Freedom of speech is a concept that is supposed to be one of the most valuable for the democratic society we are trying to build. We are often told that there are no barriers for anyone who would like to state his or her opinion on political issues provided that this opinion is reasonable. Unfortunately, it does not work in real life: People who adventure their honest opinions on powerful politicians are likely to be exposed to ordeals. Life in a state of fear is the only thing they get in return for their honesty.
Donald Trump is one of the most powerful politicians in the world, and his popularity is likely to reach absurd heights. Those that support him as the wannabe president seem to believe that it is in the order of things to protect his integrity by any means. David French was one of a few people who took the liberty of criticizing Trump’s supporters for using terms associated with white nationalism. What is more, he reproached them as they were supporting the alt-right ideology; however, the response that he and his family got was not as humane. David’s younger daughter was adopted from Ethiopia, and his faceless enemies were cruel enough to choose her as the victim; they knew it would cut him to the quick. He was sent numerous pictures with his little daughter’s smiling face in the gas chamber. The cynicism of Trump’s supporters went over the edge; by criticizing Trump, David was discussing nothing other than political attitudes, whereas Trump’s supporters let him know that they believed his daughter was subhuman. “The racist bases his accusation on a biological or a cultural difference, from which he generalizes to cover the whole of the defendant’s personality, his life and the group to which he belongs” (Rothenberg, p. 174). As we can see, racism involves noticing slight biological differences and inventing the theory that worth also depends upon our heritage. Everyone knows that it is unfair and inexcusable, but it is still a subject of rejoicing for those who consider their white skin to be an excuse for such behavior. David’s enemies knew they had nothing to say to his points, and they took it out on an African-American girl.
The question of human dignity and our responsibility for what is happening in society is also a key point of this story. David is not the first victim of Trump’s supporters. Erick Erickson did not want to see Trump at his Red State gathering, and the next evening his house was full of angry supporters shouting at his children. The story of people playing a dirty trick on those who were simply honest and even naive reminds us of the most famous story of betrayal. “When God asks what happened, Cain offers his notoriously barbed lie: ‘I do not know, am I my brother’s keeper?’” (Rothenberg, p. 204). We do not know either. We are not our brothers’ keepers when it comes to human society, and this is also a reason why such things continue to happen. The cyberattack on David’s family was thought out to the last detail, and it may bring us to a deplorable conclusion: Every man is for himself when there is a need for positive changes, whereas people form an inviolable union to commit the misdeeds. Is it honest to use such methods of defending your candidate, and is it honest to shy away from the crimes of your supporters? The community of his supporters seems to be experiencing a great moral decadence if their opinion is expressed through telling the Jewess who disagrees with Trump that she “deserves the oven” and sending her numerous death threats (French par.7). By splitting off from society, they act as betrayers of humankind, and such actions can never be excused.
French, David. The Price I’ve Paid for Opposing Donald Trump. 2016.
Rothenberg, Paula. Beyond Borders: Thinking Critically About Global Issues, New York: Worth Publishers, 2005. Print.
Teamwork: Reflective Account On Group Work
Group experience reflection
First of all, reflecting on the group experience, it should be mentioned that the management style adopted by the group was the democratic style. Such a choice of management style met the requirements set before the group the most efficiently.
The group work was organized in the following way. Before the group work began, the leader was chosen. Next, the leader evaluated the group task and began to work towards this task completion.
The group was formed without knowing each other. Team members tended to behave independently and did not trust one another.
The group worked on the presentation. The focus in this group presentation was to identify the problem within the organisation and be able to think in-depth and develop management skills on how to resolve and manage the crisis that might arise within the group by applying the appropriate theory.
In addition, the group members worked with the case study given by the tutor. The case study was researched together. Next, the tasks were allocated. At this point of the group work, the problems began because of the arguments and unwillingness to cooperate. The team members did not want to accept the given tasks. This difficulty appeared the main cause of the disagreement.
To solve this complicated problem, the leader used the democratic management style. The leader reminded the team of the agreed rules and the guidelines set by the group.
The group members assembled for the coprocessing tasks. In week 8, the group went to have a meeting with the seminal leader. Their purpose was to get a piece of advice on their work for the presentation. In addition, the group members aimed to take feedback on their progress. The ultimate goal of the group members was to complete their tasks and send them to the group leader.
Analysis of the situation suggests that the chosen management style turned out successful to achieve the goals set in front of the group. The essence of the problem was skillfully identified by the leader. Seeing that the group members wanted to be heard and they needed consideration of their unique skills and abilities, the leader made the right decisions. Adoption of the democratic management style was the right decision thus because the team members wanted to have a part in the decision-making.
Analysis of the Management Style and a Critical Review of the Team’s Approach
The democratic management style is based on the principle of participation (Northouse, 2015). Its main components are consultation, consensus, and persuasion during the whole process of decision-making (Dogaru, 2012). The democratic management style assumes that final decision-making is done by the leader (Boykins et al., 2013).
The team’s approach to task completion and cooperation can be justly qualified as the democratic management style. Such a conclusion can be supported by the fact that the leader encouraged team members’ participation in the decision-making, reached consensus but left the right of final decision-making for him.
Management Style Questioner Reflection
Reflecting on the ‘management style’ questionnaire filled at the start of the semester, it should be stated that the writer’s approach to management changed since the questionnaire was completed for the first time. Particularly, the writer began to view leadership and teamwork as a united system, in which the most important point is effective cooperation based on mutual respect (Northouse, 2015). The writer also concluded that for the situations where consensus should be reached, it is important to allow the group members’ participation in the decision-making.
From the course materials and the additional academic sources researched by the writer, one realized that the team members often need their right to democracy to be realized (Northouse, 2015; Burke & Barron, 2014). Employees want to be a part of the decision-making process (Harper, 2013). This is the truth about the group work in the given case. Some leaders prefer thinking that an autocratic position is more effective. However, the situation the group faced proves that cooperation is crucial to have a good result in group work.
A good leader knows how to guide without pressure (Northouse, 2015). The group leader in the given project demonstrated excellent skills of guiding without tension. This wise behaviour helped the leader to resolve the conflict with those group members who refused to cooperate.
The writer understood that supportive communication from the leader was welcomed by the group members. When the group leader showed interest in the good results accomplishment and provided helpful feedback regarding their parts of work for all team members, the task completion progress became steadier.
Theories of Management Styles
There is a row of theories of management styles. These theories can be split into four groups. Behavioural theories assume that the major aspect of the management style is the leader’s behaviour (Harper, 2013). Behavioural theories focus on the leader’s works and based on them, they qualify the leader’s management style. Contingency theories focus on the situation the team is facing (Harper, 2013). Based on the situation, they offer the leader recommendations as for the choice of the management style, which is the best for the current state of affairs. Trait theories view leaders as owners of certain character traits that influence their management styles. Trait theories state that leaders choose the management style that best fits their personality (Harper, 2013). Finally, power and influence theories assume that leaders use various management styles depending on their views on power and authority (Harper, 2013).
Boykins, C., Campbell, S., Moore, M. & Nayyar, S. (2013) An empirical study of leadership styles. Journal of Economic Development, Management, IT, Finance, and Marketing, 5(2), 1-31.
Burke, R. & Barron, S. (2014) Project management leadership: Building creative teams (2nd Edition). Somerset, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated.
Dogaru, M. (2012) Practicing management styles in organizations. Valahian Journal of Economic Studies, 3(1), 59-62.
Harper, C. (2013) Exploring the relationship between management style and work-life balance. Colorado, Technical University.
Northouse, P. (2015) Leadership: theory and practice (7th ed). London, Sage.
The Impact Of The Industrial Age And The Rise Of Capitalism
The topic of this course project is “the impact of the Industrial Age and the rise of capitalism.” This topic was chosen because of the strong belief that the reflections about the past and continuous paralleling of the previous experiences with the modern ones are the way to a deeper understanding of today’s world foundation. From the Industrial times, society has changed its mindset in multiple spheres many times up until now, but the current project will focus on the influence this period had on the contemporary views about money, wealth, and business. In today’s world obsessed with material values reviewing the roots of this addiction seems like a topical task. The definition of the key features of the industrial epoch and the early capitalism would help discuss them in relation to modern times and values. The project goal is to analyze the distinctive characteristics of the chosen time period and the rise of the capitalist spirit and compare them to contemporary society to discover how they influenced the latter.
There has been some research in this particular area, however, with little comparison to modern times. Charles More (2014), for example, delves into the study of the Industrial age in Britain in all its complexity and multitude. He observes the industrialization process in the spheres of agriculture, manufacturing, society, government, banking, and many other areas of life. This comprehensive study is an excellent basis for the current research due to a variety of useful data that describe the life of people from different sides. It allows grasping the fundamental values that dominated the industrial age society. It also sheds some light on the birth of capitalist relations in the described period. The limitation of this study relating to the current project might be that the authors’ research is mostly centered on Britain.
Another useful addition to the basis of the current study is a book by Lloyd-Jones and Lewis (2014) called British Industrial Capitalism since the Industrial Revolution. It deals with theoretical, historical, and economic aspects of the industrial age capitalism after the 1820s. The authors offer a detailed review of the causes, consequences, and meaning of the changes that the industrial age added to the development of capitalism. This source will greatly benefit the current research and help build the section about capitalist relations in the industrial age. The limitation, however, is that it reviews the period after the industrial revolution without much focus on the previous years.
The primary method of collecting data about the early capitalism and industrial age will be literature analysis. The choice of works will be based on the presence of information about the above-stated topics and data on the society’s lifestyle and attitudes towards business and money. The objective here would be to crystallize the key concepts that dominated the mind of people in that age. To analyze the impact the mentioned concepts have on contemporary society a survey may be conducted. It can gather opinions about the influence the discovered industrial age and capitalistic values have on the participant’s life.
The project is planned in three stages: data collection from literature sources on industrial age and early capitalism, conduction of surveys with modern people on the influence of industrial age and capitalistic values, and analysis of the collected data.
Results and Implications
The desired results will include an answer to the question of whether and how the industrial age capitalism influences modern people’s perception of money and business. This project could help better understand the meaning of the mentioned values and the extent of their influence on modern people’s lives. Perhaps, it would give an insight into the direction of the development of modern society.
Lloyd-Jones, R., & Lewis, M. (2014). British industrial capitalism since the industrial revolution. London, UK: Routledge.
More, C. (2014). The industrial age: Economy and society in Britain since 1750. London, UK: Routledge.