Developing Metacognition In Students Essay Sample For College

The primary purpose of all levels of education is to prepare students for their future personal and professional lives and become contributing members of society. It is achieved both through the transference of knowledge and the development of various skills and competencies. One such skill is metacognition, which can be broadly defined as understanding and knowledge of one’s cognition. This paper addresses the importance and advantages of developing metacognition in K-12 and higher education students.

Metacognition is an essential skill for students in any stage of education. The concept of metacognition traditionally encompasses two components: metacognitive knowledge and metacognitive awareness (Wirzal et al., 2022). These components are related to different aspects of understanding the thinking and its integration into practice. Metacognitive knowledge concerns information gathered from interaction with the environment, including declarative, conditional, and procedural knowledge (Wirzal et al., 2022). Meanwhile, metacognitive awareness refers to knowledge control, motivation, and the ability to reflect on the thinking process and one’s approach to it (Bessy & Knouse, 2020; Wirzal et al., 2022). Overall, this component refers to individuals being aware of how they think and implementing different strategies for distinct tasks, including planning, information management, monitoring, and evaluating the methods employed. It is imperative that teachers help students develop both metacognitive knowledge and awareness in order for them to learn how to learn as well as be able to apply metacognition in other areas of their lives.

Effective teachers working in the K-12 system and tertiary education can implement several approaches to foster the development of metacognition in students. According to McGuire (2021), metacognitive learning strategies can be effortlessly introduced and taught to students regardless of their learning level resulting in significant advancements in their academic performance. Without introducing metacognitive strategies and teaching students how to learn, they may stick to learning strategies that may not be efficient. The introduction to metacognition and the use of metacognitive strategies can be given at any stage of education and begin with simple activities that are seamlessly incorporated into the classroom (McGuire, 2021). Specifically, when assigning tasks and assessing results, teachers should include such steps as evaluating the pupils’ metacognitive processes and teaching them to actively use metacognitive strategies. For example, teachers can ask students to describe the steps in completing a task and the rationale behind them, share their thinking, and facilitate discussions about their reasoning (Ozturk, 2020). Overall, verbalization and discussion of the process of solving a problem enable the development of metacognition and draw their attention to the existence of different metacognitive strategies.

Facilitating self-assessment in students helps them develop metacognition and achieve better academic outcomes. As the evaluation of one’s own actions, metacognitive self-assessment allows students to reflect on their performance, determine what strategies were efficient, and how to improve further. Ozturk (2020) notes that self-assessment helps students develop and master independence in strategic planning and gain confidence. Furthermore, self-evaluation allows students to test their decision-making ability and behavior, as well as develop control over their thinking and cognitive operations (Ozturk, 2020). For example, after homework discussion, teachers can ask students about their preparation, perception of the assignments before and after completion, utilized strategies, and emotional experiences when completing the task to facilitate self-assessment (Escobar, 2021). Thus, teachers can seamlessly incorporate self-assessment into their classrooms and enhance students’ metacognition ability.

Furthermore, the development of self-regulation in students contributes to enhancing metacognition as a skill. According to Escobar (2021), self-regulation is an active and constructive process that allows students to understand and control their behaviors and can help improve metacognition. Meanwhile, Eggers et al. (2021) consider metacognition a distinct self-regulating strategy. Teachers can facilitate the development of self-regulation and metacognition by asking students to set short-term and long-term goals, monitoring their progress, and encouraging them to make adjustments if needed. Additionally, effective teachers should introduce students to different experiences that help support their self-monitoring (Escobar, 2021). Overall, self-regulation contributes to the development of metacognition as to enact, manage, and modify different learning strategies students are forced to think about their way of thinking and approaches to learning.

In summary, metacognition, as a process of thinking about one’s cognition, is a highly valuable skill that teachers should strive to develop in their students regardless of the stage of education. Effective teachers can introduce reflection, self-assessment, and self-regulation activities into the classroom in order to compel students to think about their thinking, learning strategies, and approaches to different tasks. Reflection on the steps taken during the task allows students to identify and define the mental actions dominant in their strategy to acquiring knowledge and understanding of the world. Meanwhile, by asking students to evaluate their performances, teachers promote awareness of efficient and inadequate strategies and behaviors, highlighting the importance of forming control over one’s cognitive operations. Incorporating self-regulation practices under teachers’ direction and supervision further supports the development of metacognition by fostering control over their thinking. Overall, teachers can utilize various practices and exercises to cultivate metacognition in students.

References

Bessy, M., & Knouse, S. (2020). Metacognition, metalinguistic awareness, and relevance in language learning: A report on an intervention module project. International Journal for the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning, 14(2), 1–10. Web.

Eggers, J. H., Oostdam, R., & Voogt, J. (2021). Self-regulation strategies in blended learning environments in higher education: A systematic review. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 175–192. Web.

Escobar, A. C. (2021). Enhancing self-regulation and metacognition in online learning. Education in Childhood, 1–14. Web.

McGuire, S. Y. (2021). Close the metacognitive equity gap: Teach all students how to learn. Journal of College Academic Support Programs, 4(1), 69–72. Web.

Ozturk, N. (2020). The instrument of teaching metacognition in reading classrooms: The ITMR. International Journal of Assessment Tools in Education, 7(3), 305–322. Web.

Wirzal, M. D., Halim, N. S., Md Nordin, N. A., & Bustam, M. A. (2022). Metacognition in science learning: Bibliometric analysis of last two decades. Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: e-Saintika, 6(1), 43–60. Web.

The Business Analysis Of Terex Company

Introduction

Terex may have an operational failure if the new electronic system functions as anticipated, and inventory cannot be tracked. Terex could encounter a functional failure if the new electronic system does not perform as expected. For instance, if the system cannot effectively track inventories, this could result in delivery delays or even inaccurate customer orders. Consequently, this would result in delays in preparing units for shipment, which could ultimately lead to lost customers and income. Additionally, if the system is user-friendly, it could result in employee satisfaction and higher productivity. In addition, Terex could encounter an operational failure if the new electronic system does not perform as expected. This is because the corporation would be unable to track its inventory, resulting in delivery delays and a loss of client confidence.

Discussion

Terex could encounter a failure in operations if its personnel are not adequately trained on how to use the new system and cannot function as efficiently. Terex relies on its personnel to correctly utilize and maintain its equipment; hence, a lack of sufficient training for its staff could result in the company’s operations failure. If the team is adequately trained, they may be able to utilize the equipment correctly, which could result in accidents or property damage. In addition, if personnel are not sufficiently instructed on how to maintain the equipment, it may break down more frequently, resulting in even more operational failures. The organization may have operational difficulties and delays if personnel need to be adequately instructed on how to use the new electronic system. Untrained employees may have difficulty communicating with other employees and customers as they are unfamiliar with the company’s culture and values. This can lead to misunderstandings and conflict, damaging the company’s reputation.

Terex Corporation could consider using an electronic tracking and digital inventory control system to reduce labor expenses. This strategy would require a significant amount of time each month to conduct physical inventory, but it could help the company keep track of its inventory levels, orders, and shipments. It can also help to streamline the company’s operations and improve its customer service. By tracking its inventory levels, the company can ensure that it has the right products in stock. This can help to avoid costly stockouts and backorders. In addition, by tracking orders and shipments, the company can identify any issues with its supply chain and address them quickly. The company can also improve its efficiency and bottom line by streamlining its operations.

The electronic tracking and digital inventory control system help the company to reduce its environmental impact. This system helps the company to reduce the amount of paper and packaging material used in its operations. This system also helps the company recycle and reuse its products and packaging materials. The electronic tracking and digital inventory control system help the company reach the target group more effectively and sell its products and services more efficiently, thus increasing sales and improving its profitability.

Terex Corporation would tremendously benefit from an MRP inventory control system. With such a system in place, the corporation would be able to track its inventory in real-time and identify products in its transfer center with much more ease. In addition, an MRP system would allow for more accurate forecasting of client demand, resulting in enhanced production planning and cost savings. In this instance, an MRP inventory control system would be advantageous for Terex Corporation. Utilizing an electronic system to track and manage their inventory would allow the business to save time and money.

In this instance, Terex Corporation should utilize an MRP inventory control system for its manufacturing plants. This method would assist the organization in keeping track of its inventory and increasing purchase orders. Terex Corporation would benefit from an MRP inventory control system for several reasons. The system would assist the organization in monitoring inventory levels. This would let the corporation know when to order extra supplies, preventing stockouts. The method would aid in reducing the time required to conduct a physical invent

The MRP Inventory Control System is also responsible for generating reports

that help the company to make decisions about its inventory. It provides information about the current inventory levels, historical trends, customer demand, and forecasts for the future. The company uses this information to determine the right inventory levels for the future.

Internal environmental analysis is a strategic management technique that enables firms to assess their strengths and weaknesses and identify any internal opportunities or threats that could affect the business. This type of study can be performed using various techniques, such as SWOT analysis, business model analysis, and financial statement analysis.

SWOT analysis is one of the most prominent methods of internal environment analysis. This strategy evaluates a company’s strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats (Omer, 2019, p, 57). The SWOT analysis is a useful tool for corporations developing strategic plans. It can assist them in discovering areas where they may have a competitive advantage and may be susceptible (Omer, 2019, p, 59). Utilizing the company’s operations helps in determining its strengths and weaknesses. The company’s capabilities allow it to capitalize on existing possibilities. The firm’s weaknesses represent the threats it confronts. For instance, the firm faces competition from other businesses (Omer, 2019, p, 60-61). Hence, the SWOT analysis helps the firm to identify areas where it perfectly performs and areas it needs improvement

The internal determinants of a company’s operations are regarded as control factors because either the company can adjust the physical facilities or the individuals involved (Sushmita, 2019). Internal variables may include the resources that allow the company to operate efficiently. The firm’s resources may comprise its financial, technological, managerial, or conceptual assets (Sushmita, 2019). Incorporating internal elements facilitates the production of high-quality outputs by managing and determining the supply chain channels and input variables.

An example of a SWOT analysis might be a South African marketing firm. The family-owned and operated firm is situated in a small town, which enables it to develop ties with its customers. The company also provides consumers with various marketing services, including consultancy and design. The company has several weaknesses, including the fact that it is too small to have the purchasing power of large corporations. The business cannot attract new clients because of its placement within the city. The business’s strengths include establishing an online presence, enabling it to reach a large audience. To explore opportunities to attract the company owner intends to expand the company to other cities. Even after expansion, the company will face threats such as competition from larger firms. Moreover, if consumers alter their preferences, the business could be impacted by shifting consumer preferences. Therefore, this may result in the closure of the company.

The business model analysis is another strategic management tool used in the internal environment process. This strategy examines how a company generates revenue and provides value to its customers. This type of analysis can assist firms in identifying areas where they may be able to enhance their business model and implement changes that could lead to the business’s sustainability (Pieroni, McAloone, and Pigosso, 2019, p, 198). A business model study is intended to assist a corporation in achieving a balance between the integration of economic success and the promotion of environmental resilience (Pieroni, McAloone, and Pigosso, 2019, p, 198). The analysis is a valuable tool for the strategic planning procedure.

A business model analysis may employ a variety of frameworks for business models. The most prevalent framework is the firm’s resource-based perspective. This framework examines the company’s strategies and how they boost its performance, allowing it to compete favorably (Adnan, Abdulhamid, and Sohail, 2018, p, 31). This paradigm examines the company’s resources and asserts that they should be valuable, unique, scarce, and non-replaceable to improve the firm’s effectiveness and efficiency (Adnan, Abdulhamid, and Sohail, 2018, p, 31). Therefore, the company could obtain a competitive advantage by identifying the firm’s core resources.

Utilizing a business model framework, such as the Business Model Canvas, to identify the essential components of the business model that produce value and value capture in supply chain management is an example of business model analysis (Wiener, Saunders, and Marabelli, 2020, p, 89). In addition, the business model reveals the extent to which the organization collects, stores, manages, and processes data (Wiener, Saunders, and Marabelli, 2020, p, 90). Since outsourcing BD specialists are necessary to manage BD data, this can result in the establishment of employment possibilities. Furthermore, outsourcing BD specialists results in a sufficient market supply.

Analysis of financial statements is another strategic management tool that is utilized in internal environment analysis. This method analyzes a company’s financial accounts to determine its strengths and weaknesses. Financial statement analysis can be a valuable tool for organizations, enhancing the business’s operational and financial success. Consequently, the stock prices on the exchange will grow, and the company’s market value will rise (Kadim, Sunardi, and Husain, 2020, p, 859). The three most prevalent financial statements are the income statement, the balance sheet, and the cash flow statement. The income statement displays the company’s revenue and costs over a specific period. The balance sheet displays the company’s assets, liabilities, and equity as of a specific date (Arnold, Ellis, and Krishnan, 2018, p, 46). The cash flow statement illustrates how much cash a business has generated and utilized over a specified period.

Financial statement analysis is studying a firm’s financial statements to determine its financial health. For instance, financial statement analysis can be used to incorporate data or information from the balance sheet and income statement on a monthly, quarterly, or annual basis (Arnold, Ellis, and Krishnan, 2018, p, 47). Financial statement analysis can be performed using a variety of techniques and instruments. Ratio analysis, trend analysis, and common-size analysis are typical methodologies (Arnold, Ellis, and Krishnan, 2018, p, 47). Ratio analysis analyses financial statements that involve computing and comparing financial performance ratios. Trend analysis is a strategy for analyzing financial statements that include reviewing statement data over time (Arnold, Ellis, and Krishnan, 2018, p, 51). Utilizing trend analysis, trends in income, expenses, assets, liabilities, and equity can be identified.

A common-size analysis can be used to compare a company’s financial statements to those of other companies in its industry, as well as to compare the company’s financial statements over time (Arnold, Ellis, and Krishnan, 2018, p, 48). Financial statement analysis is a vital tool for assessing a company’s financial health and making decisions regarding investing, financing, and other strategic planning by examining cash flows and developing financial forecasts (Arnold, Ellis, and Krishnan, 2018, p, 50). Financial statements only provide a glimpse of a company’s financial status at a certain point in time. They do not provide information regarding the future financial performance of a company.

Conclusion

In conclusion, the internal business analysis consists of a SWOT analysis, an analysis of the company model, and an examination of the financial statements. The SWOT analysis entails analyzing the business’s strengths, opportunities, weaknesses, and potential threats. In addition, the business model includes a component that enables the company to understand how to maximize profit and provide consumers with high-quality services. An example of a business model is the Business Model Canvas, which assists the company in identifying its major components and their relationships. The financial examine financial statements that aid the company in determining its weaknesses and strengths. As examples, financial statements include ratio, trend, and common-size analysis. The financial statements can be used to recognize trends, evaluate risk, and make investment, financing, and other strategic planning decisions.

Reference List

Adnan, M., Abdulhamid, T. and Sohail, B. (2018) ‘Predicting firm performance through resource-based framework’, European Journal of Business & Management, 10(1), pp.31-36. Web.

Arnold, A.G., Ellis, R.B. and Krishnan, V.S. (2018) ‘Toward effective use of the statement of cash flows’, Journal of Business and Behavioral Sciences, 30(2), pp.46-62. Web.

Kadim, A., Sunardi, N. and Husain, T. (2020) ‘The modeling firm’s value based on financial ratios, intellectual capital and dividend policy’, Accounting, 6(5), pp.859-870.

Omer, S.K. (2019) ‘SWOT analysis implementation’s significance on strategy planning’, Journal of Process Management and New Technologies, 7(1), pp. 56-63. Web.

Pieroni, M.P., McAloone, T.C. and Pigosso, D.C. (2019) ‘Business model innovation for circular economy and sustainability: A review of approaches’, Journal of cleaner production, 215, pp.198-216.

Sushmita K (2019) ‘Internal analysis in strategic management: tools, importance and SWOT Analysis’, Research Papers and Articles on Business Management. Web.

Wiener, M., Saunders, C. and Marabelli, M. (2020) ‘Big-data business models: A critical literature review and multiperspective research framework’, Journal of Information Technology, 35(1), pp.66-91.

Overpopulation, Climate Change, And Security Issues

75,000 People Per Square Mile? These Are The Most Densely Populated Cities In The World. 2019. USA Today. Elzy Kolb.

The phenomenon of overpopulation has a tangible effect on regions, especially those that exhibit high population densities. It is stressed that large numbers of people and high density are not the same because even if a region appears to be overpopulated, it may not be. High population density refers to a scenario in which many people relate to a unit area of residential area: usually measured in the number of people per mile or kilometer. That said, the trend toward higher densities is clear: urbanization of the population is high and will reach 60% by 2030, according to the UN.

It seems natural that people want to move to big cities with more financial, career, and leisure opportunities. Thus, a hard stop to the urbanization phenomenon does not seem appropriate. Then it becomes relevant to expect regional authorities to have strategies to encourage life in small cities by developing them or reducing population growth in megacities.

Population Density Pushes The ‘Slow Life’. 2017. ASU News. Skip Derra.

As previously thought, overcrowding in cities is rigidly associated with categories of fast living, bustle, and chaos, in which people must be decision-makers, solve things quickly, and spend minimal time on unprofitable activities. However, as the article showed, this is not the case at all. The study showed that residents of large cities, experiencing the pressures of overcrowding, tend to lead a slower, more creative activity and plan more for the future. The reason for this phenomenon lies in evolutionary mechanisms: when a community closely surrounds an individual, he tends to improve himself qualitatively. This is why people in big cities traditionally marry and have children later but are more aware of planning for the future.

The study radically changes the established system of view and shows a side of urban life that has not been studied before. The idea of a quiet life fits perfectly with the agenda that urban dwellers tend to have fewer children than rural dwellers. In turn, in the long run, this can lead to the displacement of the local population by newcomers from small towns, which means that the cultural sovereignty of the region will be threatened.

Forget Overpopulation, Many Countries Are Running Out Of Young People. Now What? 2021. CNET. Brian Cooley.

The population problem is not necessarily strongly linked to overpopulation but can also manifest itself through a demographic shift. One of the most dangerous threats of such a shift is the decline in young people, which is already visible in some countries: China, Hungary, Sweden, and Japan. The decline in fertility has an effect not only on the decline of a country’s human capital but also on the effectiveness of benefits programs for the elderly, whose pensions are formed from the taxes of young citizens. A multiplicity of reasons determines this demographic shift, among which is the belief that the price of having a child is too complicated and expensive.

The decline of the young population does not seem at first glance to be a serious threat since the individual encounters a considerable number of them every day. Nevertheless, the problem has a cumulative effect, which means a gradual, non-intensive shift in the demographic balance. A country that has lost its younger generation will not be able to maintain its effectiveness and security on the world stage, which will lead to a reduction in sovereignty.

We Have 12 Years To Limit Climate Change Catastrophe, Warns UN. 2018. The Guardian. Jonathan Watts.

Rapid climate change is already happening, and the IPCC estimates that humanity has only 12 years to reduce this rate before irreversible natural cataclysms occur. Average temperature dynamics measure climate change; the current agenda shows that the modern world is 1 degree warmer than it was centuries ago, and the gap continues to grow. When the 2-degree mark is crossed, serious problems must occur: glaciers disappear, the Arctic collapses, and the population shrinks substantially. Particular problems will be relevant to the oceans, which are already feeling shoreline shifts, acidification, and a decline in fish diversity.

Humanity, individually and collectively, must consider how serious the consequences of a further rise in average annual temperatures will be. Hurricanes, tornadoes, tornadoes, and fires, which already seem to be an annual agenda, will continue to increase in the face of climate change. Consequently, to prevent such a scenario, every individual must use resources responsibly and have an ecological mindset.

Hotter Here, Wetter There: How And Why Climate Change Will Remake Our World. 2021. The Times of Israel. Sue Surkes.

Climate change must be viewed in terms of natural cycles that occur periodically. However, the intensification of human economic activity visibly catalyzes the disruption of the climate balance, increasing the rate of climate change. Human economic activity has many deleterious effects on the environment, including the intensification of carbon dioxide emissions and the drainage of wetlands. At the same time, the accumulation of harmful gases in the atmosphere increases, and thus the threat to nature increases. Many of the policy programs, even those that have been supportive, show the undesirable results of climate change containment policies.

Climate change has multiple manifestations, and discussions should pay particular attention to relevant causal linkages. Humans continue to cause enormous damage to nature because they are unaware of the specific actions that can be beneficial. Moreover, the lack of fundamental strategies on the part of the government also makes climate change intangible, and unimportant.

Summer Of Disaster: Extreme Weather Wreaks Havoc Worldwide As Climate Change Bears Down. 2021. Los Angeles Times. David Pierson.

Extreme weather events, including recent massive floods worldwide, hurricanes, and wildfires, are a natural manifestation of rapid climate change. Such cataclysms destroy municipalities and property and take lives. The article particularly emphasizes that such prospects were predicted a decade ago when the world began to talk seriously about the problems of climate science: however, the predictions made were even faster than anticipated. Consequently, it is vital for humanity to pay attention to the climate crisis now and initiate protective programs that will keep the pace of change in check.

This is yet another example of how human activity due to increased economic depletion of natural resources ultimately leads to problems of global geographic importance. The academic community can continue to forecast and develop programs, but the situation will not change until real action is taken. Given the current agenda, it can be already expected radical natural cataclysms to become even more destructive in the coming decades.

Scientists From IITM Pune Develop New Model To Tackle Air Pollution Menace In Delhi-NCR. 2021. TWC. Ians.

In large cities, the problem of pollution is particularly acute, and therefore it is appropriate for local scientific communities to develop and implement practices to manage these pollutants. In Delhi, an advanced benchmarking system was undertaken that measured the contribution of all sorts of pollution sources — garbage incineration, road dust, transport sector — depending on the observation region. The data collected are of fundamental importance to the authorities because it is still somewhat unclear which of the categories has a more significant impact on the area’s pollution. The relevance of this development is also confirmed by the described trend of an increasing number of days per year with critically low air quality.

The social relevance shows that humanity continues to attempt to combat geographic crises, including the problem of air pollution in large cities. In addition, a strategy of close interaction between the scientific community and the authorities to improve proactive programs is also noticeable. It is expected that in the future — within a decade — this will qualitatively improve the agenda of the regions and make the lives of people there better.

See How Wildfire Smoke Spread Across America. 2021. The New York Times. Nadja Popovich and Josh Katz.

Canada and the Western United States have been experiencing serious wildfires for the past week, affecting the health of populations and the environment as a whole. The wildfires, caused by rising temperatures due to climate change, produce vast amounts of PM2.5 emissions, which migrate. For example, critical levels of fine particulate air pollution have been measured in New York City and Toronto, negatively affecting the quality of life of local communities. Moreover, prolonged wildfires due to thick smoke can form their weather microclimates, causing thunderstorms and hurricanes.

There is no doubt, on the scale of a massive wildfire, an individual can hardly take action to contain it, so communities always rely on federal civil safety agencies. However, the individual must exercise social responsibility by preventing primary outbreaks. This must be accomplished both by supporting measures to contain the rate of climate change and by caring for nature.

Circular Cities: The Rotterdam Strategy. 2021. GreenBiz. Antonella Ilaria Totaro.

The trend toward increased urbanization has many adverse effects, but of particular note is the relatively new concept of sustainable cities, which seek to manage overpopulation. Sustainable cities are characterized by environmental responsibility, a reduction in the number of resources used, and a switch to alternative energy sources that do not have such detrimental effects on nature. The Dutch authorities, supporting the 11th UN Sustainable Development Goal, have created a unique program to increase sustainability by 2030. The paper includes a number of to be achieved within ten years: reorienting jobs, reducing carbon dioxide emissions, and sorting waste.

In this scenario, the responsibility of the authorities to manage geographical crises is visible, which allows the Dutch government to be seen as caring about the environmental well-being of the population. The example of the Netherlands may be proof that in the near future, most developed countries will recognize the practical value of geographic security and will begin to take concrete steps to manage it.

More People Must Oppose The US’ Bid To Trigger A New Cold War. 2021. China Daily. Chen Weihua.

Geographic security issues also include geopolitical relations between states, the crisis of which could cause new wars. Thus, China and the U.S. were strategic partners under President Obama, but when Biden took office, he launched a non-obvious policy toward the Asian country. The president is provoking the Chinese people to unleash a new Cold War. This is a severe challenge to the geopolitical agenda, which is why more than 40 human rights activists have written an open letter to the president calling for a change in the vector of relations with China. Neither the U.S., China, nor the rest of the world is really interested in a new war, and so policy must be rethought.

The aggravation of relations between countries shows that the bond of great nations will always be dynamic. Each of the governments seeks to extend its influence, and conflicts occur when they clash with rivals. Moreover, this scenario shows the vulnerability of international agreements — for instance, the Paris Agreement — since, due to worsening relations, such Acts can be dissolved.

Exaggerating Challenge From China Threatens U.S. Security. 2021. Forbes. William Hartung.

Under the Biden presidency, the U.S. is experiencing a strong emphasis on China as the country’s officially recognized competitor in all spheres. Such U.S. scrutiny raises the possibility of a war between the two nuclear powers, the consequences of which would be devastating. It is stressed that the United States has a comparable military advantage, overtaking China both in the quality and quantity of military equipment and the number of nuclear warheads. However, it is essential to take into account the political and economic motives that guide the countries’ foreign policies. Therefore, a demonstrable military buildup proves blind because it does not lead to a real solution to the crisis. Instead, states should improve diplomatic relations and resolve conflicts through negotiation.

In conflicts between great powers, one always thinks of a potential nuclear war, the consequences of which would destroy the planet. Two sides struggle at once at this moment: on the one hand, governments are restrained and intelligent enough not to start wars, while on the other, escalating conflicts can be extreme. It is noteworthy that the people of other countries, who have no interest in politics, are rendered inactive in such a case since, in fact, the people have no power to control the country’s nuclear policy.

Brief: Food Security And COVID-19. 2021. ReliefWeb. World Bank.

One severe manifestation of geographic threats is food insecurity, especially under COVID-19. The article reveals that even before the pandemic, natural disasters, socio-economic crises, and logistical problems — for example, the stagnation of the Suez Canal — have left the availability of quality food vulnerable. When supply chains were disrupted, this issue became particularly relevant. The effects of food shortages are expected to continue until 2022, which means that the number of hungry people will continue to grow. The population will be forced to reduce the amount of food they eat or save on the quality of the food they buy.

The social significance of this article is determined by the socio-economic gaps that exist in communities. The less developed a country is, the more likely it is that food security will be more severely threatened. On the other hand, such a trend opens up horizons for investing in food substitution technologies in the event of such crises, for example, with the help of GMOs.

Saudi Oil Minister Highlights Need To Extend Opec+ Deal. 2021. Argus. Samira Kawar.

When the coronavirus pandemic gradually ceases to be the main threat to the whole world, there is a return to previous orders. Thus, the OPEC+ members have once again started talking about extending the agreements of oil production. There is a discussion of the incipient conflict between Saudi Arabia and the UAE, which finds contradictions in the OPEC+ policy. Thus, the UAE insists on revising the current baseline oil production rate because it is unfair, while Saudi Arabia urges OPEC+ to extend the current agreement for the next month. Ultimately, it is possible to say that the countries have agreed to raise production levels from August but extend the current agreement until 2022.

This news shows several significant trends at once. On the one hand, oil industry issues are once again gaining importance in the geopolitical context. On the other hand, conflicts may arise between the UAE and Saudi Arabia. Finally, since both countries are progressively advanced, conflicts will not be solved in a military scenario, so it should not be worried about a possible war for resources.

The Shifting Geography of the South Caucasus. 2021. CEIP. Paul Stronski.

The Russian Federation has always pursued a policy of encroaching on neighboring countries to suppress sovereignty while covering it with humanitarian aid and crisis assistance. This report postulates that the situation in the South Caucasus — Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia — is beginning to change as the phenomenon of the Russian pull wears off. American interference in the situation is also weakening as the U.S. begins to pursue a more robust domestic policy and engagement with China. As a result, it is shown that the South Caucasus is gaining more independence and is beginning to diversify its economic policies to pursue independent activities. Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia are experiencing a political rebirth and are rediscovering themselves geographically after the framework of influence of the dissolved USSR slowly disappeared.

The report shows that the major powers’ influence on neighboring regions cannot last forever, as the natural need for cultural and political sovereignty leads to conflicts. Such reflections should be extrapolated for all systems of sub-lateral relations, and hence it is appropriate to assume a general trend toward a change in the world’s geopolitical structure. Big countries begin to conduct active domestic politics, and small states have the freedom of political decisions.

Teachers Want To Encourage Children To Take A Public Stand Against Climate Change. 2021. University of Bristol. N/A.

Any socially responsible individual with a civic attitude can contribute to the climate change fight. Thus, the article describes the tendency to actively educate students to fight climate change through the transformation of pedagogical practices. Any initiative decisions from students are encouraged, up to and including cases of civil disobedience, as the source points out. In addition, statistics have been cited that show the greater awareness and determination of British teachers compared to their U.S. counterparts. What is required is to expand the scope of preschool geography instruction so that students have a better understanding not only of the causal mechanisms of climate change but also of the recommendations for that.

This article has been helpful in gaining insights into perceptions of climate change at the collective level, not just among government agencies. It shows that rank-and-file teachers are deeply interested in an urgent and severe expansion of geography scope. This seems like an excellent strategy to make climate change more manageable in the long run: when children grow up.

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