Assessing The Impacts Of Just-in-Time Strategy In Supply Chain Management Of BOROGUE, Abu Dhabi Sample Assignment

Part 1: Evaluation of Two Different Qualitative Methods

This portion of the assignment seeks to critically assess two potential qualitative approaches that might be employed to respond to the DBA/PhD research question. The topic of the research is the assessment of the impacts of Just-In-Time strategy in the supply management of BOROGUE, Abu Dhabi. The methodologies, namely grounded theory and case study, which are assessed both on strength and weakness are applicable to this quality study. Beginning with a research problem, both grounded theory and case studies move on to research questions, data collecting, data analysis, data interpretation, and presentation of the research findings (Morgan, 2022). In spite of this, their approaches vary greatly (Hazra, 2022). For instance, a case study studies a current phenomenon inside a real-world scenario, particularly when it is difficult to distinguish between the scenario and the phenomenon (Liu, 2022). According to academics, a case study aims to clarify and investigate specific phenomena in qualitative complex (Morgan, 2022). A case study is typically required when the study is concentrated on a specific and distinctive constrained system (Banfield et al., 2022). The case study generally employs a mixed strategy of data collection, including both quantitative and qualitative data collection methods (Davis, 2022). A case study’s exceptionality is determined by the research done on the relevant subject. In addition, a research framework directs a case study to evaluate a complex contemporary issue using a variety of data sources (Myeong et al., 2022).

1.1 Case Study

If the goal of the research is to address the “how” and “why” questions, a case study is essential (Vu et al., 2022). Additionally, it can be used in situations where dictating behavioral occurrences is impossible. The case study may be group or individual, complex or straightforward (Wu et al., 2022). Additionally, there are various methods for gathering data and analyzing the case study (Myeong et al., 2022). Symptomatically, the case study’s implementation and data collecting are influenced by the researcher’s skill. As a result, the researcher needs to be able to pose questions and interpret the data (Banfield et al., 2022). The researcher must also comprehend the prepositions and questions of the case study and conduct the investigation with flexibility and objectivity.

The case study includes a protocol for information gathering. The case study’s overview, field methods, and research questions should all include this protocol (Liu, 2022). When doing the case study, the researcher should take the aforementioned elements into account (Morgan, 2022). For a case study, data analysis comprises evaluating, tabulating, and categorizing research findings to ascertain whether they support the study’s hypothesis (Vu et al., 2022). Additionally, there are no particular methods for examining the results of the case study. But the results of the case study should be properly analyzed as follows: (1) the analysis ought to make use of all pertinent study findings. (2) The analysis should list the key competing theories and analyze each competing theory. (3) The analysis should offer solutions to the case study’s objective(s). (4) The analysis should concentrate on the researcher’s past expertise in the subject matter (Vu et al., 2022). However, this strategy needs to be unbiased and objective.

1.1.1 Strength

The case study gives thorough details on the relevant phenomenon. The case study, for instance, can have a specific narrative detailing a phenomenon. A case study also helps readers to naturally extrapolate from specific experiences, suggesting that individuals can comprehend and share the social viewpoints of others (Davis, 2022). A case study approach provides a comprehensive analysis and frequently clarifies the social background. The case study does not involve any altering of social settings, trials, or treatments (Wu et al., 2022). The case study typically takes into account natural phenomena related to people’s actual circumstances. A case study also requires less funding than surveys and experiments. However, the cost of the case study varies on the kind and length of the investigation (Vu et al., 2022).

It is appropriate to conduct a case study while creating new theories. Case studies are most effective at inductively identifying additional variables and hypotheses (Banfield et al., 2022). Quantitative research techniques don’t have these characteristics. The case study research approach takes into account complex casual linkages, such as equality, path dependency, and complex interaction effects (Liu, 2022). For instance, a case study facilitates equality by producing generalizations that are dependent on certain research topics.

1.1.2 Weakness

The generalization of study results based on a single case is not permitted by case studies. Because of this, the case study approach cannot result in scientific advancement (Vu et al., 2022). The case study approach is important for creating hypotheses. As a result, it has little bearing on developing and testing hypotheses. Additionally, the case study approach used for verification is biased (Wu et al., 2022). As a result, the methodology yields results consistent with the researcher’s predetermined notions. In contrast to practical and concrete (context-dependent) information, the case study method offers theoretical and general (context-independent) knowledge (Morgan, 2022). The researcher finds it challenging to formulate and condense general theories and prepositions utilizing specific case studies.

When compared to quantitative research methods, case studies frequently present insufficient evidence, making it impossible for researchers to address all study difficulties and make a scientific conclusion (Banfield et al., 2022). Furthermore, because case studies focus on human experience, they rely on subjective data such as researchers’ observations and statements (Wu et al., 2022). As a result, data constantly varies in accordance with respondents’ thoughts, feelings, and descriptions.

1.2 Grounded Theory

According to the definition of grounded theory, it is a hypothesis that is discovered using information gleaned from social research. Identification and theory generation are the goals of grounded theory (Ahmady and Khani, 2022). For the study of human behavior, grounded theory is essential (Cai et al., 2022). The grounded approach also emphasizes evidence over theory. According to some academics, the grounded theory is a method for gathering qualitative data and using that data to create a theory that defines a certain occurrence (FitzGerald and Mills, 2022). Others claim that when a researcher is interested in a comprehensive theory of a phenomenon of interest, it is essential (Han et al., 2022). When there is little information about the contextual elements influencing people’s lives, researchers employ grounded theory (Tian et al., 2022).

There are several methods for gathering data that make up the grounded theory. These strategies are focus groups and semi-structured in-depth interviews (Li et al., 2022). Research data collection and analysis aid in identifying and evaluating elements connected to the phenomenon of interest (FitzGerald and Mills, 2022). Typically, the interview’s data are transcribed, coded, and evaluated using continuous comparison (Tian et al., 2022).

1.2.1 Strength

Grounded theory has a number of benefits. For instance, it comprises a specific description and narrative regarding group interpretation, interpersonal interactions, or a particular activity, which adds to the intricacies of the phenomena (Ahmady and Khani, 2022). Scholars of grounded theory information may obtain a naturalistic generalization of a particular field of study (Li et al., 2022). Grounded theory also provides social context and enables a broad interpretation. For grounded theory, it is not essential to manipulate the social environment, tests, or therapies (Cai et al., 2022). Therefore, compared to other methods like surveys and experiments, grounded theory is less expensive.

However, the budget for grounded theory is determined by the sort of research and its length (Tian et al., 2022). The theory has a hermeneutic spiral or tightening, which enables the creation of a theory that accurately interprets the research findings (Li et al., 2022). Additionally, during the research process, grounded theory takes the researcher’s perspectives into account (Ahmady and Khani, 2022). It gives scholars the opportunity to use their knowledge and principles to develop a new theory for their chosen field of inquiry.

1.2.2 Weakness

The process is easy. Due to this simplicity, new researchers may find the method to be stress-free (Tian et al., 2022). But in reality, the approach calls for originality, a lot of effort, and substantial experience. Once more, the grounded theory is missing a predetermined research sampling strategy (Cai et al., 2022). As a result, when analyzing data, the researchers always use strict theoretical sensitivity. The hypothesis uses coding, which is inefficient in terms of energy and time (Ahmady and Khani, 2022). Without any theory, a researcher might, for example, follow a difficult coding technique.

1.3 Most Relevant Qualitative Method to the Research

Grounded theory is ideal for the current research based on the weaknesses and strengths of qualitative methods. For this reason, the study adopted a qualitative approach to understanding the effects of the Just-In-Time strategy on the supply chain management of BOROGUE, Abu Dhabi. A structured interview is one of the best instruments for data collection for grounded theory. Li et al. (2022) argue that a naturalistic context of grounded theory can consider interview data as the foundation where scholars can get insights about experiences and beliefs. Typically, the naturalist context distinguishes interview data of the research from its context. As a result, the framework indicates that the data offer an unaltered representation of participants’ understanding. The interview is suitable when a researcher is interested in learning about decision-making, perspectives, and beliefs.

For this reason, it is suitable for getting insights into the effects of the Just-In-Time strategy in the supply chain management of BOROGUE, Abu Dhabi. Interviews help the researchers to get insights into the phenomenon based on the research questions. Furthermore, the structured interview permits comparison between the answers of participants. By using the structured interview, it is possible to determine how the Just-In-Time strategy influences the supply chain management of BOROGUE, Abu Dhabi. The structured interview approach reaches a large population, making the process of collecting data faster, and making it an appropriate data collection instrument for the study.

Part 2: The Use of Cross-Sectional Study in Collecting and Analyzing Data

The semi-structured interview was conducted with the assistant manager of BOROUGE, Abu Dhabi, who had vast experience after and before the introduction of the just-in-time approach in the company’s supply chain management. The data collection instrument (questionnaire) consisted of specific research questions related to the impacts of the just-in-time strategy in the supply chain management of BOROUGE. The questionnaire used is included in Appendix A. The interview was conducted upon the consent of the assistant manager of BOROUGE. Consequently, the interviews were recorded as illustrated in Appendix B.

Furthermore, the themes and insights from the interviews were analyzed. This part covers the data collection process, sample size, and the research’s relevancy. The chapter ends by discussing the process of data analysis. The section begins with the epistemological background of the data analysis. As a result, a comprehensive exploration of the collected data follows, providing insights into the meaning of the themes of the study.

2.1 Sample Size

The researcher focused on one data collection exercise for every research task. For this reason, the researcher involved one participant during the interview. The participant engaged was the assistant manager of BOROGUE, Abu Dhabi. Assistant manager was chosen based on his vast experience in the company. Studies show that engaging top workers of an organization provide reliable information about the organization, particularly in companies where a person deals with many people (Almowil et al., 2022). Therefore, assessing the effects of the just-in-time approach in supply chain management from assistant manager offers crucial information on how the strategy influences the performance of petroleum companies.

Additionally, the participant (assistant manager) had worked in the company for more than five years. Therefore, he was vast with all activities of BOROGUE, Abu Dhabi. During the visit to the company (interview), the researcher observed in the supply chain management department how the just-in-time approach affects the general performance of the BOROGUE, Abu Dhabi. The observation supported the information provided by the assistant manager. Hence, the data is sufficient based on its profundity and extensiveness of information.

2.2 Analysis of Data

The researcher transcribed and recorded the collected data. The collected data was represented in one MS Word document, interviews, and notes. According to the grounded theory strategy, the researcher obtains codes and assesses them to get the themes of the study (Banfield et al., 2022). The initial research question evaluated the experience of assistant manager in supply chain management to ascertain the relevancy of the data to research themes. Grounded theory is characterized by its interactive, iterative, inductive, and comparative (Cai et al., 2022).

Additionally, grounded theory analysis simplifies the coding of insights and themes associated with research data. Recognizing the associations according to research data is fundamental to the research in circumstances with limited hypotheses and findings specific to a particular organization (Davis, 2022). Therefore, assessing a specific phenomenon based on the participants’ opinions justifies grounded theory because it offers research data that can generalize the same settings (FitzGerald and Mills, 2022). The grounded theory analysis is well-matched with the interview’s naturalistic framework (Han et al., 2022). Upon the data transcription, the researcher coded the data to identify insights and themes associated with the research. The identified research themes are presented in Appendix D. Through this discussion, developing theories and themes emerged from collected data. The first phase of analysis was the coding of the collected data. The transcription involved a comprehensive examination, which helped identify the critical points from the data. Subsequently, the open codes were assigned to essential research points—the researcher used to constant comparison method to recognize prevailing theories emerging from categories. Figure 1 demonstrates the significance of the JIT strategy in supply chain management based on the insights and themes of collected data.

Figure 1: The importance of the JIT system in supply chain management as revealed by prevailing research concepts

The additional data from memos supported the prevailing insights and themes and how they relate to each other. Moreover, the researcher categorized theoretical notes according to the ideation of their concepts (Morgan, 2022). Typically, ordering research themes is the foundation of theories’ formulation via matching data fragments. Based on the categorization, the researcher exploited connections originating from the primary data category. Furthermore, the researcher utilized an inductive strategy to develop the integrated concept. The primary aim of the present research was to determine the impacts of the JIT system in the supply chain management of BOROGUE, Abu Dhabi. The primary category (effectiveness of the JIT approach) and associated themes originate from the research data.

2.3 Effects of JIT Approach on Supply Chain Management

Based on the finding, incorporating the JIT strategy in supply chain management in BOROGUE, Abu Dhabi, increased the company operations’ efficiency. Assistant manager recognized the effectiveness of the JIT approach in supply chain management. Moreover, assistant manager highlighted various advantages of JIT. For example, the JIT strategy assists the company in reducing its storage and insuring of raw materials. Furthermore, it enhances production, meeting customers’ expectations and demands. Assistant manager also pointed out the company’s challenges, such as managing suppliers, customers’ expectations, quality, and sustainability of the goods. The mitigation of risk is another factor that affects the company. Additionally, access to data is also a stumbling block in meeting the demand and expectations of customers. However, the incorporation of the JIT approach in supply chain management leads to the reduction of the impacts of these difficulties and challenges.

Part 3: Reflection in Regard to Part 2

3.1 Strength and Weakness

Reflection and self-assessment are excellent learning techniques that enable students to analyze their skills and knowledge and identify their areas for improvement. It has been demonstrated that self-evaluation and reflection on one’s abilities and skills enhance learning and improve student performance. As part of qualitative research, I was required to interview a respondent and submit a reflection on my interviewing and preliminary analytic skills. The study aimed to assess the impact of the Just-In-Time strategy in the supply chain management of BOROGUE, Abu Dhabi. The participant involved in the study was a male assistant manager at BOROGUE, Abu Dhabi.

Furthermore, the challenges and difficulties the researcher experienced during the study would enable the researcher to advance his career. Grounded theory is a suitable technique for researchers conducting research in organizations. In most circumstances, people debate the effectiveness of the interview as an instrument of data collection (Myeong et al., 2022). Such people argue that an interview is an imperfect technique for assessing the phenomenon of a study (Tian et al., 2022).

Nonetheless, the researcher exploited a neo-positivist stand in the present study, which counteracted constructivists’ concerns. As a result, the grounded theory supported the naturalistic basis of the research instrument, resulting in the extension of the epistemological characteristics of the research. The research technique the researcher selected is appropriate for the qualitative research method. For this reason, the researcher is interested in using it in future studies. The research’s epistemological concept helps scholars obtain valid and reliable data. Additionally, the success of grounded theory in the present study indicates that the analysis is fundamental in future organizational studies.

The element of neutrality exhibited in the grounded theory is significant. As a result, it allows the researcher to avoid making decisions without consulting the literature. Thus, the neutral nature makes the researcher assess the data based on an unbiased perspective. For this reason, the grounded theory analysis gives honest opinions of the participants, implying the conclusion about the phenomenon is based on the participants’ views. The nature of grounded theory enables the researcher to approach the subjective matter as an academician (Vu et al., 2022). Even though the just-in-time strategy is effective in supply chain management, it is also associated with some demerits (Wu et al., 2022). For instance, there is over-dependency on suppliers, which puts the company at risk of failing to meet customer demands and expectations (Ahmady and Khani, 2022).

Furthermore, the strategy requires more planning. The organization must understand sales trends to make the JIT approach effective. The grounded theory’s safeguards make it possible for an organization’s senior employees to collect information because it overcomes issues that relate to inauthenticity (Myeong et al., 2022). The participants provided their candid views based on their experiences and thoughts. Therefore, nothing manipulated them to offer favorable responses. Thus, the grounded theory approach convinced the researcher that the strategy was the best research methodology for organization research.

Even though there was various merit in the research instrument employed in this study, the researcher experienced different difficulties. Categorization was one of these challenges. The categorization requires stringent guidelines for arranging codes into categories. Therefore, in the absence of these rules, the scholar has the liberality to dictate the research’s direction (Wu et al., 2022). As a result, it offers some freedom and results in research ambiguity.

Additionally, the grounded theory analysis generates a large volume of data, which is challenging to analyze. For example, the research comprised bulky data such as reviews and transcripts. Hence, it was problematic analyzing this kind of data. Therefore, if a researcher does not have experience handling such data, the researcher may wrongly interpret such data. For this reason, analyzing such data requires sufficient preparation for successfully conducting the study. After engaging in the present result, the researcher is equipped with the necessary skills for successfully analyzing grounded theory data.

The present research unearthed various weaknesses and strengths. The primary strength of the grounded theory is its epistemological basis. Additionally, the naturalistic context used in this research allows a bypass of constructivist issues. The information originating from the interview can be distinguished from the interviews. Again, the data collection approach provides independent data, which justifies the data’s integrity. According to the findings, GT is a suitable research methodology for conducting a study in an organization. The sample size for this research methodology is limited, resulting in its weakness. However, the participants’ experiences provide weight to the research, but the small sample size somewhat affects the reliability and validity of the study (Myeong et al., 2022). For instance, one participant’s opinion makes it impossible to generalize the research findings.

The researcher recognized specific areas for enhancement in research skills. Moreover, the research data originated from a single participant, which makes it challenging to arrive at a general conclusion. For this reason, the researcher performed a training analysis to develop a professional development strategy. The researcher discussed the participant’s reviews with the supervisors to determine development prospects.

The research accomplished its primary objectives. The study’s main aim was to determine the impacts of the just-in-time strategy in the supply chain management of BOROGUE, Abu Dhabi. The JIT strategy’s adoption in supply chain management at BOROGUE, Abu Dhabi, improved business operations. Assistant manager acknowledged the value of the JIT strategy for supply chain management. Additionally, assistant manager emphasized several JIT’s benefits. For instance, the JIT method helps the business reduce the number of raw commodities it stores and insures.

Moreover, it improves output while satisfying consumer expectations and requests. Assistant manager also discussed the business’s difficulties, including controlling suppliers, customer expectations, product quality, and sustainability. An additional element that has an impact on the company is risk reduction. Meeting consumer demand and expectations is further complicated by a lack of data availability. However, applying the JIT strategy to supply chain management reduces the effects of these difficulties and challenges.

After playing the audio, I realized I had not used the proper voice tones and pitch. My voice was shaking at first, which I thought might have been anxiety-related. I maintained eye contact, but as I became more conscious of my body language, I noticed that my hands were moving a lot. I must put more effort into this in the future. Lack of readiness was another area where I felt inadequate. For instance, I was unprepared for classifying working practices’ effects into excellent and adverse effects. This categorization was provided to me by the respondent, and I utilized it to create more inquiries. I believe that if I had thoroughly reviewed the previously published material and determined both the positive and negative effects of workplace practices on employee goals, I might have been more aware of two types of impacts. My inability to use the verbatim method was another flaw. I should have used verbatim because it is regarded as precise and incredibly reliable. Because qualitative research is criticized for lacking validity and dependability, the respondent was not given access to the interview transcript to get his confirmation of the written transcript. I failed to succeed in doing this. Additionally, I believe that I am unable to let the participant end the interview whenever they choose. I noticed that the respondent was preoccupied with checking his watch yet unsure how to end the session.

3.2 Development Needs for Qualitative Researchers

The belief that qualitative research is simpler than quantitative analysis makes some scholars think that conducting qualitative research is simple know-how. As a result, they find it challenging to choose it as their research methodology (Almowil et al., 2022). This section reveals what I learned when carrying out the study. Qualitative research enables the researchers to develop their writing, data collection, and analysis skills. Other skills encompass the capability to revolve in philosophical debates and be reflective.

The introspection led to the identification of some areas that require improvement. I want to conduct a mock interview with my fellow students in the future to make sure I am well-prepared for the discussion and do not forget terminology and phrases during the interview. I will reassure my respondents that they are free to end the interview at any time to maintain the principles of research ethics. The necessity for readiness in development is one of the most important. It is necessary to make the questions more understandable so that respondents can answer them without needing to ask for clarification, which will save time. I believe I should engross myself in reading before conducting the interview.

Additionally, I believe that learning the verbatim approach will help me better grasp nonverbal cues and the deeper meanings behind the respondents’ statements. In the future, I want to use it to add pauses and sounds. In my future analyses, I also intend to consider non-verbal cues.

Weak spots have been detected, which are used to determine the priorities and needs for future development. I wish to concentrate on these concerns and improve my qualitative research and interviewing techniques. Overall, the process was smooth, and I gave a good interview that might be viewed as suitable and meeting the requirements.


The report consists of three parts, namely an evaluation of two different qualitative methods (Part 1), using one of the qualitative techniques to collect and analyze data (Part 2), and the reflection on part two of the report (Part 3). Two qualitative techniques (grounded theory and case study) were evaluated based on their weakness and strength. According to the characteristics of these two qualitative methods, the grounded theory stood for assessing how the effectiveness of the JIT system in supply chain management at BOROGUE, Abu Dhabi. The data were collected using semi-structured interviews, in which the researcher approached the assistant manager of BOROGUE, Abu Dhabi, and briefed the assistant manager about the research.

The collected data was interpreted and analyzed using continuous comparison. As a result, the information was organized into seven themes: quality, meeting, decreasing, sustaining, delayed production, churn rate, and increased productivity. Based on the research, the JIT system is crucial in the supply chain management of BROGUE. For example, it enabled the company to enhance its relationship with its suppliers and customers, maximizing its profit—furthermore, in Part 3, the qualitative researcher’s strengths, weaknesses, and development needs.


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The Horror Of Anxiety Essay Example

Anxiety conditions happen to be mental disorders that entail excessive stress or worrying regarding specific aspects or situations of an individual’s life. Notably, anxiety can disrupt a person’s life by affecting their associations with other people, confidence, and potential to undertake daily tasks in school or at work. Every person suffers from this condition from time to time, though chronic anxiety can become problematic to the quality of an individual’s life. Whereas conceivably most acknowledged for changes in behavior, anxiety can also bring about severe implications on physical health. Moreover, anxiety tends to be a regular aspect of life. For instance, one may have experienced anxiety during a job interview or before addressing a group. Precisely, anxiety intensifies the heart and breathing level, concentrating the flow of blood to the brain, where it is needed (Tiller). This highly physical reaction happens to be preparing a person to deal with an extreme situation. Nevertheless, if it becomes intense, one might begin feeling nauseous and lightheaded. A persistent or excessive problem of anxiety can bring about a devastating influence on a person’s mental and physical health. The national institute of Mental health has found out that women tend to suffer from anxiety more than their men counterparts.

Stressful experiences of life may also intensify the risk of an individual for an anxiety condition. Notably, symptoms mays start years later or instantly. Suffering from a critical medical disorder of a substance abuse condition can also result in anxiety disease. Anxiety conditions may manifest themselves in several forms. These types of infections are as follows:

Generalized Anxiety Condition

The generalized anxiety condition happens to be characterized by excessive anxiety without any sensible reason. It has been estimated that this type of anxiety affects nearly seven million adults in the United States of America every year. The condition is diagnosed when excessive worry regarding several things continues for six months or even more (Fajkowska et al.). If an individual suffers from a mild illness, they are likely to undertake their routine daily tasks. More severe conditions may have a deep influence on the life of an individual.

Social anxiety disorder

Notably, this condition entails a paralyzing dread of social circumstances and being humiliated or judged by others. This social fear can leave an individual feeling alone and ashamed. According to the ADAA, nearly fifteen million individuals live with this condition in the United States of America. The distinctive age when this condition might begin is around thirteen years. More than a third of individuals suffering from social anxiety wait for ten or more years before seeking medical attention or assistance.

Post-traumatic stress disorder

This condition begins after experiencing or witnessing a traumatic event. The symptoms of the infection can start instantly or delay for years. Known causes entail a physical attack, natural disasters, or war. The episodes experienced by PTSD individuals can be triggered without being warned.

Obsessive-compulsive disorder

Individuals suffering from the obsessive-compulsive condition may experience feelings of being overwhelmed with the yearning to engage in certain compulsions or rituals repeatedly or experience unwanted and intrusive thoughts that can be obsessive and distressing. Mostly known compulsions comprise checking, counting something, or hand-washing. Known obsessions entail worries regarding cleanliness, the requirement for symmetry, and aggressive impulses.


Notably, these include the fear of heights or acrophobia, tight spaces or claustrophobia, and several others. An individual may experience a strong desire to avoid the feared situation or object.

Panic disorder

Panic disorder brings about impending doom, terror, impulsive feelings of anxiety or panic attacks. Physical symptoms include shortness of breath, chest pain, and heart palpitations. Moreover, these attacks may happen unexpectedly, and an individual may also experience another form of anxiety alongside panic disorder.

Effect of Anxiety on the nervous system

Long-term or lengthy panics attack and anxiety can result in the brain releasing stressing hormones daily and frequently. Precisely, this can cause intensification in the occurrence of symptoms like depression, dizziness, and headaches. When individuals feel stressed and anxious, their brain floods their nervous system with chemicals and hormones intended to help them react to a threat. For example, the body releases cortisol and adrenaline that may affect the normal function of the individual’s body. Whereas this might be of assistance for the occasional events when a person is suffering from increased stress, lengthy exposure to these chemicals can harm the patient’s physical health in the long run. For instance, being exposed to cortisol for an extended period may cause weight gain. Therefore, it means that individuals find it hard to undertake their daily activities like they once used to before being exposed to anxiety.

The fact that anxiety affects the immune system means that an individual might get ill more than expected. Notably, the condition takes a toll on the body of the patient and leaves them fighting diseases more frequently than they expect. This may be due to their mental health. When the body realizes an uptick in the condition, cortisol is released. The chemical works to shut down all processes that deprive the fight-or-flight mode of its energy. Specific functions are bound to be similar to the ones that foster the immune response of the body. It can result in an intensified probability of catching the flu or cold or an all-encompassing feeling of sickness. The condition impairs the elements of the system that battle inflections. Notably, research contends that individuals suffering from severe anxiety may tend to be more likely to suffer from colds, flu, and other forms of diseases.

Effects on the Cardiovascular System

Furthermore, conditions associated with anxiety can result in chest pain, palpitations, and rapid heart rate. Individuals might also be at an intensified peril of heart condition and increased blood pressure. If a person is already suffering from a heart condition, these conditions might intensify the danger of coronary occurrences.

Effects of Anxiety on Digestive and Excretory Systems

Additionally, anxiety affects the digestive and excretory systems of individuals. People experiencing or suffering from anxiety may have digestive problems, diarrhea, nausea, and stomachaches. They can also lose their appetite because of the increased thoughts they might be experiencing. Notably, these issues make individuals uncomfortable that they find it hard to complete their daily activities or adhere to their plans. There may be a link between the development of irritable bowel syndrome and anxiety conditions after a bowel contagion. Precisely, this disease can lead to constipation, diarrhea, or vomiting.

Effects on the Immune System

Notably, anxiety can impact the flight-or-fight stress reaction of an individual and release several hormones and chemicals, like adrenaline, into their system. The short-term effect of this is that it intensifies individuals’ breathing rate and pulse and makes their brain receive increased amounts of oxygen. Precisely, this prepares an individual to react appropriately to an extreme circumstance. The immune system of such a person may even acquire a brief enhancement. With frequent stress, the body gets back to usual functioning after the stress. Nevertheless, if a person frequently feels stressed or anxious or goes for an extended period, the body of such individuals never obtains the signal to get back to its usual operational capability. This can weaken the immune system, leaving the body increasingly susceptible to frequent diseases and viral infections. Also, the regular vaccines received by individuals might fail to function if one is suffering from anxiety.

Effects on the Breathing System

The condition leads to shallow and rapid breathing. Precisely, if an individual is suffering from a chronic or severe obstructive pulmonary disease, they may be at a heightened peril of hospitalization from complications associated with anxiety. Furthermore, anxiety can make symptoms of asthma worse.

Other Complications of Anxiety

It can also result in other influences by causing symptoms like depression, insomnia, social isolation, muscle tension, and headaches. If individuals suffer from PTSD, they may get flashbacks that relive a repeated and frequent traumatic experience. One might often become startled and angry quickly and conceivably become expressively withdrawn. They can also experience sadness, insomnia, and nightmares (Bandelow et al., 93). Remarkably, interrupted sleep happens to be a well-recognized side effect or complication of several conditions associated with mental health, including anxiety. Nevertheless, even though a person tends to be sleeping without being disrupted, anxiety may bring about nightmares or vivid dreams. It is known that the mind does not remain essentially quiet when individuals sleep. During the day, being stressed and anxious can extend during the night, bringing about fear-founded nightmares and sleep issues that make it hard to get proper rest.

Several individuals contend that anxiety and stress can bring about breaking out of the skin, and there tends to be some reality in the argument. Anxiety brings about stress that causes the body of individuals to intensify the production of hormones that can heighten the production of oil. This can result in acne and other conditions of the disease. Also, these conditions can exacerbate current conditions of the skin like fever, blisters, rosacea, psoriasis, and eczema. Studies have also added that anxiety can lead to hives and rashes (Himanshu and Nutan). Seeking the help of a dermatologist can assist an individual. However, they may want to visit a mental health expert if they perceive that anxiety could cause their skin-associated conditions.

Anxiety can result in alterations in the patterns of speech since it leads to individuals second-guessing themselves and talking with minimal authority. Anxious judgments may distract individuals from what they are talking about and make it less possible to deliver their perspectives tangentially and confidently. In an intensively tech-savvy society, it is not a doubt that several individuals spend a lot of time in front of a screen or on their smartphones. Nevertheless, if individuals need to stay on their smartphones more frequently, they could be keeping away from dealing with the condition. Most individuals do not want to face anxiety; hence it happens to be natural that they attempt to avoid this feeling or experience. Scholars have argued that distraction tends to be evading an occurrence or a situation. With minicomputers at their exposure at all times, several individuals opt to scroll through social media or play video games to avoid the discomfort that comes with anxiety.

Anxiety in the Contemporary Society

Even though it happens to be the increasingly known sign of being mentally distressed in almost every nation across the globe, anxiety is frequently brought forwards as an artifact of contemporary Western societies. Perse, the idea of anxiety was initially brought into light as a psychoanalytic and philosophical idea in the first half of the twentieth century (Rehman et al., 45). To a most significant extent, anxiety indicates to the self-esteem that an overwhelmingly awful occurrence is about to occur and that the body has to utilize a defense technique in reaction. Individuals learn to handle the anxiety that has been triggered by actual threats, like the fear of being attacked by an animal, either by staying away from circumstances that may potentially entail the danger or risk, or by physically avoiding them.

The actual effect of anxiety in contemporary society can be hidden when it happens to be a symptom of treatable or other physical issues that can be prioritized in any successive health intervention (Lawrence et al., 53). Problems associated with anxiety are popular among individuals suffering from cardiovascular diseases. For instance, panic conditions happen to be up to ten times more common among individuals suffering from a chronic pulmonary illness compared to the general public. Studies have also discovered that individuals suffering from GAD tend to be at an increased peril of coronary condition of the heart. In contrast, anxiety has also been associated with the intensified occurrence of gastrointestinal issues, arthritis, typhoid, allergies, and migraines. Individuals with anxiety conditions tend to be four times as likely as others to suffer from high blood pressure. Several studies have indicated a connection between the decreased function of white blood cells and anxiety. Notably, as discussed earlier, this is a sign of a weak immune system.

Moreover, there happen to be emerging facts proving a connection between Alzheimer’s condition and stress. Also, anxiety is linked to unhealthy life choices like poor diet, too much consumption of alcohol, and smoking (Saviola et al.). Diseases associated with anxiety influence nearly three and a half percent of young adults and children in the United Kingdom. Nevertheless, whereas individuals cannot completely confirm that young adults and children in contemporary society suffer more from anxiety than than the past generations, psychological health issues in young individuals are astonishingly prevalent.

Several individuals experiencing anxiety issues tend to hide or avoid seeking medical help because they believe it may bring down their ego or self-esteem. Notably, this is because they think that the causes of anxiety cannot be spoken out loud to any other individuals. Many individuals think that they suffer from anxiety because of financial problems caused by the increased levels of unemployment in the current employment world. Nevertheless, anxiety can arise from relationship and family issues. Therefore, individuals must seek help early enough before leading to more severe problems like chronic conditions. These issues alter the health of the patients, hence making it difficult to accomplish or complete their daily tasks.

Works Cited

Tiller, John WG. “Depression and anxiety.” The Medical Journal of Australia 199.6 (2013): S28-S31.

Rehman, Usama, et al. “Depression, anxiety and stress among Indians in times of Covid-19 lockdown.” Community mental health journal 57.1 (2021): 42-48.

Himanshu, Sharmila, and Nutan Deepa Sarkar. “A review of behavioral tests to evaluate different types of anxiety and anti-anxiety effects.” Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience 18.3 (2020): 341.

Fajkowska, Małgorzata, Ewa Domaradzka, and Agata Wytykowska. “Types of anxiety and depression: Theoretical assumptions and development of the Anxiety and Depression Questionnaire.” Frontiers in Psychology 8 (2018): 2376.

Saviola, Francesca, et al. “Trait and state anxiety are mapped differently in the human brain.” Scientific Reports 10.1 (2020): 1-11.

Bandelow, Borwin, Sophie Michaelis, and Dirk Wedekind. “Treatment of anxiety disorders.” Dialogues in clinical neuroscience 19.2 (2017): 93.

Lawrence, Peter J., Kou Murayama, and Cathy Creswell. “Systematic review and meta-analysis: anxiety and depressive disorders in offspring of parents with anxiety disorders.” Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry 58.1 (2019): 46-60.

Visual Culture: Artz & Wrapz Company Evaluation Essay Example


This essay explores the theme of environmental sustainability. Overtime, the environment has been of great concern in many sectors of the global economy. Ensuring environmental safety has been critical to human survival and the sustainability of every business community. Furthermore, this essay focuses on science-based technology, which dwells on car vinyl wrapping. Relating to the Artz and Wrapz technology company, protecting the health of consumers or people and safeguarding the environment has been of great concern forming a critical ethical issue. The company is concerned with car vinyl wrapping, which encompasses designing and artistically pimping cars and other products to feature the visual culture in modern and traditional looks. For instance, through artistic design, the company has been actively producing cars that feature specific visual pictures that represent cultural aspects of society, aimed at evoking certain feelings of imagery in the minds of the consumers.

The ethical issues addressed by this essay include environmental sustainability. This piece elaborates on how Artz and Wrapz Company takes a first-step approach to ensuring environmental sustainability through their efficient programs, such as their ground-breaking pollution prevention pays program that has since 1975 been thriving to date, large scale use of renewable sources of energy, which is facilitated through their RE100 membership and global headquarters operating on 100% renewable electricity implemented since 2001, minimizing their greenhouse gas emissions through developing the products that help their consumers reduce their greenhouse effects.

Also, the paper explores the role of ‘Viewer and Producer’ interacting within the context of the company’s business marketing campaign and clients. Artz & Wrapz company made a twist to make it more desirable to all groups of people by customizing car vinyl wraps for customers’ unique choices. Artz & Wrapz aims at running market awareness this campaign on the social media platforms for weeks alongside sharing fliers with clients and installing banners at strategic places to ensure that customers interact with what is being produced and unveil their interests.

Theme and Ethical Issue

The specific ethical issue relevant to this artistry field is environmental safety and business continuity. While being innovative is vital, it is linked to numerous environmental risks, such as environmental pollution, affecting human life. Since Human health is critical at Artz & Warpz, environmental safety and sustainability are highly prioritized. Some of the key activities in this technology industry include painting and designing. Also, the manufacturing aspect is involved since the shapes and appearances of the cars are modified to look much better. While the artists roll out their sleeves to bring out the best artwork to meet the consumer’s taste, care has t be ensured by fostering the environment’s safety. This way, Artz & Warpz company has the mandate to ensure that the paints used are not contaminating the air, thus free from air pollution. Also, noise pollution is drastically reduced to ensure that people or businesses remain sustainable and operate peacefully.

Artz & Warpz company facilitates environmental sustainability strategy in a number of ways. Firstly, the company is responsible for minimizing environmental pollution through their ground-breaking pollution prevention pays program that has since 1975 been thriving to date. Secondly, Artz & Warpz company have shifted to large scale use of renewable sources of energy, which is facilitated through their RE100 membership and global headquarters operating on 100% renewable electricity implemented since 2019. Moreover, Artz & Warpz strives to minimize their greenhouse gas emissions by developing products that help their consumers reduce their greenhouse effects. Lastly, Artz & Warpz company has capitalized on building and growing the skills-based volunteering programs to achieve their set sustainability goals. Therefore, Artz & Warpz company in the technology space has embraced amicable measures to ensure that the theme of environmental sustainability is well taken care of, with human and environmental safety from pollution being a priority (Grizzell, 2018).

 Car Vinyl Wrapping at Artz & Wrapz Company

Car Vinyl Wrapping at Artz & Wrapz Company

The role of ‘Viewer and Producer’ interact with the company’s business marketing campaign and clients. Since car vinyl wrapping has become prevalent visual culture across the global communities, Artz & Wrapz company has decided to make a twist to make it more desirable to all groups of people. Following the company provisions, customer cars can have a one-off custom vinyl wrap of their choice to make it appear personal and unique (Saab et al., 2021). This brings Artz & Wrapz to a campaign aiming to create awareness of their brand to market the new styles of wrapping cars to exceed the needs of customers who were initially not into the customization idea before. Artz & Wrapz aims at running this campaign on the social media platforms for weeks alongside sharing fliers with clients and installing banners at strategic places to ensure that customers interact with what is being produced and unveil their interests.

What are some business marketing campaign strategies used by Artz & Wrapz that aligns with environmental safety and sustainability? In conclusion, Artz & Wrapz company has an innovative idea for car vinyl wrapping. Since it is a unique and new business, there is a need for creating customer awareness through campaigns to increase its customer base and grow its market share. Moreover, the ‘Viewer and Producer’ aspect needs higher emphasis to enhance effective interaction between the customers and the new products in the market (Penney, 2020, p. 89).

Sustainability Theory and Company Analysis

This essay utilizes the Sustainability theory to place the Artz & Wrapz company in the proper context. In this pretense, sustainability theory describes the societal and economic forms that are lasting and can be depended on to support human life globally (Childers et al., 2014). In this view, a sustainability theory claims for more intergenerational justice and more global justice while at the same time facing the peril of getting out of sight. Therefore, sustainability theory is coined from the enduring or persevere and seeks continuity in a stable and risk-free state (Huhmarniemi and Jokela, 2020, p. 604). Business sustainability is the triple bottom line management in the business industry. This is to say that sustainability is the process whereby companies regulate their risks associated with social, economic, and environmental responsibilities and prospects (Hengst et al., 2020, p. 254). With sustainability in mind, the three common things of great concern include the planet, people, and business profitability. Care has to be made to ensure that while businesses strive to make profits, ethical standards such as environmental conservation and human safety are adhered to.

Furthermore, business sustainability could further mean the capacity to overcome the challenges over time due to the interconnectedness of business entities through social, economic, and environmental systems. A sustainable business can add financial value to human health and better the operating environment. According to Kantabutra and Ketprapakorn (2020), business sustainability progressively exceeds the needs of the present without compromising the capacity of future generations to achieve theirs. In light of Artz & Wrapz Company, its success and sustainability are strongly linked to three macro-level problems: economic challenges, social problems, and environmental problems. The economic issues entail ethical conduct, primarily attributed to respect, accountability, honesty, and integrity (Kantabutra and Ketprapakorn, 2020).

On the other hand, social problems entail the health and safety of people, including their well-being. Lastly, the environmental aspect encompasses climatic change and biodiversity, which aim at protecting the environment from the risk of business activities. Therefore, Artz & Wrapz company can only be termed as sustainable by adding value to the value of life and minimizing the environmental risks in terms of greenhouse effect emissions. Artz & Wrapz company operates in a highly sustainable environment, and besides, it strives to ensure that the environment remains sustainable. This is through their efficient programs, such as their ground-breaking pollution prevention pays program that has since 1975 been thriving to date, large scale use of renewable sources of energy, facilitated through their RE100 membership. Global headquarters are operating on 100% renewable electricity implemented since 2001, minimizing their greenhouse gas emissions through developing the products that help their consumers reduce their greenhouse effects as well, as capitalizing on building and growing the skills-based volunteering programs as a strategy of achieving their set sustainability goals. Some of the benefits that Artz & Wrapz have accrued by adopting sustainability theory include increased environmental safety improvement, increased health and safety standards of the people, and fostering socio-economic and environmental infectiveness for car vinyl wrapping services. I, therefore, conclude that business sustainability is crucial for organizational success. Through proven initiatives, Artz & Wrapz company has entirely focused on business and environmental sustainability to ensure smooth operations and future continuity hence a critical success factor.


The concept of visual culture cannot be overlooked, especially in the artwork industry. Adhering to ethical concerns is imperative for business sustainability. This is to say that environmental safety and sustainability remain a significant concern for business success. The sustainability of a business environment creates room for continuity and profitability. For new businesses like Artz & Wrapz that operate in Car Vinyl Wrapping, creating customer awareness through appropriate channels is a commendable growth strategy that aims at achieving the ‘Viewer and Producer’ in the visual culture. Besides, caring for the environment through minimizing pollution and greenhouse effects is incredible and makes the environment safe for for-profit maximization of companies.


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