Diversity In Social Work: Spirituality Concept Essay Sample For College

Spirituality is a core concept of Christianity and is enshrined in our core belief as Christians. The bible teaches us to be accepting of others no matter their beliefs. Today, social work is enshrined in the belief of Christianity, where we are taught to help people who are in need. However, religion and moral convictions do not always agree. Hence the need to be accommodating of others peoples view on religion. In the reviewed article, Jon Black is brought up in a Christian family growing to be a very conservative Christian. In the article, it is observed how he searched for a career that would best suit his belief in serving God. It is in this pursuit where Jon finds social work as the best career path. While in college, he realized he was gay, a realization that challenged his worldview. During his social work classes, he came to understand that some believe homosexuality and Christianity are mutually exclusive.

Based on analyzed texts, social work and religion, especially in areas of diversity, are mutually exclusive. Thus, when working with people with contravening religious beliefs, one should be open to others views and accept them. To achieve such acceptance, one has to be humble to others. Humility allows us to accept that we have something new to learn, especially when our religious beliefs contradict (Canda et al., 2019). Whatever our beliefs may be, we must leave room for new possibilities. Only in such instances can we serve and work better with other people regardless of their beliefs or moral values.

Embracing dialogue can create an avenue to reflect on social identities in areas where there are contradicting views. Through an open dialogue, we can understand others opinions on certain aspects and how they relate to our own. In a workplace, an open dialogue creates a conducive atmosphere where workers can understand each other. Also, an open dialogue between a social worker and a client can help them come to terms with their beliefs. Dialogue is essential for social workers working with children who are distraught with their Christianity beliefs and their sexuality. In the reviewed article, Jon came to terms with his sexual orientation and Christianity beliefs through open conversations in social work classes. Embracing dialogue does not only help clients but also helps co-workers understand each other’s beliefs.

Finding a balance between religious beliefs is vital in serving clients and working with others. People find it hard to change their moral standing, which can create hurdles among co-workers and clients. In social work, finding balance is significant as one can accept the diversity and differences in our own beliefs (Beckett et al., 2017). Although Christianity influences social work, not all social workers have the same belief as those in the bible but desire to do well to others. Thus, in creating a balance between our religious beliefs and others, we can create a harmonious work environment.

Contradicting views on certain aspects of life can create a very challenging environment. In some instances, some people find it very hard to accept others’ beliefs and morals, resulting in a toxic work environment. If one cannot find it in their moral belief to accept others, respecting their beliefs can help in creating a conducive working environment. By respecting others beliefs, we develop a sense of professionalism.


Beckett, C., Maynard, A., & Jordan, P. (2017). Values and ethics in social work. Sage.

Canda, E. R., Furman, L. D., & Canda, H. J. (2019). Spiritual diversity in social work practice: The heart of helping. Oxford University Press, USA.

Facebook Vs Myspace Platforms: Finding Differences


Facebook and Myspace are some of the world’s most popular social media platforms. Even though the sites have specific differences, they also enjoy numerous similarities. Nevertheless, the paper will primarily focus on the differences between the two online avenues. A close review of the two social media giants reveals differences in founding history, early global impact, employee numbers, user demographics and numbers, website features, languages, e-mail services, and role in music, with Facebook edging Myspace in terms of user preferences in the contemporary world.

Founding History and Early Global Impact

Myspace refers to a social media network launched in the United States in August 2003 by Tom Anderson, Chris DeWolfe, and John Hart. Myspace became the first online platform to attain a global audience, revered as the pace-setter in the area. Thus, the platform significantly revolutionized music, pop culture, and technology. Myspace played a significant role in the emergence of YouTube and other presently renowned networking avenues. The site was undisputedly the world’s largest social media site from 2005 to 2009 (Hyunjoo et al. 1) and outdid Google and Yahoo as the US’ most frequented websites in June 2006. However, Facebook surpassed the company in online traffic from May 2009. The number of monthly visitors dropped to a paltry seven million at the close of 2009.

Apart from being a social networking service, Facebook is also a publisher, unlike Myspace. Facebook refers to an American social networking service presently owned by Meta Platforms. The principal founder of the company was Mark Zuckerberg. Other notable contributors in the founding process were Mark’s former Harvard college-mates and roommates, such as Chris Hughes, Eduardo Saverin, Dustin Moskovitz, and Andrew McCollum (Robards 386). Membership to the platform initially comprised Harvard students and eventually expanded to other North American higher learning institutions for anyone above 13 years of age. Robards further notes that Facebook attained position seven in global internet usage, enjoyed over 2.7 billion monthly users in 2020, and received applause for being the most downloaded mobile application throughout the 2010s (388).

Employees and Changing Ownership

In 2017, Myspace had about 150 employees on its payroll (Hyunjoo et al. 1). The major executives were Justin Timberlake, COO Chris Vanderhook, and CEO Tim Vanderhook. The company’s ownership changed to Justin Timberlake and Specific Media Group in June 2011 after the joint acquisition. Other subsequent owners became Time Inc., Meredith Corporation, and Viant Technology LLC. Facebook remains under the founders’ ownership, unlike Myspace, which often changes ownership. The social media platform (Facebook) started with 150 workers in 2006, but at the close of 2021, the company had approximately 72,000 full-time employees (Hyunjoo et al. 1). The prominent executives of the site include founder and CEO Mark Zuckerberg, CFO David Wehner, and COO Sheryl Sandberg. According to Robards, Myspace had approximately 150 million users, while Facebook boasted about 400 million subscribers as of February 2010 (392).

User Demographics

In their earlier years, surveys indicate that Myspace was more prevalent amongst high school learners, whereas Facebook was rife among college students. The American company Nielsen Claritas recently concluded a study that suggested that the income group of Facebook users was higher compared to Myspace users (Robards 391). The study further revealed that Facebook subscribers tend to use other professional platforms like LinkedIn, unlike their Myspace counterparts.

Distinct Features

The main features availed to Facebook users are the wall, photos, status, pokes, gifts, and messaging. A user’s wall permits friends to share and post messages therein as ‘photos’ enable subscribers to upload and share their albums with family and friends. Users can update their family and friends concerning their whereabouts via their status updates, even as pokes allow users to poke their friends virtually (Robards 392). Users can send virtual gifts like cakes and flowers to their loved ones, while the messaging feature enables the relay of private chats in the inbox. Facebook users can also tag other users in photos and allow uploading and sharing of games, videos, and advertisements. The company introduced the Facebook ‘lite’ version for subscribers with slow internet connectivity.

Myspace also boasts some uniques features like the ability to permit users to build and modify their user profiles as per preferred themes, which is an absent feature in Facebook. The site also has Who I’d Like to Meet and About Me sections and emoticons that indicate various moods. Myspace users can alter their profile texts to custom formats with multiple colors and texts. The user can also modify profile pictures into 100 dollar bills, line drawings, or cartoons (Robards 394). Myspace uses bulletins posts on users’ pages that are visible to family and friends. Users can share joint boards via the Group feature, while the MySpaceIM acts as an instant messaging platform. Myspace News and Mobile permit access to users’ news and mobile, respectively, while MyspaceTV denotes a video-sharing platform. Other notable sections in Myspace are the Karaoke and classified sections.

Role in the Music Industry

Myspace is distinct from Facebook in that it has the Music section that enables musicians to upload their content on their pages for millions across the world to sample and enjoy daily. The social media platform also has a content management and digital rights service known as the SNOCP, through which artists can sell their music. Indeed, the successes of Myspace music birthed Myspace Records to discover and support hidden musical talent. The company continues to launch new features to its music page, including the archive and playlist sections (Hyunjoo et al. 1). Myspace Transmissions, established in 2007, permits live studio recordings by musicians. Even though Facebook allows the uploading of videos and music on its page, its features are less elaborate and poorly defined than Myspace.

E-mail Services and Languages

Presently, Facebook does not have e-mail services. On the other hand, Myspace came up with e-mail services in 2009 where users could get e-mail addresses with unlimited storage capacities. The Myspace e-mail service had more than 15 million users in 2010 (a year later) (Robards 389). Facebook went down in history as the pioneer company to permit external developers to create Facebook applications. Myspace later also allowed the same, but Facebook’s number of third-party apps remains far higher than Myspace. Facebook users enjoy safeguards against spam messages, unlike Myspace users that constantly contend with spam. Also, while Facebook supports and is available in over 110 languages, Myspace is only available in 15 languages (Robards 394). Myspace lacks the individual messaging features that Facebook subscribers enjoy daily.


Facebook and Myspace have several differences running back from the circumstances of their founding and the user demographics. Myspace seems to be miles ahead of Facebook in the music scene, while Facebook enjoys more robust user features like walls, posts, tags, pokes, inboxing services, and better protection from spam attacks. Moreover, while Myspace has unique e-mail services, Facebook lacks the feature. However, Facebook currently exceeds Myspace’s employee and user numbers globally. Facebook enjoys a more global appeal than Myspace owing to its numerous language support.

Works Cited

Hyunjoo Lee, et al. “What Makes a Difference Between Facebook, Myspace, and YouTube? Similarity and Dissimilarity between Online Social Networking Communities.” Conference Papers — International Communication Association, 2010 Annual Meeting 2010, p. 1. EBSCOhost. Web.

Robards, Brady. “Leaving Myspace, Joining Facebook: ‘Growing up on Social Network Sites.Continuum: Journal of Media & Cultural Studies, vol. 26, no. 3, 2012, pp. 385–98. EBSCOhost.

The Theme Of “Female Agency” In Literature


Female agency refers to women’s capacity to ultimately effect change that has a ripple effect across society. This involves altering society’s opinion of a lady and constructing an image that previously did not exist (Timko & Maria, 2020). The concept of female agency is exemplified in three novels: Wieland, Hope Leslie, and Clotel, in which a woman is given multi-dimensional roles and personalities, as demonstrated below.

Charles Brown’s work The Wieland is centered on two key themes: gender and gothic. Female characters in the novel serve as role models and objects of desire due to their diligence and perseverance in completing their assigned tasks. The author’s goal is to alter people’s perceptions about women, which he does via a figure named Clara Wieland. Teresa and Judith are two further feminists featured in the narrative.

Conflicts arise in Hope Leslie over the role of women in establishing the new republic and the interaction between indigenous people and early Americans. Hope Leslie’s narrative concludes with the Indian Magawisca being replaced by a champion with whom he interacted. Female agency is exemplified by women who are informed of contemporary affairs, self-sufficient, and religious. They are self-sufficient and do not require a man’s favor.

Clotel was written in 1853 by William Wells Brown and chronicled the story of a slave named Currer, who gives birth to two daughters, Althea and Clotel, both of whom are extremely intelligent and perform as well as white Americans. They meet their end following their employer’s death when they are sold, but the feminist Clotel finds a way to escape and subsequently marry her new owner.

Female Agency in Hope Leslie

Sedgwick was born in 1789 into a pious household with a solid educational background. He held several state and federal posts as a senator and congressman and served as a speaker and judge. She was able to write extensively on the nation’s political, social, and economic challenges due to her position. Her feminist personality developed due to how her father fostered her and how steadfastly he acted as a representation of patriarchal pressures. Her father was a federalist who was dedicated to serving both his family and his nation. Sedgwick, as a heroine, abandoned his father’s crucial faith. Sedgwick composed Hope Leslie in favor of feminism, which begins a new chapter in a woman’s perspective story. Initially, machismo reigned supreme, barring females from demonstrating their capabilities. A female character is born into a heroic tale and is unafraid of the consequences of her actions as a woman.

To begin, Sedgwick reintroduces female bildungsroman into the nineteenth century, when women required political and social integration. She discusses feminism’s techniques and demonstrates how they are related to the modern nation in which women are welcomed for political, social, and economic involvement. Exclusion is a severe problem that robs afflicted individuals of their security, happiness, and rights. Magawisca, an Indian character, is imprisoned twice after being wrongly accused of committing major crimes. Hope Leslie contributes boldly to Magawisca’s release, so restoring her joy. As demonstrated by Hope Leslie, Sedgwick shows a multi-dimensional female character, indicating that women have been exposed to various positions. The latter is both disruptive and an excellent example of women in public settings. Madam Winthrop and Esther Downing are both admirable instances of excessively subservient ladies. Puritan women are obedient to their elders, and Madam Winthrop is an excellent example. She is the governor’s wife, who taught the maiden and matron the value of wifely respect and submission to her husband. Character differs according to the character she performs.

Women have always been presented as strong and resourceful, and they display these characteristics without including their male companions in their daily activities. When Hope is in peril, she rescues herself and does not require assistance from a guy. When her secret with her sister backfires, she flees by boldly claiming to the boatman that she is a virgin and has never had an affair with any man. Captivity has been used to show women that they must take what is rightfully theirs from patriarchal males. After rescuing Magawisca from imprisonment, she rejects the traditional tale as the expected compensation. All of the story’s primary female characters are described as sympathetic. Esther’s kindness and charity are lauded in the novel’s final words. She views Hope’s public speech as an example for all women. Trope confinement has also been employed in relationships to increase support for women’s equality. Female characters in the narrative demonstrate empathy and will not stand by and watch others suffer.

Female Agency in Wieland

The work deals with a wide range of subjects, including gender and morality, among others. Brown’s work has led many to infer that he prefers to address abstract concerns rather than tackle queries regarding political or social matters, which is consistent with his personality. The female characters have been shown as victims of various events, despite Brown’s attempts to protect them by not presenting them as potential predators. By breaking the boundaries of stereotypes throughout the novel, the author depicted them as actual fighters in his eyes. He also attempted to avoid ladies who could not be trusted, who could not be relied on, and who were underdeveloped.

Catherine, cowardly and weak, is protected by Clara during Carwin’s thwarted attack, demonstrating Clara’s robust and educated character traits well. Clara was also in charge of the household’s operations and comprehended events as well as men. Clara subsequently marries a guy who recognizes and respects her strong traits, and it is only a brilliant mind like Clara’s that is capable of doing all of this. Clara has a volatile temperament, as seen by her dispute with Pleyel, and she becomes too subjective when she allows her fury to take control. “There was nothing more obvious than the fact that I had taken my eternal leave of happiness,” Brown writes. Apart from the good that had been taken away from me, life was a pointless exercise” (53). This has provided feminists with a safe forum to voice their rage when they have been wronged without fear of repercussions.

Despite her father’s wealth, Brown portrays Clara as a self-sufficient and prosperous lady who has accumulated her money via the toil of the slaves. On the contrary, women were not granted legal or formal freedom under the covertures legislation, which said that their rights were governed by their father’s will or any man with whom they shared home or resided in the community. They have the right to own property and are not required to allow anybody else to determine what they should do with what they possess. She lived only a few miles away from her brother, who paid her frequent visits. Likewise, she is over heels in love with Pleyel, and she has decided not to be the first person to confess her feelings for the guy she adores in public. That the writer never permitted the woman to be the one who was desperate enough to open out about love is shown by this. As a woman, she had all she needed and was under no obligation to marry to acquire property.

Female Agency in Clotel

The first edition was published in the United States in 1853 by William Wells Brown. It is the first novel written by an African-American author to be published. The story focuses on the union of American citizens and African slaves in the nineteenth century. In this tale, women are shown as weak beings who have no right to do anything without the consent of their male elders’ consciences. Throughout a significant portion of the story, male chauvinism has predominated. Clotel Jefferson is the daughter of Currer and Thomas Jefferson, who were of mulatto and white heritage, respectively, and had a mulatto ancestor. She is sold as a slave to Horatio and ends up having a daughter as a result.

Clotel intends to flee slavery, but he gets apprehended while attempting to flee to do so. Clotel decides to commit suicide rather than return to the nightmare. Those women, formerly considered slaves, were overworked and sexually mistreated because they could not assert their rights, which is clear from this. Women are treated with a great deal of exploitation and despair throughout the tale.

When Clotel’s mother lost her job when Thomas went to Washington D.C., it was clear that the female slaves were being abused. It was her daughter who was sold away, and it was she who died of yellow fever after electing to travel to Natchez, a strong indicator that no treatment was provided to the vulnerable female slaves. Althea, even though she is a very young girl, is sold to Henry to become his property and his wife at an early age. Two daughters are born to her, and they both die of the same sickness that claimed their grandmother’s life years later.

As a result, when Horatio marries another woman, Mary and her mother are sold into slavery. Mary is not unusual, and she suffers the same violence as the other women. As a result of her great suffering, Mary is a Greens servant who is saved by a Frenchman and accompanies him to Europe with him. Although they are exposed to strenuous labor, the women in the novel are utilized as sex objects. Immediately after giving birth, children or their mothers are sold, resulting in family separation, leading to Clotel’s death.


The three novels have exhausted the female agency topic by addressing the role of women and property ownership in current and ancient times and how the author portrays the women in the mentioned topic. In Wieland and Hope Leslie, male characters have been given rights to enjoy all the privileges that men have, unlike the woman in Clotel, where a woman is described as very weak and subjected to a lot of suffering, such as slavery. The role of women in the theme of religion is addressed by systematically analyzing the function of women in the religious setting. Leadership is discussed by explaining how females have participated in leadership in the three novels. Equality among the gender has not been left out since gender inequality is a central theme in all three novels. Females have been subjected to a lot of suffering by being considered inferior and without any right not even suitable to be treated when they fell sick. Finally, the role of women in education has been carefully discussed because women play a crucial role in education.

Work Cited

Timko, Maria Alexandra. A Raisin in the Sun as feminist text: Racialised gender roles, female agency and representation across mediums. Helsingin yliopisto, 2021.

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