Definition Of Success Essay Example

Clarke Building and Supplies Limited new owner target is to ensure that the company remains a family-run business in the future. The company is facing significant challenges because of its difficulty in tackling its business inventories, the cost of monitoring its activities, and the collections in the company’s construction site because their branches are far wide apart from each other. However, the company has the potential of expansion as the former owner, Frank, had opened a second location that has good demand for good high-quality hardware. The company also has good potential for acquiring good construction and renovation cheaply.

Situation Analysis

The strengths of Clarke Building and Supplies Limited have been built on the different locations of distributions that the company has. This number of locations has facilitated the company to employ over 110 people, which has seen the company get to revenue of CA$12 million in the 2018 financial year. The establishment of the company in Newfoundlands which has a high population has contributed to the company’s increase in its retail sector, establishing its main retail section in the region. The diversification of the company’s location led to the opening in Spring dale location, which the company sold to contractors and renovators, leading to an increase in sales of the hardware material.

The company has opened a secondary location that focuses on the company’s retail operation space. The company has managed to increase revenue by selling home supplies and tools. The company has relied on opening new stores that family members and close friends run to manage the pre-existing businesses. This strategy has left the company with the capacity to have control of the business over those years. The business is taking advantage of the population diversity and increased population of the target areas to access a variety of client bases. The sale of home construction and renovation tools has been imperative to the company’s growth.

The current issues that CBSL is acing are critical to ensure that they have a successful future in business. Having different locations has led to the company experiencing its current setbacks. In addition, the company’s new management comprising of having a new CEO who is not fully conversant of the running of the multiple chains of business and income streams is a critical challenge to the company. This is the most critical issue for the sustainability of Clarke Building and Supplies Limited. The CEO is aware that the company has dominated their target supply area, but there are rumors that national building supply chains have the area in their business intentions. This is a critical threat to the future sustainability of the company. The company’s retail operations are also at significant risk because of the company’s inability to sufficiently monitor the collections of the constructions sector, track their inventory, and monitor their general business operational costs. These challenges are caused by the fact that a new Chief executive officer is not well conversant with the nature of the business operations. Another imperative reason is the spread out of the business locations causing difficulty in the management of the business operations.

The external and internal environments of the business are critical for the sustainability of the business. The owner or manager of the company must have control of internal factors such as business accounts, the clientele base, the employees, and the suppliers (Shatilo, 2020). The external business environment involves the economic and political factors that affect the business the technological and competitive factors that affect the business (Shatilo, 2020). The CBSL owner must ensure control of the internal and business environment through involvement in decision-making and control of the economies of the business.

Decision Criteria

Developing a decision criterion is significant to ensure that the business variables are important to the company and that the decisions are made systematically. A business plan is an important tool for implementing decision criteria (Ciumara, 2010). Regarding CBSL, a business plan would be an effective decision criterion because it would describe the company’s external competitors, the marketing strategies, the manufacturing plans for the construction sector, the description of the markets, financial projections, and a contingency plan which will facilitate the effective running of the business in times of unpredicted times to minimize damage and loss from the potential business threats (Ciumara, 2010). The decision-maker shall ensure they effectively adhere to and implement the company’s decision plan.

Option analysis

CBSL should promote inclusive human resource management that will be essential to address the diversity of the different workplaces. In addition, the incoming CEO should ensure there are interactive communication channels that will promote effective and on-time reports of information. This would include social media channels, text messaging, emails, and live chat. Adoption of modern communication, human resource, and accounts technology would be essential in promoting effective human resource and account management.


The initial step that would be significant in solving the challenge that CBSL is facing is the adoption of contemporary human resource and communication technologies. These would be important to address the challenge of lack of communication among different locations. Communication is significant to address the lack of inclusive human resource management, which is not adequate at CBSL. In addition, the adoption of inclusive human resource strategies would be effective. Dependence on the family to run an entity would not be sufficient as talent and expertise would be essential, which would not be found among the family members. Therefore it is critical to recruit members and train them regarding the pertained work to achieve effective delivery. It is also important to promote staff motivation to promote effective organization productivity and sustainability.

Qualitative risk assessment is important to ensure productivity in the organization. Solving risks related to labor relations, such as conflicts and lack of honesty. Therefore, it is important for the management to devise methods and strategies that identify professionally ethical and reliable employees to promote effective functional responsibilities. If these strategies are implemented, CBSL is expected to have increased returns on all of the locations despite investing heavily in modern human resources and communication technologies.


SWOT analysis

SWOT analysis



Shatilo, O. (2020). The Impact of External and Internal Factors on Strategic Management of Innovation Processes at Company Level. Ekonomika98(2), 85-96.

Deming’s Philosophy On Quality Sample Essay

Quality is an extent to which an object fulfills a specified set of conditions, ISO 9001: 2015. A QMS, quality management system, is put in place to manage, control, and improve quality in an organization. A QMS is a documentation of processes, responsibilities, and procedures to achieve quality objectives and policies and also efficiency continuously. A QMS helps meet the organization’s as well as customer’s requirements by instilling growth and more profit. Dr. Edwards Deming had an interest in quality.

Dr. Edwards Deming was born in 1900 and was a well-educated person having majored in electrical engineering and mathematical physics. He was an author, engineer, professor, and management consultant. He was fascinated by the idea of using statistics to improve quality control. His philosophy on quality stated that those organizations that focused to improve quality would automatically reduce costs whereas those that were determined to reduce costs would instantly reduce quality and as a result increase costs (Bagrova & Kruchinin, 2021). He outlined this in his theory of management known as The Deming Theory of Profound Knowledge. The theory has 14 points which he discussed in detail in his book, ‘out of the crisis.’ Today, these points are accepted as part of the management theory. The Deming theory has four components which are; appreciation of a system which means to understand all procedures involving customers, producers, and suppliers ; knowledge of variation which means to understand the range and what causes variation in quality; epistemology which is concepts of explaining knowledge and to what extent; psychology which is a concept of human nature.

Dr. W. Edwards Deming emphasized embracing relevant principles of management which increased quality and reduced costs. There are standard principles of quality management defined by ISO 9001. Some of these include engagement of people, leadership, customer focus, and improvement. These principles reflect The Deming theory 14 points.

Quality control is the prevention of mistakes and executing processes as outlined in the quality management system. It is about controlling each aspect of quality in the production of goods and services. Quality improvement is a continuous practice that enhances processes concerning management, assurance and control, and the overall quality of products (Koskela et al, 2019). Walter Shewhart built the foundation of PDCA and years later Dr. Deming developed the model to PDCA Cycle. Plan-Do-Check-Act cycle is a technique to continuously improving products and processes.

Quality improvement can be seen by using tools such as the PDCA cycle. It is a four-stage method that enables the avoidance of recurring mistakes and improvement of processes. The four stages are plan, Do, Check and Act. The planning stage involves planning what needs to be done. After planning comes taking action by implementing what has been said in the plan that the team created. The check phase is the most important stage in the cycle (Chaturvedi, 2020). For the plan to work and avoid mistakes and allow for continuous improvement, audit the plan’s execution to identify any problem and rectify it. The last stage is the Act Phase where you act by application of the initial plan if goals were met. The PDCA Cycle can have a positive impact on efficiency and productivity.

By the 1950s, Dr. Deming’s work and philosophy had received international recognition. In Japan, a group of businessmen invited him to teach them about his methods. These methods would reduce expenses, increase productivity & market share. As result, Japanese manufacturing became worldly known for high-quality output and dominated the automotive industry. In 1960, Deming was awarded a medal by the Japanese Emperor. He became a consultant to the government and business leaders. In 1981, he went to work for Ford Motor Company which had incurred a huge debt. After they implemented his principles, Ford improved and increased its profits and earnings. In 1951, the Japanese Union of Scientists and Engineers (JUSE) founded the Deming Prize to merit him (Adawiyah et al,2020). Today, winning this prize marks a company for having a high level of commitment in ensuring quality. The application procedure for this prize is long and requires years of preparation. Other achievements include the development of the sampling technique which was used in the 1940’s census, therefore, forming the Deming-Stephan algorithm. Deming emphasized leadership in his theory. The role of the management is that leaders not only measure results but inspire and guide their team to success. The management’s role is to provide leadership (Jalnasow, 2019). Leadership is having a vision and communicating this vision to your team in achieving the same goals and objectives. Failure to plan for the future by the management leads to the loss of jobs. Therefore they must come up with innovative plans to keep the business afloat and provide more jobs.

Dr. Deming died in 1993. He revolutionized the manufacturing industry by stating that you should see manufacturing as a process. To this day, Dr. Deming’s principles and methods are being implemented in organizations and businesses to maximize the quality of products. He is known as a hero of quality or the ‘Father of Quality Evolution.’ He indeed contributed to the success of businesses today by his ideas on quality.


Adawiyah, W. R., Pramuka, B. A., & Sholikhah, Z. (2020). Deming’s Quality Management Practices by Small Businesses in Rural Areas. In SHS Web of Conferences (Vol. 86, p. 01030). EDP Sciences.

Bagrova, E., & Kruchinin, S. (2021). Deming’s 14 points in modern higher education. In SHS Web of Conferences (Vol. 94). EDP Sciences.

Chaturvedi, J. (2020). Emerging Organizations Follow Dr. Deming’s Philosophy.

Jalnasow, D. (2019). The introduction of system approach in quality management in XX Century. Предприемачество, 7(2), 193-204.

Koskela, L., Tezel, A., & Patel, V. (2019). Theory of quality management: Its origins and history.

ISO 9001 Principles

Depression In Older Transgender Women Sample Paper

Literature Review

According to Hoy Ellis and Fredriksen-Goldsen (2017), depression is the most significant chronic mental condition among the older American population. Similarly, depression continues to increase among the aging adult population, considering that the older adult population is expanding rapidly. It is projected that this chronic mental health condition will become the second major cause of disease burden within the more aging adult population globally by around 2030 (Hoy-Ellis and Fredriksen-Goldsen, 2017). Generally, the minority groups in any setting tend to experience higher rates of depression. This is true in older transgender women. Older transgender women are fundamentally a minority group in almost all geographical and demographic settings (Chakrapani et al., 2017). While the lifetime rate of depression among the general American population stands at approximately 16.5 percent, the depression rate in older transgender women is overwhelming, at about 62 percent (Bazargan and Galvan, 2012).

Therefore, the issue of depression in older transgender women is very critical and has drawn the attention of many organizations and researchers who have tried to mitigate this situation through intensive research and the implementation of different mechanisms such as counseling. Numerous research studies have published much valuable information regarding the state of the problem, causes, effects, types of depression, and specific interventions. In this line, the central aim of this research is to review a handful of the recently published peer-reviewed research and provide a piece of succinct general information regarding the issue at hand.

Background: Definition and Statistics

Nuttbrock et al. (2014) define transgender as simply referring to people who do not align or adhere to the traditional and cultural definitions of sex or gender. In the context of the essay at hand, transgender is used to referring to women with a variety of identities generally; thus, transsexual women or the women who have at some point in their lives interfered with their genitals, in the perspective of changing their gender to fit the gender they chose. According to Hoy-Ellis and Fredriksen-Goldsen (2017), transgender people often use makeup, clothing, hairstyles, hormones, and surgery to express their order. Therefore, they can easily be identified from the rest of the people. This forms the basis of understanding the issue of depression among this group of people.

Data from the US Transgender Survey (2015) indicate more serious suicidal attempts, suicidal ideation, and depression among older transgender women. It is estimated that the rate of depression among older transgender women is higher than 62 percent (US Transgender Survey, 2015). This is an overwhelmingly higher value, especially when compared to the depression rates in the general population, which is estimated to be approximately 16 percent. (Hoy-Ellis and Fredriksen-Goldsen, 2017). Therefore, after reviewing these heart-breaking statistical figures, one is fundamentally set to ask themselves why older transgender women experience the high rates of depression in their lifetime.

Factors that Lead to Depression in Older Transgender Women

According to Chumakov et al. (2021), a research study conducted in Russia, there are numerous interpersonal and intrapersonal; variables that are thought to affect depression in older transgender women. Firstly, stigma is the primary factor leading to depression among older transgender women. Stigmatization is associated with depression among almost all minority groups in any social or demographic setting. However, the study by Bazargan and Galvan (2012) directly links stigma to the higher levels of depression among the transgender women population. On the other hand, Hoy Ellis and Fredriksen-Goldsen (2017) seek to establish an elaborate definition of the causes of depression in older transgender based on the different “stressors,” as the study generally refers to these aspects. Even in the perspective of stressors, stigma opens the list as one of the major causes of depression among older transgender women. Similarly, another study on depression among the transgender population in India also points out stigma stressors as one of the significant causes of depression in this population (Chakrapani et al., 2017).

The stigma and other forms of discrimination are usually associated with numerous adverse health outcomes in older transgender women; according to (Chakrapani et al. (2017), the overall poor mental health in the transgender women population is linked to social stigmas. Similarly, Yousof et al. (2021) associate the higher rates of stigma to the prevalence of sexually transmitted infections, including HIV & AIDS, as well as drug and substance abuse among this same population. The psychological torture associated with societal stigma and discrimination (including from family and friends) adversely affects these individuals’ mental health, leading to chronic mental illnesses such as anxiety and depression (Kota et al., 2020). Stigma accounts for the majority of the cases of depression among older transgender women (Hoy Ellis and Fredriksen-Goldsen, 2017).

The prevalent cause of mental health inequalities (including depression) among minority populations globally is stigma, its constituent components, and consequences. The minority stress model explains how external and internal minority stress processes (such as stigma) interact with other minority statuses (such as gender) to influence mental health outcomes in sexual and gender minorities (Kota et al., 2020). While external minority stressors (such as discrimination and persecution) can affect anyone who is “considered” to be a member of a minority group, only individuals who self-identify as a member of that group are exposed to internal minority stress (Hoy Ellis and Fredriksen-Goldsen, 2017). Long-term concealment of minority identity, including gender identity, and internalization of stigma attached to given minority status, including transgender, are the most internal minority stressors (Chakrapani et al., 2017).

Violence toward the transgender population is prevalent worldwide. While stigma could be classified as a form of violence, it needs to be discussed separately as stigma and discrimination are significant issues when discussing any minority group. Therefore, while it may be classified as verbal harassment and violence against these groups, it is a major issue that needs more attention. According to Bazargan and Galvan (2012), the probability of a transgender woman experiencing violence is approximately three times more compared to that of the rest of the people. The mental torture that results from these forms of violence is enormous. Firstly, violence against transgender women damages the sense of self-worth and being of these women, therefore ultimately lowering their self-awareness self-confidence and thus increasing their vulnerability to chronic mental conditions such as depression and anxiety (Chumakov et al., 2021). A study conducted by Nuttbroak et al. (2014) found a very elaborate association between physical and verbal abuse with increased rates of depression among transgender women in the United States.

Therefore, another major factor leading to depression among older transgender women is physical and verbal abuse. According to Nuttbrock et al. (2017), physical violence against low-income transgender women increases suicidal attempts and ideation. Similarly, the study indicates that the relationship between the transgender women and the perpetrator of the physical and verbal violence highly determines the impact of the action on the victim’s mental health. While any form of physical and verbal abuse from any person is associated with increased risks of depression among transgender women, that from family, peers and spouses have a relatively higher negative impact than that from strangers and colleagues (Nuttbrock et al. 2014). Sexual violence also has a similar trend as physical and verbal abuse, with the perpetrator of the act influencing the extent of the action’s negative effect on the victim’s mental health (Hoy Ellis and Fredriksen-Goldsen, 2017).

Additionally, social support is critical in determining a person’s mental well-being. It encompasses family and peers support (Nuttbroak et al., 2014). Family support is often key to the mental stability and well-being of people. Similarly, peer support or support from friends and colleagues is usually crucial in mental health. While lack of social support is a factor that causes chronic mental illnesses such as depression in the transgender population of all ages, older transgender women are highly susceptible to depression due to the lack of family and peer support (Tantirattanakulchai and Hounnaklang, 2022). Often, transgender women experience deprivation of mental family and peer support from a young age when they open up to family and friends. However, as they age, they encounter many other circumstances that need social support, especially family support. Since family rarely accepts them even as they age, the flashbacks of their “family moments” often haunt and torment them. The rejection by family and peers makes most older transgender women vulnerable to depression since with increased age comes increased need and desire for family and family support (Chumakov et al., 2021). Most transgender women also open up later in life during old ages, thus increasing their vulnerability to depression from family and peer rejection pressures (Hoy Ellis and Fredriksen-Goldsen, 2017).

Nevertheless, there is an identity crisis regarding gender identity among older transgender women in society (Nuttbrock et al., 2014). Having a solid gender identity is an essential aspect of mental health. Therefore, the “trans” gender identities that often last for several years are often detrimental to the mental health of older women. Chomakov et al. (2021) elucidate that the crossing or transition of gender often takes place over a considerable period that usually lasts into the “older” segment of the subjects’ lives. The transitioning process is also affected by social and economic aspects, which often suffer conflict along the way, thus altering the presentation of the desired identity. As per Hoy Ellis and Fredriksen-Goldsen (2017), the fear associated with this span of identity crisis during the transition is associated with increased risks of anxiety, depression, and other chronic mental conditions among transgender populations, especially adult transgender women.

Significant Factors that Helps in Mitigating Depression among Older Transgender Women

Since studying the problem and the major causes is never the ultimate objective of the research, Yousuf et al. (2021) sought to provide insight into how the prevailing depression rates in older transgender women can be mitigated and prevented. While there are several factors such as the provision of social support education among others that can serve as interventions in the situation at hand, the issue of acceptance remains core in ensuring reduced risks of depression and depression rates among transgender women, including those suffering from sexually transmitted infections such as HIV and AIDS (Yousuf et al., 2021).

Both self-acceptance and acceptance by society are associated with decreased levels of depression among transgender women. Just as with all other minorities, self-awareness and acceptance is core in leading every day and happy lives. Self-acceptance originates from education, awareness, and approval by the community. As elucidated by Yousuf et al. (2021), one must realize where one feels that their body is perfectly matched with their new gender and are proud of this state to set a ground for mitigating risks of depression. In order to achieve this, societal acceptance is often necessary. A transgender surrounded by highly supportive and loving individuals has a remarkably increased self-acceptance and reduced depression, among other chronic mental conditions (Yousuf et al., 2021).


To conclude, the eight scholarly sources reviewed by this paper elucidate a relatively higher rate of depression among older transgender women than any other group of minorities and the general population. The primary cause of this situation is the high rates of stigma, discrimination, and the lack of social support from family and friends, especially during the challenging and complex transitioning process (Kota et al., 2020). Therefore, self-acceptance needs to be enhanced, primarily through societal acceptance and social support, to ensure reduced rates of depression among the population in context.

Existing Information Gap

Though numerous research studies have been conducted regarding the topic at hand, it is evident that there is still a significant piece of information that has not been provided by almost all the studies currently published. Future studies need to focus on the clinical depression experienced during the complex transition process. The process of gender transitioning is very complex and challenging, especially when the subject is an older woman. Therefore, understanding the rate of clinical depression during this process is imperative in ensuring that appropriate intimations are put in place to reduce this depression rate and increase the efficiency and success of clinical transitioning processes among older transgender women.


Bazargan, M., & Galvan, F. (2012). Perceived discrimination and depression among low-income Latina male-to-female transgender women. BMC public health12(1), 1-8.

Chakrapani, V., Vijin, P. P., Logie, C. H., Newman, P. A., Shunmugam, M., Sivasubramanian, M., & Samuel, M. (2017). Understanding how sexual and gender minority stigmas influence depression among older transgender women and men who have sex with men in India. LGBT health4(3), 217-226.

Chumakov, E. M., Ashenbrenner, Y. V., Petrova, N. N., Zastrozhin, M. S., Azarova, L. A., & Limankin, O. V. (2021). Anxiety and Depression among Transgender People: Findings from a Cross-Sectional Online Survey in Russia. LGBT health8(6), 412–419.

Hoy-Ellis, C. P., & Fredriksen-Goldsen, K. I. (2017). Depression among Transgender Older Adults: General and Minority Stress. American journal of community psychology59(3-4), 295–305.

Kota, K. K., Salazar, L. F., Culbreth, R. E., Crosby, R. A., & Jones, J. (2020). Psychosocial mediators of perceived stigma and suicidal ideation among transgender women. BMC public health20(1), 1-10.

Nuttbrock, L., Bockting, W., Rosenblum, A., Hwahng, S., Mason, M., Macri, M., & Becker, J. (2014). Gender abuse and major depression among transgender women: a prospective study of vulnerability and resilience. American journal of public health104(11), 2191-2198.

Tantirattanakulchai, P., & Hounnaklang, N. (2022). Associations between clusters of perceived social support level, depression, and suicidal ideation among transgender women: a latent class analysis. Journal of public health research.

Yousuf, T., Naz, M., Roberson, C. B., Wise, S. M., & Rowland, D. L. (2021). Depression as a Function of Social Support in Transgender and Cisgender Individuals with Sexually Transmitted Diseases. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health18(5), 2462.

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