Biografy Of Walt Disney Sample Essay

When it comes to animated cartoons, “Walt Disney” is the first name that comes to mind. He is widely recognized as the most popular and well-known animator worldwide. Despite encountering early career obstacles, Walt Disney demonstrated determination and business acumen. His hard work and entrepreneurial spirit led to the creation of Mickey Mouse, who remains the beloved cartoon character in the world. As an animator and owner of Disney Corporation, Walt Disney has left a lasting impact on history from past to present times. This discussion will explore his chronological significance in life and examine the influences he has had.

Walter Elias Disney, born on December 5th, 1901 in Chicago, Illinois, was the fourth child of Elias and Flora Disney. During his childhood, the family often moved due to his father’s various occupations such as farming, business, orange growing, and carpentry. Despite being young, all family members were required to work relentlessly for Elias without any payment.

During his childhood, Walt developed a love for drawing while living on his father’s farm in Marceline, Missouri. However, in 1910, the family decided to move to Kansas City where Walt continued pursuing his passion by taking art classes at the Kansas City Art Institute. Eventually, in 1917 they returned to Chicago.

After volunteering for the Red Cross in Chicago and serving as an ambulance driver in France during World War I, Walt Disney decided to pursue art professionally upon his return to the United States in 1919. He then joined the Kansas City Film Advertising Company, where he worked on animation alongside Ubbe Iwerks. Together, they gained enough knowledge and skill to start their own venture, Laugh-O-Gram Films.

The company created cartoons that mocked local issues and scandals, and these cartoons were successful enough to encourage Walt and Iwerks to start their own business. However, Walt quickly lost interest in the Laugh-O-Grams. He had a new concept to explore, which involved illustrating modernized fairy tales through a series of cartoons. Although the cartoons produced by him and Iwerks were decent, Walt never received any payment for his films. Subsequently, Walt embarked on a new venture: a series of humorous stories featuring a girl actress and animated characters, titled “Alice’s Wonderland.”

Despite the scarcity of money, he was able to produce a pilot film for the Alice series using the little funds he had. Believing that Kansas City did not offer significant financial opportunities, he made the decision to relocate to California. In 1923, Walt Disney moved to California and collaborated with his brother Roy Disney and colleague Ubbe Iwerks to establish Walt Disney Production. Following five years of creating silent cartoons, he achieved a milestone by producing “SteamBoat Willie,” which was the first cartoon to incorporate synchronized sound1.

Walt Disney animated Mickey Mouse in a cartoon using his own voice in 1928. In 1929, he established the film series “Silly Symphonies,” and introduced color in 1932. Disney then created full-color cartoons like “Three Little Pigs” and “The Tortoise and the Hare,” both of which won academy awards. Throughout the 1930s, Walt Disney became famous for creating iconic characters including Mickey Mouse, Donald Duck, Pluto, Minnie Mouse, and Goofy. These beloved characters appeared not only in cartoons but also on licensed merchandise by Disney Production.

The Walt Disney Production Studio revolutionized the film industry by creating the world’s first animated feature film, “Snow White and Seven Dwarfs,” in 1937. They continued their success with the releases of “Pinocchio” and “Fantasia” in 1940, followed by “Dumbo” in 1941 and “Bambi” in 1942. In addition to these beloved films, they also ventured into a unique combination of cartoon characters and live actors with their release of “Song of the South” in 1946. All of these cinematic creations achieved tremendous popularity among audiences.

Furthermore, during World War II, The Walt Disney Production Studio demonstrated their patriotism by producing military insignias and training films for the United States armed forces.

After the war, Walt Disney continued making animated films like “Alice in Wonderland” (1951), “Peter Pan” (1953), and “The Jungle Book” (1967). He also explored live-action filmmaking with “Treasure Island” (1950) and “20,000 Leagues Under the Sea” (1954). Remarkably innovative, he opened Disneyland in Anaheim, California in 1955. The park aimed to create a clean and friendly environment for families while providing exciting rides and attractions.

In the United States and possibly the world, Disneyland eventually became a top tourist attraction. Disney introduced new attractions to Disneyland and created family-friendly films, leading to its popularity. In 1964, his greatest filmmaking accomplishment was “Mary Poppins,” for which Disney received multiple Academy Awards due to his innovative ideas and advancements in film.

Walt Disney revolutionized feature films for television through various platforms. Notably, his weekly series “The Mickey Mouse Club (1955-59)” and the long-running “Walt Disney’s Wonderful World of Color” highlighted some of these films across its 29 seasons. Moreover, Disney developed exclusive shows for the New York World’s Fair in 1964, where he presented his beloved Audio-Animatronics figures in iconic attractions such as “It’s a Small World” and “Great Moments with Mr. Lincoln.”

The incredibly realistic portrayal of Abraham Lincoln, who spoke lines from his speeches, never failed to astonish those attending the fair. Walt Disney never stopped working. Even in his final moments on December 15th, 1966, he was envisioning the creation of a brand new Walt Disney World vacation kingdom in Florida, as well as EPCOT—a experimental prototype community of tomorrow. This amusement area is composed of a display area imitating various foreign cities, arranged in a fan-like formation around a lagoon.

The world of the future, on the other side of water, is dominated by a 180-foot geodesic sphere and Spaceship Earth. Surrounding the sphere, there are several pavilions that contain entertaining displays showcasing future possibilities in various fields such as energy, transportation, agriculture, mariculture, and technology. Spaceship Earth focuses on providing information and communications spanning from dinosaur time to the 21st century. In summary, Walter Elias Disney was an innovative and influential figure who made numerous movies and cartoons that played a significant role in shaping children’s lives.

Margaret Atwood Biography

Novelist, poet, short story writer, critic, teacher, and feminist Margaret Eleanor Atwood was born on November 18, 1939 in Ottawa, Ontario. She was the second child of Carl Edmond and Margaret Dorothy Killam Atwood. Atwood married writer Graeme Gibson and had a daughter named Jess. She practiced the Immanent Transcendentalist religion.

As a child, she spent her summers in Northern Quebec with her father, who aspired to be a forest entomologist. Her experiences in Northern Quebec greatly impacted the novel Surfacing, which was published in 1972. After overcoming what Atwood often refers to as her “dark period” from ages eight to sixteen, she started her writing journey.

During her time in high school, she began submitting her works to the school newspaper, which helped develop her writing skills. She contributed poetry, short stories, and cartoons to the paper, all of which were influenced by Canadian literary critic and historian Northrop Frye (1912-1991). It was through Frye that she discovered the poetry of William Blake (1757-1827), which had a significant impact on her writing style.

After completing her Bachelor’s degree at the University of Toronto, Atwood went on to earn a Master’s degree from Radcliff College of Harvard University. She then continued with graduate studies at Harvard University before starting a career in teaching and lecturing.

Atwood taught English at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver from 1964 to 1965. Following that, she taught Victorian and American Literature at Sir George Williams in Montreal during 1967-68. Additionally, she taught Creative Writing at the University of Alberta and English at New York University in New York City in 1986.

Margaret Atwood served as a writer-in-residence at the University of Toronto in Toronto from 1972 to 1973. She then held the same position at the University of Alabama in Tuscaloosa in 1985 and was appointed as a writer-in-residence at Macquarie University in North Ryde, Australia in 1987.

In 1961, Atwood released her debut poetry collection called “Double Persephone”. Her second poetry collection, “The Circle Game”, received the esteemed Governor General’s Award in 1967 – Canada’s highest literary recognition.

Despite her feminist beliefs, Atwood’s book The Animals In That Country does not display any traditionally “feminine” qualities in its poems (Duyn 19). Furthermore, she was awarded the Governor General’s Award for her publication of The Handmaid’s Tale in 1986. The film adaptation of The Handmaid’s Tale was also produced by the Cinecom Entertainment Group in 1990. After moving to Vancouver for her teaching position at the University of British Columbia, Atwood completed her initial novel The Edible Woman within six months in 1964, although it wasn’t published until 1969.

According to Millicent Bell, The Edible Woman is considered a “work of feminist, black humor” (Bell 19). Additionally, Bell recognizes that Margaret Eleanor Atwood’s imagination is too unconventional and dark for sitcoms (Bell 19) in her critique of the novel. Atwood’s collection of poetry titled Power Politics has greatly increased her visibility and established her as a significant figure in contemporary literature. As Linda Hutcheon, a respected scholar, points out, Atwood’s numerous reviews and articles have been crucial in cementing her importance.

James Weldon Johnson Analysis

James Weldon Johnson was a writer, diplomat, professor, and editor, who also described himself as a man of letters and a civil rights leader. Even though he is no longer living, James Weldon Johnson has left much about his contributions to African American literature. Johnson was born June 17, 1871 in Jacksonville, Florida to James and Helen Louise (Dallied) Johnson. Johnson’s father, James Johnson, was born a freeman and was of mixed ancestry. He was a headwaiter in St. James Hotel. Mr. Johnson taught his son how to speak Spanish as a young boy. Johnson’s mother, Helen Johnson, was born a free woman in the West Indies.

Mrs. Helen was a woman of French and Black ancestry. She was the first black American to teach in the state of Florida. Mrs. Helen also taught her son to play the guitar(Otfinoski 22). Johnson was born the second of three children: John Rosamond, also known as “Rozy,” and a sister who died shortly after birth (Logan and Winston, “ James Weldon Johnson” 353). He was originally named Johnson “James William Johnson,” by his parents, but in 1913, he changed his middle name to Weldon (Kranz, “James Weldon Johnson” 78). Sept 1 Johnson was a well-educated man of his time. During his first few years of school, he attended Stanton, which offered blacks an education up to the eighth grade. Stanton was one of the best black schools in Johnson’s hometown. He graduated from Stanton at the age of 16 and went on to attend a secondary school and college at Atlanta University.

Johnson attended Atlanta University in Georgia because there were no schools beyond grammar school for blacks in Jacksonville, Florida and the university ran a special high school program for blacks (23,28). Johnson furthered his education at the university believing that it would educate him more in his interest of black people (Adams 155). In 1894, Johnson graduated with honors from Atlanta University receiving his bachelor’s degree. He also gave the graduation speech (Kanzs During Johnson’s lifetime he had many careers helping others and writing. Johnson was a poet, songwriter, editor, civil rights leader, lawyer, educator, and diplomat (Metzger et. al. 303).

Russell L. Adams, author of Great Negroes Past and Present, stated, “Johnson had a talent for persuading people of differing ideological agendas to work together for a common goal . Sept 2 Paying his own way through school, Johnson worked in a lathe factory during college and in the summer at a rural school teaching in Georgia, which paid a nickel per student, to help pay his way through college (Otfinoski 23). When Johnson graduated from Atlanta University in 1894, he turned down a medical scholarship at Harvard to accept a job as principal at the- Black Stanton school in Jacksonville, Florida.

While principal at Stanton, Johnson visited local white schools to compare the levels of education being taught because he felt that all black children in his hometown should have the same opportunity of being taught the same levels of education. So, in doing that he started secretly teaching freshman classes without the supervisor’s permission. After Johnson told his supervisor about teaching freshman classes, he was so impressed that he decided to expand Stanton to a four-year By 1901 Johnson was financially and mentally secure enough from his song royalties he decided it was time to resign as principal in Jacksonville and devote all of his time to writing.

So, he moved to New York City with his While in New York City Johnson met a young person by the name of Grace Nail, the daughter of a real estate broker, at a dance (Tolbert- Sept 3 Rouchaleau 55). On February 3, 1910, Grace Nail became the wife of James Also while living in New York, he studied drama and literature at Columbia University and graduated in 1905 (Otfinoski 25). Johnson’s mother’s encouragement in reading, drawing and listening to music really paid off (Metzger et. Al. 304). He started writing in a black dialect, influenced by Paul Dunbar, and standard English on racial issues that he was witnessing around him (Kranz 78).

Johnson had many of his poems published in the Century and the Independent magazines. Johnson’s first poem, Since You Went Away, was published in the Century magazine and set to music by his brother to become a popular song. Johnson and his brother also wrote the song, Lift Every Voice and Sing, to celebrate Lincoln’s birthday, in the 1900s. Later, it became the National Anthem of the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement In May of 1885, Johnson and his friends published the first African American daily newspaper in the U.S., but with the lack of readers failed the newspaper within eight months.

In 1912, he published his first novel, The Autobiography of an Ex-Colored Man, which sold very poorly until Sept 4 In 1927, Johnson had much of his poetry published in one of his finest books, God Trombones. This book contained seven folk sermons in verses as if a black preacher in the south was preaching them. Here is a part of one The Creation

Then God walked around, On all that he had made. And He looked at his moon, And He looked at His little stars;

With all it living things, And God said: “I’m lonely still.” On the side of the hill where He could think;

By a deep, wide river He sat down;

With His head in His hands, God thought and thought, Till He thought: “I’ll make me a man!” Up from the bed of the river And by the bank of the river And there the great God Almighty, Who lit the sun and fixed it in the sky, Who flung the stars to the most far corner of the Sept 5 Who rounded the earth in the middle of His hands, Like a mammy bending over her baby, Kneeled down in the dust Toiling over a lump of clay Till He shaped it in His own image;

Then into it He blew of life, And man became a living soul. Amen.

In 1916, Johnson joined the NAACP as field secretary. In 1920, he became the first African American to be appointed secretary of the NAACP. In 1930, Johnson resigned from to return teaching at Fisk University in Nashville, Tennessee as a professor of Creative literature. According to my readings, Johnson won many awards in his lifetime doing positive things. Some of his awards including the Springarn Medal from the NAACP, (1925) and W.E.B. Du Bois Prize for Negro Literature, (1933). He was the first black American to pass the Florida Bar exam after eight months of studying with a white attorney (Otfinoski 22).

Johnson was killed on June 6, 1938 on his way from is home in Great Barrington, Maine by a train in a blinding rainstorm. Johnson died soon after Sept 6 the accident at the age of 67 and his wife, who was driving was injured and remained in the hospital for many weeks (Tolbert-Roychaleau 102). Johnson’s tragic death was followed by the funeral of his dreams: “Over 2000 persons attended Johnson’s funeral on June 30, in Salem Methodist Church with Rev.

Frederick officiating . . . Johnson was buried, at his request, in his lounging robe, and a formal trouser, with a copy of “God Trombones,” in his hands, in Brooklyn’s Greenwood Cemetery . . . .” (Logan and Winston 353) To conclude this paper, James Weldon Johnson was an outgoing person, a great writer, teacher, and a public speaker. But one thing I will always remember Johnson for is his writing of “Lift Every Voice and Sing,” which is known as the Black National Anthem. Johnson has also accomplished many other things in his lifetime as an African American because he would do anything to get a job done right the first time.

WORKS CITED

  1. Adams, Russell L. “James Weldon Johnson.” Great Negroes Past and Present. 16:27:17 (1984) Internet. 12 Feb. 1998
  2. “ James Weldon Johnson.” Compton’s Interactive Encyclopedia. CD-ROM. 1997 ed. Kranz, Rachel C.
  3. The Biographical Dictionary of Black Americans. 1992 ed.
  4. Logan, Rayford, and Michael Winston.
  5. Dictionary of American Negro Biography. 1982 ed. Metzger, Linda, et. Al. Black Writers. Detroit: Gales Research Inc., 1988
  6. Otfinoski, Steven. Great Black Writers. New York: Facts On File, 1994
  7. Patterson, Lindsay. International Library of Negro Life: An Introduction To Black Literature In America. New York: Publishers Company, Inc., 1968
  8. Tolbert- Rouchaleau, Jane. Black Americans of Achievement. New York: Chelsea House Publishers, 1988