Computerize And Customizing Class Record Essay Example For College

As the technology arises, its become necessary to propose a system that can meet the changing requirements like grading scheme generator with class record management. It includes computerize and customizing class record. Computes the grade of the students and generates the high and low performers in the class. Presently, the traditional and old way of computing grade

As new security threats evolve regularly, it become necessary to propose a system that can meet the changing requirements like radio frequency identification with SMS technology system. It includes easy updates, monitoring of default users and also scalability to integrate new users. Presently, monitoring of the person entering and leaving the university becomes a major concern to its administration since its own population becomes larger and there are more people inquiring for admission and other interest.

The purpose of this study is to examine the use of Grading Scheme Generator with Class record management to see if the benefits associated with their use outweigh concerns in managing the class record. For these purposes proponents will use three categories:

  • comfort, which is the duration of calculation and the ease of use.
  • Accuracy that minimal error rates such as clarity, consistency, measurability,
  • Availability which is the portion of a potential user group who can use radio frequency identification for technical recognition purposes.

Radio frequency identification is technological tools increase security, increase integrity of social programs such as, welfare, and eases the burden on individual who carry multiple forms of identification. If this is implemented, the universities will achieve greater speed and accuracy with regards to grades of the students and the good management of class records. Grading Scheme Generator with Class Record Management is a huge miles tone to the modernization of the universities. It offers technology that not all universities can afford, if this implemented, PUP Santa Maria Campus will be the pioneer of this technology from other universities and campuses.

The Polytechnic University of the Philippines-SMB Campus is located at km. 39 Sitio Gulod, Pulong Buhangin, Sta. Maria, Bulacan which provide good quality of education and produces graduates who are academically competitive. The University offers different degrees such as Information Technology, Department of Office Management Technology Accountancy, Civil Engineering, Hotel and Restaurant Management, Entrepreneurial Management, Secondary Education Major in Math and Secondary Education Major in Mathematics. The manual system of entering of the students and personnel entry in the campus is susceptible to intrusions and many aspects of problems concerns authorized entry.

In manual system various personnel and students can go through the university using their ID and at times, any form of identification like registration form of students that’s why it is hard to monitor all the students’ entry to and exit from the campus. Moreover, the guidelines for entering the university was not strictly imposed, there are policy that was violated like tampering of I. D and borrowing of I. D as said by the administration staff and security personnel.

In this way the problem presented can be prevented through the smooth flow of following the policy in terms of no I. D no entry for the students to be responsible. Thus, the proponents proposed the PUP-SMBC Student Monitoring System using Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) with SMS Advisory, to give a convenient and efficient process of monitoring and ensure the security of students of the university. According to Dreck (2000), Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) is a way for automatically identifies objects with radio waves, like a barcode that uses radio waves instead of light.

This method of identification offers several advantages over traditional methods regarding ID:

  • the person to e identified is required to have an ID with tag at the point of identification.
  • Identification based on the radio frequency identification techniques obviates the need to remember a password or carry a token.

With the increased integration of computers and internet in our daily lives, it is necessary to protect sensitive and personal data. By the use of radio frequency identification techniques can potentially prevent unauthorized person. As a result, radio frequency identification is being deployed to enhance security.

Basic radio frequency identification with SMS technology system is made up of

  • a RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) reader
  • a RFID tag
  • a Personal Computer (PC) with connection to a LAN connection
  • a GSM (Global System for Mobile) modem
  • a database.

In radio frequency identification, the Proponents are going to use radio frequency reader equipment in entering the premises. Student will have to tap their ID to the RFID reader for the system to recognize authorized person, which then records date and time of their entrance.

Functional Foods For Health

FUNCTIONAL FOODS BY SHALU SINGH ABSTRACT Functional foods prevent many chronic diseases like Cardio- Vascular Diseases (CVD), Cancer, Obesity, Alzheimer’s disease, etc. Dairy products, such as milk, cheese & yoghurt are among the best sources of several important vitamins like vitamin D & riboflavin and minerals specially calcium & phosphorus. Calcium, for example, prevents possible colon cancer & osteoporosis. The fermented dairy products such as yoghurt, kefir and sour milk display anticarcinogenic, hypocholesterolemic, antagonistic action against intestinal pathogens.

Functional Food constituents provide treatment of diseases, as well as nutritional values. Functional foods include food additives, vitamins, mineral supplements, herbs, phytochemicals and Probiotics. Tomato, for example, contains Lycopene which is Anti-prostate cancer and Anti-oxidant. Similarly, onion contains Quercetin which reduces heart diseases; Yoghurt contains Lactobacillus sp. which is Probiotics; Spinach contains Flavonoids which is Active against age related macular degeneration, etc.

It is the duty of processor to see that such constituents are not reduced during processing instead they are enhanced. The sale of such products has expanded greatly in the recent past years to meet rising public demand for such products as a consequence of increasing awareness of their beneficial effects on human health. The Government in its National Policies should include schemes to increase awareness, availability as well as incentives for processors. KEY WORDS: Functional Food, chronic diseases, anticarcinogenic, phytochemicals, probiotics INTRODUCTION

The term FUNCTIONAL FOOD is applied to food and food constituents that provide specific health or medical benefits, including the prevention and treatment of diseases, as well as nutritional values. It can be of both plant as well as animal origin. Hippocrates proclaimed nearly 2500 years ago, “Let food be thy medicine and medicine be thy food. ” Functional foods include food additives, vitamins, mineral supplements, herbs, phytochemicals and Probiotics. Various definitions of functional food given by various gencies are as follows: * ‘’Foods that by virtue of physiologically active components provide health benefits beyond basic nutrition’’ (International Life Sciences Institute). * ‘’Any food or food ingredients that may provide a health benefit beyond the traditional nutrients it contains’’ (Institute of Medicine’s Food & Nutrition Board). * ‘’ A food, either natural or formulated, which will enhance physiological performance or prevent or treat diseases & disorders’’ (Wildman 2000). Examples of Functional Foods

FUNCTIONAL FOODS| BIOACTIVE COMPOUNDS| HEALTH BENEFITS| OTHER SOURCES| Berries| Anthocyanins, Anthocyanidins, Catechins| Neutralize free radicals;May reduce risk of cancer, heart diseases & age related diseases| Blackberry, brightly colored vegetables, red cabbage, raspberry, tea, grapes| Citrus fruits| Flavanones, Hesperidin, Silybin, Limonoids, Xanthohumol| Neutralize free radicals;May reduce risk of cancer| Citrus, Hops, Milk thistle| Fish oil | Omega-3-fatty acids, DHA,EPA,ALA,CLA| Play a role into reducing risk of CVD;Improve mental functions;Improve visual functions, anti-inflammation effect;DHA major component of brain & eye tissues;Anti-inflammatory properties;Prevent blood-clotting & lowers LDL & total cholesterol;Improve body immune system;Decreases risk of certain cancers | Cold-water fish, Breast milk(contains DHA), Canola oil, Soya bean oil, Flax seed & some nuts, Meats, Cheese| Onion (yellow & red)| Quercetin| May reduce heart diseases| Tea, Apples, Cherries & Red Wine| Tomato | Lycopene | Anti-prostate cancer;Anti-oxidant| | Wine , Grapes| Phenolic, Resveratral, Ellagicacids| Anti-oxidant action, block cholesterol oxidation;Bind to & prevent absorption of cholesterol| | Yoghurt | Lactobacillus sp. | Probiotics | | Spinach | Flavonoids | Active against age related macular degeneration| Leafy vegetables, Corn, egg yolk| Allicin found in garlic, onion, leek, chives is antibacterial; reduce risk of cancer & CVD, thinning blood. Ascorbic acid in fruits, peppers is antioxidant; reduce risk of cataracts, cold symptoms. Beta-Carotene of carrots, tomato, yellow squash, broccoli, citrus fruits, pumpkin, sweet potatoes, tomato, green vegetables, etc is an antioxidant.

Capsaicin found in pepper fruit is anti-inflammatory. Folic acid reduces blood level of homocysteine, decrease CVD. Lecithins in soybeans lower LDL. Calcium in milk, meat protects bone. Bifidobacterium bifidum is probiotics found in yogurt, sour milk. EFFECTS OF FUNCTIONAL FOODS ON MAJOR CHRONIC DISEASES Cardiovascular Diseases The major risk factors for CVD are inadequate intake of foods containing antioxidant micronutrients such as vitamins E & C, Beta-carotene & coenzyme Q10. Increasing intake of fruits and vegetables containing antioxidants is recommended as a protective measure against CVD. Omega -3 fatty acids play a potential role in prevention of CVD. Cancer

Many phytochemicals in foods appear to afford protection against cancer, these include fibers, vitamins A, D, and C, vitamins of the B complex, organo-sulfur compounds found in Allium plants (i. e. , garlic and onions), ellagic acid and other phenol, flavonoids found in fruits and vegetables and glucosinolatesnin cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli. These multifarious essential and nonessential nutrients apparently modify the carcinogenic process at specific sites, interfacing with carcinogenesis. Obesity Obesity increases the incidence of ailments such as heart diseases, diabetes and cancer. The cause of obesity is the change from traditional foods (a well-balanced diet) to fast foods containing higher concentrations of undesirable ingredients (e. g.

Trans and saturated fatty acids and large amounts of sugar). Dietary factors of potential importance for energy balance and fat distribution in humans include * Macronutrients(e. g. , carbohydrate, protein and fat); * Micronutrients (e. g. , thiamin and Zn); * Non-nutrients (e. g. , dietary fiber, caffeine, capsaicin and phytoestrogens). Alzheimer’s disease Consumption of fish containing the omega-3 fatty acid docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) twice a week can reduce the risk of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). DHA has the strongest protective effect against AD compared to other omega-3 fatty acids. SOURCES AND BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF FUNCTIONAL FOODS IN NATURE Flaxseed

Flaxseed oil contains the highest level of omega-3 fatty acid Alfa-linolenic acid (ALA), and many important functional components, including high concentrations of protein and dietary fiber, lignin and other phytochemicals with antioxidant activities, such as Flavonoids, Phenolic acid and tocopherols. It is the richest source of mammalian lignin precursors. They play a role in prevention of estrogen-dependent cancers such as breast cancer, decrease tumors of the colon, mammary glands. Also reduce total and LDL cholesterol levels as well as platelet aggregation. ALA prevents blood clotting, which can cause fatal heart attacks. Tomatoes Tomatoes contain Lycopene, a primary Carotenoids. Consumption of products containing Lycopene reduces risk of cancer development, especially cancers of the prostate, breast, digestive tract, cervix, bladder, lung, and skin.

The mechanism for prevention of cancer by Lycopene is related to the compound’s role as an antioxidant. Lycopene is known to be the most efficient quencher of singlet oxygen in biological systems. Garlic Garlic is one of the most widely used traditional culinary herbs in the world, and it has long been noted for its medicinal virtues. It has been called “Russian Penicillin” owing to its antibacterial activity. Medicinal functions of garlic include anti-hypertensive, cholesterol-lowering, cancer-chemo preventive and antibiotic effects. The intact garlic bulb contains an amino acid called alliin, which is converted to Allicin by an enzyme called allinase when garlic bulbs are cut or crushed.

Allium vegetables, including onions, are believed to offer protection against cancer of the gastrointestinal tract. Cruciferous Vegetables Cruciferous vegetables include broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, collard, kale, kohlrabi, turnip, mustards, and watercress. The consumption of these reduces the risk of developing several kinds of cancer. These have high concentrations of glucosinolates (a group of glycosides) which has anticarcinogenic properties. Citrus Fruits Citrus fruits, oranges, tangerines, lemons and grapefruit, have a number of pharmacologically active components and are capable of preventing or alleviating diseases and promoting health, for example because of their anticancer effects.

Some of the principal nutrients in citrus fruits, such as vitamins C & E, folic acid, dietary fiber and carotenoids prevent and delay the onset of major degenerative diseases (e. g. , cancer, CVD, cataracts). Cranberries Cranberry juice has been used to treat urinary tract infections. It is rich in benzoic acid, which acidifies the urine. This juice also contains two other phytochemicals, fructose and a nondialysable polymeric compound, which have the ability to inhibit adherence of Escherichia Coli to uro-epithelial cells. Tea Tea, especially green tea, is a potential anticancer agent owing to its high concentrations of poly-Phenolic compounds.

Catechins is the principal poly phenols in tea. The tea polyphenols block the formation of nonmelanoma skin tumors. It is effective against CVD as well as cancer. Wine and Grapes Wine, especially red wine, reduces the incidence of CVD. The beneficial effects of red wine are thought to result from high concentrations of polyphenols, which are extracted from grape skins during fermentation and act as antioxidants. Chocolate Chocolate contains Flavonoids such as epicatechin, which promote cardiovascular health as a result of direct antioxidant effects or through antithrombotic mechanisms. Dark chocolate brings about an increase in both the total antioxidant capacity. Fish

The omega-3 fatty acids play an important role in reducing the incidence of CVD, cancer, mental disorder, and alcoholism. In addition omega-3 fatty acids perform many biological functions that can benefit the heart and blood vessels. FONCTIONAL INGREDIENTS FOR USE IN DAIRY FOODS Dairy foods contain various constituents known for contributing health benefits. Whey proteins are reported to modulate the immune system, decrease hypertension, reduce the risk of cancer and heart disease, and help in nutrient transport and adsorption. Calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, fluoride and vitamin K in milk play a significant role in bone health and prevention of osteoporosis in later life.

Calcium reduces the risk of colon cancer, formation of kidney stones, and helpful in obesity control. Butyric acid has been shown to reduce the risk of colon cancer. Conjugated linolenic acid is reported to modulate the immune system and protect against cancer of stomach, colon, breast, and prostrate. Sphingolipids may reduce the risk of cancer and CVD. The phospholipids acts as anticancer agents, antimicrobial agents against gastrointestinal pathogens and protect against Alzheimer’s disease, depression and stress. The milk fat globule membrane is reported to exhibit health promoting properties. Probiotics is the growing dairy functional food.

Health benefits of Probiotic products are – * Balancing intestinal micro flora * Improvement in lactose digestion * Prevention of diarrhea * Stimulation of immune system * Prevention of infectious diseases and elaboration of bacteriocins * Anticarcinogenesis * Reduction in serum cholesterol * Anti-inflammatory effects * Urinary tract infections, vaginitis and allergy MODIFICATIONS OF FOODS TO MAKE THEM FUNCTIONAL FOODS Modification | Health benefits | Add probiotics| Enhance gastrointestinal health & immune function, lower risk of colon cancer| Add prebiotics | Enhance gastrointestinal health & immune function, lower risk of colon cancer| Add minerals amp; vitamins| Improve nutritive value, reduce osteoporosis risk, control hypertension, & reduce risk of colon cancer| Add dietary fibers| Increase stool bulk & prevent constipation, reduce cholesterol & risk of heart disease, lower risk of colon cancer| Add soy protein| Reduce risk of certain cancers &heart disease| Add bioactive peptides| Control hypertension, enhance immune function, & increase bioavailability of mineral| Add omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids| Reduce risk of heart attack & certain cancers, enhance immune function| REGULATION OF FUNCTIONAL FOODS AND PUBLIC EDUCATION The field of functional foods has political, legal, and administrative dimensions. Thus, laws and government policies, regulation, guidelines must be established to authorize the marketing, labeling, and advertising of specific products on the basis of scientifically sound criteria for evaluating their efficacy, safety and quality. The field is economically important as well. The production, processing, and marketing of functional food are a thriving, multifaceted business.

The sale of such products has expanded greatly in the recent past to meet rising public demand for such products as a consequence of increasing awareness of their beneficial effects on human health. A less direct but equally significant economic issue is the reduction in the cost of health-care that may be expected if public health is benefited by improvements in eating habits. Public education about functional foods is another vitally important aspect of this field. A healthful diet helps to prevent and ameliorate the chronic diseases that are so prevalent in modern society. Yet, poor eating habits and their inevitable harmful consequences constitute a serious, wide spread problem.

The more thoughtful members of the general public have become increasingly concerned about dietary issues, increasingly aware of the crucial importance of a balanced, helpful diet and increasingly knowledgeable about the good health and improved quality of life that may result from regular consumption of functional foods. CONCLUSION In recent year there has been enormous progress in the study of functional foods and nutraceuticals and their important to the health of humans and animals, but there is a need for further research in many areas of this ancient, yet modern, field. To begin with, there is ample scope for more basic research that will lead to a better understanding of the mechanisms by which functional foods and nutraceuticals exert their beneficial (and, in certain cases, harmful) effects. The biologically active components must be identified and quantified using rigorous, standardized, internationally accepted methods.

Concomitantly, clinical and epidemiological investigation are required to assess the effects of functional foods and nutraceuticals on human health, with attention not only to their efficacy but also to issue such as proper dosage, delivery methods, bioavailability and safety. It is essential, that the discovery and subsequent exploitation of new sources of functional foods and nutraceuticals in nature be accomplished without damaging the environment or depleting populations of wild species. REFERENCES * Block G, Patterson B, Subar A. 1992. Fruits, vegetables and cancer prevention: A review of the epidemiological evidence. Nutr Cancer 18:1-29. * Chandan RC. 1999. Enhancing market value of milk by adding cultures. J Dairy Sci 82:2245-56. * Chandan RC. 2007. Functional properties of milk constituents. In: Hui YH, editor. Handbook of Food Products Manufacturing.

John Wiley, New York, Chapter 43, 971-87. * Di Silvestro RA. 2000. Flavonoids as antioxidants. In: Wildman REC, editor. Handbook of nutraceuticals and functional foods. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press. P. 127-43. * Dorant E, van den Brandt PA, Goldbohm RA, Hermus RJJ, Sturmans F. 1993. Garlic and its singnificance for the prevention of cancer in humans. A clinical review. Br J Cancer 67:424-9. * Farnwoth ER. 2000. Probiotics and probiotics. In: Wildman REC, editor. Handbook of nutraceuticals and functional foods. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press. P. 407-22. * Haster CM. 1998. Functional foods: Their role in disease prevention and health promotion. Food Technol 52:63-70.

On Tartuffe And The Enlightenment

“We live in a fantasy world, a world of illusion. The great task in life is to find reality. ” — Iris Murdoch We are immature people. Immanuel Kant defines immaturity as the inability to use one’s own understanding without the guidance of another (Kant, 1). This is exactly what we do day in and day out. Day in and day out we live our lives like passive little robots that follow the rules and follow a routine. When questions or situations come up that we do not feel comfortable with we are quick to avoid them as we look at the ground and walk away.

We want others to tell us what to do because it means we don’t have to think about it. Not thinking makes life easy and an easy life means comfort. This means not asking questions, accepting whatever you are told, and ultimately living in the dark while someone else guides you. Once again, you are immature. The idea of someone else controlling your life is sickening and hard to swallow, but for some reason millions of people continue to let someone else control them.

The question that must now be asked is why people would want to live in mental slavery. This is the question provides an answer that Enlightenment thinkers have waged a war against. People want to live lives of comfort and any struggle will cause them to sink back into their submissive state. However, the question that really needs to be asked is not why people want to live in mental slavery, but rather why people choose to stay immature?

Everyone understands the concepts of the Enlightenment and the social norms of the time, but almost no one questions the actual process of Enlightenment and overcoming our innate biological tendency to stick with the familiar and comfortable rather than the strange and difficult. In this regard, the ultimate question is again, “Why do we remain immature and what can be done about it? ” To introduce the topic, I am drawing from the German Philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche and his essay titled “The Challenge of Every Great Philosophy. “A traveler who had seen many countries and peoples and several continents was asked what human traits he had found everywhere; and he answered: men are inclined to laziness. Some will feel that he might have said with greater justice: they are all timorous. They hide behind customs and opinions. At bottom, every human being knows very well that he is in this world just once, as something unique, and that no accident, however strange, will throw together a second time into a unity such a curious and diffuse plurality: he knows it, but hides it like a bad conscience why?

From fear of his neighbor who insists on convention and veils himself with it. But what is it that compels the individual human being to fear his neighbor, to think and act herd-fashion, and not to be glad of himself? A sense of shame, perhaps, in a few rare cases. In the vast majority it is the desire for comfort, inertia – in short, that inclination to laziness of which the traveler spoke. He is right: men are even lazier than they are timorous, and what they fear most is the troubles with which any unconditional honesty and nudity would burden them.

Only artists hate this slovenly life in borrowed manners and loosely fitting opinions and unveil the secret, everybody’s bad conscience, the principle that every human being is a unique wonder; they dare to show us the human being as he is, down to the last muscle, himself and himself alone even more, that in this rigorous consistency of his uniqueness he is beautiful and worth contemplating, as novel and incredible as every work of nature, and by no means dull.

When a great thinker despises men, it is their laziness that he despises: for it is an account of this that they have the appearance of factory products and seem indifferent and unworthy of companionship or instruction. The human being who does not wish to belong to the mass must merely cease being comfortable with himself; let him follow his conscience which shouts at him: “Be yourself! What you are at present doing, opining, and desiring, that is not really you. ”…” From the story above, we can quickly identify Nietzsche’s basic argument: men are fearful and lazy.

Men have a tendency to hide behind customs to mask their lack of individuality. They hide their laziness with others in order to blend in so that they won’t be labeled as different. The reasons for this dwell in the desire for comfort. Men fear any trouble or additional burden that could make their live difficult. There has to be an underlying reason that prevents people from making the most out of life. Everyone knows that we only live once, yet most won’t do anything about this. In this world, humans are given the ability to be whatever they want.

They can build their own path and make a difference in this world. Despite having the capability to be unique and serve a purpose in this world, we continue to live lives of comfort instead of pursuing individuality. But what is the cause? Why do so few people capitalize on this opportunity? Our struggle stems from out evolutionary fear of rejection. As the human race has evolved, we have maintained some of our primitive tendencies in which the sole goal of life was to survive. In tribal times, humans relied on tribes to stay alive.

The group dynamic allowed for everyone to live in safety, but if you were for whatever reason ostracized from the group, the likelihood of your survival would drastically decrease. Essentially, being rejected from the group equaled death, so naturally we evolved to fear rejection. Fortunately, the extremity of rejection is no longer life or death. Rejection is now commonplace in our organized human society. This organization provides us the opportunity to create meaning in our lives by being able to do whatever we want to.

We have the chance to explore and take risks that lead to growth, development, and a deeper understanding of our own existence. The failure on the part of man to do this is what the Enlightenment movement was all about. Those who realized that they had to opportunity to change did, and worked to overcome the issues of becoming enlightened in a society that placed such an emphasis on conformity and almost demonized individuality. These men were able to find common ground between each other regardless of social, political, or economic status.

They were able to pursue truth and individuality by grouping together intellectually (through a series of letters and other writings) to communicate and exchange ideas with each other thus allowing them to embark on the ultimate journey. One of these men was Moliere, the author of Tartuffe? a book that communicated the true values of the Enlightenment. While the ability to want to abandon comfort is easy, it is the journey leading to that state that is difficult. This shouldn’t come as a surprise because something never comes from nothing.

Those taking the journey will never advertise that giving up the comforts of living in the dark is easy, but they know that almost anything worthwhile is worth fighting for. However difficult the journey, it is not something that should be feared, but instead embraced. Simply overcoming the fear of rejection is not the only step on the journey. There are several other “inner” aspects, all revolving around fear that must be dealt with first. The first factor is the fear of pain. In extreme circumstances, being different and having a different opinion has dire consequences. Genocide for example, stems from being different. Historically and anthropologically peoples have always had a name for themselves. In a great many cases, that name meant ‘the people’ to set the owners of that name off against all other people who were considered of lesser quality in some way. If the differences between the people and some other society were particularly large in terms of religion, language, manners, customs, and so on, then such others were seen as less than fully human: pagans, savages, or even animals. ” (Chalk and Jonassohn, 28) Comparing the fear of pain and the fear of rejection a pattern begins to emerge – the root of fear is death.

People are scared to be alone. From walking down the street at night to voicing an unpopular opinion, people hate being alone. This, once again is because loneliness breeds insecurity and insecurity often leads to some undesirable consequence, such as death. During the Enlightenment, men fought this loneliness by forming a network of letters to share their ideas and opinions. The great part about this was that even though no one around them thought in the same way, they took refuge in knowing that at least they were not alone. Another “inner” fear is the fear of failure. When we fail, we learn.

Especially after giving it everything that we have because in the end we find out what we did wrong and can get feedback. So in reality if you learn from failure, it isn’t really failure at all. What we perceive to be risky really isn’t risky. If we accept the journey and take the risks, we soon discover that success and failure are both wins. Now, it is with this pertinent information that you must realize that the ultimate risk is to do nothing at all. The final “inner” fear is the fear of self. While starting the journey will lead you in the right direction, the problem is not solved yet.

There is one other significant aspect of this journey other than desire and perseverance. “Self discovery entails the bravery to take an honest look at ourselves; and this is usually not without considerable pain. ” Looking into the mirror may hurt, but realize that growing almost always requires some pain. In society today, we can look at the millions of athletes who beat themselves up in order to get better in the end and understand that the expression “no pain, no gain” isn’t without merit and is common in the world we live in.

On the path to Enlightenment, we must endure mental and psychological pain rather than physical. In Tartuffe, Moliere exemplifies these “inner” conflict ideas through the family. First we have Madame Pernelle who is only concerned about what others think about her. Instead of caring about what the people she loved thought, she was concerned with the neighbors and their gossip as displayed by, “…but it gives people the occasion to talk, and that is not well. ” (Moliere, 3) Madame Pernelle was essentially afraid of what others thought of her except for the people who really mattered (her family).

Now the rest of the family demonstrates the positive attributes that fight the fears of becoming enlightened. Just as the Enlightenment thinkers could reside in each other, the family in Tartuffe could reside in each other. Elmire, Cleante, and Dorine all provide counsel to Mariane and Damis who are on their path to individuality (Moliere, 15-24). The family members work together and think about different approaches to the marriage situation and take their time to solve issues. Once all of the “inner” issues have been worked out and we overcome our fears we still have several external, “outer” issues to confront.

The first comes from those in power. During the Enlightenment the Church was the supreme power. While there is nothing wrong with having a ruling class, the problem comes when the ruling class is misleading its followers. Many Enlightenment thinkers would agree with Martin Luther and his “95 Theses” that expose the corruption within the Church. In Tartuffe, Moliere expresses his agreement through the character Tartuffe. Tartuffe is a sly and cunning con man who lies, cheats and steals his way into success while pretending to be a saintly church man.

Just like the church was pretending to be the perfect organization which demanded the respect of all people but was corrupt at the core, Tartuffe puts on a show for others in pursuit of personal gain. The issue here is that those in power are corrupt. And those who have power do not want to give it up. The driving idea behind George Orwell’s classic 1984 was that the minority was in charge of the majority. There were no options and there was no free thought. The people were entirely controlled by a select group of individuals who wanted to maintain power.

The goal of the upper, ruling class as Tarvin Dukes so eloquently put it was to “get high” and the goal of the lower class was to “get by. ” This “get high” – “get by” mentality is what drives those who are in control to rule over the unenlightened and also what drives the unenlightened to survive. This fundamental problem has existed for centuries and the rapid attempts to fix it have failed. What those before the Enlightenment Era failed to realize is that change does not happen overnight. As Moliere demonstrated in Tartuffe, change in the group dynamic takes time and dedication.

Throughout the book Moliere uses two main characters to showcase this set of ideals. The first is Orgon who has is captivated by Tartuffe the con man and refuses to believe anything negative about him. This is demonstrated clearly in Act 1 Scene IV when Orgon comes home inquiring about Tartuffe while completely disregarding the poor health of his wife (Moliere, 6). Throughout the story, Orgon’s investment in Tartuffe is tested by the rest of the family, but doesn’t break until the very end of the story when Tartuffe reaches the point of having sex with Elmire (Orgon’s wife) right in front of him (Moliere, 40).

This illustrates that people are unwilling to change, even if there is substantial evidence supporting one side. The other demonstration is through Damis who freaks out on Tartuffe. “No, madame, no, this ought to be made public. I was in this place and over heard it all; and the goodness of Heaven seems to have directed me thither to confound the pride of a traitor that wrongs me, to open me a way to take vengeance of his hypocrisy and insolence, to undeceive my father and show him, in a clear light, the soul of a villain that talks to you of love. (Moliere, 27) When Damis freaked out, he demonstrated one of the core ideas of the Enlightenment: authority is very slow to change. In the situation, Damis springs this new information on Orgon which overwhelms him and results in him choosing Tartuffe’s side and disowning Damis (Moliere, 28-30). The men of the Enlightenment, especially Moliere, recognized the sluggish nature of change so they did all that they could without upsetting the ruling class.

In doing this, they changed the group dynamic by making observations and comments that demonized certain behaviors and valorized others in order to shift the group dynamic turning their minority into the majority. In demonizing certain behaviors, they implemented a simple psychological trick that rests on people’s desire to fit in. By making certain behaviors inappropriate, people stopped doing them out of fear of rejection from the social groups. Ironically, overcoming the fear of rejection is essential to being enlightened yet somehow many defaulted to the fear of rejection to make the switch from the church to the individual.

However, not everyone listened and agreed with this newfound way of thinking. This is no one’s fault but those who refused to change. Being open to change is arguably the most important thing we can do in our lives. Having a strong, burning desire to change and the perseverance to keep going during tough times is critical. Realizing that we are on this earth for a purpose and must delay gratification (short term pain for long term gain) allows us to take the necessary steps towards enlightenment. The Enlightenment Era was a time of change.

The change might have been slow, but it was still taking place on a larger scale. With all of those men exchanging ideas with each other, they were able to slowly bring about change. In Tartuffe we are shown the true colors of the Enlightenment movement. We see how Moliere viewed the church, how he though enlightened people should think and act, and how some people refuse to change unless you shove the evidence in their face. In the end, Orgon changed just like many other people at the time of the enlightenment, but know this; it wasn’t because they were the crazy ones who wanted to change things.

They were just part of the overall group dynamic which changed and didn’t want to be the outcast. Overall, change requires three things: people, time, and desire. One of the greater thinkers of our generation was Steve Jobs the CEO of Apple who nicely summed up the driving movement behind change. Small groups of people, who have an idea, and are vocal enough to express it usually end up changing the world. The Enlightenment Era entailed thousands of men quietly voicing their opinions in an attempt to change things. And you know what?

They succeeded. “Here’s to the crazy ones, the misfits, the rebels, the troublemakers, the round pegs in the square holes… the ones who see things differently — they’re not fond of rules… You can quote them, disagree with them, glorify or vilify them, but the only thing you can’t do is ignore them because they change things… they push the human race forward, and while some may see them as the crazy ones, we see genius, because the ones who are crazy enough to think that they can change the world, are the ones who do. – Steve Jobs Works Cited “. ” BrainyQuote. com. Xplore Inc, 2013. 16 April. 2013. https://www. google. com/ Chalk, Frank Robert, and Kurt Jonassohn. The History and Sociology of Genocide: Analyses and Case Studies. New Haven: Yale UP, 1990. Print. Kant, Immanuel, and Mary J. Gregor. Practical Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1996. Print. Kaufmann, Walter Arnold. Existentialism from Dostoevsky to Sartre. New York: Meridian, 1956. Print. Moliere. Tartuffe. Mineola, NY: Dover Publications, 2000. Print.

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