Barrack Obama’s Speech On The Oil Spill Crisis Free Sample

After the oil spill, the US government looked at the situation from a different angle, which is inclusive of cleaning the Gulf, compensation of the affected, and also the dividends of the shareholders. The issue is considered in three dimensions; positioning BP to the point of coming to terms with compensating those affected like the fishermen, small business owners, and oil workers. The United States president Barrack Obama after four trips to the Gulf’s coast analyzed the BP’s response as not fully satisfactory. This increased desperation among the politicians and the residents. Therefore the activity called for the release of a presidential command (Calmes 1).

In the midst of all the disappointment among the leaders, they blamed Barrack Obama’s administration for lack of involvement in the leadership of the BP because they have not well overseen the company. The Republicans have had a varied effort to those of the BP in limiting the oil gusher from the Gulf of Mexico. They have also majored in analyzing the failures of BP and also comparing BP with other rigs that operate at the Gulf. In their view, all the companies drilling oil in the Gulf ought to give very good plans on how they are going to implement.

In his speech, Obama never promised to offer real help to the people of the Gulf. He also never gave a specific plan of action, which people thought they were banality. President Barrack Obama, in his oval office address, looked at what was already done and what is in a plan to be done. Though this is claimed as a way of propelling his political agenda, it ought to be rebuked for taking an example of the war in Iraq to out-rule this motive.

It is unfortunate that the speech has been thought not to address the gusher spillage and those who are saying it won’t have an idea of how to deal with this disaster. There is absolutely now one with an idea of how to contain the spill. Putting in mind that the drills are in the sea or under the water, it is a complicated activity to think of. Though people are politically inclining the ideas that are offered by the government, they themselves have no idea of how to help the nation at large.

The oil spill has claimed a lot of aquatic life and also their residential areas. Replacing, in any case, may not be the solution but rescuing and also helping replenish the coastal plant cover. President Barrack urges the fishermen to patrol the shores and rescue the aquatic animals. Having found no other appropriate way of rescuing animal life in the Gulf of Mexico, the government can only work with the fishermen, the people who understand the Gulf better in terms of the aquatic life found. The disorientation of these fishermen means a big impact negatively on the economy of the nation and the people who draw their livelihood from the Gulf.

The idea from the president of first suspending the dividends is more practical for the company must first of all have to meet the expenses of handling the crisis before giving its shareholders the dividends. This is because we cannot first deal with those out of the disaster, adding them more comfort and money while those involved and part of the disaster are suffering (Crouere 1).

The oil spillage has been a sudden occurrence, no strategies were put in place in its regulation. This results in a trial and error way of fixing out the problem. Therefore this gives every individual an opportunity to give ideas that can be able to offer a solution. The fact that the president, with all the advice from experts in that area, may not be able to offer exactly what the citizens demand. This is because, considering the nature of the problem, it is huge and complicated. Having put effort and so far, no much achieved, makes the situation more difficult and may even move out of their hands. For example, imagine that after two months of cleanup, the spillage has increased 60 times calls for more qualified individuals to deal with the problem (Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 1).

The president’s speech raised several issues that are diverse. The restoration plan for pay to most people amounted to nothing; hence was thought of as a way to gain political mileage. The government view through the president of looking for alternative sources of energy is important considering the risks involved with drilling of oil form the gulf. But to the government perpetuators it was not adding any value and it was only an ideology for political gain and this was well backed up by the BP.

The president gave few options which were incorporative of the whole plan of dealing with the situation like he handled the health care department. This made America and the whole world at large understand that he was in the pain and taking charge of the situation (Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 1).

In contrast, he talked about the high taxes on energy and the energy bill that regulates the oil trade and the drilling of oil. The president’s speech did not more specifically handle the problems of the people at Louisiana instead it cost them their jobs. The moratorium issued by the president is detrimental in that if the oil drillers are going to loose approximately one hundred and fifty thousands well paying jobs. The president of Charlotte claims they are going to be put under unemployment which is in deed a plot to finish Louisiana completely. Therefore it portrays no good will of recovery of the economy of these people and their land it can be termed as total destruction.

Implementation of this ban means loss of very resourceful people in the nation. This is because the shallow water or onshore oil drilling has a lot of environmental regulations that are oppressive. This may cause the population that rely on the oil industry move on to more friendly nations to serve and work there. The resident of Louisiana feel that president Obama’s response was not satisfactory and they disapprove it. They were not also satisfied with foreign ship been allowed to clean they gulf hence felt there was an act that was been neglected (Crouere 2).

President Obama also never provided answers to the bureaucracies that have hindered the leaders from dealing with the threat of oil spillage. Only the leaders who have taken action despite the threat like the construction of the sand barriers through the Louisiana National Guard.

The residents now lose their confidence on relying on the government for help but they feel they ought to do it their own way. They claim depending on Obama’s administration that they step to total failure. The clean up process having been ongoing for almost two months now, it is unfortunate that the barrels of oil being released have rapidly increased to almost 60 times when it started. The residents therefore feel instead of the government denying them access to Gulf they should allow them to deal with the menace (Crouere 2).

Critics have it that lack of quick decision making has threatened the ability of the government to deal with the oil spillage crisis. The reluctance of the President to take decisive action has delayed the answer to the oil spill crisis. To date there is no demarcation of a clear plot of how to deal with the emergency. This has worsened the situation at the marshes which are dying and the residents are growing more and more desperate (Crouere 2).

Works Cited

Calmes Jackie. Obama Plans First Oval Office Speech to Put Pressure on BP. New York: the New York Times Company, 2010. Web.

Crouere Jeff. Obama is Kicking Louisiana’s Ass. New Orleans:, 2010. Web.

Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Energy future: The president uses the BP spill as a call to Arms. New York: PG Publishing Co., Inc, 2010. Web.

The Availability Heuristic Concept


Throughout life, people tend to draw on their experiences in order to better understand a situation or enhance their achievement in some field. Such experiences are called biases or heuristics, and scholars differ in their opinions of whether these are good or bad. The target example for the paper involves the availability heuristic presented in the lecture: the assumption that issues easily brought to mind are more probable.

What is not clearly understood about the target example is why vivid problems and emotional reactions are easier to bring to memory. The base example is an analysis of the probability of certain happenings with the help of environment and experience (Davies). The transfer of knowledge from the base example to the target will promote understanding of people’s tendency toward establishing biases or making assumptions.

Main body

As Davies remarks, observation of the environment previously served as a basis for predictions and judgments long before statistics were invented. However, even at the present time, people have not fixed on using biases to evaluate probability. A person who repeatedly notices some object or event will tend to think that it is more probable and common. Then, to gauge the frequency of observation, a person may evaluate how easily the subject is brought to mind.

In cognitive psychological terms, the individual needs to assess how available an idea is in his or her mind; thus, the availability heuristic is deployed. The mechanisms of the brain responsible for warning individuals about danger work quickly. However, given a choice, it is more likely for a person to choose confirmatory data than to search for reasons to discredit assumptions (Swart, Chisholm, & Brown, 2015). Therefore, the availability heuristic can explain choices made with the help of sensory perception.

However, reasoning may work differently, depending on whether the individual evaluates his or her own experience or that of others. As Davies mentions in his book, it is possible for a person to recollect not only his or her own experiences but also those reported by other individuals. With the help of communication technology, it has become possible not only to read about events but also to see them on the Internet or on television.

Davies emphasizes that because of the relatively short existence of video recording, people have not developed any lie filters for it. Thus, most people watching online news reports tend to believe that the events they are observing are taking place straight before their eyes. Along with news issues, social media platforms play a significant role in shaping people’s views of situations (Imran, Castillo, Diaz, & Vieweg, 2015). Therefore, a combination of the availability heuristic and mass media communication can lead to a misinterpreted vision of the world.

Davies emphasizes that people’s predisposition to overestimate the likelihood of certain negative events is closely related to the availability heuristic. For example, the more that negative statistics are shown on the news, the more likely people are to believe they are at risk of being impacted by the reported negative phenomenon. Davies provides an example of how women in their forties exaggerate the probability of having breast cancer due to the numerous news reports about this disease.

Research by McDowell, Occhipinti, and Chambers (2013) indicates the same concerns in the case of men and their risk of prostate cancer. Such factors as family history and social environment can have a profound effect on people. Also, as Davies observes, it is easier for individuals to remember emotional subjects. Thus, the availability heuristic makes people focus on negative ideas and attribute these occurrences to themselves even if, in fact, the probability of having some disease or getting in an accident is relatively low.

Another aspect of the transfer of knowledge from base to target example concerns people’s perceptions of news items, particularly those that discuss such negative issues as pollution and crime. Davies notes that the major problem here lies in the spirit of competitiveness that exists among different news channels. Because people prefer to hear and watch fascinating stories, news programs are motivated to cover compelling dramatic issues rather than uninteresting realistic ones.

As Davies remarks, modern news issues must compete not only with other news but also with different kinds of media that have the sole purpose of entertainment. Thus, the base example argues that practically no difference exists between reading or watching the news and reading a book or watching a film. On a related note, research by Taylor, de Bruin, and Dessai (2014) indicates that people’s perceptions of natural disasters and weather-related changes are also affected by the availability heuristic. Therefore, individuals’ experiences are not the only ways of perceiving a situation since the media and the environment play an important role in the formation of their perceptions.

Proceeding with his analysis of the availability heuristic and its role in shaping people’s assumptions, Davies asserts that the description of uncommon events in the news causes individuals to believe that such happenings are common. Moreover, the more scary or dramatic the information, the more likely a viewer will be to think that these types of occurrences are frequent. When news is emotionally charged, or when it depicts cruelty, it is easier to remember.

As a consequence, an individual will assume that such events are not rare and will therefore live in fear of them happening. Moser et al. (2015) remark that after a person witnesses an emotionally charged interaction, he or she is likely to perceive the danger of assault. This observation is supported in the base example: Davies mentions that cruelty and sex render news more exciting and memorable. Thus, when such stories are reflected in the media, the availability heuristic causes people to consider these events to be common. In turn, individuals are eager to learn more about the news, and this leads to viewers’ growing accustomed to such events. Later, the media will come to invent another sensation to excite and scare people again.


The availability heuristic is an important concept that, when understood, helps to explain people’s tendencies to believe. The target example in this paper was the concept of the availability heuristic as depicted in the lecture. The base example was the analysis Davies provided in his book regarding the concept. The transfer of knowledge from the base to the target example was focused on the aim of explaining why emotionally charged subjects are easier to bring to memory. The data found in the base example, as well as in additional resources, helped to explain why individuals tend to pay more attention to negative ideas and how they gradually start to perceive such events and actions as habitual.


Imran, M., Castillo, C., Diaz, F., & Vieweg, S. (2015). Processing social media messages in mass emergency. ACM Computing Surveys, 47(4), 1-38.

McDowell, M. E., Occhipinti, S., & Chambers, S. K. (2013). The influence of family history on cognitive heuristics, risk perceptions, and prostate cancer screening behavior. Health Psychology, 32(11), 1158-1169.

Moser, D. A., Aue, T., Suardi, F., Kutlikova, H., Cordero, M. I., Rossignol, A. S., … Schechter, D. S. (2015). Violence-related PTSD and neural activation when seeing emotionally charged male–female interactions. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 10(5), 645-653.

Swart, T., Chisholm, K., & Brown, P. (2015). Neuroscience for leadership: Harnessing the brain gain advantage. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.

Taylor, A., de Bruin, W. B., & Dessai, S. (2014). Climate change beliefs and perceptions of weather-related changes in the United Kingdom. Risk Analysis, 34(11), 1995-2004.

Waste Management And Recycling In Poor Communities

Environmental justice concerns: The location of hazardous waste facilities in poor communities

The research title of the study is made purposely to explore hazardous waste facilities the poor communities face through investigating or examining the disposal of both solid and liquid wastes and their related impacts on the environment. The study will focus on government decisions to put up waste facilities in communities that are considered poor. The poor communities in the study would refer to rural areas.

Background of the study

Waste facilities are structures or infrastructures that are considered critical or important in waste management that entails processes such as collecting, transporting, disposal, and recycling of waste materials or products. Every nation in the world has a vital department that is concerned with waste management. The goal of such a department is to reduce the impacts of waste materials or products on the environment and health in general. Waste management varies from one nation to another based on the level of development. Many nations put up their waste management facilities in poor communities (rural areas) because people are highly concentrated in urban areas than in rural areas (Bilitewski, Hardtle & Marek, 1997).

Objectives of the Study

The main purpose of this research will be to carry out research on the liquid and solid management in rural or poor communities and to evaluate how the exercise will affect the environment and health. The study will examine the role played by both the government and people in the waste management process.

Research Plan

The research will use an appropriate approach with an aim of obtaining succinct information or data responsible for the research. The research will embark on the use of questionnaires to gather data from the target society.

The expected outcomes

The research will constitute five chapters whereby chapter one will comprise of an introduction, hypothesis, problem statement, and the significance of the study. Chapter two entails the relevance of the study (Literature review), review of analytical literature, and summary. The third chapter consists of research design, sample design, and data collection methodology. The fourth chapter will encompass the presentation of findings and a summary of data analysis. Chapter five which is the final chapter will consist of a summary of findings, conclusion/recommendation, and suggestions for further studies.


Baud, A. S., Post, J. & Furedy. C. (2004). Solid waste management and recycling: actors, partnerships, and policies in Hyderabad, India, and Nairobi, Kenya. London: Springer.

Bilitewski, B., Hardtle, G & Marek, K. (1997). Waste management. London: Springer.

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