated water and does not truly present a threat to the environment. As such as far as emissions are concerned nuclear technology is a far cleaner method of energy production (Miettinen et al., 1976, 492).

As for its ability to produce electricity, a single nuclear reactor (depending on the size and scale) can rival and exceed the energy-producing capabilities of several fossil fuel plant, and the amount of energy loss is also minimized due to the overall design of the energy collection system.

Barriers to Setting up Nuclear Power plants in the U.A.E

Nuclear power was chosen as a viable means of energy production for the U.A.E based on the fact that it does not rely on oil, it does not release carbon emissions into the air, and it is a viable means of energy production that is comparatively cheaper to other alternatives (Kessides 2010, 3851).

While there are various arguments against its usage such as disposing of spent nuclear fuel rods and the possible threat of a nuclear meltdown as a result of user error the fact remains that on average NPPs are quite safe. Unfortunately one of the barriers in establishing this particular method of energy production is not the inherent cost but rather the history of the region.

The Middle East has the unfortunate distinction of being called an unstable region where terrorists are located. The U.S. states “this causes congressional concerns about the possible role of the UAE as a transshipment point for nuclear technology” (Anonymous 2008, 5). While such claims are based on unfounded and often preposterous the fact remains that building nuclear reactors is strictly regulated by an international body.

The political ramifications alone would cause the project to be mired in political red tape, and as such it is to be expected that an NPP (nuclear power plant) will not be built without some sort of obstacle presenting itself (Luomi 2009, 112).

Conclusion

Despite these apparent setbacks this paper still recommends the usage of nuclear power as a future energy source for the U.A.E due to the fact that as oil reserves continue to drop the price of energy production using the traditional method of fossil fuel burning power plants will become an almost unviable means of supplying energy to the populace of the country.

Reference List

Alotaibi. (2011).Energy Consumption in Kuwait: Prospects and future approaches. Energy Policy 39: 637 – 643.

Anonymous.(2008).UAE-US Nuclear Cooperation. Arms Control Today 38, no.5: 5.

Anonymous.(2011).On Nuclear Power/Response to John W. Farley’s Our Last Change to Save Humanity. Monthly Review 62, no.9: 54.

Kessides, Ioannis.(2010). Nuclear power Understanding the economic risks and uncertainties. Energy Policy 38: 3849 – 3864.

Luomi, Mari.(2009) Abu Dhabi’s Alternative Energy Initiatives Seizing Climate Change Opportunities. Middle East Policy 16, no.4: 102 -117.

Miettinen, Joseph and others. (1976). Risk Benefit Evaluation of Nuclear Powerplant siting. Annals of Nuclear Energy 3: 489 – 500.

Vaillancourt, Kathleen and others.(2008). The role of nuclear energy in long-term climate scenarios An analysis with the World-TIMES model. Energy Policy 36: 2296 – 2307.

Wood, Matthew.(N.I.). Kuwaits Energy Economy.The Nuclear Option (N.I.): 1 -15. Web.

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