Capital Punishment: Deterring Murder And Just Retribution Free Sample

Capital punishment, also known as the execution of criminals by the state for committing heinous crimes, serves as both a deterrent to murder and a form of retribution. It enjoys widespread support in the U.S., with an average of 80% of the population favoring it, according to Richard Worsnop’s article “Death penalty debate centres on Retribution.” In Canada, support for the death penalty is at 72% among individuals over 18 years old, as mentioned in Kirk Makir’s article titled “B.C. MPs split on Death Penalty” published in the March 26, 1987 edition of the Globe and Mail.

The fear instilled by the death penalty is believed to deter potential killers and reduce harmful actions. It also serves as a permanent prevention measure by stopping convicted murderers from committing further crimes. Many supporters of capital punishment prioritize punishment over its impact on overall crime rates, focusing on setting examples and using the fear of death to discourage criminal behavior. According to Isaac Ehrlich’s study conducted on April 16, 1976, each execution in the U.S.A. deters eight murders. Ehrlich even argues that if executing guilty capital murderers saves one innocent life for every execution, it justifies using the death penalty. Most proponents, like Ehrlich, reject the idea that executing criminals contributes to a culture of murder; instead, they see it as society’s way of valuing innocent lives.

According to Isaac Ehrlich, racism influences support for the death penalty. To illustrate this point, we will focus on the United States because Canada lacks race-based crime statistics and does not have any inmates on death row. In the US, out of 1000 white individuals arrested for murder, 16 are given the death penalty, while among every 1000 black individuals arrested for murder, 12 receive capital punishment. Ehrlich also highlights how racial bias is further emphasized by the color of the victim. For instance, if the victim is white, there is a higher likelihood of the offender facing capital punishment compared to if the victim was black. This disparity is backed by actual data showing more cases where those who murdered whites are sentenced to death compared to cases involving blacks. The reason behind this difference lies in both a larger number of white victims and a higher rate of apprehending their killers. However, it is crucial to examine proportionately cases involving black victims despite their significantly lower numbers.

Regarding the percentages, all races have similar numbers, indicating that racial disparity is not an issue. In 1986, Professor Stephen K. Layson from the University of North Carolina conducted a study reevaluating Ehrlich’s findings. This study determined that the deterrent effect of the death penalty was underestimated. Professor Layson found that each execution in the United States prevented 18 murders and increased the chances of apprehending, convicting, and executing violent criminals.

Support for capital punishment has grown as crime rates in America have risen, according to George C. Smith, Director of Litigation at the Washington Legal Foundation. In his statement titled “In Support of the Death Penalty,” Smith highlights this trend. In 1966, 42% of Americans favored capital punishment while 47% opposed it. However, by 1986 with an increase in crime rate, support had grown to 80%, opposition decreased to only 17%, and there were still 3% undecided voters who mostly leaned towards supporting it if forced to decide immediately.

Now let us redirect our attention to Canada.

The last two individuals to be executed in Canada were Arthur Lucas and Ron Turpin, who were hanged on December 11, 1962. The death penalty was abolished in Canada in the latter part of 1976 after a 98-hour debate, narrowly escaping defeat by only six votes. During the abolition debate in 1976, supporters of the death penalty threatened Members of Parliament and their families. Many MPs voted based on their personal beliefs rather than the wishes of their constituents.

Similarly, discussions about accepting the reinstatement of the death penalty by the federal government took place in British Columbia in 1987. Amongst the MPs, there was a split with 17 out of 29 supporting the death penalty. Despite public support for the death penalty being around 70% in British Columbia at that time, MPs believed it was their duty to vote according to their own convictions rather than for political gain.

In 1987, the Progressive Conservative government sought to hold a free vote on capital punishment reinstatement but faced opposition from Justice Minister Ray Hnatyshyn who exerted pressure on MPs to vote against the bill.It is widely believed that if not for Ray Hnatyshyn’s opposition,the reinstatement of capital punishment would have gone through,makingthe death penalty a reality today.

Both sides of the capital punishment debate are firmly entrenched in their beliefs and employ various tactics to convince others. However, evidence from studies conducted by Isaac Ehrlich in 1975 and Prof. Stephen K. Layson in 1986, along with recent polls in Canada and the United States, support our belief that capital punishment effectively deters crime. Furthermore, these studies and surveys suggest that both the public and society as a whole favor the death penalty. The threat of capital punishment influences potential offenders by making them contemplate whether committing a crime is worth risking their lives. Even if it fails to deter crime, the death penalty allows society to pursue justice and ensures that murderers will never pose a threat again.

.—Works Cited
From: Take Notice, (Copp Clarke Pitman Ltd., 1979) page 163
From: Article written by David Vienneau published in the March 24, 1987 edition of the “Toronto Star”, titled, Debate Agonizing for MPs.
From: Article written by Kirk Makir, published in March 26, 1987 edition of the “Globe and Mail”, titled, BC MPs Split on Death Penalty Debate.
From: Article written by Hugh Winsor, published in April 29, 1987 edition of the “Globe and Mail”, titled, Debate on Death Penalty placed on hold.

An Essay On The Things I Believe In

I believe death brings people closer. When I was in high school I always had plenty of friends to socialize with. However, out of these friends there were only some I considered to be a “true” friend. One of those friends was a boy named Tommy. He was your typical jock, he played football, baseball, basketball and even was considering joining a UFC club. He was one of the nicest people I knew and he always knew how to make someone smile. It didn’t matter if it was a simple joke, or him doing something crazy that no one else would dare to do. That’s the kind of person Tommy was, he was someone you could always go to for help and could talk to about anything. His friendly smile made it easy to strike up a conversation.

In high school there were cliques, just like any other school out there. Some people got along with others and some didn’t. Most of us had our own certain group we hung out with. Tommy was never part of one of these cliques he talked to everyone, it didn’t matter who you were to him as long as you paid him the same respect he paid you. Even I was impressed by his ability to be able to talk to just about anyone who was around him. I was a lot like Tommy when I was in high school, I never paid close attention to cliques, I talked to who I wanted when I wanted. Today it makes sense why we were good friends. Tommy even introduced me to my first love. It is pretty easy to say that there wasn’t anyone who disliked Tommy.

The summer had just begun and all of us were excited for class to be over with. One day Tommy was on his way from basketball camp to football practice with his friend Chris in the passenger seat. Tommy did not have his seatbelt on since he was in such a rush to get from one place to the other. He went around a quick turn and hit gravel, it was then that Tommy lost control of his car and flipped into a tree. Being that Tommy did not have his seatbelt he went straight.

A Night In A Forest With A Stranger

I along with my Dad had planned to go for a Jungle camping in the vacations and accordingly we were at the ‘Jim Corbett National Park’. When people having special interest in wildlife come to India from different parts of the world, they never miss an opportunity to visit this ‘God’s Marvelous Creation’. As we were wildlife enthusiasts too, this place was the perfect choice for camping.

It was summer and all our day was spent in animal spotting. On our way we also had seen a castle which was believed to be enchanted by evil spirits. It was night and we both were exhausted, but still glad to have seen so many animals and some of the endangered species of birds. It was night now. We had a great dinner and were on the verge of falling asleep. We quickly set up our tent and in no time we fell asleep. But after some time my sleep was interrupted. I was hearing the howling of wolves. I knew something was wrong. I tried to wake up my Dad but he was already snoring. I gathered some courage and got out of the tent to see what was wrong. As soon as I got out, I heard some footsteps, but they stopped suddenly. I thought I was in a fix. In such darkness I was seeing a bright light shining from behind a distant tree. It was probably a lamp. I could see it coming towards me. Struggling to see what it was, I noticed a short man with long ears, just like a dwarf as in Harry Potter walking towards me.

I took two or three steps behind trembling in fear, and picked up a stick, just in case it attacked me. But it came close to me and stopped. To my utter astonishment it was him! The same dwarf who used to serve Harry Potter, Dobby! He was just about four feet tall. His eyes, about the size of my fist, were staring at me in surprise. He also could talk! “Have you seen Voldemort, the wicked black-magician?” he asked me. “No”, I replied. “But I can surely help you find him” I added. He nodded his head and we set off accordingly. He was taking me further towards the castle that.

error: Content is protected !!