Balancing Intersectionality And Unity

As a critical framework for comprehending the complex effects of racial and gender-based violence on the lives of oppressed people, intersectionality has acquired much support in social justice advocacy. This strategy highlights the interdependence of different facets of an individual’s identity, highlighting the particular problems encountered by those who belong to numerous oppressed groups. The terrible death of Breonna Taylor, a young black lady, by police during a raid serves as a poignant example of the need to approach social justice work from an intersectional perspective. This essay addresses the profound significance of intersectionality through an in-depth analysis of Breonna Taylor’s life while simultaneously grappling with the criticism that a focus on the intersectionality that is too strong could potentially divert attention from broader social justice initiatives. This essay tries to present a fair viewpoint on the function of intersectionality in pursuing thorough and successful social change by exploring the many facets of her experience and the reactions to her terrible demise. Some contend that concentrating primarily on intersectionality might result in the dilution of more comprehensive social justice efforts, despite the need to acknowledge the urgency of intersectionality in tackling racism and gender-based violence.

Dilution of Focus

Real concerns raised by opponents of an entirely intersectional strategy include the possibility for social justice movements to split up and the potential for attention to be diverted from more critical causes. It is believed that emphasizing intersectionality too much could unintentionally fracture the collaborative effort by compartmentalizing the challenges of diverse oppressed groups. For instance, while acknowledging the significance of taking Breonna Taylor’s identification as a black woman into account, some argue that the central focus should be on problems of police accountability and reform (The Associated Press). The opponents assert that emphasizing racial and gender intersections risked overshadowing the need to address structural issues such as systemic racism and police violence that transcend individual identity facets—focusing on complex connections risks obscuring the bigger picture, highlighting the shared experience of structural injustice among oppressed people.

Additionally, the opponents claim that focusing on intersectionality could unintentionally ignore the shared struggle against racial discrimination and police brutality, which cuts beyond the boundaries of gender and race. Ignoring the common factor of systematic oppression that brings marginalized populations together is possible if the intersectional narrative is given a lot of attention (Office of Public Affairs). According to this perspective, adopting a primarily intersectional perspective could limit the possibilities for broader solidarity and collaboration, weakening the group power required to spark substantial societal change.

Exclusion of Other Marginalized Groups

An alternate response claims that focusing solely on black women’s experiences may unintentionally gloss over the hardships of other marginalized groups. Breonna Taylor’s case is a stark illustration of the widespread problem of police violence, which affects people of all racial origins and genders despite having its roots in the junction of race and gender (BBC). The proponents of this viewpoint contend that putting too much focus on the intersectional lens for black women risks undermining the larger conversation about systematic injustice and police brutality, which affects a broader range of oppressed communities.

There is a chance to push the more significant issues of racial discrimination and power abuse to the side by focusing the discussion on the experiences of a single group. Such a situation might mask the struggles of other disadvantaged identities, which interact with oppressive structures in various ways. While it is critical to highlight the particular difficulties black women confront, it’s also crucial to recognize that these difficulties do not exist in a vacuum but rather in conjunction with more significant systemic issues (Bowman). To ensure that the conversation remains inclusive and considers the complex dimensions of discrimination and inequality that persist across different social and demographic lines, a comprehensive approach that considers a broader range of marginalized experiences within the context of police violence and systemic injustice is necessary.

Division within Movements

Concern has been raised about the possibility of a split within the social justice movement if intersectionality needs to be more emphasized. Detractors claim that continual categorization of identities could unintentionally lead to disagreements about the perceived severity of peoples’ hardships and draw focus away from achieving universal justice and equality. Such internal strife may weaken the collective power of social justice activists and stymie the momentum needed for real change.

Critics assert that by consistently defining different facets of identity, there is a danger of encouraging a situation where conflicting oppression narratives overshadow the common objectives of eradicating structural injustices. Consequently, this can break up the group’s desire for change and lessen the effectiveness of advocacy activities (Waldrop T. et al.). The possibility of conflict about whose perspectives are more critical or whose problems should receive more attention could hinder the vital cooperation needed to address the underlying causes of societal disparities.

Additionally, this counterargument argues that the constant attention paid to analyzing identities may take attention away from the more general problems that affect oppressed people across the board. While it’s essential to recognize the importance of each person’s unique experiences, it’s also crucial to ensure that these realizations are included in a larger framework that aims to bring about systemic change (Office of Public Affairs). Proponents advise striking a balance between acknowledging the complex experiences of different identities and retaining a unified commitment to combating systematic oppression as a collaborative effort to keep a cohesive and effective movement.

Complexity and Accessibility

Although crucial, the idea of intersectionality poses a potential problem because of its intrinsic complexity and difficulty in understanding, which may restrict its applicability and capacity to resonate with a broader audience. For individuals who need to be made aware of the complex interplay of various dimensions of oppression and identity, social justice theories in particular, the complexity can be daunting (Waldrop T. et al.). The movement may accidentally alienate people unfamiliar with the discourse because of the dependence on complex intersectional analyses and specialized academic vocabulary, which ultimately hinders the movement’s ability to win universal support for crucial changes.

Critics claim that a sole focus on intersectionality can result in a gap between those familiar with the theory and those trying to participate but need help understanding its subtleties. This knowledge gap may unintentionally result in a hierarchical structure among social justice movements, as people with more expertise have disproportionate influence over those still figuring out the intricacies (Bowman). The whole goal of social justice initiatives, which should empower everyone, is inclusivity. Therefore, the possibility of exclusion runs counter to that.

The counterargument also emphasizes how focusing on complex intersectional frameworks may obscure the fundamental problems that call for reform. Finding a balance between highlighting the distinctive experiences of excluded groups and communicating the urgency of more comprehensive systemic transformation is crucial as the movement works to build a more just and equitable society. Social justice advocates may create a more welcoming environment for various voices and inspire a larger audience to take effective action by advocating a clear and understandable narrative that incorporates intersectional insights without losing sight of the main aims.


In light of the importance of intersectionality in addressing the unique experiences of black women, it is still critical to strike a balance between highlighting particular difficulties and maintaining a broader perspective on structural problems that affect marginalized communities generally. In the unrelenting quest for social justice, a holistic strategy that incorporates intersectional perspectives and broad structural issues may produce more successful and naturally inclusive results. Activists and advocates can strive to make a more thorough and long-lasting impact by recognizing the distinctive narratives of people who live at the intersections of many identities and the larger societal systems supporting prejudice. This balanced approach considers the wide range of difficulties while aiming to topple the long-standing oppressive structures that negatively impact marginalized groups regardless of unique identification categories.

Works Cited

The Associated Press. “Breonna Taylor’s boyfriend settles Louisville lawsuits over shooting.” NPR, 13 Dec. 2022,

BBC. “Breonna Taylor: U.S. police charged over shooting death.” BBC News, 5 Aug. 2022,

Bowman, E. “4 current and former officers federally charged in raid that killed Breonna Taylor.”, 4 Aug. 2022,

Office of Public Affairs. “Current and former Louisville, Kentucky police officers charged with federal crimes related to death of Breonna Taylor.” U.S. Department of Justice, 4 Aug. 2022,

Waldrop, T., et al. “Breonna Taylor killing: A timeline of the police raid and its aftermath.” CNN, 2022,

Case Study On Boise Automation Canada Ltd.: The Lost Order At Northern Paper

The core of this case study involves Rob Allison, the senior account manager at Boise Automation Canada Ltd., losing a crucial chance to sell an automated control system to Northern Paper Inc., a paper mill found in Rocky Falls, Ontario. Michael (2012) suggests that designing, providing, and installing an automated control system worth $1.2 million for Northern’s wood-chip handling operation represented a priceless opportunity for the company. However, despite offering a highly technical and affordable product, Boise still needs to win the order. Thus, Rob Allison tried to investigate the reasons behind the unfortunate event and find alternative strategies.

What Went Right

Integration of Marketing Theories and Process Development

The combined effort of integrating marketing concepts and methodology is visible in various elements of the situation. First, Boise’s focus on unique products and market leadership is notable since it dedicated efforts to design a cutting-edge product with features such as high-resolution graphics, on-screen help functions, and advanced sensor technology. Michael (2012) opines that the distinctive nature of Boise’s products allowed them to establish a competitive edge and become a top choice for high-calibre automation solutions among consumers. The company’s customer-centric approach stands out as another significant achievement. According to Michael (2012), understanding client wants and desires was crucial to the company’s exceptional standing for consumer satisfaction. Equally, the proposed approach converges with widely accepted marketing concepts emphasizing personalized solutions that align neatly with client needs (Otto et al., 2020). As a direct result, Boise established enduring connections with customers, thereby augmenting their market influence.

Additionally, the carefully organized sales process pursued by Boise contributed significantly to its achievements. Through meticulous client analysis and early conceptualization, Boise developed customized solutions to meet their patrons’ demands. Otto et al. (2020) opine that this method aligns with successful marketing tactics that emphasize providing customers with valuable offers tailored to their requirements while maximizing their profits and securing business opportunities. Also, the strategic market positioning implemented by Boise greatly influenced its accomplishments. Michael (2012) opines that they successfully carved out a distinct identity in the market by positioning themselves as providers of comprehensive turnkey automation solutions with specialized industry knowledge, particularly within the paper-making sector. In addition to addressing the individual needs of diverse customer groups, this method demonstrated the company’s prowess in tailoring customized responses.

Marketing and Operations Strategies for Value-Creation

Boise’s streamlined workflow enabled it to develop an effective profit-generating system. The collaboration between marketing and operations divisions facilitated the company’s remarkable growth and market superiority (Michael 2012). First, Boise prioritizing inventing new offerings underscores the seamless departmental alliance, while implementing innovative tools highlighted their determination to keep up with the latest industry requirements. Otto et al. (2020) suggest that an organization’s concerted effort to align product creation with customer preferences both underscore its capacity to predict market needs and reinforce its industrial standing. Furthermore, the concentration on quality and consistency underscores how marketing and operations are intimately linked in creating worth. Boise’s commitment to using premium materials and guaranteeing system stability in challenging industrial settings appealed to clients seeking trustworthy robotization arrangements (Michael 2012). Thus, the harmonious convergence of marketing intuition and operational execution illustrates how value propositions are crafted to resonate with the intended consumer base.

Additionally, Boise’s focus on catering to clients demonstrates an excellent model for how marketing and operational teams may collaborate to develop a worth-generating mechanism. Michael (2012) suggests prioritizing customer connections and comprehending individualized needs allowed Boise to surpass customer satisfaction. Beyond merely strengthening client allegiance, the result offered possibilities for repeated trade, underscoring the persevering impact of combining marketing strategies with operational proficiency.

What Went Wrong and What Could Be Improved

Certain elements pan out differently than anticipated, providing growth opportunities. According to Michael (2012), early participation could have been much better during the initial stages of the opportunity, with Rob Allison’s decision to wait for the specification to be mailed. Notably, the accounts manager could have taken a proactive approach to inquire about the origins of the request. Rehman & Iqbal (2020) state that poor communication can hinder organizations from being anticipatory and responsive to stakeholders’ needs. Thus, an open-minded perspective might have enabled Boise to fully comprehend the project’s scope and adjust its strategy accordingly. Equally, a notable gap between communication channels became apparent during the opportunity’s evaluation phase. Michael (2012) opines that inefficient communication with Northern Paper led to missed opportunities to propose a more appealing price. This mistake hindered Boise’s capacity to demonstrate its dedication to providing worth, which could impede its ranking in the competitive bid process.

Equally, a challenge arose during the internal deliberation at Boise regarding finding the perfect blend of premium prices and securely booked orders. The contradiction between cutting-edge technology and affordable prices underscores the difficulties of establishing fair pricing. Rehman & Iqbal (2020) opine that harmonized strategies that effectively position products, considering their innovative features and competitive pricing, are crucial. Hence, this initiative could have been developed to align Boise’s offerings with market demands and customer expectations more strategically.

Comparing Marketing Models and Identifying Appropriate Strategy

The case highlights an illustrative instance of a customer-centred marketing strategy adjoining the relationship marketing framework. Michael (2012) claims that Boise’s focus on comprehending client requirements, crafting customized responses, and nurturing partnerships align perfectly with this framework. Despite any reservations about pricing, the internal discussion tends to support the transactional marketing strategy, which prioritizes expedient sales over developing long-term client connections. According to Rehman & Iqbal (2020), organizations should harmonize various marketing models to achieve greater success by emphasizing customer-centred pricing methods. Additionally, the paper production sector’s international marketplace presents opportunities for varied client choices, necessities, and geographic profiles (Michael 2012). However, organizations may improve customer engagement by developing regionalized marketing approaches considering cultural differences and industry standards (Otto et al., 2020). Hence, providing personalized alternatives can broaden the appeal of Boise’s products in multiple sectors.

Theories and Strategies for Continual Improvement

The investigation pinpoints areas that may be enhanced through continued lean production practices. First, Boise may implement efficient manufacturing concepts to eradicate unnecessary expenditures and optimize production workflows through automation system development. According to Alvarado-Ramírez et al. (2018), when organizations practice this strategy, they experience expedited delivery times, diminished expenses, and increased client fulfilment. Likewise, Boise should sustain its commitment to R&D to maintain a leadership position in technology. Alvarado-Ramírez et al. (2018) opine that companies can maintain their edge over rivals while satisfying evolving consumer demands when they focus on agile decision-making and advanced technology. Furthermore, maintaining a responsive feedback channel with clients can enable Boise to collect valuable data for refining its products and creating new innovations.

In conclusion, the case study emphasizes Boise Automation Canada Ltd.’s proficiency in the automation market, displaying both successful integration of marketing concepts and avenues for enhancement. The company’s concentric efforts toward product innovation, customer satisfaction, and organized sales tactics contributed to its unique edge in the market. However, despite initial success, persistent issues with communication, budgetary matters, and neglected prospects signified challenges and potential for growth. Thus, through contrasting marketing methods, accommodating varying customer preferences, and establishing continuous improvement processes, Boise can elevate its competitive posture and prevent future disappointments.


Alvarado-Ramírez, K. M., Pumisacho-Álvaro, V. H., Miguel-Davila, J. Á., & Suárez Barraza, M. F. (2018). Kaizen, a continuous improvement practice in organizations: A comparative study in companies from Mexico and Ecuador. The TQM Journal30(4), 255–268.

Michael, T. (2012). Boise Automation Canada Ltd.: The Lost Order at Northern Paper.

Otto, A. S., Szymanski, D. M., & Varadarajan, R. (2020). Customer satisfaction and firm performance: Insights from over a quarter century of empirical research. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science48, 543–564.

Rehman, U. U., & Iqbal, A. (2020). Nexus of knowledge-oriented leadership, knowledge management, innovation and organizational performance in higher education. Business Process Management Journal26(6), 1731–1758.

Choices In Haiti


A problematic issue impacting Haiti’s humanitarian relief efforts is why local peanuts are more expensive than those imported elsewhere. Humanitarian groups like UNICEF want to buy locally supplied peanuts to manufacture Medika Mamba, a dietary supplement essential for reducing child malnutrition in Haiti and assisting regional farmers (Hasanagic, 2020). However, a significant barrier is posed by the price difference between domestic and imported peanuts. The three leading causes of this price difference will be examined in this essay: agricultural illnesses that contaminate crops with aflatoxin, small-scale production with constrained economies of scale, and a lack of contemporary equipment. We seek to shed light on the challenges humanitarian groups face in their mission to support disadvantaged individuals and local agricultural economies by examining these aspects in greater detail. By doing so, we hope to understand the underlying reasons behind the higher price of local Haitian peanuts.

What circumstances cause local Haitian peanuts to be more expensive than those produced in foreign countries?

Humanitarian aid groups like UNICEF would like to purchase Medika Mamba manufactured using local Haitian peanuts because it would help feed malnourished children and generate income for Haitian farmers. However, the humanitarian aid groups find it more expensive to source local Haitian peanuts than to import peanuts from foreign countries with advanced economies. Three significant circumstances contribute to the costly cost of local Haitian peanuts (Krumwiede et al., 2018). The significant factors include crop diseases that cause aflatoxin contamination, small-scale production that leads to limited economies of scale, and little to no machinery.

Consider how operating leverage and economies of scale affect the cost per kilogram.

Operating leverage is a technique used by firms to compute break-even points and set the right selling price. Operating leverage affects the cost per kilogram of peanut a firm produces by increasing or decreasing. High operating leverage shows that a firm’s total fixed costs of peanuts production are higher than its total variable production costs. Thus, a high operating leverage will increase the cost per kilogram of peanuts because the firm must account for the fixed costs of whether it sells them. In contrast, a low operating cost will cause the cost per kilogram of peanuts to be low because of the decreased fixed costs.

Economies of Scale

Economies of scale affect the cost per kilogram of peanut sold by foreign suppliers and local Haitian farmers. For example, large-scale foreign peanut suppliers, such as peanut farmers in Georgia, achieve economies of scale by producing large quantities per acre. The high production of peanuts by US farmers enables them to spread the total cost of production over more output, causing a reduction in the cost per kilogram of peanut produced. In contrast, small-scale producers of peanuts, such as local Haitian farmers, need more economies of scale. The small-scale production of peanuts by local Haitian farmers is due to the high cost of fertilizer and lack of farm equipment (Krumwiede et al., 2018). The small-scale production of peanuts causes the Haitian farmers to spread the total cost of production over a small output, causing the cost per kilogram to be higher than the cost per kilogram produced by large-scale farmers in the US.

How could cost-accounting information, such as break-even and target profit analysis, help Haitian farmers like Samuel Hilaire be more profitable? (3 examples)

Samuel Hilaire is among many farmers struggling to profit from their peanut farming. However, Samuel Hilaire and other Haitian farmers can utilize cost-accounting knowledge and information such as break-even and target profit analysis to become more profitable in various ways.

For example, Hilaire can utilize break-even knowledge to determine the average amount of sales required to make profits and his average production costs. Hilaire should use the break-even information, including the selling price at the market, which is $0.61 per kg, to determine the average number of sales he should have and the average cost of production.

Hilaire’s cost of production includes:

  1. Rent at $100 x 10 months= $1000
  2. labor $830


Number of kg multiplied by market price per kg

3000 kg x $0.61=$1830

The break-even point is when Hilaire makes a revenue of $1830

Therefore, Hilaire would be required to make sales worth more than $1830 to make a profit.

The second way the break-even information could help Hilaire would be by determining the quantity of peanuts sold. The above calculation shows that the minimum quantity of peanut Hilaire should produce is 3000kg. It shows that he must increase the quantity of peanuts produced to more than 3000kg to make a profit.

The third way cost-accounting information, such as target profit analysis, can help farmers, such as Hilaire, be more profitable. The target profit analysis can help the farmers determine the profit they should make during a specific period and the sales volume. For example, let us assume Hilaire’s target profit in a certain period is $5000, and the total costs are $ 1830. The target profit analysis will help him to determine the quantity of peanuts to produce.

The target profit equation should be:

Sp x Q=T.C + TP where S.p is selling price, Q is quantity, TC is total cost, and TP is target profit.


$0.61x Q=$1830 + $5000



Q=9557 kg.

Therefore, Hilaire must produce 9557 kg of peanuts for him to make a profit of $5000

A Quantitative Cost-Benefit Analysis Of Purchasing Local Peanuts Rather Than Foreign Peanuts.

A quantitative cost-benefit analysis of buying local peanuts rather than foreign peanuts allows the identification of measurable costs and benefits associated with buying peanuts from local farmers. The measurable cost of buying local peanuts rather than foreign peanuts includes the $ 3.2 million worth of a new factory, the labor cost to cover 200 workers, and three more working in HHC’s agricultural assistance program.

The measurable benefits of buying peanuts from the Haitian farmers include that the decision enabled HHC to feed 80000 children annually due to the increased production of Medika Mamba, which ranges between 5000-8000 kg per week.

Qualitative costs and benefits, such as those affecting local farmers,

There are various qualitative costs of buying local peanuts rather than sourcing from foreign suppliers, affecting local farmers. One of the qualitative costs includes that HHC must test every batch of peanuts produced by the local farmers to ensure it is not contaminated with aflatoxin. The second qualitative cost of buying local peanuts is that the yields of local peanuts are lower than those produced in foreign countries.

Sourcing peanuts from local farmers is also characterized by various qualitative benefits. The qualitative benefits of buying peanuts from Haitian farmers include generating income for the local farmers by employing three hundred Haitian farmers. The sourcing of local peanuts has also created a market for the Haitian peanuts. Other qualitative benefits of buying local peanuts include making HHC the supplier of peanuts to aid groups such as the World Food Program and UNICEF.

The types of financial and non-financial information would help HHC lower its costs and still achieve its mission.

HHC can rely on certain financial and non-financial information to reduce costs and achieve its mission. The organization can utilize financial information, such as sourcing peanuts from cheap foreign suppliers or empowering Haitian farmers to produce more local peanuts, to help save on cost and save the lives of malnourished Haitian children from starvation and stunted development (Krumwiede et al., 2018). HHC can also utilize non-financial information, such as sponsorship from aid organizations, such as UNICEF, to lower the cost of producing Medika Mamba.

How can cost accounting help HHC meet its objectives?

Cost accounting information can help HHC meet its objectives in various ways. HHC can use cost accounting to determine the best costing system to help monitor the revenues and expenses in manufacturing Medika Mamba and distributing them to malnourished children. HHC can utilize cost accounting information to determine critical measures of performance, such as cost performance-based measures. An example of a cost performance measure HHC uses would be cost per kilogram of peanuts. The organization can also use cost accounting information to determine the financial and non-financial impacts of using local peanuts. HHC can determine the financial impacts of using local peanuts, including generating income for Haitian farmers and creating a market for the local peanuts. HHC’s non-financial impact of using local peanuts would be an improved reputation and an excellent corporate image.

Financial and non-financial measures that HHC needs to provide to donors to show how they are helping the people of Haiti

Financial and non-financial measures are essential factors that HHC should provide to donors to show how it is helping Haitians. The financial measures encompass the various measures of financial performance of HHC (Mikeladze, 2021). The financial measures can be derived from HHC’s financial statements. They can be provided to donors to help them determine the share of resources allocated to charitable objectives or the average amount of donation spent on needy Haitians.

The financial measures include the debt-equity ratio and program expense ratio. The debt-equity ratio is a financial measure on the balance sheet that shows total liabilities concerning shareholder equity. The debt-equity ratio measures the relationship between borrowed funds and total donations received by HHC. HHC’s debt-equity ratio should always be less than one for it to afford to help more Haitian people (Mitchell & Calabrese, 2019). A debt ratio greater than 1 shows that HHC has more liabilities than donations, and thus, it would not manage to help more Haitians. The second financial measure HHC should provide donors to show how it is helping the Haitians is program expense over total expenditure ratio. The program expense ratio would enable the donors to compare the direct costs of charitable activities incurred by HHC to total expenses. The financial measure would allow donors to determine how efficient HHC is in fulfilling its mission of feeding malnourished children and supporting local farmers.

Donors can rely on the financial measure to understand the amount of cash HHC might spend on purchasing peanuts needed to manufacture Medika Mamba and the cost of distributing the Medika Mamba to malnourished children. HHC can also use the program expense ratio to show donors the amount of cash spent on supporting Haitian farmers (Mikeladze, 2021). Examples of costs of supporting Haitian farmers include purchasing small tractors required by local farmers to clear the farms and pesticides to help prevent fungal diseases.

On the other hand, HHC can use the program ratio to show donors the total expenditure of its other activities that support charitable activities, which benefit malnourished children and local farmers (Mikeladze, 2021). The total expenditure of HHC activities would include expenses on administration and management or fundraising activities conducted by the organization.

Additionally, HHC should provide non-financial measures to donors to show how it is helping the people of Haiti. The non-financial measures include recorded information about the Haitians who have received food aid. The organization should provide information, such as the number of children and their specific ages, who benefitted from Medika Mamba peanut butter treatment last year (Low et al., 2020). HHC can also provide the percentage of children on Medika Mamba who have recovered within six weeks of treatment.

What performance measures must HHC provide to UNICEF to help it achieve its goals and increase its purchases of RUTF made with local peanuts?

Humanitarian aid groups and donors, such as UNICEF, are crucial in funding HHC. However, HHC should provide UNICEF with specific performance measures to help it achieve its goals and increase its purchases of RUTF manufactured with local peanuts. The performance measures used by HHC could include its mission, food quality, performance goals, and short-term versus long-term costs. HHC could provide UNICEF with its mission statement: to provide RUTF, especially Medika Mamba, to malnourished Haiti children to save them from stunted growth and starvation.

The company mission would enable UNICEF to determine HHC’s purpose or its cause, its action plan, and the impacts of the HHC’s action. The HHC’s mission statement shows its purpose is to fight for the lives of malnourished Haiti’s children. The HHC’s mission would also help UNICEF to determine the specific action plan HHC intends to undertake to achieve its purpose (Krumwiede et al., 2018). The HHC’s mission shows that the organization’s action plan is to feed and treat malnourished children using RUTF peanut butter medicine. The HHC’s mission would allow UNICEF to determine the impacts of the HHC’s action: to save the malnourished children’s lives and help them grow healthy.

HHC could also provide UNICEF with food quality as a performance for it to achieve its goals and increase its purchases of RUTF made with local peanuts. HHC could provide UNICEF with details about the quality of RUTF peanut butter medicine it feeds the malnourished Haitian children. According to HHC, RUTF, especially the Medika Mamba, is a high-quality peanut- medicine that contains roasted peanuts, sugar, powdered milk, cooking oil, minerals, and vitamins (Aboramadan et al., 2021). The high-quality Medika Mamba is more effective in treating malnourished Haitian children than older milk-based treatment, considering 85% of recovery among children.

The food quality would enable UNICEF to determine the effectiveness of RUTF in treating malnourished Haitian children. Once UNICEF determines that the RUTF peanut butter medicine is high quality, it will be convinced to support HHC to save the lives of malnourished Haitian children (Krumwiede et al., 2018). High food quality would also convince UNICEF to support HHC with a significant amount of finance that would enable HHC to increase its purchase of RUTF manufactured with Haitian peanuts.

The third performance measure HHC can provide UNICEF to help it achieve its goals and increase its purchases of RUTF made with Haitian peanuts is performance goals. HHC’s Performance goals include helping the needy Haitian children fight malnutrition and helping the Haitian farmers generate income. HHC should provide UNICEF with details of the Haitian children who have benefitted from RUTF, especially Medika Mamba, given to treat malnutrition.

HHC should also provide UNICEF with details showing how it has helped Haitian farmers generate income from peanut farming. The organization should disclose its contributions to local peanut farming, such as purchasing a tractor and pesticides to help fight fungal diseases causing aflatoxin in peanuts (Krumwiede et al., 2018). HHC should disclose to UNICEF that its contribution to local peanut farming has enabled Haitian farmers to increase the peanut yield by two times what they had a few years ago and lower the cost per kilogram of local peanuts in the market. The disclosure would provide UNICEF with reliable information to help finance the HHC’s budget and plans to help farmers grow the amount of peanuts needed to make Medika Mamba.

The best way to help the people of Haiti

Urgent interventions are needed to help the country and the people of Haiti develop and live quality lives. The interventions should aim at eliminating poverty among the Haitians. Various macroeconomic, microeconomic, and ethical implications should be considered when deciding how to help Haiti and its people. For example, HHC should persuade UNICEF to think of more long-term solutions. HHC should persuade UNICEF to help it develop nutrition programs as a preventive measure against all forms of malnutrition affecting Haitian children. The nutrition programs would help HHC to prevent malnutrition by enhancing Haitian children’s access to affordable, nutritious, sustainable, and safe diets.

Another intervention HHC should consider to help the country of Haiti and Haitians would be to expand its capacity to produce more Medika Mamba in Haiti. HHC should increase the production of Medika Mamba by establishing additional factories equipped with modern production equipment (Krumwiede et al., 2018). The additional factories would allow HHC to produce more kilograms of Medika Mamba and create more employment for the Haitians. The additional factory would also create additional markets for the local peanuts, allowing farmers to sell large quantities.

The third way HHC should consider helping Haiti and its people is to reduce the food aid provided to Haitians and provide more non-food aid. HHC should reduce the food aid to Haitians by supporting Haitian farmers to grow crops on their fertile soils (Hasanagic, 2020). HHC can support farmers by providing them with machinery, fertilizers, crops, and agricultural information needed to grow quality crops in their farms. Increased food production in Haiti would reduce the amount of imported food aid to Haiti.

HHC should also consider helping Haiti and Haitians provide more non-food aid. HHC should partner with other UN agencies, such as WHO and OPAD. HHC’s partnership with WHO would enable it to promote the health of Haitians using science-based programs and policies. A partnership with OPAD would enable HHC to implement poverty eradication projects in Haiti (Hasanagic, 2020). Examples of poverty eradication projects in Haiti would include economic development, education, and income distribution projects aimed at improving Haitians’ income and sources of life (Hasanagic, 2020).


In conclusion, the price difference between domestic peanuts produced in Haiti and those imported from other nations is a substantial challenge for aid agencies like UNICEF. The contamination of crops by aflatoxin owing to crop diseases, small-scale production’s constrained economies of scale, and a lack of contemporary machinery are all factors in the higher price of local peanuts. Cost-accounting data, such as break-even and target profit analyses, can be crucial in addressing this problem and assisting Haitian farmers like Samuel Hilaire. Farmers can increase profitability using these tools to evaluate the best production quantities, costs, and profit margins. Additionally, a quantitative cost-benefit analysis of choosing domestic peanuts over imported ones can offer a thorough understanding of the economic effects of such choices. In order to accomplish their goals, organizations like HHC must show donors and stakeholders both financial and non-financial indicators of their effectiveness in assisting the Haitian people. To solve the complex problems facing Haiti and its people, it is crucial to consider short-term and long-term measures, such as fostering local agriculture, increasing production capability, and transitioning toward non-food aid efforts.


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