Biology As The Branch Of Science Essay Example

We live in a unique era. Today we could observe the blistering rise of science and processes that come along with it. Numerous discoveries of the last decades altered our mentality significantly. We become able to think about fantastic things and, which is more important, we possess enough knowledge to make these things real. That is why we live at the edge of the radical change of our world and the appearance of innovative approaches that will be applied to all spheres of our lives. Even now, the technological advance becomes obvious, especially if to compare the modern digitalized society and the world we had several decades ago. Cultivation of different branches of science delivered its benefits and shifted priorities towards the usage of technologies in any field that is crucial for the evolution of our society.

Natural sciences also become extremely important today. Discoveries in this field alter the way we live significantly and introduce new information about the peculiarities of our functioning. As for me, I am committed to biology. I am sure that any organism is a unique system the functioning of which is a great process that should be investigated to obtain answers to numerous questions we have today. I know that there are many issues related to our bodies and the way they work which remains unclear. For this reason, an investigator working in the given field acquires a limitless number of opportunities for research and discoveries that can alter our lives significantly.

My great commitment to biology could also be explained by its outstanding practical use. Numerous studies and investigations performed in terms of this branch of science resulted in the appearance of new ways to treat diseases and approaches to improve the quality of our lives. Moreover, biology also provides specialists with numerous tools for the further investigation of our bodies and the increase of the lifespan. For this reason, I am sure that this branch of science is extremely topical and demanded today. We still have to discover ways to treat cancer, HIV, and other diseases that threaten individuals and make people suffer.

Nevertheless, biomechanics, as the branch of biology, also attracts my attention. It is focused on the investigation of the mechanics of living beings and the way one or another process could be improved. One could see numerous innovative bionic prostheses that embody our knowledge in the sphere of mechanics and biology to improve the quality of peoples lives significantly. These are the result of numerous studies in terms of biomechanics. However, we should move beyond and improve our understanding of the main processes of our bodies to provide paralyzed people or other individuals with problematic locomotor apparatus with an opportunity to forget about their health problems and enjoy the feeling of movement and get rid of their helplessness forever.

I am sure that biology could alter the modern world and introduce numerous innovations that will alter the way we live and help us to treat illnesses and diseases. I have a great desire to continue the investigation of the way our bodies work and contribute to the improvement of this branch by conducting studies and assessing the main needs of people to understand how they could be met and what innovations are needed to assist individuals in their speedy recovery. For this reason, biology seems very promising to me.

Transparency And Organizational Performance

Abstract

This paper dwells upon transparency in organizations and its benefits. A model aimed at improving an organization’s transparency is provided. The advantages of the use of balanced scorecards and strategic diversity are considered in this paper. The approach is applied to the implementation strategy of particular strategic goals.

Transparency and personal use of a company’s computers

Transparency has become one of the most valued features attributed to modern organizations. Berggren and Bernshteyn (2007) stress that transparency positively correlates with the employees’ motivation. People are more willing to work in an organization where transparency is one of the organizational values. Leonard and Cronan (2005) also note that transparency is important for people. However, transparency is also associated with various threats to the confidentiality and informational security of the company. Leonard and Cronan (2005) argue that people are ready to behave ethically if they understand the consequences of their behavior. The legal environment is still important but not decisive for making ethical (or unethical) decisions in organizations (Leonard & Cronan, 2005).

It is possible to develop a model that can ensure confidentiality and improve transparency within organizations. First, it is essential to develop a corresponding organizational culture. Employees should understand what is ethical and unethical (Nickels, McHugh & McHugh, 2013).

They should also know that unethical conduct will lead to particular negative consequences that can be translated into fines. Secondly, to ensure compliance with the new culture, employees should receive the corresponding training. This method does not require significant funding, which is an important advantage as companies often have limited resources. At that, there will be no need to develop or purchase certain software to ensure confidentiality. Employees will be able to use their work or private emails, as well as social networks, to communicate with people within and outside the organization.

Balanced Scorecard and Strategic Diversity

It has been acknowledged that Balanced Scorecards are important for organizational effective performance (Weinstein, 2009). At that, Rich (2007) argues that managers often fail to utilize this method adequately as they do not consider all the meaningful components. Pangarkar and Kirkwood (2008) emphasize that the use of balanced scorecards is efficient and should incorporate innovation that is one of the most important components.

Therefore, it is essential to apply this approach when developing organizational goals. It is possible to identify two strategic goals. These can be achieving organizational excellence and outreach excellence. The first will be manifested in the provision of high-quality services that are based on innovation and creative approach. The second strategy will be manifested through the development of effective partnerships with the community.

To monitor the organizational performance and adherence to (as well as achievability of) the strategic goals identified, it is necessary to use balanced scorecards that are always under changes. The scores should be updated weekly and monthly to make sure that all the components of the scorecard are evaluated properly (Rich, 2007). Specific attention should be paid to the knowledge and innovation segment. The manager should take into account such activities as the development of new ideas, implementation of innovative methods in work, efficient communication that resulted in the successful completion of a project. To obtain these data, it is possible to use weekly reports. Employees can evaluate their performance, report about their activities, achievements, and concerns. They can also evaluate others. The reports should be brief and have a particular outline.

Reference List

Berggren, E., & Bernshteyn, R. (2007) Organizational transparency drives company performance. Journal of Management Development, 26, 411-417.

Leonard, L.N.K., & Cronan, T.P. (2005). Attitude toward ethical behavior in computer use: A shifting model. Industrial Management & Data Systems, 105(9), 1150-1171.

Nickels, W.G., McHugh, J.M., & McHugh, S.M. (2013). Understanding business. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill/Irwin.

Pangarkar, A.M., & Kirkwood, T. (2008). Strategic alignment: Linking your learning strategy to the balanced scorecard. Industrial and Commercial Training, 40(2), 95-101.

Rich, V. (2007). Interpreting the balanced scorecard: An investigation into performance analysis and bias. Measuring Business Excellence, 11(1), 4-11.

Weinstein, L. (2009). Achieving top quality: How and why to integrate the Baldrige criteria and the balanced scorecard processes. Strategic Finance, 46-51.

Organizational Behavior In “Willy Wonka And The Chocolate Factory” Movie

Movie Selection

Willy Wonka, the key character of the movie, can fulfill the dreams of any child. As a commercial reception, he hides five gold tickets in chocolate bars and decides to test the honesty of the winners. During the tour in the country of delicacies, the participants are expected to follow the strict rules, otherwise there will be no lifelong provision of chocolate by Willy Wonka. This movie is a rather interesting and beneficial in terms of learning how to manage people and engage them in work.

More to the point, this fantasy movie reveals the vital issues, focusing on children and their desires with the allusion to those of adults. The analysis and interpretation of this movie are likely to provide the essential insights into the core of organizational behavior (OB).

Topic Selection

This movie presents the vivid example of organizational behavior concepts and, thus can be used as the one to explore the theme in detail. In particular, there is the evident presence of theories of personality and motivation. Motivating children as well as their parents, who were taken to the journey, Willy Wonka reaches his goals and leads participants on their way. In particular, this character applies the goal-setting theory according to which he creates the challenging goals, increasing their level of performance. Furthermore, Herzberg’s two-factor theory, consisting of hygiene and motivation factors, can be noted here. The former group of factors focuses on supervision, interpersonal relationships, and operating conditions, and the latter one is represented by responsibility, achievement, etc.

Willy Wonka interacts with all the participants and encourages them to communicate with each other, observing what others do. Such an approach can be defined as the social cognitive theory that refers to learning from the example of others. For example, the mentioned statement becomes rather evident when Willy Wonka compares good egg and a bad egg along with Egg-dicator that can identify the nature of eggs. It should be noted that eggs here symbolize people or they can also be subject to employees. The attitude and behavior are the key aspects that are to be considered while acting in terms of the social cognitive theory.

Academic Research

To support the assumptions regarding OB theories that were specified above, it is necessary to back them up with the relevant evidence. The two academic journals I will use to accomplish this goal are Academy of Management Review and The Career Development Quarterly. The article by Lent (2013) reveals the significance of career development theories, especially the one that concerns the social cognitive learning. The author claims that the implementation of these theories helps to prepare employees for the potential challenges associated with the workplace and, thus successfully address them based on the development of resilience and adaptability.

Another article by Barrick, Mount, and Li (2013) emphasizes the role of OB domain and, in particular, the theory of the purposeful work behavior that comprises personality and motivation theories that act as the two leading factors of the effective organization of work. At this point, it is noted that the psychological state of both an employer and employees largely depends on the appropriate application of these theories as well as the outcome of work performed by the staff. Thus, the scholarly peer-reviewed articles by Lent (2013) and Barrick et al. (2013) will serve as the sources of the credible information.

Personal Reflection

In my point of view, the investigation of OB concepts and theories based on the movie of Willy Wonka and the Chocolate Factory along with the identified theories is likely to increase my current knowledge and skills, thus changing my behavior in an organization. In particular, I consider that the organizational setting changes continuously affected by such factors as the goals set by employees, corporate mission and vision, characteristics of staff, approaches accepted in an organization, and so on. In this connection, it is also necessary to amend one’s attitude towards the organizational behavior in order to ensure competence and competitiveness.

In effect of this assignment, I hope to enhance my awareness of OB and how to apply it on practice as, in my opinion, the real life example or the one from the movie explains the situation in the best way possible, so that it becomes rather clear how to act and what to expect. In other words, I will align my experience, contemporary views regarding the theme, and new information acquired from the exploration of the mentioned movie in relation to the research analysis.

References

Barrick, M. R., Mount, M. K., & Li, N. (2013). The theory of purposeful work behavior: The role of personality, higher-order goals, and job characteristics. Academy of Management Review, 38(1), 132-153.

Lent, R. W. (2013). Career‐life preparedness: Revisiting career planning and adjustment in the new workplace. The Career Development Quarterly, 61(1), 2-14.