Coward And The War Novel: The Wars Comparison Essay Sample For College

In both stories, the action takes place during World War I, during which new technological weaponry and trench warfare were heavily used. As shown in the film, the forces used artillery and hid in trenches, however the book cites the use of mustard gas throughout the war, and the need of remaining in subterranean bunkers, as well as the employment of machine guns. It was shown in both the novel and the film, which were both set during World War II, that the men were exposed to horrendous living conditions during their service. They were shown living in muddy dugouts and working despite the fact that it was snowing or raining outside their camp in the short film “Coward.” Throughout “The War,” this was witnessed on a number of occasions. In one scenario, Robert, the main character, is on board the S.S. Massanabie, where soldiers were squeezed into small bunks and exposed to polluted air, which caused some of them to fall unconscious.

Both the novel and the short film seem to be characterized by a feeling of unease brought on by the struggle. When the soldiers are on their break in a short film, they are suddenly attacked and must defend their lives despite the fact that they are dazed and confused as a consequence of the sudden bombardment. The book also recounted a moment during which Robert’s dugout was suddenly blasted by the Germans, resulting in the deaths of Robert’s colleagues and the complete devastation of their dugout, which was quite similar to the image in the novel.

Another similarity between the two plays is the way in which they showed the trauma that servicemen suffered as a consequence of the fighting. In the narrative, there were many instances when individuals were driven to madness as a consequence of the painful conditions that they had been subjected to. As a result of the explosion in their dugout, Robert’s friend Levitt was knocked unconscious and received a concussion (Vadalà, 2021). Another character, Captain Taffler, sought to commit suicide after being injured in a battle in which he lost both of his arms. A second point to mention is that the main character of the short film, Andrew, was caught aback by the sudden attack that they had faced, which forced him to abandon his position, finally leading in his death. Because I read the book and saw the short film, I became more aware of the challenges that soldiers endured while fighting in combat. Examples include living in horrific conditions, such as those experienced by the troops in the film and novel, or being compelled to carry out activities that are against their moral values, such as when Robert was ordered to kill the injured horse, among other things. Following the reading of these works, I was able to see the cruelty of life under the conditions of an active military battle.

The short film, without a doubt, adds to the imagery of the atrocities stated in the original essay. A visual and aural presentation of the narrative enhanced the impact that the story had on the audience, despite the fact that the book did an outstanding job of expressing an attack. As a result of seeing and hearing the battlefield, the soldiers’ scared looks, the strong exchange of assaults, as well as the explosions, gunshots, and ringing Andrew heard, I understood how terrifying it must be to serve in a combat zone. The fact that both compositions are concerned with a topic that is somewhat similar does not preclude them from taking a very different approach to it. Those responsible for creating the short film will have the opportunity to use extra cinematography and sound effects to completely immerse the viewer in the plot. Using diverse views on certain circumstances, for example, they may provide viewers with a more complete understanding of what is going on. They may also contribute to the creation of a mood for the picture by using a variety of camera angles and color grading techniques. The opposite is true in that a book may show a higher number of events than a film, making it more complete than a movie. It may also contain a detailed narrative of the events, as well as more insight into the perspectives of the characters in the tale. A writer may also experiment with various writing styles in order to better communicate the story to the audience (Cormier, 2018).

However, since they both take place during World War I, and if the stories of the book and film are very different, there are several connections between them. As previously said, both works depicted the living conditions of soldiers during a war, the uncertainties that accompany conflict, and the trauma that soldiers endure as a consequence of the things they’ve seen and experienced while serving in a combat situation, respectively. My research found that a significant proportion of soldiers serving during that time period suffered from shell shock, which is a kind of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which resulted in their being severely punished. When it comes to the third element, I’ve focused my emphasis on the visual and auditory aspects of the film. I’ve chosen to concentrate on the cinematography and sound design of the film as my fourth point since these are the aspects that separate it from the book. When it comes to the book, I have said that it has the potential to convey more of what life was like during the war, and that it can experiment with different writing approaches in order to better describe the events that transpired during that time.


Cormier, M. (2018). Ulyssean Influences on Postmodern Identities: Revisiting Timothy Findley’s The Wars. ESC: English Studies in Canada, 44(4), 63-85.

Vadalà, C. (2021). Scenic design for Timothy Findley’s The Wars adapted by Dennis Garnhum (Doctoral dissertation, University of British Columbia).

Crime In Chicago Essay Sample For College

Introduction to the Literature Review

The association between exposure and vulnerability and fear of violence was explored in this research, which looked at fear of crime in a range of Chicago areas. Social vulnerability, comprising concentrated deprivation and crime rates, was assessed at the neighborhood scale. For instance, Chicago’s population’s wide racial and socioeconomic class heterogeneity makes it a perfect research location for socio-geographical studies. Since 1980, Chicago has been one of the four most deeply segregated cities in the United States in terms of spatial segregation along racial boundaries (Smith, 2020). As a result, studying the effects of segregation is a scientifically sound geographical endeavor because it necessitates a sharp distinction of urban zones while also tying these places to the city’s wider context of violence.

Review of the Literature

Shaw and McKay’s social disorganization concept aims to explain how structural variables may affect crime levels in a given location, and theories that relate fear of crime to evidence of dysfunction or degradation in the community derive from this idea (Ba et al., 2019). Neighborhoods with a high number of citizens living below the poverty line extreme poverty, massive unemployment, and a high proportion of people financially reliant on others have social disorder. Relatively high population movement, different land use, and level of urbanization are other variables linked to disorder.

Although a beautiful and prospering city in many ways, there is no denying that Chicago has a violent crime problem. Ba et al., (2019) denoted that in 2017, over 700 people have been murdered in Chicago, a decrease from the gruesome 781 killings recorded in 2017, the city’s worst year in two decades, although the city’s violent crime rates remain persistently higher than the national average. Statistics on murders, on the other hand, only reveal half of the narrative; they don’t tell the whole tale. Rather, Chicago’s high violence is mostly the result of a combination of urban dynamics that have combined in certain way (Ba et al., 2019) .The alleviation and resolution of conflict is the primary societal significance of a conflict-based research study.

Children who see communal violence are more likely to develop internalizing habits, as well as psychological issues such as anxiousness, anxiety, substance misuse, and post – traumatic stress disorder, according to research by Ruiz & Sawant (2019). Nevertheless, Tung et al.,(2018) denoted that it would be naive to believe that this concept could dramatically reduce Chicago’s victimization and future violent crime rates on its own. Instead, the discovery of the fundamental reasons of Chicago’s criminal activity has a greater societal significance. Constructs of race and expressions of racism are strongly related to conceptions of urban space,” according to Mayne et al. (2018), and “people organize their ‘daily existence’ within the restrictions or possibilities of the built environment.” As Mayne et al.,(2018) argues, those limits and opportunities are disproportionately but undeniably spatially scattered around the city, which has resulted in the progressively layered consequence of ethnic and economic segregation affecting generation after generation of African Americans.


According to the research assessment, neighborhood disorder can cause changes in social dynamics, further reducing community capacity to deal with local concerns. The topic’s importance in literature review is proven by a criticism of standard criminologists that contextualizes relations with the community in the U. S. and Chicago. This chapter, in particular, demonstrates how institutional racism has harmed community-police relations and contends that the mainstream press is mostly to blame for perpetuating a stereotype of black criminality.


Ba, B. A., & Rivera, R. (2019). The effect of police oversight on crime and allegations of misconduct: Evidence from chicago. U of Penn, Inst for Law & Econ Research Paper, (19-42).

Mayne, S. L., Pool, L. R., Grobman, W. A., & Kershaw, K. N. (2018). Associations of neighbourhood crime with adverse pregnancy outcomes among women in Chicago: analysis of electronic health records from 2009 to 2013. J Epidemiol Community Health72(3), 230-236.

Ruiz, D. R., & Sawant, A. (2019). Quantitative analysis of crime incidents in Chicago using data analytics techniques. Computers, Materials & Continua59(2), 389-396.

Smith, C. M. (2020). Exogenous shocks, the criminal elite, and increasing gender inequality in chicago organized crime. American Sociological Review85(5), 895-923.

Tung, E. L., Wroblewski, K. E., Boyd, K., Makelarski, J. A., Peek, M. E., & Lindau, S. T. (2018). Police‐recorded crime and disparities in obesity and blood pressure status in Chicago. Journal of the American Heart Association7(7), e008030.

Criminal Intelligence And Crime Analysis University Essay Example

In recent years, state police departments have seen widespread information and technology advancements in my neighborhood, helping small groups coordinate their plans and learn. While such transformations have boosted productivity, in general, they have also led to the rise of new opportunities beyond the law (Ratcliffe et al., 2019). Consequently, Modern criminals are more sophisticated and operationally agile in their determinations to undermine law and order. These modifications in how organizations and persons commit times have led the State Police to implement the ILP.

In 2019, my state’s police department came up with several strategies to ensure the accomplishment of ILP. For instance, the police analyzed crime tendencies in my neighborhood. They formed a plan to target social crimes like burglaries mainly. They hired analysts to collect and analyze crime patterns, reports, state informants, and archival data to form a crime control model whose priority was to select offenders who break, rob, and sell narcotics. Eventually, I decreased crimes in my neighborhood.

ILP is the best management tactic supporting optimum resource allocation by fully comprehending the environment. Law enforcers trace this philosophy to the United Kingdom, and it has of late gained power in the US, specifically after the announcement of a national criminal intelligence-sharing plan. This policy is based on better intelligence acts to assist in comprehending changes in the environment to help law enforcers adjust to the new changes. This philosophy backs policymakers who look for intelligence to better their judgment and assist them in providing the best solutions on matters regarding tactical operations, resource allocation, and crime control tactics. The key to this policing is to know why we need optimal resource allocation to stop terrorism, crime, and other issues by improving environmental awareness. I suppose adopting this philosophy requires senior leaders to continue to engage operators and analysts to make sure that leaders have enough knowledge on the operating surroundings and can allocate resources based on the made conclusions and priorities laid out from this comprehension (Cope et al., 2017).

For an analyst, the primary purpose of ILP entails strategic products tactical and operational intelligence products. A functioning intelligence product is needed to plan at a unit level—for instance, analyzing information regarding street gangs in my town. Secondly, ILP needs an awareness of things that affect the broader scope of NJSP and its partners for the senior leaders. This involves working with operators and analysts. ILP necessitates transferring information into databases and getting intelligence to aid in patrol processes for troopers and detectives. This implies that operators should switch their focus to regularly gathering data rather than emphasizing post- crime evidence. ILP is one way that my state wants to change its operations to improve the structure of its planning both in the mid and long term (Bullock et al., 2017). The principles of this philosophy are well-defined by the ongoing and simultaneous application of 4 their primary facades; acceptance of the intelligence cycle for data analysis, making and combining functions., application of strategic plans, and intelligence-based analysis to allocate resources.

An essential feature of the intelligence-led placing (ILP) entails gathering and examining information to yield intelligence products required for influencing decisions at operational, strategic, and tactical levels ( Bullock et al. 2020)l. ILP calls for analysts and intelligence operators to interpret the criminal surroundings using intelligent products that ultimately affect the environment by effectively allocating resources. In conclusion, every state striving towards security in neighborhoods must increase its intelligence and information sharing abilities through adapting the ILP.


Ratcliffe, J. H. (2019). Intelligence-led policing. Trends and issues in crime and criminal justice, (248), 1-6.

Cope, N. (2017). ‘Intelligence-Led Policing or Policing Led Intelligence?’ Integrating Volume Crime Analysis into Policing. British journal of criminology44(2), 188-203.

McGarrell, E. F., Bullock, J. D., & Chermak, S. (2017). Intelligence-led policing as a framework for responding to terrorism. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice23(2), 142-158.

Bullock, K. (2020). Community, intelligence-led policing and crime control. Policing and Society23(2), 125-144.