Causes Of Environmental Crises Free Writing Sample

The extensive occupation of diverse regions of the world by people is proof of humankind’s dominance on earth. Still, the dominance has laid waste to balance in nature by causing extensive environmental crises. Undeniable evidence points to human-induced climate and environmental problems impacting the earth’s systems and species, resulting in an uncharted territory characterized by eminent danger to all life forms on earth. Environmental crises like extreme weather conditions and animal extinction result from human activities, perceptions, and inventions. This article aims to analyze the causes of the environmental crises from the perspective of Daniel Quinn’s Ishmael. The article argues that perceived human dominance over nature and other species, dependence on science and technology, and rapid population growth cause environmental crises.

Perceived human dominance over nature and other species has caused harm to the environment through harmful and inconsiderate human activities. Quinn introduces the view that humanity does not recognize eminent extinction because of the `leavers versus takers` mentality. Takers constitute the dominant culture that considers humans the world’s rulers, while leavers constitute tribal groups whose lives align with basic rules that influence other populations in the world (Quinn 44). takers` dominance mentality has pervaded the world because people use earth’s resources according to their own will and without considering factors such as the sustainability of other species and the resources. The dominance has increased the depletion of natural resources, mass extinction of other animal species, and extensive environmental pollution. Deforestation, characterized by a disregard for the role of trees and plants in providing conducive climatic conditions, results from the view that humans dominate the world. Encroachment of natural habitats and animal slaughter also indicates the takers’ dominant mentality. Furthermore, clearing natural habitats for livestock farming is also a show of dominance, which leads to global warming because livestock animals release methane (a greenhouse gas). Human activities resulting from man’s dominance lead to environmental crises, including animal extinction, climate and weather extremes, and worsening health conditions.

Dependence on science and technology has also caused the environmental crises which the world is experiencing, as humans have ignored the natural order of things in favor of supporting scientific and technological advancement. Ishmael notes that takers have taken resources to develop their systems, consequently destroying other important sources of sustenance in the world (47). The author affirms that behavior rooted in technological dependence will lead to extinction. Specifically, manufacturing companies, miners, and other enterprises and institutions focus on retrieving resources to develop and maintain systems that devastate the environment. Nevertheless, there is little or no regard for effective interventions that can offset the negative effects. For instance, fossil fuels and cement production release carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, while fertilizers emit nitrous oxide. At the same time, humans cut down forests to use lumber for constructing houses, yet forests remove and store carbon dioxide from the atmosphere (Pancehco et al. 238). As a result, depleting and damaging the natural environment increase. Focusing on technology leads to the rise in greenhouse gases that trap heat, and greenhouse gases are the predominant causal agent for rising global temperatures and climate change. Dependence on technology and ignoring the environmental degradation caused by its pursuit is thus a form of willful blindness, where humanity sees the devastating effects which might cause the demise of all life but fails to address them.

Rapid population growth is another cause of environmental crises. The narrator invokes the theory of population growth the Thomas Malthus to depict the crises facing humans and the environment. The Malthusian theory explains that the human population grows more rapidly than the food supply until famines or other environmental and sociopolitical factors reduce the population (Quinn 58). Hence, the environmental crises resulting from population growth are visible from two points of view. Rapid human population growth affects the environment through proliferated consumption of resources, including land, food, water, air, fossil fuels, and minerals. In other words, higher populations imply higher land encroachment and depletion of natural resources to satisfy the high demand. However, trying to meet the needs leads to unsustainable practices, as circumstantial evidence shows that increase in population is directly proportional to a decrease in environmental sustainability (Kortetmäki and Oksanen 732).

Moreover, while population size is part of the problem, the issue is more nuanced since many factors are at play. Environmental devastation due to rapid population growth revolves around distribution density, migration patterns, urbanization), composition 9age, sex, and income levels), and consumption patterns. Rapid population growth can also cause environmental crises due to waste products due to consumption, such as air and water pollutants, toxic materials, and greenhouse gases. In short, rapid population growth leads to environmental problems because of people’s measure of productive land and water necessary for the consumption and absorption of wastes that people produce. The rapid population makes it impossible for the environment to sustain the demands of every individual without negative effects.

In summary, this article determines that perceived human dominance causes environmental crises because of harmful and inconsiderate human activities; dependence on science and technology depletes resources and ignores the natural order of things. At the same time, rapid population growth leads to unsustainable practices and implications. Regardless, environmental crises can reduce if the `takers` (humans) relinquish their `ownership,` reduce population growth, and facilitate other species` survival.

Works Cited

Kortetmäki, Teea., & Oksanen, Markku. Is there a convincing case for climate veganism? Agriculture and Human Values, 37, 729–740 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10460-020-10182-x

Pacheco, Luis., Altrichter, Mariana., Beck, Harald., & Buchori, Damayanti. Economic growth is a major cause of environmental crisis. BioScience, 68(4), 238-249, 2018, https://doi.org/10.1093/biosci/biy006

Quinn, Daniel. Ishmael. Bantam Books, 2017.

Causes Of Medication Errors In The Hospital Setting Writing Sample

Introduction

The purpose of this paper is to explore medication errors in the healthcare setting. Medication errors are a serious problem in the healthcare industry and can have disastrous consequences. Various reasons can cause medication errors, and medical professionals must be aware of all of these aspects to reduce the occurrence of medication errors successfully. This paper will explore the causes of medication errors, including a proposed solution, possible ethical implications, how they can be prevented, and their impact on patients and the healthcare system.

Elements of the problem/issue

When a patient receives the incorrect drug prescribed by their healthcare professional, this is an example of a medication error. This may occur if the healthcare practitioner is in a hurry and does not have time to check the prescription twice or if the healthcare professional is simply not paying attention to what they are doing. This kind of mistake can have very serious consequences since it may cause the patient to take a prescription to which they are allergic or which may negatively interact with other medications they are currently taking.

Analysis

It was a typical Tuesday morning at the clinic. The waiting room was full of patients waiting to be seen by their primary care physicians. The receptionists were busy answering phone calls and checking in patients. The nurses were running around getting patients ready to be seen. The medical assistants took vitals and updated charts. Suddenly, one of the nurses came out of a patient’s room and said, “We have a problem.” The nurse explained that the patient had been prescribed the wrong medication. The patient had been prescribed a medication that they were allergic to. The nurse said that the patient was reacting to the medication and was having difficulty breathing. The patient was then taken to the E.R. for treatment. The clinic staff was in shock. They could not believe they had prescribed a patient the wrong medication. They were all worried about the patient and wondered if they would be okay.

The clinic staff started to review the prescribing process to see where the error had occurred. They soon realized that the error had occurred when the prescription was entered into the computer system. The wrong medication had been prescribed because of a typo. The clinic staff was relieved that the error had been caught and that the patient would be okay. They were also thankful they had a system to review prescriptions for errors. This incident highlights the importance of having systems in place to catch errors before they cause harm to patients. It also highlights the importance of having a system to review prescriptions for errors.

Considering Options

Medical mistake concerns me for several reasons. First and foremost, a medical error can hurt or kill. Medical error costs money and effort. Finally, adequate training helps prevent medical errors. Medical errors cause most U.S. deaths and injuries. According to the New England Journal of Medicine, medical error is the third greatest cause of death in the U.S., after heart disease and cancer. Medical errors kill almost 250,000 individuals annually, the study showed. This alarming statistic underscores the need for healthcare safety improvements. Medical error is costly. According to JAMA research, medical error costs the U.S. healthcare system $20 billion annually (Jaqua & Jaqua, 2019). This cost covers treatment and indirect costs like missed productivity. Medical errors will cost more as the population ages and the healthcare system gets more sophisticated. Prevent medical mistakes. Medical mistake prevention requires training. Healthcare providers need safety and error prevention training. They require tools and resources to avoid errors. Healthcare firms also need error detection and correction systems. I care about medical errors since they can have catastrophic implications. Preventing medical errors saves money. Medical mistake prevention requires training. Healthcare providers need safety and error prevention training. They require tools and resources to avoid errors. Healthcare firms also need error detection and correction systems.

Children, the elderly, and pregnant women are especially prone to medical blunders. Medical errors can potentially harm persons with chronic conditions or various drugs. Medication mistakes kill at least one American every day and harm 1.3 million. The prescribing doctor, pharmacist, and nurse can all make these mistakes. In one study, 5.8% of hospital patients had an adverse medication event, 31.8% of which were preventable. Medication errors are caused by three main factors: prescription, dispensing, and administration problems. When doctors prescribe the wrong drug, dosage, or frequency, errors can arise. They can also arise when a doctor overlooks a patient’s allergies or other prescriptions that may interact with the new medication.

Solution

The use of an electronic prescribing system is one solution that has been proposed to help reduce the problem of medication errors. This system would allow doctors and other prescribers to enter patient information and medication orders into a computer, generating a list of possible errors. The computer would also warn the prescriber if there were a potential error. There are several advantages to using an electronic prescribing system (“Electronic Prescribing System Cuts Dispensing Errors by Almost Half in One Trust,” 2022). First, it would help to ensure that the correct medication is prescribed for the correct patient. Second, it would help to ensure that the correct dose of the medication is prescribed. Third, it would help to ensure that the correct route of administration is prescribed. Fourth, it would help to ensure that the correct frequency of administration is prescribed. Fifth, it would provide a record of all medications prescribed for a particular patient, which would be useful for both the patient and the prescriber. There are also some disadvantages to using an electronic prescribing system. First, it would require a significant investment of time and resources. Second, there is a potential for errors to occur if the system is not used properly. Third, there is a potential for the system to be hacked or for unauthorized access to patient information. Fourth, there is a potential for the system to fail or to be unavailable when it is needed. Fifth, there is a potential for the system to generate false positives or false negatives.

Implementation

Medication prescribing and dispensing must be changed to accomplish the proposed medication error remedy. First, all prescriptions must include the medication’s name, dose, and prescribing doctor’s contact information. All medications must be labeled with their name and dosage. The medication would also need to be labeled and given to patients with instructions. A system that allows patients to rapidly check their medications against a list of all their medications would help prevent medication errors. Patients should also be reminded to maintain track of their drugs and report errors to their doctors. Healthcare providers must be taught to prescribe, dispense, and report medication errors. Medication error complaints must also be tracked and investigated (Panca et al., 2018). Patients and healthcare providers must be educated on these new practices to prevent pharmaceutical errors.

Medication mistakes can lead to patients taking the wrong medication. This may cause health issues or death. If they take the improper dosage, patients may not benefit from their medication. This may aggravate or mismanage their symptoms. Taking the wrong medication can cause health issues. If a patient takes a contraindicated medicine, they may develop new and potentially significant side effects. Medication errors can damage patient-provider trust if not addressed. This may discourage patients from seeking medical care or following their doctor’s advice. Medication errors raise healthcare expenses (Hassan, 2018). If a patient is hospitalized after taking the wrong drug, their insurance company may have to pay. Medication errors can lead to lawsuits against healthcare providers. The patient or family may receive financial penalties or damages. Medication errors can kill, especially if a life-threatening patient receives the wrong drug. Medication errors can potentially affect other individuals taking similar drugs. If one patient takes the wrong prescription and has a bad reaction, other patients receiving the same medication may reconsider their therapy. Medication blunders can damage a hospital’s reputation. If a clinician or institution has a history of prescription errors, other patients may avoid it. Finally, ignoring medication errors can indicate that the healthcare provider or facility does not prioritize patient safety. This could damage the provider-community connection and reduce funding.

Ethical Implications

Beneficence is the principle that dictates that we ought to act in ways that promote the well-being of others. This principle would require that any potential solution to medication errors promote patients’ well-being. Nonmaleficence is the principle that dictates that we ought not to act in ways that cause harm to others. This principle would require that any potential solution to the issue of medication errors not cause harm to patients. Autonomy is the principle that dictates that we ought to respect the autonomy of others, which includes their right to make decisions about their own lives. This principle would require that any potential solution to the issue of medication errors respect patients’ autonomy by allowing them to make decisions about their care. Justice is the principle that dictates that we ought to treat others fairly and equitably. This principle would require that any potential solution to the issue of medication errors be implemented in a way that is fair and equitable to all patients.

Beneficence must be considered when implementing a potential solution to the issue of medication errors (“Ethical Principles in Healthcare,” 2020). This principle dictates that healthcare professionals act in their patient’s best interests. In other words, they should ensure that their patients receive the best care and minimize any risks. One study found that 4.1% of all hospital admissions in the United States were associated with a medication error. Of these errors, 28.6% were considered major, defined as errors that resulted in death, permanent disability, or a length of stay in the hospital of 3 days or more. The most common type of error was an inappropriate medication error, accounting for 19.6% of all errors.

Conclusion

There is no doubt that medication errors are a serious problem in the healthcare industry. They can lead to serious consequences for patients, including death. Some factors contribute to medication errors, such as poor communication between healthcare providers, incorrect dosage, and incorrect labeling. Healthcare providers must be aware of the potential for medication errors and take steps to prevent them. They should communicate clearly with each other and patients to ensure that the correct medication is prescribed and dispensed. They should also be sure to follow the correct dosage and administration instructions. Patients also need to be aware of the potential for medication errors and take steps to prevent them. They should make sure that they understand the instructions for taking their medication. They should also be sure to tell their healthcare providers about allergies or other medical conditions that could affect their ability to take a particular medication. Medication errors are a serious problem, but they are preventable. By improving communication and following the correct procedures, healthcare providers and patients can help ensure that the correct medication is taken every time.

References

Electronic prescribing system cuts dispensing errors by almost half in one trust. (2022). Pharmaceutical Journal. https://doi.org/10.1211/pj.2022.1.157602

Panca, A., Fitriasari, N., & Supartiwi, W. (2018). Medication Error Factors, Safety Guideline System, Flow of Drug Usage, and Code of Conduct to Prevent Medication Error. Bioinformatics and Biomedical Research Journal1(2), 28–32. https://doi.org/10.11594/bbrj.01.02.01

Jaqua, T., & Jaqua, E. (2019). Analyzing the Performance of the U.S. Healthcare System. Journal of Nursing and Healthcare Management2(1), 1–2. https://doi.org/10.18875/2639-7293.2.102

Ethical principles in healthcare. (2020). The Pharmaceutical Journal. https://doi.org/10.1211/pj.2015.20068954

Hassan, I. (2018). Avoiding Medication Errors through Effective Communication in Healthcare Environment. SSRN Electronic Journal. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3573437

Challenges And Proposed Solutions In Digital Forensics Essay Example For College

Introduction

The creation and consumption of information services are changing due to cloud computing. Technology has evolved to include a paradigm of numerous stakeholders, geographical independence, an elastic on-demand supply of computational power, and cloud computing. Internet, servers, processing, storage applications, and services are examples of resources. Through cloud computing, customers can provision and expand computer resources cost-effectively without having to deal with complicated technology or any necessary infrastructure requirements (Achar, 2022). The forensic analysis technique on the web is called cloud forensics, and the conventional means of digital forensics are inadmissible as evidence in legal proceedings for several reasons. Regarding cloud computing and digital forensics, I will discuss challenges faced by the identification, preservation, and acquisition process and give the solutions to these challenges.

Decentralization of data challenges faced in the identification process and proposed solution

The network structure of cloud computing enables data to be generated, stored, analyzed, and disseminated over several data centers and physical equipment dispersed globally and possibly across several different jurisdictions. To achieve redundant information, data is duplicated to other servers. Physical replication and distribution of the stored data inside a data center are done, and the data may be divided across several data centers (CHOI, 2018). The efficiency and accessibility of the data centers affect how the data is distributed. In cloud-based computing environments, where accessibility to remote data centers is unavailable, and the data centers may be located abroad, data stored across several systems or storage devices make it more difficult to identify and collect potential digital evidence. Decreased data centers in foreign nations may present jurisdictional difficulties when searching and demand to find digital evidence. This challenge can be solved using a three-tier structure for cloud forensic investigation based on a pay-as-you-go approach that allows customers to independently tailor forensics using any purchased advanced forensic instrument, including IaaS, PaaS, and SaaS).

Inaccessibility to virtual instances in the preservation stage

Due to extremely restricted or no accessibility to the virtual instances, cloud computing’s virtualization nature affects evidence gathering. Even within the IaaS cloud platform scenario, your cloud service provider (CSP) is already in charge of the user’s virtual machine (VM), the internet infrastructure, the hypervisor, and even the real touchable hardware of the information center. The virtualization of data storage in network computing results in difficulties in identifying and isolating actual storage systems in locations where the information of cloud users can be used or stored. Virtualization of content can be dispersed among various regions, physical devices, and legal jurisdictions. Virtual servers may require gathering evidence using virtualization software, affecting the chain of custody, the evidence’s reliability, and the court evidence’s validity. Linkages among VMs, the address of the physical host server, and how data is kept in physical and virtual storage are all opaque from the CSP. Since the data is kept in several VMs inaccessible in cloud virtualization, there is an overall loss of oversight over the investigation process. Opponents can also close down and terminate virtual machines (VMs) to perpetrate crimes. Because the VM is terminated, all supporting data and logs are destroyed. This challenge can be combated by developing a forensic platform that can gather forensic information outside the environment of the cloud in order to decrease dependency on the CSP.

Chain of custody challenge and proposed solution in the acquisition stage

The custody chain is the process through which evidence is located, safeguarded, collected, reviewed, and evaluated for it to be admitted in court. The term “chain of custody” relates to several factors, including the identifying of devices, physical control over the devices, the capture of information, whether the equipment was turned on or off, and how the evidence was stored to guard against future tampering with the evidence. Every person interacting with the data is also listed in the chains of custody. The custody chain of the proof has evolved into a concern in today’s computing environment for the credibility of court evidence (Ali et al., 2018). The investigator cannot provide evidence on the preservation and acquisition of evidential data because she lacks access to the actual servers. In a very dynamic setting, the investigator might have to rely on CSP to collect evidence. Any data gathering or corruption issue might cause major issues in the chain of custody. Therefore the investigator must exclusively depend on the CSP’s assurance that the facts were collected properly. This challenge can be tackled by deploying a hypervisor, which can be reliable for live forensics.

Conclusion

There are still many concerns that cloud forensics must address, which have not been solved by the study to discover solutions. The primary problem with cloud data collection is its wide range of issues. Service providers will need to apply techniques and technologies developed via extensive research to retrieve the data required by prosecutors in a forensically rightful manner. Also, workgroups comprising cloud forensic specialists such as law enforcement, IT specialists, and various cloud parties should spear out these challenges and find long-term solutions that can be implemented in various safe countries where these crimes are committed.

Reference

Achar, S. (2022). Cloud Computing Forensics. International Journal of Computer Engineering and Technology13(3). https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sandesh-Achar/publication/363456595_CLOUD_COMPUTING_FORENSICS/links/631ce115071ea12e3622a6b5/CLOUD-COMPUTING-FORENSICS.pdf

Ali, S. A., Memon, S., & Sahito, F. (2018, August). Challenges and solutions in cloud forensics. In Proceedings of the 2018 2nd International Conference on Cloud and Big Data Computing (pp. 6-10). https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3264560.3264565

CHOI, D. H. (2021). Digital forensic: Challenges and solution in the protection of corporate crime. The Journal of Industrial Distribution & Business12(6), 47–55. https://koreascience.kr/article/JAKO202116542527645.page