Crime And Process Model Essay Example

They represent opposite ends of a spectrum. Crime control aims to remove criminals from society and safeguard the innocent. On the other hand, the due process framework in criminal justice resembles a challenging course, wherein one must navigate through legal hurdles to ultimately ensure the correct conviction. Despite their differences, both approaches share a common objective for the criminal justice system: to identify the guilty party and exonerate the innocent.

The collaboration between both systems is crucial, however, the courts must ensure sufficient time, evidence, and justification to proceed with a case. Court reform has emerged as a significant concern in contemporary justice system. In criminal courts, individuals accused of crimes but not yet proven guilty are detained for extended periods while awaiting trial. Conversely, crime victims perceive an imbalance in their rights compared to the accused individuals.

There are allegations of numerous litigants in civil courts filing frivolous lawsuits and engaging in a “liability lottery” with the hope of winning a large sum, regardless of the legitimacy of their claim. Consequently, some individuals are advocating for “tort reform” to establish barriers to litigation.

To address the concern of gender bias in the courts, please consult pages 135-136 for an article entitled “Is Gender Bias a Significant Problem in the Courts?” The article contains four questions at the end that you should answer. These questions can be found next to the last paragraph. Your responses may differ. One question pertains to your opinion on whether gender bias is a significant issue in courthouses nationwide.

Yes, I believe that gender bias is an issue in our nation’s courthouses because, as an army member, I have personally experienced its effects and witnessed how it diminishes the position of women. Society cannot truly achieve equality without acknowledging and addressing the instinctual drive to protect the weaker gender. Extensive research has shown that 98% of men admit to feeling this protective drive towards women, even when not explicitly requested. I am certain that this subconscious factor influences sentencing decisions involving women.

Some people may not believe that a woman who kills her husband did it out of anger and callousness. Rather, it might be due to an emotional factor that suggests men lack emotions, although this is mostly the situation. Many believe that the reason there is gender bias in both the courtroom and the American military is likely the same. While there are arguments for women having equal opportunities in the military, many think that society cannot deal with the true severity of what that entails.

Society has a similar perception of women in combat and female convicts, mainly due to concerns about their mental and physical abilities. The instinct to protect women from harm also contributes to this view. Have you personally experienced any instances of bias from lawyers, judges, or other court personnel? Response: No, I have never witnessed or encountered biased behavior from lawyers, judges, or other personnel.

If I am concerned about using individual reports to present evidence of gender bias, I would explore alternative approaches to studying the issue. In such cases, I would focus on addressing bias in general, be it related to race, sex, color, etc. If it is necessary to specifically focus on gender bias, I would utilize personal examples to highlight the topic without implicating others. This approach would enable me to express my opinions and share my research while preventing any harm or discomfort.

Crime And Schizophrenia

It is now recognized that individuals with the particular disorder called schizophrenia are much more likely to be violent and commit a crime than other individuals Of the overall populace. The major problem that is portrayed in the Eleanor and Walters study is how ‘delinquency, violence and hazardousness are connected with one of the disorders schizophrenia’ and how this illness can cause someone to cause a criminal act that will lead them into receiving a criminal charge (Hendricks & Sam, 2012).

Serious mental illness and violence are interconnected, it has been questioned that this association is ‘mediated by a sequence of third variTABLEs’ as stated by Walters. There is a chance that the link between mental illness and violence is intervened by criminal thinking. The problem is that ‘criminal thinking has been a contributor to the mental disordered individual to take action in criminal procedures. Subtopic: The sub-topic believe would be the disorder schizophrenia since my research question is based on mental disorders.

Schizophrenia is a mental crosier and when someone is diagnosed with it is difficult for that individual to determine what is actual and not but they are TABLE to react ‘normally’ in certain situations. It becomes a problem when a crime is committed, the discussion from the article states that ‘this study of crime-related history and statistics in people with schizophrenia shows that selected aspects of illness context and clinical status predict criminal charges” (Eleanor & Walter, 2010). ‘The rate of violent crime have slightly elevated in people with schizophrenia elates to the general population’ (Eleanor & Walter, 2010).

The main findings in this article are ‘the importance of the socio-economic and personal context of serious mental illness as well as symptoms in understanding the occurrence of criminal charges in people with schizophrenia ” because it maybe that; that would cause them to commit a crime. I did not find any problem in the article but I did find an interesting methodology that contributed to my argument is how the environment and social economic can impact their actions towards committing crimes specially those with that type of disorder.

There is indeed a relationship between crime and mental disorders. There is one difference in the literature simply because it is only focusing on specific disorder and how predicTABLE are charges, convictions and violence. If this article was based on many types of disorders or talked about the different types of crimes then it would have been even better the reason why there is a lack of similarity is because again this article only focused on one particular disorder and it spoke more about the symptoms.

CrimeControl In America

There has long been a debate over which, if any, are the most effective methods of crime control. Governments from bottom to top in our nation have poured over the issue with mixed results for as long as there has been a nation. Until very recently deterrence was completely based on fear of punishment. However, recent years have provided us with a more complete understanding of crime and its roots among the more desirable parts of our society, specifically the mind of a criminal. Through the study of psychology, specifically free will, determinism and social identity, we may find that situational crime prevention is a better means to deter crime in our nation. The debate over the proper course for effective crime control can be traced back to the famous treatise “On Crimes and Punishments” written by Cesare Beccaria in 1764. Beccaria’s work implies (rightly so) that potential law violators would be deterred if government agencies could swiftly detect, try and punish anyone who violates the criminal law. This exercise in disciplinary power is noted by Jokiranta; “In order to get hold of the hearts and minds of the members, the community has to get hold of their bodies” (Jokiranta, pg 10), and has been adopted by systems of criminal justice since their beginning with the London Metropolitan Police in 1829. Along with this approach came the stigma that criminals were predominantly born of poverty and misfortune. Since the 1960’s, when criminal justice became the subject of serious academic study, significant debate has continued over the way in which crime control should be approached. Political scientist James Q. Wilson made the persuasive argument that most criminals are not poor unfortunates who commit crime to survive.

. .hes can be utilized inexpensively. In conclusion, we can see that social psychological theories can be used to identify a large part of what constitutes crime in America. Understanding the average criminal mind requires us to understand how a criminal might place themselves in our society. The concepts of determinism and free will may be the preliminary stepping stones to the mind of a criminal. If we begin the psychological analysis of a known criminal with his or her concept of free will and determinism, then determine their self imposed social identity we may discover psychological deterrents to the crime they committed. And by focusing on the understanding and developing of psychological deterrents we can reduce certain types of crime rates with less use of monetary resources than are spent today on the fear deterrent. Works CitedChallenge of Democracy

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