Aristotle Research Paper Free Writing Sample

Aristotle was born in Stagira, on the peninsula of Chalcidice in Macedon, N Greece ( hence his moniker “ the Stagirite ” ) . His male parent was Nichomachus, tribunal doctor to Amyntas III of Macedonia ( the male parent of Philip II of Macedon and gramps of Alexander the Great ) , and he was no uncertainty introduced to Greek medical specialty and biological science at an early age. In 367 BC, after his male parent’ s decease he was sent to Athens, and became foremost a student so a instructor at Plato’ s Academy. He remained there for 20 old ages, until Plato’ s decease in 347 BC, and gained a peculiar repute in rhetoric. Plato was succeeded as caput of the Academy by his nephew Speusippus. Possibly in pique, but more likely because of the rise of anti-Macedonian feeling in Athens, Aristotle left the metropolis to go for some 12 old ages with other co-workers and friends from the Academy, notably Theophrastus ( his ain student and eventual replacement at the Lyceum ) . He went foremost to the new town of Assus in Asia Minor, where Hermeias of Atarneus had invited him to assist put up a new school, and where he worked peculiarly on political theory. He at that place married Hermeias ’ niece, Pythias, and after her early decease either married Herpyllis or took her as his kept woman. In add-on to Pythias ’ girl ( besides called Pythias ) , he and Herpyllis had a boy, Nicomachus ( named after his male parent ) . He was an affectionate and faithful hubby, and a lovingness parent. After three old ages at the Assus Academy, Aristotle so moved to fall in a new philosophical circle at Mytilene on Lesbos, where he developed his involvement in and survey of biological science. In c.343 BC, he was invited by Philip II of Macedon to educate his boy, the hereafter Alexander the Great. He was coach to Alexander for three old ages, but his influence seems to hold been negligible. After a brief enchantment on his male parent ’ s belongings at Stagira, Aristotle returned to Athens in 335 BC to establish his ain school, the Lyceum ( near the temple of Apollo Lyceius ) , where he taught for the following 12 old ages. His followings became known as peripatetics, purportedly from his pattern of walking up and down the peripatos ( covered paseo ) of the secondary school during his talks. He made the Lyceum into a major research centre, specialising in history, biological science, and fauna, therefore complementing the mathematical accent of the Platonists at the Academy. Alexander the Great died in 323 BC, and at that place was a strong anti-Macedonian reaction in Athens. Aristotle, of class, had long-standing Macedonian connexions, and took safety in Chalcis in Euboea, reportedly stating that he was salvaging the Athenians from transgressing twice against doctrine ( Socrates being their first victim ) . He died the undermentioned twelvemonth.

Aristotle had many positions on authorities. He believed that a constitutional democracy was the best come-at-able signifier of authorities, but in a state with big population, a democracy was more likely to happen. The best signifier of authorities is that which will let the people to populate in The happiest mode. To make this, the province should be the right size to retain autonomy. Those engaged in trade or commercialism should non take portion in authorities. It should back up the spiritual worship of all peoples. It should procure morality through early instruction, jurisprudence, and preparation. His positions on currency started with bartering. Bartering across states shortly becomes hard, so currency is invented. It starts with metal mintage, but finally turns into a simple stamped papers. But the system finally is based merely on the thought of supply and demand. If a certain merchandise is wanted severely plenty, the purchasers will give more of their ain goods. Currency simply represents the demand of the people. It is meant to procure equity. Usury is an unnatural and blameworthy usage of currency. He believed that the authorities should steer instruction in all countries, to widen the involvements of all people, and do them true freewomans. He thought there were four chief subdivisions of instruction: reading and authorship, Gymnastics, music, and painting.

All of these must be studied to make a broad spirit. All instruction should be a preparation of our understandings so we know how to correctly love and detest. Aristotle ’ s work represents an tremendous encyclopedic end product over virtually every field of cognition: logic, metaphysics, moralss, political relations, rhetoric, poesy, biological science, fauna, natural philosophies, and psychological science. Indeed, he established many of the countries of question, which are today recognizable as separate topics ; and in several instances gave them their names and particular nomenclature. Particular subjects that run through his work are the accent on teleological accounts, and his analyses of such cardinal dualities as affair and signifier, potency and actuality, substance and accident, and specifics and universals. His popular published Hagiographas are all lost, and the majority of the work that survives consists of unpublished stuff in the signifier of talk notes or pupils ’ text editions which were edited and published by Andronicus of Rhodes in the center of the first century BC, but even this uncomplete principal is extraordinary for its scope, originality, systematisation, and edification. It exerted an tremendous influence on mediaeval doctrine ( particularly through Aquinas ) , on Islamic doctrine ( particularly through Averroes ) , and so on the whole Western rational and scientific tradition. During the Renaissance he was dubbed “ the Maestro of those that know ” , or merely “ the Philosopher ”. Aristotle ’ s most widely read books today include the Organon ( treatises on logic ), Metaphysics ( the book written after Physics ) , Nicomachean Ethical motives, Politicss, Poetics, and De Anima.

  1. Aristotle in Readings in Ancient Greek Philosophy from Thales to Aristotle edited By S. Cohen, P. Curd, C.D.C. Reed.
  2. Hackett Publishing Company Inc. United States, 1995. Aristotle. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Internet: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.utm.edu/research/iep/a/aristotl.htm

The Writing Process

The Management Science Process. The Management Science Process consists of 1) understanding the problem, 2) building a representative model, 3) solving the mathematical model and, lastly, 4) monitoring/communicating the outcome. Discuss this process and the importance of each. Respond to at least two of your lacerates’ postings.

Defining the Problem. When is management science generally applied? What kinds of problems do management scientists face? Provide an example of a “problem” an organization you have been involved with has faced that did, or could have benefited from a management science analysis. Respond to at least two of your classmates’ postings. Week One Problems. Complete Problems 11 through 25 at the end of Chapter 1 using the Greeting Card Sales. XSL Excel file on the CD-ROOM accompanying the text. Submit to your instructor.

Week 2 Complete Agriculture Problem. Review problem 12 at the end of Chapter 2 in the text: Frank Hurley is a farmer with 250 acres on which he wishes to plant wheat and corn to maximize his expected return for the season. For crop rotation purposes he must plant at least 50 acres of each crop. He can participate in a federal program that will require him to produce at least as much wheat as corn. Under this program, he is guaranteed to earn $150 per acre of wheat planted and $200 per acre of corn planted.

Alternatively, he can opt not to participate in the program, in which case he projects he would make only $125 per acre of wheat planted and $184 per acre of corn planted. What would you recommend to Frank? Based on the output, what key points would you recommend t… Follow the link to get tutorial – HTTPS://bitty. Com/suffix Keep up with your checking account to avoid wasting money on overdraft charges. Debit cards are easy to use, and unfortunately, that means it is also easy to spend more money than you actually have.

Get into a schedule where you check your account online every few days so that this does not happen to you. Week One Problems. Complete Problems 1 1 through 25 at the end of Chapter Based on the output, what key points would you recommend to Frank? In 250 words, sequentially list and explain each activity along with the tools needed to develop your response. (This question is not about the bottom line answer but rather, the solution process, question formulation, data development, output, output explanation, etc.

Stereotyping In The Media

My topic will address how minorities and women are misrepresented in the media and how they are stereotyped. I plan to show how minorities and women are depicted or stereotyped unfairly in the news, on television, and in general.

In an article from USA Today magazine, it illustrated that if you have watched, listened to, and read media all your life, you probably have filed these images into your thinking process: African-Americans are mostly rap stars, professional athletes, drug addicts, welfare mothers, criminals and/or murderers; Latinos are illegal aliens, ignorant immigrants who take, but give little back to the country and can’t even speak the language, or drug-crazed thugs who have no respect for law or order; Asian-Americans are either weak, model citizens or inscrutable, manipulative, or uncaring invaders of business, especially in the United States; Native Americans are illiterate, drunken Indians who hate all Caucasians and sleep away their lives. (Saltzman, 1994) If you are like most middle-class Americans, most of what you know about members of other races or religions comes from what you read in the paper, hear on radio, or see on television. It is easy to see that racial and ethnic stereotypes still dominate much of reporting today. In today’s media, African-Americans, Latinos, Asian-Americans and Native Americans either are treated as invisible or the source of a particular problem: crime, immigration, or the economy. In reference to Native-Americans: when you watch a sport such as the Atlanta Braves baseball team or the Washington Redskins football team, you see the tomahawk chop and chants at these baseball or football games. Anything wrong with this?

As for Hispanics, “You find a few Hispanics sprinkled through the networks but in supporting roles” says Hollywood publicist, Luis Reyes. “They are put there for color.” (Heller 1994) In 1993, Hispanics who numbered 25 million in the United States, played in only eleven of the 800 prime-time network TV parts, according to a March 1993 Newsweek study. Another study conducted by the Center for Media and Public Affairs, found that of more than 7,000 TV characters on 620 prime-time shows between 1955 and 1987, there were 2 percent Hispanics and 6 percent Blacks. Last year, Common Law lasted only four episodes on ABC. Today, there are no shows that I can think of that are all Hispanic — you have to go to cable TV to find a show.

Now turning to Asians on TV, if you remember the show “All American Girl” which depicted a Korean family, it is no longer on the air. Where do we see them now? No where.

Now let’s focus on African-Americans. Television’s most prominent black men are athletes and entertainers. On the court, on the field, on the rap stage, they are heroes to both Whites and Blacks, particularly to the young. What does this do? They may give an impressionable viewer the notion that speed, strength, and bad language will do for them what it has done for its heroes. Elsewhere on the small screen can be found black news anchors, reporters and commentators as well as actors, social workers, teachers, and public officials who represents different roads to achievement. But not even Colin Powell can compete in the dreams of most youngsters with that of a Shaquille O’Neal or Michael Jordan.

Dr. Camille Cosby, who received her doctorate in education (her husband is Bill Cosby) has written a book: “Television’s Imageable Influences: The Self Perception of Young African-Americans,” which charts the damaging impact of derogatory images of African-Americans produced by our media. She observed that self-esteem is considered a pre-requisite for success. She states, “What impact would it have on your psyche to see your people constantly portrayed as the devoted servant, the chicken and watermelon eater, the sexual superman, or the social delinquent, among many other derogatory images?”

It is for these and other reasons that Dr. Cosby wrote her book to emphasize the real human cost of media misinformation and indifference. Dr. Cosby also states, “As a mother, I am very aware of what children watch and how they are influenced by TV, movies, newspapers and art. The way the media distorts our differences is a covert divide and conquer strategy which I regard as a violation of human rights.” (Johnson, 1995)

When Blacks are invited into homes via television, it evidently is easier for viewers to laugh at African-Americans than to see them effectively addressing their problems.

Former TV comedies such as the highly rated Roseanne and Grace Under Fire, addressed serious issues such as wife abuse, forced unemployment, and divorce within the white working class, but similar issues come up short on black shows. This suggests that Blacks must be fun-loving and happy-go-lucky no matter how dire the circumstance. This “Don’t worry, be happy” mentality was illustrated in “A Different World,” a comedy about black college life as a spin-off from the ground breaking Cosby Show. But it focused on more partying; more relationship matters than on serious academics.

As for women, a report which analyzed media coverage of women, found that the “white male, as reported by the media, is the subtle norm by which all else is gauged.”

For example, when the subject is a white male, reference to his race and gender is rarely noted, whereas descriptive phrases, such as “black leader” or “female candidate” are often employed in addition to that person’s name and title. Images and beliefs concerning women are far more prominent in our society than those of men. Women are always the ones cooking, cleaning, doing household tasks or taking care of children. They are portrayed as being emotionally and physically inferior and submissive to men. Women are visualized as weak creatures. They tend to be confined to a life dictated by family and personal relationships. Men almost always dominate television programs. Figures show that in television drama women are outnumbered by men 3:1 or 4:1; in cartoons women are outnumbered 10:1; and in soap operas women are outnumbered 7:3. (Ingham 1997) In daily shows such as soap operas, women are usually hysterical, crying and emotionally out of control. This personifies women as being the inferior sex, which leads to many false stereotypes. Women as sex objects are the most common stereotype of women on television.

Now turning to the television network, Fox executives first embarked on their quest for the young-urban market dollar, by offering performers such as Keenan Ivory Wayans and Charles Dutton titles that promised an unusually high degree of creative control for African-Americans. Of course, the deals weren’t exactly what they were cracked up to be. When the TV show, In Living Color hit big, the upstart network got greedy and attempted to make syndication dollars on Thursdays while continuing with first-run episodes

Sundays. Naturally the Wayans family walked. And when the TV show Roc failed to earn big ratings, Fox began using its veto power over the shows content. The shows Roc and South Central depicted reality-based black families. Even though Roc was canceled, it went out with a fight. In a last ditch effort to salvage the working-class dramedy (comedy/drama), 29 black members of congress signed a letter of protest to Rupert Murdock (President of Fox network) while Congressman Ed Towns even issued a statement that members of the congressional black caucus will not stand for the “paternalistic” cancellation of positive black shows.

The star of Roc, Charles Dutton in commenting on his show in the magazine “Village Voice” says, “It is my opinion that if I was doing what Martin Lawrence was doing, if I was doing what some of the baffoon male characters on Living Single were doing, if our show was made of fluff-lightweight material such as Family Matters and the Fresh Prince of Bel Air, I would have been on the air for five more seasons.” (Zook, 1994)

Now some solutions for the news. More than 5,000 minority journalists at a unity ’94 conference in Atlanta, said the solution is to increase racial and ethnic minorities in news management ranks so that those who report, edit and decide what goes on via the media are proportionately representative of the public at large. The number of minorities in the media have increased in recent years, but that rate isn’t fast enough. It is unjustifiable that the men and few women who manage the media continue to do so without the benefit of enough input from racial and ethnic minorities to make a difference. (Sunoo, 1994)

Perhaps in the television arena, we could ask viewers what they think about the shows on the air; we need to encourage open dialogue. We need to show that diversity is a long-term commitment to change. Don’t just focus on diversity when it’s black history month or Cinco De Mayo; focus on diversity all the time.

In summary, I hope I have enlightened us all to know that there is minority misrepresentation in the media, whether it be Blacks, Hispanics, Asians, Native Americans or Women. There are a number of solutions possible, but until mainstream America sees it as a problem, I don’t think it will change too fast.

As for stereotyping, the familiar saying, “Don’t be too fast to judge a book by its cover” is easy to say, but unfortunately most look at the cover before opening the book.

Heller, Michele A. (1994, August). “Off the air” Hispanic, 7, (7), 30-34.

Ingham, Helen. (1997, April 6). “The portrayal of Women on television.”

http://www.aber.ac.uk/~edu.www/women/.html.

Johnson, Robert E. (1995, February 27). “Camille Cosby’s book explores negative images of Blacks in media.” Jet, 87, (16), 60-62.

Saltzman, Joe. (1994, November). “In whose image – media stereotypes of minorities.” USA Today (magazine), 123, (2594), 71.

Sunoo, Brenda Paik. (1994, November). “Tapping diversity in America’s newsrooms.” Personnel Journal, 73 (11), 104.

Zook, Kristal Brent. (1994, June 28). Blackout. Village Voice, 39 (26), 51-54.

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