Character Influences Towards Scout English Literature Free Essay

Atticus influences Scout to be brave, honest, and civilized. He says “I wanted you to see what existent bravery is, alternatively of acquiring the thought that bravery is a adult male with a gun in his manus.” ( Pg. 116 ) He is seeking to enforce the thought of making the right thing even though others might doubt him. His finding to support Tom Robinson causes Jem and Scout to acquire a batch of heartache from others in the town.

Atticus tries to explicate to Scout why he ‘s making what he ‘s making in this instance. “If you should n’t be defendin ‘ him, so why are you doin ‘ it?” “For a figure of grounds,” said Atticus. “The chief 1 is, if I did n’t I could n’t keep up my caput in town, I could n’t stand for this county in the legislative assembly, I could n’t even state you or Jem non to make something once more. Scout, merely by the nature of the work, every attorney gets at least one instance in his life-time that affects him personally. This 1 ‘s mine, I guess.” ( 9.16-21 ) For Atticus, being a attorney is non merely a occupation ; it ‘s a personal committedness to justness, and to work out jobs through the jurisprudence instead than through force. In his shutting comments at Tom ‘s test, Atticus argues for large rules like equality and responsibility, but he ne’er loses sight of the fact that in the terminal its human existences and their picks that make equality either base or hesitation.

He taught Scout to ever make the right thing and be brave: take a base and battle with your head non utilizing force. He tells her, “You ne’er truly understand a individual until you consider things from his point of position until you climb into his tegument and walk about in it.” ( Pg. 34 ) In order for Lookout to be civilized and humane, he ever shows that he cares and he ‘s willing to hear both sides of the narrative to be just. As Scout tells Uncle Jack, “When Jem an ‘ I fuss Atticus does n’t of all time merely listen to Jem ‘s side of it, he hears mine excessively” ( 9.46 ).

Scout besides tells Miss Maudie, “Atticus do n’t of all time make anything to Jem and me in the house that he do n’t make in the pace” ( 5.53 ). Atticus runs his household like a justice: he ‘s the 1 in charge, and has a sound set of regulations that he expects his childs to follow. In that procedure, he besides makes certain that both sides have their say. Both Jem and Scout respect Atticus and appreciate the things he does for them.

Atticus recognizes their jobs, gives them the advice they need, and lets his kids handle their jobs. When raising his kids, he tries to acquire them to understand non merely how they should act, but why they should act in that mode. He treats them with extreme regard and self-respect so that they will make the same towards him and others. Atticus has a positive influence on Lookout and this helps her mature throughout the narrative. Calpurnia influences Scout to be respectful and influences her as a motherly figure.

She is a function theoretical account for Scout ; she sets an illustration for Scout ‘s behaviour and freely stairss in to rectify her behaviour when necessary.A One such instance of this is when Jem invites Walter Cunningham over for dinner and Scout shrieks at Walters ‘s atrocious table manners and exclaims to see him utilizing all of their molasses.A Calpurnia rapidly pulls Scout into the kitchen to complete her repast there and explains to her that her behaviour to their house guest was ill-mannered and inexcusable.A She so goes on to explicate to Scout how to decently handle a invitee, explicating to her the significance of her actions. For illustration “there ‘s some folks that do n’t eat like us but you ai n’t called on to belie ‘e at the tabular array when they don’t.A That male child ‘s yo comp’ny and if he wants to eat up the tabular array fabric you let him, you hear? Do n’t count who they are anybody sets foot in this house ‘s yo ‘ comp’ny, and do n’t you allow me catch you remarkin ‘ on their ways like you was so high and mighty!” ( Pg. 33 ) This shows how Cal is at that place to learn her right from incorrect, particularly when covering with screening and gaining regard. “It ‘s non necessary to state all you know. It ‘s non ladylike — in the 2nd topographic point, folks do n’t wish havin ‘ person around knowin ‘ more than they do.

It aggravates ’em.” ( Pg. 33 ) She wants Scout to understand humbleness that although cognition is a good thing, it ‘s non ever necessary to demo others how much you know. She is the closest thing to a female parent in Scouts life since her female parent passed off. She does the same actions that a female parent would make for Scout. She disciplines her, feeds her, and attentions for her. It was Cal who taught Scout to compose by holding her transcript chapters from the Bible and honoring her if Cal judged Scout ‘s calligraphy to be satisfactory, but Scout did n’t appreciate that and alternatively ended up hating Cal for it.

Cal treated her with tenderness when Scout needed kindness. After Scout ‘s really unsmooth first twenty-four hours of school, Cal told her that she had been lonely without her and made a particular dainty for her “cracklin ‘ staff of life”. It surprised Scout that Calpurnia had kissed her. This shows Cal ‘s gentle and motherly side. Cal protected Jem and Scout when they went to the Nigger church.

Lula impolitely says, “You ai n’t got no concern conveying ‘ white chillun here – they got their church, we got our’n. Pg.158 ) Lula illustrates bias and discriminates against Jem and Scout ; she treats Jem and Scout unfairlyA because of their racial identity.A Calpurnia stairss in and Tells Lula “halt right at that place nigger, they ‘s my comp’ny.” ( Pg. 158 ) As a motherly figure she does her best to support Jem and Scouts rights. Calpurnia opens up Scout ‘s eyes to a different universe.

Lookout learns that Cal lives a “modest dual life,” that she is extremely educated and respected among her equals, and that she will support them against anyone if she needs to. She shows Scout the love and compassion as a female parent would but besides is rigorous and disciplines her so that Lookout can gain and demo regard. Jem influences Scout to be more mature and brave. However by brave he means standing up for himself and making the right thing when you know that it is.

After the Radley raid incident Jem starts to insulate himself. “Jem stayed Moody and silent for a hebdomad. As Atticus had one time advised me to make, I tried to mount into Jem ‘s tegument and walk about in it: if I had gone entirely to the Radley Place at two in the forenoon, my funeral would hold been held the following afternoon. So I left Jem entirely and tried non to trouble oneself him.” ( Pg.77 ). During visits past Mrs.

Dubose ‘s house she said that “Atticus lawed for niggas and rubbish and that he was no better than the niggas and rubbish he worked for. “( Pg.135 ) Inevitably, this sets Jem on a destroying violent disorder. He destroys all of Mrs. Dubose white camelia and interruptions Scouts new wand.

( Pg.137 ) His penalty was that he had to read to Mrs. Dubose every twenty-four hours after school and Saturdays for a whole month. When Mrs. Dubose died Jem found out that she was a morphine nut and that ‘s what caused all her tantrums. Before she died she had Jessie repair up a confect box for Jem and inside it was a “white, waxy, perfect camelia. “( Pg.148 ) Jem learns non to prejudice people.

It is merely after Mrs. Dubose dies that Jem learns that she has bravely withdrawn herself from the pain-killing morphia to which she has become addicted. Jem learns to be patient and brave from Mrs. Dubose and influences it on Scout. For illustration, when Jem urged Scout non to “antagonise” Aunt Alexandria since Atticus “has got a batch on his head now, without us worrying him.

“( Pg.157 ) A He wants Scout to larn to be respectful to Atticus and wants her to maturate up to do wise determinations. Another illustration was when the rabble threatened Atticus at the gaol, Jem refused to go forth when told to make so by his male parent ; he bravely insists upon remaining in order to seek to forestall the work forces from making anything to Atticus.A Scout wanted to follow his brave act and she spoke to Mr. Cunningham to quiet the tenseness of the angry men.A By singling him out, Scout made him uncomfortable and so the work forces left.A ( Pg.205-206 ) He had taught her to stand up for what she believed in and to be really courageous and bold. Finally, at the terminal of Tom Robinson ‘s test, Tom was declared guilty when Jem and Scout are both present for the verdict.A The kids know that an guiltless adult male has been found guilty, although Jem takes it really hard.A He cries as they make their manner through the crowd of people.A” It ai n’t right, Atticus,” said Jem.” ( Pg. 212 ) JemA has taught Scout that he believes in justness and what is right.

Jem influences Scout by all his day-to-day actions. He wants her to appreciate life by believing and contending for justness, non merely by being brave but brave and mature.

Characters In Hamlet

Hamlet- Documented Essay Marcellus’ quote, “Something is rotten in the state of Denmark” (I, iv, 100), is the overall theme to Act I, of Shakespeare’s Hamlet, but can also relate to the whole play. When he said it, it was only to mean that something suspicious was occurring and things didn’t seem right. However, it encompasses a lot more than Marcellus planned it to. During this time setting, different events were happening which caused major corruption within the country. Even though Denmark from the outside world appeared as a well functioning nation, inside, people were beginning to suffer from the disease of corruption. The cause and effect relationship begins to quickly spread the disease throughout the characters” (unknown author). In Hamlet, we see that as the play progresses, three main characters become rotten with corruption; Claudius, Polonius and Hamlet. Claudius and Hamlet try to hide it at first, but it soon becomes too much and they eventually can‘t hold it in any longer. Polonius on the other hand, is open about his motives from the beginning and doesn’t see anything wrong with what he is doing.

All throughout Act I we see different relations to the quote, “Something is rotten in the state of Denmark. ” To start off, they have an immoral King running the country. Not only did he kill his own brother for the crown, but then married his brother’s wife to gain power and the position of King. When Horatio states, “In what particular thought to work I know not, but in the gross and scope of my opinion, this bodes some strange eruption to our state” (I, i, 79-81), he is warning the audience that there is disorder in society, and it foreshadows that bad events have occurred and are to come.

Another example of rotten conditions in Act I is the presumption from other nations that Denmark is filled with low life drunks that cause ruckus all the time. Hamlet says, “This heavy headed revel east and west makes us traduced and taxed of other nations- They clepe us drunkards, and with swinish phrase soil our addition; and indeed it takes from our achievements, thought performed at height, the pith and marrow of our attribution” (I, iv, 20-25). Hamlet is disappointed by the nation’s custom to celebrate everything by drinking.

It lower’s their reputation as a country, as well as diminishes their achievements observed by others. He thinks people see past Denmark’s good deeds to society and just account them for the ugly attributes of sin. Prior to the appearance of the Ghost, everyone believed that the Late King died of a snake bite. For some reason it never sat right with Hamlet, and he was definitely questionable about his uncle’s motives on marrying his mother so quickly after the funeral. However, he couldn’t prove Claudius had any part in the murder.

Subsequent to talking with the Ghost of the Late King, Hamlet learns that Claudius, the King of Denmark, killed his father. The Ghost states, “’Tis given out that, sleeping in my orchard, a serpent stung me; so the whole ear of Denmark is by a forged process of my death rankly abused; but know, thou noble youth, the serpent that did sting thy father’s life now wears his crown” (I, v, 40-45). That quote marked a pivotal moment in the play, as well as defined the major sense of rottenness. It indeed proved Claudius to be a lying deceitful man, who is just power hungry.

He went so far, to poison his own brother so he could gain the crown. About three months after the funeral, Claudius, married his own brother’s wife Gertrude and inherited the throne to become King of Denmark. After discovering the truths of his father’s murder, Hamlet made it imperative in his mind to kill Claudius. However, before plotting any permanent plans, he first wrote a play called, “The Mouse Trap” which perfectly depicted the murder of his father. He gathered everyone to watch it and put Horatio in charge of watching the King’s reaction to the murder scene.

As the man died in the play, the King stood up screaming and ordered the lights to be turned on. Horatio and Hamlet then concurred that he was indeed guilty, and it was time to plot revenge. As for critics, many people do agree that Denmark wasn’t going down such a good path. “Rotting from Within: The Disease of Corruption in Shakespeare’s Hamlet” is an excellent article that discusses what exactly was rotten in Denmark and where the problems originated from. The unknown author says, “The play unfolds from a single act, King Hamlet’s murder.

However the tragedy of the play’s conclusion involves much more,” which shows he also believes that the whole tragedy of the play unfolds from the murder of King Hamlet. There are many other effects that eventually deteriorate the nation, however that was the first and major cause. Jared Collins, author of “An Introspective Look at Corruption from Hamlet”, believes most of the corruption in Denmark is based on the issue of power. “The first link in this chain of corruption hinges on power. He [Claudius] has no qualms about killing for his crown”(Collins).

Claudius’ hunger for power is the source of his corrupted behavior. He goes so far to slaughter his own brother, and then marry his own brother’s wife to gain the crown. Even though Claudius claims to love Gertrude so much by saying, “She’s so conjunctive to my life and soul, that, as the star moves not but in his sphere, I could not by her” (IV, vii, 14-16), we see that he really doesn’t. At the end of the play, Gertrude drinks from the poisoned cup. If Claudius did love her as he claimed, he would have stopped her, or grabbed the cup from her.

Instead he says, “It is the poison’d cup! It is too late” (V, ii, 296). Although the problems are laid out in Act I, we still see bits of rottenness throughout the rest of the play. For example, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, who were once Hamlet’s close friends, spy on him for the King, when everyone thinks he has gone mad. Later on in Act IV, Hamlet sends the messengers off with a message to have them killed. The state becomes so bad, we see friends turning on each other, even to the point of possibly getting them killed.

If being distraught from the grief of his father’s murder wasn’t enough, Polonius is another character that brings havoc to Hamlet’s life and the state of Denmark. While trying to uncover the cause of Hamlet’s madness, Polonius does a few things that eventually cost him his life. First, him and Claudius feel Hamlet might be in love with Polonius’ daughter Ophelia, so they ask her to break up with him, and they spy on her conversation with Hamlet. Not only did Polonius cause Hamlet to lose another love in his life, he also destroyed a well rounded relationship.

Then Polonius decided to spy on Gertrude’s conversation with Hamlet after making the King extremely upset because of “The Mouse Trap”. Hamlet sees Polonius move behind the curtain, and thinks it’s Claudius so he stabs him death. If Polonius wasn’t so involved in spying on Hamlet all the time, he would have never died. With all the drama going on, Ophelia drowns herself, because she cannot deal with losing Hamlet and her father. When Laertes comes home from college for his father’s funeral, Claudius gladly helps him plan a murder against Hamlet, because he obviously sees Hamlet as a threat.

Polonius is definitely the most obvious corrupted character in Hamlet. He is very open with all of his actions and plans, which eventually lead him to his death. “His death- physical corruption- is a precursor, signifying to the audience the ultimate fate of all those characters exhibiting signs of corruption” (Moriarity). Polonius is the first character to die because of corrupted behavior and is an example of what happens to corrupted individuals. His death really does reflect the consequences that one man faces when they act in such manners.

The unknown author from “Rotting from Within”, makes it a point to discuss all aspects of Polonius’ corruption. Not only does he try to be sly and spy on Hamlet but he also questions the actions of his children. He sends Reynaldo to spy on Laertes at college, and tells him to find out what trouble his son is getting into. He openly ends his daughter’s relationship with Hamlet, and in the end realizes it wasn’t even necessary to do so, but still doesn’t apologize. Evidently, corruption in a society is hard to maintain, and in this case, it was out of control.

The incestuous marriage between Gertrude and Claudius, the revenge Hamlet plots, and the spying of Polonius all coil back down to one cause; the murder of King Hamlet. It is quite unfortunate that death faced almost every character in the end, except for Horatio and Fortinbras who were able to stay free of the “disease” the whole time. “A stagnant disease, with no cure, that inevitably leads to death: corruption. Thus is each of the characters in Hamlet infected, led astray of their sense of morality and loyalty and ultimately finding death as their penance” (unknown author). Works Cited Collins, Jareb. An Introspective Look at Corruption from Hamlet”. Associated Content. 13 October 2006. http://www. associatedcontent. com/article/70560/an_introspective_look_at_corruption. html Moriarity, Robert. “William Shakespeare Hamlet: Corruption- An Incurable Disease”. October 2001. http://www. literature-study-online. com/essays/hamlet_corruption. html “Rotting from Within: The Disease of Corruption in Shakespeare’s Hamlet”. Associated Content. 28 February 2007. http://www. associatedcontent. com/article/156480/rotting_from_within_the_disease_of. html Shakespeare, William. Hamlet. Lodi, New Jersey: Everbind Books, 1986.

Child Beauty Pageants

There are many pros and cons to entering beauty pageants. Most people feel that there is no reason to even enter a child into a beauty pageant at all. Some people believe that the mother of the child is trying to re-live her childhood through her child, and obtain glory in some other way. Then on the other hand, there are the many pageant moms who have fun and have the funds available to be able to take the pageant world by storm and enter all the categories necessary to win a crown for their child and have fun at the same time.

Based on my own experiences with child beauty pageants, I feel that the time, effort, and costs associated with the pageant world are very stressful and time consuming, and my child had fun, but at the same time felt the pressure of having to feel that she needed to win to fit in with the other girls who may have been doing pageants their whole lives. According to buzzle. com, “The process through which a child becomes fit and worthy enough to enter a pageant is an absolutely rigorous one and teaches the child a lot.

As the contestants progress towards the pageant and the crown, the whole experience is mesmerizing and can be life changing. On the other hand, it is hard work and leaves alone the physical demands; such a contest takes a toll on your mental state as well. That can be worse than the physical stress. ” The stress of participating a pageant can be very stressful on kids. They have tendencies to not want to eat, sleep, and they get really cranky when something doesn’t go the way they want it to. The kids always feel that they have to win in order to make their parents happy, which is a very unhealthy thing for a child.

In doing pageants with my daughter, I found out that she felt that she had to be perfect at everything she did in order to impress the judges because she thought it would make me happy. All I wanted for her was to have fun, make friends, and enjoy traveling to different places and competing. The outfits that the children wear can be very expensive to obtain, or to put together. I know I have spent thousands of dollars over at least 9 years of my daughter’s life attending and participating in beauty pageants. Buzzle. om says, “Getting into a beauty pageant, presenting a child flawlessly and gracefully in front of the others is a fantastic booster for the child’s self-confidence. Furthermore, looking good, is another asset and habit the child gets into through a beauty pageant. Well, a disadvantage is that the child might start becoming too superficial and may give importance only to outer appearance rather than sensing the deeper meanings of things. ” A lot of the pageant scenes promise big money and lots of trophies and crowns for the winners, and make everything glamorous.

But in reality, what you usually end up getting is a ribbon and a small 6 inch trophy or even a certificate showing that you competed. It’s all a farce when it comes down to it. The pageant leaders suck you in just to get your money. In the end, the parents walk away with less money in their pockets and a child that feels like they let themselves down. Their self- esteem goes right out the window. “A beauty pageant is not just about being rewarding for the child as a person, but it is rewarding in the materialistic sense as well (who wouldn’t mind earning a few good bucks eh! . Most of the times pageant winners get cash prizes, a chance to travel and explore places as well as scholarships, with regards to teen beauty pageants,” says buzzle. com. “This is in addition to the trophy or crown and ribbon. On the downside, if the pageant involves traveling around, there is a financial and emotional stress on all family members. ” Pageants can help for some of the older participants in building their self-esteem and make themselves feel better. They have a whole new respect for themselves and their competitors.

They can truly figure out that beauty is only skin deep, but friendships and experiences last a lifetime. The child can come away with a positive outlook on pageants instead of a negative one and feel some sort of accomplishment. Buzzle. com also added, “A pageant can help individuals become go-getters and achieve what they want. Consequently, those who win are brimming with confidence. On the other hand, those who are mentally not strong enough might not be able to bear the pain of losing and not achieving what they want. This can lead them to go into depression.

Those who won might become snobbish and over confident, paying no heed to others. This is amongst the unfortunate but significant beauty pageant pros and cons. ” The website, Buzzle. com goes on to say, “They say that the child’s intelligence and congeniality is tested, but a child never knows what the judges have on their mind. But there are some who vehemently claim that the judges do test the intelligence of the contestants and there are activities where they can display their intelligence. At least this is what facts about beauty pageants state.

The winner or the top 5 or 10 contestants of the beauty pageant have a great chance to be role models for the ‘mere mortals’. Be it social service or excelling in their careers and academics, this is what they put across for others to follow. On the contrary, some might misuse this platform for all the wrong reasons and for their vested interest, rather than doing something for others. ” Lastly, if a child wants to participate in a beauty pageant, fine, but avoid going overboard about it. There are some who can go to any extent to be the Miss or Mr.

Perfect and still lose everything. Moreover, the race to have that perfect body and face can result in eating disorders detrimental for an individual’s health. Beauty pageant pros and cons should be seriously considered by those wanting to enter one. An individual should have a very strong reason and self determination to sail through. Only then it is worth a shot. This is totally relevant to what Oscar Wilde had said about beauty- “No object is so beautiful that, under certain conditions, it will not look ugly. “

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