Condom Distribution Vs Abstinence In Schools Essay Example

Sexual Education was introduced to the American Public School System in 1913, at the beginning of this century. Superintendent of Schools, Ella Flagg Young promoted the teaching of sex education, and implemented sex hygiene lectures in the Chicago, IL, school system. The goal then was to reduce social problems such as venereal disease and prostitution by educating the public about sex.

Now, in the last year of the 20th century, goals are different, but the conflicting opinions on sexual education are still going strong. Health promotion goals for teenagers include postponement of sexual activity until psychosocial maturity and consistent use of condoms by those who do engage in sexual intercourse. Most people agree with these goals to a certain degree. However the tension arises when methods of meeting these goals are discussed.

The following report explains some of the biggest issues dwelling around how public schools should teach sexual education. The two main options discussed are teaching abstinence, and condom distribution. Throughout the United States, school districts and states are basing their policies around these two ideas.

The importance of this issue is very significant. Over the last century, our statistics for teen health and sexuality problems have been getting worse and worse, and this is the time for change. The decisions that we make now will decide if we:

  • educate and inspire our youth and the sexual health status of our youth improves for generations to come,
  • overexpose the youth, and they get out of control, or
  • suppress the youth, denying them knowledge and resources, and our situation continually worsens for generations to come.

Our youth today face horrible odds in the area of health, and almost everyone, regardless of political positions, or religious standing, agrees that the problem needs to be addressed.

The average age for initiation of sexual intercourse is now middle to late adolescence. As of 1992, 54% of all U.S. high school students were coitally experienced, and since then the rate has risen steadily. Unfortunately, studies also show that the majority of these kids do not use condoms consistently. The United States has the highest teen pregnancy rate of any developed nation, and worldwide, more than one million teenagers become pregnant each year. Approximately 3 million 13 to 19 year olds are infected with STD’s, not including HIV/AIDS. This disease infects 10,000 13 to 21 year olds yearly.

The dreadful statistics just go on and on. Many people have been working to find a solution, through schools, that will help reduce these problems. However, an agreement has not been found. It is yet to be decided whether we should be teaching abstinence, or teaching more about contraception, and making easier ways for students to get it.

Many organizations and individuals feel that teaching abstinence is the best way to improve teen health problems. It is thought that if we can teach the youth to abstain from sexual activity until marriage, or until psychosocial maturity, then many of the problems can be greatly reduced.

Abstinence is clinically proven to be the only 100% affective way to prevent pregnancy, avoid STDs, and avoid HIV/AIDS. It is also widely believed that abstinence is the only way to prevent the emotional, social and mental damage that can be cause by pre-marital or pre-psychosocially mature sex.

However, it is also strongly believed that teaching abstinence promotes naive thinking pertaining to sex. It neglects the necessary teaching of birth control and contraceptive methods. It is argued that only teaching abstinence cheats youth out of knowledge they deserve to have, since they are physically capable of intercourse, and many of them do choose to be sexually involved. Abstinence methods are usually ineffective to students who are already sexually active. We know that teens are doing this, so how can we not teach them how to do it safely?

Teaching abstinence seriously offends some parents, and their students. One school that implemented an abstinence only curriculum had major objections by members of the community. As a matter of fact, one mother withdrew her student from the school, and found the child education at another facility. She then threatened to take court action against the school if it does not drop its abstinence-promoting program, “Sex Respect.”

People are also offended when sex education besides abstinence is taught (like contraception) to the youth. It is said that this wrongly interferes with parents’ right to guide their children’s moral upbringing. Currently, there are no laws protecting parental-rights and family rights, but congressional conservatives are pushing bills to cover this issue. Some states have also passed laws saying that their schools will teach abstinence- promoting sexual education classes. The policies have various requirements for exactly how this issue may be approached in a classroom environment.

The second controversial option for school sex-ed solutions is distributing condoms in schools. Many districts have already begun to do this. Many different methods of condom distribution have been tried, from anonymous, unlimited supply, to special handouts after discussing your situation with a school counselor.

Studies show that condom distribution does increase condom use among sexually active students, and that it neither hastens initiation of sexual activity nor results in greater frequency of intercourse among students. Results were particularly good for higher risk students, which are those who have had 3 or more partners in the last 6 months. The use of condoms at last intercourse was two times higher than a similar school that does not have condom distribution.

Proponents claim that condom distribution lets students know that the community cares about their total health and well being and that there are adults who are prepared to deal with the reality of their lives rather than maintain a position of denial about adolescent sexual behavior.

However, this solution isn’t as easy as it may sound. Taking the issue all the way back to the founding purpose of education, distribution of contraceptives does not comply with the reasons that we have schools. The government is funding most condom distributions, so some people think that they should fund this activity, but do it somewhere besides public schools. They could use the money for expanding health services to better meet the needs of students, including the need for available contraceptives.

Sexual education is a process of learning about sexuality, but the families of these students need to have some say in what their children are taught and what they have access to. A majority of parents feel that it is not appropriate to hand out condoms in school. The parents want the opportunity to help their child decide whether or not to have sex, and how they should go about protecting themselves. When it comes to safe sex, there is a lot more than just using a condom.

However one school passed a policy that they would distribute condoms in school, and parents didn’t seem to care to put effort into keeping them out of school! Letters were mailed to the parent of every student, expressing the school’s hope that the parents would like to deny their child access to the distribution, and sign that they, as a family would deal with this issue. Surprisingly, only 2 % of the parents even bothered to return the card.

It can be decided, after intense study of the issues and both sides of argument, that there is surely no easy or simple solution to this problem. The best approach would most likely be to find a way to integrate the efforts of parents, families, schools, religions organizations, health departments, community agencies, and the media, and teach appropriate things in appropriate places. There is no single approach, whether utilizing sexuality education, abstinence programs, condom availability programs, or others, that can alone eliminate the high rates of STDs and pregnancy among sexually active adolescents

Education’s role is to provide adolescents with the knowledge, attitudes, and skills that they need to refrain from sexual intercourse, or to use contraceptives and condoms effectively if they choose to have intercourse. Parents and family have the role of teaching their children values, and morals, and discussing sexual issues with their children voluntarily, so that the children in return, can come to the parents when they need to. Health facilities’ roles are to provide health care for students, and publicize the options they offer in the schools, and in places where students can be made aware of how to maintain the resources and assistance that they need.

A comprehensive community-based alliance of parents, health professionals, and schools is imperative to positively influence adolescent behavior. Unfortunately, at the present time most of the pressure is on the schools to take action. However, if people can pull together, and help be part of the solution, it is likely that we can make a difference, and help our youth make good healthy decisions.

Reference

  1. Allen, Jane E. “More Sex Not Reported.” The Associated Press. 13 Apr. 1998. (Internet)
  2. Allen, Michael R. “Condoms, The Courts, The Schools, and An Election.” SD Times. 25 Sept. 1997. (Internet)

    Burgess, Don. “Condom Proposal Faces Opposition.” Bermuda Sun. Online. http://www.bermudasun.org/issues/Mar14_97/faith2.html..

  3. De Freitas, Chrystal. Keys to Your Child’s Healthy Sexuality. New York: Barron’s Educational Series, 1998. (Philomath Library)
  4. Dixon, Patrick. “Some Parents Object to Encouraging Abstinence.” “Sex Respect campaign – extract Rising Price of Love. Online. http://www.globalchange.com/books/rpl1k.htm.
  5. Elkind, David. Parenting Your Teenager. New York: Balantine Books, 1993. (Philomath Library)
  6. Lea, Susanna. “N.C. Legislature passes bill planning High School Condom Distribution.” Nandonext. Online. http://www.nando.net/links/nandonext/.volume3/condom.htm
  7. Leach, Penelope. Children First. NewYork: Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., 1994. (Corvallis Library)
  8. Raab, Earl. “Distributing Condoms in Schools Can Weaken Families.Jewish Community Relations Council. Online. http://jewishsf.com/bk950602/comm2.htm.
  9. Radosh, Alice, and Archer, Elayne. “Study Reveals New York City Schools AIDS Education and Condom Availability Program Increases
  10. Condom Use Without Increasing Rates of Sexual Activity Among Teens.” Press Release. 30 Sept. 1997. New York. (Internet)
  11. Schaefer, Charles E. How to Talk to Children about Really Important Things. New York: Harper & Row Publishers, Inc., 1984. (Philomath Library)
  12. Shapiro, Lawrence E. How to Raise a Child with a High Emotional Quotient. New York: HarperCollins Publishers, Inc., 1997. (Corvallis Library)
  13. Seigel, Robert. Telephone Interview by Amber Johnson. 20 Oct. 1999 (Personal Interview)
  14. Thomas, Cal. “Those ‘harmless’ condoms in school.” Los Angeles Times Syndicate. 7 Oct. 1997. (Internet)
  15. Thompson, Nels. Personal Interview by Amber Johnson and Andrea Shonnard. 20 Oct. 1999 (Personal Interview)
  16. Unlisted Author. “Condom Availability for Youth.” American Academy of Pediatrics. Online. http://aap.org/policy/.00654.html.
  17. Unlisted Author. “Education Committee Splits on Condom Access Issue.” Terrace Times, 22 Apr. 1998. (Internet)
  18. Unlisted Author. “Texas Law. as passed by the 74th Texas Legislature.” Texas Law. Online. http://www.days.org/texaslaw.html.
  19. Unlisted Author. “The Impact of Condoms in Schools.” New York Times. 3 Oct. 1997. A22. (Internet)
  20. Viadero, Debra. “Condom Programs Don’t Spur Sex, Study Says.” Education Weekly. Online. http://www.edweek.org/ew/vol-17/06condom.h17.

 

Abortion: Pro-choice Essay

An abortion is a medical process that should be offered in every Hospital.

I myself am pro-choice, there are several grounds that contribute to that and those will be discussed in this essay. My first ground, is that it is the adult female’s organic structure, and she can make with it what she pleases. In 1973, the United States Supreme Court ruled that every bit long as the babe is in the uterus, he or she would be the belongings of the female parent. Due to this, about every 3rd babe in the state is killed by abortion. However, I still feel that it is the right of the female parent to do that determination. I believe that if the female parent believes that it is in her best involvement and the best involvement of the kid, so an abortion should be preformed.

I besides believe that in instances of colza and incest, an abortion should most decidedly be preformed. To convey a kid into the universe, who is most likely traveling to be mentally retarded, is merely incorrect. I think that people who have sex, and are related demand to be thrown in gaol. Particularly, if they have the babe, that is merely ill. Rape, is another automatic abortion, I think that to do the female carry this kid around inside of her for 9 months is merely grim. Everday she would believe of that awful dark, when sex was forced on her. That dark that she was assaulted, punched, strangled, and tongue on. The dark she was lacerate apart, for the interior out. I don? T know about you, but I would non desire that for my female parent, possible girl, or even a close female friend.

If BY opportunity, the impregnation was an accident, and the female parent would hold great problem supplying for the kid, so an abortion could, and should be considered. In this state of affairs, I would set the kid up for acceptance. However, if the female parent would hold great trouble supplying for the kid while the kid is in the uterus, so that is a different narrative. If she is traveling to travel into great debt with all of the antenatal attention, and physician visits, so I think it is non deserving seting out two people.

Most pro-life protagonists say that the foetus is a individual excessively, and that holding an abortion is slaying, and you should travel to imprison. They believe that from the minute the babe is conceived that he or she is a life, take a breathing human being, and that they have the same position on this Earth as a adult male walking around outside. That is their chief statement for why non to hold an abortion. I would wish to see what a pro-life protagonist does when she is raped. I am really funny as to whether or non they would hold an abortion. I think that they would check and come to the pro-choice side. Most pro-lifers are really pro-life, until something happens to them and they need an abortion. So, until it happens to them and they don? T choose an abortion, so they need to maintain there mouths shut.

I think that abortions should be allowed in infirmaries. I think that if she wants an abortion, so she should be able to acquire it, at a local infirmary. I believe that adult females should hold a pick in what they want to make with their organic structures. If she doesn? T want a kid, she should hold that pick.

Attachment – Important Stage In Child Development

Attachment is the process through which an infant forms a connection and bonds with their caregivers. When I leave my son with my grandmother to babysit while I run errands, he begins to sense that he will be separated from us and starts whining. This behavior began when he was about seven or eight months old, just as the book described. Whenever we pick him up from school or someone’s house, he eagerly runs towards us, showering us with hugs and kisses. The feeling this gives me is beyond words. It is evident that my son experiences stranger anxiety — even waitresses who attempt to engage with him are met with a firm “NO!”. In my view, attachment is the profound bond my son shares with his mother and myself; he clings to us in a way that is truly extraordinary. I see this as something positive.

The secure attachment can be created by listing and explaining the factors that contribute to it.

The concept of Body Contact involves the infant developing a sense of attachment to the caregiver due to the nurturing, feeding, rocking, warmth, and security provided. During nighttime, my son doesn’t simply lie down and fall asleep; he desires to be held and given a bottle, mostly by his mother.

Attachment is deeply connected to familiarity, which can be challenging to alter once established. For instance, when a child is placed with adoptive parents after being separated from their biological ones, adjusting to the new caregivers can prove difficult. This same sense of attachment is evident in my son’s strong connection to Elmo; he happily watches the same video multiple times daily.

Temperament, which is a child’s reaction to specific situations, can vary greatly. For instance, when a parent departs from the room, certain children may respond by crying. This conduct was witnessed in our own son during school drop-off: at first, he would scream and cry. Nevertheless, upon checking on him later, we would find him contentedly engaged in play as if he had merely feigned distress. Each infant possesses their distinct temperament; some exhibit heightened emotional reactivity while others maintain composure. In our particular situation, our baby’s temperament falls somewhere intermediate.

Responsive Parenting refers to how parents respond to their child’s needs for attention and inappropriate behavior, as well as how they handle these situations. Currently, my son is in the stage of imitating others to some extent. For instance, if my brother uses a swear word, my son quickly repeats it (“sit, sit, sit”). While this may be amusing for some people, it is crucial for us not only to find it funny but also to discipline him; otherwise, he will perceive it as adorable. Additionally, we need to reprimand my brother so that both he and our son understand that using such language is not acceptable. By behaving in this manner, we are demonstrating responsible parenting. It is important to note that our son has developed a secure attachment with us, which corresponds with Mary Ainsworth’s research on positive child-parent relationships.

What stage of development does trust occur according to Erikson?

Erikson stresses the importance of trust in the early stages of parenting for forming a secure connection between child and caregiver. I have noticed that my son can easily recover from big falls with laughter, but even a small bump on his head can lead to tears if he perceives a negative response from his mother.

Why is this stage in development significant?

The connection formed between you and your child during this stage will have a lasting effect on your relationship. As the French say, the lessons learned in infancy leave an enduring imprint on us.

When a child is abused, what happens to the attachment?

Child abuse can cause lasting damage and have long-term consequences for the victim. The memories of trauma resulting from sexual or physical abuse can resemble those portrayed in movies. Moreover, ongoing abuse diminishes a child’s feeling of connection, leading them to adopt harmful coping strategies like excessive eating, drinking, or drug use.

How does building trust during childhood relate to intimacy in adulthood?

The connection between attachment in early years and intimacy in adulthood revolves around the longing for closeness and safety. During childhood, the main focus is on seeking attachment to feel secure. As one grows into adulthood, there is a shift towards pursuing emotional closeness through intimacy. However, I personally tend to avoid getting too close to others because I prefer not having more children!

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