Compilation Of Philippine Sculpture And Architecture Writing Sample

Sculpture of:


Napoleón Isabelo Veloso Abueva (born January 26, 1930), more popularly known as Napoleón Abueva, is a Filipino artist. He is asculptor given the distinction as the Philippines’ National Artist for Sculpture. He is also entitled as the “Father of Modern Philippine Sculpture”. He is the only Boholano given the distinction as National Artist of the Philippines in the field of Visual Arts.

Conrado Mercado hails from Bustos, Bulacan, Philippines. He was born on October 20, 1945. The artist alternately switches from sculptor to painting, revealing the same eloquent and dynamic effect. He says “the medium may be different but both are basically visual”. He projects a maturity of purpose, acutely concerned of his outward and inward surroundings, and exudes aesthetic sensitivity and vision making only to an artist of his caliber and capability.


Jerusalino “Jerry” V. Araos was a sculptor and landscape artist. Araos was founder of the artists’ guild Sanayan Lapat Kamay Inc. (Salakai).

“Rizal Monument”

Edgar Doctor (January 7, 1941) is one of the most respected Filipino visual artists. He gets references from the things he sees. He’s known to have a good photographic memory. He paints the things he sees and remembers through his travels and encounters. He has held numerous solo shows and participated in several group shows in the country and abroad.

“Bonifacio Monument” “The Oblation”

Guillermo Estrella Tolentino (1890-1976) represents the National Artist Awards for Sculpture in 1973. He is consider as the “Father of Philipine Arts” because of his great works like the famous “Bonifacio Mounument” symbolizing the Filipinos cry for freedom located in the intersection of EDSA and Rizal Avenue and “The Oblation” in UP signifying academic freedom.

Architecture of:

“Quiapo Church”

Juan F. Nakpil (1899–1986) was a Filipino architect, teacher and a community leader. In 1973, he was named one of the National Artists for architecture, and tapped as the Dean of Filipino Architects. He is consider as the “ Father of Philippine Architecture”

“The Main Building (Tanghalang Pambansa) of the Cultural Center of the Philippines”

Leandro V. Locsin (August 15, 1928 – November 15, 1994) was a Filipino architect, artist, and interior designer known for his use of concrete, floating volume and simplistic design in his various projects. An avid collector, he was fond of modern painting and Chinese ceramics. He was proclaimed a National Artist of the Philippines for Architecture in 1990 by the late President Corazon C. Aquino.

“Mary Immaculate Parish- Nature’s Church”

Jose T. Mañosa & Associates, Architects & Planners emerged from the original partnership MOÑOSA-ZIALCITA Architects which is a spin off from the original partnership MAÑOSA BROTHERS Architects & Planners (Manuel Jr., Francisco and Jose) established in 1954 and responsible for projects ranging from commercial and residential buildings, conventional office, shops and factory buildings, hospitals and medical centers, schools, industrial complexes, new communities and urban development. In 1977, MAÑOSA BROTHERS was restructured in response to increased and diversified demands, thereby creating new autonomous firms which give emphasis to respective fields of specialization.

“Rockwell Center”

Felino A. Palafox, Jr. is a prominent Filipino architect, urban planner and environmentalist. He is the Principal Architect-Urban Planner, Founder, and Managing Partner of Palafox Associates, the only Filipino and the only Southeast Asian architectural firm to first make it into the list of the world’s top 200 architectural firms compiled by the London-based World Architecture magazine. Mr. Palafox is in the field of planning and architecture for four decades serving both the government and private sector. As Principal Architect-Urban Planner and Managing Partner of Palafox Associates for 22 years, his major projects include architectural design of more than eight million square meters in land area in 34 countries. Aside from his duties in his architectural firm, he also serve as a member of the board of directorsin Asian Terminals, Inc. from 2009 to present, chaired professional and civic organisations such as PIEP, MAP and Rotary Club of Manila

Unit 201: Child And Young Person Development


  1. Background. There are many factors that can influence a child’s background. Children from different countries who change schools may find it difficult to adapt to different teaching methods. Children who come from deprived backgrounds are less likely to achieve well in school as parents find it difficult to manage there needs ,also children who are a different race can be targeted for being a different colour.
  2. Health. Health can effect all kinds of children from asthma to very serous illness that may effect their physical development and effect their education as they might lose long periods from school and this could also effect their ability to make friends.
  3. Environment. There are many factors that can influence a child’s environment. Parents that are going though a separation,divorce can be very stressful for the child. Having numerous siblings can also have a impact on a child as the child could be lacking attention within the home . Bereavement or illness in the family which can be very traumatic for the whole family.

Recognizing and responding to concerns about the growth of children and young individuals is crucial, considering various factors such as their background, health, and upbringing environment. Understanding these factors is essential for identifying and addressing any issues that may arise.

It is important for teachers and teaching assistants to have the necessary training and skills to properly identify and address children’s issues. Being familiar with guidelines is crucial in order to take immediate action, as falling behind can negatively impact a child’s development. Detecting problems early on is vital. By consistently monitoring and intervening promptly, better results can be achieved for the child or young person.


  • If a child has a hearing problem this would influence their development ,it could effect their speech and communication and make them feel they are unable to join in with other children .
  • A child who needs glasses may affect development because they be a poor reader of slow to copy of the blackboard .
  • A child who has been playing or standing alone during playtime for a few days may find their development may become affected as the child maybe unwilling to work with the same children within the classroom and effect there work.
  • Responding to concerns like these has to be done in a professional manner ,this means that you should not talk to the parent / carer or the child. You would have to make a note of exactly what was seen or heard , why this was a concern to you. Then you need to approach the class teacher with your concern.

Lab: The Mercury Beating Heart

The Mercury Beating Heart is a popular chemistry demonstration based on an an electrochemical redox reaction that causes a blob of mercury to oscillate, resembling a beating heart. Here’s how the Mercury Beating Heart works and how you can perform this chemistry demonstration yourself.

A drop of mercury is placed in a watch glass. The mercury is covered with a solution of an oxidizing compound in sulfuric acid. The oxidizer usually is potassium dichromate, hydrogen peroxide or potassium permanganate. An iron nail or wire is placed such that the tip of the nail is almost touching the mercury. The mercury will begin to pulsate rhythmically, like a beating heart.

Perform the Mercury Beating Heart Demo:

  1. Place a drop of mercury in a watch glass, petri dish or saucer.
  2. Pour sulfuric acid over the drop to cover it. The exact concentration of sulfuric acid is not critical. Car battery acid works for this demo.
  3. Add a small amount of oxidizer, such as potassium permanganate, hydrogen peroxide or potassium dichlorate. Aqueous solution or a few crystals are fine.
  4. When you are ready to start the beating heart, approach the drop of mercury with the tip of the iron wire or nail. The heart will start to beat when the iron is close to the mercury, but not quite touching it. The mercury heart will beat for about 20 seconds before stopping.

How the Mercury Beating Heart Works?

The mechanism for this reaction is not clearly understood, but it may involve oxidation of the iron. The permanganate, peroxide or dichromate oxidizes the mercury to produce mercury ions which combine with sulfate ions from the sulfuric acid to form a thin layer of mercury sulfate on the surface of the drop of mercury.

The formation of the layer reduces the surface tension of the drop, causing it to flatten out. When the flattened drops contacts the iron wire or nail, the mercury sulfate oxidizes the iron to form the iron ion while reducing the mercury to its normal metallic form. The mercury has a higher surface tension, so the drop becomes rounded again. As contact with the iron ceases, the oxide coating starts to form again, repeating the process. When all of the oxidizer has been reduced, the reaction stops. There is some debate about the mechanism because weaker oscillations have been observed even without the presence of oxidizer.

Less Toxic Alternative to Mercury

Mercury is very toxic, so you may wish to perform this demonstration with another material. It turns out molten gallium may be substituted for the drop of mercury. Gallium will melt at a low temperature and is much less toxic/easily contained than mercury. To perform the demonstration with gallium, melt a pellet of gallium and immerse it in sulfuric acid. Add a small amount of an oxidizer, such as potassium permanganate, to the sulfuric acid. The gallium heart will be more slowly than the mercury heart.