Comprehensive Care For A Client With Parkinson’s Disease: A Case Study Essay Example


In this assignment, we will discover the care desires of Michael Byrne, a 72-year-old male diagnosed with Parkinson’s. Michael currently receives care in his own home with the help of neighborhood healthcare assistants. Parkinson’s sickness is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by decreased mobility, type 2 diabetes, and a history of falls. This undertaking pursuits to provide a complete discussion of Michael’s wants within the context of his condition and outline fantastic courses of action to higher meet those needs.

Clients Need:

Physical Needs: Michael requires assistance with private care, including hygiene, dressing, and mobility due to reduced mobility prompted by Parkinson’s disease. Additionally, he may require help managing his diabetes and addressing his incontinence needs.

Emotional Needs: Emotional wishes of Michael need to be considered, as dwelling on a chronic illness like Parkinson’s sickness can lead to emotional distress, including anxiousness and depression (Rajan et al., 2020). Emotional support, empathy, and encouragement are quintessential in addressing his emotional well-being.

Social Needs: Social isolation can be an extensive issue for individuals with Parkinson’s. Michael should have opportunities to interact in social activities, engage with his spouse and family, and participate in community events to keep social connections and combat loneliness.

Rehabilitation and Recreational Needs: Rehabilitation workout routines and activities must be included in Michael’s care plan to keep or improve his mobility, balance, and coordination. Recreational things to do that align with his pastimes can also enhance his standard well-being and fantastic of life.

Intellectual Needs: Providing intellectual stimulation via things such as reading, puzzles, or enticing conversations can help maintain Michael’s mental health and prolong cognitive decline often related to Parkinson’s disease.

Spiritual Needs: Respecting and addressing Michael’s religious beliefs, if applicable, is essential for imparting holistic care. This may contain facilitating access to spiritual sources or arranging visits from non secular advisors.

Level of Assistance Required: Practical Skills of Daily Living: Michael requires help with daily living, including personal hygiene, dressing, meal preparation, and medication management. Healthcare assistants must supply aid while merchandising independence and autonomy to the best extent possible.

Communication Needs: Communication can also be difficult for individuals with Parkinson’s due to speech difficulties. Healthcare assistants need to be skilled in effective communication techniques, such as giving the man or woman sufficient time to categorize themselves, using non-verbal cues, and using assistive communication devices if necessary.

Mechanical Aids: Michael may additionally gain from using mechanical aids such as a wheelchair, walker, or snatch bars to beautify protection and facilitate mobility. Healthcare assistants need to be educated in properly using and maintaining these aids.

Role of Healthcare Assistant: As a healthcare assistant, the primary goal is to grant person-centered care to Michael, promoting his privacy, dignity, independence, self-esteem, safety, and confidentiality.

Privacy and Dignity: Healthcare assistants must ensure that Michael’s privacy is respected all through non-public care activities. They use suitable communication techniques and create cozy surroundings that maintain his dignity.

Independence/Autonomy: Encouraging Michael to function duties independently to the fine of his ability while supplying help when necessary can help preserve his experience of independence and control over his life.

Self-esteem: Healthcare assistants promote Michael’s vanity by recognizing and acknowledging his accomplishments, providing praise and encouragement, and involving him in decision-making regarding his care whenever possible.

Safety: Ensuring safe surroundings is integral for people with Parkinson’s disease. Healthcare assistants must be vigilant in preventing falls, properly managing medicinal drugs, and addressing any security hazards inside the home.

Confidentiality: Respecting the confidentiality of Michael’s private medical records is vital. Healthcare assistants should adhere to strict confidentiality policies and methods to shield their privacy and hold trust.


Through gaining knowledge of and completing this assignment, I have gained valuable information about the care wishes of men and women with Parkinson’s disease. It has strengthened the importance of person-centered care, effective communication, and the need for a holistic method to tackle clients’ physical, emotional, social, and religious wants (Scherbaum et al., 2020). Throughout gaining knowledge of and finishing this assignment, I have received valuable information about the care wants of men and women with Parkinson’s disease. Parkinson’s is a complex neurological ailment that impacts motion and regularly affords additional challenges such as reduced mobility, cognitive impairments, and emotional changes. Understanding and addressing the particular care desires of individuals with Parkinson’s sickness is critical to grant foremost care and support.

One of the critical aspects that I have realized is the significance of person-centered care. Person-centered care is an approach that acknowledges the individuality and forte of each person and places them in the middle of their care. It emphasizes respecting the individual’s preferences, choices, and autonomy while considering their physical and emotional well-being. In the context of Parkinson’s disease, person-centered care entails tailoring the care design and interventions to meet every individual’s precise needs and goals (Bloem et al., 2020). This also encompasses adapting care techniques and routines to accommodate mobility challenges, providing opportunities for self-expression and participation in decision-making, and merchandising an experience of manipulation and independence.

Effective verbal exchange is another imperative factor I have realized when caring for folks with Parkinson’s disease. Communication difficulties can be frequent in Parkinson’s, along with speech and language impairments, soft voice, and facial expression changes. Caregivers must strengthen strategies to decorate communication and make sure that men and women with Parkinson’s disease can categorize their needs, preferences, and concerns. This may additionally contain using clear and concise language, permitting ample time for responses, using visible aids or gestures to guide communication, and being attentive to non-verbal cues.

Based on the research, it is encouraged to enhance the nice of care for individuals with Parkinson’s disease by:

Providing specialized education to healthcare assistants on Parkinson’s disease, such as symptom management, medicinal drug administration, and strategies for merchandising mobility and independence. Collaborating with multidisciplinary healthcare professionals, such as physiotherapists and occupational therapists, to advance tailor-made rehabilitation applications that tackle the precise desires of men and women with Parkinson’s disease.

They were implementing regular assessments to display and evaluate the effectiveness of care interventions, regulate the care layout accordingly, and offer support offerings for family caregivers to assist them in navigating the challenges related to caring for any individual with Parkinson’s disease. By enforcing these recommendations, care satisfaction for consumers with Parkinson’s disease, such as Michael, can be appreciably improved, leading to higher consequences and enhanced typical well-being.


Rajan, R., Brennan, L., Bloem, B. R., Dahodwala, N., Gardner, J., Goldman, J. G., … & Eggers, C. (2020). Integrated care in Parkinson’s disease: A systematic review and meta‐analysis. Movement Disorders, 35(9), 1509–1531.

Scherbaum, R., Hartelt, E., Kinkel, M., Gold, R., Muhlack, S., & Tönges, L. (2020). Parkinson’s Disease Multimodal Complex Treatment improves motor symptoms, depression, and quality of life. Journal of Neurology, 267, 954-965.

Bloem, B. R., Henderson, E. J., Dorsey, E. R., Okun, M. S., Okubadejo, N., Chan, P., … & Munneke, M. (2020). Integrated and patient-centered management of Parkinson’s disease: a network model for reshaping chronic neurological care. The Lancet Neurology, 19(7), 623-634.

Consumer Decision Process, Determinant Attributes, Postpurchase Dissonance, And Seller Strategies Essay Sample For College

Question One Consumer Decision Process for Buying a Smart Home Device:

A person goes through several consumer decision-making steps before deciding what to buy. Follow these steps to purchase a smart home device:

  • Need Recognition: Acknowledging the need or desire for a smart home device is the first step (Hjerpe, 2022). This might happen for various reasons, such as seeing commercials, hearing about the advantages from friends or family, or having trouble managing home chores.
  • Information Search: After identifying the need, the consumer will research the available options (Hjerpe, 2022). To learn more about smart home devices and their features, consumers can consult various sources, including internet reviews, tech websites, suggestions from friends, and physical retailers.
  • Alternatives Evaluation: In this step, the consumer compares and contrasts several smart home gadgets based on their features, capabilities, compatibility with other gadgets, cost, and brand reputation (Chen et al., 2020). They may contrast products from several manufacturers, including Apple, Google, and Amazon, to find the one that best satisfies their needs.
  • Purchase Decision: The consumer purchases after weighing the available options (Kushwaha et al., 2021). Several variables may influence this choice, such as the device’s perceived value, price, accessibility, warranty, and user reviews.
  • Purchase: The consumer pays for the selected smart home equipment, whether online or at a physical store.
  • Postpurchase Evaluation: The user evaluates the product’s performance concerning their expectations after using it (Chen et al., 2020). They will likely feel satisfied if the device meets or exceeds their expectations. If it falls short, people might be disappointed.

Question Two:Determinant Attributes and Compensatory Purchasing Model

The following four characteristics can be used to distinguish between Amazon, Google, and Apple smart home products:

Voice Recognition and Response: This characteristic assesses how well the device detects and reacts to voice commands.

The ability of a smart home device to regulate and integrate with various smart home device types and numbers is determined by this attribute.

Web Browsing Capabilities: This attribute assesses how well the device can browse the internet, including the search engine it uses, and it can access and retrieve data from the internet.

Price: This characteristic considers the smart home accessory’s price.

Each feature is given a weight based on its significance to the buyer to create a compensating purchasing model. On a scale of 1 to 10, the consumer then evaluates the performance of each attribute (Chen et al., 2020). The weight of each attribute is multiplied by its performance rating, and the sum of the scores for all attributes is used to determine the overall score for each brand.

The consumer can choose which product to buy based on the evaluations for importance and performance (Chen et al., 2020). If, for instance, a customer considers speech recognition and response to be of the utmost importance and finds that Amazon Echo outperforms Google Home and Apple Home Pod in this regard, the customer may opt for Amazon Echo.

Question Three: Device Features with the Greatest Impact on Consumers’ Propensity to Buy

These are the characteristics looked at in this chapter that may have the biggest effect on customers’ tendency to purchase a smart home device:

Accurate speech recognition is valued by users who want their spoken commands to be recognized and carried out.

Compatibility with Existing Devices: The smart home ecosystem is more functional and convenient when it can easily interact with and control other smart home gadgets.

Consumers may favour gadgets with more sophisticated browsing capabilities and access to a greater variety of information sources.

Price: The ability to afford a product is a major factor in consumer choice. It is crucial to have reasonable pricing concerning the device’s perceived worth.

After buying a smart home gadget, consumers may experience postpurchase cognitive dissonance or a feeling of uneasiness or doubt about the purchase decision.

Question four:

Customers may feel postpurchase cognitive dissonance after buying one of the smart home appliances listed in the case study (Amazon Echo, Google Home, or Apple HomePod) for some reasons:

  • Comparing the chosen device to the characteristics and advantages of the unconsidered alternatives may cause consumers to second-guess their choice and feel dissonance (Hjerpe, 2022). They can question whether they made the best decision and whether another gadget would have met their needs more effectively.
  • Perceived Performance Gap: Cognitive dissonance may result if a technology does not perform up to expectations or falls short in some other way (Chen et al., 2020). The purchaser could feel guilty or unsatisfied about their choice.
  • Confirmation bias is the tendency for consumers to deliberately seek out facts or opinions that support their choice while ignoring or downplaying any unfavourable remarks about the gadget in question (Hjerpe, 2022). However, cognitive dissonance may result if individuals encounter unfavorable facts or events contradicting their initial views.
  • Social influences: If a customer learns that others who already own a different smart home gadget have had excellent experiences or recommend it, it may cause them to second-guess their choice.

To help consumers resolve postpurchase cognitive dissonance, the seller can take the following steps:

  • Effective Customer assistance: To handle any customer issues or worries, the vendor should offer responsive and easily available customer assistance (Kushwaha et al., 2021). This can involve assistance with using the item to its fullest potential, technical support, and troubleshooting advice.
  • Apparent Communication of Features and Limits: Before a customer makes a purchase, the vendor must make sure that the features and limits of the product are made apparent to them (Hjerpe, 2022). This can assist in establishing reasonable expectations and lessen the possibility of dissonance brought on by inappropriate expectations.
  • Postpurchase Follow-Up: The seller can proactively contact customers after the sale to get feedback and offer more help (Nosi et al., 2022). This can show a dedication to customer pleasure and help immediately handle any worries or difficulties.
  • Offering clients who have purchased the gadget specific incentives or prizes might aid in solidifying their choice and fostering a sense of value (Chen et al., 2020). This may entail early access to new features, substantial discounts on associated goods and services, or access to unique content.
  • Positive Customer Reviews and Testimonials: By reinforcing the benefits of the selected device, sharing positive customer reviews and testimonials can assist in reducing cognitive dissonance (Hjerpe, 2022). Marketing materials, social networking channels, or specific customer review sections on the seller’s website can all be used for this.


Chen, W. K., Chen, C. W., & Lin, Y. C. (2020). Understanding the influence of impulse buying toward consumers’ postpurchase dissonance and return intention: an empirical investigation of apparel websites. Journal of Ambient Intelligence and Humanized Computing, 1-14.

Kushwaha, B. P., Tyagi, V., & Shiva, A. (2021). Investigating the role of reinforcement and environmental factors in balancing the state of apprehension: evidence from India. World Review of Entrepreneurship, Management, and Sustainable Development, 17(2-3), pp. 142–160.

Nosi, C., Zollo, L., Rialti, R., & Ciappei, C. (2022). Why do consumers free ride? Investigating the effects of cognitive effort on postpurchase dissonance. Journal of Consumer Marketing, (ahead-of-print).

Hjerpe, F. (2022). Examining the Postpurchase Behaviour of Second-hand Clothing: Extending Expectation Confirmation Theory.

Culture, History, And Health Impact Of Wing Chun Sample College Essay

Assignment 1: Culture, History, and Health Impact of Wing Chun

Virtually all forms of martial arts exist within a cultural perspective, with the primary focus being individual and communal security and holistic health. According to Gerstner (2020), numerous movements in Wing Chun are not directly related to fighting but are meant for other purposes, such as healing and general well-being. Therefore, an analysis of the culture, history, and health impact of a specific martial art is crucial in understanding its kinesiology and applications in contemporary society.

Wing Chun Appraisal

Wing Chun is an ancient art with roots in China. An interview with martial art students reveals that it is more than just a form of combat. The instructor explained that in the contemporary world, people have become more conscious of their safety and that of their families. However, most forms of martial arts are entrenched in specific cultures, so it becomes difficult to understand the core principles. According to the instructor, Wing Chun adopts a practical and scientific approach to self-defense, making it easy for students to innovate contextually. Traditional martial art forms like Kungfu incorporate complex movements that sometimes mimic animals. Such an attribute makes it difficult for learners interested in physical fitness and self-defense.

The students also outlined that one of the essential strengths of Wing Chun is that it emphasizes using the power and strength of the opponent to one’s advantage. For instance, one student explained that meeting a much stronger opponent is always possible. Therefore, learning a technique that equips one with the skills to overcome such a situation is crucial. One female student specifically explained that she decided to take Wing Chun classes to defend herself against opponents with more stamina. A critical analysis of the modern perception of Wing Chun reveals that adherents fall within the warrior sage archetype. The martial art emphasizes the need to reach optimal physical functioning of the body while at the same time using the mind to establish a competitive advantage against an opponent and remaining emotionally calm.

Origin and Development of Wing Chun

Wing Chun is one of the Kungfu fighting styles with a fascinating history based on pragmatism. Wing Chun has undergone several modifications since it was founded roughly 300 years ago by Buddhist nuns. Unlike other styles of the time that relied on strength and brutality, the martial art was based on overpowering an opponent with apparently better odds. There are stories that the Shaolin nun had the objective of inventing a style that allowed one to create sufficient force through calculated moves as a strategy for defeating an opponent (International Wing Chun Academy, 2023). Aside from the legends associated with the style, the modern understanding is that Wing Chun has become one of the most sought-after martial arts because it emphasizes functional movements and delivers maximum force.

The primary advantage of Wing Chun is that it encourages refinements making it a perfect choice for modern-day martial art enthusiasts. The famous Yip Man is credited for spreading the technique to the general public. Yip Man taught Bruce Lee, who is still celebrated as one of the most accomplished fighters. According to the International Wing Chun Academy (2023), Yip Man was a grandmaster who understood the practical approach of Wing Chun. As a result, he incorporated various modifications to allow the technique to fit within the modern perspective. Scientific and natural laws are universal. Therefore, teaching Wing Chun to anyone, despite their cultural background, became easy. The guiding principle of the technique is that one has to learn strategies to deliver maximum force while simultaneously using the opponent’s strength to their advantage. Movements are limited to ensure that, in the process, a person conserves energy to deliver blows and kicks with the most significant force.

Health and Fitness

The human body has incredible characteristics allowing people to achieve unthinkable feats. As a result, it has been successfully used as a weapon. However, kinesiology considers the body from a scientific perspective and both the short-term and long-term effects of practices encouraged in martial arts. Physical fitness, emphasized in martial arts, is a crucial attribute of holistic health. Furthermore, most techniques encourage harmony between mind, body, and spirit, which reduces stress. The movements associated with some techniques also improve flexibility and increase the strength of muscles, including the heart. Martial art enthusiasts also learn techniques such as meditation that decrease mental stress. However, some styles propose approaches that push the body too far, risking various injuries. Blows to the head can cause blood clots, leading to sudden death due to stroke. A critical analysis of various martial art techniques demonstrates that they have numerous physiological benefits. Therefore, they are an essential consideration in kinesiology. However, there is a need for conclusive studies to ensure that the risk of injury is significantly minimized. The health impacts should also be researched so that professionals can recommend specific techniques based on a person’s needs.


Gerstner, A. (2020). The Healing Aspects of the Chinese Martial Art Wing Chun. Journal of Martial Arts Research, 3(3). doi:10.15495/ojs_25678221_33

International Wing Chun Academy. (2023). History of Wing Chun. Retrieved from International Wing Chun Academy:’sOriginsintheShaolinTemple&text=Consideredtobeoneof,ofthefamedShaolinTemple.