Definition Of Nationalism

Nationalism is loyalty and dedication to one’s country over loyalty to other groups or individual interests. It typically emphasizes collective identity, seeking to link people by language, religion, or cultural background, and advances the notion that countries will benefit from pursuing national rather than international goals. Nationalism is often a motivating force behind countries’ struggle for independence from foreign rule or to stir up revolutionary sentiment against an unpopular government. Nationalism is also a justification for dispersed ethnic and cultural groups to establish a homeland. Examples include the movements to establish homelands for Kurdish or Jewish peoples, or the separatist Basque movements in Spain.