Clifton’s “Homage To My Hips”: Who Is The Speaker? Homework Essay Sample

The poem “homage to my hips” provide sufficient information to assume the author. Indicating body parts as the main focus of the poem, the author identifies several topics relevant to modern society. From the first lines, it can be noticed that “these hips” are directed at a woman’s body. This assumption is confirmed in the lines “to put a spell on a man and spin him like a top” (Clifton, n.d.). Moreover, it could be predicted that this message is from African American women. Naturally, black women have wider hips and more curvy body proportions. Therefore, the speaker is an African American woman who fights for freedom of body and mind.

Starting from the first lines, the protest against the unrealistic body standards dictated by the beauty industry could be observed. It is no secret that modern beauty standards require ideological body parameters from women ignoring their inheritance. Following the desire to fit these standards, millions of women go through various challenges. In lines “these hips are bigs hips they need space to move around in” an author highlights her unwillingness to correspond to beauty standards that require hips to be thin (Clifton, n.d.). Moreover, in the next lines, “they don’t fit into little petty places,” an author states that it is nothing wrong with hips that do not fit into little petty places (Clifton, n.d.). These lines could be considered either as a cry from the heart or disapproval of patriarchal beauty standards. Unrealistic body images do not allow a woman to be free. This could be seen in the lines “these hips are free hips” (Clifton, n.d.). Body protest is one of the main concerns of the poem.

Another consideration related to the poem is its message against patriarchy. The line “they don’t like to be held back” provides a strong response and desire to eliminate restrictions (Clifton, n.d.). Women want to keep their rights and choice without man’s interruption. In the lines, “they go where they want to go, they do what they want to do.”

A woman requires freedom from society’s opinions and judgments (Clifton, n.d.). These lines also could be addressed to the patriarchal structure that selects and demand women to present certain roles ignoring their ambitions. Next lines “these hips are mighty hips. these hips are magic hips.”

indicates the ability of a woman to be in power (Clifton, n.d.). It is clearly expressed; however, “mighty” and “magic” refer to women’s ability to overcome all challenges. The last lines “I have known them to put a spell on a man and spin him like a top!”

reflect an author’s control over her body and ability to use her sexuality to manipulate men. (Clifton, n.d.) Nevertheless, it could have another meaning that shows that woman accepts her body and reject any discrimination from the man side.

Understanding the motives of the author, it is easier to picture her. In the beginning, it was assumed that the speaker was African American woman because of her hips size. However, at this point, it could be any woman regardless of race and ethnicity. This is a strong message to the world that a normal body and big hips are common among women. Beauty standards should not affect women’s confidence and push them to the limits. Moreover, a woman should be able to decide by herself without patriarchal judgment. The speaker could be any woman who accepts her body and realize her power.


Clifton, L. (n.d.). Homage to my hips by Lucille Clifton. Poetry Foundation. Web.

“Gender Equality And Women’s Empowerment” By Kabeer

Gender inequality is an issue that has led to endless debates with different people proposing diverse solutions to ensure equality is exercised. The article shows that many people are advocating for women’s empowerment to ensure that females are given various opportunities in the community. Moreover, it reveals that people are being educated about the importance of valuing all individuals irrespective of their sex. Sociologists have also discussed various aspects, such as societies creating an impression of female vulnerability, which has led to gender inequality. Therefore, many organizations and individuals have ensured that gender equality is exercised.

Closing the gender gap in education at all levels is one of the issues discussed in the article. In this case, many communities have developed a culture that labels women as inferior to men. Consequently, males are given priority to access higher education (Kabeer 13). Another issue analyzed by the authors involves increasing women’s share of wage employment in the non-agricultural sector (Kabeer 20). Females have been discriminated against in society, whereby they have been denied employment opportunities in various sectors (Onditi and Josephine 148). Moreover, issues such as promotions and leadership are mainly offered to male workers in many companies. Thus, these issues have led to many debates regarding the need for women’s empowerment.

Political issues have also been involved in gender equality, where many countries do not consider women in some governmental affairs. Consequently, increasing the proportion of women’s seats in national parliaments has been encouraged in modern society (Kabeer 21). The authors have argued that political sphere structure makes a difference in how many women are fielded as candidates and the number of those who can win (Kabeer 21). Nations should ensure that the number of women who can vie for various seats is not limited, and equal representation of both genders should be emphasized (Struckmann 14). Therefore, gender equality and empowerment are significant issues that should be addressed to ensure that women are valued, appreciated, and offered various social opportunities.

Works Cited

Kabeer, Naila. “Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment: A Critical Analysis of the Third Millennium Development Goal 1.” Gender & Development, vol. 13. no.1, 2005, pp.13-24, Web.

Onditi, Francis, and Josephine Odera. “Gender Equality as a Means to Women Empowerment? Consensus, Challenges and Prospects for Post-2015 Development Agenda in Africa.” African Geographical Review, vol. 36. no. 2, 2017, pp.146-167.

Struckmann, Christiane. “A postcolonial feminist critique of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: A South African application.” Agenda, vol. 32, no.1, 2018, pp. 12-24.

Sindbad The Seaman From “One Thousand And One Night”

If one looks for the stories that became famous in the West thanks to “One Thousand and One Night,” there is no need to look further than the seven tales of Sindbad the Seaman. They became widely popular in the West after the publication of the first translated editions in the late 18th century (Hoh, 2017). Moreover, they have been adapted multiple times, with the earliest cartoon adaptation going as far back as 1936 (Hoh, 2017). Given that, the chances are that even those who never read the collection itself will still be familiar with the character. This begs the legitimate question of why the travels of Sindbad became so enduring in the public imagination.

Research suggests there are several parts to the answer. On the one hand, the stories are entertaining yet simple, generally following the same scheme. They begin with Sindbad embarking on a journey, continue with a disaster leading Sindbad to wondrous lands, and then end with the protagonist using his ingenuity and returning even richer (Hoh, 2017). However, apart from the purely entertaining value, Sindbad must have also earned his popularity because of the human values the stories promote. For example, at the end of the first journey, Sindbad is rescued by the same ship on which he began his travel.

He then finds out that the captain, while convinced of the protagonist’s death, did not take Sindbad’s wares (“Sindbad,” n.d.). Not only the captain refuses to profit from Sindbad’s death – he intends to sell the goods for the benefit of Sindbad’s supposedly orphaned family (“Sindbad,” N.d.). Upon being persuaded Sindbad is alive and stands in before him, he returns the goods willingly (“Sindbad,” N.d.). Thus, tales of Sindbad the Seaman are not merely fascinating adventure stories but also a moving praise of human honesty, which may explain their enduring popularity.


Hoh, A. (2017). The seven voyages of Sindbad the sailor. Library of Congress. Web.

Sindbad the sailor & other stories from the Arabian Nights (N. d.) Project Gutenberg. Web.

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