Aristophanes And Women Analysis Free Writing Sample

Aristophanes’s play Lysistrata addresses the comedic exploration of war and peace while highlighting the empowerment of women. The play is set during the Peloponnesian War, a period characterized by frequent conflicts among citizens and dwindling supplies in ruined cities.

During this time, Athens was unfortunately experiencing a lot of suffering. Despite this, their decision to reject peace created a lot of discussion and provided Aristophanes with an opportunity to critique political ideals in a less hostile environment, like the theater. While the main theme of the foolishness of war and the importance of peace is clearly present, it is unclear whether Aristophanes intended to inspire the empowerment of women in that society.

Aristophanes defies the prevailing societal norms of ancient Greece, where women were widely considered inferior to men, by endowing his female characters with wisdom and liberty. In Lysistrata, he presents an alternative perspective that reveals the futility of war and the peaceful disposition of women through unity. Throughout this play, there is a consistent emphasis on the vital significance of peace, underscoring the inherently ruinous nature of war and its enduring adverse effects on those affected.

The negative consequences of the Peloponnesian War were perceived as detrimental and purposeless for both Athens and Sparta, leading to resource depletion and loss of lives. In order to emphasize the indirect effects of war, Aristophanes presents the viewpoint of wives. When contemplating war, our attention is typically directed towards the sacrifices made in terms of costs, resources, and lives associated with a specific cause or disagreement.

When considering various variables, it is common to overlook the indirect impact war can have on families, including wives and children. Lysistrata, before proposing her strategy to end the war, asks the women a thought-provoking question: “Are you not sad that your children’s fathers go endlessly off soldiering afar in this plodding war? I am willing to wager that there is not one here whose husband is at home.” As each woman shares the length of time she has endured without her husband, they reveal the extent to which they would go to end the war if given the decision. Myrrhine offers to pawn her dress, stating “…I will, though I have to pawn this very dress and drink the barter-money the same day.” Calonice presents her own body as a sacrifice, saying “And I too, though I’m split up like a turbot and half is hacked off as the price of peace.” Even Lampito expresses her desire for peace by saying “I’d clamber up to the tip-top of Taygetus to get a glimpse of peace.” Through these women’s expressions, it is clear that their topmost concern is a treaty for peace.

Aristophanes uses the female characters in this play to highlight the need for peace and show how war can not only divide nations but also families. Like in many other fifth century nations, Greek men were the ones who held all forms of power in society. Women were typically considered companions and were only valued for their ability to reproduce. Their role in ancient Greece was solely to fulfill traditional tasks like raising children and managing household chores. The idea of women having power or being able to organize things sensibly was seen as absurd.

Aristophanes uses his play to highlight how women, who were not considered equal to men, can rise to power by exploiting their position. In Greek society, men had control over women but lacked wisdom and reasoning when it came to the Peloponnesian War. However, women had a better understanding of the war’s senselessness and maintained their insight and peaceful nature. Aristophanes creates powerful female characters who are assertive and advocate for peace, but he achieves this by manipulating their sexual dominance.

The women not only take over the Akropolis successfully, but also come up with a plan to abstain from sexual relations with their husbands until a treaty between Athens and Sparta is established. “We must refrain from every depth of love…” (Lysistrata, 134). At first, the women are relentless, but once they realize the significant impact it could have on their men, they make a vow of abstinence. They remain in the Akropolis until their husbands start begging for their attention, and even then, they stay true to their oath until a treaty is finally made. “…Witnesses of our revelry and of the noble peace we have made, Aphrodite our aid” (Lysistrata, 1484-1485). By transcending traditional gender roles and assuming positions of authority, Aristophanes empowers the women. They employ the simplest form of female dominance to not only gain power but also initiate a treaty for a common cause. While this play encompasses various main themes, I believe Aristophanes skillfully weaves them together to convey a deeper message of strength through unity.

The idea of unity is clearly demonstrated by both the concept of peace and the newfound power exhibited by a seemingly weak group of women. The quote from Lysistrata, “Earth is delighted now, peace is the voice of Earth. Spartans, sort out your wives: Athenians, yours. Let each catch hands with his wife and dance his joy, dance out his thanks, be grateful in music, and promise reformation with his heels.” (Lysistrata, 1466-1470), highlights this unity. It is widely believed that even the weak can become strong when their cause is just, and this holds true in this particular situation. The peace that was achieved not only brought families back together, but it also united an entire nation.

Aristophanes introduces a fresh interpretation of the saying “make love, not war” in his distinctive comedic style. He employs the allure and authority of female characters to present a novel concept of their ascension to power and potentially achieving equality. Nevertheless, amidst the captivating sexual theme, the play also conveys a profound message of peace and harmony. Lysistrata, by Aristophanes, grants us a special outlook on war while underscoring the visual appeal of unity through the peaceful actions of women.

Works Cited

Aristophanes’ Lysistrata

Analysis Of My Lady Walks

When Henry Constable attempts to describe his “lady”, he paints the reader an image of love, pureness, and of natural beauty. In his sonnet, “[My lady’s presence makes the roses red]”, Constable talks to the various body parts of his “lady”, claiming that they inspire envy into flowers and that his “lady” is in fact the source of the power for the flowers. Using this personification of the flowers, Constable shapes his sonnet as one that is complementing and treasuring his “lady”, however, a deeper examination into the tone of his work shows a much more intriguing side of this sonnet and of Constable’s feelings toward his “lady”.

A line-by-line dissection of this sonnet shows the multitude of personification and imagery used by Henry Constable when describing what appears to be his love. He begins by making an extremely bold statement, saying that roses do not get their color from years of evolutionary science, rather the sight of this woman’s lips cause them to blush in shame (lines 1-2). The personification of a rose blushing at the thought that it will never have as beautiful of red shade as a woman’s lips is the first sign of an irrational over-exaggeration of his feelings.

This continues as the lily’s leaves become pale with envy at this woman’s white hands. Once again, Constable is saying that this woman is so beautiful and has such perfect features, that the lily is pale with envy (lines 3-4). The entire first quatrain is riddled with unrealistic personifications of emotions towards flowers. Not comparing this woman to a flower, but saying that the woman is so beautiful and perfect that the flowers change themselves as a cause of witnessing her. This is the start of an almost unrealistic view of his “lady”.

He is putting her so high on a pedestal that she is a demigod, changing her surroundings just by her presence. The second quatrain brings a new view of his “lady”. In this section, Constable really plays out the demigod symbol. In lines 5-6, the woman becomes the most holy and prolific symbol for a god in the sixteenth century: the sun. Constable describes the woman as having the same power as the sun, so much that the marigold spreads its leaves at the sight of her. This creates distance between the speaker of the poem, who is assumed Constable, and this god-like woman.

It is then mentioned that this woman is also the catalyst for the purple color of the violets, though unlike the previous flowers, this is not due to an emotion, but rather “the blood she made my heart to shed” (line 8). This is the first mention of beauty not directly caused from the woman, but rather a product of the woman’s actions onto the speaker. This plays a critical role in the tone of the sonnet and the location in the sonnet (end of the second quatrain) is a hint to the importance of this line. The third quatrain returns to the power this woman has on the beauty of the flowers.

In lines 9-10, all of the flowers owe their sweet smell to the breath of this woman and then in lines 11-12, the woman has the actual power to grow the flowers. She is once again displayed with godlike powers and the ability to warm the ground and encourage the growth of the seeds simply by looking at the flowers. Constable’s “lady” is not only the reason why flowers became beautiful, but is not the explanation for why the flowers even exist. In the last couplet, the second mention of beauty not directly caused by this woman is present.

In lines 13-14, the key ingredient for flower-growth is supplied not by the woman’s beauty, but rather from the tears that she makes our speaker cry. This is not to take any power away from our demigod, but rather say that she forced our speaker to cry to provide sustenance to which the flowers are watered. This is the second major appearance of the necessity of tone and once again, the location of this line carries great weight. The tone of Constable’s sonnet is what gives this unnatural description of this woman such intrigue. Throughout the sonnet, the speaker gives godlike characteristics to our woman.

She has a beauty that makes flowers (arguably the most beautiful image in the world) jealous and envious (lines 1-4). She has the same power as the sun (in Roman and Greek mythology, the god of sun was the king and ruler of all gods) and allows beauty to flourish in her presence (lines 5-6). However, the most interesting aspect comes in the structure and location of the two lines that are not directly associated with our demigod. At arguably the middle of the poem (end of the second quatrain) and the end of the poem, Constable uses two references to the speaker’s pain to create the beauty he associates with the woman.

In line 8, the beautiful purple color of the violet is caused by the blood the speaker’s heart has shed, and in line 14, it is the tears that fall from the speaker’s eyes that give the lifeblood of the flowers. This sets a tone throughout the sonnet that places the woman on this demigod pedestal. Constable is writing this sonnet about someone so beautiful and so powerful; that she not only causes our speaker great pain, but the speaker sees that pain as beauty. In essence, the speaker would never be able to describe the woman as “my lady” because the pain she causes to him is what the speaker perceives as her beauty.

While at first glance, the tone of this sonnet is one of beauty and praise, it is in fact one of worship and admiration of something that is out of reach and has a beauty derived in the pain she causes him. Henry Constable’s depiction of a “my lady” can be seen as a tribute to a woman that puts even the most beautiful flowers to shame, but the true beauty of this woman comes from the pain she causes our speaker. The tone of the poem mixed with the symbol of godlike powers and the personification of the flowers all feed into this “lady” being more than just a woman to our speaker.

Works Cited

Constable, Henry. “[My Lady’s Presence Makes the Roses Red].” The Norton Introduction to Literature. By Alison Booth and Kelly J. Mays. 10th ed. New York: W.W. Norton &, 2010. 1062-063. Print.

The Main Aim Of HR Planning

The HR planning is one of the basic tasks to be performed in any organization before start of business. The main aim of HR planning is to provide long term and the best human resource needed by an organization to achieve its goals and targets. Besides the planning it also involves development of HR for the purpose of career growth. It comprises forecasting future needs for employees of various types, comparing these needs with the present workforce and determining quantity and quality of employees to be recruited.

I work in a small size commercial bank and in my organization the HR planning is performed at the top management level which includes HR Head the Chief Executive in consultation with Segment Heads. The Planning functions are performed by HR in the following area for which advanced preparation is done to keep things moving smoothly and to avoid chaos and in our organization:- Recruitment and staffing The HR department together with the group heads keeps on assessing the personnel requirements for the present and future needs of the company.

They tend to fill in the positions preferably from in house if there emerges any job in any department. The planning of HR also involves of what is future needs of the company segment wise and area wise around the country. The recruitment also checks the cost of employees to be borne by the company and market value of employees presently working in the company as well as in hiring. The HR also plans to fill in the new jobs from the present staff available in the organization for their promotion, up gradation and to check the interest of staff in their present jobs.

Training and Development After recruitment the main task is to train the staff according to the job needs and for this purpose we have in house training department. The training also includes the continuous job related as well as general training of the staff. External agencies as well as experts are engaged for the staff training sessions. Training also includes motivational and recretionary sessions to fresh up employees and to motivate them. Payroll One of the major tasks performed by the HR is payroll for which a group of staff is dedicated with software support system.

Tax calculations are made at the start of year and are updated every quarter to check any changes. Compensation and benefit In order to pay employees for the benefits as per HR policy and job entitlements the insurance companies are hired in advance and their contracts and policies are checked in advance and renewed before expiries of term to keep the payments moving throughout the year. Besides a manager for this purpose is available to address the complaints of staff. Performance appraisal Once a year the performance appraisals are being conducted based on specially designed formats for performance appraisals.

This enables the higher management to look in the weaker side of employees and to assess where the training is needed. This helps to boost the morale of hardworking staff and to address the weak staff needs. Rewards HR planning includes the suggestions to the highest management for the procedure of giving staff rewards and prizes performance based or on other events. Organizational Development One of the major roles of HR is the overall development of the staff as well as of the company. In our case the HR has not played any significant role in this regards, however the top management occasionally takes steps for the development.

Employees safety Health and Development Difference between the HR planning of my organization and a well run Organization Although the HR planning in our Bank is quite reasonable and is based on scientific studies yet the major difference in the HR planning of my organization and a very well run organization is the planning and thinking to retain the staff and to think as an asset of the organization. In our organization the HR planning is more focused on benefits to the organization and less inclined to protect the staff and their career development.

However, the organizations which have long standing history or those who tend to strengthen their base always make equilibrium between organizational development and human development and consider the staff as their assets. Besides, our organization is considered as a smaller unit as compared to other banks and financial institutions thus a fear factor of stability of the organization always prevails among the staff. HR has failed to motivate and retain the staff. Thus the turnover is quite high as compared to other financial institutions.


My suggestion for the HR management planning is to put more focus on employees for their career development instead of focus on their training for the betterment of organization only. There needs to be continuous communication system among various levels of employees to make a strong sense of team. The above steps will make the staff motivated with their loyalties bend toward the organizations. Along with above the recognition of brand name of the institution and it development of its good image in the financial market in order to make the employees feel inspired and motivated for their organization.

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