Demand And Supply Essay Example

INTRODUCTION In this assessment report I’m going to uses demands and supply principles to analyses the fruit and vegetable price soured that was caused by the floods. The heavy rainfall and flooding began to threaten Queensland in the early 2011, cyclone called Ways made the fooling even more badly in north Queensland coast. This heavy rain caused huge direct and indirect economic lost in Queensland. The economic impacts of the cyclone Ways and flood to the agriculture sector were estimated to be a $1. 6 billion loss including crop damage, delays or disruptions of arrives and transport delays (Queensland floods: the economic impacts, 2011).

In the first quarter of 2011, the price of fruit went up 14. 5% on average, including banana’s price had been doubled. At the same time, vegetable price increased 16% because of the damages to the crops (Australian Bureau of statistics, 2011). DEMAND AND SUPPLY Demand and supply are the forces of the market economy. It determines the quantity of each product and its price (Manama, 2006). There are two groups of people that are involved in the competitive market activities, those people are buyers and sellers. In the case of Queensland fruits and vegetables market, many sells and buyers were involved in the market.

In this market the fruits and vegetables are not the same prices, but the buyers will around and compare each sellers price in order to get a good price. Therefore the sellers have limited control on their product’s price, if their price is too expensive, fear buyers are willing to pay for product. SSL Original supply curve IQ Price ($) Quantity of demand for fruits and vegetable MARKET SUPPLY FOR FRUITS AND VEGETABLES The supply and demand together are what determines the price and quantity f the goods sold, There are several factors that affect the quantity of supply. We have the price, the input price, technology and expectation.

In the case of Queensland fruit and vegetable market supply, the supply was reduced because of the floods. The cyclone Ways and flood event in Queensland shifted the supply curve to the right. 14% of the fruit and vegetable supply in Queensland came from the flood affected areas (Queensland floods 2012). The harvests of vegetable like pumpkins, avocados, tomatoes, lettuce, capsicum, zucchini, broccoli and celery and tropical fruit such as watermelons, grapes and bananas ere damaged. It is estimated that in 2010-2011, the decline of supply was 10%, which was accounted a loss of $561 million (Stone, 2011).

Therefore, the flood has greatly reduced the quantity of fruit and vegetable supply, which has shifted the supply curve from SSL to SO. The price of fruits and vegetables was doubled in Brisbane Market (MacDonald and Williams, 2011). The market price moved from Pl to UP as shown on supply curve above. Q 24 c Quantity for fruits and vegetables demanded MARKET DEMANDS FOR FRUITS AND VEGETABLES As started by Manama (2006), the product price, income of the individual, price of he related good and individual tastes and expectation determine the quantity of product that is demanded by the individual. The market demand is the SSL.

Jam of all the individual demand. As the price of the goods varies, the quantity of demand will varies. In case of Queensland flood and cyclone Ways, After fall in market demands for fruits and vegetables , Consumers were able to afford fewer fruits and vegetables . This caused a huge shift to the left in demand market curve for fruits and vegetables, The consumers were forced to switched their choice of ruts and vegetable to make changes on their diets due to the rose of fruits and vegetables prices which shifted demand curve from Del to DO and price rose form P Tit UP as shown on market demand curve above (Militia, 2011).

MARKET DEMAND FOR BANANAS Price of bananas ($ per keg) 12 36 2 3 4 Quantity of bananas demanded per keg In this diagram above, we have demand curve for bananas. A demand curve measures the quantity of goods or service demanded by consumers in relation to changes in the price of that good or service ,every individual will have their own unique emend curve for each goods or services as consumers have unique tasters and other different Slogan, Norris & Garrett ( 2010). In 201 1 cyclone ways destroyed worth of bananas in Queensland and dramatically reduced the supply of bananas throughout Australia (Australian Bureau of Statistics 2011). Et use the price of the bananas as an example of Queensland flood and cyclone. At every given price the consumers were able to afford more bananas . The market demand curve for bananas, After the flood and cyclone Ways , there were huge movement along the curve for the market demand of bananas, resulting in prices hat were more than double the usual price, Demand curve for bananas moved from A to B . At the price of $8, consumers were able to afford egg for bananas, after demand curve moved to point B, the consumers were able to afford egg for $36.

Ethical Issues In Organizational Behavior Theory

There is no one way in defining what ethics is. According to American Heritage Online Dictionary, ethics is the code of moral principles and values that governs the behaviors of a person or group with respect to what is right or wrong. Ethical behavior is something that every person will experience on the job at one point or another, but do we know how to handle the situation when we see it or once we are involved?

Ethical issues are problems or dilemmas involving moral compromise, and they can arise anywhere. Employees are constantly being in a position where they must do what is right for the sake of the company, and this means keeping their mouths shut or risk losing their job. Many employees see unethical behavior, but they choose to turn the other cheek and not get involved. Why is this? I understand that the world is in a recession and it is difficult in finding a job, but where does it say that one must give up their integrity to keep their job?

According an article by Marvin Brown, he wrote a publication Ethics in Organizations and said, “When talking about ethics in organizations, one has to be aware that there are two ways of approaching the subject–the “individualistic approach” and what might be called the “communal approach. ” Each approach incorporates a different view of moral responsibility and a different view of the kinds of ethical principles that should be used to resolve ethical problems (Brown, 1989). The individualistic approach simply states that every person is morally responsible for his or her actions in an organization, and the communal approach states that upper-level management and directors are partially responsible for their employees’ actions. This is why I think discussing ethics in an organization is often a dialogue topic or sometimes debatable topic; every person is going to see it differently. Ethics is always about making decisions, and some issues are difficult to resolve.

If we remember what happen in the late sass with World came crashing down due to conspiracy and securities fraud charges, and Martha Stewart and her ex-broker, Peter Biconcave, which they each faced up to five years in prison and $250,000 in fines for each count Draft, 2008). It pays to do right. I don’t think organizations can rely on codes of conduct and ethical structures to prevent all ethical behavior, and when an employee sees or hears something that doesn’t follow an organization code of conduct; he or she becomes a whistle-blower.

Draft noted that, “Whistle-blowers often report wrongdoing to outsiders such as agencies”, but is whistle-blowers protected? An ethical misstep can cost a company its reputation and hurt its profitability and performance, so that is why it is important for an ethical behavior is important. In our textbook, it talked about the role expectations of an individual based on their personality, values, moral principles, history of reinforcement and gender. People who think of themselves as being moral individuals tend to take stronger ethical stands (Kinetic & Grittier, 2009).

I agree with this statement. If an employee or manager is trying to look good to directors, then their behavior will be unethical. Unethical behavior is more frequent in large organizations (Kinetic & Grittier, 2009). I am not sure how true that is because “Ethics must be lived, not just talked about. (Kinetic & Grittier, 2009). Unethical behavior can happen in large or small organizations; it is not one-sided. Often persuasion can be another influence that leads to unethical behavior. What is influence? The person that has the power to sway another person from doing what is right is influence.

A lot of companies now have Ethics and Compliance forms that every employee must sign explaining the do’s and don’t of the organization. As previously stated, ethical behavior must be lived and not just taught. My mother always said, “Good you do, good you receive, ad you do, bad you receive. ” Every person must remember that everything you do in the dark will eventually come out in the light, and it will not look pretty on you or the organization. Employees are easily influenced in organizations. They want to “look good” for corporate office.

They want to move up the ladder such as promoted to manager level or some other higher position, and if they will do whatever it takes to get there. Influence can even be between two employees exchanging information, which can be sold to outside people or other organizations for gifts. Too bad employees do not realize that is not the way to do it. Hard work and perseverance is how you get noticed by corporate office, and if your hard work become unnoticed, then he or she should speak to their manager about a performance review.

Most likely, if a manager or organization sees a good, hardworking employee that is thinking about leaving the company due to salary increase, the organization will reconsider for fear of not having to lose that employee. My article that I was looking at is the congressional leaders, the Democrats and Republicans coming to an agreement to avert federal overspent shutdown. I honestly did not agree with the shutdown. First, you have military men and women out there risking their lives fighting and getting blown up, and they would not get paid. Are you serious?

Thousands of federal employees would not get paid for paid leave. A decision was decided, but I read that that Republicans demanded to have changes made to family-planning program for low-income women. They talked about cutting back on spending, but what about if they cut back on their benefits because they are getting paid a lot more than the middle-class people. Our entire political system is not working on either side. It’s all about money, greed, special interests, party political agendas, and nothing being done except “blustering” on both sides.

We need a whole new system, and get rid of all the parties. Campaigns should all have the exact same amount of money for their political platform. No money from maneuvered else, personal or otherwise. The elections are not for everyone when you have to have a war chest of millions and billions of dollars. Make the playing field level for all, and get rid of the Electoral College, it’s outdated for today. Employees will often be faced with ethical decision-making and one must live to do what is right.

Some people within organizations will conduct unethical behavior, which can bring productivity crashing, and this can cause an organization to go out of business. An organization and employees words and actions must be congruent with one another, and must value their character more than their profit, or they will have neither.

Postcolonial Egypt Research Paper

European mischievousness was typified by the Egyptian exhibition in Paris for Barnum ’ s All World Show in the 2nd half of the 19th century. The show itself was a immense show built to mime antique Egypt architecture, designed down to minuscule item such as soil purposeful rubbed into pigment to do the show expression old. Peoples could come to the All World show to see the show and experience that they were larning about other civilizations and peoples. Simultaneously people could experience good about beef uping their mind and their brave wonder refering other civilizations while reenforcing racialist stereotypes about non-Western civilization. This wonder and mind were the justifications Europeans used to explicate their relationship to Egypt. This regard was thought to assist Europeans cognize Egyptians and other Middle Eastern people, and eventually, that without these types of interactions, Europeans would ne’er cognize and ne’er be able to rule the Orient.

Mitchell ’ s response to the European regard and its justification is that there are grounds beneath the espoused, public grounds. Through the European regard, Europeans could see others without seeing themselves, a places of true power. They were able to take themselves from the universe while still interacting with it through the ‘ gaze ’ , because they were able to vanish non merely

European civilization but the quandary and world of Orient civilization as good.

The rebuilding of Cairo and other Middle Eastern metropoliss became about the creative activity of a map and a program that could be read and understood by European settlers. Previous to its rebuilding, the deficiency of street marks, house Numberss or any obvious forms to the street made it impossible for Western people to understand the regulations for voyaging through the metropolis. The exhibition, which was wholly planned, yet retained the elements of Egyptian architecture that Europeans were interested in, was a forecaster of the ways in which Cairo itself would be rebuilt.

Foucault ’ s analysis is really utile in analyzing the relationship between Europe and the Middle East. Foucault believed in the power of surveillance. My basic apprehension of this analysis is that surveillence is a power the privileged clasp over the laden. Those in power create systems that give them the ability to watch closely without being watched closely in bend. Those being watched know it ; the psychic consequence of ever being seen without the ability to see back has a immense impact on them and reinforces the power of the opinion category. For Europeans, Egypt was decidedly a topographic point to come and gaze. When Europeans left their place infinite and traveled to Egypt, or the Middle East in general, this phemenonon took topographic point. Europeans framed their civilization as progressive/forward, and looked into Egyptian civilization for marks of backwardness/antiquity. The settlers themselves knew to widen roads and extinguish their turns and bends, name all of the streets and figure the houses and abodes. All of these actions moved the life of Egyptians into infinites more easy monitored by Europeans settlers. Egyptians knew about this monitoring and, as Foucault predicted, it had a major psychic impact on their sense of ego and society.

Europeans in Egypt wanted to derive control over the agricultural wealth of the Nile vale. In order for them to carry through this, they had to derive control over its production. As swayers of a colonist authorities, they introduced a system of agricultural so to a great extent regulated that no facet of farm production was outside their appreciation. Very, really specific occupation descriptions were written for occupations at every measure of the production procedure. Everybody was besides checked on, at least one time a twenty-four hours. This portion of the procedure falls under Foucault ’ s construct of surveillance and its function in the relationship between oppressor and oppressed. Europeans rationalized their control by claiming it replaced system of penalty with a system of continual support.

Bourdieu ’ s conversation about the Kabyle house reveals the difference between 19th century conceptualisations of infinite and twentieth century Algerian constructs. In 19th century European understands of infinite, plans, functionality, and show of category position were the three finding factors behind the building of place. Egyptian and Algerian places were analyzed through this model. Bourdieu ’ s analysis of a Algerian place reveals how uneffective and wrongheaded it is to coerce a authoritative Western analysis on Middle Eastern infinite. In a Kabyle house, things are kept in topographic points via a system of associations and resistances. These are NOT symbolic NOR functional. Everything within the house is polarized into systems of antonyms. This order is non Western and should non be defined as such — it is better to read the infinite as a equilibrating infinite, concerned and attentive to the universe ’ s birthrate.

Cairo was transformed enormously to enable Europeans to set up subject over the metropolis. As I mentioned above, the streets were widened and houses and concerns were given Numberss. Due to these alterations, any individual could happen any topographic point they desired. In Cairo before, merely people familiar with a infinite could voyage within that infinite. This alteration majorly affected the experience of life within Cairo.

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