AWS Database Service Free Writing Sample

Introduction

Data is a significant resource for any modern firm. Information about clients, operations, commodities, and services is critical not only for day-to-day operations, but also for long-term survival and growth. Successful data storage, security, and retrieval may make all the difference when it comes to offering outstanding customer experiences, optimizing operations, and making informed, proactive decisions. Successful data storage, security, and retrieval may make all the difference in terms of providing exceptional customer experiences, optimizing operations, and making educated, proactive decisions(Narasimhan G, 2018). Given the importance of data and appropriate data management, data management decisions are crucial. Cloud computing users now have more database options than ever before, and Amazon Web Services (AWS) provides several of them(Mukherjee, 2019).

AWS has numerous databases to choose from, making it easier to locate one that meets the business requirements without sacrificing quality—as long as someone first grasp the benefits and drawbacks of each option(Soltys, 2021). When deciding on the ideal database for the project, it is recommended determining the degree of utility expected from the service and then selecting a service based on the capabilities it offers.

Types of Databases supported by AWS

  1. Key-value databases – Key-value databases, often known as non-relational databases, store data via the fundamental key-value mechanism. Individual values within a collection are individually identified using key-value pairs, and each value is recorded as a key-value pair with its matching key(Choi et al., 2018). This works in the same way as a dictionary: the key is the term, and the value is the definition of the term.
  2. In-memory databases – An in-memory database is a type of non-relational database that stores data in memory rather than on disk, allowing queries to perform faster(El-Zoghby & Azer, 2018).
  3. Document databases – Document databases, whether for catalogs or user profiles, or for content management systems such as blogs or streaming video platforms, provide versatile, semi-structured, hierarchical storage for a wide range of applications(Pothecary, 2021b).
  4. Graph databases – Graph databases, as opposed to traditional databases, store data in a web-like format that allows complicated relationships between data to be mapped and searched.
  5. Time series databases – Using time-series databases, it is possible to store and retrieve data points that are linked together by timestamps(El-Zoghby & Azer, 2018).
  6. Ledger databases – Data in ledger databases is organized in tables, and an immutable journal records all data changes, resulting in a blockchain-like record of all data changes(Narasimhan G, 2018).

Amazon Relational databases:

Tables with columns and rows are used to store data in relational databases, with each row representing a single record and each column containing data about that item. Each row contains a distinct identification known as a key. Since the 1970s, relational databases have been the most often utilized type of data warehouse(Narasimhan G, 2018). SQL is a computer language for relational database management systems.

Amazon RDS is the best way to set up and keep up with relational databases in the cloud. Amazon RDS is a cloud database service that lets cloud administrators set up, manage, and grow relational cloud database instances(Amazon RDS Data Service). This service is called Amazon RDS.

People who run Amazon RDS can use a variety of tools to do this, like the AWS Management Console, Amazon RDS API calls, and the AWS Command Line Interface(Amazon RDS Data Service). These APIs are used to make database instances that users can then change. There are a lot of different types of instances that one can choose from, each with a different set of resources. These resources include processor speed, RAM size, storage capacity, and networking options. Each type comes in a variety of sizes to meet the needs of different jobs(Amazon RDS Data Service). To make sure that only people who need access to an RDS database have it, users of AWS Identity and Access Management can set up permissions for the database.

Features of Amazon RDS:

RDS has three main types of storage: in general, solid state drives (SSD) can be used for a lot of different types of data. People who work for Amazon usually store their things in this way. Based on the number of input-output operations per second that can be done at the same time, SSD storage is best for applications that need a lot of I/O(Amazon RDS Data Service). it also uses Magnetic which is a cheaper choice.

Amazon CloudWatch is a service provided by Amazon that helps people keep an eye on data. It tells people how much space and how many times they can use it. Moreover, RDS provides patches that work with any database engine that a user chooses to work with(Amazon RDS Data Service).

RDS also provides backups and allows users to get back to a specific point in time with the help of managed backups that include transaction logs. For databases, users can choose how long they want them to be kept(Amazon RDS Data Service). They can then restore them to any point in time from that time period. In addition, they can take manual snapshots of instances, which will stay in place until the user stops them.

This is what Amazon RDS databases look like.

Amazon RDS instances and the resources they use can be set up, configured, managed, and shut down by a database administrator. An Amazon RDS instance is used to set up the cloud database environment(Amazon RDS Data Service). Administrators can also make a lot of different databases or schemas, depending on what kind of database they’re working with.

Each customer has a maximum of 40 database instances in their Amazon RDS account. There are more rules for AWS-hosted Oracle and SQL Server instances(Amazon RDS Data Service). Many databases have a limit on how many databases a person can use at once.

Amazon RDS database engine.

  1. Amazon Aurora: This is a relational database engine that Amazon Web Services makes and gives away. Amazon Aurora can run the databases MySQL and PostgreSQL.
  2. RDS for MariaDB: RDS for MariaDB is a branch of MySQL that works with MariaDB, which is an open source relational database management system (RDBMS) (Amazon RDS Data Service).
  3. RDS for MySQL: RDS for MySQL is able to work with the open source relational database management system, MySQL(Amazon RDS Data Service).
  4. RDS for Oracle Database: There are a lot of different Oracle Database editions that work with RDS for Oracle Database, like Oracle Database editions and a lot more(Amazon RDS Data Service).
  5. It’s also compatible with the open source PostgreSQL object-RDBMS, so RDS for PostgreSQL is also good for that(Amazon RDS Data Service).
  6. RDS for SQL Server is a relational database management system that works with Microsoft SQL Server (RDBMS(Amazon RDS Data Service)).

Amazon RDS keeps adding support for more and more major and minor database engine versions. The goal of a database instance is to let database managers choose which engine version to use when they start a new database(Mukherjee, 2019).

Amazon RDS applications:

  1. Online retailing: The practice of internet-based retailing is the sale of things via the internet. These programs, which work on massive databases, keep track of inventories, transactions, and pricing(Mukherjee, 2019).
  2. Mobile and online gaming: RDS for online and mobile gaming advantages both developers who must maintain their applications current and customers who demand high application availability(Mukherjee, 2019).
  3. International travel applications. RDS’s ability to automate database replication assists applications like Airbnb by lowering the amount of time spent on time-consuming database administration chores(Amazon RDS Data Service). Additionally, mobile applications such as Airbnb make use of RDS’s scalable storage feature(Soltys, 2021).
  4. Applications for streaming data. Amazon RDS’s storage scalability and availability, for example, enable Netflix to meet daily demand, allowing the firm to grow its operations(Pothecary, 2021).
  5. Financial applications: Finance RDS applications may be employed by these apps, as well as other mobile applications, to streamline administrative database processes and save time and money on the back end(Amazon RDS Data Service).

Amazon Aurora

Amazon Aurora is a database engine that Amazon developed entirely on its own. It contains Amazon Aurora databases, which are Amazon RDS’s database engine and instance management solution. Amazon Aurora Serverless, which is available on the AWS Marketplace, can be used to manage Amazon Aurora instances(Amazon RDS Data Service). Developers no longer have to worry about manually launching servers or checking database capacity thanks to the automated functionalities(Pothecary, 2021). RDS requires manual server scaling, which may result in extended periods of downtime. Aurora Serverless autonomous scaling capabilities allows a speedier deployment with minimal to no downtime, resulting in a more cost-effective solution.

Businesses should carefully weigh the advantages and disadvantages of the two database management techniques. Aurora is a good choice for usecases that suffer unplanned large demand spikes and require more effective capacity adjustment(Narasimhan G, 2018). Because Amazon RDS capacity increases take longer than Aurora Serverless, it is better suited to applications that demand a greater degree of predictability(Narasimhan G, 2018).

Conclusion

Amazon RDS, a relational database management service, enables organizations to conduct activities such as migration, backup, recovery, and patching. Amazon RDS’s replication, high-performance storage, and failure detection capabilities set it apart from other cloud computing services. One of the most alluring features of Amazon RDS is its simplicity of use. Administration of many database instances is easier by the absence of the need for administrators to acquire additional database administration tools. RDS’s capabilities enable organizations to cut costs associated with time-consuming database administration procedures, as well as the hidden costs associated with accessing AWS’ high-performance storage. This article discusses how to keep AWS costs under control.

References

Choi, J., Lian, R., Li, Z., Canis, A., & Anderson, J. (2018). Accelerating memcached on AWS cloud FPGAs. ACM International Conference Proceeding Series. https://doi.org/10.1145/3241793.3241795

Data Types – Amazon RDS Data Service. (n.d.). Retrieved April 8, 2022, from https://docs.aws.amazon.com/rdsdataservice/latest/APIReference/API_Types.html

El-Zoghby, A. M., & Azer, M. A. (2018). Cloud computing privacy issues, challenges and solutions. Proceedings of ICCES 2017 12th International Conference on Computer Engineering and Systems2018Janua(48), 154–160. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICCES.2017.8275295

Mukherjee, S. (2019). Benefits of AWS in Modern Cloud. SSRN Electronic Journal. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3415956

Narasimhan G, L. (2018). EAI Endorsed Transactions Database Migration on Premises to AWS RDS3(1), 1–7.

Pothecary, R. (2021a). Databases. Running Microsoft Workloads on AWS, 81–109. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4842-6628-1_4

Pothecary, R. (2021b). Running Microsoft workloads on AWS : Active Directory, databases, development, and more.

Soltys, M. (2021). Cloudifying the Curriculum with AWS. Proceedings – Frontiers in Education Conference, FIE2021Octob, 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1109/FIE49875.2021.9637242

Balancing Individual Rights With Public Order Writing Sample

Every constitutional reform made is primarily based on human rights. Everyone in the country is considered and presented in the American constitution without bias despite their race, gender, religion, or ethnicity. The court uses the constitution to implement the law. The court ensures that everyone’s rights and freedom are respected as per the American constitution. All legal measures and laws adopted by the state that is not consistent with the constitution are declared null and void by the competent judicial institution of America. The law does protect not only the law-bidders but also lawbreakers and crime victims. For instance, by the early 1990s, every American state had enforced statutory rights for crime victims. Most of these statutory rights were consistent with the American constitution and had constitutional amendments to protect them. Today, all fifty states have established some form of a statutory crime victims’ bill of rights, and twenty-nine have amended their constitutions to include the rights. This paper aims at explaining how the court impacts the individual rights of the victim, offender, and the public.

Impacts of Court on Individual Rights of Victims, Offenders and the Public

Most victims and their families think that the criminal justice system treats them like stepchildren; their concerns and rights are ignored and misunderstood. In most American communities, victims have complained that they have been denied their voice in decisions whenever the defendants are released on bail despite the victim having legit safety concerns (Schmalleger, 2010). To make the matter worse, they are not informed about the release of the defendants. There are also many claims from the victims claiming that they are not informed whenever the court changes its schedule despite having taken off from work, paid for transportation to the court, and having incurred many more expenses like paying for someone to take care of their children. According to the law, a plea agreement provides an efficient means for the criminal justice system to manage overwhelming caseloads (Schmalleger, 2010). However, victims complain that the cases are routinely finalized without their notification, consultation, or input, denying millions of victims their right to be informed about their cases and contribute their input to the justice process. Despite the enactment of the victim impact statement laws in every American state, many victims are complaining of not being informed about sentencing hearing or their right to submit a statement about the emotional, physical, and financial impact of the crime committed (Schmalleger, 2010). To add to the claim list, the victims claim that the courts overlook the devasting financial costs of crimes they undergo. Despite the financial challenges, the courts fail to order restitution or appropriate measures to ensure they get back the lost funds during the justice process.

After going through the commonly reported victim claims, it gave me an insight into how the victims are not noticing the role played by the courts and judges to ensure everyone, including the public, the victim, and the offender, get their right served and respected in a free and fair trial. Judges in the courtroom play a significant role in the daily implementation of the victims’ rights. Judges are responsible for every ruling made in the courtroom that affects the right of every participant. After all, judges are in control of every operation in the courtroom. They ensure every ruling made observes to ensure the rights of the victim, public, and offender are present, identified, heard, and respected. Through the oath they took to serve the American Judiciary, it is their obligation to ensure that the criminal justice process is impartial and fair (Schmalleger, 2010). Therefore, most crime victims complain about special treatments that the judges are not ready to offer since it is against their work ethics. Whatever claims they are making, they are concerns that have been addressed appropriately and justly based on the American constitution and the qualified judges’ fundamental viewpoints regarding human rights. The rulings turn to claims once they are not offered to the crime victims as the expected special treatments. It’s the obligation of the courts and the judges to ensure the rule of law and hold a balance between contradictory and often competing interests of various prosecutions and defenses. They ensure the individual rights of the crime victims, offenders, and public are observed, heard, and respected accordingly.

There are several more principal task force recommendations for the judiciary to ensure the individual rights of the offender, victim, and the public is respected. These include implementing court processes and procedures with sensitivity to the needs of every party in the crime, including making sure that the distinguished waiting areas are availed for defense witnesses and prosecution and allowing witnesses, victims, and offenders to be on call for the justice proceedings (Schmalleger, 2010). The courts also ensure the interests of every party are given the same weight when ruling on requests for continuances. During the proceedings, the defendants are given a chance to defend themselves. Victims are also given a chance to ensure their efforts are present and, where relevant, heard during the important phases of the justice proceedings. The court also understands the effects of the crime on the public and the crime victims and ensures sensitivity to their needs when dealing with the cases. Besides these, many more recommendations have been put in place by the legislative changes at the federal and state level as well as by crime victims’ rights and constitutional amendments in the twenty-nine states of America (Schmalleger, 2010). So far, the judges have recognized and given weight to these changes and recommendations to ensure the individual rights of all parties are heard and honored at a particular phase of the criminal justice process.

Individual Rights versus Public Order

Courts do everything to ensure and maintain a balance between individual rights and public order. When making its ruling, the Supreme Court tries to promote public order while also protecting the rights of an individual. However, maintaining balance is not always easy. It is challenging in some difficult cases that involve issues like gun control legislation, the death penalty, and government collection of metadata. Sometimes, the court is forced to support the extension of individual rights, while at other times, it allows for limits on individual rights in order to promote public order.

Three significant amendments alongside the rule of law have helped maintain a balance between individual rights and public order. These amendments are the second amendment, the fourth amendment, and the eighth amendment. The Second Amendment protects the right to bear arms or guns (Winkler, 2006). The Fourth Amendment protects individual belongings, persons, and homes from unreasonable seizure and search (Sklansky, 2000). The Eighth Amendment protects an individual from excessive fines and bails enforced by the government, or the inflicted unusual and cruel punishments (Berry III, 2013). For instance, in recent years, the Supreme Court has witnessed an increase in death penalty cases, leaving them questioning whether the application of capital punishment will go against the Eighth Amendment’s protection against unusual ad cruel punishments. Over time, the definition of unusual and cruel punishment has changed in American courts. In the most recent cases presented in the courtroom, the Eighth Amendment has prevented the courts and states from issuing the death penalty to defendants who are legally judged and found guilty yet are mentally incompetent or underage (Berry III, 2013). Therefore, implementing the Eighth Amendment in the criminal justice system has significantly helped ensure balance in individual rights.

The discussion over arms ownership and arms control is a great topic of controversy in present America. Some people have urged that the government should prevent gun violence and do more to protect public order. People are proposing that the government pass limiting legislation to prevent access to specific weapons and issue compulsory wait periods. Other people have argued that the government should not interfere with individuals’ right to own a gun. Although the local and state governments are doing everything to increase gun control legislation to protect public order, the Supreme Court is recently ruling supporting the Second Amendment, which protects a person’s right to possess a gun (Winkler, 2006).

The National Security Agency (NSA), alongside the CIA and FBI, have increased their efforts to curb terrorism in the United States since the 9/11 terrorist attack (Schmalleger, 2010). The National Security Agency must carry out surveys to protect and secure national security. They have created a database of digital metadata from major phone companies like Verizon, AT&T, and BellSouth to ensure maximum survey and security. This information was known in 2013 after Edward Snowden, former CIA, disclosed classified information on how the NSA was monitoring phone calls of allied nations’ leaders (Schmalleger, 2010). The disclosure raised a debate question whether the monitoring by the NSA was an example of unreasonable seizure and search. The National Security Agency critics confirmed that the agency had violated the Fourth Amendment since it had no warrant to survey or collect the data and had not disclosed it was carrying out such an operation. The National Security Agency defenders claimed that the agency was executing its duty to ensure safety for everyone, and the frequent need for a warrant to collect data may sometimes delay their operations and their ability to prevent terror attacks. Therefore, the primary role of implementing the Fourth Amendment was to balance public safety and individual protections from unreasonable seizure and search (Sklansky, 2000).

The criminal justice system is doing everything to ensure the individual rights of victims, offenders, and the public are heard and respected. Through judges’ impartial and fair ruling, everyone is getting what they deserve. On the other side, the Second, the Fourth, and the Eighth Amendments work hand in hand to ensure the courts maintain a balance between individual rights and public order.

References

Berry III, W. W. (2013). Eighth Amendment Differentness. Mo. L. Rev.78, 1053.

Schmalleger, F. (2010). Criminal justice: A brief introduction. Pearson/Prentice Hall. 453-478

Sklansky, D. A. (2000). The Fourth Amendment and common law. Colum. L. Rev.100, 1739.

Winkler, A. (2006). Scrutinizing the Second Amendment. Mich. L. Rev.105, 683.

Benefits Of Allowing Pupils To Use Their Cellphones In Class Essay Sample For College

Introduction

Many schools now face a critical policy question: to choose whether or not to ban cell phones from school grounds as they become more commonplace among children and young adults. Whether for or against allowing cell phones in schools, the issue of appropriate use and its effect on students’ behaviour tend to be at the heart of the debate (Kalungu & Thinguri, 2017). Teachers debating whether or not to allow students to use cell phones during class should weigh the advantages and disadvantages of doing so. This paper examines the merits of appropriate time for allowing learners to use cellular phones in school.

Merits of letting the students to Use Mobile Phones

A student’s cell phone comes in handy in an emergency because it allows them to call for help immediately. School shootings, house fires, abductions, and other disasters can be instantly reported to the relevant authorities, allowing them to respond fast (Kalungu & Thinguri, 2017). Trying to find a nearby cellphone, dialing out from the university’s telephone system, and finally getting in touch with authorities can take a lot of time if there aren’t cell phones available.

Parental control over their children’s lives is enhanced by allowing students to bring cell phones. This may be necessary for the event of a family emergency or if a student needs to arrange an alternative way of transportation back to their dorm. The same goes for unwell kids who need a ride home or who need a book or project left at home to be brought to school.

The process of enforcing a smartphone ban can be time-consuming and complicated. Trying to document every instance of a pupil violating the restriction is a waste of time that an instructor should be utilizing to teach students instead (Dargay, 2020. Confrontations with parents may ensue if schools confiscate students’ cell phones, resulting in further administrative bottlenecks that could otherwise be avoided. Thus, acceptance is a time-saving alternative to a ban.

Almost all modern smartphones have a GPS receiver that can tell you where you are. These transmitters can be used to track down the owner of a lost phone, even if the phone is typically used for applications or tracking the phone’s location for roaming assessments. Delinquent kids or students who have mysteriously vanished during school hours can use this to their advantage.

Conclusion

Even though they can be a nuisance, they can also be precious in other situations. Most students participate in after-school activities and would need a phone to reach their parents if they do not have one at school (Saptasagar, 2022). The school believes that modifying its policy on smartphone use is a terrible idea because most universities do not allow students to use their phones in education or class. It’s not ideal when students abuse or neglect the privilege of using phones in class. There are always pupils who misbehave in the classroom, but the university must take action against those who flout the rules.

Recommendations

  1. Using a smartphone, one can get an answer right away. In an open classroom, students may be less likely to seek clarification on an issue they have if they know they can look it up on their smartphones.
  2. Learning may be stepped up if classrooms are equipped with educational apps. There are a wide variety of instructional apps for students of different ages and abilities. These game-like activities foster a sense of rivalry among your pupils and help them learn new concepts in a more fun and effective manner.
  3. Smartphones are easy to use even for the youngest of users. As more pupils learn to use them, they’re quickly overtaking other “tools” in the teen toolbox.

Reference

Dargay, E. A. (2020). How Does The Use Of Technology In The Classroom Impact The Performance Of Students?

Kalungu, J. M., & Thinguri, R. W. (2017). Critical analysis of the impact of modern technology on student’s social relationships in Kenyan schools. European Journal of Education Studies.

Saptasagar, K. A. (2022). Effects of Digital Technology on Adolescents: Pros and Cons. In Impact and Role of Digital Technologies in Adolescent Lives (pp. 19-25). IGI Global.