“Dialogue Between Me, Myself & I” Poetry Paper Analysis Essay Example For College

A wise man once said “The toughest battle you’ll ever fight in your life is the battle within yourself.” Many Islamic scholars have said that and the greatest book in the whole world, the Quran, states that there is another being within our self and that it is our greatest enemy. It has no physical appearance nor shape nor form. No matter how much you want to get rid of it, you can’t, it’s like a soul trap inside your body. Some say it’s like a dungeon. Where your soul is trapped inside your body and your body is trapped inside your soul.

‘A Dialogue Between the Soul and Body’ is a poem written by a great poet, Andrew Marvell. He is known for his crafty use of words disguised in his poems to represent his “models” and views in the abstract nature. He portrays this poem and sends the message to the readers by the usage of deep imagery, simile, alliteration, metaphor, and personification to portray the body and soul as enemies which represents the conflicts inside each and every body and a soul. Here, body represents the strong and carnal desires that are engraved in yourselves just like Satan that lives among us. On the other hand, the soul is the divine and the spiritual dimension of our existence as in our daily deeds. This antagonistic scenario originated when Satan refused to honor the human species and vowed to destroy the human race. Fortunately enough, god did not abandon us from this vicious beast. He grants us the freedom of choice followed up with knowledge and will power. In this poem, the Body and the Soul are typically viewed as two beings that are inter-related to one another. Sadly, they deceive one another and torture each other in this argumentative poem. The author starts of the poem like a form of a debate going on between the body and the soul. This form of literacy creates forceful and aggressive tone throughout the poem.

The poem has been broken into four parts also known as “stanzas.” Each part has 10 lines and it follows the rhyme scheme “aa, bb, cc, ee”, which makes it a smooth harmonious and familiar flow. Every day in our life we have conflicting thoughts and that create an intense moment of emotional fits. As soon as you hear the annoying ring beside your bed every morning, the struggle starts and it’s real. Your body wants to rest while your soul is craving to pray just like how soul confront, “O who shall, from this dungeon, raise, A soul enslaved so many ways?” this is a powerful complaint. It is not only being imprisoned in the body but also tortured by it every time. The word choice Marvell uses brings focus on words like “dungeon” and “ensalv’d” because it has a strong and deep symbol it. Even though the poem is called the “A Dialogue Between the Soul and Body,” it more like thinking out a loud. For instance, the soul is not quarrelling with the body instead it is asking a rhetorical question in the first stanza, second line. In the second line, it says “enslaved so many ways,” now we will have our first description of the many ways it had been enslaved. “With bolts of bones, that fetter’d stands. In feet, and manacled in hands,” they could have use any other word other than bolts yet it’s been use here because it is use as a metaphor in linking to skeleton and how it is like a prison. “Here blinded with an eye, and there.

Deaf with the drumming of an ear,” this two lines sounds pretty weird to me because eye helps us see and ear helps us hear. However, if we look at the perspective of the soul, soul doesn’t need ear or eyes in fact it says that it “blinded” and makes it “deaf” making it contrasting. “A soul hung up, as ’twere, in chains. Of nerves, and arteries, and veins,” as you have witness, the description of the scenario is dark and really vivid. “soul hung up…in chains,” just like any hardcore prison would do. To soul, the arteries and the million veins inside the body is like torment. Throughout the poem you will observe there is a lot of stress words and it follows iambic tetrameter. There is a lot of use of symbolism, simile and metaphor as I have mentioned above. After opening to soul statement and complaint body started off with a rhetorical question, “Who shall me deliver whole.

From bonds of this tyrannic soul?” The body clearly wasn’t thrilled with the ill vibe that the soul let out, all the body wants is peace and a quiet life. The body switched the blame on the soul and wants to be free from the soul’s tyranny reign. The body uses the word choice; “bonds” and “tyrannic” to shift the meaning to immaterial, an immoral dictator. “And, wanting where its spite to try, has made me live to let me die,” the body uses paradox here in this quote, he body blames the soul of his overflow with hatred and its lacking to practice it, “wanting” here means lacking. “Since this ill spirit it possest.” Marvell uses all assonance in this last line of stanza two. By reading the body’s stanza, I can conclude that the soul is the one who have power over emotions, ethics and being active. We us human beings are like the soul, we have the power to do anything and the body here is fighting. It doesn’t want to go down alone it going to pull you down as well. The soul hasn’t change a bit, I think it got even more angrier with the body. It challenges the body by saying “What magic could me thus confine, Within another’s grief to pine?” Here it’s basically saying that what kind of ability does the body have that it can restrain the soul from leaving and also feeling all the pains that the body put through. “Magic” here is use it’s a big stretch but it possibly might mean god because since the beginning, the soul wants to go to the heavens. The soul was just sad about the struggle the body put through every day, now the soul goes into how much pain it feels when the body is hurt physically. “feel, that cannot feel, the pain.” There is use of paradox again here when it says “cannot feel, the pain,” meaning that it can only feel the pain when its force inside the body.

On the last third line of stanza there its has an alliteration of w “what’s worse,” wanting to get the reader’s attention and to feel bad towards soul. So far, Marvell is trying to see where the reader’s heart goes, towards the soul? Or the body? Last but not least its stanza 4 meaning that it is the last stanza and the body was sure pissed out after everything soul criticize. “But physic yet could never reach. The maladies thou me dost teach.” In this opening line the use of “thou” plays a major part, it is like stab in the central of the soul’s heart. The body set the tone a bit higher it clearly got more aggressive and basically telling the soul that no medicine can treat the pain that the body feel. Now they are fighting over who have to dealt with more pain. Even though, emotional pain is nowhere close to physical pain the body have no emotion therefor for it, it is a lot of pain. “The pestilence of love does heat, or hatred’s hidden ulcer eat,” it is true that a pestilence of loves does heat because the body and soul are both are too weak to go through when the love fails them. “hatred,” here is an illness with no cure. It grows under your skin and eat your inside until you become completely ill.

There is another alliteration here “hatred’s hidden,” trying to focus on the hatred of the soul. The last two lines of the stanza; “So architects do square and hew. Green trees that in the forest grew,” there is a assonance, “Green,” and “tree,” showing that it is important because it is the body’s last argument. “So architects do square and hew. Green trees that in the forest grew.” Marvell use of metaphor for the last point for the body is interesting. Architects themselves slather trees and shaped them into sculptures and different kind of forms. The whole poem is made up of iambic “daDUM daDUM” since from the first line. “O who shall, from this dungeon, raise.” It also consists of 10 lines per stanza. Both the body and the soul have equivalent beef heading to stanza 4 but Marvell heart was toward the body because it gave extra 4 lines in the beginning and chose to end with it. Oh! Poor soul!  The setting of the poem can be describing in so many ways. When I read the poem, I imagine a table where the soul and body are human figures and sitting at each end, complaining problems. There is a lot of alliteration and assonance as I have shown above. The title of the poem is just a normal title it has a meaning to it. Again, the word choice, “Dialogue” is like a quarrel between the soul and the body and it represents the reader with the issues and makes the reader to pick a side even though Marvell himself was bias toward body. It doesn’t really matter because the human body is the best picture of the human soul.

“Dialogue For The Future” In Bosnia And Herzegovina

There have also been several recent government-supported initiatives which provide more reasons for being optimistic about the future of BiH. In 2014, based on “a recognized need to create space for dialogue and promotion of coexistence in Bosnia and Herzegovina,” a joint initiative of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) and the Secretary General of the United Nations (UN), was undertaken to develop a project called “Dialogue for the Future: The promotion of coexistence and diversity in Bosnia and Herzegovina,” which was jointly implemented by UN agencies UNESCO, UNICEF and UNDP (“The Missing Peace: The Need for a Long Term Strategy in Bosnia and Herzegovina – Bosnia and Herzegovina” 36). The BiH Presidency identified education, culture and youth as areas that can act as a springboard for dialogue and trust building to take root in the country. The overall strategic focus/impact of the project was to address the deterioration of relations amongst communities and substantially decrease the threat of renewed conflict and violence by promoting peaceful coexistence, which is characterized by increased trust, respect for diversity, strengthened civic and inter-cultural dialogue amongst citizens, in particular youth (“The Missing Peace: The Need for a Long Term Strategy in Bosnia and Herzegovina – Bosnia and Herzegovina” 36).

Simply stated, the objectives of The Dialogue for the Future (DFF) were the creation of space for dialogue, reconciliation and building of trust. The objectives included:

  • Creating spaces for dialogue to enable the process of building understanding across the country,
  • Promoting coexistence and respect for diversity;
  • Increasing participation, awareness and influence of  youth in political dialogue related to issues that affect program development and reform in BiH;
  • Ensuring that education supports greater social cohesion, and

Supporting citizens and communities to achieve common goals in terms of building coexistence through culture (“The Missing Peace: The Need for a Long Term Strategy in Bosnia and Herzegovina – Bosnia and Herzegovina” 36).

The project’s donor was the United Nations Peacebuilding Support Office / Peacebuilding Fund (PBF); its budget was $2,000,000.00 (USD). It’s duration was for a period of 24 months and implementation of the project began in July, 2014. The Dialogue Platform Declaration announced in April, 2015 noted “Affirm(ed) our belief that continuous dialogue is the only way by which the challenges faced by Bosnia and Herzegovina will be resolved,” and “call(ed) on all peoples and citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina, especially the youth, to become active participants and engines of change and to work together with us in developing policies aimed at overcoming the key challenges faced by Bosnia and Herzegovina” (“The Missing Peace: The Need for a Long Term Strategy in Bosnia and Herzegovina – Bosnia and Herzegovina” 36).

The project was intended to directly include citizens, leaders and ‘champions’ of intercultural dialogue from different social backgrounds, with a special emphasis on youth. The project beneficiaries would be mainly youth, teachers, parents, activists in areas of art and culture, civil society, religious and business leaders, marginalized groups and communities, and the general public, with an emphasis on inclusion of gender minorities, primarily women and girls from less developed, rural areas of BiH. Eligible applicants for a grant included:

  • Civil society organizations registered in BiH and
  • Informal groups and individuals.
  • Priority areas were identified as:
  • Formal and informal education,
  • Intercultural understanding, and
  • Youth leadership and social innovation.

The majority of the Project’s budget was allocated to a Small Projects and Grants Facility (SGF), which financed 40 SGF projects in three “Key Areas of Action:”

Culture: Ensure that citizens and communities realize their common goals in terms of peace-building through culture (16 projects)

Education: Ensure that education supports greater social cohesion (11 projects)

Youth: Increase participation and awareness of youth in dialogue processes related to development and reform processes in BiH (13 projects) – which included:

  • Active Youth for a Better Future
  • Extinguish the Fire, Save Your Brother
  • From Education To Participation
  • Learn More and Respect Diversity
  • No To Violence and Xenophobia
  • We Choose the Future
  • Academy For Political Leaders
  • Bridges of Friendship 2015
  • Dialogue for Cooperation

In July, 2016, an “Evaluation of UNDP/UNESCO/UNICEF: Dialogue for the Future (DFF) Project Final Report” was released. It concluded that the DFF Project “can undoubtably be considered as successfully implemented contributing towards the overall project’s outcome…outputs and outcomes have contributed to the achievement of the main goal however, its long term effects are difficult to assess given a short time-span of the project and the timing of the evaluation, which is at the very end of a project of only 24 months length” (Ćesić and Šošević 4).

It concluded that based upon the Project’s monitoring data, the DFF Project :

  • Indirectly engaged over 150,000 citizens through 3 Dialogue Platforms; Youth Forums; trainings and SGF’s projects,
  • 1,350 Positive stories; 20 TV episodes targeted youth engagement resulted in an estimated 890,560 viewers, 27,494 Youtube and 135,419 Facebook views and 3,680 social platform users,
  • Youth focused initiatives; i.e. various Grant Facility, outreach, communications and advocacy activities such as Dialogue Platforms, Youth Forums, trainings and other SGF projects promoted trust building and appreciation of diversity, and

It is estimated that they engaged 1,138,084 persons or more than 29% of the population of BiH (Ćesić and Šošević 9).

The evaluation team noted that cooperation with The Ministry of Civil Affairs (at state level), Federal Ministry of Education, Science, RS Ministry of Education and Culture had been established during the Project’s implementation(Ćesić and Šošević 21). The Dialogue Platform combines the efforts of decision-makers, civil society actors and citizens – which has never occurred before in BiH and is therefore an opportunity to encourage leaders representing different levels of government (State, Canton and municipal) to join the endeavor (Ćesić and Šošević 21). However, the evaluation team had reservations as to whether these initiatives would be sustainable beyond the Project’s lifespan, and thus there was an “absolute need to continue to support (the) initiative (Through DFF II) in the future in order not to lose momentum and what has been already achieved by the Project components…sustainability needs to be an integral part of project design” (Ćesić and Šošević 21).

Buddhism: Dialogue Between Mark And Sara

The dialogue is based on two individuals with two different sets of beliefs. One individual is an atheist believes that in order for one to be a moral, ethical person, one must not be a religious person. Mark is more in tuned with his beliefs on buddhism, and reaching a state of enlightenment of perfect knowledge combined with infinite compassion. Both parties are having strong beliefs, and throughout the dialogue they take in insight on both sides.

Buddhism is pretty fascinating I decided on this topic based on the fact that it troubles me the most. Buddhism seemed like a detachment from life in the disconnection from suffering it provides in my opinion. In that case I choose this issue because I wanted to highlight spirituality, and the difference in everyone’s path in life. The different aspects of life individuals have in terms of for example identifying as atheist or buddhist. It is important to respect everyone’s beliefs, and it is highly important to broaden your horizons on insights of others beliefs. The dialogue should impact individuals who are set stubbornly to their own beliefs. Individuals who question their own spirituality, buddhists, and atheists.

In the beginning of the dialogue Mark touches on the principle of questioning which is very prominent in buddhism. The whole point Mark is trying to appeal Buddhism to Sarah stating that it can appeal to the modern, western idea of questioning social aspects. The concept of “kalpa” which is the universe cycle and its suppose to look like oscillations of the universe, and the Buddhist principle of constantly questioning belief. It’s the idea of questioning, and really just being open minded to different aspects of formation, destruction and existence of life. Sarah then mentions her Ideas on moral conduct, and restrictions that are present in buddhism despite these principles Mark states. In every religion there appears to be moral restriction, and she makes that clear. Her stance is really that she values her freedom, and believes her moral restrictions should not be a moral obligation to a certain philosophy or religion. Marks major theme is morality in terms to his response, and the major themes that go hand in hand which include enlightenment for buddhists. Sarah in contrasts brings out other themes in contrast to the idea of not having spiritual quest of for example to reach enlightenment. She touches on mental issues, and drugs how these variables can highly impact an individual’s path. She talks more in terms of what we cannot control when we deal with inevitable problems and pain. Mark touches on Buddhism fulfilling our life in way where our ego would not anymore. She touches on how she agrees that many aspects of the detachment would be beneficial those that are egocentric. Sarah states in a respectful manner her views, and then continues to thank Mark for the provided insight on his view of Buddhism.

I wanted to bold the names of the the speakers to make it very apparent and clear. I decided to just provide a snippet of the conversation where their main points are given on the topic. I wanted to make the dialogue as clear and specific as possible, and that was the best stylistic choice that gave that impression. The dialogue covers an important theme in philosophy over expanding knowledge, and questioning what is known to us. Sarah seems to question everything Mark provides her in insight of Buddhism. In general to raise questions about our reality and what other variables can also play a role. It is important, and a reminder of the remaining question that are what further provides more insight and knowledge.

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