Dysfunctional Family Homework Essay Sample

Introduction

Majority of the ills we face in our society today are traced back to a dysfunctional family. The term had become a cliché, an excuse people give for their imperfections. Family dysfunction however goes beyond the normal family issues. It has deeper psychological foundations and implications that need to be understood and addressed.

Definition

Family dysfunction is “any condition that interferes with healthy family functioning” (Benton,1993). It differs from the normal family problems in its overriding role in the family’s life. Benton stated that a lot of families experience “dysfunction” triggered by some unfortunate circumstances like death or illness but normal families bounce back to normalcy. Dysfunctional families live with the problem constantly.

Hartwell-Walker in “Why Dysfunctional Families Stay That Way,”  stated that a dysfunctional family do not have a sense of what normal is, so they bring up their children in the way they perceive normal. Children from dysfunctional families do not even know they are different until they spend time with other families.

Kinds of dysfunctional families

In Dysfunctional Families: Recognizing and Overcoming their Effects, Benson observed four kinds of parents. The first are deficient parents. “Deficient parents hurt their children more by omission than by commission” (Benton,1993). Children with parents suffering from mental illness and physical handicap are forced to grow up and assume the role of the parent. Because they can not fill the emotional needs of their parents, they grow up feeling guilty and inadequate.

The second type is controlling parents. As opposed to the first scenario, the parents dominate their children and forbid them to make decisions on their own. The parents are afraid to let go for fear of being unwanted. Children are afraid to act independently for fear of upsetting their parents (Benton, 1993).

Alcoholic parents tend to be “chaotic and unpredictable.” Rules change frequently. Discussions about alcohol use or family problems are restricted. Parents and children are in denial and fail to seek help. In The Glass Castle, Walls wrote “In my mind, Dad was perfect, although he did have what Mom called a little bit of a drinking situation. There was what Mom called Dad’s ‘beer phase’. We could handle that. Dad drove fast and sang really loud, locks of his hair fell into his face and life was little bit scary but still a lot of fun.” Children grow up blaming themselves for their parent’s behavior.

The last are abusive parents. Abuse can be verbal, physical, or sexual. Verbal abuse takes the form of damaging criticisms. Physical abuse involves violence. Sexual abuse includes physical contact between an adult and child where that contact must be kept secret (Benton, 1993).

Hartwell-Walker stated that even if children realize these damaging situations, they do not have the capability to escape. They are trapped to deal with their families.

Treatment

Children from dysfunctional families develop unique instincts for survival. They tend to overcompensate in other areas of their life to cover up their past. However, the tend to doubt their intuition and emotion which affects the way they relate to other people (Benton 1993).

The best possible treatment is to seek professional help. They need to express their pent up emotions and deal with the issue. This is not easy after years of denial and abuse. Benton suggested starting with a journal the progressing to trusting other people.

Summary

The hardest thing about dysfunctional family is accepting the fact that your own parents, the people who are supposed to take care of you can cause you harm. “A child’s most important duty is to protect the image of their parents and family in the community” (Fischer 2004). Instead of getting help, dysfunctional families withdraw from society to the intimacy of their secret lives, making it hard for other people to extend help.

Works Cited

Benton, Sheryl A. “Dysfunctional Families: Recognizing And Overcoming Their Effects.” 1993. Counseling Services. 7 July 2009 < http://www.k-state.edu/counseling/topics/relationships/dysfunc.html >

Fischer, Thomas F.  “Ten Commandments of Dysfunctional Families.” 5 October, 2004 Ministry Health, LLC. 7 July 2009 <http://www.ministryhealth.net/mh_articles/064_ten_commandments_of_dysfunctional_families.html>.

Hartwell-Walker, Marie.  “Why Dysfunctional Families Stay That Way.” 27 January 2000. Psych Central. 7 July 2009 < http://psychcentral.com/library/id23.html>.

Walls, Jeannette. The Glass Castle: A Memoir. USA: Scribner, 2005.

Morgoth: The Black Enemy Of The World

Morgoth is the true Dark Lord, the Avatar of Evil in J.R.R. Tolkien’s fantasy universe. In the beginning, he was Melkor, highest of all the Ainur of old. Yet due to his evil heart, he alone of the Valar felt fear. Though many evils are ascribed to him, his chief sin is present in us all: Pride.

To Melkor among the Ainur had been given the greatest gifts of power and knowledge and he had a share in all the gifts of his brethren. So speaks the Ainulindale[1], the music of the Ainur. In the beginning the Ainur sang for Illuvatar, that is God, to bring forth creation. Even then, Melkor began to show forth his pride. He caused the music of the Ainur to change and the first tumults of Ea, that is the Universe, were sparked by his rebellion. Nevertheless, he was mastered by Illuvatar and Melkor’s tumultuous music was incorporated into the song of creation.

When Ainur descended upon Arda, that is the World, they became the Valar, the powers of the world. Chieftain of the Valar was Manwe, brother to Melkor, and nearest to him in power. Yet all the good Valar, in the beginning, were no match for the power that was Melkor[2]. As is told in the Quenta Silmarillion, he overpowered his brethren and caused the marring of Arda long before Men or Elves were wakened upon the Earth[3].

Later on he would do many deeds of evil and spite. Not the least was the marring of Feanor, the corruption of Illuvatar’s children[4], or the estrangement of Men and Elves. After the rape of the Silmarils, Feanor named him Morgoth, black enemy of the world. As is better told in the Quenta Silmarillion, Feanor and the valiant Noldor waged a hopeless war for the recovery of the Silmarils.

In the end, because Morgoth dispersed his corrupting essence into his servants, he became bound unto the Earth. He took upon himself a raiment from the flesh of Arda and he became like unto a mortal. In his defeat his physical form was executed and his spirit was thrust from the World. Yet his dark will remained. His malice continued to inflame the hearts of Orcs and other beings of Evil. His lies remained to estrange Men from Elves and his mightiest servant, Sauron, would later usurp his place and continue the War against all that is true, good and beautiful. Finally, his corrupting influence continued to mar the world as a whole. Thus it was said that all of Middle Earth was Morgoth’s ring.

Yet, how could one so high become cast down to so dire a low? That Tolkien was known as a Christian writer is best exemplified in his Morgoth. Like Lucifer in the Book of Genesis, Melkor was mighty and but he would not submit to God’s plan. In his pride, he insisted in doing things his own way. Though his rebellion was ultimately without hope he nevertheless persisted. Arda was marred and would not be healed until the end of days.

We hold that we are good. We believe that we can never be like Melkor. Never shall we corrupt our fellow man and turn them into Orcs. None of us can imagine beguiling others to turn against each other for the sake of beguiling alone. Certainly, we will not mar the works of others just to claim that we had a part in their creation. Or so we believe.

But in fact, his a priori sin exists in all of us. Just as Morgoth, in all likelihood, believed that all of himself was good and just, so are we men wont to believe that our deeds are good and just. In our pride, we are often blinded to justice and the needs of others. Pride was the cause of the original sin. Pride has, does and will ever cause men to turn away from good.

As Melkor lusted to claim Arda as his dominion, so do we desire to claim our own share of the world. Because we esteem ourselves great, at times we claim more than is rightful to the detriment of others. For example, many legislators scurry to claim authorship of a bill so that they may call it their own. Yet in truth many laws were written by humble clerks and staffmen.

As Melkor took the Silmarils by fire and murder, we disturbingly often will resort to false counsels and white lies to achieve our will. One example is political propaganda. While not always wholly untrue, often they hide facts that can change the whole story.

Morgoth was Melkor Bauglir, the Constrainer. His marring of the World caused it to be less than it should have been. At times, in our pride in ourselves, we put others down and make little of their achievements so as too keep our self-proclaimed place in the world.

There can be no doubt that Melkor was evil,. That he was conquered and executed is just. But to say that he is a Dark Lord, essentially evil, that his malice was a fiction, a literary device to contrast with the Good is false. Though he be a fiction, Morgoth pride lives in each and every one of us. The little Melkor within must be humbled err evil befall us all.

[1] Ainulindale by JRR Tolkien

[2] The Lost Road and Other Writings: Ainulindalë, pp. 157, 164.

[3] The Silmarillion by JRR Tolkien

[4] # ^ J. R. R. Tolkien (1977). in Christopher Tolkien (ed.):  The Silmarillion. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, p. 50. ISBN 0-395-25730-1.

Anz – Pestel Analysis

            ANZ is one of the largest banks in Australia and New Zealand and is a major financial entity worldwide.  It opened its first office nearly 150 years ago and today is amongst the top 50 banks in the world. It is one of the five largest companies in Australia and the top financial institution in New Zealand.  It has 1265 worldwide points of representation with operations in Australia, New Zealand, Asia, the Pacific, UK/Europe and the USA. (ANZ Official Website) The banking industry is significantly affected by the political, legal, socio-cultural and technological factors.  The impact of these factors on ANZ Bank can be evaluated in detail by conducting a PESTEL (Political, Economic, Environmental and Legal) analysis to determine the driving forces as well as the hurdles or challenges which the bank faces today and might face in the future.

Political Analysis

            Banks have become increasingly global in today’s business environment and thus the geo-political environment can have an immense impact on a bank’s operations and profitability.          The same is true for ANZ Bank. The current political instability in Iraq and the ongoing war by the US and its allies, the defiant attitude of North Korea and the increasing terrorist activities all around have affected business overall. Furthermore, political strife in the Pacific region for instance in Fiji, Solomon Islands and Tonga have an impact on all major economies of this region and in turn affect their growth rates and creditworthiness for banks as well as investment levels and business prospects within these areas. (Tai, Baeau: 2007)

Economic Analysis

            Worldwide and regional economic growth obviously has a tremendous effect on a bank’s revenue and profit generation capabilities. The economic environment for ANZ has been fairly positive to date and the same trend is expected to continue in future as well. The world economy has expanded by 5.4% last year.  This is the fastest expansion rate since 1973 which is expected to last throughout 2007 and 2008. The primary reason for this expansion is the strong economic growth in developing nations. Similarly, the Australian economy, where ANZ is headquartered, is also in a growth phase and has continued its 15th year of expansion which is an extremely impressive achievement. This record breaking expansion will continue in the years to come. On the other hand, growth rates for New Zealand are not that high and it is expected that expansion levels will remain low for the next two years. Nevertheless, the economic environment overall is extremely positive for ANZ and indicates several business opportunities for the bank in the next few years. (Eslake, Saul et al: 2007)

Technological Analysis

            Technological factors also play a role in a bank’s overall operating efficiency and customer satisfaction.  ANZ is a step ahead in this regard and is committed to ensuring that it “has a medium to long term vision for technology.” In order to remain competitive it is important for the bank to anticipate technological changes and outline a strong technology strategy. That is why ANZ uses technology specialists to develop technological skills as well as deploy new and improved technologies as well as identify the opportunities and risks associated with emerging technologies. (ANZ Technology Committee Charter: 2007)  For example the bank has introduced full digital certificate technology which offers a more secure online environment for its customers.  This has helped ANZ complement its trust and security initiatives and to sustain its position as a global leader in the financial industry.  (ANZ Official Website)

Legal Analysis

            All financial institutions are required by law to comply with regulations and standards. The same rules apply to ANZ as it has to ensure compliance with all legal requirements pertaining to its business operations. Moreover, the fact that ANZ has operations in a large number of countries, the bank is affected by laws and regulations in every jurisdiction it operates in. Thus, it has to establish standards and objectives which are in line with international legal guidelines. For example in Australia the Bank has to operate under the requirements of the Banking Act 1959 and has to hold an Australian Financial Services License under the Corporations Act 2001. Similarly the bank has to participate in government advisory bodies in order to engage with regulators and government officials on a regular basis as well as outline corporate governance policies in accordance with government standards and guidelines.

Social and Environmental Analysis

            Environment and social factors present several risks to financial institutions especially in their lending activities. The same is true for ANZ.  That is why the bank has developed a Social and Environmental Issues Policy to monitor and identify potential social risks especially in its credit approval process.  The bank uses client screening tools to assist in the credit approval process and identify high risk and low risk borrowers according to their social standing. Moreover, the bank has implemented the Equator Principles which has helped it to develop social and environment policies that are applied for all its lending and investment decisions especially in developing countries.  These steps help the bank minimize the negative impact of social factors as well as identify business opportunities in light of the social environment. (ANZ Official Website)

Bibliography

Information about ANZ from its official website www.anz.com

Baeau, Tai. Political Troubles Cause for Economic Uncertainty.  Islands Business. Available online at http://www.islandsbusiness.com/islands_business/index_dynamic/containerNameToReplace=MiddleMiddle/focusModuleID=17211/overideSkinName=issueArticle-full.tpl

Eslake, Saul et al.  ANZ Economic Outlook. June Quarter 2007

ANZ Technology Committee Charter. February 2007. Available online at http://www.anz.com.au/documents/au/policies/TechnologyCommitteeCharter.pdf

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