Boeing 747 Vs. Airbus A380: A Comparison Essay Example


The stiff market competition that exists between Airbus and Boeing was evoked by the emergence of Airbus after a long period of Boeing’s domination of the large jetliner market. Often referred to as Airline wars, this competition is a result of several corporate failures and mergers in the industry. While Boeing became powerful and dominant after taking over McDonnell Douglas, Airbus started as a consortium and the two airliners have grown to be the world’s successful jumbo jets.

Many other companies in the airline business have pulled out because of the poor market as a result of the economic downturn and this left only Boeing and Airbus as the main players in the market. Since these larger airlines require enormous support, respective governments have been giving aid to ensure their success. However, when competition seems to intensify, the companies start accusing each other of unfair tactics of competition. This paper addresses what both airliners have to offer.


Planes are a great invention in the transport industry and they have been instrumental in helping to revolutionize movement and communication. The Boeing 747 and Airbus A380 are among the greatest inventions in the airplane industry. The Boeing 747 is a very big plane and is also referred to as the Jumbo Jet because of its size. Since it also seems to be very comfortable and very big in the sky, the plane is nicknamed the queen of the skies. This plane is two and half times bigger than the other model, Boeing 707, and it was first flown in 1970 for commercial purposes and carried the greatest number of passengers ever.

The plane has four engines and it is double-decked, where the hump upper deck is the first-class section. With only four engines, the plane was designed economically in terms of power and fuel utilization. On the other hand, Airbus A380 is also a big plane, a double-deck, and utilizes four engines like the Boeing 747. However, it is a European model while Boeing is made in America. Airbus A380 is now considered the largest passenger plane on the planet. It made its first flight in 2005. It was designed to compete with Boeing which had dominated air transport since the 1970s.

Pros and Cons of Boeing 747

This plane is very big, meaning that it transports a lot of people and cargo at once. Regardless of its size, the place is very efficient with its four engines. It has better utilization of fuel, and the latest models fly at very high speeds- supersonic speeds- of approximately 550 miles per hour (Rodgers, 1996, p. 12). The plane has a range of over 8,000 miles at 0.85 Mach. As far as safety is concerned, the plane has recorded very few crashes due to its design flaws (Pavnik, 2002, p. 734). There have been very few cases of hull-loss (45 occasions) since its invention in the 1970s and many of them have been attributed to pilot error (Rodgers, 1996, p. 12).

The plane was a success despite predictions of failure and it went on to become the most recognized and famous commercial plane on the planet (Esty & Ghemawat, 2002, p. 104). Most of the big names in the airline industry have few models of Boeing 747 to their numbers.

The 747s also have some disadvantages which include some unplanned breakdowns. There are also minor delays that are a result of operational failure of the equipment as they at times cause transitory lapses in production (Rodgers, 1996, p. 12). In case a Boeing 747 crashed, more people would be killed hence safety was made the top priority of these designs. Even though a lot has been done to enhance the prediction of problems, the planes still pose the risk of unforeseen danger (Esty & Ghemawat, 2002, p. 104). There has been problem with underpowered engines because of the size and the weight that the plane can accommodate.

The Pros and Cons of Airbus A380

The airbus A 380 had received surplus orders before the incidence of September 11 in the US. However as security measures continue to improve, the plane is regaining popularity (Campos, 2001, p. 13). The plane has several distinctive advantages which include a capacity of 550 passengers and a range of 8,000 nautical miles distance. This capacity is about 35% greater than the Boeing 747s (Esty & Ghemawat, 2002, p. 106). The key design objective includes being able to use the existing airport technology and infrastructure with very minimal adjustments and modifications. The direct operating costs for each seat are less than closest rival the 747s by 20% (Campos, 2001, p. 13).

The A380 plane also has more floor space and only more than 747s by 35%. This way, the plane has ensured wide seats for its passengers with aisles for greater comfort (Esty & Ghemawat, 2002, p. 107). The plane has low operation costs than its rival like Boeing 747 at a rate of 20%. The design of the plane has a reinforced safety measure program that utilizes modular computers. The planes are also designed to reduce nuisances caused by noise and there is minimal pollutant discharge (Campos, 2001, p. 15). The plane model has also been assessed and found to be having a unique comfort for its passengers with a very low fuel burn for its size.

The disadvantages of this plane are that in the aftermath of terrorist attacks on the US twin towers and following the stiff economic slowdown, the plane is facing a real problem to manage its capacity and security. The planes are underutilized as they can be left to lay idle for so long until numbers of passengers increase.

Due to its enormous size, the Airbus A380 cannot land at any airport. Even though the plane has more wheels, the problems are not the runaways anymore but the terminal space, the plane has more wheels than any other big plane and these are enough to absorb the weight. In the major airports across the world, very few can get space for the Airbus A 380. The plane takes more time to take off considering that security in major airports where the jumbo can land is beefed up because of terror threats. As a result, the process of inspecting the luggage, screening the passengers, ticketing and other logistics are a nightmare.

How the Two Models Differ

The planes have many similarities which include bigger capacity, employment of double-deck design, and effective fuel utilization. However, in an effort to determine which is the better model compared to the other, it is the differences that count (Esty & Ghemawat, 2002, p. 109). The Airbus A380 is slightly bigger with about 2 meters longer than the Boeing 747s (72.8 against 70.7meters). These simple differences are not a big deal, so this paper shall focus on the revolution that the two models introduced to the airline or aircraft industry (Irwin & Pavcnik, 2004, p. 226).

The Airbus A380 has the entire upper deck for passengers while the Boeing 747 has part of its first deck designed for passengers and can be used for cargo by moving the seats (Irwin & Pavcnik, 2004, p. 226). This has made the number of passengers almost double that of the other smaller planes. For the Boeing 747s, the maximum capacity is usually 568 passengers, whereas the major competitor from Europe, the Airbus A380 can accommodate 840 people. There are prospects of creating another model that can hold up to 950 passengers. This will be slightly cheaper in terms of traveling costs (Irwin & Pavcnik, 2004, p. 226). This is a very big revolution as the numbers of passengers who can travel are doubled since the invention of these models.

In terms of height, there is a difference of 4.7 meters difference. This means that the Airbus A380 is about the height of an 8 story building tall while its counterpart, the Boeing, 747 is the size of a 6-story building (Campos, 2001, p. 15). In order to hold the structure of the Airbus in the air, the plane requires wings with a very big area of 845 meters square. Boeing only needs 541 square meters. To meet the requirement, it means that the airbus has more weight and this has been a major issue for its success and sustainability.

The difference in the cabin is also great as the airbus has an area that is about 1.5 meters wider than the cabin space of the Boeing 747 allowing more comfort for the cabin crew. As indicated, these add up to the weight that the plane needs to lift. When empty, the Boeing 747 weights only 181,755 kgs (Serling, 1992, p. 23). The airbus on the other hand is about 75% heavier with a weight of 277,000 kg hence lift requires more power. Several innovations have been designed to ensure that the engines are efficient in doing this as safety cannot be compromised especially when the number of possible victims is very high (Irwin & Pavcnik, 2004, p. 227).

Regarding speed and performance, the planes are more or less equal. Their cruise speed is 900 km/h and the highest cruise is at 940km/h. The range is also close as the airbus has 14,800 km and the airbus has a range of 14,205 km.

This Boeing 747 seems to be an old model that is still valuable in modern times (Serling, 1992, p. 23). It took its maiden flight about 40 years ago. However, airbus deserves applause because, after the Boeing 747 model, the Airbus A380 seems to be the next big revolution in the air transport industry. The creation of bigger passenger planes still faces big obstacles as the landing gear are a real problem to design and manage on big planes (Irwin & Pavcnik, 2004, p. 228).

Regarding safety and flying ability, several precautions were specifically made for the two models. The Boeing 747 has a unique design that includes distinctive structural redundancy, superfluous hydraulic systems, four major gears for landing and double control system (Pavnik, 2002, p. 742). The design of the Boeing 747 did not cause major problem in the available airport despite it being more than twice the capacity that the largest airplanes and the time had (Pavnik, 2002, p. 744).

Boeing 747 Stepping Up

Over forty years ago, Boeing designed and built the world’s largest jet plane, and named it the Boeing 747. The plane brought so much change to the industry until the introduction of the Airbus A380 (Ibsen, 2009, p. 342). The airbus was designed to cut the domination of Boeing 747 and it came with many advantages, in terms of capacity, the efficiency of energy use as well as speed performance. Airbus then became a major competitor to Boeing.

Having been around for about 40 years, Boeing is at times regarded as old fashion (Ibsen, 2009, p. 342). Airbus being a recent model is gaining more popularity with the orders soaring high. This is what inspired Boeing to decide to improve its model the Boeing 747-8 model. This model has had new features including totally new wing designs to enhance performance and decrease drag (Norris & Wagner, 2005, p. 56). The intention of the new design was to increase capacity, add efficiency to attract clients drawing them from the Airbus A380.

Rather than designing a totally new airplane to compete with the Airbus A380, Boeing decided to give its 747 a makeover. The new 747-8 is extended replica of the latest 747 models and its extra space can take up to 52 or more seats. Still, the plane cannot carry a capacity close to or equal to the airbus A380 (Ibsen, 2009, p. 346). This, however, is not something to worry about, the Boeings say that the new model has cost advantage and this will be a determining factor in the current economy (Norris & Wagner, 2005, p. 56). The new 747-8 model is efficient in fuel utilization hence consumes 11% less fuel per passenger.

This has been calculated to translate to reduced cost of the important necessities on the flight for every seat with each mile covered (Ibsen, 2009, p. 347). Boeing has disputed claims made by airbus that it is still more efficient, burning 2% less fuel than the latest 747 models.

The new 747-8 claims to offer other transport options that cannot be provided for by Airbus A380 apart from the number of passengers. The airbus carries 550 passengers while the latest Boeing carries 450 (Ibsen, 2009, p. 349). There are challenges facing the numbers. First, the jumbo market is still small and incorporating cargo is good for jumbo planes. However the airbus has abandoned the cargo when that double-deck failed to attract customers (Flight International, 2006, para. 3). Airbus gets a lot of support from many European nations that are involved in its designing and manufacture and this means that Boeing will face an uphill task competing with it (Campos, 2001, p. 14).

Comparison of Specifications

  • The Airbus A 380: the jumbo jet is long enough for maximum capacity and its length is 72.8 meters. This model has four engines, turbofans. Its characteristic cruise speed is 850 KM/h with a range of 8,000 nautical miles equivalent to 14,800 kilometers (Tripod, 2006, para. 2). It weighs 560,000 kilograms as its takeoff weight. The passenger capacity of the jumbo is 555 on its double decks arranged in three categories. It can still carry over 800 passengers when arranged in a single-class system.
  • Boeing 747-8: this model also has four engines just like the airbus. The cruise speed is 855 km/h with a range of 14,815 kilometers (Tripod, 2006, para. 3). It weighs 435,456 kilograms as takeoff weight. Its 74.2 meters long and in the characteristic three-categories arrangement, the model carries up to 450 passengers.


It is very difficult to determine the best aircraft between airbus A380 and the main competitor the Boeing 747. This is because of the close similarities among the many features of these planes. The Boeing has been around for over 40 years and has had very few critical incidences threatening or costing life. This means that the model must have been a superior design to survive the test of time. For so many years, the model has been touted as the largest airliner across the planet.

Presently, the airbus has attained that status and enjoys pride. The Airbus carries a bigger capacity than 747s but with almost similar efficacy as the smaller Boeing. With a great change in the market, airbus has good technology and design that makes it reliable to fly the skies across the world. However, it needs to stay around for some time to determine its safety and reliability as time goes by. Airbus will be dominating the jumbo market in the future for an unforeseeable time because marketing is not about the time one has been in operation but rather the needs of the market. However, with the new 747-8’s about to hit the runaway, it could just conform that being the biggest does not translate to winning the fight.

Reference List

Campos, L. M. (2001). On The Competition between Airbus and Boeing, Air and Space Europe. 3(2):12-14.

Esty, B.C., & Ghemawat, P. (2002). Airbus vs. Boeing in Superjumbos: A Case of Failed Pre-emption. HBS Strategy Unit Working Paper No. 02-061. HBS Finance Working Paper No. 02-061.

Flight International, (2006). Boeing’s 747-8 vs. A380: A titanic tussle. Flight global. Web.

Ibsen, A. (2009). The Politics of Airplane Production: The Emergence of Two Technological Frames in the Competition between Boeing and Airbus. Technology in Society, 31(4): 342-349.

Irwin, D., & Pavcnik, N. (2004). Airbus versus Boeing Revisited: International Competition in the Aircraft Market. Journal of International Economics, 64(2): 223-245.

Norris, G., & Wagner, M. (2005). Airbus A380: Superjumbo of the 21st Century. Minneapolis: Zenith Press.

Pavnik, N. (2002). Trade Disputes in the Commercial Aircraft Industry, the World Economy, 25(5): 733–751.

Rodgers, E. (1996). Flying High: The Story of Boeing and the Rise of the Jetliner Industry. New York: The Atlantic Monthly Press.

Serling, R. (1992). Legend and Legacy: the story of Boeing and its People. New York: St Martin’s Press.

Tripod. (2006). Airbus A380 VS Boeing 747-8. Web.

China’s One Child Policy And Its Effect On Economy, Family, And Society

China is considered to be one of the most populated countries in the world. Moreover, the country has been holding the world’s leading position in this field for a long time. Therefore, the issue of Chinese demographic policy is one of the most important. The problems that are associated with the size of the population are especially acute in this country. In fact, at this stage of economic and demographic development, it is impossible to raise living standards without solving these issues.

In recent years, there have been numerous heated discussions among the expert community and in the Chinese media about the apparent need of revising the “one family – one child” policy. In addition, researchers also discuss the possible consequences for the country’s development in connection with the abolition of strict birth control. Economists and demographers expressed particular concerns about the consequences of this policy, which has lasted for almost forty years. According to researchers, “the policies have a far-reaching impact on population size, fertility rate, sex ratio, age structure, family size” (Wang, 2017, p. 21). As a result, China has decided to change its demographic policy and allow each married couple to have two children.


First of all, before discussing the consequences, it is important to review the history of that rule. The Chinese government was forced to legally limit family size in the 1970s when it became clear that vast numbers of people were overwhelming the country’s land, water, and energy resources. This demographic policy was called “one family – one child,” or just “one child,” policy. The Chinese leadership associated the fulfillment of socio-economic and political tasks with limiting the growth of a huge population because taking care of such a big population was difficult. In order to limit population growth, the country began to implement new family-planning rules from the mid-1960s with an ever-increasing tightening of it.

At the beginning, the authorities allowed families to have three children. Then, after a few years, parents were offered to have no more than two children, and, from the beginning of the 1980s, they began to consider an exemplary family with one child. City streets were replete with slogans which declared that having an only child is better for the family. Children in big cities, where this policy was carried out most successfully, were dressed in good clothes and surrounded by attention and care. Families with one child also received benefits, such as the right to priority housing, free maintenance for a child in a kindergarten, advantages in admission to universities, and more.

Total Fertility Rate Trends in China, 1951-2011
Figure 1. Total Fertility Rate Trends in China, 1951-2011 (Whyte et al., 2015, p. 150).

Families in rural areas with one child were allowed to increase the size of the allocated household land. For parents with two or more children, a number of different restrictions were implemented in a number of areas. For example, after the birth of a second child, parents were required to return the bonus that was paid to them monthly as a family with one child. In addition, they were forced to pay a fine, the amount of which depended on income and residences ranged from a few hundred to several thousand Yuan. The following figure how the fertility rate changed during those years.

Among the unusual family planning measures was the promotion of late marriage. Officially, the age of marriage for women was 20 years, for men it was 22 years. However, additional restrictions were introduced by the government; for example, it was strictly forbidden to create a family for students up to the threat of expelling from the institute. Nevertheless, in matters of marriage, China has gradually become an increasingly modern country. For thousands of years marriages in China were concluded by agreement between parents. Divorces ceased to be a rarity, but their share was significantly lower than in Western countries since divorce is considered a shame for the Chinese people. It should also be noted that the slogan “One family – one child” was carried out the country while taking into account local conditions and national characteristics. Thus, in areas inhabited by national minorities, the number of children could not be limited.


Nevertheless, this policy has a number of negative consequences regarding family matters. The imbalance in the sex ratio forms is one of those negative social phenomena. The following graph demonstrates how the balance between the male and female population significantly increased due to this rule. The reason for such disparity is that it was more convenient to have a male child, rather than to have a female child. Such belief was particularly popular due to sexism in the Chinese community. Parents were convinced that a son is more likely to take care of them when they will grow old, while a daughter will be taking care of her own family. For this reason, most of female fetuses were aborted, which lead to an imbalanced sex ratio.

Sex Ratio at Birth (SRB) in China, 1970–2010
Figure 2. Sex Ratio at Birth (SRB) in China, 1970–2010 (Loh & Remick, 2015, p. 296).

The reason for this is that such disparity contributes to the growth of the illegal market for sexual services, women and children trafficking, and the spread of AIDS. This demographic imbalance seriously damages the psychological health of young men, condemns them to search for brides in neighboring states (). Moreover, it generates a number of different mental problems connected with insecurity, stress, and suicidal moods, which can also lead to an increase in sexual crimes.

In Chinese society, a large number of single young men who came from families as an only child has formed a group that, for objective reasons, has limited opportunities to satisfy their need for a family. In addition, they also cannot satisfy the basic needs of the individual for love and belonging. The inability to satisfy these needs, as a rule, leads to maladjustment, aggressiveness, and unpredictability of social behavior. All of these trends create conditions for social destabilization and pose a certain threat to social security.

Furthermore, this policy also created changes in financial condition of families. On the one hand, it became easier for families to support their children. According to researchers, “singleton children received more financial investment in their education than their non-singleton counterparts; and parents spent less time supervising girls’ academic work in the presence of male siblings” (Hu & Shi, 2020, p. 381). However, under current conditions, every single child in a Chinese family is still forced to support their parents and two pairs of paternal and maternal grandparents. This is objectively an extraordinary burden for an individual who builds their own life and marriage in difficult economic conditions.

This also creates an apparent problem because for one adult, it would be difficult to support not only his own wife and children, but both parents as well. From this issue, a need for changes in policies regarding government support arises. The legislative consolidation of the obligations of adult children to their parents testifies to the urgency of the problems of financial help, as well as psychological support for elderly citizens. The disregard of this problem can lead to the increase of disrespectful and cruel treatment of elderly relatives.


In less than 40 years, as a result of effective birth control in China, an accelerated demographic transition from the traditional model of population reproduction took place. From high fertility and mortality rates, it was changed to a modern model characterized by low fertility and mortality, low population growth. In addition, the changes occurred regarding the structure of the population in favor of older age groups and a gradual reduction in the share of the working-age population.

At first, the birth control policy and the resulting drop in the demographic burden have contributed greatly to China’s rapid economic growth. There are a number of reasons for these positive changes, however, they were short-lived. The labor market was filled with young women who were no longer busy giving birth and raising children. The maintenance of a single-child family required less funds than a family with many children. Therefore, the requirements for higher wages were not aggravated, and labor remained cheap. The state freed itself from the obligation to take care of the education and employment of the second and subsequent children. As a result, it became possible to increase the share of savings and investment. In the early 2010s, the demographic burden reached its minimum, and the growth in the proportion of the elderly in China’s population

Age Distribution of Employed Population by Sector in 1982 and 2005
Figure 2. Age Distribution of Employed Population by Sector in 1982 and 2005 (Wang et al., 2017, p. 52).

has already begun. The following figure demonstrates how labor forces were distributed among the population.

The previous graph demonstrates how the working age was transformed due to the one-child policy. This result was produced by the researchers’ own calculation “based on the 1982 Population Census and mini-census in 2005 of China” (Wang et al., 2017, p. 52). From this outcome, one can see that a significant amount of old people works in agriculture in recent years. Wang (2017) also indicated that “labor markets may encounter a shortage in the labor force if the industrial structure fails to transform properly” (p. 64). In addition to this alarming trend, there is also a steady increase in the population of people over 60 years old.

There is no doubt that this increase is also becoming a problem for the government for several reasons. The rapidly aging society expects from the state the creation of specialized services focused on the specific needs of this age group. In addition, the elderly also need the development and implementation of new technologies of social support. Researchers note that the “significantly accelerated the advent of an aging society, radically altered the structure of the population, and made eldercare a more challenging task” (Nie, 2016, p. 364). Aging also affects the standard of living of older people, which leads to an increase in the number of the poor.

The sharp decline in living standards after 60 is associated with a drop in income due to retirement status. As was stated above, one-child policy also restricts the opportunities for the elderly to get support by their children. As researchers state, “such policy exogenously reduces the availability of talented heirs, which in turn greatly lowers within-family successions and results in discontinuity of family firms since most family firms rely on within-family succession” (Cao et al., 2015, p. 328). Speaking about solving the problem of population aging in China, it should be emphasized that a significant part of the research and discussion on this issue is focused on the material aspects faced by older people. It includes the level and equity of retirement allowance, the cost and availability of medical and nursing services, financial support that should be provided to them by the state, and adult children. Much less attention is paid to the low quality of their life, the problem of emotional and social assistance faced by representatives of older age groups.

Possible Solutions

The problem of providing a high-quality, prosperous living conditions for the older age groups must be addressed in a comprehensive manner. The government has already rejected the one-child policy; however, its consequences will still be present for several decades. Therefore, China’s traditional family care system for the elderly should eventually be replaced by social insurance for old age, as well as family care and community-based, charitable, and commercial services. The creation of such an innovative model is in the interests of both the population and the state. The reason for this is that it meets the needs of older people and contributes to the preservation of social stability and the creation of a harmonious society.


Due to the decision to implement a one-child policy, there is still a number of negative trends in the structure of China’s population. For this reason, changes in this rule policy is considered to be timely and vital. As a result of the implementation of new attitudes in family planning in the long term, the size of the working-age population will stabilize, and the aging rate will slow down. Moreover, the age and sex structure of the Chinese population will also improve and be more equal. The adjustment of family planning policy will certainly play a positive role in putting the Chinese economy towards more productive development. It will also create objective grounds for reducing its traditionally high savings rate and stimulating the growth of markets for goods and services. All these interventions will have a positive impact on the Chinese economy and give a new impulse to its growth in the long term.

The Chinese experience of family planning and solving the problem of aging of the population is an important contribution to the research about the demographic situation in the world. For this reason, it is of particular interest for the leaders of developing countries, where the problem of improving the quality of life of older people does not lose its relevance. The socio-economic development of such a populated country as China can give rise to new problems and contradictions that are difficult to predict at this stage. That is why the demographic situation and the acute social problems associated with it, the successes and failures of the Chinese leadership require constant monitoring and a scientific analysis.


Cao, J., Cumming, D., & Wang, X. (2015). One-child policy and family firms in China. Journal of Corporate Finance, 33, 317-329. 

Hu, Y., & Shi, X. (2020). The impact of China’s one-child policy on intergenerational and gender relations. Contemporary Social Science, 15(3), 360-377. 

Loh, C., & Remick, E. J. (2015). China’s skewed sex ratio and the one-child policy. The China Quarterly, 222, 295-319. 

Nie, J. B. (2016). Erosion of eldercare in China: A socio-ethical inquiry in aging, elderly suicide and the government’s responsibilities in the context of the one-child policy. Ageing International, 41(4), 350-365. 

Wang, F., Zhao, L., & Zhao, Z. (2017). China’s family planning policies and their labor market consequences. Journal of Population Economics, 30(1), 31-68. 

Whyte, M. K., Feng, W., & Cai, Y. (2015). Challenging myths about China’s one-child policy. The China Journal, (74), 144-159. 

Indigenous Australians’ Health Program

Australian Historical Context: Health and Wellbeing of Indigenous Australians

The Torres Strait Islander and Aboriginal are believed to be the natives of Australia. Historians and archeologists have indicated that such indigenous people have lived in this country for over 65 thousand years (Fisher et al., 2019). These people engage in a wide range of health promotion practices that are traditional in nature. Most of the implemented initiatives and policies have failed to address the plight of these members of the society. The ineffective care delivery systems and programs put in place do not address the demands of these individuals (Fisher et al., 2019). Promoters of modern medical services disregard the traditions of such underserved citizens. Consequently, such initiatives are incapable of meeting the medical needs of these members of the population.

The established health services have focused primarily on modern clinical guidelines. The systems do not have ways of addressing the demands of the less fortunate members of the society. Some of the regions whereby these aboriginals live lack such facilities. The government has been reluctant to provide additional support systems and hospitals to meet the needs of such citizens (Fisher et al., 2019). This failure also describes why the health services fail to offer personalized and culturally competent care to these underserved members of the population. The current health policies and models also ignore the dietary and wellbeing needs of such citizens.

Health Promotion Program

The current gap in the wellbeing and welfare of Indigenous Australians does not mean that nothing is being done to transform the situation. One of the current health promotion programs intended to support the provision of personalized services to members of this population is the Indigenous Australian’s Health Program. This initiative relies on government funding to provide primary medical care, maternal health, and support to individuals suffering from chronic conditions (Conte et al., 2020). This program is part of the wider approach supposed to transform and improve the health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander individuals. The involvement of different stakeholders and physicians ensures that timely results are recorded.

The relevant caregivers, community organizers, and professionals rely on respectful partnership to transform the experiences of the beneficiaries. The program is designed in such a way that people who are aware of the health needs of Aboriginals are part of the process. The service providers focus on key areas of weakness and identify evidence-based approaches that can ensure that members of this population have access to sustainable medical services (Fisher et al., 2019). The involvement of key partners and stakeholders is essential to improve the life expectancy and health of the targeted individuals. The initiative is expected to bridge the gap and allow more Aboriginals to lead better lives.

Partnership Principles and Culturally Safe Practices

Aboriginal medical service delivery is a process intended to meet the health demands of native Australians. An occupational therapist working with members of this culture will need to consider the importance of cultural competence. He or she will have to examine how they communicate with one another, major sources of stress, and the best ways to manage anger. The therapist will identify the best ways to provide personalized services. The person can focus on desirable approaches to engage family members and other stakeholders (Conte et al., 2020). The process needs to be personalized and in accordance with the established cultural attributes.

When working with an aboriginal health worker, such an occupational therapist will analyze the colleagues’ cultural attributes and demands. The professional will need to remain respectful, promote mutual understanding, and support one another. The use of appropriate sign languages and verbal attributes that members of the aboriginal group promote will result in a beneficial collaboration (Wettasinghe et al., 2020). Within an Aboriginal Medical Service, the occupational therapist will identify procedures that are holistic, culturally competent, and capable of empowering the beneficiaries to fulfill their daily activities and goals. The introduction of traditional approaches to therapy can also support the expert to operate effectively in the Aboriginal Medical Service and when working with both patients and colleagues from Aboriginal populations.

Personal Reflection

The role of an occupational therapist is to support the targeted client is to apply scientific knowledge to improve his or her performance. The materials and concepts studied in class are timely and capable of guiding more people to achieve their aims. The first area that forms the basis of my professional philosophy is that of cultural competence. The model has outlined the importance of being engaged, solving existing challenges, and including family members (Hendrickx et al., 2020). I have appreciated the importance of taking my clients’ spiritual needs and feelings into consideration. The people’s beliefs, ideologies, and practices should dictate the best practices that can support the delivery of desirable therapy.

The second area that forms an integral part of the module is that of professional development. As an occupational therapist, I have understood how to remain honest, promote desirable relationships, and maintain the highest level of integrity. Ethics emerges as an effective approach that will allow me to solve emerging dilemmas and focus on the best approaches to transform my clients’ experiences (Azzopardi et al., 2018). I will engage in continuous learning to acquire additional ideas and expand my philosophy as an occupational therapist. These achievements will take me closer to my goals and eventually become successful. The application of the acquired ideas and concepts will make it easier for me to achieve my aims while improving the experiences and outcomes of my respective clients.

Personal Cultural Competence Goal

Workplace learning experiences provide additional opportunities for developing specific competencies that can take someone closer to his or her professional aims. Personally, I will implement a personal level goal whereby I will identify some of the best approaches that can maximize my engagement with individuals with diverse backgrounds. I will create new friendships with persons from different racial groups. This initiative will guide me to learn new ideas, solve most of the recorded problems, and consider how I can communicate and learn new things from them (Waterworth et al., 2015). This process will equip me with better problem-solving, critical thinking, and decision-making capabilities when dealing with different groups of people. Such gains will transform my cultural competencies and support my aims.

The intended goal will entail the formation of new groups or teams comprised of individuals from different cultural groups. Such workmates will be instrumental in providing additional competencies that can guide me when providing the required therapy to patients with diverse backgrounds. I will make the acquired insights part of my care delivery and professional philosophy. I will also ensure that the concept of continuous learning from various workplace experiences will become part of me. These initiatives will expand my cultural competencies and allow me to provide the relevant occupational therapy to my clients (Butler et al., 2019). This achievement means that more individuals with diverse backgrounds will eventually achieve personalized support or therapy.


Azzopardi, P. S., Swayer, S. M., Carlin, J. B., Degenhardt, L., Brown, N., Brown, A. D., & Patton, G. C. (2018). Health and wellbeing of Indigenous adolescents in Australia: a systematic synthesis of population data. The Lancet, 391(10122), 766-782.

Butler, T. L., Anderson, K., Garvey, G., Cunningham, J., Ratcliffe, J., Tong, A., Whop, L. J., Cass, A., Dickson, M., & Howard, K. (2019). Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people’s domains of wellbeing: A comprehensive literature review. Social Science & Medicine, 233, 138-157.

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