Clients Or Challengers

The journal “Clients or Challengers? Tribal Constituents in Kuwait, Qatar and UEA”, by Courtney, evaluates the electronic impacts on the Qatar municipal council, Kuwaiti legislature and Emirati consultive council. The impacts aid in developing insights into the extent to which tribes undertake communal action via electronic campaigns (Freer, 2019). The article elaborates on the function of tribal groups in the Gulf states of UEA, Qatar and Kuwait. However, the author posits that the tribal groups in the three states play varying significant roles, such that some are challengers and others act as clients regarding their connection with the elites. The author emphasizes that tribal groups in Qatar are involved in the power structure of the elites (Freer, 2019). The tribal groups in this state are referred to as clients who rely on resources from Qatar. Tribes in UAE are perceived to be interlaced with the structure of the state under the Federal National Council. Despite the tribes being unified with the structure of the state, it is conventional with confined political influence. In addition, tribal groups present in Kuwait are perceived to be challengers who appeal to the political portrayal. The article uncovers political and social dynamics as aspects that manipulate the position of the tribal groups.

Following the ideas and thoughts of the author in the article provides a significant evaluation of the position of the tribal groups in Qatar, Kuwait and UEA. However, the presented roles of the tribes in the three states expound on their intricacies. The roles of the tribal groups unwrap on the significant relationship that the ruling elites have with the tribes. The article attempts to justify how the tribal groups live in Qatar, Kuwait and EUA (Freer, 2019). Besides the responses from the article, some critiques can be derived from the author’s ideas. For example, the period in which the context was released can easily affect its evaluation and analysis. The analysis of the article can be affected because the states in Gulf are confined to social and political manipulations, which can alter the roles of the tribal groups in the three states. Another critique that the article displays is that it concentrates only on the states of Qatar, Kuwait and the UEA, which cannot be effective since it cannot access the dynamics of other states of the Gulf like Oman (Freer, 2019). An external case that supports the argument of the author is the tribal dynamics of Kuwait. Tribal groups in Kuwait have been participating in political issues claiming political representation. Kuwait trial groups conducted demonstrations purposely for political liberty, depicting their position as the state’s challenges.

Chapter seven of “The Political System of Articulated Forms: The Conservative, Kin-Ordered Monarchies” is a section that tackles primarily the Gulf region, where the majority of the Arab monarchies are concentrated (Franklin, 2018). However, the chapter emphasizes how the monarchies that have hierarchical structure exists in kinship. Monarchies, as per the chapter, depict the position of kinship ties in power dynamics and the ruling of the monarchies. The chapter evaluates the difficulties that kin-ordered monarchies encounter, like legitimacy. and succession, which have serious political implications. Also, the chapter elaborates on how kinship ties can create and maintain loyalty for the elites and the necessity of monarchies stabilizing.

The article provides significant insights into how kinship ties and monarchies function and the influencing factors. The chapter helps in the understanding of political stability and maintenance of the status quo (Franklin, 2018). The chapter provides a great understanding of the challenges that conservative monarchies face. The chapter is significant because it delivers insights into governance, political systems and power dynamics. However, the chapter calls for critical thinking and evaluation of the position of kinship ties and the complexities that helps in shaping society. One of the critiques that can be extracted from the chapter is an overreliance on power which can lead to the emergence of vices like discrimination against leaders who are in power (Franklin, 2018). Also, the stability of the status quo can be an obstacle to development which can affect societies broadly. An external example that aligns with the chapter’s ideas is monarchies in France, and Austria-Hungary, which has conservative monarchies. The monarchies of France and Austria-Hungary encountered succession challenges, socio-economic issues and boundary disputes, which affected political stability. The monarchies in France and Austria-Hungary posit how exterior aspects affect kin-ordered monarchies.


Franklin, D. M. (2018). Chapter Seven: The Political System of Articulated Forms: The Conservative Kin-Ordered Monarchies.

Freer, C. (2019). Clients or Challengers? Tribal constituents in Kuwait, Qatar, and the UAE. British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies, 1–20.

Entertainment And Popular Culture: Shaping Perspectives, Fostering Diversity, And Empowering Society

Our evolving society has brought changes in entertainment and popular culture as a reflection of shifting values while shaping how we experience our surroundings. The growth of the entertainment industry through diverse representations from films, television, or music across various digital mediums such as streaming platforms or social media influencers has brought about not only newer forms of entertainment but a significant impact on beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors. Through its continuous evolution, popular culture & entertainment have played a vital role in shaping people’s views & experiences. They promote diversity and empower marginalized groups while also helping to question the norms of our society. Understanding how they shape our communal thought patterns is vital for evaluating their important role. This thesis explores how entertainment and popular culture profoundly affect people individually and society. It will also highlight how crucial it is to critically analyze their role in shaping our collective thinking.

In exploring the profound influence of entertainment and popular culture, the study by Fox, Dowling, and Miller (p.299) looks at how podcasts have played a role in molding and sharing black culture over the last decade. It also looks at the influence of podcasts on the broader society as a form of entertainment, and popular culture cannot be understated. The authors claim that through podcasts, we hear about the unheard stories of Black communities that otherwise remain unrepresented. Within an examination of forty different podcasts aired between the years of 2010 to the present day with themes surrounding race relations and history as well as social issues, this article delves into content revolving around Blackness. According to the authors ‘ content analysis, these podcasts serve as valuable educational resources for listeners exploring Black culture.

Empowering Black people by providing them with different narratives to select from is one of the strengths shown in the findings regarding these podcasts, which also foster a sense of belonging. Additionally, diverse listeners can engage in critical dialogues and promote cross-cultural understanding by providing alternate spaces for nuanced discussions. The impact of podcasts on transforming entertainment and popular culture is highlighted in this significant article, promoting diversity through alternative media platforms by amplifying those whose voices are typically not heard and challenging societal norms. Comprehending how podcasts shape culture is crucial for valuing diversity within our global community. People who pay close attention to how podcasts operate as discursive cultural guides can support an equitable and inclusive society by promoting diverse representations.

Furthermore, by examining two Indian multinational corporations operating in emerging markets and their approach to merging traditional cultural values into contemporary management techniques, the paper by Malik et al. offers insightful analysis. The research reveals how popular entertainment adapts to local customs by incorporating indigenous elements (Malik et al. 820). It highlights an ongoing relationship between culture and entertainment. The article examines how traditional Indian cultural values are integrated into modern management practices through the performance management systems of two Indian MNCs. The authors use qualitative techniques to cover the interaction between indigenous cultural traits and atomistic modernity, including interviews and document analysis.

According to the findings, while adopting global management practices, the companies followed traditional Indian values of collectivism and social responsibility. How organizations undertake performance appraisals through elements such as setting up objectives for employees’ work, evaluating them against industry benchmarks & providing them with suitable recognition indicates how they imbibe the company’s culture. This piece stresses how crucial cultural adaptation is to thrive within the entertainment industry, revealing how emerging market firms balance globalized modernity with their unique local cultural traditions (Malik et al. 810). Cultural fusion has become noticeable not only in management practices but also in entertainment and pop culture overall, as different aspects from various backgrounds are merged to appeal to specific demographics while maintaining their respective origins.

Having a nuanced understanding of how entertainment and popular culture impact and are impacted by local cultural norms is crucial, as demonstrated in this research. Comprehending how traditional and modern cultural elements can give people a deeper appreciation for diverse entertainment offerings worldwide. This study further emphasizes how crucial it is for entertainment media to be culturally sensitive and inclusive while encouraging producers and consumers to incorporate a variety of cultural perspectives into their work or consumption habits. According to Kline, marketing strategies prioritize profit instead of creative and varied content, leading to narrowed imagination with reinforced societal standards. Exploring various marketing elements within children’s culture, including merchandise licensing and branding, is undertaken. The author states that marketing decisions and financial considerations can limit the range of narratives available to children (Kline 310).

The article is significant because it reveals how commercial interests could potentially harm the diversity and quality of children’s entertainment and popular culture. Moreover, marketing practices promoting harmful stereotypes can constrain children’s imaginative experiences (Kline 315). The importance of this research lies in its ability to inform people about power structures that operate in entertainment and encourages critical thinking while consuming media. Appreciating the effect of marketing on children’s culture enables individuals to consciously choose content that nurtures inclusion while fostering creativity and a sense of positivity. Also, it is crucial to ensure that entertainment creators and marketers are held accountable for how their work impacts children’s growth and overall welfare. By seeking out diverse entertainment options that align with our ethics and values, we contribute to an enriching cultural environment.

Entertainment & popular culture undeniably profoundly impact society & individuals by shaping perspectives while empowering underserved members of our community. Moreover, podcasts allow for a platform for marginalized voices while emphasizing traditional cultural values in modern-day management practices, showcasing the correlation between culture and entertainment. To promote an inclusive environment in children’s media consumption, we must remain aware of how marketing practices can influence their decisions. Understanding and actively engaging with these dynamics helps us to forge a more diverse and enriched cultural backdrop for everybody.


Fox, Kim, David O. Dowling, and Kyle Miller. “A curriculum for Blackness: Podcasts as discursive cultural guides, 2010-2020.” Journal of Radio & audio media 27.2 (2020): 298–318.

Kline, Stephen. “Limits to the imagination: Marketing and children’s culture.” Cultural politics in contemporary America. Routledge, 2022. 299–316.

Malik, Ashish, et al. “Holistic indigenous and atomistic modernity: Analyzing performance management in two Indian emerging market multinational corporations.” Human Resource Management 60.5 (2021): 803–823.

Religious/Spiritual Experiences Reflection Paper

Engaging in various religious and spiritual activities is crucial to extend our horizons, improve our comprehension of other worldviews, and promoting interreligious dialogue. During this course, I have engaged in two experiences that have introduced me to different religious and spiritual traditions and practices. I wanted to learn more, challenge my assumptions, and better understand the variety of human spirituality by immersing myself in new environments. With a focus on the knowledge obtained, the lessons discovered, and the ramifications for my personal and professional development, this reflection paper will critically examine my experiences. Both encounters confirmed the value of inner peace-seeking, compassion, and mindfulness in all major religions and spiritual traditions. These routines provide people with a sense of comfort, purpose, and direction. They also taught me the value of valuing and embracing diversity since every culture has a unique perspective on living, worshipping, and being human.

It is crucial to approach therapeutic therapy with care, respect, and cultural competence when working with a client from a different religious or spiritual background than ours (Hagedorn & Gutierrez, 2009). To truly understand the client as a person, it is necessary to recognize their religious and spiritual convictions and grasp the beliefs of individuals or groups regarding religion. Learning all you can about their specific religious standards would be best. You can connect better with your clients by showing cultural awareness, allowing them to explore their experiences in a comfortable environment openly. A productive strategy would be to converse sincerely with the client regarding their specific spiritual needs and objectives for incorporating them into therapy. Utilize a collaborative strategy and involve the client in decision-making to let them direct the examination of their spiritual or religious activities in the context of therapy.

The Kelly et al. (2021) essay examines the spiritual and religious needs and beliefs of cancer patients who have had surgery. The study aims to shed light on cancer survivors’ experiences and how healthcare providers can best meet their particular needs. Interviews with cancer patients who had undergone cancer-specific surgery were conducted for the study. The results clarified how crucial religious and spiritual beliefs are for overcoming cancer’s problems. Numerous participants said their faith gave them a feeling of solace, optimism, and purpose during their cancer journey.

“Exploring the Motivations of Students to Engage in their spiritual, religious, or faith lives in College” by Betts et al. (2022) examines their religious and spiritual practices. The study seeks to understand college students’ religious and spiritual participation. Through surveys and interviews, the research examines student motivations, including belonging, personal growth, moral guidance, and a higher power link. The findings illuminate students’ motivations and how religious and spiritual practices affect them. The study sheds light on college students’ spirituality and religion. It reveals how faith and belief systems impact their college experience by revealing the variables that motivate their religious or spiritual activity. This knowledge can help educators, counsellors, and religious leaders create supportive college student religious and spiritual environments.

“Integration versus segregation: Applications of the spiritual competencies in counselor education programs” by Hagedorn and Gutierrez (2009) examines spiritual competencies in counsellor education programs. The study emphasizes religious and spiritual education for counsellors’ cultural competence. According to the study, counsellors must comprehend varied religious and spiritual traditions and their effects on clients. The spiritual competencies framework helps counsellors address clients’ religious and spiritual issues. Spiritual competencies in counsellor education programs help professionals comprehend and treat clients’ religious and spiritual activities. This method creates a more inclusive and culturally sensitive counselling atmosphere, helping counsellors negotiate religious and spiritual talks and supporting clients in investigating and integrating their beliefs into therapy.


Betts, M., Grabsch, D. K., Davis, V. D., Bell, L. M., & Sheedy, F. A. (2022). Exploring the motivations of students to engage in their spiritual, religious, or faith lives in college. Journal of Beliefs & Values, 1-14.

Hagedorn, W. B., & Gutierrez, D. (2009). Integration versus segregation: Applications of the spiritual competencies in counselor education programs. Counselling and Values54(1), 32-47.

Kelly, E. P., Paredes, A. Z., DiFilippo, S., Hyer, M., Tsilimigras, D. I., Rice, D., … & Pawlik, T. M. (2021). The religious/spiritual beliefs and needs of cancer survivors who underwent cancer-directed surgery. Palliative & Supportive Care19(2), 175-181.